Study sets matching "dermatology"

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Study sets matching "dermatology"

369 terms
Dermatology
What are the layers of epidermis?
What are the functions of skin?
What are the 3 major proteins present…
What are the main roles of subcutaneou…
Stratum Corneum (cornified layer, Horny Cell Layer)... Stratum L…
1) Protection... 2) Sensation... 3) Thermoregulation... 4) Eliminate W…
collagen, elastin and reticular.... - Collagen is 70% of the dri…
1) Insulates the body from the heat and cold... 2) Absorbs the s…
What are the layers of epidermis?
Stratum Corneum (cornified layer, Horny Cell Layer)... Stratum L…
What are the functions of skin?
1) Protection... 2) Sensation... 3) Thermoregulation... 4) Eliminate W…
Dermatology
Stasis Dermatitis
Atopic Dermatitis
Contact Dermatitis
Diaper Dermatitis
Precursor to Leg Ulcers
Lichenification, Dennie Morgan Lines, Allergic Shiners, flexo…
"Unnatural" Pattern
Overhydration of Skin
Stasis Dermatitis
Precursor to Leg Ulcers
Atopic Dermatitis
Lichenification, Dennie Morgan Lines, Allergic Shiners, flexo…
261 terms
Dermatology
Macule
Patch
Papule
Plaque
circumscribed change in color <1cm
circumscribed change in color > 1cm
circumscribed change in texture <1cm descriptive modifiers, u…
Circumscribed change in texture >1cm
Macule
circumscribed change in color <1cm
Patch
circumscribed change in color > 1cm
215 terms
Dermatology
Sebhorreic keratoses
Stucco Keratoses
Dermatosis Papulosa Nigra
Cutaneous horns
Tan-brown-black stuck on appearance, Leser Trelat Sign (indic…
Barnacles. White-flesh colored stuck on papules
variant of SK on the face/neck of dark-skinned (removal cause…
Hard, conical projection of keratin (retained keratin on SK o…
Sebhorreic keratoses
Tan-brown-black stuck on appearance, Leser Trelat Sign (indic…
Stucco Keratoses
Barnacles. White-flesh colored stuck on papules
Dermatology
Bedbug Bites
Venous Stasis Ulcers
Beau Lines
Topical Steroids
Topical corticosteroids and oral antihistamines may provide s…
Compression therapy to minimize vascular hypertension and ede…
Beau lines are transverse linear depressions in nails that re…
High-potency topical corticosteroids cause thinning of the sk…
Bedbug Bites
Topical corticosteroids and oral antihistamines may provide s…
Venous Stasis Ulcers
Compression therapy to minimize vascular hypertension and ede…
Dermatology
moth eaten alopecia stadium II syfilis
mucosa plaque syfilis stadium II
mucosa plaque syfilis stadium II
onomkeerbaar weefsel verlies syfilis s…
moth eaten alopecia stadium II syfilis
mucosa plaque syfilis stadium II
242 terms
Dermatology
What is the atopic triad?
Raynaud phenomenon
How does the skin protect against UV r…
How does BCC present?
Asthma (wheezing) ... Eczema ... Rhinorrhea
Chronic episodic attacks of digital ischemia provoked by expo…
Melanin - the more melanin, the more protection and the less…
Most commonly presents as pearly erythematous papules or plaq…
What is the atopic triad?
Asthma (wheezing) ... Eczema ... Rhinorrhea
Raynaud phenomenon
Chronic episodic attacks of digital ischemia provoked by expo…
Dermatology
Tinea Corporus
Tinea capitus
Tinea cruris
Malignant melanoma
Scaling, sharply marginated plaques (psoriasiform). Single or…
Fungal infection of the scalp. Presents with noninflammatory…
Fungal infection of the upper thigh and groin, source of the…
Lethal form of skin cancer that develops from melanocytes; ch…
Tinea Corporus
Scaling, sharply marginated plaques (psoriasiform). Single or…
Tinea capitus
Fungal infection of the scalp. Presents with noninflammatory…
Dermatology
Macule
Patch
Papule
Wheal
-A circumscribed area of change in skin color without elevati…
- circumscribed area change in skin color that is flat, lesio…
-a small, cystic, or solid elevation... -lesion < 1.0 cm in diam…
-circumscribed, flat-topped, firm elevation of skin with a we…
Macule
-A circumscribed area of change in skin color without elevati…
Patch
- circumscribed area change in skin color that is flat, lesio…
16 terms
Dermatology
Macule
Papule
Nodule
Pustule
Flat discolouration < 5mm
Solid Elevation < 5mm
Solid elevation > 5mm
Pus filled lesion < 5mm
Macule
Flat discolouration < 5mm
Papule
Solid Elevation < 5mm
Dermatology
Linear Lesions... (configuration)
Annular Lesions... (configuration)
Nummular Lesions... (configuration)
Target (bull's-eye) Lesions... (configur…
Straight line... Examples: contact dermatitis (i.e. poison ivy)…
Rings with central clearing... Example: ring worm (tinea)
Circular or coin-shaped... Example: nummular eczema
Rings with central duskiness... Example: erythema multiforme, r…
Linear Lesions... (configuration)
Straight line... Examples: contact dermatitis (i.e. poison ivy)…
Annular Lesions... (configuration)
Rings with central clearing... Example: ring worm (tinea)
345 terms
Dermatology
Basal Cell Carcinoma
Topical Steroids Potency
Tinea Capitis
Tinea Barbae
Pearly and domed shaped nodules with telangiectatic vessels.…
1. Hydrocortisone - Low... 2. Mometasone - Medium... 3. Amcinonide…
Fungal infection of scalp.
Fungal infection of the beard.
Basal Cell Carcinoma
Pearly and domed shaped nodules with telangiectatic vessels.…
Topical Steroids Potency
1. Hydrocortisone - Low... 2. Mometasone - Medium... 3. Amcinonide…
Dermatology
Skin inspection and description of les…
Primary lesions
secondary lesions
macule
1. locations... 2. distribution... 3. grouping, arrangement... 4. shap…
Macule... patch... papule... nodule... plaque... Vesicle... Bulla... Pustule... Wheal…
lichenification... crusting... scaly... macerated... fissure... atrophy... exco…
flat, <10mm
Skin inspection and description of les…
1. locations... 2. distribution... 3. grouping, arrangement... 4. shap…
Primary lesions
Macule... patch... papule... nodule... plaque... Vesicle... Bulla... Pustule... Wheal…
Dermatology
Cherry Angioma
Hemangioma, Infantile
Port Wine Stain
Klippel Trenaunay Syndrome
VASCULAR TUMOR... 1-4 mm in size, truncal... bright red, smooth-to…
VASCULAR/CAPILLARY TUMOR... Benign endothelial cell neoplasm... St…
VASCULAR MALFORMATION... Present at birth... PERSIST THROUGH adulth…
Associated with Port Wine Stain in the leg, causing edema, ve…
Cherry Angioma
VASCULAR TUMOR... 1-4 mm in size, truncal... bright red, smooth-to…
Hemangioma, Infantile
VASCULAR/CAPILLARY TUMOR... Benign endothelial cell neoplasm... St…
52 terms
Dermatology
scabies
hands, wrists, genitalia, axillary are…
scabies
scarping - mineral oil before scraping…
infestation with Sarcoptes scabiei, an eight legged mite
distribution of scabies
lesions are pruruitic burrows, vesicles, or nodules with exco…
scabies diagnosing
scabies
infestation with Sarcoptes scabiei, an eight legged mite
hands, wrists, genitalia, axillary are…
distribution of scabies
23 terms
Dermatology
Pityriasis Rosea
Pityriasis Rosea pictures
Pityriasis Rosea on back- Christmas tr…
acne isotretinoin therapy
• Common acute self limited papulosquamous... eruption... • Clinica…
individual lesions can look like psoriasis or tinea... herald pa…
• Oral isotretinoin - treatment of choice of... severe inflammat…
Pityriasis Rosea
• Common acute self limited papulosquamous... eruption... • Clinica…
Pityriasis Rosea pictures
192 terms
DERMATOLOGY
DRUGS WITH PSOARIATIC PREPONDERANCE
FALSE KOEBNERS
USTEKINUMAB
SECUKINUMAB
LIBAS... LITHIUM, IBUPROFEN,BETA BLOCKER,ANTIMALARIALS, SALICYLA…
WARTS MOLLUSCUM
IL12/23 INHIBITOR
IL 17 INHIBITOR
DRUGS WITH PSOARIATIC PREPONDERANCE
LIBAS... LITHIUM, IBUPROFEN,BETA BLOCKER,ANTIMALARIALS, SALICYLA…
FALSE KOEBNERS
WARTS MOLLUSCUM
Dermatology
Dermatology Assessment: History
Types of Skin lesions
Dermatology Assessment: Physical Exam
Laboratory Tests in Dermatology
Onset—A/W heat, cold, exercise, exposures, travel, drugs, sea…
General appearance & VS: sick or toxic... Skin:... Type of lesion—m…
Dermatopathology... Direct microscopic examination (scale, skin,…
Dermatology Assessment: History
Onset—A/W heat, cold, exercise, exposures, travel, drugs, sea…
Types of Skin lesions
177 terms
Dermatology
contact dermatitis
irritant (contact dermatitis)
allergic (contact dermatitis)
poison ivy
generic term used to describe acute or chronic inflammatory r…
contact dermatitis caused by a chemical irritant; causes burn…
contact dermatitis caused by a cell-mediated hypersensitivity…
this allergic contact dermatitis causes linear vesicular lesi…
contact dermatitis
generic term used to describe acute or chronic inflammatory r…
irritant (contact dermatitis)
contact dermatitis caused by a chemical irritant; causes burn…
215 terms
Dermatology
Sebhorreic keratoses
Stucco Keratoses
Dermatosis Papulosa Nigra
Cutaneous horns
Tan-brown-black stuck on appearance, Leser Trelat Sign (indic…
Barnacles. White-flesh colored stuck on papules
variant of SK on the face/neck of dark-skinned (removal cause…
Hard, conical projection of keratin (retained keratin on SK o…
Sebhorreic keratoses
Tan-brown-black stuck on appearance, Leser Trelat Sign (indic…
Stucco Keratoses
Barnacles. White-flesh colored stuck on papules
Dermatology
Dishydrosis Eczema
What are triggers for dishydrosis ecze…
What are clinical manifestations (loca…
What is do the vesicles of dishydrosis…
AKA Pompholyx
Sweating, emotional stress, warm weather, metals
Pruritic tense vesicles on palms, soles, fingers, feet
Tapioca pudding
Dishydrosis Eczema
AKA Pompholyx
What are triggers for dishydrosis ecze…
Sweating, emotional stress, warm weather, metals
20 terms
dermatology
dermoid cyst
ERtyhema multiforme causes
Sick looking , cellulitis, extreme pai…
staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome
tx surgical... occur most commonly on or superior to the orbital…
Centripetal target like central necrosis lesions . HSV, Mycop…
necrotizing fasciitis ... (severe pain+ exquisite sensitivity +…
differentiated from bullous impetigo by the presence of syste…
dermoid cyst
tx surgical... occur most commonly on or superior to the orbital…
ERtyhema multiforme causes
Centripetal target like central necrosis lesions . HSV, Mycop…
69 terms
Dermatology
5 Layers of the Epidermis
Stratum Basale
Stratum Spinosum
Stratum Granulosom
Stratum Basale... Stratum Spinosum... Stratum granulosum ... Stratum L…
attached to the basement membrane via hemidesmosomes... cells ar…
stretched out or spiny cells... connected by glycoproteins, lipi…
Keratohyalin granules are extruded from the cells to form a b…
5 Layers of the Epidermis
Stratum Basale... Stratum Spinosum... Stratum granulosum ... Stratum L…
Stratum Basale
attached to the basement membrane via hemidesmosomes... cells ar…
92 terms
Dermatology
Seborrheic dermatitis
Pyogenic granuloma... Benign vascular tum…
Dermatofibroma
Steroid induced folliculitis... Note the…
A pt has greasy scales over their face... Dx?
This lesion grew rapidly over the past few weeks to become th…
A pt has this lesion over her foot where she was bit by a mos…
This pt has been on steroids for a SLE flare. Pustules on the…
Seborrheic dermatitis
A pt has greasy scales over their face... Dx?
Pyogenic granuloma... Benign vascular tum…
This lesion grew rapidly over the past few weeks to become th…
13 terms
Dermatology
Impetigo
Erysipelas
Cellulitis
Abscess
Very superficial skin infection... Highly contagious... Honey color…
Infection involving upper dermis and superficial lymphatics... W…
Acute, painful, spreading of infection of deeper dermis and s…
Collection of pus from a walled-off infection within deeper l…
Impetigo
Very superficial skin infection... Highly contagious... Honey color…
Erysipelas
Infection involving upper dermis and superficial lymphatics... W…
146 terms
Dermatology
Photoaging
Polymorphous Light Reaction
Porphyrias
Phototoxic Reaction
Photoaging
Polymorphous Light Reaction
76 terms
Dermatology
Pearly white skin-colored nodules with…
Bullous pemphigoid... Pathophysiology... Pr…
Pemphigus vulgarous... Pathophysiology... P…
Dermatitis herpetiformis... Description…
Molluscum contagiosum from poxvirus
Abs against hemidesmosomes... Bullous lesions
Abs to desmosomes... Flaccid lesions, potentially fatal acathol…
Pruritic papules, vesciles, and bullae often found on elbows.…
Pearly white skin-colored nodules with…
Molluscum contagiosum from poxvirus
Bullous pemphigoid... Pathophysiology... Pr…
Abs against hemidesmosomes... Bullous lesions
Dermatology
Urticaria
Urticaria (common types)
Acute Urticaria
Common Cause of Acute Urticaria
Composed of transient wheals that involve the dermis and subc…
Common Types... Acute... Chronic ... Physical Urticaria... Angioedema
Lasts < 6 weeks... Transient, edematous, red plaques vary in sha…
IgE Mediated - specific antigen sensitivity... Most common form…
Urticaria
Composed of transient wheals that involve the dermis and subc…
Urticaria (common types)
Common Types... Acute... Chronic ... Physical Urticaria... Angioedema
Dermatology
skin
lanugo
eccrine glands
axilla and genitalia
What is the largest and heaviest organ?
What is the fine downy hair that is present during gestation…
What type of glands are responsible for temperature regulation?
Where are the apocrine glands found?
skin
What is the largest and heaviest organ?
lanugo
What is the fine downy hair that is present during gestation…
22 terms
Dermatology
What is included in the Integument
Functions of the skin
what are the three layers of the skin?
What is the active layer of cell growth?
Nails, hair, sweat, glands, oil glands and nerve
protective, repels chemicals, gaurds against UV rays
Epidermis, dermis, hypodermis (subcutis)
Basal layer
What is included in the Integument
Nails, hair, sweat, glands, oil glands and nerve
Functions of the skin
protective, repels chemicals, gaurds against UV rays
158 terms
Dermatology
Epidermis, dermis, hypodermis
• Stratum corneum... • Stratum lucidum ... •…
Psoriasis
malignant melanoma
Three compartments of skin
Layers of epidermis (superficial to deep)
Hallmark: well defined white-red plaques... Proliferating cells…
Invasive tumor of melanocytes. Penetrate basal lamina and ent…
Epidermis, dermis, hypodermis
Three compartments of skin
• Stratum corneum... • Stratum lucidum ... •…
Layers of epidermis (superficial to deep)
Dermatology
eschar
basal cell carcinoma
alopecia
Bovie
thick crusty necrotic tissue from a 3rd degree burn
epidermal cancer
either total or partial baldness
electrocautery device used in surgery
eschar
thick crusty necrotic tissue from a 3rd degree burn
basal cell carcinoma
epidermal cancer
62 terms
Dermatology
Actinic keratosis
Tinea capitis
Atopic dermatitis/eczema
contact dermatitis
a cutaneous fungal infection (dermatophytosis) of the scalp
is a type of skin inflammation due to contact with certain al…
Actinic keratosis
Tinea capitis
a cutaneous fungal infection (dermatophytosis) of the scalp
315 terms
Dermatology
Macule
Macule
Macule
Nodule
Primary Skin Lesion
Primary Skin Lesion
Primary Skin Lesion
Primary Skin Lesion
Macule
Primary Skin Lesion
Macule
Primary Skin Lesion
61 terms
Dermatology
ACNE VULGARIS
ACNE CONGLOBATA
ROSACEA
HIDRADENITIS SUPPURATIVA
General:... •Follicular plugging, sebum retention, overgrowth of…
General:... •Rare and very ... severe form of acne ... •May be associa…
General:... •Chronic facial disorder with neurovascular componen…
General:... •Abscesses of apocrine glands of axilla, groin, butt…
ACNE VULGARIS
General:... •Follicular plugging, sebum retention, overgrowth of…
ACNE CONGLOBATA
General:... •Rare and very ... severe form of acne ... •May be associa…
69 terms
Dermatology
Dermatology Assessment: History
Types of Skin lesions
Dermatology Assessment: Physical Exam
Laboratory Tests in Dermatology
Onset—A/W heat, cold, exercise, exposures, travel, drugs, sea…
General appearance & VS: sick or toxic... Skin:... Type of lesion…
Dermatopathology... Direct microscopic examination (scale, skin…
Dermatology Assessment: History
Onset—A/W heat, cold, exercise, exposures, travel, drugs, sea…
Types of Skin lesions
Dermatology
Seborrheic Keratosis
Dermatosis Papulosa Nigra
Actinic Keratosis
Solar Lentigines
stuck on! dark lesions often with black specks
Morgan Friedman: papules, females more common, darker skin
farmer skin damage, crusty, rough to touch no pain
age spots, macules
Seborrheic Keratosis
stuck on! dark lesions often with black specks
Dermatosis Papulosa Nigra
Morgan Friedman: papules, females more common, darker skin
86 terms
Dermatology
Macule
Macule
- Flat non-palpable skin... -Recognizable…
-Large Macule... -Recognizable only by vi…
Macule
Patch
Macule
Macule
209 terms
Dermatology
Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever Presentat…
Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever
Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever Tx
Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever Labs
classic rash - small red spots (petechiae) that starts to eru…
Caused by the bite of a dog tick or wood tick that is infecte…
most effective if started w/in 1st 5 days of sxs.... - Doxycycl…
Diagnostic: antibody titers to R. rickettsii (by indirect flu…
Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever Presentat…
classic rash - small red spots (petechiae) that starts to eru…
Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever
Caused by the bite of a dog tick or wood tick that is infecte…
254 terms
Dermatology
What are the top four insurance claim…
True or False, both cats and dogs pres…
What are the four components essential…
Why is history so critical in a dermat…
1. Skin allergies... 2. Ear infection ... 3. Non cancerous skin mas…
False ... Dermatological issues are much more common in dogs v…
1. History... 2. PE & Dermatologic Exam... 3. Differential diagnosi…
Generally these issues have been going on for a long time - h…
What are the top four insurance claim…
1. Skin allergies... 2. Ear infection ... 3. Non cancerous skin mas…
True or False, both cats and dogs pres…
False ... Dermatological issues are much more common in dogs v…
67 terms
Dermatology
Seborrheic Keratosis
Dermatosis Papulosa Nigra
Stucco Keratoses
Acrochordons
"Stuck on" quality
SK variant... Do NOT freeze with liquid nitrogen
SK variant... small white/gray peppering on dorsal foot/ankle
Seborrheic Keratosis
"Stuck on" quality
Dermatosis Papulosa Nigra
SK variant... Do NOT freeze with liquid nitrogen
31 terms
Dermatology
Tinea Corporis
Tinea capitus
Tinea cruris
Malignant melanoma
Non-candidal fungal infection, usually acquired by direct con…
Non-candidal fungal infection, usually acquired by direct con…
Non-candidal fungal infection, usually acquired by direct con…
new or changed mole, assymetry, irregular border, different c…
Tinea Corporis
Non-candidal fungal infection, usually acquired by direct con…
Tinea capitus
Non-candidal fungal infection, usually acquired by direct con…
Dermatology
Epidermis
Dermis
Dermal Nerves and Vasculature
Primary Lesions
.05 mm to 1.5 mm... Keratinocytes --> insoluble proteins... Branche…
0.3 mm - 3.0 mm... Connective Tissue: Collagen, Elastin, Reticul…
Meissner's a Vater Pacini... Sensation of touch and temperature…
Maculae (<10) IE: freckle... Patch (>10) IE: cafe au lait... Papule…
Epidermis
.05 mm to 1.5 mm... Keratinocytes --> insoluble proteins... Branche…
Dermis
0.3 mm - 3.0 mm... Connective Tissue: Collagen, Elastin, Reticul…
34 terms
Dermatology
Anticonvulsants inducing hyperpigmenta…
Antimalarial agents inducing hyperpigm…
Antineoplastic agents inducing hyperpi…
Heavy metals inducing hyperpigmentation
Phenytoin... Phenobarbital... Carbamazepine
Chloroquine... Hydroxychloroquine
Cyclophosphamide... Daunorubicin... Doxorubicin... Fluorouracil... Busulfan
Gold compounds... Arsenic... Mercury... Silver... Bismuth
Anticonvulsants inducing hyperpigmenta…
Phenytoin... Phenobarbital... Carbamazepine
Antimalarial agents inducing hyperpigm…
Chloroquine... Hydroxychloroquine
49 terms
Dermatology
Epidermal Inclusion Cyst
Hemangioma
Dermatofibroma
Keloid
DDx: Pilar cyst (more common on scalp), Lipoma ( usually more…
Txt: If found in head and neck and are causing issues feeding…
DDx: nevus, dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans, melanoma. Txt: s…
DDx: usually apparent clinically but if no history of trauma…
Epidermal Inclusion Cyst
DDx: Pilar cyst (more common on scalp), Lipoma ( usually more…
Hemangioma
Txt: If found in head and neck and are causing issues feeding…
Dermatology
abras/o-
alopec/o-
aut/o-
bi/o-
scrape off
bald
self
life, living organsim
abras/o-
scrape off
alopec/o-
bald
162 terms
Dermatology
Malignant melanoma
Basal cell carcinoma
Impetigo... 2) GABHS or S. Aureus ... 3) H…
1) Nevus... 2) ... non-suspicious= nothin…
What is the leading cause of death due to skin disease?
Most common cutaneous neoplasm
Most common skin infection in children ... 1) what is it... 2) wha…
solid + palpable skin lesions with round or oval shape ... 1) w…
Malignant melanoma
What is the leading cause of death due to skin disease?
Basal cell carcinoma
Most common cutaneous neoplasm
23 terms
Dermatology
QAM
QD
QHS
QW
In the morning
Daily
Nightly
Weekly
QAM
In the morning
QD
Daily
50 terms
Dermatology
1. Acneiform Eruptions . . . . . . .
2. Dermatitis (Eczema) def + types:
3. Papulosquamous Diseases . .
4. Vesiculobullous Diseases . . .
1. Acne Vulgaris/Common Acne... 2. Perioral Dermatitis... 3. Rosacea
inflammation of the skin... 1. Asteatotic Dermatitis... 2. Atopic…
1. Lichen Planus... 2. Pityriasis Rosea... 3. Psoriasis
1. Bullous Pemphigoid... 2. Pemphigus Vulgaris... 3. Dermatitis Her…
1. Acneiform Eruptions . . . . . . .
1. Acne Vulgaris/Common Acne... 2. Perioral Dermatitis... 3. Rosacea
2. Dermatitis (Eczema) def + types:
inflammation of the skin... 1. Asteatotic Dermatitis... 2. Atopic…
34 terms
DERMATOLOGY
Abscess
Acne
Acne Vulgaris
Alopecia
Collection of pus under skin
Pimples
Severe acne
Bald
Abscess
Collection of pus under skin
Acne
Pimples
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