Study sets matching "diabetes nutrition diabetes"

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Study sets matching "diabetes nutrition diabetes"

61 terms
Diabetes & Nutrition
Normal BG level when fasting
Two different types of insulin secretion
What is the metabolic effect of insulin?
How is hypoglycemia prevented in the h…
60-150 mg/dL
Basal & Prandial
Liver - promotes prodxn/storage of glycogen (glycogenesis)... L…
The secretion of glucagon prevents hypoglycemia by promoting…
Normal BG level when fasting
60-150 mg/dL
Two different types of insulin secretion
Basal & Prandial
21 terms
Nutrition and Diabetes
carbohydrate counting
carbohydrate loading
epinephrine (adrenaline)
fasting hypoglycemia
a method to track carbohydrates consumed so that those with d…
a technique employed by endurance athletes that involves cons…
a hormone released from the adrenal glands to help the body p…
low levels of blood glucose that occurs when people have not…
carbohydrate counting
a method to track carbohydrates consumed so that those with d…
carbohydrate loading
a technique employed by endurance athletes that involves cons…
23 terms
Nutrition- Diabetes
Define diabetes
What are the 5 key points of Diabetes…
What is normal fasting blood glucose l…
How does obesity affect insulin?
Disease characterized by the abnormal use of carbohydrates by…
1) Diabetes and weight are related... 2)Diabetes and obesity are…
3.5-5.5 mmol/L
Insulin secreted isn't used because visceral fat clogs the in…
Define diabetes
Disease characterized by the abnormal use of carbohydrates by…
What are the 5 key points of Diabetes…
1) Diabetes and weight are related... 2)Diabetes and obesity are…
27 terms
Nutrition Diabetes
What is diabetes?
What are the three major forms of diab…
What is the number one cause of death…
Diabetes is the number __ cause of dea…
An abnormal utilization of glucose by the body characterized…
Type 1... Type 2 (most common)... Gestational diabetes (during preg…
Heart disease
7th
What is diabetes?
An abnormal utilization of glucose by the body characterized…
What are the three major forms of diab…
Type 1... Type 2 (most common)... Gestational diabetes (during preg…
Nutrition Diabetes
Ketones
Hyperglycemia
Hypoglycemia
(during High blood glucose) Pancreas
Compounds made from incomplete fatty acid breakdown when insu…
High blood glucose levels
Low blood glucose levels
secretes insulin into the bloodstream when it detects a rise…
Ketones
Compounds made from incomplete fatty acid breakdown when insu…
Hyperglycemia
High blood glucose levels
105 terms
Nutrition- Diabetes
What is the 6th leading cause of death…
What is diabetes?
What are some symptoms of diabetes?
What is the criteria for diagnosing di…
diabetes mellitus
a metabolic disorder characterized by elevated blood glucose…
-polyuria... -polydipsia... -polyphagia... -weight loss... -dehydration... -…
-random plasma glucose concentration > 200 mg/dL and classic…
What is the 6th leading cause of death…
diabetes mellitus
What is diabetes?
a metabolic disorder characterized by elevated blood glucose…
21 terms
Nutrition: Diabetes
• Diabetes Mellitus
• Type 1 Diabetes
• Type 2 Diabetes
• Polyuria
o Group of metabolic diseases characterized by hyperglycemia…
o Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus or juvenile diabetes... o…
o Non-insulin dependent diabetes or adult-onset diabetes... o 90…
o Excessive urine excretion
• Diabetes Mellitus
o Group of metabolic diseases characterized by hyperglycemia…
• Type 1 Diabetes
o Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus or juvenile diabetes... o…
81 terms
nutrition - diabetes
diabetes mellitus
diabetes mellitus characterized by
insulin & metabolism
insulin & metabolism - fat stores
group of conditions characterized by:... - relative /complete la…
usually characterized by: elevated fasting blood glucose (>12…
- main goal of treatment is maintence of insulin/glucose home…
fat stores are catabolized for energy needs... *ketones accumula…
diabetes mellitus
group of conditions characterized by:... - relative /complete la…
diabetes mellitus characterized by
usually characterized by: elevated fasting blood glucose (>12…
Nutrition - Diabetes
goals of nutrition therapy for DM
appropriate carb % intake
how to eat carbs
diet approach is NOT..
blood glucose levels, optimal lipid levels, appropriate calor…
50% of calories
spread throughout day
one size fits all
goals of nutrition therapy for DM
blood glucose levels, optimal lipid levels, appropriate calor…
appropriate carb % intake
50% of calories
61 terms
Diabetes (Nutrition)
Diabetes
DM usually indicated by what glucose l…
Prediabetes
Advice for pre diabetic patients
- Characterized by: lack of insulin secretion by beta cells &…
>126 mg/dL fasting glucose on more than one occasion
- Impaired glucose tolerance ... - Link to obesity/lifestyle
- Risk of T2DM... - Importance of weight management... - Important…
Diabetes
- Characterized by: lack of insulin secretion by beta cells &…
DM usually indicated by what glucose l…
>126 mg/dL fasting glucose on more than one occasion
27 terms
nutrition diabetes
blood glucose
insulin
glycogen
pre diabetes and type 2
all carbohydrates break down into ____ _____... -blood sugar
_____ is necessary in order to utilize the glucose form the c…
1. elevated blood glucose ... 2. pancreas releases insulin ... 3. g…
-progressive disease... 1. insulin resistance ... -high added sugar…
blood glucose
all carbohydrates break down into ____ _____... -blood sugar
insulin
_____ is necessary in order to utilize the glucose form the c…
42 terms
Diabetes + Nutrition
Diabetes Mellitus definition
Cause of Type 1 Diabetes
Cause of Type 2 Diabetes
Elements of metabolic syndrome
Group of metabolic disorders characterized by hyperglycemia d…
Autoimmune destruction of pancreatic beta cells leading to no…
Desensitization or loss of insulin receptors leading to minim…
- Central obesity... - Insulin resistance... - Hyperglycemia... - HTN…
Diabetes Mellitus definition
Group of metabolic disorders characterized by hyperglycemia d…
Cause of Type 1 Diabetes
Autoimmune destruction of pancreatic beta cells leading to no…
15 terms
nutrition and diabetes
type 1 diabetes
type 2 diabetes
features of type 1 diabetes
features of type 2 diabetes
-autoimmune disease... -problem: pancreas does not produce insul…
-insulin resistance... -80-90% are obese/overweight... -at beginnin…
-prevalence: 5-10%... -<30 years... -autoimmune diseases, viral inf…
-90-95% prevalence... ->40 years... -obesity, aging, inactivity, in…
type 1 diabetes
-autoimmune disease... -problem: pancreas does not produce insul…
type 2 diabetes
-insulin resistance... -80-90% are obese/overweight... -at beginnin…
18 terms
Nutrition and Diabetes
what is the DE's role in providing nut…
what is the role of a dietician for a…
what type of patient should be referre…
how often should a patient see a dieti…
provide basic level of nutrition on:... General info. On the rol…
-medical nutrition therapy (build on pt knowledge, assessment…
newly diagnosed, t1dm, any one on insulin, pregnant, people r…
3- 4 sessions (45-90 min) and annual review.
what is the DE's role in providing nut…
provide basic level of nutrition on:... General info. On the rol…
what is the role of a dietician for a…
-medical nutrition therapy (build on pt knowledge, assessment…
Nutrition and Diabetes
4 goals of Nutritional Management in D…
What is main dietary impact in diabete…
Dietary recommendations include:
What is Glycaemic index?
1. achieve optimal glycaemic control... 2. achieve optimal lipid…
-total carbohydrates
-low salt ... -low fat (especially saturated fats) ... -small amoun…
-the ranking of carbohydrates according to their effect on bl…
4 goals of Nutritional Management in D…
1. achieve optimal glycaemic control... 2. achieve optimal lipid…
What is main dietary impact in diabete…
-total carbohydrates
Nutrition and Diabetes
Insulin
Glucagon
Type 1 Diabetes
Ketons
a hormone produced in the pancreas that removes glucose from…
a hormone produced in the pancreas that increases glucose ava…
an autoimmune disease characterized by elevated blood glucose…
compounds synthesized from fatty acids by the liver when insu…
Insulin
a hormone produced in the pancreas that removes glucose from…
Glucagon
a hormone produced in the pancreas that increases glucose ava…
26 terms
Nutrition Diabetes
How is diabetes mellitus diagnosed?
Macrovascular complications of diabetes?
Microvascular complications of diabetes?
Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus
Fasting blood glucose values greater than 126mg/dL on at leas…
CAD, PVD, CVD
Nephropathy, retionpathy, neuropathy, impaired wound healing
RAPID ONSET usually younger than 20 years of age, cells starv…
How is diabetes mellitus diagnosed?
Fasting blood glucose values greater than 126mg/dL on at leas…
Macrovascular complications of diabetes?
CAD, PVD, CVD
Diabetes and Nutrition
Hypoglycemia treatment
Carbohydrates and Diabetes
Fats
Fiber
15-20 g carbs - 8 hard candies, 4 oz juice, retest and repeat…
130g/day and 45-60%
saturated fat less than 7%
14g
Hypoglycemia treatment
15-20 g carbs - 8 hard candies, 4 oz juice, retest and repeat…
Carbohydrates and Diabetes
130g/day and 45-60%
85 terms
nutrition: diabetes
A metabolic disorder characterized by…
what are some symptoms of diabetes?
What should the fasting glucose level…
What should the non-fasting glucose le…
Diabetes mellitus
glycosuria... polydipsia... polyuria... polyphagia... blurred vision... incr…
126mg/dL or greater
200 mg/dL or greater and classic symptoms
A metabolic disorder characterized by…
Diabetes mellitus
what are some symptoms of diabetes?
glycosuria... polydipsia... polyuria... polyphagia... blurred vision... incr…
Nutrition and Diabetes
insulin
glucagon
type 1 diabetes mellitus
ketones (ketone bodies)
a hormone produced in the pancreas that removes glucose from…
a hormone produced in the pancreas that increases glucose ava…
an autoimmune disease characterized by elevated blood glucose…
compounds synthesized from fatty acids by the liver when insu…
insulin
a hormone produced in the pancreas that removes glucose from…
glucagon
a hormone produced in the pancreas that increases glucose ava…
7 terms
Nutrition in Diabetes
Fasting
2 Hours Post Prandial
Bedtime
HbA1C
80- 110 mg/dL
100- 180 mg/ dL
100-140 mg/dL
<6.5% Normal 4.4 - 6.5% good control
Fasting
80- 110 mg/dL
2 Hours Post Prandial
100- 180 mg/ dL
8 terms
Nutrition and Diabetes
what is diabetes?
how is diabetes classified?
type 1 diabetes
autoimmune disease
metabolic disorder... elevated blood levels of gluose
by underlying cause
caused by lack of insulin production ... factors such as genetic…
disorders caused by production of antibodies that attack and…
what is diabetes?
metabolic disorder... elevated blood levels of gluose
how is diabetes classified?
by underlying cause
Nutrition- Diabetes
1. Define insulin and state the role o…
a. Where is insulin produced?
b. What is the function of insulin?
c. What is the effect of too little in…
A hormone produced by the beta cells in the pancreas.
pancreas
Allows glucose to be transported to the cells which use it fo…
Glucose accumulates in the blood resulting in hyperglycemia.…
1. Define insulin and state the role o…
A hormone produced by the beta cells in the pancreas.
a. Where is insulin produced?
pancreas
30 terms
Diabetes and Nutrition
medical nutrition therapy
insulin
increased consumption long chain omega…
limit fats
-for patients with diabetes... -count carbs and carb:insulin rat…
-can use alone or with oral agents... -initial spike lasting 10…
-fatty fish
-trans fatty acids... -reduce CVD risk
medical nutrition therapy
-for patients with diabetes... -count carbs and carb:insulin rat…
insulin
-can use alone or with oral agents... -initial spike lasting 10…
Nutrition in Diabetes
Evaluation of the effectiveness of Die…
Sick Day Monitoring
TEST QUESTION... Clinical Correlate Hypo…
What effects does alcohol have on gluc…
Sick Day Monitoring.... - During periods of illness and infectio…
Treatment of Hypogylcemia... Guidelines are as follows:... Glucose…
Alcohol BLOCKS GLUCONEOGENESIS
Evaluation of the effectiveness of Die…
Sick Day Monitoring
Sick Day Monitoring.... - During periods of illness and infectio…
40 terms
Diabetes and Nutrition
diabetes... def... causes
diabetes ... short term complications 3
diabetes ... long term complications Chr…
Diagnostic criteria 4... EXAM
group of metabolic disorders characterized by hyperglycemia,…
keto-acidosis... hyperosmolarity... lactic acidosis
1. long-term damage to eyes... 2.kidneys damage... 3. nerves damage…
1. Fasting plasma glucose > 126 mg/dl after an overnight 8 ho…
diabetes... def... causes
group of metabolic disorders characterized by hyperglycemia,…
diabetes ... short term complications 3
keto-acidosis... hyperosmolarity... lactic acidosis
16 terms
nutrition in diabetes
what are the overall goals of the mana…
what do diabetics need to be educated…
what should meal plans include?
describe sick-day monitoring
adjustments to their diet, behavior, medication, blood glucos…
carbohydrate of meals;... consistency in acts and time of eating…
portion sizes;... sick-day monitoring;
1. release of hormones which enable the body to fight disease…
what are the overall goals of the mana…
adjustments to their diet, behavior, medication, blood glucos…
what do diabetics need to be educated…
carbohydrate of meals;... consistency in acts and time of eating…
33 terms
Diabetes
polydipsia
polyphagia
polyuria
hyperglycemia
Chronic thirst, excessive intake of water; it is a common sym…
excessive hunger; it is a common symptom of uncontrolled diab…
increased frequency or volume of urinary output; it is a comm…
excessive concentrations of glucose in the blood;
polydipsia
Chronic thirst, excessive intake of water; it is a common sym…
polyphagia
excessive hunger; it is a common symptom of uncontrolled diab…
80 terms
nutrition diabetes
define type 1 diabetes
symptoms of type 1 diabetes
define type 2 diabetes
symptoms of type 2 diabetes
formerly known as insulin dependent diabetes mellitus or juve…
polyuria... polydipsia... polyphagia... appear abruptly... sometimes the…
referred to as noninsulin dependent diabetes or adult onset d…
they are had to spot at first since they progress very slowly…
define type 1 diabetes
formerly known as insulin dependent diabetes mellitus or juve…
symptoms of type 1 diabetes
polyuria... polydipsia... polyphagia... appear abruptly... sometimes the…
8 terms
Diabetes Nutrition
nutrition goals
nutrition therapy
starches
vegetables
achieve blood glucose goals and optimal lipid levels... provide…
determine calorie needs... determine appropriate CHO intake, abo…
1/2 cup or slice... 15 gm
1/2 cup cooked, 1 cup raw... 5 gm
nutrition goals
achieve blood glucose goals and optimal lipid levels... provide…
nutrition therapy
determine calorie needs... determine appropriate CHO intake, abo…
10 terms
Nutrition: Diabetes
Discuss diet recommendations for pre-d…
Discuss diet recommendations for type…
Discuss diet recommendations for type…
Describe insulin resistance and long-t…
Prevent diabetes!... - weight loss... decrease 500-1000 calories…
insulin dependent diabetes bc the pancreas doesn't make insul…
Insulin does not glucose to cells (insulin resistance)... - weig…
- atherosclerosis... - inflammation of the liver and cirrhosis... -…
Discuss diet recommendations for pre-d…
Prevent diabetes!... - weight loss... decrease 500-1000 calories…
Discuss diet recommendations for type…
insulin dependent diabetes bc the pancreas doesn't make insul…
16 terms
Nutrition in diabetes
what are the overall goals of the mana…
what do diabetics need to be educated…
what should meal plans include?
describe sick-day monitoring
adjustments to their diet, behavior, medication, blood glucos…
carbohydrate of meals;... consistency in acts and time of eating…
portion sizes;... sick-day monitoring;
1. release of hormones which enable the body to fight disease…
what are the overall goals of the mana…
adjustments to their diet, behavior, medication, blood glucos…
what do diabetics need to be educated…
carbohydrate of meals;... consistency in acts and time of eating…
10 terms
Diabetes/Nutrition
-diagnostic criteria for diabetes
-insulin stimulators
insulin repressors
glucagon increases:
-fasting plasma glucose > 126 mg/dl after overnight 8 hour fa…
-increased blood glucose, amino acids, fatty acids... -incretin…
-leptin... -sympathetic nervous system
-breakdown of glycogen... -lipolysis... -gluconeogenesis... -ketogenesis
-diagnostic criteria for diabetes
-fasting plasma glucose > 126 mg/dl after overnight 8 hour fa…
-insulin stimulators
-increased blood glucose, amino acids, fatty acids... -incretin…
5 terms
Diabetes - Nutrition
Risk factor : high GI foods
Risk factor : fats and carbohydrates
Protective factor: low GI diet
Protective factor: high fiber
these foods (such as white bread) enter the bloodstream quick…
these foods (such as dairy foods and bread) in eaten in quant…
low GI foods (such as legumes) improve the ability of the cel…
these foods provide bulk and feelings of fullness, which help…
Risk factor : high GI foods
these foods (such as white bread) enter the bloodstream quick…
Risk factor : fats and carbohydrates
these foods (such as dairy foods and bread) in eaten in quant…
28 terms
nutrition diabetes
type 1 diabetes
what are the 3 Ps patients present wit…
type 2 diabetes
gestational diabetes
insulin resistant... autoimmune response. Immune system attacks…
Have 3 ps -polyuria (high amounts of urine output) polydypsei…
noninsulin dependent. Insulin resistence. Body makes it but d…
28 weeks prego body works agains insulin production. Overweig…
type 1 diabetes
insulin resistant... autoimmune response. Immune system attacks…
what are the 3 Ps patients present wit…
Have 3 ps -polyuria (high amounts of urine output) polydypsei…
9 terms
Nutrition- diabetes
Diabetes
Three types of diabetes
Type 1 diabetes symptoms
Type 2 diabetes
Inability to regulate blood glucose levels... Uncontrolled can c…
Type 1 diabetes... Type 2 diabetes... Gestational diabetes
Frequent urination... Unusual thirst... Extreme hunger... Unusual weig…
Any of the type 1 symptoms... Frequent infections... Blurred vision…
Diabetes
Inability to regulate blood glucose levels... Uncontrolled can c…
Three types of diabetes
Type 1 diabetes... Type 2 diabetes... Gestational diabetes
Nutrition- Diabetes
45
Type 2 Diabetes
Hyperinsulinemia
Type 2 Diabetes
Type 2 diabetes is usually diagnosed in adults over ___ years…
Many cases of this type of diabetes remain undiagnosed.
When the pancreas secretes larger amounts of insulin to compe…
Overweight children, or those with family history, are at inc…
45
Type 2 diabetes is usually diagnosed in adults over ___ years…
Type 2 Diabetes
Many cases of this type of diabetes remain undiagnosed.
59 terms
Diabetes Nutrition
What is the best way to avoid complica…
modest weight loss
target pre-prandial blood glucose (ADA)
target pre-prandial blood glucose (AACE)
Intensively control the blood glucose
improve glycemia, BP, and lipids, intensive lifestyle interve…
80-130 mg/dL
<110 mg/dL
What is the best way to avoid complica…
Intensively control the blood glucose
modest weight loss
improve glycemia, BP, and lipids, intensive lifestyle interve…
Diabetes/Nutrition
Type one diabetes
Type two diabetes
Insulin
Glucose
a genetic disease causing no insulin to be produced in your b…
a disease caused by poor diet and unhealthy foods. Insulin is…
A protein hormone synthesized in the pancreas that regulates…
A simple sugar that is an important source of energy.
Type one diabetes
a genetic disease causing no insulin to be produced in your b…
Type two diabetes
a disease caused by poor diet and unhealthy foods. Insulin is…
38 terms
Nutrition: Diabetes
diabetes
hyperglycemia
type 1
hyperinsulinemia
metabolic disorder characterized by hyperglycemia and disorde…
high blood glucose levels
insulin production is deficient, two causes:... a. autoimmune de…
excess insulin in blood
diabetes
metabolic disorder characterized by hyperglycemia and disorde…
hyperglycemia
high blood glucose levels
33 terms
Diabetes
Polydipsia
polyphagia
polyuria
hyperglycemia
Chronic excessive intake of water; it is a common symptom of…
excessive eating; it is a common symptom of uncontrolled diab…
increased frequency or volume of urinary output; it is a comm…
excessive concentrations of glucose in the blood; fasting BS…
Polydipsia
Chronic excessive intake of water; it is a common symptom of…
polyphagia
excessive eating; it is a common symptom of uncontrolled diab…
19 terms
Nutrition diabetes
Disengagement theory
Starch
Activity theory
Complex vs simple carbs
Older adult withdraws and becomes self focused.
Source of dietary carbs, digestive process breaks down into s…
Successful aging involves maintaining high levels of activity…
Simple break down quickly for energy, complex are more healthy.
Disengagement theory
Older adult withdraws and becomes self focused.
Starch
Source of dietary carbs, digestive process breaks down into s…
Diabetes Nutrition
first step
adequate carb intake
what percent of calories should come f…
What is the best carb source
cut unnecessary calories
130 gm/day
60-70%
complex-whole unrefined plant foods
first step
cut unnecessary calories
adequate carb intake
130 gm/day
Nutrition: Diabetes
Carbohydrates ( Sugars): Complex
Fats
Protein
Can a Diabetic have sucrose?
45%- 65%
2nd Choice
Limit to 10%- 20%
yes
Carbohydrates ( Sugars): Complex
45%- 65%
Fats
2nd Choice
61 terms
Diabetes & Nutrition
Sedentary adults require ____to mainta…
Moderately active adult require ____ t…
Very active adult require _____ to mai…
If you burn 1 g of carbs you will get…
30 kcal/kg/day
35 kcal/kg/day
40 kcal/kg/day
4
Sedentary adults require ____to mainta…
30 kcal/kg/day
Moderately active adult require ____ t…
35 kcal/kg/day
Nutrition and Diabetes
Complications
Type 1
Type 2
Gestational
leading cause of nontraumatic limb amputations d/t neuropathy…
Autoimmune, juvenille diabetes... Beta cells of pancreas are des…
increasing resistance, lifestyle... now being seen in children a…
unique to pregnancy
Complications
leading cause of nontraumatic limb amputations d/t neuropathy…
Type 1
Autoimmune, juvenille diabetes... Beta cells of pancreas are des…
44 terms
Diabetes and Nutrition
Diabetes
nutrition
impair
convert
diyabet, şeker hastalığı
beslenme
zarar vermek, bozmak
dönüştürmek
Diabetes
diyabet, şeker hastalığı
nutrition
beslenme
Nutrition for Diabetes
Carb Metabolism
Glycogen
Carb Metabolism
Fat Metabolism
>carbs are absorbed from intestines during meals ... >some carb…
converted into glucose and used for energy
+Lack of Insulin or resistance to insulin = GLUCOSE CANNOT EN…
1.) NOT TRUE= weight gain occurs... 2.) TRUE:... >eNERGY NOT suppl…
Carb Metabolism
>carbs are absorbed from intestines during meals ... >some carb…
Glycogen
converted into glucose and used for energy
Nutrition for diabetes
Diabetes Mellitus
A1C
Fasting Plasma Glucose
Oral Glucose Tolerance
Relative or complete lack of insulin secretion by beta cells…
6.5+
126+
200+
Diabetes Mellitus
Relative or complete lack of insulin secretion by beta cells…
A1C
6.5+
Nutrition for Diabetes
Adjusted body weight =
Activity factor - Sedentary
Activity factor - Lightly active (1-3…
Activity factor - moderately active (3…
IBW + (actual wt - IBW) x 0.25
1.2
1.375
1.55
Adjusted body weight =
IBW + (actual wt - IBW) x 0.25
Activity factor - Sedentary
1.2
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