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Study sets matching "developmental psychology cognitive development"

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Study sets matching "developmental psychology cognitive development"

90 terms
Developmental Psychology: Cognitive Development
Jean Piaget
a
a
Cognitive Development
A swiss psychologist known for his pioneering work in child d…
A swiss psychologist known for his pioneering work in child d…
Piaget stressed:... a) Biological maturation as the driving for…
Per Piaget, a progressive reorganization of mental processes…
Jean Piaget
A swiss psychologist known for his pioneering work in child d…
a
A swiss psychologist known for his pioneering work in child d…
26 terms
Developmental Psychology (Cognitive Development)
Bidirectional influences
Cross-sectional research design; limit…
Longitudinal research design
Why it's incorrect to refer to infants…
In reference to biological systems and physiology: biology ca…
The analysis of data collected from a population, or a repres…
To follow a participant for his/her life
Infants are born with reflexes that aid in survival
Bidirectional influences
In reference to biological systems and physiology: biology ca…
Cross-sectional research design; limit…
The analysis of data collected from a population, or a repres…
13 terms
Developmental Psychology- Cognitive Development
Who was the psychologist that focused…
At what ages do children exhibit the s…
What are characteristics of the sensor…
What do the children learn by the end…
Jean Piaget.
It ranges from 0 to 2 years-old.
The child's response to the world is almost entirely sensory…
The learn intentional behavior, object performance, and begin…
Who was the psychologist that focused…
Jean Piaget.
At what ages do children exhibit the s…
It ranges from 0 to 2 years-old.
16 terms
Developmental psychology- Cognitive development
Name some inferences which give us an…
What is the binding problem?
Where are complex moral decisions made?
What is Piaget's theory of cognitive d…
-How infants pay attention, Habituation, how quickly they hab…
How do we put together and make sense of things? Connect what…
The prefrontal cortex. Not completely formed until 28.
Children have concrete, physical world concepts----->... There i…
Name some inferences which give us an…
-How infants pay attention, Habituation, how quickly they hab…
What is the binding problem?
How do we put together and make sense of things? Connect what…
27 terms
Developmental Psychology (Cognitive development)
What do developmental Psychologists st…
What are the stages of Prenatal develo…
What is the zygote stage?
What is the germinal stage?
1) Continuity and change across the life span... 2)Motor develop…
1)Zygote ... 2)Germinal Stage... 3)Embryonic stage... 4)Fetal
Single Cell
Cell division happens
What do developmental Psychologists st…
1) Continuity and change across the life span... 2)Motor develop…
What are the stages of Prenatal develo…
1)Zygote ... 2)Germinal Stage... 3)Embryonic stage... 4)Fetal
27 terms
Developmental Psychology- Cognitive Development in EC
Ossification
Motor Drive
Food-Insecure
Scale-Errors
A process through which new bone tissue is formed at the grow…
The pleasure young children take in using their new motor ski…
Lacking enough food to ensure good health
young children's inappropriate use of an object due to their…
Ossification
A process through which new bone tissue is formed at the grow…
Motor Drive
The pleasure young children take in using their new motor ski…
53 terms
Developmental Psychology: Theories of Cognitive Development
Why are developmental theories importa…
Which theory is the standard by which…
Piaget's Theory is often labeled as:... a…
Define the "constructivist" label.
d. All of the above
a. Piaget's Theory
c. Constructivist
Piaget's theory is often labeled constructivist because it de…
Why are developmental theories importa…
d. All of the above
Which theory is the standard by which…
a. Piaget's Theory
16 terms
Developmental Psychology Test 3.2 Cognitive Development
Jean Piaget
Preoperational stage
Conservation Task
Symbolic representation
4 stages of Cognitive Development... 1. Sensorimotor... 2. Preopera…
2-6 yrs... 1. Child has symbolic representation ... a. can't operat…
A +or- 0 = A... Why fail... 1. Centration ... a. focusing on one aspec…
make one thing (word or object) stand for something other tha…
Jean Piaget
4 stages of Cognitive Development... 1. Sensorimotor... 2. Preopera…
Preoperational stage
2-6 yrs... 1. Child has symbolic representation ... a. can't operat…
34 terms
Developmental psychology week 3 cognitive development
Cognitive theories
Scheme
Assimilation
Accommodation
Theories that emphasise the mental processes in development
An internal cognitive structure that provides an individual w…
The process of using a scheme to make sense of an event or ex…
Changing a scheme as a result of some new information
Cognitive theories
Theories that emphasise the mental processes in development
Scheme
An internal cognitive structure that provides an individual w…
24 terms
Developmental Psychology (Unit II: Cognitive Development)
Cognitive Development
Critical for social and emotional deve…
Two broad approache
Piaget's Theory
• The study of how intellectual abilities and knowledge of th…
• Development allows for ability to feel separation anxiety -…
• Quantitative (developmental continuous) - some believe that…
Key constructt* - schemas - organized representations... • *4 B…
Cognitive Development
• The study of how intellectual abilities and knowledge of th…
Critical for social and emotional deve…
• Development allows for ability to feel separation anxiety -…
82 terms
Chapter 15 -Developmental Psychology: Cognitive Development
parenting and culture
comparative perspective
Rouge Test
self-concept
A child's moral development is influences by behaviours model…
focuses on non-human animals to better understand the evoluti…
test used to determine development of a sense of self by usin…
an individual's perception of self, including knowledge, feel…
parenting and culture
A child's moral development is influences by behaviours model…
comparative perspective
focuses on non-human animals to better understand the evoluti…
Chapter 7 Cognitive Development: Developmental Psychology
Cognitive Development of Children
Theory of Cognitive Development
Schemas
Assimilation
children vs adult thinking changes (quantitative vs qualitati…
Piaget
cognitive framework that places concepts into categories and…
fit/take in new info based on existent
Cognitive Development of Children
children vs adult thinking changes (quantitative vs qualitati…
Theory of Cognitive Development
Piaget
53 terms
Unit 3 - Cognitive Development (Developmental Psychology)
schema
assimilation
accomodation
cognition
a concept or framework that organizes and interprets informat…
interpreting one's new experience in terms of one's existing…
adapting one's current understandings (schemas) to incorporat…
all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing,…
schema
a concept or framework that organizes and interprets informat…
assimilation
interpreting one's new experience in terms of one's existing…
21 terms
Developmental Psychology Exam 2 Early Cognitive Development
vision - patterns and forms
rod behind block experiment
perceptual completion
Scott Johnson
figuring out what is a figure - retina does not know that a r…
if they understood it was a single rod, they'll be habituated…
what is the agent of change that makes an infant able to perc…
look at 2-3 month old to see how 4 month has changed - indivi…
vision - patterns and forms
figuring out what is a figure - retina does not know that a r…
rod behind block experiment
if they understood it was a single rod, they'll be habituated…
11 terms
Ch12: Developmental Psychology, Physical & Cognitive Development
Sensitive periods
Critical periods
Teratogen
Primitive Reflex
Times during development were certain domains (ex. language)…
Period of special sensitivity in development in which specifi…
Environmental Agent that harms embryo/foetus during developme…
Reflex in infants genetically pre-wired in them for survival.…
Sensitive periods
Times during development were certain domains (ex. language)…
Critical periods
Period of special sensitivity in development in which specifi…
61 terms
Developmental Psychology Ch. 5: Cognitive Development in Infancy
Jean Piaget
Piaget's Theory
Schemata
Assimilation
Worked to develop French IQ tests, called his view the "genet…
Action = Learning, 4 Universal Stages (Sensorimotor, Pre-oper…
Organized patterns of functioning that adapt and charge with…
The process by which people understand an experience in terms…
Jean Piaget
Worked to develop French IQ tests, called his view the "genet…
Piaget's Theory
Action = Learning, 4 Universal Stages (Sensorimotor, Pre-oper…
64 terms
Developmental Psychology - Theories of Cognitive Development and Infancy
assimilation
accomodation
equilibrium
sensorimotor stage
the process by which people translate incoming information in…
the process by which people adapt current knowledge structure…
the process by which children balance assimilation and accomm…
the period (birth to 2 years) within Piaget's theory in which…
assimilation
the process by which people translate incoming information in…
accomodation
the process by which people adapt current knowledge structure…
22 terms
developmental psychology - middle childhood cognitive development
concrete operational thought
identity
reversibility
vygotsky and school age children
page's term for the ability to reason logically bout direct e…
certain characteristics of an object remain the same even if…
a thing that has been changed can sometimes s be returned to…
-educators should consider thought processes of child... -improv…
concrete operational thought
page's term for the ability to reason logically bout direct e…
identity
certain characteristics of an object remain the same even if…
37 terms
Developmental Psychology Lecture 2 - Social and Cognitive Development
attachment
separation anxiety
behaviorist theory of attachment
Harlow's studies of attachment
the close emotional bonds of affection that develop between i…
emotional distress seen in many infants when they are separat…
the infant-mother attachment develops because mothers are ass…
experiment in which monkeys were removed from their mothers a…
attachment
the close emotional bonds of affection that develop between i…
separation anxiety
emotional distress seen in many infants when they are separat…
19 terms
PSYC 224: Developmental Psychology - Cognitive Development
Sensory register
Short-term/working memory
Long-term memory store
Central Executive
information enters here, where sights and sounds are represen…
information gets filtered from the sensory output and enters…
information comes here through by storage and retrieval from…
manages the cognitive system's activities - conscious part of…
Sensory register
information enters here, where sights and sounds are represen…
Short-term/working memory
information gets filtered from the sensory output and enters…
50 terms
Developmental Psychology Chapter 5: Cognitive Development in Infancy
Jean Piaget
Piaget's Most Revolutionary Idea
What Changes in Piaget's Theory?
Qualitative Change
Beginning in about 1920, Piaget developed the first "cognitiv…
Children are mini-scientists.... Construct their own knowledge…
Qualitative change, broad applicability, brief transitions, a…
Children of different ages (and at different stages) think in…
Jean Piaget
Beginning in about 1920, Piaget developed the first "cognitiv…
Piaget's Most Revolutionary Idea
Children are mini-scientists.... Construct their own knowledge…
28 terms
15 - Developmental Psychology II: Cognitive Development
Rouge test
Self-concept
Autobiographical memory
Social comparisons
Used to determine development of a sense of self by using a d…
An individual's perception of self, including knowledge, feel…
Memory for the specific experiences that make up a person's l…
Evaluating one's abilities & opinions by comparing oneself wi…
Rouge test
Used to determine development of a sense of self by using a d…
Self-concept
An individual's perception of self, including knowledge, feel…
37 terms
Developmental Psychology: Chapter 12- Cognitive Development
concrete operational
classification
transitive inference
higher
Piaget's term for the ability to logically reason about direc…
The logical principle that things can be organized into group…
The ability to figure out the unspoken link between one fact…
Adults realize that items at the bottom of a classification h…
concrete operational
Piaget's term for the ability to logically reason about direc…
classification
The logical principle that things can be organized into group…
19 terms
Developmental Psychology: Plaget's Theory of Cognitive Development
Jean Piaget (1896-1980)--Important
schema
assimilation
accommodation
1. Swiss psychologist... - theories of cognitive development ... -…
1. a concept or framework that organized and interprets infor…
1. in Piaget's theory... - assimilation is the process of absorb…
1. in Piaget's theory... - accommodation is the process of adjus…
Jean Piaget (1896-1980)--Important
1. Swiss psychologist... - theories of cognitive development ... -…
schema
1. a concept or framework that organized and interprets infor…
31 terms
Developmental Psychology: Chapter 7 Cognitive Development
cognition
Piaget
constructive beliefs
schemes
inner processed and products of the mind that lead to knowing…
constructivist approach to cognitive development where childr…
all cognitions changes in an integrated fashion, invariant (n…
In Piaget's theory, actions or mental representations that or…
cognition
inner processed and products of the mind that lead to knowing…
Piaget
constructivist approach to cognitive development where childr…
11 terms
Developmental Psychology- Adolescent and Adult Cognitive Development
What is an adolescent's typical way of…
What is pseudo stupidity in adolescence?
What is an example of pseudo stupidity?
What is self consciousness?
A new egocentrism, immaturity of thought, pseudo stupidity, c…
It the way of thinking that everything is overly simple.
In foreign countries, there had been a long drawn out war for…
The adolescent beliefs there is an imaginary audience always…
What is an adolescent's typical way of…
A new egocentrism, immaturity of thought, pseudo stupidity, c…
What is pseudo stupidity in adolescence?
It the way of thinking that everything is overly simple.
22 terms
Developmental Psychology: Social Cognition + Gender Development lecture
social cognition
theory of problem solving
children who get along with peers
children with peer difficulties
dodge; children are active processors of social information.…
dodge; accounts for problem behavior and individual differenc…
interpret social cues accurately, formulate goals that enhanc…
often hold biased social expectations, attend selectively to…
social cognition
dodge; children are active processors of social information.…
theory of problem solving
dodge; accounts for problem behavior and individual differenc…
16 terms
Developmental Psychology Test 1: Cognitive Development (piaget)
knowledge
intellectual growth
constructivist
adaptation
process of acting, physically and/or mentally on objects, ima…
constant effort on child's part to expand and refine their kn…
active, learning many important lessons on their own (no rela…
interaction between child's mental structures (images,concept…
knowledge
process of acting, physically and/or mentally on objects, ima…
intellectual growth
constant effort on child's part to expand and refine their kn…
37 terms
Developmental Psychology Chapter 3 Infant Cognitive Development
Object Permanence
3-4 months
Circular Reaction
Dynamic Perception
Understanding that objects continue to exist even when they a…
When does object permanence develop in infants?
Voluntary or reflexive action that generates its own repetition
Awareness of focus of movement and change; how scientists stu…
Object Permanence
Understanding that objects continue to exist even when they a…
3-4 months
When does object permanence develop in infants?
47 terms
PSYC2110 - Developmental Psychology - Chapter 8: Cognitive Development: Piaget and Vygotsky
cognition
constructivist view
schema/schemas
organization
The mental activity through which human beings acquire and pr…
The idea that children actively create their understanding of…
A organized unit of knowledge that the child uses to try to u…
Combining simple mental structures into more complex systems.
cognition
The mental activity through which human beings acquire and pr…
constructivist view
The idea that children actively create their understanding of…
10 terms
Developmental Psychology Test 1: Cognitive Development (sociocultural)
sociocultural theories
guided participation
Vygotsky's theory
Tomasello
how people and culture influence child development
more knowledgeable individuals organize activities in ways th…
children are social beings, humans teach each other, thinking…
human species has unique characteristics for creating complex…
sociocultural theories
how people and culture influence child development
guided participation
more knowledgeable individuals organize activities in ways th…
35 terms
Developmental Psychology: Early Childhood Cognitive Development
Object permanence is
egocentricsm is
What limitation would cause a child to…
What limitation would cause a child to…
understanding that objects continue to exist even when they c…
the inability to distinguish between one's own perspective an…
Egocentricism because they can not take other people's perspe…
Centration and the inability to reverse actions because they…
Object permanence is
understanding that objects continue to exist even when they c…
egocentricsm is
the inability to distinguish between one's own perspective an…
25 terms
Developmental Psychology- Exam 3- Chapter 9- Cognitive Development in Early Childhood
Constructivism
Preoperational
Animism
Ego-centrism
A view that children construct knowledge through interaction…
Piaget's second stage of development, generally occurring dur…
The belief that inanimate objects have life-like qualities su…
Piaget's term for the inability to distinguish one's own view…
Constructivism
A view that children construct knowledge through interaction…
Preoperational
Piaget's second stage of development, generally occurring dur…
105 terms
Developmental Psychology Ch. 5 Cognitive Development during the first 3 years
behaviorist approach
psychometric approach
Piagetian approach
information-processing approach
concerned with the basic mechanics of learning
seeks to measure intelligence and quantitative
describes qualitative stages in cognitive functioning
analyzes processes involved in perceiving and handling inform…
behaviorist approach
concerned with the basic mechanics of learning
psychometric approach
seeks to measure intelligence and quantitative
30 terms
Developmental Psych (1. Cognitive Development)
Piaget's Theory of Developmental Psych
What is maturation?
What is the environment?
What is constructivism?
The idea that development proceeds learning. That children in…
The unfolding natural behaviors that happen as you grow older.
External factors that affect the behaviors of a child as they…
The idea that the interaction between a child and their exter…
Piaget's Theory of Developmental Psych
The idea that development proceeds learning. That children in…
What is maturation?
The unfolding natural behaviors that happen as you grow older.
27 terms
Developmental Psychology Exam 2 (Chapter 6: Cognitive Development)
Piaget's sensory motor stage
Circular Reaction
Primary Circular Reaction
Secondary Circular Reaction
spans the first two years of life. believed that infants and…
provides a special means of adapting their first schemes. it…
gain voluntary control over their own actions through the pri…
babies try to repeat interesting events in the surrounding en…
Piaget's sensory motor stage
spans the first two years of life. believed that infants and…
Circular Reaction
provides a special means of adapting their first schemes. it…
102 terms
Developmental Psych: Cognitive Development
came up with conclusion that kids thin…
____says infants don't get knowledge f…
____ says knowledge is the product of…
studied HOW kids think & how changes a…
piaget
piaget
piaget
piaget
came up with conclusion that kids thin…
piaget
____says infants don't get knowledge f…
piaget
59 terms
Developmental Psychology 2070 Chapter 9 Cognitive Development (exam 1)
preoperational intelligence, 2 and 6
Piaget
preoperational intelligence
centration
_____:Piaget's term for cognitive development between the age…
who came up with the 4 stages of cognitive development
what is Piaget's 2nd stage of cognitive development
a characteristic of preoperational thought in which a young c…
preoperational intelligence, 2 and 6
_____:Piaget's term for cognitive development between the age…
Piaget
who came up with the 4 stages of cognitive development
13 terms
Developmental milestones - cognitive development
15 months
18 months
2 years
2 ½ years
explores objects by sight and sound
very curious to explore environment, remembers where things b…
recognises self in mirror, can remember past experiences
has around 200 words, starting to use simple sentences,
15 months
explores objects by sight and sound
18 months
very curious to explore environment, remembers where things b…
32 terms
PSYC2110 - Developmental Psychology - Chapter 8: Cognitive Development: Piaget and Vygotsky
cognition
constructivist view
schema/schemas
organization
The mental activity through which human beings acquire and pr…
The idea that children actively create their understanding of…
A organized unit of knowledge that the child uses to try to u…
Combining simple mental structures into more complex systems.
cognition
The mental activity through which human beings acquire and pr…
constructivist view
The idea that children actively create their understanding of…
33 terms
Developmental Psychology - Cognitive Development An Information Processing Approach
Information Processing Approach
General Model
Working Memory
Central Executive
View mind as a computer, mapping steps involved in thinking a…
Store memory in three parts for processing... 1. Sensory registe…
used to solve basic cognitive tasks, repetition and use can p…
conscious part of the mind... coordinates incoming information w…
Information Processing Approach
View mind as a computer, mapping steps involved in thinking a…
General Model
Store memory in three parts for processing... 1. Sensory registe…
10 terms
Cognitive Development - Developmental Milestones
birth to 3 mo
4 to 6 mo
7 to 9 mo
10 to 12 mo
cries for assistance
searches with eyes for source of sounds
anticipates events
points to body parts upon request
birth to 3 mo
cries for assistance
4 to 6 mo
searches with eyes for source of sounds
61 terms
Cognitive Development: Developmental Stages
Define explicit cognition
Define implicit cognition
Describe Piaget's background
What was Piaget's main field of interest
Cognitions you are aware of and can describe in words
Cognitions that you may not be able to describe in words
He was the first to theorise about the causes and consequence…
Classifying different stages of child development (e.g in IQ)
Define explicit cognition
Cognitions you are aware of and can describe in words
Define implicit cognition
Cognitions that you may not be able to describe in words
67 terms
Developmental Psychology - Cognitive Development: Piagetian, Core Knowledge, and Vygotskian Perspectives
Cognition
Piaget's Cognitive Developmental Theory
Schemes
Mental Representations
refers to the inner processes and products of the mind that l…
Viewed children as discovering or constructing all knowledge…
Organized ways of making sense of experience
Internal depictions of information that the mind can manipula…
Cognition
refers to the inner processes and products of the mind that l…
Piaget's Cognitive Developmental Theory
Viewed children as discovering or constructing all knowledge…
24 terms
Developmental Psych - Cognitive Development
Jean Piaget
Schemas
Assimilate
Accomodate
Curious about wrong answers given by French children on intel…
Concepts that we create to help organize info; adults have more
Joining new schema with already existing ones
Finding new places/schema for new information
Jean Piaget
Curious about wrong answers given by French children on intel…
Schemas
Concepts that we create to help organize info; adults have more
30 terms
Developmental Psychology - Chapter 7 (Physical and Cognitive Development in Early Childhood)
Corpus Callosum
Lateralization
Hippocampus
Infantile Amnesia
The structure that connects the right and left hemispheres of…
The process through which brain functions are divided between…
A brain structure that is essential for the formation of memo…
The inability of adults and older children to remember more t…
Corpus Callosum
The structure that connects the right and left hemispheres of…
Lateralization
The process through which brain functions are divided between…
36 terms
Developmental Psychology Chapter 17: Physical and Cognitive Development in Late Adulthood
Functional Age
Average Life Expectancy
Life Expectancy Numbers
Factors in Longer Life Expectancy
Chronological age is an imperfect indicator of functional age…
Average life expectancy is the number of years that an indivi…
In the US today, life expectancy is 78.5 - nearly 76 for men,…
Major factors in this gain are a steady decline in infant mor…
Functional Age
Chronological age is an imperfect indicator of functional age…
Average Life Expectancy
Average life expectancy is the number of years that an indivi…
18 terms
Developmental Psychology - Chapter 11 (Physical and Cognitive Development in Adolescence)
Puberty
Pituitary Gland
Primary Sex Characteristics
Secondary Sex Characteristics
Collective term for the physical changes that culminate in se…
Gland that triggers other glands to release hormones
The sex organs: ovaries,uterus, and vagina in the female; tes…
Body parts such as breasts in the females and pubic hair in b…
Puberty
Collective term for the physical changes that culminate in se…
Pituitary Gland
Gland that triggers other glands to release hormones
29 terms
Developmental Psychology Chapter 15: Physical and Cognitive Development in Middle Adulthood
Characterizing Middle Adulthood
Vision
Hearing
Skin
Characterized by gradual change in physical features and cogn…
By the forties, it becomes more difficult for the eye to acco…
About 14 percent of Americans between ages 45 and 64 suffer f…
Gradually, the skin loses elasticity and begins to sag; after…
Characterizing Middle Adulthood
Characterized by gradual change in physical features and cogn…
Vision
By the forties, it becomes more difficult for the eye to acco…
54 terms
Developmental Psychology Chapter 11: Physical and Cognitive Development in Adolescence
How is becoming an adult a cultural th…
Perspectives of Adolescence
Biological Perspective
Storm and Stress
Different cultures have different perspectives on what becomi…
Biological perspective.... Social perspective.... Balanced point-of…
Puberty marks adolescence.... G. Stanley Hall came up with the…
A little all over the place, volatile, going against parents,…
How is becoming an adult a cultural th…
Different cultures have different perspectives on what becomi…
Perspectives of Adolescence
Biological perspective.... Social perspective.... Balanced point-of…
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