Study sets matching "developmental psychology chapter 5"

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Study sets matching "developmental psychology chapter 5"

35 terms
Chapter 5 Developmental Psychology
Milestones in Infancy
Breast Feeding vs. Bottle Feeding:
Benefits of Breast Feeding
Brain Development
Rapid changes in: ... ◦Body shape and composition.... ◦Distribution…
◦Human milk is the ideal food for infants up to 6 months of a…
◦Protection against disease.... ◦Less risk for allergic reaction…
◦More active than an adult's brain. ... ◦¼ of its adult weight.…
Milestones in Infancy
Rapid changes in: ... ◦Body shape and composition.... ◦Distribution…
Breast Feeding vs. Bottle Feeding:
◦Human milk is the ideal food for infants up to 6 months of a…
Developmental Psychology (Chapter 5)
by 4 months
by age 1
Head sparing
Norms
Infants usually double their birth weight
infants usually triple weight
protects the brain when the body experiences malnutrition (sp…
average or standard for a particular population
by 4 months
Infants usually double their birth weight
by age 1
infants usually triple weight
95 terms
Developmental Psychology chapter 5
Piagets first Stage
sensorimotor stage
schemes
Dropping Scheme
sensorimotor stage
spans the first two years of life. Piaget believed that infan…
specific psychological structures, organized ways of making s…
Timmy dropped objects in a fairly rigid way, by 18 months his…
Piagets first Stage
sensorimotor stage
sensorimotor stage
spans the first two years of life. Piaget believed that infan…
Chapter 5: Developmental Psychology
Developmental Psychology
Zygote
Embryo
Inner Cell Mass
The study of how the mind and behavior progress as an individ…
A fertilized egg.
An early developing individual, typically a sphere of dividin…
A clump of cells inside a mammalian embryo that will form the…
Developmental Psychology
The study of how the mind and behavior progress as an individ…
Zygote
A fertilized egg.
chapter 5 developmental psychology
dynamic systems theory
rooting reflex
sucking reflex
Moro reflex
a theory proposed by Esther Thelen that seeks to explain how…
a newborn's built-in reaction that occurs when the infant's c…
a newborn's reaction of sucking an object placed in it's mout…
a startle response that occurs in reaction to a sudden, inten…
dynamic systems theory
a theory proposed by Esther Thelen that seeks to explain how…
rooting reflex
a newborn's built-in reaction that occurs when the infant's c…
23 terms
Chapter 5 - Developmental Psychology
____ increases and then peaks at the e…
Toddlers typically sleep about ____ pe…
A major achievement in early toddlerho…
Most toddlers are potty trained by ____
synaptic density
12-13 hours
walk without support
the end of toddlerhood
____ increases and then peaks at the e…
synaptic density
Toddlers typically sleep about ____ pe…
12-13 hours
9 terms
Developmental Psychology Chapter 5
Menopause
Generativity
Stagnation
Decremental model of aging
The biological event in which a woman's production of sex hor…
The desire, in middle age, to use on'e accumulated wisdom to…
A discontinuation of development and a desire to recapture th…
Idea that progressive physical and mental decline are inevita…
Menopause
The biological event in which a woman's production of sex hor…
Generativity
The desire, in middle age, to use on'e accumulated wisdom to…
34 terms
Developmental Psychology Chapter 5
Cephalocaudal development
Proximodistal development
skeletal age
Brain Growth Spurt
a sequence of physical maturation and growth that proceeds fr…
A sequence of physical maturation and growth that proceeds fr…
a measure of physical maturation based on the child's level o…
The period between the 7th prenatal month and 2 years of age…
Cephalocaudal development
a sequence of physical maturation and growth that proceeds fr…
Proximodistal development
A sequence of physical maturation and growth that proceeds fr…
50 terms
Developmental Psychology Chapter 5
by 4 months
by age 1
Head sparing
Norms
Infants usually double their birth weight
infants usually triple weight
protects the brain when the body experiences malnutrition (sp…
average or standard for a particular population
by 4 months
Infants usually double their birth weight
by age 1
infants usually triple weight
40 terms
Developmental Psychology Chapter 5
Visual Impairment
Auditory Impairment
Speech Impairment
Stuttering
Difficulty in seeing that can include blindness or partial si…
A special need that involves the loss of hearing or some aspe…
Speech that deviated so much from the speech of others that i…
Substantial disruption in the rhythm and fluency of speech; t…
Visual Impairment
Difficulty in seeing that can include blindness or partial si…
Auditory Impairment
A special need that involves the loss of hearing or some aspe…
Developmental Psychology Chapter 5
kwashiorkor
micronutrients
Synaptic density
Synaptic pruning
protein deficiency in childhood, leading to symptoms such as…
dietary ingredients essential to optimal physical growth, inc…
Density of synapses among neurons in the brain, peaks around…
Process of reducing number of connections between neurons so…
kwashiorkor
protein deficiency in childhood, leading to symptoms such as…
micronutrients
dietary ingredients essential to optimal physical growth, inc…
14 terms
Chapter 5: Developmental Psychology
Vgyotsky Theory
Zone of proximal development
Vgyotsky's points
Piaget's points
emphasized that children actively construct their knowledge a…
The range of tasks that are too difficult for the child to ma…
-strong emphasis... -social constructivist... -no stages... -language…
-little emphasis... -cognitive constructivist ... -stages... -language…
Vgyotsky Theory
emphasized that children actively construct their knowledge a…
Zone of proximal development
The range of tasks that are too difficult for the child to ma…
32 terms
Developmental Psychology Chapter 5
cognitive development
sensorimotor(birth to age 2)
simple reflexes
first habits and primary circular reac…
growth and change in intellectual capabilities, and correspon…
constructs an understanding of the world based on coordinatin…
(first month of life). the baby interacts physically through…
(1-4months.) the infant had begun to learn to behave in parti…
cognitive development
growth and change in intellectual capabilities, and correspon…
sensorimotor(birth to age 2)
constructs an understanding of the world based on coordinatin…
36 terms
Developmental Psychology: Chapter 5
early childhood
middle childhood
frontal lobes
gross motor skills
The first phase of childhood, lasting from age 3 through kind…
The second phase of childhood, covering the elementary school…
The area at the uppermost front of the brain, responsible for…
Physical abilities that involve large muscle movements, such…
early childhood
The first phase of childhood, lasting from age 3 through kind…
middle childhood
The second phase of childhood, covering the elementary school…
Developmental Psychology Chapter 5
percentile
head-sparing
neurons
cortex
a point on a ranking scale
a biological mechanism that protects the brain when malnutrit…
billions of nerve cells in the CNS
outer layers of the brain in humans
percentile
a point on a ranking scale
head-sparing
a biological mechanism that protects the brain when malnutrit…
18 terms
Developmental psychology chapter 5
Sensation
Perception
Preferential looking technique
Visual Acuity
the processing of basic information from the external world b…
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory information
a method for studying visual attention in infants that involv…
the sharpness of visual discrimination
Sensation
the processing of basic information from the external world b…
Perception
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory information
48 terms
Developmental Psychology Chapter 5
Celiac Disease
Catch-Up Growth
Endocrine Glands
Pituitary Gland
Inherited digestive problem in which gluten triggers an immun…
What is physical growth that returns to its genetically deter…
Secrete hormones discretely into the blood stream.
Master gland located at the base of the brain.
Celiac Disease
Inherited digestive problem in which gluten triggers an immun…
Catch-Up Growth
What is physical growth that returns to its genetically deter…
Chapter 5 Developmental Psychology
Developmental Psychology
Nature and Nurture
Continuity and Stages
Stability and change
examines our physical, cognitive, and social development acro…
How does our genetic inheritance interact with our experience…
What parts of development are gradual and continuous? What pa…
Which of out traits persist through life? How do we change as…
Developmental Psychology
examines our physical, cognitive, and social development acro…
Nature and Nurture
How does our genetic inheritance interact with our experience…
170 terms
Chapter 5-Developmental Psychology
Developmental psych's major issues
nature and nurture
continuity and stages
stability and change
nature and nurture... continuity and stages... stability and change
how does our genetic heritage (nature) interact with our expe…
what parts of our development are gradual and continuous vs.…
which traits persist through life vs. how do we change at we…
Developmental psych's major issues
nature and nurture... continuity and stages... stability and change
nature and nurture
how does our genetic heritage (nature) interact with our expe…
49 terms
chapter 5 developmental psychology
Developmental psychology
Grasping reflex
Rooting reflex
maturation
The study of changes that occur as an individual matures.
An infants clinging response to a touch on the palm of his or…
an infants response in turning toward the source of touching…
The internally programed growth of a child.
Developmental psychology
The study of changes that occur as an individual matures.
Grasping reflex
An infants clinging response to a touch on the palm of his or…
Chapter 5: Developmental Psychology
Developmental Psychology
Prenatal stages
Germinal stage
Embryonic stage
the study of changes across the life span
germinal, embryonic, fetal
zygote; first 2 weeks; rapid cell division, attach to uterine…
embryo; weeks 3-8; heart beat-3 weeks, spontaneous movement-6…
Developmental Psychology
the study of changes across the life span
Prenatal stages
germinal, embryonic, fetal
95 terms
Chapter 5- Developmental Psychology
developmental psychology
conception
zygote
embryo
a branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, and…
the few sperm that reach the egg release digestive enzymes th…
fertilized egg; from conception until 2 weeks after fertiliza…
zygote's inner cells; the developing human organism from 2 we…
developmental psychology
a branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, and…
conception
the few sperm that reach the egg release digestive enzymes th…
21 terms
Chapter 5 developmental psychology
behaviorist approach
psychometric approach
piagetian approach
cognitive neuroscience approach
approach to the study of cognitive development that is concer…
approach to the study of cognitive development that seeks to…
approach to the study of cognitive development that describes…
approach to the study of cognitive development that links bra…
behaviorist approach
approach to the study of cognitive development that is concer…
psychometric approach
approach to the study of cognitive development that seeks to…
chapter 5 developmental psychology
Developmental psychology
Grasping reflex
Rooting reflex
maturation
The study of changes that occur as an individual matures.
An infants clinging response to a touch on the palm of his or…
an infants response in turning toward the source of touching…
The internally programed growth of a child.
Developmental psychology
The study of changes that occur as an individual matures.
Grasping reflex
An infants clinging response to a touch on the palm of his or…
63 terms
Chapter 5: Developmental Psychology
In an effort to prevent participants i…
2 yr old Anna perceives her parents as…
Erikson suggested that the adolescent…
When researcher Karen Wynn showed 5- m…
deceive participants about the true purpose of an experiment
insecure attachment
intimacy
stared longer at the outcome
In an effort to prevent participants i…
deceive participants about the true purpose of an experiment
2 yr old Anna perceives her parents as…
insecure attachment
88 terms
Developmental Psychology Chapter 5
Genetics
Nutrition
Environmental Factors of cognitive dev…
What is obesity strongly correlated wi…
Play role in how tall, but also obesity and cognitive develop…
Another contribution to tallness, obesity and cognitive devel…
divorce, death in family, poverty
Television viewing
Genetics
Play role in how tall, but also obesity and cognitive develop…
Nutrition
Another contribution to tallness, obesity and cognitive devel…
Chapter 5: Developmental Psychology
Developmental psychology
Zygote
Embryo
Inner cell mass
The study of how the mind and behavior progresses as the indi…
Fertilized egg
Early developing individual, typically a sphere of diving cells
Clump of cells inside mammalian embryo will form the body
Developmental psychology
The study of how the mind and behavior progresses as the indi…
Zygote
Fertilized egg
Developmental Psychology: Chapter 5
Special Mindreading Skills
Frontal Lobes
Motor Talents
Childhood Obesity
The core of human achievement: the ability to put ourselves i…
The part of the brain responsible for reasoning and thinking…
Gross motor skills are large muscle movements, like running a…
A BMI at or above the 95th percentile compared to the U.S. no…
Special Mindreading Skills
The core of human achievement: the ability to put ourselves i…
Frontal Lobes
The part of the brain responsible for reasoning and thinking…
31 terms
developmental psychology - chapter 5
nightmares
night terrors
sleepwalking
lateralization
vivid, frightening dreams occurring toward morning, that usua…
a byproduct of wakening too rapidly from deep sleep, in which…
when children are in deep sleep and do not awaken but get out…
certain cognitive functions are located on one side of the br…
nightmares
vivid, frightening dreams occurring toward morning, that usua…
night terrors
a byproduct of wakening too rapidly from deep sleep, in which…
35 terms
Chapter 5: Developmental Psychology
developmental psychology
zygote
embryo
fetus
a branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, and…
an fertilized egg; it enters a 2-week period of rapid cell di…
the developing human organism from about 2 weeks after fertil…
the developing human organism from 9 weeks after conception t…
developmental psychology
a branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, and…
zygote
an fertilized egg; it enters a 2-week period of rapid cell di…
Developmental Psychology Chapter 5
Cephalocaudal Pattern
Proximodistal Pattern
Reflexes
Rooting Reflex
Earliest growth always occurs at the top of the head with phy…
Growth starts at the center of the body and moves toward the…
Allow infants to respond adaptively to their environment befo…
Infant's cheek is stroked or side of mouth is touched. In res…
Cephalocaudal Pattern
Earliest growth always occurs at the top of the head with phy…
Proximodistal Pattern
Growth starts at the center of the body and moves toward the…
Developmental Psychology Chapter 5
Developmental Psychology
Newborns
Gazing behavior
Cognitive Development
The branch of psychology that studies how people are continua…
Arrives with automatic reflex responses that support survival…
Researchers use the amount of time a baby spends looking at a…
The study of the processes and products of the mind as they e…
Developmental Psychology
The branch of psychology that studies how people are continua…
Newborns
Arrives with automatic reflex responses that support survival…
35 terms
Developmental Psychology Chapter 5
neuron
cortex
prefrontal cortex
axon
on of billions of nerve cells in the central nervous system,…
the outer layers of the brain in humans and other mammals. mo…
the area of the cortex at the very front of the brain that sp…
a fiber that extends from a neuron and transmits electrochemi…
neuron
on of billions of nerve cells in the central nervous system,…
cortex
the outer layers of the brain in humans and other mammals. mo…
25 terms
Developmental Psychology - Chapter 5
Animism
Balanced Bilingual
Centration
Conservation
the belief that natural objects and phenomena are alive
a person who is fluent in two languages, not favoring one ove…
a characteristic of preoperational thought whereby a young ch…
the principle that the amount of a substance remains the same…
Animism
the belief that natural objects and phenomena are alive
Balanced Bilingual
a person who is fluent in two languages, not favoring one ove…
Chapter 5 Developmental Psychology
Developmental Psychology
Grasping Reflex
Rooting Reflex
Maturation
the study of changes that occur as an individual matures
an infants clinging response to a touch on the palm of his or…
an infant's response in turning towards the source of touchin…
the internally programmed growth of a child
Developmental Psychology
the study of changes that occur as an individual matures
Grasping Reflex
an infants clinging response to a touch on the palm of his or…
80 terms
Chapter 5: Developmental Psychology
Zygote
Embryo
Fetus
Teratogens
the fertilised egg; it enters the two-week period of rapid ce…
the developing human organism from about two weeks after fert…
the developing human organism from 9 weeks after conception t…
agents, such as chemicals and viruses, that can reach the emb…
Zygote
the fertilised egg; it enters the two-week period of rapid ce…
Embryo
the developing human organism from about two weeks after fert…
29 terms
Developmental Psychology Chapter 5
Just Right Phenomenon
Corpus Callosum
Lateralization
Prefrontal Cortex
eating only certain foods, prepared and presented in a partic…
One part of the brain that grows and myelinates rapidly durin…
Literally, sidedness, referring... to the specialization in cer…
Maturation of the prefrontal cortex ... gradually enables child…
Just Right Phenomenon
eating only certain foods, prepared and presented in a partic…
Corpus Callosum
One part of the brain that grows and myelinates rapidly durin…
Chapter 5 - Developmental Psychology
During prenatal development, what does…
What is a zygote
What is a embryo?
What is a fetus?
A dorsal tubular structure in the vertebrate embryo that deve…
a cell fertilized by the union of the ovum (i.e., egg cell),…
the first stage of development of the zygote as the fertilize…
takes form at the start of the 11th week of the gestation per…
During prenatal development, what does…
A dorsal tubular structure in the vertebrate embryo that deve…
What is a zygote
a cell fertilized by the union of the ovum (i.e., egg cell),…
29 terms
Developmental Psychology Chapter 5
sensation
perception
preferential looking technique
visual acuity
the processing of basic information from the external world b…
the process or organizing and interpreting sensory information
a method for studying visual attention in infants that involv…
how clearly one can see
sensation
the processing of basic information from the external world b…
perception
the process or organizing and interpreting sensory information
47 terms
Developmental Psychology Chapter 5 Vocabulary
accommodation
adaptation
assimilation
autobiographical memory
period of adaptation in which new schemes are created and old…
process of building schemes through direct interaction with t…
that part of adaptation in which the external world is interp…
lung lasting recollections of personally meaningful one time…
accommodation
period of adaptation in which new schemes are created and old…
adaptation
process of building schemes through direct interaction with t…
Developmental Psychology Chapter 5
Piaget's Sensorimotor Stage
schemes
accommodation
organization
spans the first two years of life. The belief that infants an…
specific psychological structures-organized ways of making se…
we create new schemes or adjust old ones after noticing that…
a process that takes place internally, apart from direct cont…
Piaget's Sensorimotor Stage
spans the first two years of life. The belief that infants an…
schemes
specific psychological structures-organized ways of making se…
Developmental Psychology Chapter 5
Sensation
Perception
Preferential-looking technique
Perceptual constancy
Processing of basic info from external world by sensory recep…
Process of organizing and interpreting sensory info
Technique for studying visual attention in infants. First bre…
The perception of objects as being constant size, shape, in s…
Sensation
Processing of basic info from external world by sensory recep…
Perception
Process of organizing and interpreting sensory info
25 terms
Developmental Psychology Chapter 5
Most children will have all of their b…
The experimental apparatus that gives…
After seeing an adult give a drink of…
Studies have found that so-called "bra…
2 years
visual cliff
generalized
have a short-term positive effect on intelligence, when an ef…
Most children will have all of their b…
2 years
The experimental apparatus that gives…
visual cliff
Developmental Psychology Chapter 5
Knee Child
2.5 feet
2.8 feet
3.1 feet
Anthropologist Margaret Mead described change from infancy to…
1st year height
2nd year heigh
3rd year height
Knee Child
Anthropologist Margaret Mead described change from infancy to…
2.5 feet
1st year height
34 terms
Developmental Psychology - Chapter 5
Perception
Instinct Blindness
Fatigued, Elderly
Social Information
Allows us to behave sensibly (using senses) in the world with…
Our inability to appreciate the complexity of our mental proc…
Some research suggests that people will judge hills to be ste…
An infant's interests are adaptive: Very young infants will o…
Perception
Allows us to behave sensibly (using senses) in the world with…
Instinct Blindness
Our inability to appreciate the complexity of our mental proc…
44 terms
Developmental psychology chapter 5
Behaviorist approach
Psychometric approach
Piagetian approach
Information processing approach
Approach to the study of cognitive development that is concer…
Approach to the study of cognitive development that seeks to…
Approach to the study of cognitive development that describes…
Approach to the study of cognitive development that analyzes…
Behaviorist approach
Approach to the study of cognitive development that is concer…
Psychometric approach
Approach to the study of cognitive development that seeks to…
28 terms
Developmental Psychology Chapter 5
schemes
assimilation
accommodation
sensorimotor stage
organized patterns of functioning that adapt and change with…
the process by which people understand an experience in terms…
changes in existing ways of thinking that occur in response t…
Piaget's initial major stage of cognitive development, which…
schemes
organized patterns of functioning that adapt and change with…
assimilation
the process by which people understand an experience in terms…
37 terms
Developmental Psychology Chapter 5
early childhood
middle childhood
frontal lobes
mean length of utterance (MLU)
the first phase of childhood, lasting from age 3 to 5.
the second phase of childhood, covering the elementary school…
the area at the uppermost front of the brain, responsible for…
The average number of morphemes per sentence. (p.163)
early childhood
the first phase of childhood, lasting from age 3 to 5.
middle childhood
the second phase of childhood, covering the elementary school…
Developmental Psychology - Chapter 5
sensation
perception
habituation studies
dishabituation
physical stimulation of the sense organs
mental process of sorting out, interpreting, analyzing, and i…
as you get used to something, you pay less attention to it; p…
bring out something new and capture their attention
sensation
physical stimulation of the sense organs
perception
mental process of sorting out, interpreting, analyzing, and i…
Chapter 5--Developmental Psychology
developmental psychology
newborns
survival (newborns)
gazing behavior
the branch of psychology that studies how people are continua…
arrive with automatic reflex responses that support survival:…
searches (and shows preference) for sights and sounds linked…
researchers use amount of time a baby spends looking at an ob…
developmental psychology
the branch of psychology that studies how people are continua…
newborns
arrive with automatic reflex responses that support survival:…
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