Study sets matching "developmental psychology chapter 8"

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Study sets matching "developmental psychology chapter 8"

34 terms
Developmental Psychology: Chapter 8
Intelligence
Binet Test
Intelligence quotient
Intelligence bell curve
Ability to solve problems. Capacity to adapt and learn from e…
Core of intelligence consists of complex cognitive processes.…
mental age/ by chronological age x 100
Intelligence
Ability to solve problems. Capacity to adapt and learn from e…
Binet Test
Core of intelligence consists of complex cognitive processes.…
Developmental Psychology Chapter 8
social contract
conventional level
instrumental orientation
obedience orientation
moral reasoning based on belief that laws are for the good of…
moral reasoning based on society's norms
moral reasoning based on the aim of looking out for one's needs
moral reasoning based on the belief that adults know what is…
social contract
moral reasoning based on belief that laws are for the good of…
conventional level
moral reasoning based on society's norms
25 terms
Chapter 8 - Developmental Psychology
___ is the biological changes that lea…
___ sex characteristics involve other…
__ begin puberty about ___ than boys
The average of menarche is __ in indus…
Puberty
Secondary
Girls... two years earlier
lowest... 12... highest... 15
___ is the biological changes that lea…
Puberty
___ sex characteristics involve other…
Secondary
Developmental Psychology- chapter 8
Self-understanding
Moral development-
heteronomous morality
Autonomous morality
the child's cognitive representation of self, the substance a…
Development that involves thoughts, feelings, and behaviors r…
the first stage of moral development in Piaget's theory, occu…
n Piaget's theory, older children (10+ y/o) become aware that…
Self-understanding
the child's cognitive representation of self, the substance a…
Moral development-
Development that involves thoughts, feelings, and behaviors r…
30 terms
Lifespan Developmental Psychology Chapter 8
Memory and Information Processing
Information processing approach (brain…
Processes involved in memory
Different types of memories
Piaget: one, single comprehensive theory on development of th…
Input-->Brain-->Output (response, response time, accuracy)... Su…
1) Encoding--register information... 2) Maintenance--keep inform…
Explicit vs. Implicit
Memory and Information Processing
Piaget: one, single comprehensive theory on development of th…
Information processing approach (brain…
Input-->Brain-->Output (response, response time, accuracy)... Su…
16 terms
Developmental Psychology: Chapter 8
puberty
puberty right
secular trend in puberty
menarche
The hormonal and physical changes by which children become se…
A "coming of age" ritual, usually beginning at some event suc…
A century-long decline in the average age at which children r…
A girl's first mentration
puberty
The hormonal and physical changes by which children become se…
puberty right
A "coming of age" ritual, usually beginning at some event suc…
Developmental Psychology Chapter 8
myelination
corpus callosum
lateralization
impulse control
a fatty coating on the axons that speeds signals between neur…
thick band of nerve fibers that connects the left and right s…
sideness (left and right sides of body)
the ability to postpone or deny the immediate response to an…
myelination
a fatty coating on the axons that speeds signals between neur…
corpus callosum
thick band of nerve fibers that connects the left and right s…
15 terms
Developmental Psychology Chapter 8
mental age
Bayley scale of infant development
WISC and WAIS
fluid intelligence
a way to compare a child's level of intellectual functioning…
standardized tests that compare infants' functioning with age…
prove and overall IQ score, with several subscore areas such…
refers to underlying capacity to think logically and analyze…
mental age
a way to compare a child's level of intellectual functioning…
Bayley scale of infant development
standardized tests that compare infants' functioning with age…
20 terms
Chapter 8: Developmental Psychology
Corpus colosseum
Amygdala
Hormones
hHypothalmus
process infromation
emotions
powerful chemical substances secreted by the endocrine glands…
eating and sex
Corpus colosseum
process infromation
Amygdala
emotions
26 terms
Chapter 8 Developmental Psychology
Initiative vs. Guilt
Self Concept
Self Esteem
Effortful Control
Eriksons theory:... Initiative: children have new sense of purpo…
the set of attributes, abilities, attitudes, and values that…
the judgments we make about our own worth and the feelings as…
in particular, inhibiting impulses and shifting attention - i…
Initiative vs. Guilt
Eriksons theory:... Initiative: children have new sense of purpo…
Self Concept
the set of attributes, abilities, attitudes, and values that…
Developmental Psychology Chapter 8
aggressive-rejected
bully-victim
bullying
child culture
Rejected by peers because of antagonistic, confrontational be…
Someone who attacks others and who is attacked as well. (Also…
Repeated, systematic efforts to inflict harm through physical…
The particular habits, styles, and values that reflect the se…
aggressive-rejected
Rejected by peers because of antagonistic, confrontational be…
bully-victim
Someone who attacks others and who is attacked as well. (Also…
22 terms
Developmental Psychology Chapter 8
myelination
corpus callosum
lateralization
impulse control
the process by which axons become coated with myelin, a fatty…
a long, thick band of nerve fibers that connects the left and…
literally sidedness, referring to the specialization in certa…
the ability to postpone or deny the immediate response to an…
myelination
the process by which axons become coated with myelin, a fatty…
corpus callosum
a long, thick band of nerve fibers that connects the left and…
39 terms
Developmental Psychology Chapter 8
Retrograde Amnesia
Memory
Information- Processing Approach
encode
loss of memory for events that occurred before the onset of a…
The persistence of learning over time through the storage and…
model of memory that assumes the processing of information fo…
Take spoken sounds and "encode" them as written words.
Retrograde Amnesia
loss of memory for events that occurred before the onset of a…
Memory
The persistence of learning over time through the storage and…
20 terms
Chapter 8: Developmental Psychology
psychometricians
fluid intelligence
crystallized intelligence
savants
psychologists who specialize in measuring psychological chara…
refers to the ability to perceive relations among stimuli
comprises a person's culturally influenced accumulated knowle…
musical intelligence is often shown by individuals with menta…
psychometricians
psychologists who specialize in measuring psychological chara…
fluid intelligence
refers to the ability to perceive relations among stimuli
35 terms
chapter 8 developmental psychology
self concept
self definition
single representations
real self
sense of self, descriptive and evaluative mental picture of o…
cluster of characteristics used to distinct oneself
in a neo-Piagetian terminology, first stage in development of…
the self one actually is
self concept
sense of self, descriptive and evaluative mental picture of o…
self definition
cluster of characteristics used to distinct oneself
63 terms
Chapter 8:Developmental Psychology
Human Development
Nature
Nurture
Genetics
the scientific study of the changes that occur in people as t…
the influence of our inherited characteristics on our persona…
the influence of the environment on personality, physical and…
the science of inherited traits
Human Development
the scientific study of the changes that occur in people as t…
Nature
the influence of our inherited characteristics on our persona…
Developmental Psychology Chapter 8
adolescence
puberty
estrogens
androgens
period of the life span between the time puberty begins and t…
changes in physiology, anatomy, and physical functioning that…
sex hormones that have especially high levels in females from…
sex hormones that have especially high levels in males from p…
adolescence
period of the life span between the time puberty begins and t…
puberty
changes in physiology, anatomy, and physical functioning that…
43 terms
Chapter 8: Developmental Psychology
Development
Developmental changes seen in psychology
cross-sectional design
longitudinal design
The pattern of continuity and change in human capacity that o…
physical, cognitive, emotional, and social
A number of people are assessed at one point in time
Assessing the same participants multiple times over a lengthy…
Development
The pattern of continuity and change in human capacity that o…
Developmental changes seen in psychology
physical, cognitive, emotional, and social
30 terms
Chapter 8 developmental psychology
Androgyny
Associative play
Authoritarian child rearing style
Authoritative child-rearing Style
The gender identity held by individuals who score high on bot…
A form of social interaction in which children engage in sepa…
A child rearing style that is low in acceptance and involveme…
A child-rearing Style that is high in acceptance and involvem…
Androgyny
The gender identity held by individuals who score high on bot…
Associative play
A form of social interaction in which children engage in sepa…
Chapter 8 - Developmental psychology
Sensorimotor
Erik Erikson came up with
1. Trust v. Mistrust
2. Autonomy
object permanence not achieved (0-2 years)
emotional development
Attachment (infant)
Independence emerges (toddler)
Sensorimotor
object permanence not achieved (0-2 years)
Erik Erikson came up with
emotional development
Developmental Psychology Chapter 8
Common Cold
Myelin
Myelination
Brain and head
Most frequent health problem in early childhood
Protective covering of the axon
Helps nervous system function faster
Fastest growing parts of the body
Common Cold
Most frequent health problem in early childhood
Myelin
Protective covering of the axon
24 terms
Developmental Psychology Chapter 8
Osteoporosis
Presbyopia
Glaucoma
Presbycusis
A condition, often brought about by a lack of calcium in the…
A nearly universal change in eyesight during middle adulthood…
A condition in which pressure in the fluid of the eye increas…
Loss of the ability to hear sounds of high frequency
Osteoporosis
A condition, often brought about by a lack of calcium in the…
Presbyopia
A nearly universal change in eyesight during middle adulthood…
87 terms
Chapter 8: Developmental Psychology
human development
longitudinal design
cross-sectional design
cross-sequential design
the scientific study of the changes that occur in people as t…
one group of people is followed and assessed at different tim…
several different age-groups are studied at one time
both longitudinal and cross-sectional design combined, subjec…
human development
the scientific study of the changes that occur in people as t…
longitudinal design
one group of people is followed and assessed at different tim…
18 terms
Developmental Psychology - Chapter 8
Aggressive-Rejected
Bullying
Bully-Victim
Child Culture
rejected by peers because of antagonistic, confrontational be…
repeated, systematic efforts to inflict harm through physical…
someone who attacks others and who is attacked as well
the particular habits, styles, and values that reflect the se…
Aggressive-Rejected
rejected by peers because of antagonistic, confrontational be…
Bullying
repeated, systematic efforts to inflict harm through physical…
18 terms
Developmental Psychology Chapter 8
Psychoanalytic Theory
Gender Constancy
Gender Typing
Gender Identity
-Freud... -Oedipus and Electra Complex... -Identification
Concept that the sex will always remain the same
Acquisition of the gender roles
Concept knowing that they are males or females
Psychoanalytic Theory
-Freud... -Oedipus and Electra Complex... -Identification
Gender Constancy
Concept that the sex will always remain the same
Chapter 8: Developmental Psychology
Involuntary Reflexes
Five invluntary reflexes
Assimilation
Accomodation
Reflexes that babies have to help them survive
grasping, startle, rooting, stepping, and sucking
Children try to understand new things in the scheme of which…
Children alter/adjust old schemes to fit new information and…
Involuntary Reflexes
Reflexes that babies have to help them survive
Five invluntary reflexes
grasping, startle, rooting, stepping, and sucking
30 terms
Developmental Psychology Chapter 8 Vocabulary
androgyny
associative play
authoritarian
authoritative
the gender identity held by individuals who score high on bot…
a form of social interaction where children engage in separat…
low in acceptance and involvement, high in control, low in gr…
high in acceptance and involvement, adaptive control techniqu…
androgyny
the gender identity held by individuals who score high on bot…
associative play
a form of social interaction where children engage in separat…
32 terms
Developmental Psychology Chapter 8 Vocab
Initiative versus Guilt
Self-concept
Self-esteem
Effortful control
According to Erikson's theory, young children have a new sens…
The set of attributes, abilities, attitudes, and values that…
The judgements we make about our own worth and the feelings a…
In particular, inhibiting impulses and shifting attention
Initiative versus Guilt
According to Erikson's theory, young children have a new sens…
Self-concept
The set of attributes, abilities, attitudes, and values that…
Developmental Psychology: Chapter 8
secondary school
rote learning
apprenticeship
life-course-persistent delinquent (LCPD)
school attended during adolescence, after primary school
learning by memorizing and repetition
an arrangement, common in Europe, in which an adolescent "nov…
delinquent who shows a pattern of problems from birth onward…
secondary school
school attended during adolescence, after primary school
rote learning
learning by memorizing and repetition
8 terms
Developmental Psychology Chapter 8
industry vs. inferiority
latency
self- concept
unrestricted self-esteem
the fourth of erikson's eight psychosocial crises, during whi…
freud's term for middle childhood, during which children's em…
the idea or mental image one has of oneself and one's strengt…
no restriction on emotional evaluation of your self worth.
industry vs. inferiority
the fourth of erikson's eight psychosocial crises, during whi…
latency
freud's term for middle childhood, during which children's em…
5 terms
developmental psychology chapter 8
growth patterns
myelination
amygdala
hippocampus
children become slimmer as the lower body lengthens. from age…
primary reason for faster thinking. fatty coating on the axon…
a tiny rain structure that registers emotions, particularly f…
a brain structure that is a central processor of memory, espe…
growth patterns
children become slimmer as the lower body lengthens. from age…
myelination
primary reason for faster thinking. fatty coating on the axon…
Developmental Psychology Chapter 8
Analytic Ability
Creative Ability
Crystallized Intelligence
Culture-Fair Intelligence Tests
in Sternberg's theory of intelligence, the ability to analyze…
in Sternberg's theory of intelligence, the ability to deal ad…
a person's culturally influenced accumulated knowledge and sk…
tests designed to reduce the impact of different experiences…
Analytic Ability
in Sternberg's theory of intelligence, the ability to analyze…
Creative Ability
in Sternberg's theory of intelligence, the ability to deal ad…
64 terms
Developmental Psychology Chapter 8
Erikson's Theory: Initiative versus
Initiative:... New sense of
Initiative: ... Eagerness to try new
Initiative:... Play permits trying out
Guilt
purposefulness
tasks, join activities
new skills
Erikson's Theory: Initiative versus
Guilt
Initiative:... New sense of
purposefulness
12 terms
Developmental Psychology Chapter 8
Stanford-Binet IQ
Wechsler
How well does early IQ predict later IQ?
Theory of mind
general intelligence... fluid reasoning quantitative reasoning k…
general intelligence verbal reasoning perceptual reasoning wo…
better with age
the ability to attribute mental states — beliefs, intents, de…
Stanford-Binet IQ
general intelligence... fluid reasoning quantitative reasoning k…
Wechsler
general intelligence verbal reasoning perceptual reasoning wo…
Developmental Psychology, Chapter 8
Stereotype threat
Psychometric definition of creativity
What is SES? What is the average IQ ga…
Dynamic assessment
When worry about conforming to a negative stereotype leads to…
The ability to create novel ideas/works that are useful/value…
Socioeconomic status: IQ gap between middle and low SES child…
More Vygotsky, ZPD, assess what an individual is ABLE to lear…
Stereotype threat
When worry about conforming to a negative stereotype leads to…
Psychometric definition of creativity
The ability to create novel ideas/works that are useful/value…
35 terms
Developmental Psychology: Chapter 8 Intelligence
typical intelligence
first IQ tests
first IQ test
Spearman
viewed as verbal ability, practical problem solving, and soci…
used to identify children that were not able to benefit from…
Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scale
"g"--general intelligence and specific intelligence unique to…
typical intelligence
viewed as verbal ability, practical problem solving, and soci…
first IQ tests
used to identify children that were not able to benefit from…
47 terms
Chapter 8: Developmental Psychology
Developmental Psychology
Longitudinal Design
Cross-Sectional Design
Cross-Sequential Design
The scientific study of changes that occur in people as they…
One group of people is followed and assessed at different tim…
Different participants at various ages are compared at one po…
Different participants at various ages are compared at severa…
Developmental Psychology
The scientific study of changes that occur in people as they…
Longitudinal Design
One group of people is followed and assessed at different tim…
22 terms
Developmental Psychology Chapter 8
myelination
corpus callosum
lateralization
impulse control
the process by which axons become coated wit myelin, a fatty…
a long, thick band of nerve fibers that connects the left and…
literally, "sidedness", referring to the specialization in ce…
the ability to postpone or deny the immediate response to an…
myelination
the process by which axons become coated wit myelin, a fatty…
corpus callosum
a long, thick band of nerve fibers that connects the left and…
Developmental Psychology Chapter 8
Psychometric Approach
Mental Age
Factor Analysis
G
A theoretical perspective that portrays intelligence as a tra…
A measure of intellectual development that reflects the level…
A statistical procedure for identifying clusters of tests or…
Spearman's abbreviation for neogenesis, one's ability to unde…
Psychometric Approach
A theoretical perspective that portrays intelligence as a tra…
Mental Age
A measure of intellectual development that reflects the level…
Developmental Psychology Chapter 8
Understanding and regulating emotions
Gender differences
Gender roles
gender-typing
ability to recognize... -guilt... -shame... -pride... develops around age…
-measurable differences are few... -78% are small and often chan…
behaviors and attitudes that a culture considers appropriate…
socialization process whereby children, at an early age, lear…
Understanding and regulating emotions
ability to recognize... -guilt... -shame... -pride... develops around age…
Gender differences
-measurable differences are few... -78% are small and often chan…
Developmental Psychology Chapter 8
industry vs. inferiority
latency
self-concept
social comparison
4th of Erickson's development, during which children attempt…
Freud's term for middle childhood during which children's emo…
as children mature, they develop their self-concept, which ar…
the tendency to assess one's abilities, achievements, social…
industry vs. inferiority
4th of Erickson's development, during which children attempt…
latency
Freud's term for middle childhood during which children's emo…
35 terms
Chapter 8 - Cognition - Developmental Psychology
Cognition
Sensorimotor Stage
Object Permanence
Preoperational Stage
Thought processes and mental activities, including attention,…
In Piagetian theory, the first stage of cognitive development…
Realization that objects exist even whey they are not within…
In Piagetian theory, the second stage of development, from ap…
Cognition
Thought processes and mental activities, including attention,…
Sensorimotor Stage
In Piagetian theory, the first stage of cognitive development…
Developmental Psychology chapter 8
puberty
primary sex characteristics
secondary sex characteristics
menarche
collection of physical changes that marks the onset of adoles…
physical signs of maturity that are directly linked to the re…
physical signs of maturity that are not directly linked to re…
onset of menstruation
puberty
collection of physical changes that marks the onset of adoles…
primary sex characteristics
physical signs of maturity that are directly linked to the re…
12 terms
Chapter 8 Developmental Psychology
Involuntary reflexes
Piaget Assimilation
Piaget Accomodation
Object Permanence
Grasping, startle,rooting, stepping, sucking
Understand new things in terms of schemes they already possess
Altering or adjusting old schemas to fit new information and…
Knowledge that an object exists even when it is not in sight
Involuntary reflexes
Grasping, startle,rooting, stepping, sucking
Piaget Assimilation
Understand new things in terms of schemes they already possess
Developmental Psychology Chapter 8
Freud's Psychoanalytic Theory
superego
ego ideal
conscience
3rd year of life; ... Children gain super ego
Gained during Psychoanalytic stage of life. Receives energy f…
represents a model of action rewarded previously aka pride (e…
represents a model of action punished previously, aka guilt,…
Freud's Psychoanalytic Theory
3rd year of life; ... Children gain super ego
superego
Gained during Psychoanalytic stage of life. Receives energy f…
20 terms
Developmental Psychology Chapter 8
Intelligence
Mental age (MA)
Intelligence quotient (IQ)
Normal distribution
The ability to solve problems and to adapt to and learn from…
An individual's level of mental development relative to that…
An individual's mental age divided by chronological age, mult…
A symmetrical, bell-shaped curve with a majority of the cases…
Intelligence
The ability to solve problems and to adapt to and learn from…
Mental age (MA)
An individual's level of mental development relative to that…
51 terms
Chapter 8 - developmental psychology
socialization:
acculturation:
younger siblings:
factors affecting sibling relationships:
teaching children the values,... roles, and behaviours of their…
the process that immigrant... families undergo to participate in…
Talk more to parents as toddlers, but more to... older siblings…
Sex... Age... How parents treat children... How parents treat each other
socialization:
teaching children the values,... roles, and behaviours of their…
acculturation:
the process that immigrant... families undergo to participate in…
Developmental Psychology Chapter 8
Mental Age
Bayley Scales of Infant Development
WISC
WAIS
Compares children's levels of intellectual function with thei…
Standardized intelligence test for infants... Tests motor, cogni…
Version of Wechsler Tests for children
Version of Wechsler Tests for adults
Mental Age
Compares children's levels of intellectual function with thei…
Bayley Scales of Infant Development
Standardized intelligence test for infants... Tests motor, cogni…
Developmental Psychology Chapter 8
Self concept
Self-Esteem
Prosocial/Altruistic behavior
Nonsocial activity
the set of attributes, abilities, attitudes, and values that…
he judgments we make about our own self worth and the feeling…
actions that benefit another person without any expected rewa…
unoccupied, onlooker behavior and solitary play
Self concept
the set of attributes, abilities, attitudes, and values that…
Self-Esteem
he judgments we make about our own self worth and the feeling…
Developmental Psychology (chapter 8)
Intelligence
Stanford-Binet Intelligence Test
Wechsler Scales
Test Norm
The ability to solve problems
Test that showed which students would not profit from normal…
Had three scale levels: WPPSI (children from ages 2-1/2 to 7)…
The average and range of performance
Intelligence
The ability to solve problems
Stanford-Binet Intelligence Test
Test that showed which students would not profit from normal…
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