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Study sets matching "developmental psychology development infancy"

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Study sets matching "developmental psychology development infancy"

8 terms
Developmental Psychology: Development During Infancy
brain development
motor development
language development
Mary Ainsworth and attachment
1. infancy--rapid growth and development of the BRAIN and NER…
1. development of motor skills... - good illustration of the mat…
1. background... - Noam Chomsky (and other linguistics): every c…
1. developmental psychologists... - distinguish secure and insec…
brain development
1. infancy--rapid growth and development of the BRAIN and NER…
motor development
1. development of motor skills... - good illustration of the mat…
26 terms
Developmental Psychology Unit II (Infancy Perceptual Development)
Reflexes
Reflex - Response
Motor milestone
Infant Perceptual Development
•Triggered by specific stimuli... • Some appear to have survival…
•Permanent reflexes:... Biceps - short contractions shown... Eye bl…
• Huge variability in when they appear - depends on environme…
• Audition... - can hear before birth - Cat in the Hat studies…
Reflexes
•Triggered by specific stimuli... • Some appear to have survival…
Reflex - Response
•Permanent reflexes:... Biceps - short contractions shown... Eye bl…
Developmental Psychology - Lecture 2 - Prenatal Development and infancy
conception
ovum size
sperm size
how many sperm are released and how ma…
the start of prenatal development ... the eggs fertilised and tr…
1/175th inch
1/500th inch
350,000,000 released... 500 reach the ovum
conception
the start of prenatal development ... the eggs fertilised and tr…
ovum size
1/175th inch
61 terms
Developmental Psychology Ch. 5: Cognitive Development in Infancy
Jean Piaget
Piaget's Theory
Schemata
Assimilation
Worked to develop French IQ tests, called his view the "genet…
Action = Learning, 4 Universal Stages (Sensorimotor, Pre-oper…
Organized patterns of functioning that adapt and charge with…
The process by which people understand an experience in terms…
Jean Piaget
Worked to develop French IQ tests, called his view the "genet…
Piaget's Theory
Action = Learning, 4 Universal Stages (Sensorimotor, Pre-oper…
17 terms
Developmental Psychology Ch. 4: Physical Development in Infancy
Four Principles of Growth
Cephalocaudal Principle
Proximodistal Principle
Principle of Hierarchical Integration
Cephalocaudal Principle, Proximodistal Principle, Principle o…
Growth starts with the head and upper parts of the body and t…
Development proceeds from the center of the body outward
Simple skills tend to develop separately and then become inte…
Four Principles of Growth
Cephalocaudal Principle, Proximodistal Principle, Principle o…
Cephalocaudal Principle
Growth starts with the head and upper parts of the body and t…
64 terms
Developmental Psychology - Theories of Cognitive Development and Infancy
assimilation
accomodation
equilibrium
sensorimotor stage
the process by which people translate incoming information in…
the process by which people adapt current knowledge structure…
the process by which children balance assimilation and accomm…
the period (birth to 2 years) within Piaget's theory in which…
assimilation
the process by which people translate incoming information in…
accomodation
the process by which people adapt current knowledge structure…
62 terms
Developmental Psychology Chapter 6: Emotional Development in Infancy
Basic Cry
Angry Cry
Pain Cry
Reflexive Smile
Something that could symbolize hunger. ... A rhythmic pattern t…
Basic cry with more air.
A sudden, long initial loud cry followed by the holding of th…
A smile that does not occur in response to external stimuli a…
Basic Cry
Something that could symbolize hunger. ... A rhythmic pattern t…
Angry Cry
Basic cry with more air.
50 terms
Developmental Psychology Chapter 5: Cognitive Development in Infancy
Jean Piaget
Piaget's Most Revolutionary Idea
What Changes in Piaget's Theory?
Qualitative Change
Beginning in about 1920, Piaget developed the first "cognitiv…
Children are mini-scientists.... Construct their own knowledge…
Qualitative change, broad applicability, brief transitions, a…
Children of different ages (and at different stages) think in…
Jean Piaget
Beginning in about 1920, Piaget developed the first "cognitiv…
Piaget's Most Revolutionary Idea
Children are mini-scientists.... Construct their own knowledge…
118 terms
Developmental Psychology: Infancy
Infancy
Cephalocaudal principle
Proximodistal principle
hierarchal integration principle
birth- 2 years
Sequence in which the earliest growth always occurs at the to…
Sequence in which growth starts at the center of the body and…
skills typically develop separately and independently but are…
Infancy
birth- 2 years
Cephalocaudal principle
Sequence in which the earliest growth always occurs at the to…
34 terms
Developmental Psychology Exam 2 (Chapter 5: Physical Development in Infancy)
Cephalocaudal Trend
Proximdistal Trend
Neural Development
Synaptic Pruning
from the Latin word "head to tail." During the prenatal perio…
growth proceeds, literally, from "near to far"- from the cent…
...
neurons that are seldom stimulated soon lose their synapses,…
Cephalocaudal Trend
from the Latin word "head to tail." During the prenatal perio…
Proximdistal Trend
growth proceeds, literally, from "near to far"- from the cent…
72 terms
Developmental Psychology Chapter 4: Physical Development in Infancy and Toddlerhood
Toddlerhood
Body growth in toddlerhood
growth norms
Skeletal age
period that spans the second year of life
Height increases 50% by age 1, 75% by age 2... Weight doubles by…
height and weight avg for age.
best estimate for a child's physical maturity. ... Girls tend to…
Toddlerhood
period that spans the second year of life
Body growth in toddlerhood
Height increases 50% by age 1, 75% by age 2... Weight doubles by…
46 terms
Developmental Psychology: Infancy and Childhood
Developmental Psychology
What are the 3 major issues in develop…
Germinal period (Day 0-14)
Embryonic period (Week 3-8)
Study of physical, cognitive, and social change over the life…
- nature vs nurture... - stability or change... - continuity or sta…
Zygote and rapid cell division
- Embryo... - intensive cell differentiation into organs... and maj…
Developmental Psychology
Study of physical, cognitive, and social change over the life…
What are the 3 major issues in develop…
- nature vs nurture... - stability or change... - continuity or sta…
19 terms
Developmental Psychology Ch. 6: Social and Personality Development in Infancy
Maximally Discriminative Facial Moveme…
Biological Arousal (Emotional Developm…
Cognitive (Emotional Development)
Behavioral (Emotional Development)
Carroll Izard. Babies can display the following emotions at b…
What happens in your body when an emotion takes place
What you are thinking and feeling when you have an emotion
What action do you take when feeling an emotion
Maximally Discriminative Facial Moveme…
Carroll Izard. Babies can display the following emotions at b…
Biological Arousal (Emotional Developm…
What happens in your body when an emotion takes place
35 terms
Developmental Psychology Chapter 4 Physical Development in Infancy and Toddlerhood
Brain plasticity
Cephalocaudal trend
Cerebral cortex
Classical conditioning
Refers to the extraordinary ability of the brain to modify it…
The cephalocaudal trend is also the trend of infants learning…
The outer layer of the cerebrum (the cerebral cortex ), compo…
A learning process that occurs when two stimuli are repeatedl…
Brain plasticity
Refers to the extraordinary ability of the brain to modify it…
Cephalocaudal trend
The cephalocaudal trend is also the trend of infants learning…
44 terms
Developmental Psychology Chapter 5 Cognitive Development in Infancy and Toddlerhood
Accomodation
Adaptation
Assimilation
Autobiographical memory
Accommodation is a term developed by psychologist Jean Piaget…
A psychological adaptation is a functional component of the n…
Assimilation is a term referring to another part of the adapt…
Autobiographical memory is a memory system consisting of epis…
Accomodation
Accommodation is a term developed by psychologist Jean Piaget…
Adaptation
A psychological adaptation is a functional component of the n…
15 terms
Developmental Psychology [2] {Infancy and childhood: physical development Pg 471-473 }
What is maturation?
What is the relationship between matur…
Describe what happens to neural networ…
Which part of the brain has the most r…
Biological growth process that enables orderly change in beha…
Maturation (nature) sets the basic course of development; exp…
On the day you were born, you had the most of the brain cells…
From ages 3 to 6 the most rapid growth was in your *frontal l…
What is maturation?
Biological growth process that enables orderly change in beha…
What is the relationship between matur…
Maturation (nature) sets the basic course of development; exp…
25 terms
Developmental Psychology: Infancy & Childhood
schema
assimilation
accommodation
Piaget's Stages of Cognitive Development
mental molds into which we pour our experiences. Schemas are…
interpretation of new experiences in terms of our current und…
the modification of present schemas to fit with new experienc…
Sensorimotor, Pre-operational, Concrete Operational, Formal O…
schema
mental molds into which we pour our experiences. Schemas are…
assimilation
interpretation of new experiences in terms of our current und…
49 terms
Developmental Psychology: Infancy
Cephalocaudal Principle
Proximodistal Principle
Teething
Neurotransmitter
Principle of biological development that growth tends to begi…
Principle of biological development that growth proceeds from…
Period of discomfort and pain experienced by infants as their…
Chemical that enables neurons to communicate across synapses
Cephalocaudal Principle
Principle of biological development that growth tends to begi…
Proximodistal Principle
Principle of biological development that growth proceeds from…
43 terms
Developmental Psychology - Chapter 5: "Physical and Cognitive Development in Infancy"
The brain structures that will eventua…
The ability to move around on one's ow…
Seeing similarities in different objec…
One year after birth, most healthy bab…
The end of infancy
Locomotion
Categorizing
Three
The brain structures that will eventua…
The end of infancy
The ability to move around on one's ow…
Locomotion
46 terms
Developmental Psychology: Infancy and Toddlerhood
At birth, the __________ is nearer to…
Brain development in infancy and toddl…
The cerebral cortex
The prefrontal cortex
brain
jointly influenced by genetically programmed events and the c…
is the last part of the brain to stop growing
is responsible for thought
At birth, the __________ is nearer to…
brain
Brain development in infancy and toddl…
jointly influenced by genetically programmed events and the c…
19 terms
Developmental Psychology - Chapter 6 (Social and Personality Development in Infancy)
Attachment Theory
Attachment
Synchrony
Stranger Anxiety
The view that the ability and need to form an attachment rela…
The emotional tie to a parent experienced by an infant, from…
A mutual, interlocking pattern of attachment behaviours share…
Expressions of discomfort, such as clinging to the mother, in…
Attachment Theory
The view that the ability and need to form an attachment rela…
Attachment
The emotional tie to a parent experienced by an infant, from…
34 terms
developmental psychology exam 1 (socio-emotional development in infancy) set 3
Erikson's theory of early personality…
birth-year
1-3 years
emotional development
birth-1 year... years 1-3
psychosocial conflict: trust vs. mistrust... - conflict is resol…
psychosocial conflict: autonomy vs. shame and doubt... - conflic…
birth, basic, emotions
Erikson's theory of early personality…
birth-1 year... years 1-3
birth-year
psychosocial conflict: trust vs. mistrust... - conflict is resol…
126 terms
Developmental Psychology: Infancy
Cephalocaudal pattern
Proximodistal pattern
Shaken Baby Syndrome
Blooming and pruning
Sequence in which the earliest growth always occurs at the to…
Sequence in which growth starts at the center of the body and…
Brain swelling and hemorrhaging from child abuse trauma... Typic…
You are going to create new connections between the neurons.…
Cephalocaudal pattern
Sequence in which the earliest growth always occurs at the to…
Proximodistal pattern
Sequence in which growth starts at the center of the body and…
30 terms
Psychology - Infancy and Child Development
Unconditional positive regard
conditional positive regard
self-esteem
5 to 7
parents love and accept their children for who they are
parents show their love only when the children behave in cert…
value or worth that people attach to themselves
At what age(s) do children begin to value themselves on the b…
Unconditional positive regard
parents love and accept their children for who they are
conditional positive regard
parents show their love only when the children behave in cert…
20 terms
Developmental Psychology - Chapter 6: "Social and Emotional Development in Infancy"
Which view of emotional development de…
In Harlow's experiment with rhesus mon…
Which of the following is considered a…
That emotions are accompanied by react…
Differential Emotions Theory
Cloth
Shame
Physiological
Which view of emotional development de…
Differential Emotions Theory
In Harlow's experiment with rhesus mon…
Cloth
15 terms
Developmental Psychology: Infancy
Infant wake behaviors
Awake active
Active alert
Active crying
Active, alert, and crying
More movement, concentrating on what things are like. Externa…
2 hours spent in this state and htye are just looking around…
Active crying 2 hours spent in this state and is a sign of fr…
Infant wake behaviors
Active, alert, and crying
Awake active
More movement, concentrating on what things are like. Externa…
62 terms
Developmental Psychology - Infancy
Developmental Psychology
Nature v. Nurture
Continuity v. Stages
Stability v. Change
-the study of changes throughout a life span... -focuses on thre…
-the contribution that our genes (nature) and experiences (nu…
-those who emphasize experience and learning see development…
-stability provides our identity, our ability to depend on ot…
Developmental Psychology
-the study of changes throughout a life span... -focuses on thre…
Nature v. Nurture
-the contribution that our genes (nature) and experiences (nu…
21 terms
Developmental psychology: infancy and childhood
Developmental psychology
Newborns
Reflex abilities
Grasping reflex
The study of changes that occur as an individual matures. (Ph…
Development begins before birth with: movement, kicking, suck…
At birth newborns can see, hear, smell, and respond to the en…
An infants clinging response to a touch on the palm of their…
Developmental psychology
The study of changes that occur as an individual matures. (Ph…
Newborns
Development begins before birth with: movement, kicking, suck…
20 terms
Developmental Psychology (Infancy and Childhood)
Developmental Psychology
Continuity and Stages
Brain development
Infant amnesia
examines our physical, cognitive and social development acros…
gradual changes vs. clearly delineated stages
most brain cells ever at birth
Unable to remember first three years
Developmental Psychology
examines our physical, cognitive and social development acros…
Continuity and Stages
gradual changes vs. clearly delineated stages
78 terms
Developmental Psychology Infancy, Genetics,
What is involved in spiritual developm…
In Hospitalization, infants need what?
What is Responsiveness?
What is Habituation?
-church attendance/ nursery... -praying before meals... -songs... -pra…
-primary caretaker (allow rooming in)... -encourage infant by to…
-how much stimulation is needed to gain response
-becoming so familiar with stimuli that it no longer elicits…
What is involved in spiritual developm…
-church attendance/ nursery... -praying before meals... -songs... -pra…
In Hospitalization, infants need what?
-primary caretaker (allow rooming in)... -encourage infant by to…
61 terms
Developmental Psychology Midterm (Infancy)
What are the four principles of growth?
Cephalocaudal Principle
Proximodistal Principle
Principle of Hierarchical Integration
cepalocaudal, proximodistal, hierarchial integration, indepen…
growth begins with the upper body parts and then proceeds to…
development begins in the center of the body and moves outward
simple skills develop independently but they are integrated i…
What are the four principles of growth?
cepalocaudal, proximodistal, hierarchial integration, indepen…
Cephalocaudal Principle
growth begins with the upper body parts and then proceeds to…
13 terms
developmental psychology: infancy
define developmental psychology
what are the stages of prenatally?
what is the zygote stage?
what is the germinal stage?
life from womb to tomb; the study of continuous change throug…
zygote, germinal stage, embryonic stage, and fetal stage
fertilized egg that contains chromosomes from both parents; 2…
lasts 2 weeks from time of conception; zygote divides into ma…
define developmental psychology
life from womb to tomb; the study of continuous change throug…
what are the stages of prenatally?
zygote, germinal stage, embryonic stage, and fetal stage
44 terms
Understanding Psychology Chapter 3: Infancy and Childhood, Unit 6: Moral Development, Developmental Psychology (Erik Erikson)
Developmental Psychology
Grasping Reflex
Rooting Reflex
Symbols
the study of how humans mature and why they develop as they do
an infant's clinging response to a touch on the palm of his o…
an infant's response in turning toward the source of touching…
something that stands for or suggests something else; a visib…
Developmental Psychology
the study of how humans mature and why they develop as they do
Grasping Reflex
an infant's clinging response to a touch on the palm of his o…
62 terms
Infancy & Childhood Development Psychology
Who is Bandura?
What is Bandura's famous study ?
Behaviorism
Locke and Rousseau are the ...
Bandura agrees with the behaviorist learning theory. He came…
Adult hits a Booboo doll. Kids see this reaction. Most of the…
study of how a person's behavior is a direct result of the en…
pioneers of child psychology
Who is Bandura?
Bandura agrees with the behaviorist learning theory. He came…
What is Bandura's famous study ?
Adult hits a Booboo doll. Kids see this reaction. Most of the…
50 terms
infancy and Childhood Developmental Psychology Test
Aristotle
Francis Bacon
Charles Darwin
Rene Descartes
Student of Plato; Teacher to Alexander the Great... "Knowledge i…
One of the founders of modern science... Facinated by the human…
Natural selection... Origin of Species... Believed his theory expla…
Considered by many to be the father of modern philosophy. ... Be…
Aristotle
Student of Plato; Teacher to Alexander the Great... "Knowledge i…
Francis Bacon
One of the founders of modern science... Facinated by the human…
41 terms
Developmental Psychology Chapter 4: Infancy
reflexes
states of arousal
reflexes disappear around 6 months old
regular NREM sleep
inborn, automatic response to a particular form of stimulatio…
degrees of sleep and wakefulness
gradual increase in voluntary control over behavior as the ce…
full rest and shows little to no body activity; eyelids are c…
reflexes
inborn, automatic response to a particular form of stimulatio…
states of arousal
degrees of sleep and wakefulness
30 terms
Developmental Psychology - Infancy & Early Learning
Reflex
States of Arousal
Crying
SIDS
an inborn automatic response to a particular form of stimulat…
degrees of sleep or wakefulness... REM- similar to being awake... N…
reflects and inborn capacity to react to suffering of others…
Most common between 2-4 months
Reflex
an inborn automatic response to a particular form of stimulat…
States of Arousal
degrees of sleep or wakefulness... REM- similar to being awake... N…
Development Psychology: Prenatal and Infancy
Zygote
Embryo
Fetus
Teratogen
one week, cells divide in the uterus and after 8 divisions th…
8 weeks,
...
agents, such as chemicals and viruses, that can reach the emb…
Zygote
one week, cells divide in the uterus and after 8 divisions th…
Embryo
8 weeks,
25 terms
Psychology - Infancy and Child Development Test
self-esteem
contact comfort
developmental psychology
critical period
value or worth that people attach to themselves
In his study with infant monkeys, Harry Harlow showed that th…
field in which psychologists study how people grow and change…
stage or point in development during which a person or animal…
self-esteem
value or worth that people attach to themselves
contact comfort
In his study with infant monkeys, Harry Harlow showed that th…
99 terms
Psychology of Infancy and Child Development
Socioeconomic status
Sociocultural context
Interrater reliability (same answer ov…
The degree of similarity in the result…
The term used for the social class measure based on income an…
Which of the following items is NOT one of the four factors S…
A researcher is interested in examining the association betwe…
Test- retest reliability refers to
Socioeconomic status
The term used for the social class measure based on income an…
Sociocultural context
Which of the following items is NOT one of the four factors S…
27 terms
Developmental Psychology: Infancy and Childhood Vocabulary
Developmental Psychology
Teratogens
Synaptic Pruning
Critcal Periods
The study of changes in physiology, cognition, and social beh…
Environmental agents that harm the embryo or fetus (ie alcoho…
A process whereby the synaptic connections in the brain that…
Biologically determined time periods for the development of s…
Developmental Psychology
The study of changes in physiology, cognition, and social beh…
Teratogens
Environmental agents that harm the embryo or fetus (ie alcoho…
9 terms
Psychological Development In Infancy & Childhood
Temperament
Attachment
Separation anxiety
Stranger Anxiety
A person's general pattern of attention, arousal, and mood th…
The emotional bond between caretaker and infant that is estab…
Fear an infant expresses when separated from primary caretaker
The distress an infant expresses when faced with unfamiliar p…
Temperament
A person's general pattern of attention, arousal, and mood th…
Attachment
The emotional bond between caretaker and infant that is estab…
13 terms
Unit IX: Developmental Psychology (Module 47 - Infancy and Childhood: Cognitive Development) Key Terms
Cognition
Schema
Assimilation
Accommodation
All the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing,…
A concept or framework that organizes and interprets informat…
Interpreting our new experiences in terms of our existing sch…
Adapting our current understandings (schemas) to incorporate…
Cognition
All the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing,…
Schema
A concept or framework that organizes and interprets informat…
32 terms
Development Psychology - infancy and childhood
Nature vs nurture
Continuity vs discontinuity (stages)
Stability vs change
Cross sectional
How do genetic inheritance (_______) and experience (______)…
Is development a gradual process, like an escalator, or does…
Do our early personality traits persist through life, or do w…
Participants of different ages studied at the same time (quic…
Nature vs nurture
How do genetic inheritance (_______) and experience (______)…
Continuity vs discontinuity (stages)
Is development a gradual process, like an escalator, or does…
22 terms
Developmental Psychology: Infancy and Childhood Vocabulary
Developmental Psychology
Teratogens
Synaptic Pruning
Critcal Periods
The study of changes in physiology, cognition, and social beh…
Environmental agents that harm the embryo or fetus (ie alcoho…
A process whereby the synaptic connections in the brain that…
Biologically determined time periods for the development of s…
Developmental Psychology
The study of changes in physiology, cognition, and social beh…
Teratogens
Environmental agents that harm the embryo or fetus (ie alcoho…
12 terms
Perceptual developmental in infancy - child psychology
Macfarlane - Smell Study
auditory preference
"Beginning vs experienced crawlers" st…
Pattern perception
study: Can infants recognize and do they prefer a familiar sm…
has a lot to do with prenatal development - woman > men; mom…
Depth perception (visual cliff) - participants: beginning cra…
babies prefer high contrast patterns
Macfarlane - Smell Study
study: Can infants recognize and do they prefer a familiar sm…
auditory preference
has a lot to do with prenatal development - woman > men; mom…
17 terms
Psychology: psychosocial development in infancy
Emotional development milestone: 2 mon…
Emotional development milestone: 3-5 m…
Emotional development milestone: 6-8 m…
Emotional development milestone: 15 mo…
social smiling
laughter
jealousy, fear, sadness & anger; caused by stranger wariness…
self awareness and awareness of others' opinions; causes the…
Emotional development milestone: 2 mon…
social smiling
Emotional development milestone: 3-5 m…
laughter
32 terms
Psychology - Infancy and Child Development
Unconditional positive regard
conditional positive regard
self-esteem
5 to 7
parents love and accept their children for who they are
parents show their love only when the children behave in cert…
value or worth that people attach to themselves
At what age(s) do children begin to value themselves on the b…
Unconditional positive regard
parents love and accept their children for who they are
conditional positive regard
parents show their love only when the children behave in cert…
Developmental Psychology 2: Infancy 1
Reflex
Examples of reflexes
Rooting
Grasping
Innate pattern of actions that are the same everytime that ar…
Rooting, sucking, grasping, moro tonic neck, swimming, stepping
if you brush the sensation, human will turn toward it
hands and feet, palmer and babinsky reflexes
Reflex
Innate pattern of actions that are the same everytime that ar…
Examples of reflexes
Rooting, sucking, grasping, moro tonic neck, swimming, stepping
49 terms
Psychological Development in Infancy and Childhood
Piaget
Cognitive Development
Sensorimotor... Preoperational... Concret op…
birth-2 years
Who created the cognitive theory?
The process of intellectual functioning where children develo…
4 stages of Cognitive Development
when does sensorimotor... occur?
Piaget
Who created the cognitive theory?
Cognitive Development
The process of intellectual functioning where children develo…
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