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Study sets matching "diabetes chapter 19"

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Study sets matching "diabetes chapter 19"

12 terms
CHAPTER 19 - THE ENDOCRINE SYSTEM (DIABETES)
FBS
IDDM
K
Na
abbrev for fasting blood sugar
abbrev for insulin dependent diabetes mellitius
abbrev for potassium
abbrev for sodium
FBS
abbrev for fasting blood sugar
IDDM
abbrev for insulin dependent diabetes mellitius
12 terms
Chapter 19- Diabetes Mellitus
diabetes mellitus
hyperglycemia
insulin disorder
Type 1 diabetes... Type 2 diabetes... Gestat…
A metabolic disorder characterized by hyperglycemia and disor…
high blood glucose levels
What prevents glucose storage?
Types of diabetes
diabetes mellitus
A metabolic disorder characterized by hyperglycemia and disor…
hyperglycemia
high blood glucose levels
Diabetes Study Guide-Chapter 19
Glycogenolysis
Insulin
GLUT
Normal Glucose Levels:
Glycogenolysis is the biochemical breakdown of glycogen to gl…
Regulates blood glucose; lack can cause diabetes.
Trasport system "revolving door"... -Insulin is required to acti…
60-100mg/dl
Glycogenolysis
Glycogenolysis is the biochemical breakdown of glycogen to gl…
Insulin
Regulates blood glucose; lack can cause diabetes.
10 terms
Nutrition Chapter 19-Diabetes
Diabetes occurs when blood glucose lev…
Gestational diabetes
Type 1 diabetes (insulin dependent) is…
What is an essential component of diab…
Over 126
Women are routinely screened between 24-28 weeks of gestation
Absence of insulin.
Nutrition therapy
Diabetes occurs when blood glucose lev…
Over 126
Gestational diabetes
Women are routinely screened between 24-28 weeks of gestation
333 terms
Dipiro Chapter 19 Diabetes Mellitus
____ ___ is a group of metabolic disor…
Type 1 DM (__% - __% of cases) usually…
The autoimmune process for T1DM is med…
Type 2 DM (90% of cases) is characteri…
Diabetes mellitus (DM)
5% - 10%
macrophages and T lymphocytes
resistance; deficiency
____ ___ is a group of metabolic disor…
Diabetes mellitus (DM)
Type 1 DM (__% - __% of cases) usually…
5% - 10%
30 terms
Chapter 19 - Diabetic Emergencies
Diabetes Millitus
Epilepsy
Glucose
Hyperglycemia
Sugar diabetes, decreased insulin or body unable to use insul…
Condition that causes seizures.
Form of sugar that provides body's source of energy.
High blood sugar (+140), decrease of insulin
Diabetes Millitus
Sugar diabetes, decreased insulin or body unable to use insul…
Epilepsy
Condition that causes seizures.
36 terms
Chapter 19 Diabetic Emergencies
Reticular Activating System (RAS)
Glucose
Insulin
Islets of Langerhans
Series of neurologic circuits in the brain that controls the…
A form of sugar
A hormone produced in the pancreas
Secretes the insulin out of the pancreas
Reticular Activating System (RAS)
Series of neurologic circuits in the brain that controls the…
Glucose
A form of sugar
49 terms
Chapter 19 - Diabetes Emergencies
Which of the following is an action of…
If the blood sugar level is very high,…
For the reticular activating system to…
The condition in which there is an ins…
B
A
D
B
Which of the following is an action of…
B
If the blood sugar level is very high,…
A
18 terms
chapter 19 diabetic emergencies
aura
diabetes mellitus
diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA)
epilepsy
a sensation experienced by a seizure patient right before the…
the condition brought about by decreased insulin production o…
a condition that occurs as the result of high blood super, ch…
a medical condition that causes seizures
aura
a sensation experienced by a seizure patient right before the…
diabetes mellitus
the condition brought about by decreased insulin production o…
20 terms
Chapter 19 Diabetic Emergencies
Aura
Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetic Ketoacidosis
Epilepsy
a sensation right before a seizure. A smell, sound, or feeling
Diabetes decreased insulin production or the inability of the…
High blood sugar characterized by dehydration, AMS, and shock
A medical condition that causes seizures
Aura
a sensation right before a seizure. A smell, sound, or feeling
Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetes decreased insulin production or the inability of the…
33 terms
Chapter 19 Nutrition for Diabetes Mellitus
1. A person is diagnosed as having dia…
2. Long-term complications of diabetes…
3. The type of diabetes therapy that s…
4. The three main symptoms of untreate…
C
B
B
A
1. A person is diagnosed as having dia…
C
2. Long-term complications of diabetes…
B
33 terms
Chapter 19 Nutrition for Diabetes Mellitus
1. A person is diagnosed as having dia…
2. Long-term complications of diabetes…
3. The type of diabetes therapy that s…
4. The three main symptoms of untreate…
C
B
B
A
1. A person is diagnosed as having dia…
C
2. Long-term complications of diabetes…
B
18 terms
Chapter 19 - Diabetic Emergencies and Altered Mental Status
Aura
Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetic Ketoacidosis
Epilepsy
A sensation experienced by a seizure patient right before the…
Also called "sugar diabetes" or just "diabetes," the conditio…
A condition that occurs as the result of high blood sugar, ch…
A medical condition that causes seizures
Aura
A sensation experienced by a seizure patient right before the…
Diabetes Mellitus
Also called "sugar diabetes" or just "diabetes," the conditio…
33 terms
Chapter 19 Nutrition for Diabetes Mellitus
1. A person is diagnosed as having dia…
2. Long-term complications of diabetes…
3. The type of diabetes therapy that s…
4. The three main symptoms of untreate…
C
B
B
A
1. A person is diagnosed as having dia…
C
2. Long-term complications of diabetes…
B
18 terms
Chapter 19 (Diabetes, Stroke, and Seizures)
aura
diabetes mellitus
diabetic ketoacidosis
epilepsy
sensation experienced by a seizure patient right before the s…
decreased insulin production or the inability of the body to…
a condition that occurs as the result of the high blood sugar…
a medical condition that causes seizures
aura
sensation experienced by a seizure patient right before the s…
diabetes mellitus
decreased insulin production or the inability of the body to…
12 terms
Chapter 19 Diabetic Emergencies
Which of the following is the LEAST im…
Which of the following is LEAST import…
Which of the following is NOT a common…
Your patient is a 5-year-old female wi…
C. Does the patient have a family history of seizures
B. Requesting advanced life support
a. Chest pain
c. Immediately transport the patient to a hospital with speci…
Which of the following is the LEAST im…
C. Does the patient have a family history of seizures
Which of the following is LEAST import…
B. Requesting advanced life support
21 terms
Nutrition : Chapter 19 PX w/diabetes mellitus
type 1 diabetes
risk factors for type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes symtoms
Type 2 diabetes
.formerly known as insulin-dependit diabetes
.autoimmune disease ... .genetic... .enviornment
.polyuria = urinate a lot ... .polydipsia = thirsty often ... .poly…
.occurs for 90-95% of diagnosed cases ... .slow progressing, sta…
type 1 diabetes
.formerly known as insulin-dependit diabetes
risk factors for type 1 diabetes
.autoimmune disease ... .genetic... .enviornment
11 terms
Chapter 19 Diabetic Emergencies and AMS
Causes of AMS
Progression of Sepsis - AMS
Sepsis S&S (severe)
causes of seizures
Diabetic emergencies... Hypoxia... sepsis... seizures... stroke... dizziness…
Sepsis is an infection. Sepsis starts locally and can become…
AMS... Increased HR... Increased RR... Lower BP... High BG... Decreased Cap…
hypoxia... stroke... traumatic brain injury... toxins... hypoglycemia... bra…
Causes of AMS
Diabetic emergencies... Hypoxia... sepsis... seizures... stroke... dizziness…
Progression of Sepsis - AMS
Sepsis is an infection. Sepsis starts locally and can become…
48 terms
Patho Chapter 19 Alterations in Hormonal Regulation (Diabetes)
Glycogenolysis
Glyconeogenesis
Acini cells
Islet of Langerhans
occurs in the liver and is the breakdown of stored glycogen
occurs in the liver and is the breakdown of protein and fat t…
digestive
B cells... A cells... D cells... F or (PP) cells... hormones regulate CHO…
Glycogenolysis
occurs in the liver and is the breakdown of stored glycogen
Glyconeogenesis
occurs in the liver and is the breakdown of protein and fat t…
52 terms
Nutrition Chapter 19: Nutrition for Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetes Mellitus
Classifications of Diabetes Mellitus
Type 1 DM
Type 2 DM
Chronic Disorder; Requires lifestyle changes of both dietary…
Type 1... Type 2... Cystic Fibrosis related diabetes... Gestational di…
5%-10% of patients... Relative or complete lack of insulin secre…
>90% of patients... Defect of insulin receptors / insulin insens…
Diabetes Mellitus
Chronic Disorder; Requires lifestyle changes of both dietary…
Classifications of Diabetes Mellitus
Type 1... Type 2... Cystic Fibrosis related diabetes... Gestational di…
33 terms
Chapter 19 Nutrition for Diabetes Mellitus
1. A person is diagnosed as having dia…
2. Long-term complications of diabetes…
3. The type of diabetes therapy that s…
4. The three main symptoms of untreate…
C
B
B
A
1. A person is diagnosed as having dia…
C
2. Long-term complications of diabetes…
B
12 terms
Nutriton- Chapter 19 Nutrition for Diabetes Mellitus
Exogenous insulin
Diabetes Mellitus
Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus... - Risk factors
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus ... - Risk factors
Required by type 2 diabetes
Relative or complete lack of insulin secretion by beta cells…
Caused by destruction of pancreatic beta cells... -Autoimmune di…
Caused by insulin resistance or failure of cells to respond t…
Exogenous insulin
Required by type 2 diabetes
Diabetes Mellitus
Relative or complete lack of insulin secretion by beta cells…
28 terms
Chapter 19 Nutrition for Patients with Diabetes Mellitus
Type 1 diabetes
Diabetes Mellitus
Polyuria
polydipsia
diabetes characterized by the absence of insulin secretion
a chronic heterogeneous disorder characterized by elevated bl…
excessive urine excretion
excessive thirst
Type 1 diabetes
diabetes characterized by the absence of insulin secretion
Diabetes Mellitus
a chronic heterogeneous disorder characterized by elevated bl…
49 terms
EMT MOD5 - Chapter 19 Diabetes Emergencies
Which of the following is an action of…
If the blood sugar level is very high,…
For the reticular activating system to…
The condition in which there is an ins…
It increases the movement of sugar from the bloodstream to th…
Excessive urination, excessive thirst, and excessive hunger
Oxygen to perfuse brain tissue, glucose to nourish brain tiss…
hypoglycemia.
Which of the following is an action of…
It increases the movement of sugar from the bloodstream to th…
If the blood sugar level is very high,…
Excessive urination, excessive thirst, and excessive hunger
21 terms
Combo with "Chapter 19: Diabetes" and 1 other
Type 1 diabetes
Type 2 diabetes
What are two mays diabetes can effect…
What is the most dangerous emergency f…
...
-bodys cellls fail to utilize insulin properly... -panceras is s…
-hypoglycemia-->to little glucose... -hyperglycemia--> too much…
diabetic ketoacidosis
Type 1 diabetes
...
Type 2 diabetes
-bodys cellls fail to utilize insulin properly... -panceras is s…
35 terms
Chapter 19: Nutrition for Patients with Diabetes Mellitus
The nurse is teaching a nutrition clas…
The nurse is discussing the different…
Acute episodes of illness can create p…
Primary and secondary prevention of di…
B
A
D
B
The nurse is teaching a nutrition clas…
B
The nurse is discussing the different…
A
35 terms
Chapter 19: Nutrition for Patients with Diabetes Mellitus
The nurse is teaching a nutrition clas…
The nurse is discussing the different…
Acute episodes of illness can create p…
Primary and secondary prevention of di…
B
A
D
B
The nurse is teaching a nutrition clas…
B
The nurse is discussing the different…
A
35 terms
"Chapter 19: Nutrition for Patients with Diabetes Mellitus"
The nurse is teaching a nutrition clas…
The nurse is discussing the different…
Acute episodes of illness can create p…
Primary and secondary prevention of di…
B
A
D
B
The nurse is teaching a nutrition clas…
B
The nurse is discussing the different…
A
35 terms
Chapter 19: Nutrition for Patients with Diabetes Mellitus
The nurse is teaching a nutrition clas…
The nurse is discussing the different…
Acute episodes of illness can create p…
Primary and secondary prevention of di…
B
A
D
B
The nurse is teaching a nutrition clas…
B
The nurse is discussing the different…
A
35 terms
Chapter 19: Nutrition for Patients with Diabetes Mellitus
The nurse is teaching a nutrition clas…
The nurse is discussing the different…
Acute episodes of illness can create p…
Primary and secondary prevention of di…
B
A
D
B
The nurse is teaching a nutrition clas…
B
The nurse is discussing the different…
A
35 terms
Chapter 19: Nutrition for Patients with Diabetes Mellitus
Why is the meat and meat exchange list…
What is the reason for the different s…
Acute episodes of illness can create p…
Primary and secondary prevention of di…
It is divided due to fat content.
Type of fat
use regular sweetened carbonated beverages, gelatin, ice crea…
Saturated fat
Why is the meat and meat exchange list…
It is divided due to fat content.
What is the reason for the different s…
Type of fat
35 terms
Chapter 19: Nutrition for Patients with Diabetes Mellitus
The nurse is teaching a nutrition clas…
The nurse is discussing the different…
Acute episodes of illness can create p…
Primary and secondary prevention of di…
B
A
D
B
The nurse is teaching a nutrition clas…
B
The nurse is discussing the different…
A
11 terms
Chapter 19 Diabetic Emergencies and Altered Mental Status
the patient has two or more convulsive…
Aphasia
Place the patient in the recovery posi…
24 hours
Status epilepticus is a condition when
Which of the following refers to difficulty in speaking or un…
Your patient is a 44-year-old male with a history of diabetes…
The signs and symptoms of a transient ischemic attack may las…
the patient has two or more convulsive…
Status epilepticus is a condition when
Aphasia
Which of the following refers to difficulty in speaking or un…
62 terms
Chapter 19 Diabetic Emergencies And Altered Mental Status
______ represents a change in the way…
A lack of any of these can lead to alt…
Normal consciousness is regulated by a…
Other causes of altered mental status…
Altered mental status
Oxygen, glucose, water
Reticular Activating System (RAS)
Trauma, infection, and chemical toxins
______ represents a change in the way…
Altered mental status
A lack of any of these can lead to alt…
Oxygen, glucose, water
18 terms
Chapter 19: Diabetic Emergencies and Altered Mental Status
Aura
Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetic Ketoacidosis
Epilepsy
A sensation experienced by a seizure patient right before the…
Also called "sugar diabetes" or just "diabetes" The condition…
A condition that occurs as a result of high blood sugar (hype…
A medical condition that causes seizures.
Aura
A sensation experienced by a seizure patient right before the…
Diabetes Mellitus
Also called "sugar diabetes" or just "diabetes" The condition…
77 terms
Chapter 19- Diabetic Emergencies and Altered Mental Status
aura
diabetes mellitus
diabetic ketoacidosis DKA
epilepsy
a sensation experienced by a seizure patient right before the…
also called "sugar diabetes" or just "diabetes," the conditio…
a condition that occurs as the result of high blood sugar (hy…
a medical condition that causes seizures
aura
a sensation experienced by a seizure patient right before the…
diabetes mellitus
also called "sugar diabetes" or just "diabetes," the conditio…
18 terms
Chapter 19 Diabetic and Altered Mental Status Emergencies
aura
diabetes mellitus
diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA)
epilepsy
a sensation experienced by a seizure patient right before the…
also called "sugar diabetes" or just "diabetes," the conditio…
a condition that occurs as the result of high blood sugar (hy…
a medical condition that causes seizures.
aura
a sensation experienced by a seizure patient right before the…
diabetes mellitus
also called "sugar diabetes" or just "diabetes," the conditio…
18 terms
Chapter 19: Diabetic Emergencies and Altered Mental Status
Aura
Diabetes mellitus
Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA)
Epilepsy
A sensation experienced by a seizure patient right before the…
The condition brought about by decreased insulin production o…
A condition that occurs as a result of high blood sugar (hype…
A medical condition that causes seizures
Aura
A sensation experienced by a seizure patient right before the…
Diabetes mellitus
The condition brought about by decreased insulin production o…
18 terms
Chapter 19: Diabetic Emergencies and Alter Mental Status
Reticular Activating System
Glucose
Insulin
Diabetes Mellitus
Series of neurological circuits in the brain that control the…
a form sugar, the body's basic source of energy
a hormone produced by the pancreas or taken as a medication b…
the condition brought on by decreased insulin production or t…
Reticular Activating System
Series of neurological circuits in the brain that control the…
Glucose
a form sugar, the body's basic source of energy
70 terms
Chapter 19: Diabetic Emergencies and Altered Mental Status
Absence seizure
Aneurysm
Asphasia
Aura
A seizure that involves brief, sudden lapses in attention. No…
The dilation, or ballooning of a weakened section of the wall…
Difficulty in communicatiom
A sensation experienced by a seizure patient right before the…
Absence seizure
A seizure that involves brief, sudden lapses in attention. No…
Aneurysm
The dilation, or ballooning of a weakened section of the wall…
Chapter 19 Diabetic Emergencies and altered mental status
Reticular activating system (RAS)
Glucose
Insulin
Diabetes mellitus
Series of neurologic circuits in the brain that controls the…
A form of sugar, body's basic source of energy
A hormone produced by the pancreas or taken as a medication b…
Condition brought about by decreased insulin production or th…
Reticular activating system (RAS)
Series of neurologic circuits in the brain that controls the…
Glucose
A form of sugar, body's basic source of energy
Chapter 19-Diabetic Emergencies and Altered Mental Status
Responsible for the functions of stayi…
Oxygen-->... Glucose-->... Water-->
One of the most common causes of alter…
Even slightly altered mental status in…
Reticular Activating System
O: perfuses brain tissue... G: nourishes brain tissue... W:hydrates…
hypoxia
serious underlying issues
Responsible for the functions of stayi…
Reticular Activating System
Oxygen-->... Glucose-->... Water-->
O: perfuses brain tissue... G: nourishes brain tissue... W:hydrates…
18 terms
Chapter 19: Diabetic Emergencies and Altered Mental Status
Aura
Diabetes mellitus
Diabetic Ketoacidosis
Epilepsy
Sensation experienced by a seizure right before the seizure
Also called sugar diabetes or just diabetes, the condition br…
Condition that occurs as the result of high blood sugar ( hyp…
Medical condition that causes seizures
Aura
Sensation experienced by a seizure right before the seizure
Diabetes mellitus
Also called sugar diabetes or just diabetes, the condition br…
15 terms
Chapter 19: Diabetic Emergencies and Altered Mental Status
aura
diabetes mellitus (sugar diabetes)
epilepsy
generalized seizure
a sensation experienced by a seizure patient right before the…
a condition that occurs as the result of high blood sugar (hy…
a medical condition that causes seizures
a seizure that affects both sides of the brain
aura
a sensation experienced by a seizure patient right before the…
diabetes mellitus (sugar diabetes)
a condition that occurs as the result of high blood sugar (hy…
72 terms
Chapter19: Nutrition for Patients with Diabetes
Type __ Diabetes: autoimmune response…
Type __ Diabetes: slowly arises as a r…
Which type of diabetes always has to…
When one's insulin is too weak or too…
1
2
Diabetes 1
Insulin Resistance
Type __ Diabetes: autoimmune response…
1
Type __ Diabetes: slowly arises as a r…
2
18 terms
Chapter 19: Diabetic Emergencies and Altered Mental Status
aura
diabetes mellitus
diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA)
epilepsy
a sensation experienced by a seizure patient right before the…
also called sugar diabetes, or just diabetes, the condition b…
a condition that occurs as the result of high blood sugar (hy…
a medical condition that causes seizures
aura
a sensation experienced by a seizure patient right before the…
diabetes mellitus
also called sugar diabetes, or just diabetes, the condition b…
28 terms
EMT Chapter 19- Diabetic Emergencies and AMS
reticular activating system (RAS)
RAS needs 3 things
glucose
insulin
neurological circuits in brain control functions like staying…
glucose, oxygen, water
body's basic source of energy
hormone secreted by pancreas that helps bring glucose into ce…
reticular activating system (RAS)
neurological circuits in brain control functions like staying…
RAS needs 3 things
glucose, oxygen, water
48 terms
Chapter 19 - Diabetic Emergencies & Altered Mental Status
Glucose
Insulin
Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetic
A form of sugar, the bodies basic source of energy. Absorbed…
A hormone produced by the pancreas. Must be present with gluc…
Sugar diabetes, decreased insulin production or more commonly…
hypoglycemia or hyperglycemia
Glucose
A form of sugar, the bodies basic source of energy. Absorbed…
Insulin
A hormone produced by the pancreas. Must be present with gluc…
48 terms
Chapter 19 - Diabetic Emergencies & Altered Mental Status
Glucose
Insulin
Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetic
A form of sugar, the bodies basic source of energy. Absorbed…
A hormone produced by the pancreas. Must be present with gluc…
Sugar diabetes, decreased insulin production or more commonly…
hypoglycemia or hyperglycemia
Glucose
A form of sugar, the bodies basic source of energy. Absorbed…
Insulin
A hormone produced by the pancreas. Must be present with gluc…
48 terms
Chapter 19 - Diabetic Emergencies & Altered Mental Status
Glucose
Insulin
Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetic
A form of sugar, the bodies basic source of energy. Absorbed…
A hormone produced by the pancreas. Must be present with gluc…
Sugar diabetes, decreased insulin production or more commonly…
hypoglycemia or hyperglycemia
Glucose
A form of sugar, the bodies basic source of energy. Absorbed…
Insulin
A hormone produced by the pancreas. Must be present with gluc…
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