Study sets matching "determining usmle step"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "determining usmle step"

32 terms
Rate determining enzymes of metabolic processes first aid USMLE step 1
Rate determining enzyme of glycolysis
Rate determining enzyme of gluconeogen…
Rate determining enzyme of TCA cycle
Rate determining enzyme of glycogenoly…
Phosphofructokinase-1 (PFK-1)
Fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase
Isocitrate dehydrogenase
Glycogen phosphorylase
Rate determining enzyme of glycolysis
Phosphofructokinase-1 (PFK-1)
Rate determining enzyme of gluconeogen…
Fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase
32 terms
Rate determining enzymes of metabolic processes first aid USMLE step 1
Rate determining enzyme of glycolysis
Rate determining enzyme of gluconeogen…
Rate determining enzyme of TCA cycle
Rate determining enzyme of glycogenoly…
Phosphofructokinase-1 (PFK-1)
Fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase
Isocitrate dehydrogenase
Glycogen phosphorylase
Rate determining enzyme of glycolysis
Phosphofructokinase-1 (PFK-1)
Rate determining enzyme of gluconeogen…
Fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase
Rate determining enzymes of metabolic processes first aid USMLE step 1
Rate determining enzyme of glycolysis
Rate determining enzyme of gluconeogen…
Rate determining enzyme of TCA cycle
Rate determining enzyme of glycogenoly…
Phosphofructokinase-1 (PFK-1)
Fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase
Isocitrate dehydrogenase
Glycogen phosphorylase
Rate determining enzyme of glycolysis
Phosphofructokinase-1 (PFK-1)
Rate determining enzyme of gluconeogen…
Fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase
Rate determining enzymes of metabolic processes first aid USMLE step 1
Rate determining enzyme of glycolysis
Rate determining enzyme of gluconeogen…
Rate determining enzyme of TCA cycle
Rate determining enzyme of glycogenoly…
Phosphofructokinase-1 (PFK-1)
Fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase
Isocitrate dehydrogenase
Glycogen phosphorylase
Rate determining enzyme of glycolysis
Phosphofructokinase-1 (PFK-1)
Rate determining enzyme of gluconeogen…
Fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase
14 terms
USMLE: Biochem Rate Determining enzymes of metabolism
glycolysis
gluconeogenesis
TCA cycle
Glycogenesis
glucose-->pyruvate... rate determining enzyme: Phosphofructokin…
make glucose... RDS: Fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase
Pyruvate-->ETC... RDS: Isocitrate dehydrogenase
glycogen formation... RDS: glycogen phosphorylase
glycolysis
glucose-->pyruvate... rate determining enzyme: Phosphofructokin…
gluconeogenesis
make glucose... RDS: Fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase
158 terms
USMLE Step 1 Neurology
Hypothalamus functions
Posterior Pituitary + Hypothalamic Nuc…
Suprachiasmatic Nucleus
Lateral Area of Hypothalamus
TAN HATS... Thirst/water balance... Adenohypophysis control (ant.…
Supraoptic nucleus: makes ADH (Lesions can cause diabetes ins…
Works with the pineal gland to secrete melatonin to maintain…
Inhibited by Leptin... Controls the feeling of hunger... Destruct…
Hypothalamus functions
TAN HATS... Thirst/water balance... Adenohypophysis control (ant.…
Posterior Pituitary + Hypothalamic Nuc…
Supraoptic nucleus: makes ADH (Lesions can cause diabetes ins…
13 terms
USMLE - Biochemistry - Rate-Determining Enzymes
Glycolysis
Gluconeogenesis
TCA Cycle
Glycogenesis
Phosphofructokinase-1 (PFK-1)
Fructose-1,6-bisphosphate
Isocitrate dehydrogenase
Glycogen synthase
Glycolysis
Phosphofructokinase-1 (PFK-1)
Gluconeogenesis
Fructose-1,6-bisphosphate
870 terms
USMLE STEP 1 Pharmacology
What are the major functions of the α1…
What are the major functions of the α2…
What are the major functions of the β1…
What are the major functions of the β2…
Increase vascular smooth muscle contraction, increase pupilla…
Decrease sympathetic outflow, decrease insulin release, decre…
Increase heart rate, increase contractility, increase renin r…
Vasodilation, bronchodilation, increase lipolysis, increase i…
What are the major functions of the α1…
Increase vascular smooth muscle contraction, increase pupilla…
What are the major functions of the α2…
Decrease sympathetic outflow, decrease insulin release, decre…
1,048 terms
USMLE STEP 1 Microbiology
What is a special cellular component o…
What is the special component of bacte…
Where are the normal flora found? Cont…
Are there normal flora in the blood or…
Ergosterol ... A major sterol
Peptidoglycan
Location:... - found on body surfaces contiguous with outside en…
No... Sterile environment
What is a special cellular component o…
Ergosterol ... A major sterol
What is the special component of bacte…
Peptidoglycan
869 terms
USMLE STEP 1 Pharmacology
What are the major functions of the α1…
What are the major functions of the α2…
What are the major functions of the β1…
What are the major functions of the β2…
Increase vascular smooth muscle contraction, increase pupilla…
Decrease sympathetic outflow, decrease insulin release, decre…
Increase heart rate, increase contractility, increase renin r…
Vasodilation, bronchodilation, increase lipolysis, increase i…
What are the major functions of the α1…
Increase vascular smooth muscle contraction, increase pupilla…
What are the major functions of the α2…
Decrease sympathetic outflow, decrease insulin release, decre…
406 terms
Step 2 - USMLE WORLD
Adult splenectomy what vaccines
Diagnosis of intraamniotic infection
When are corticosteroids given
What is given to a baby with hypernatr…
YOu need to give meningococcal, PCV 13 HIB ... But you wantt o g…
RF is prolonged rupture of meembranes ... infecitons are often p…
to an infant at < 34 weeks
0.9 Saline for fluid resuscitation the sodium should be slowl…
Adult splenectomy what vaccines
YOu need to give meningococcal, PCV 13 HIB ... But you wantt o g…
Diagnosis of intraamniotic infection
RF is prolonged rupture of meembranes ... infecitons are often p…
204 terms
Biochemistry USMLE Step 1
Achondroplasia involves what defect?
Marfan's syndrome involves a mutation…
Nucleoside + phosphate= ?
Adenine and Guanine are in what type o…
Cell-signlaling defect of fibroblast growth factor (FGF) rece…
Fibrillin gene
Nucleotide
Purines
Achondroplasia involves what defect?
Cell-signlaling defect of fibroblast growth factor (FGF) rece…
Marfan's syndrome involves a mutation…
Fibrillin gene
42 terms
USMLE Step 2
MIBG scan used for?
9 yo F has a CXR that looks far worse…
Treatment for Mycoplasma pneumoniae?
5 yo M presents with signs of bacteria…
neuroblastoma & metastatic disease
Mycoplasma pneumoniae. ... CXR findings tend to appear much wors…
Macrolide e.g. azithromycin, erythromycin, of clarithromycin
Citrobacter koseri - accounts for most (80%) brain abscesses.…
MIBG scan used for?
neuroblastoma & metastatic disease
9 yo F has a CXR that looks far worse…
Mycoplasma pneumoniae. ... CXR findings tend to appear much wors…
275 terms
USMLE Step 2: Obstetrics
Define Gravidity
Define Parity
Define developmental age
Define gestational age
The number of times a woman has been pregnant
The number of times a pregnancy has led to a birth beyond 20…
Time since fertilization, in weeks and days. Usually unknown
Time since LMP
Define Gravidity
The number of times a woman has been pregnant
Define Parity
The number of times a pregnancy has led to a birth beyond 20…
353 terms
USMLE Step 2: Neurology
What are the four functions of Cranial…
What are the three main functions of t…
What are the functions of the facial n…
The glossopharyngeal nerve supplies ta…
Oculomotor Nerve:... Eye movement (Sup. Inf. Med. Rectus + Inf.…
Mastication... Facial sensation... Intracranial sensation... Lacrimation
Facial movement... Front 2/3 taste... Lacrimation... Salivation... Eyelid…
Sensation of oropharynx... Swallowing... Parotid gland (salivation)…
What are the four functions of Cranial…
Oculomotor Nerve:... Eye movement (Sup. Inf. Med. Rectus + Inf.…
What are the three main functions of t…
Mastication... Facial sensation... Intracranial sensation... Lacrimation
870 terms
USMLE STEP 1 Pharmacology
What are the major functions of the α1…
What are the major functions of the α2…
What are the major functions of the β1…
What are the major functions of the β2…
Increase vascular smooth muscle contraction, increase pupilla…
Decrease sympathetic outflow, decrease insulin release, decre…
Increase heart rate, increase contractility, increase renin r…
Vasodilation, bronchodilation, increase lipolysis, increase i…
What are the major functions of the α1…
Increase vascular smooth muscle contraction, increase pupilla…
What are the major functions of the α2…
Decrease sympathetic outflow, decrease insulin release, decre…
248 terms
USMLE Step 2 CV
Which part of ECG represents AV node c…
How long should P-R interval be
What things can cause QT prolongation
Which arrhythmia syndrome has shorter…
P-R interval
3-5 small squares (120-200 msec)
- HypoK, HypoCa, HypoMg... - TCA Overdose!!!... - Type Ia: Quinidin…
Wolffe-Parkinson-White syndrome
Which part of ECG represents AV node c…
P-R interval
How long should P-R interval be
3-5 small squares (120-200 msec)
55 terms
usmle step 2 review
Dominant front lobe lesion
MCA stroke
ACA stroke
PCA
- Broca Aphasia... - Contralateral hemiparesis ... Contralateral ap…
-Weakness or sensory loss on opposite side ... - homonymous hemi…
Personality/cognitive defect... urinary incon... leg more than arm…
Homonymous hemianopsia... paresis of vertical and horizontal eye…
Dominant front lobe lesion
- Broca Aphasia... - Contralateral hemiparesis ... Contralateral ap…
MCA stroke
-Weakness or sensory loss on opposite side ... - homonymous hemi…
2,000 terms
USMLE Step I Review
What is associated with: Starry sky pa…
Which organ most commonly recieves mets?
What is the most common testicular tum…
What is associated with: Auer's rods?
Burkitt's lymphoma
Adrenal gland (rich blood supply)
Yolk sac tumor, Seminoma
Acute myelocytic leukemia (AML)-M3
What is associated with: Starry sky pa…
Burkitt's lymphoma
Which organ most commonly recieves mets?
Adrenal gland (rich blood supply)
272 terms
USMLE Step 2: Pediatrics
In what two circumstances should child…
What are the three main risk factors f…
What are some of the medical symptoms…
What are the biggest two findings on *…
When the history and the physical findings do not match up (e…
Alcoholism/Drug use... Mentally retarded/handicapped child... Rep…
Apnea... Seizures... Feeding intolerance... Excessive irritability... Som…
Poor hygiene... Behavioural abnormalities
In what two circumstances should child…
When the history and the physical findings do not match up (e…
What are the three main risk factors f…
Alcoholism/Drug use... Mentally retarded/handicapped child... Rep…
236 terms
Immunology (USMLE Step 1)
Lymph node anatomy
Cytotoxic T cell response - from virus…
Lymph drainage
Peyer's patches
- derived from mesenchymal cells... - follicles: B cell pro…
- extreme cellular immune response (immunoCOMPETENT people)…
- Thoracic duct drains @ junction of left subclavian trunk +…
- Un-encapsulated lymphoid tissue... - *lamina propria / submuc…
Lymph node anatomy
- derived from mesenchymal cells... - follicles: B cell pro…
Cytotoxic T cell response - from virus…
- extreme cellular immune response (immunoCOMPETENT people)…
311 terms
USMLE Step 2: Gynecology
At what age does breast development (T…
At what age does first period (Menarch…
Which phase of the ovarian cycle is ty…
How long does the follicular phase usu…
8-11
10-16
Follicular phase
13 days
At what age does breast development (T…
8-11
At what age does first period (Menarch…
10-16
473 terms
USMLE step 2 CK
pregnant with active HBV
Beck's triad for tamponade
subarachnoid hemorrhage
coccidioidomycosis
tx newborn with HBIG and HBV vaccine
hypotension, JVD, muffled heart sounds (also pulsus paradoxus…
increased ADH and BNP --> hyponatremia. Tx - water restriction
SW US, central/south America. Pulm infection - dry cough, wei…
pregnant with active HBV
tx newborn with HBIG and HBV vaccine
Beck's triad for tamponade
hypotension, JVD, muffled heart sounds (also pulsus paradoxus…
USMLE STEP 1
Seronegative spondyloarthropathies
Psoriatic arthritis
"Pencil-in-cup" deformity on x-ray.
Ankylosing spondylitis
Psoriatic, Alkylosing, IDB-associated, Reactive
Joint pain and stiffness associated with psoriasis.... Asymmetr…
Psoriatic arthritis
Chronic inflammatory disease of spine and... sacroiliac joints…
Seronegative spondyloarthropathies
Psoriatic, Alkylosing, IDB-associated, Reactive
Psoriatic arthritis
Joint pain and stiffness associated with psoriasis.... Asymmetr…
522 terms
USMLE Step 3 Review
Tx of IBS
CCS, What test should you order for IBS?
Umbilical hernia in newborns is associ…
What three metabolic conditions do mos…
Best initial therapy: Fiber... If fiber fails: Antispasmodic/…
1. Stool: stool guiac, leukocytes, cultures, ova & parasites.…
Congenital hypothyroidism ... Screen with TSH (you should scree…
1. Phenylketonuria ... 2. Galactosemia ... 3. Hypothyroidism
Tx of IBS
Best initial therapy: Fiber... If fiber fails: Antispasmodic/…
CCS, What test should you order for IBS?
1. Stool: stool guiac, leukocytes, cultures, ova & parasites.…
1,011 terms
USMLE step 3
Clues to ischemic disease
PE findings for ischemic chest pain
MI: diagnostic testing: ... 1. first test…
Treatment for ACS:
dull pain... 15-30 minutes... occurs on exertion... substernal... radiate…
S3 (dilated LV)... S4 (hypertrophic LV)... holosystolic murmur (MR)…
1. EKG... 2. treat first... 3. ASA... 4. CK-MB, troponins, stress test…
Things that lower mortality: ... ASA-- instant platelet inhibito…
Clues to ischemic disease
dull pain... 15-30 minutes... occurs on exertion... substernal... radiate…
PE findings for ischemic chest pain
S3 (dilated LV)... S4 (hypertrophic LV)... holosystolic murmur (MR)…
308 terms
USMLE Step 2
Essential HTN
Secondary HTN most common cause? In yo…
BP classifications ... Normal:... Prehyperte…
Hypertensive urgency
(95% of cases)...no identifiable cause
Renal artery stenosis, in young women = OCPs
Normal: < or = 120/80... Prehypertension: > 120/80 but <140/90... S…
Severe HTN (>180, >120) in asymptomatic patient
Essential HTN
(95% of cases)...no identifiable cause
Secondary HTN most common cause? In yo…
Renal artery stenosis, in young women = OCPs
313 terms
MLK USMLE - Step1: Cardio
right coronary a perfuses
left coronary perfuses
coronary arteries fill during
most posterior part of the heart
SA, AV node... posterior descening branch--> inferior LV... (right…
LAD --> anterior LV... MOST COMMON SITE OF OCCLUSION... circumfle…
diastole
LA... enlargement --> dysphagia, hoarseness
right coronary a perfuses
SA, AV node... posterior descening branch--> inferior LV... (right…
left coronary perfuses
LAD --> anterior LV... MOST COMMON SITE OF OCCLUSION... circumfle…
367 terms
USMLE Step 2 CK
Colon cancer screening
Definition of Preeclampsia
Severe features of Preeclampsia
Most common places of Osteosarcoma in…
FOBT annually; or... Flexible sigmoidoscopy every 5y + FOBT ever…
New-onset hypertension (≥140 / ≥90) at ≥ 20 weeks... +... Proteinur…
BP ≥ 160 or ≥110 on 2 occasions (∆t ≥4h)... Thrombocytopenia < 1…
Metaphyses of long bones such as... distal femur... proximal tibia…
Colon cancer screening
FOBT annually; or... Flexible sigmoidoscopy every 5y + FOBT ever…
Definition of Preeclampsia
New-onset hypertension (≥140 / ≥90) at ≥ 20 weeks... +... Proteinur…
13 terms
USMLE: Rate-Determining Enzyme drill
PFK-1... +: AMP and fructose-2,6-biphosph…
Fructose-1,6-biphosphate... +: ATP and ac…
Isocitrate dehydrogenase... +: ADP... -: ATP…
Glycogen synthase... +: Glucose-6-phospha…
Glycolysis
Gluconeogenesis
Krebs cycle
Glycogenesis
PFK-1... +: AMP and fructose-2,6-biphosph…
Glycolysis
Fructose-1,6-biphosphate... +: ATP and ac…
Gluconeogenesis
21 terms
USMLE STEP 3- EKG
First Degree AV Block... - prolonged PR i…
Second Degree AV Block- Mobitz I/Wecke…
Second Degree AV Block- Mobits II/Non-…
Third Degree AV Block... - Complete heart…
First Degree AV Block... - prolonged PR i…
Second Degree AV Block- Mobitz I/Wecke…
USMLE STEP 1 Pharmacologytony_a_Martinez
What are the major functions of the α1…
What are the major functions of the α2…
What are the major functions of the β1…
What are the major functions of the β2…
Increase vascular smooth muscle contraction, increase pupilla…
Decrease sympathetic outflow, decrease insulin release, decre…
Increase heart rate, increase contractility, increase renin r…
Vasodilation, bronchodilation, increase lipolysis, increase i…
What are the major functions of the α1…
Increase vascular smooth muscle contraction, increase pupilla…
What are the major functions of the α2…
Decrease sympathetic outflow, decrease insulin release, decre…
105 terms
USMLE step 1 - associations
Rx for neutropenia that causes pulmona…
glucokinase defect
hereditary angioedema
uncoordinated esophageal spasm with an…
sargramostim (GM-CSF)
decreased glucose sensing --> decreased insulin secretion
C1 esterase inhibitor deficiency (ACE inhibitors counter-indi…
diffuse esophageal spasm
Rx for neutropenia that causes pulmona…
sargramostim (GM-CSF)
glucokinase defect
decreased glucose sensing --> decreased insulin secretion
USMLE Step 1
1. Tay-Sachs (AR)... 2. Niemann-Pick (AR)…
1. Dopamine-->NE (dopamine hydroxylase…
1. Liver disease... 2. Fe deficiency... 3. T…
1. Myelofibrosis... 2. Lesch-Nyhan syndrome
3 causes of cherry red spots in macula
Vitamin C: 3 reactions/functions
Target cells are seen in 4 conditions
Tear drop cells are seen in 2 conditions
1. Tay-Sachs (AR)... 2. Niemann-Pick (AR)…
3 causes of cherry red spots in macula
1. Dopamine-->NE (dopamine hydroxylase…
Vitamin C: 3 reactions/functions
1,452 terms
USMLE Step 1 Notes
Cavernous hemangioma risk?
Tryptophan --> what two pathways? 2 mn…
hyperosmotic volume CONTRACTION (losin…
primary polydipsia results in what flu…
bleeding
"tripped on his nice nads" B2, B6 cofactors ---> NAD+ ... and ... "…
SWEATING OR DI
expands both ICF ECF with decreased osmolarity
Cavernous hemangioma risk?
bleeding
Tryptophan --> what two pathways? 2 mn…
"tripped on his nice nads" B2, B6 cofactors ---> NAD+ ... and ... "…
198 terms
Radiology USMLE Step 2
NORMAL CHEST... • Spine seen through hear…
NORMAL LATERAL CHEST... • SWL: clear spac…
SPINE SIGN... • Spine appears whiter (mor…
ANTERIOR MEDIASTINAL ADENOPATHY... • A: R…
NORMAL CHEST... • Spine seen through hear…
NORMAL LATERAL CHEST... • SWL: clear spac…
38 terms
USMLE step 1 - mnemonics
causes of cardiac tamponade
causes of dilated cardiomyopathy
causes of microcytic hypochromic anemia
causes of acute pancreatitis
heART CUPS... aortic dissection (retrograde/Stanford type 1)... ru…
PumP DIET... pregnancy... post-viral... doxorubicin (irreversible)... id…
CLITS... chronic disease (late)... lead poisoning... iron deficiency…
GET SMASHED... gall stones... EtOH... trauma... steroids... mumps... autoimmun…
causes of cardiac tamponade
heART CUPS... aortic dissection (retrograde/Stanford type 1)... ru…
causes of dilated cardiomyopathy
PumP DIET... pregnancy... post-viral... doxorubicin (irreversible)... id…
100 terms
USMLE step 1 - immunology
what type of hypersensitivity reaction…
presentation of graft-vs-host disease
tetany, viral and fungal infections, c…
diarrhea, ear infections, pneumocystis…
type IV
diarrhea, hepatomegaly, jaundice, erythematous maculopapular…
DiGeorge syndrome, 22q11 mutation
SCID
what type of hypersensitivity reaction…
type IV
presentation of graft-vs-host disease
diarrhea, hepatomegaly, jaundice, erythematous maculopapular…
125 terms
USMLE step 1 - neuro
medial medulla
lateral medulla or pons
lateral medulla (only)
lateral pons (only)
ASA... • contra lower limb weakness (corticospinal)... • contra TP…
• vomiting, vertigo, nystagmus... • ipsi horner's (sympathetics)…
PICA... • contra body pain and temp (spinothalamic)... • hoarsenes…
AICA... • ipsi face droop, loos of lacrimation, salivation, tas…
medial medulla
ASA... • contra lower limb weakness (corticospinal)... • contra TP…
lateral medulla or pons
• vomiting, vertigo, nystagmus... • ipsi horner's (sympathetics)…
870 terms
USMLE STEP 1 Pharmacology
What are the major functions of the α1…
What are the major functions of the α2…
What are the major functions of the β1…
What are the major functions of the β2…
Increase vascular smooth muscle contraction, increase pupilla…
Decrease sympathetic outflow, decrease insulin release, decre…
Increase heart rate, increase contractility, increase renin r…
Vasodilation, bronchodilation, increase lipolysis, increase i…
What are the major functions of the α1…
Increase vascular smooth muscle contraction, increase pupilla…
What are the major functions of the α2…
Decrease sympathetic outflow, decrease insulin release, decre…
106 terms
USMLE Step 1 Mnemonics
Hardy Weinberg and Maggie May Do Not S…
Cell Cycle: ... D4-E2... A2-B1
Golgi Transport- COPI goes back to get…
Blotting- SNoW DRoP
No: Mutation, Migration, Drift, Non-Random Mating, Selection…
CyclinD binds CDK4 & CyclinE binds CDK2-> initiates S Phase (…
COPI- Retrograde... COPII- Anterograde
Southern- DNA... Northern- RNA... Western- Protein
Hardy Weinberg and Maggie May Do Not S…
No: Mutation, Migration, Drift, Non-Random Mating, Selection…
Cell Cycle: ... D4-E2... A2-B1
CyclinD binds CDK4 & CyclinE binds CDK2-> initiates S Phase (…
1,011 terms
Combine Usmle step 3
Clues to ischemic disease
PE findings for ischemic chest pain
MI: diagnostic testing: ... 1. first test…
Treatment for ACS:
dull pain... 15-30 minutes... occurs on exertion... substernal... radiate…
S3 (dilated LV)... S4 (hypertrophic LV)... holosystolic murmur (MR)…
1. EKG... 2. treat first... 3. ASA... 4. CK-MB, troponins, stress test…
Things that lower mortality: ... ASA-- instant platelet inhibito…
Clues to ischemic disease
dull pain... 15-30 minutes... occurs on exertion... substernal... radiate…
PE findings for ischemic chest pain
S3 (dilated LV)... S4 (hypertrophic LV)... holosystolic murmur (MR)…
39 terms
USMLE step 1 - neoplasias
protooncogenes with tyrosine kinase ge…
protooncogenes with transcription fact…
protooncogene with anti-apoptosis gene…
protooncogene with GTPase gene product
abl (CML)... erb (breast, ovarian, gastric ca)... ret (MEN2)
l-myc (lung cancer)... n-myc (neuroblastoma)... c-myc (Burkitt's ly…
bcl2 (lymphoma)
ras (colorectal cancer)
protooncogenes with tyrosine kinase ge…
abl (CML)... erb (breast, ovarian, gastric ca)... ret (MEN2)
protooncogenes with transcription fact…
l-myc (lung cancer)... n-myc (neuroblastoma)... c-myc (Burkitt's ly…
38 terms
USMLE step 1 - mnemonics
causes of cardiac tamponade
causes of dilated cardiomyopathy
causes of microcytic hypochromic anemia
causes of acute pancreatitis
heART CUPS... aortic dissection (retrograde/Stanford type 1)... ru…
PumP DIET... pregnancy... post-viral... doxorubicin (irreversible)... id…
CLITS... chronic disease (late)... lead poisoning... iron deficiency…
GET SMASHED... gall stones... EtOH... trauma... steroids... mumps... autoimmun…
causes of cardiac tamponade
heART CUPS... aortic dissection (retrograde/Stanford type 1)... ru…
causes of dilated cardiomyopathy
PumP DIET... pregnancy... post-viral... doxorubicin (irreversible)... id…
USMLE STEP 1 Pharmacologytony_a_Martinez
What are the major functions of the α1…
What are the major functions of the α2…
What are the major functions of the β1…
What are the major functions of the β2…
Increase vascular smooth muscle contraction, increase pupilla…
Decrease sympathetic outflow, decrease insulin release, decre…
Increase heart rate, increase contractility, increase renin r…
Vasodilation, bronchodilation, increase lipolysis, increase i…
What are the major functions of the α1…
Increase vascular smooth muscle contraction, increase pupilla…
What are the major functions of the α2…
Decrease sympathetic outflow, decrease insulin release, decre…
129 terms
USMLE STEP 1 - Nutrition
A... D... E... K
B1 (Thiamine, TPP)... B2... B3... B5... B6... B12... C (…
B12... Folate... Stored in liver
Dermatitis... Glossitis... Diarrhea
Fat soluble vitamins?
Water soluble vitamins?
What water soluble vitamins do not wash out easily from the b…
B-complex deficiencies: result in what?
A... D... E... K
Fat soluble vitamins?
B1 (Thiamine, TPP)... B2... B3... B5... B6... B12... C (…
Water soluble vitamins?
32 terms
USMLE step 1 - embryology
nerves and arteries associated with ph…
nerves and arteries associated with ph…
nerves and arteries associated with ph…
nerves and arteries associated with ph…
V-2, V-3... maxillary and external carotid arteries
VII... stapedial and hyoid arteries
IX... common and internal carotid arteries
X, superior laryngeal n.... subclavian artery and aortic arch
nerves and arteries associated with ph…
V-2, V-3... maxillary and external carotid arteries
nerves and arteries associated with ph…
VII... stapedial and hyoid arteries
USMLE Step 1 Antibiotics
Penicillin mechanism
penicillin use
penicillin toxicity
penicillinase resistant penicillins
binds to penicillin binding proteins in peptidoglycan (blocks…
gram positives and syphilis
hypersensitivity reactions, hemolytic anemia
methicillin, nafcillin, dicloxacillin
Penicillin mechanism
binds to penicillin binding proteins in peptidoglycan (blocks…
penicillin use
gram positives and syphilis
1,048 terms
USMLE STEP 1 Microbiology
What is a special cellular component o…
What is the special component of bacte…
Where are the normal flora found? Cont…
Are there normal flora in the blood or…
Ergosterol ... A major sterol
Peptidoglycan
Location:... - found on body surfaces contiguous with outside en…
No... Sterile environment
What is a special cellular component o…
Ergosterol ... A major sterol
What is the special component of bacte…
Peptidoglycan
1,048 terms
USMLE STEP 1 Microbiology
What is a special cellular component o…
What is the special component of bacte…
Where are the normal flora found? Cont…
Are there normal flora in the blood or…
Ergosterol ... A major sterol
Peptidoglycan
Location:... - found on body surfaces contiguous with outside en…
No... Sterile environment
What is a special cellular component o…
Ergosterol ... A major sterol
What is the special component of bacte…
Peptidoglycan
1 of 10