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Study sets matching "developmental psychology psychosocial development"

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Study sets matching "developmental psychology psychosocial development"

70 terms
Developmental Psychology: Psychosocial Development
Erik Erikson
Erik Erikson
a
Psychosocial Development
An American developmental psychologist known for his theory o…
An American developmental psychologist; known for championing…
An American developmental psychologist known for his theory o…
Identifies a series of eight stages, in which a healthy devel…
Erik Erikson
An American developmental psychologist known for his theory o…
Erik Erikson
An American developmental psychologist; known for championing…
86 terms
Developmental Psychology: Psychosocial Development and Approaches
Developmental Psychology
Developmental Psychology
Developmental Psychology
Life-span Approach
The scientific study of how and why human beings develop over…
The study of how humans change and grow from conception throu…
Examines the influences of nature and nurture on the process…
A theory that takes the view that development is not a proces…
Developmental Psychology
The scientific study of how and why human beings develop over…
Developmental Psychology
The study of how humans change and grow from conception throu…
25 terms
Ch 8 Psychosocial Development Developmental Psychology
How do Erickson's stages of cognition…
How does a schoolage child develop a s…
Why is social comparison particularly…
What factors help a child become resil…
Industrious- competent, productive... Inferior- Incompetent, use…
As children mature, they develop their self-concepts, which a…
Helps them value themselves and abandon the imaginary, rosy s…
Resilience is dynamic, a positive adapt to stress, and advers…
How do Erickson's stages of cognition…
Industrious- competent, productive... Inferior- Incompetent, use…
How does a schoolage child develop a s…
As children mature, they develop their self-concepts, which a…
8 terms
Developmental Psychology: Erikson's Psychosocial Development Stages
Trust vs. Mistrust
Autonomy vs. Shame
Initiative vs. Guilt
Industry vs. Inferiority
If needs are dependably met, infants develop a sense of basic…
Toddlers learn to exercise will and do things for themselves,…
Preschoolers learn to initiate tasks and carry out plans, or…
Children learn the pleasure of applying themselves to tasks,…
Trust vs. Mistrust
If needs are dependably met, infants develop a sense of basic…
Autonomy vs. Shame
Toddlers learn to exercise will and do things for themselves,…
44 terms
Developmental Psychology- Exam 3- Chapter 10- Psychosocial Development in Early Childhood
Initiative versus guilt
Effortful control
Self-concept
Self-representations
In Erikson's theory, the psychosocial conflict of the early c…
The voluntary restraining of a dominant response in order to…
An individual's view of himself or herself in terms of traits…
Children's descriptions of themselves to themselves.
Initiative versus guilt
In Erikson's theory, the psychosocial conflict of the early c…
Effortful control
The voluntary restraining of a dominant response in order to…
64 terms
Developmental Psychology: Chapter 6 Psychosocial Development during First 3 Years
personality
emotions
social smiling
anticipatory smiling
relatively consistent blend of emotions, temperaments, though…
subjective reactions to experience that are associated with p…
beginning of 2nd month, newborn infants gaze at their parents…
infant smiles at an object and then gazes at an adult while s…
personality
relatively consistent blend of emotions, temperaments, though…
emotions
subjective reactions to experience that are associated with p…
10 terms
Developmental Psychology: Erik Erikson's Theory of Psychosocial Development
Erik Erikson (1902-1994): introduction
identity
Stage I: Trust vs. Mistrust (Birth to…
Stage II: autonomy vs. doubt (ages 1-3)
1. created an influential theory of development... 2. as we prog…
a person's definition or description of himself or herself
1. prior to birth... - an infant's physiological needs are autom…
1. during the second and third years of life--children develo…
Erik Erikson (1902-1994): introduction
1. created an influential theory of development... 2. as we prog…
identity
a person's definition or description of himself or herself
8 terms
AP Psych - Developmental Psychology (Erickson - Psychosocial Development Stages)
infants; if needs are dependably met,…
toilet training; toddlers learn to exe…
preschoolers learn to initiate tasks a…
children learn the pleasure of applyin…
Trust VS Mistrust
Autonomy VS Shame
Initiative VS Guilt
Industry VS Inferiority
infants; if needs are dependably met,…
Trust VS Mistrust
toilet training; toddlers learn to exe…
Autonomy VS Shame
8 terms
DP 10 Developmental Psychology: Ch 10 (Adolescence: Psychosocial Development )
Identity role vs. identity confusion
Identity achievement
Foreclosure
Role confusion
Erikson's term for the fifth stage of development, in which a…
Erikson's term for the attainment of identity, or the point a…
Erikson's term for premature identity formation, which occurs…
A situation in which an adolescent does not seem to know or c…
Identity role vs. identity confusion
Erikson's term for the fifth stage of development, in which a…
Identity achievement
Erikson's term for the attainment of identity, or the point a…
78 terms
Developmental Psychology Chapter 10: Early Childhood: Psychosocial Development
emotional regulation
emotional regulation
initiative vs. guilt
pride
The ability to control when and how emotions are expressed.
________ ________ becomes possible when the emotional hot spo…
Erikson's third psychosocial crisis, in which children undert…
_____ naturally emerges from the acquisition of the skills an…
emotional regulation
The ability to control when and how emotions are expressed.
emotional regulation
________ ________ becomes possible when the emotional hot spo…
17 terms
DP 08 Developmental Psychology: Chapter 8 (Middle Childhood: Psychosocial Development)
Culture of Children
Friendship and social acceptance
Popular and unpopular children
Social cognition
The particular habits, styles, and values that reflect the s…
Children learn how to be a good friend. Gender differences p…
aggressive-rejected children are disliked because they are an…
the ability to understand social interactions, including the…
Culture of Children
The particular habits, styles, and values that reflect the s…
Friendship and social acceptance
Children learn how to be a good friend. Gender differences p…
18 terms
Developmental Psychology - The Later Years - Psychosocial Development/Hospice Care
Advantages of marriage
Hospice
Types of Hospice
Middle Ages
Higher satisfaction
A place or program that provides palliative care and supporti…
Institutional, free-standing, in home: private home, nursing…
Earliest record of hospice
Advantages of marriage
Higher satisfaction
Hospice
A place or program that provides palliative care and supporti…
18 terms
DP 06 Developmental Psychology: Chapter 6 (Early Childhood: Psychosocial Development )
Initiative vs. Guilt
Psychopathology
Externalizing Problems
Internalizing Problems
Erikson's third psychosocial crisis, in which children undert…
An illness or disorder of the mind (bệnh học tâm lý, bệnh học…
Examples include: lashing out at others or breaking things, d…
Examples include: turning emotions and distress inward, diffi…
Initiative vs. Guilt
Erikson's third psychosocial crisis, in which children undert…
Psychopathology
An illness or disorder of the mind (bệnh học tâm lý, bệnh học…
118 terms
Developmental Psych - Ch. 16 (Adolescence: Psychosocial Development)
Marcia's four identity statuses
two important characteristics of Marci…
Marcia developed his ideas from ______…
identity status with both exploration…
achievement, moratorium, foreclosure, diffusion
exploration, commitment
Erikson's
identity achievement
Marcia's four identity statuses
achievement, moratorium, foreclosure, diffusion
two important characteristics of Marci…
exploration, commitment
8 terms
General psychology psychosocial development
Infancy
Toddlers
Preschool
Elementary school
Trust vs. mistrust
Autonomy vs. shame and doubt
Initiative vs. guilt
Industry vs. inferiority
Infancy
Trust vs. mistrust
Toddlers
Autonomy vs. shame and doubt
23 terms
developmental psychology - middle childhood psychosocial
industry vs inferiority
nature of school-age children
resilience
shared environment
eriksons forty developmental crisis... -master many skills... -sens…
social comparison... effortful control... loyalty... appreciation of p…
capacity to develop optimally by adopting positively to signi…
household influences are the same for two people
industry vs inferiority
eriksons forty developmental crisis... -master many skills... -sens…
nature of school-age children
social comparison... effortful control... loyalty... appreciation of p…
9 terms
Psychology: Psychosocial stages of Development
Erik Erikson
Trust vs. mistrust
autonomy vs. shame & doubt
Initiative vs. guilt
psychosocial stages of development by
Infancy(to a year)... -trust or mistrust a baby develops
toddlerhood(1-2 years)... -"no"... -control temper tantrums
Preschooler(3-5 years)... -why"... -want to understand
Erik Erikson
psychosocial stages of development by
Trust vs. mistrust
Infancy(to a year)... -trust or mistrust a baby develops
9 terms
Psychology: Psychosocial Development
Who studied psychosocial development?
Trust vs. Mistrust
Autonomy vs. Doubt
Initiative vs. Guilt
Erik Erikson
(0-1 years) if an infant is taken care of then they will trus…
(1-3 years) they learn independence by doing things for & by…
(3-6 years) begin to make their own decisions; if praised the…
Who studied psychosocial development?
Erik Erikson
Trust vs. Mistrust
(0-1 years) if an infant is taken care of then they will trus…
8 terms
Psychology- Psychosocial development
Stage 1: Trust vs. Mistrust
Stage 2: Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt
Stage 3: Initiative vs. Guilt
Stage 4: Industry vs. Inferiority
Ages: 0-1 ... Trust the mother and the environment around them,…
Ages: 2-3... Developing desire to make choices and having self-c…
Ages: 4-5... Adding planning and feel (attacked) to choice, beco…
Ages: 6-12... Becoming absorbed in skills, tasks, and productivi…
Stage 1: Trust vs. Mistrust
Ages: 0-1 ... Trust the mother and the environment around them,…
Stage 2: Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt
Ages: 2-3... Developing desire to make choices and having self-c…
17 terms
Humanistic Psychology and Psychosocial Development
Abraham Maslow
Humanistic Psychology
Physiology
Safety
1908-1970, ... Professor at four prestigious colleges... Studied ca…
Stresses importance of self growth and self actualization, no…
mechanisms that work to keep the body alive - bottom of the h…
the condition of being protected from, or unlikely to cause,…
Abraham Maslow
1908-1970, ... Professor at four prestigious colleges... Studied ca…
Humanistic Psychology
Stresses importance of self growth and self actualization, no…
8 terms
Stages of Psychosocial Development (psychology)
Stage 1
Stage 2
Stage 3
Stage 4
Trust versus mistrust... Ages: early infancy... Is my world predict…
Autonomy versus shame and doubt ... Ages: 1 - 3 years... Can I do t…
Initiative versus guilt... Ages: 3 - 6 years ... Am I good or bad?
Industry versus inferiority... Ages: 6 - 12... Am I successful or w…
Stage 1
Trust versus mistrust... Ages: early infancy... Is my world predict…
Stage 2
Autonomy versus shame and doubt ... Ages: 1 - 3 years... Can I do t…
17 terms
Psychology: psychosocial development in infancy
Emotional development milestone: 2 mon…
Emotional development milestone: 3-5 m…
Emotional development milestone: 6-8 m…
Emotional development milestone: 15 mo…
social smiling
laughter
jealousy, fear, sadness & anger; caused by stranger wariness…
self awareness and awareness of others' opinions; causes the…
Emotional development milestone: 2 mon…
social smiling
Emotional development milestone: 3-5 m…
laughter
100 terms
Developmental Psychology: Social Development
Social Psychology
Harry Harlow
a
Harry Harlow
The scientific study of how people's thoughts, feelings, and…
An American psychologist best known for his maternal-separati…
An American psychologist best known for his maternal-separati…
Which psychologist's experiments manifested the importance of…
Social Psychology
The scientific study of how people's thoughts, feelings, and…
Harry Harlow
An American psychologist best known for his maternal-separati…
12 terms
DP 04 Developmental Psychology: Chapter 4 (The First Two Years- Psychosocial Development)
Happy or Content
Fearful
Angry or Sad
Pride or Shame
6 weeks: Social smile... 3 months: Laughter, curiosity... 4 months:…
9-14 months: with strangers (stranger wariness; separation an…
4-8 months - anger... Angry - healthy response to frustration ... S…
18 months—self-awareness; pride; shame; embarrassment
Happy or Content
6 weeks: Social smile... 3 months: Laughter, curiosity... 4 months:…
Fearful
9-14 months: with strangers (stranger wariness; separation an…
90 terms
Developmental Psychology: Cognitive Development
Jean Piaget
a
a
Cognitive Development
A swiss psychologist known for his pioneering work in child d…
A swiss psychologist known for his pioneering work in child d…
Piaget stressed:... a) Biological maturation as the driving for…
Per Piaget, a progressive reorganization of mental processes…
Jean Piaget
A swiss psychologist known for his pioneering work in child d…
a
A swiss psychologist known for his pioneering work in child d…
21 terms
Developmental Psychology: Defining Development
Development
Developmental Change
Physical Development
Social Development
Changes that occur over time
A change that is permanent
changes in the body and its various systems
changes in an individual's relationships with other people an…
Development
Changes that occur over time
Developmental Change
A change that is permanent
11 terms
Psychology Glossary Terms -Psychological Development (psychosocial development)
Psycho-social development
Erik Erickson
Psychological dilemma
Tust vs Mistrust
a theory that proposes development that are influenced by cul…
Believed that developmental change occurs throughout the life…
A conflict between personal impulses and the social world , a…
0-1 years. Established when an infant is given adequate love…
Psycho-social development
a theory that proposes development that are influenced by cul…
Erik Erickson
Believed that developmental change occurs throughout the life…
46 terms
Developmental Psychology - Emotional Development
Emotion
Functionalist Approach
Emotions & Cognitive Processing
Emotions & Social Behaviour
A rapidly appraisal of personal significance to a situation,…
Emphasizes broad function of emotions to attain personal needs.
Can lead to learning that is essential for survival, no don't…
Children's emotional signals affect the behaviour and actions…
Emotion
A rapidly appraisal of personal significance to a situation,…
Functionalist Approach
Emphasizes broad function of emotions to attain personal needs.
37 terms
Developmental Psychology: Language Development
symbols
comprehension
production
generativity
systems for representing our thoughts, feelings, and knowledg…
with regard to language, understanding what others say, sign,…
with regard to language, speaking, writing, or signing to oth…
refers to the idea that through the use of the finite set of…
symbols
systems for representing our thoughts, feelings, and knowledg…
comprehension
with regard to language, understanding what others say, sign,…
13 terms
Developmental Psychology: Conceptual Development
concepts
naive psychology
theory of mind
false-belief problems
general ideas or understandings that can be used to group tog…
a commonsense level of understanding of other people and ones…
an organized understanding of how mental processes such as in…
tasks that test a child's understanding that other people wil…
concepts
general ideas or understandings that can be used to group tog…
naive psychology
a commonsense level of understanding of other people and ones…
32 terms
Psychology Cognitive, Psychosocial, & Moral Development
sensorimotor stage
Object permanence
preoperational stage
Theory of Mind
birth to 2 -- children experience world through movement & se…
objects exist even when out of view -- emerges at 8 months
2-7 -- acquisition of motor skills and development of Theory…
people's ideas about their own and other's feelings
sensorimotor stage
birth to 2 -- children experience world through movement & se…
Object permanence
objects exist even when out of view -- emerges at 8 months
111 terms
Developmental Psychology: Social Development, DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY
Social Psychology
a
Harry Harlow
Attachment
The scientific study of how people's thoughts, feelings, and…
An American psychologist best known for his maternal-separati…
Which psychologist's experiments manifested the importance of…
The tendency to prefer specific familiar individuals to anoth…
Social Psychology
The scientific study of how people's thoughts, feelings, and…
a
An American psychologist best known for his maternal-separati…
22 terms
Developmental Psychology:Infant Development
Developmental Psychology
DNA
chromosomes
genes
The study of how our behaviors and thoughts change over our l…
deoxyribonucleic acid
46 in humans 23 from each parent
unit of heredity in and organism passed from parent to child
Developmental Psychology
The study of how our behaviors and thoughts change over our l…
DNA
deoxyribonucleic acid
129 terms
Developmental Psychology: Social Development, DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY
Social Psychology
Harry Harlow
a
Harry Harlow
The scientific study of how people's thoughts, feelings, and…
An American psychologist best known for his maternal-separati…
An American psychologist best known for his maternal-separati…
Which psychologist's experiments manifested the importance of…
Social Psychology
The scientific study of how people's thoughts, feelings, and…
Harry Harlow
An American psychologist best known for his maternal-separati…
8 terms
Developmental Psychology: Moral Development
prosocial behavior
altruistic motives
aggression
instrumental aggression
voluntary behavior intended to benefit another, such as helpi…
helping others for reasons that initially include empathy or…
behavior aimed at harming or injuring others.
aggression motivated by the desire to obtain a concrete goal.
prosocial behavior
voluntary behavior intended to benefit another, such as helpi…
altruistic motives
helping others for reasons that initially include empathy or…
24 terms
Developmental Psychology (Prenatal Development)
Periods of prenatal development
Conception
Risks of going past due date
Facts about inducing labor... - reasons
• Period of zygote... • Embryonic development... • Fetal period
• Takes an average of 3-9 months... - due date = 40 weeks (280 d…
• Placenta may become less successful at meeting the baby's n…
• # has doubled in the past decade... • Reasons:... Valid... - post-…
Periods of prenatal development
• Period of zygote... • Embryonic development... • Fetal period
Conception
• Takes an average of 3-9 months... - due date = 40 weeks (280 d…
12 terms
Developmental Psychology: Studying Development
developmental psychology
nature versus nurture: nurture
nature versus nurture: nature
critical period
the study of age-related changes in behavior and mental proce…
1 . John Locke (1632-1704)... - minds are tabula rasa (blank sla…
1. role of MATURATION--emphasize by proponents of the modern…
a specific time of great sensitivity to age-related learning…
developmental psychology
the study of age-related changes in behavior and mental proce…
nature versus nurture: nurture
1 . John Locke (1632-1704)... - minds are tabula rasa (blank sla…
26 terms
Developmental Psychology (Cognitive Development)
Bidirectional influences
Cross-sectional research design; limit…
Longitudinal research design
Why it's incorrect to refer to infants…
In reference to biological systems and physiology: biology ca…
The analysis of data collected from a population, or a repres…
To follow a participant for his/her life
Infants are born with reflexes that aid in survival
Bidirectional influences
In reference to biological systems and physiology: biology ca…
Cross-sectional research design; limit…
The analysis of data collected from a population, or a repres…
53 terms
Developmental Psychology: Foundations of Development
Epigenesis
Gene-environment interaction
Heritability estimates
Niche-picking
Development resulting from ongoing, bidirectional exchanges b…
Because of their genetic makeup, individuals differ in their…
Measure of the extent to which individual differences in comp…
The tendency to actively choose environments that complement…
Epigenesis
Development resulting from ongoing, bidirectional exchanges b…
Gene-environment interaction
Because of their genetic makeup, individuals differ in their…
19 terms
Developmental Psychology: Prenatal Development
Conception
Prenatal Development
Germinal Stage
Embryonic Stage
Single sperm cell penetrates the outer coating of the egg and…
Conception to Birth... • zygote (conception to 2 weeks)... • embry…
ZYGOTE... • moves toward the uterus... • placenta and umbilical co…
EMBRYO... • major organ structures begin to develop (i.e. spine…
Conception
Single sperm cell penetrates the outer coating of the egg and…
Prenatal Development
Conception to Birth... • zygote (conception to 2 weeks)... • embry…
27 terms
developmental psychology language development
language
infinite generativity
language's rule systems
morpheme
a form of communication, whether spoken, written, or signed,…
the ability to produce an endless number of meaningful senten…
- phonology: the sound system of a language, which includes t…
a minimal unit of meaning; it is a word or a prat of a word t…
language
a form of communication, whether spoken, written, or signed,…
infinite generativity
the ability to produce an endless number of meaningful senten…
25 terms
Developmental Psychology - Language Development
At what age is it believed children po…
DeCasper & fifer (1980)
DeCasper & Prescott (1984)
DeCasper & Spence (1986)
0-1 years
tested neonates to find out if they had the ability to recogn…
they repeated this with the fathers voice but found they show…
Repeated the process to test whether the neonates had prefere…
At what age is it believed children po…
0-1 years
DeCasper & fifer (1980)
tested neonates to find out if they had the ability to recogn…
24 terms
Developmental Psychology (Birth and development)
Birth Process: Onset of Labor
Prostaglandins
Two possible explanations
Factors Affecting How Labor Proceeds
• Scientists don't know what causes labor to begin... • *this is…
• Have been found to be effective in inducing labor and in ri…
• Some scientists believe that the two membranes that surroun…
•Pelvis... •Passenger... •Power
Birth Process: Onset of Labor
• Scientists don't know what causes labor to begin... • *this is…
Prostaglandins
• Have been found to be effective in inducing labor and in ri…
45 terms
Developmental Psychology-Childhood Development
What is Developmental Psychology?
What 3 things do developmental psychol…
What is the Zygote?
What is the embryo?
The specialized study of how an individual's physical, social…
1) Continuity vs. Stages of Development... 2) Stability vs. Chan…
-The fertilized egg... -Enters a 2 week period of rapid cell div…
-The developing human organism from 2 week through the 2nd mo…
What is Developmental Psychology?
The specialized study of how an individual's physical, social…
What 3 things do developmental psychol…
1) Continuity vs. Stages of Development... 2) Stability vs. Chan…
13 terms
Developmental Psychology- Cognitive Development
Who was the psychologist that focused…
At what ages do children exhibit the s…
What are characteristics of the sensor…
What do the children learn by the end…
Jean Piaget.
It ranges from 0 to 2 years-old.
The child's response to the world is almost entirely sensory…
The learn intentional behavior, object performance, and begin…
Who was the psychologist that focused…
Jean Piaget.
At what ages do children exhibit the s…
It ranges from 0 to 2 years-old.
86 terms
Developmental Psych - Ch. 13 (Middle Childhood: Psychosocial Development)
change in parent-child relationship
refers to a gradual transferring of co…
refers to legal and genetic connections
refers to how a family cares for its m…
amount of time together declines, coregulation, kids know the…
coregulation
family structure
family function
change in parent-child relationship
amount of time together declines, coregulation, kids know the…
refers to a gradual transferring of co…
coregulation
62 terms
Developmental Psych - Ch. 10 (Early Childhood: Psychosocial Development)
learning to control one's thoughts, em…
two aspects of self-regulation
the inhibition of an action that is al…
when asked to resist temptation, the v…
self-regulation
regulating thought and action, regulating emotions
effortful control
situational compliance; overtly disobey, display committed co…
learning to control one's thoughts, em…
self-regulation
two aspects of self-regulation
regulating thought and action, regulating emotions
17 terms
Developmental Psychology: theories of development
0-1: Erikson's Trust v.
1-3: Erikson's Autonomy v.
3-6: Erikson's Initiative v.
6-11: Erikson's Industry v.
Mistrust
Shame and Doubt
Guilt
Inferiority
0-1: Erikson's Trust v.
Mistrust
1-3: Erikson's Autonomy v.
Shame and Doubt
32 terms
Developmental Psychology -(human development)
What is the critical period ?
What is the sensitive period?
What is a cross-sectional design?
What is a longitudinal design?
The age range during which certain experiences must occur for…
An optimal age range for certain experiences. If those experi…
A comparison of people of different ages at the same point in…
A test that repeatedly tests the same cohort as it grows older.
What is the critical period ?
The age range during which certain experiences must occur for…
What is the sensitive period?
An optimal age range for certain experiences. If those experi…
11 terms
Developmental Psychology and Foetal Development
Two types of design in developmental p…
Cross-sectional design advantages and…
Longitudinal design advantages and dis…
What are sequential studies?
1. Cross-sectional... 2. Longitudinal
Advantages: convenient and fast snapshot of individuals... Disad…
Advantages: tracks changes over time ... considers environmental…
Research design incorporating cross-sectional and longitudina…
Two types of design in developmental p…
1. Cross-sectional... 2. Longitudinal
Cross-sectional design advantages and…
Advantages: convenient and fast snapshot of individuals... Disad…
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