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Study sets matching "diabetes nutrition diabetes"

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Study sets matching "diabetes nutrition diabetes"

61 terms
Diabetes & Nutrition
Normal BG level when fasting
Two different types of insulin secretion
What is the metabolic effect of insulin?
How is hypoglycemia prevented in the h…
60-150 mg/dL
Basal & Prandial
Liver - promotes prodxn/storage of glycogen (glycogenesis)... L…
The secretion of glucagon prevents hypoglycemia by promoting…
Normal BG level when fasting
60-150 mg/dL
Two different types of insulin secretion
Basal & Prandial
21 terms
Nutrition and Diabetes
carbohydrate counting
carbohydrate loading
epinephrine (adrenaline)
fasting hypoglycemia
a method to track carbohydrates consumed so that those with d…
a technique employed by endurance athletes that involves cons…
a hormone released from the adrenal glands to help the body p…
low levels of blood glucose that occurs when people have not…
carbohydrate counting
a method to track carbohydrates consumed so that those with d…
carbohydrate loading
a technique employed by endurance athletes that involves cons…
23 terms
Nutrition- Diabetes
Define diabetes
What are the 5 key points of Diabetes…
What is normal fasting blood glucose l…
How does obesity affect insulin?
Disease characterized by the abnormal use of carbohydrates by…
1) Diabetes and weight are related... 2)Diabetes and obesity are…
3.5-5.5 mmol/L
Insulin secreted isn't used because visceral fat clogs the in…
Define diabetes
Disease characterized by the abnormal use of carbohydrates by…
What are the 5 key points of Diabetes…
1) Diabetes and weight are related... 2)Diabetes and obesity are…
10 terms
Nutrition Diabetes
Ketones
Hyperglycemia
Hypoglycemia
(during High blood glucose) Pancreas
Compounds made from incomplete fatty acid breakdown when insu…
High blood glucose levels
Low blood glucose levels
secretes insulin into the bloodstream when it detects a rise…
Ketones
Compounds made from incomplete fatty acid breakdown when insu…
Hyperglycemia
High blood glucose levels
27 terms
Nutrition Diabetes
What is diabetes?
What are the three major forms of diab…
What is the number one cause of death…
Diabetes is the number __ cause of dea…
An abnormal utilization of glucose by the body characterized…
Type 1... Type 2 (most common)... Gestational diabetes (during preg…
Heart disease
7th
What is diabetes?
An abnormal utilization of glucose by the body characterized…
What are the three major forms of diab…
Type 1... Type 2 (most common)... Gestational diabetes (during preg…
17 terms
Nutrition and Diabetes
insulin
glucagon
type 1 diabetes mellitus
ketones (ketone bodies)
a hormone produced in the pancreas that removes glucose from…
a hormone produced in the pancreas that increases glucose ava…
an autoimmune disease characterized by elevated blood glucose…
compounds synthesized from fatty acids by the liver when insu…
insulin
a hormone produced in the pancreas that removes glucose from…
glucagon
a hormone produced in the pancreas that increases glucose ava…
105 terms
Nutrition- Diabetes
What is the 6th leading cause of death…
What is diabetes?
What are some symptoms of diabetes?
What is the criteria for diagnosing di…
diabetes mellitus
a metabolic disorder characterized by elevated blood glucose…
-polyuria... -polydipsia... -polyphagia... -weight loss... -dehydration... -…
-random plasma glucose concentration > 200 mg/dL and classic…
What is the 6th leading cause of death…
diabetes mellitus
What is diabetes?
a metabolic disorder characterized by elevated blood glucose…
21 terms
Nutrition: Diabetes
• Diabetes Mellitus
• Type 1 Diabetes
• Type 2 Diabetes
• Polyuria
o Group of metabolic diseases characterized by hyperglycemia…
o Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus or juvenile diabetes... o…
o Non-insulin dependent diabetes or adult-onset diabetes... o 90…
o Excessive urine excretion
• Diabetes Mellitus
o Group of metabolic diseases characterized by hyperglycemia…
• Type 1 Diabetes
o Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus or juvenile diabetes... o…
81 terms
nutrition - diabetes
diabetes mellitus
diabetes mellitus characterized by
insulin & metabolism
insulin & metabolism - fat stores
group of conditions characterized by:... - relative /complete la…
usually characterized by: elevated fasting blood glucose (>12…
- main goal of treatment is maintence of insulin/glucose home…
fat stores are catabolized for energy needs... *ketones accumula…
diabetes mellitus
group of conditions characterized by:... - relative /complete la…
diabetes mellitus characterized by
usually characterized by: elevated fasting blood glucose (>12…
19 terms
Nutrition - Diabetes
goals of nutrition therapy for DM
appropriate carb % intake
how to eat carbs
diet approach is NOT..
blood glucose levels, optimal lipid levels, appropriate calor…
50% of calories
spread throughout day
one size fits all
goals of nutrition therapy for DM
blood glucose levels, optimal lipid levels, appropriate calor…
appropriate carb % intake
50% of calories
61 terms
Diabetes (Nutrition)
Diabetes
DM usually indicated by what glucose l…
Prediabetes
Advice for pre diabetic patients
- Characterized by: lack of insulin secretion by beta cells &…
>126 mg/dL fasting glucose on more than one occasion
- Impaired glucose tolerance ... - Link to obesity/lifestyle
- Risk of T2DM... - Importance of weight management... - Important…
Diabetes
- Characterized by: lack of insulin secretion by beta cells &…
DM usually indicated by what glucose l…
>126 mg/dL fasting glucose on more than one occasion
42 terms
Diabetes + Nutrition
Diabetes Mellitus definition
Cause of Type 1 Diabetes
Cause of Type 2 Diabetes
Elements of metabolic syndrome
Group of metabolic disorders characterized by hyperglycemia d…
Autoimmune destruction of pancreatic beta cells leading to no…
Desensitization or loss of insulin receptors leading to minim…
- Central obesity... - Insulin resistance... - Hyperglycemia... - HTN…
Diabetes Mellitus definition
Group of metabolic disorders characterized by hyperglycemia d…
Cause of Type 1 Diabetes
Autoimmune destruction of pancreatic beta cells leading to no…
28 terms
nutrition diabetes
type 1 diabetes
what are the 3 Ps patients present wit…
type 2 diabetes
gestational diabetes
insulin resistant... autoimmune response. Immune system attacks…
Have 3 ps -polyuria (high amounts of urine output) polydypsei…
noninsulin dependent. Insulin resistence. Body makes it but d…
28 weeks prego body works agains insulin production. Overweig…
type 1 diabetes
insulin resistant... autoimmune response. Immune system attacks…
what are the 3 Ps patients present wit…
Have 3 ps -polyuria (high amounts of urine output) polydypsei…
15 terms
nutrition and diabetes
type 1 diabetes
type 2 diabetes
features of type 1 diabetes
features of type 2 diabetes
-autoimmune disease... -problem: pancreas does not produce insul…
-insulin resistance... -80-90% are obese/overweight... -at beginnin…
-prevalence: 5-10%... -<30 years... -autoimmune diseases, viral inf…
-90-95% prevalence... ->40 years... -obesity, aging, inactivity, in…
type 1 diabetes
-autoimmune disease... -problem: pancreas does not produce insul…
type 2 diabetes
-insulin resistance... -80-90% are obese/overweight... -at beginnin…
16 terms
nutrition in diabetes
what are the overall goals of the mana…
what do diabetics need to be educated…
what should meal plans include?
describe sick-day monitoring
adjustments to their diet, behavior, medication, blood glucos…
carbohydrate of meals;... consistency in acts and time of eating…
portion sizes;... sick-day monitoring;
1. release of hormones which enable the body to fight disease…
what are the overall goals of the mana…
adjustments to their diet, behavior, medication, blood glucos…
what do diabetics need to be educated…
carbohydrate of meals;... consistency in acts and time of eating…
18 terms
Nutrition and Diabetes
what is the DE's role in providing nut…
what is the role of a dietician for a…
what type of patient should be referre…
how often should a patient see a dieti…
provide basic level of nutrition on:... General info. On the rol…
-medical nutrition therapy (build on pt knowledge, assessment…
newly diagnosed, t1dm, any one on insulin, pregnant, people r…
3- 4 sessions (45-90 min) and annual review.
what is the DE's role in providing nut…
provide basic level of nutrition on:... General info. On the rol…
what is the role of a dietician for a…
-medical nutrition therapy (build on pt knowledge, assessment…
10 terms
Nutrition and Diabetes
4 goals of Nutritional Management in D…
What is main dietary impact in diabete…
Dietary recommendations include:
What is Glycaemic index?
1. achieve optimal glycaemic control... 2. achieve optimal lipid…
-total carbohydrates
-low salt ... -low fat (especially saturated fats) ... -small amoun…
-the ranking of carbohydrates according to their effect on bl…
4 goals of Nutritional Management in D…
1. achieve optimal glycaemic control... 2. achieve optimal lipid…
What is main dietary impact in diabete…
-total carbohydrates
16 terms
Nutrition in diabetes
what are the overall goals of the mana…
what do diabetics need to be educated…
what should meal plans include?
describe sick-day monitoring
adjustments to their diet, behavior, medication, blood glucos…
carbohydrate of meals;... consistency in acts and time of eating…
portion sizes;... sick-day monitoring;
1. release of hormones which enable the body to fight disease…
what are the overall goals of the mana…
adjustments to their diet, behavior, medication, blood glucos…
what do diabetics need to be educated…
carbohydrate of meals;... consistency in acts and time of eating…
26 terms
Nutrition Diabetes
How is diabetes mellitus diagnosed?
Macrovascular complications of diabetes?
Microvascular complications of diabetes?
Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus
Fasting blood glucose values greater than 126mg/dL on at leas…
CAD, PVD, CVD
Nephropathy, retionpathy, neuropathy, impaired wound healing
RAPID ONSET usually younger than 20 years of age, cells starv…
How is diabetes mellitus diagnosed?
Fasting blood glucose values greater than 126mg/dL on at leas…
Macrovascular complications of diabetes?
CAD, PVD, CVD
18 terms
Nutrition- Diabetes
1. Define insulin and state the role o…
a. Where is insulin produced?
b. What is the function of insulin?
c. What is the effect of too little in…
A hormone produced by the beta cells in the pancreas.
pancreas
Allows glucose to be transported to the cells which use it fo…
Glucose accumulates in the blood resulting in hyperglycemia.…
1. Define insulin and state the role o…
A hormone produced by the beta cells in the pancreas.
a. Where is insulin produced?
pancreas
85 terms
nutrition: diabetes
A metabolic disorder characterized by…
what are some symptoms of diabetes?
What should the fasting glucose level…
What should the non-fasting glucose le…
Diabetes mellitus
glycosuria... polydipsia... polyuria... polyphagia... blurred vision... incr…
126mg/dL or greater
200 mg/dL or greater and classic symptoms
A metabolic disorder characterized by…
Diabetes mellitus
what are some symptoms of diabetes?
glycosuria... polydipsia... polyuria... polyphagia... blurred vision... incr…
8 terms
Nutrition and Diabetes
what is diabetes?
how is diabetes classified?
type 1 diabetes
autoimmune disease
metabolic disorder... elevated blood levels of gluose
by underlying cause
caused by lack of insulin production ... factors such as genetic…
disorders caused by production of antibodies that attack and…
what is diabetes?
metabolic disorder... elevated blood levels of gluose
how is diabetes classified?
by underlying cause
9 terms
Nutrition and Diabetes
Insulin
Glucagon
Type 1 Diabetes
Ketons
a hormone produced in the pancreas that removes glucose from…
a hormone produced in the pancreas that increases glucose ava…
an autoimmune disease characterized by elevated blood glucose…
compounds synthesized from fatty acids by the liver when insu…
Insulin
a hormone produced in the pancreas that removes glucose from…
Glucagon
a hormone produced in the pancreas that increases glucose ava…
40 terms
Diabetes and Nutrition
diabetes... def... causes
diabetes ... short term complications 3
diabetes ... long term complications Chr…
Diagnostic criteria 4... EXAM
group of metabolic disorders characterized by hyperglycemia,…
keto-acidosis... hyperosmolarity... lactic acidosis
1. long-term damage to eyes... 2.kidneys damage... 3. nerves damage…
1. Fasting plasma glucose > 126 mg/dl after an overnight 8 ho…
diabetes... def... causes
group of metabolic disorders characterized by hyperglycemia,…
diabetes ... short term complications 3
keto-acidosis... hyperosmolarity... lactic acidosis
57 terms
Nutrition; Diabetes
Acetone Breathe
Claudication
Dawn phenomenon
Diabetic coma
Fruity odor of persons breath with ketosis
pain in legs while walking... due to inadequate supply of blood…
morning hyperglycemia that is caused by the early morning rel…
occurs in uncontrolled diabetics, due to diabetic ketacidosis…
Acetone Breathe
Fruity odor of persons breath with ketosis
Claudication
pain in legs while walking... due to inadequate supply of blood…
80 terms
nutrition diabetes
define type 1 diabetes
symptoms of type 1 diabetes
define type 2 diabetes
symptoms of type 2 diabetes
formerly known as insulin dependent diabetes mellitus or juve…
polyuria... polydipsia... polyphagia... appear abruptly... sometimes the…
referred to as noninsulin dependent diabetes or adult onset d…
they are had to spot at first since they progress very slowly…
define type 1 diabetes
formerly known as insulin dependent diabetes mellitus or juve…
symptoms of type 1 diabetes
polyuria... polydipsia... polyphagia... appear abruptly... sometimes the…
30 terms
diabetes/nutrition
Type 1 Diabetes
Type 2 Diabetes
Insulin
Glucose
disorder in which the body cannot produce enough insulin
progressive disorder in which body cells become less responsi…
A hormone produced by the pancreas or taken as a medication b…
A simple sugar that is an important source of energy.
Type 1 Diabetes
disorder in which the body cannot produce enough insulin
Type 2 Diabetes
progressive disorder in which body cells become less responsi…
30 terms
Diabetes/Nutrition
Type 1 Diabetes
Type 2 diabetes
Insulin
Glucose
often referred to as juvenile diabetes bc symptoms of the dis…
Normally found in adults, cuased by poor eating habits and po…
A protein hormone secreted by the pancreas that is essential…
A sugar that is the major source of energy for the body's cells
Type 1 Diabetes
often referred to as juvenile diabetes bc symptoms of the dis…
Type 2 diabetes
Normally found in adults, cuased by poor eating habits and po…
30 terms
Diabetes/Nutrition
Type 1 Diabetes
Type 2 Diabetes
Insulin
Glucose
A condition caused by poor diet + lack of exercise; Insulin i…
Genetic; Your pancreas does NOT produce insulin, because your…
Insulin is a hormone that lowers the level of glucose (a type…
A simple sugar that is an important source of energy.
Type 1 Diabetes
A condition caused by poor diet + lack of exercise; Insulin i…
Type 2 Diabetes
Genetic; Your pancreas does NOT produce insulin, because your…
30 terms
Diabetes/Nutrition
Type 1 Diabetes
Type 2 Diabetes
Insulin
Glucose
Diabetes of a form that usually develops during childhood or…
progressive disorder in which body cells become less responsi…
A protein hormone synthesized in the pancreas that regulates…
A simple sugar that is an important source of energy.
Type 1 Diabetes
Diabetes of a form that usually develops during childhood or…
Type 2 Diabetes
progressive disorder in which body cells become less responsi…
8 terms
Diabetes Nutrition
nutrition goals
nutrition therapy
starches
vegetables
achieve blood glucose goals and optimal lipid levels... provide…
determine calorie needs... determine appropriate CHO intake, abo…
1/2 cup or slice... 15 gm
1/2 cup cooked, 1 cup raw... 5 gm
nutrition goals
achieve blood glucose goals and optimal lipid levels... provide…
nutrition therapy
determine calorie needs... determine appropriate CHO intake, abo…
30 terms
Diabetes/Nutrition
Type 1 Diabetes
Type 2 Diabetes
Insulin
Glucose
Your body eats glucose, your pancreas doesn't produce insulin…
Your body eats glucose, your pancreas releases insulin. The i…
A hormone that is released from your pancreas that attaches t…
A simple sugar that you eat in foods and when used properly,…
Type 1 Diabetes
Your body eats glucose, your pancreas doesn't produce insulin…
Type 2 Diabetes
Your body eats glucose, your pancreas releases insulin. The i…
30 terms
Diabetes/Nutrition
Type 1 Diabetes
Type 2 Diabetes
Insulin
Glucose
Condition caused by the immune system destroying pancreatic b…
Condition in which the insulin that is made cannot be used be…
Hormone made by pancreas to let glucose into cells
Sugar used by mitochondria to make ATP
Type 1 Diabetes
Condition caused by the immune system destroying pancreatic b…
Type 2 Diabetes
Condition in which the insulin that is made cannot be used be…
30 terms
Diabetes/Nutrition
Type 1 diabetes
Type 2 diabetes
Insulin
Glucose
A chronic condition in where the pancreas creates little to n…
Characterized by high blood sugar, insulin resistance, and re…
A hormone produced by the pancreas or taken as a medication b…
A form of simple carbohydrate circulating in the blood; also…
Type 1 diabetes
A chronic condition in where the pancreas creates little to n…
Type 2 diabetes
Characterized by high blood sugar, insulin resistance, and re…
30 terms
diabetes/nutrition
insulin
glucose
type 1 diabetes
type 2 diabetes
A hormone produced by the pancreas or taken as a medication b…
A simple sugar that is an important source of energy.
the body cannot produce enough insulin
an insulin resistance disorder
insulin
A hormone produced by the pancreas or taken as a medication b…
glucose
A simple sugar that is an important source of energy.
9 terms
Nutrition- diabetes
Diabetes
Three types of diabetes
Type 1 diabetes symptoms
Type 2 diabetes
Inability to regulate blood glucose levels... Uncontrolled can c…
Type 1 diabetes... Type 2 diabetes... Gestational diabetes
Frequent urination... Unusual thirst... Extreme hunger... Unusual weig…
Any of the type 1 symptoms... Frequent infections... Blurred vision…
Diabetes
Inability to regulate blood glucose levels... Uncontrolled can c…
Three types of diabetes
Type 1 diabetes... Type 2 diabetes... Gestational diabetes
38 terms
Nutrition: Diabetes
diabetes
hyperglycemia
type 1
hyperinsulinemia
metabolic disorder characterized by hyperglycemia and disorde…
high blood glucose levels
insulin production is deficient, two causes:... a. autoimmune de…
excess insulin in blood
diabetes
metabolic disorder characterized by hyperglycemia and disorde…
hyperglycemia
high blood glucose levels
33 terms
Diabetes
polydipsia
polyphagia
polyuria
hyperglycemia
Chronic thirst, excessive intake of water; it is a common sym…
excessive hunger; it is a common symptom of uncontrolled diab…
increased frequency or volume of urinary output; it is a comm…
excessive concentrations of glucose in the blood;
polydipsia
Chronic thirst, excessive intake of water; it is a common sym…
polyphagia
excessive hunger; it is a common symptom of uncontrolled diab…
108 terms
Nutrition- Diabetes
45
Type 2 Diabetes
Hyperinsulinemia
Type 2 Diabetes
Type 2 diabetes is usually diagnosed in adults over ___ years…
Many cases of this type of diabetes remain undiagnosed.
When the pancreas secretes larger amounts of insulin to compe…
Overweight children, or those with family history, are at inc…
45
Type 2 diabetes is usually diagnosed in adults over ___ years…
Type 2 Diabetes
Many cases of this type of diabetes remain undiagnosed.
19 terms
Nutrition diabetes
Disengagement theory
Starch
Activity theory
Complex vs simple carbs
Older adult withdraws and becomes self focused.
Source of dietary carbs, digestive process breaks down into s…
Successful aging involves maintaining high levels of activity…
Simple break down quickly for energy, complex are more healthy.
Disengagement theory
Older adult withdraws and becomes self focused.
Starch
Source of dietary carbs, digestive process breaks down into s…
30 terms
Diabetes/Nutrition
Type one diabetes
Type two diabetes
Insulin
Glucose
a genetic disease causing no insulin to be produced in your b…
a disease caused by poor diet and unhealthy foods. Insulin is…
A protein hormone synthesized in the pancreas that regulates…
A simple sugar that is an important source of energy.
Type one diabetes
a genetic disease causing no insulin to be produced in your b…
Type two diabetes
a disease caused by poor diet and unhealthy foods. Insulin is…
30 terms
Diabetes/Nutrition
Type 1 Diabetes
Type 2 Diabetes
Insulin
Glucose
Diabetes of a form that usually develops during childhood or…
Diabetes of a form that develops especially in adults and mos…
Hormone released by the pancreas that going to the insulin re…
C6 H12 O6 or sugar
Type 1 Diabetes
Diabetes of a form that usually develops during childhood or…
Type 2 Diabetes
Diabetes of a form that develops especially in adults and mos…
30 terms
Diabetes/Nutrition
Type 1 diabetes
Type 2 diabetes
Insulin
Glucose
No insulin is produced
pancreas produces insulin but then there is a fatty blockage
A protein hormone synthesized in the pancreas that regulates…
C6H12O6
Type 1 diabetes
No insulin is produced
Type 2 diabetes
pancreas produces insulin but then there is a fatty blockage
10 terms
Nutrition & Diabetes
Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disor…
The metabolism of glucose
Type 1 diabetes mellitus is treated by…
The physician may recommend as part of…
in which glucose accumulates in the blood
depends on insulin secreted by the islets of langerhans
administration of insulin
contain 15 to 20 % proteins
Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disor…
in which glucose accumulates in the blood
The metabolism of glucose
depends on insulin secreted by the islets of langerhans
54 terms
Diabetes Nutrition
first step
adequate carb intake
what percent of calories should come f…
What is the best carb source
cut unnecessary calories
130 gm/day
60-70%
complex-whole unrefined plant foods
first step
cut unnecessary calories
adequate carb intake
130 gm/day
61 terms
Diabetes & Nutrition
Sedentary adults require ____to mainta…
Moderately active adult require ____ t…
Very active adult require _____ to mai…
If you burn 1 g of carbs you will get…
30 kcal/kg/day
35 kcal/kg/day
40 kcal/kg/day
4
Sedentary adults require ____to mainta…
30 kcal/kg/day
Moderately active adult require ____ t…
35 kcal/kg/day
59 terms
Diabetes Nutrition
What is the best way to avoid complica…
modest weight loss
target pre-prandial blood glucose (ADA)
target pre-prandial blood glucose (AACE)
Intensively control the blood glucose
improve glycemia, BP, and lipids, intensive lifestyle interve…
80-130 mg/dL
<110 mg/dL
What is the best way to avoid complica…
Intensively control the blood glucose
modest weight loss
improve glycemia, BP, and lipids, intensive lifestyle interve…
8 terms
Diabetes
diabetes mellitus
hyperglycaemia
hypoglycaemia
type I diabetes
Disease in which blood glucose concentrations cannot be contr…
State in which blood glucose concentration is too high.
State in which blood glucose concentration is too low.
Autoimmune disease where beta cells are destroyed so the body…
diabetes mellitus
Disease in which blood glucose concentrations cannot be contr…
hyperglycaemia
State in which blood glucose concentration is too high.
132 terms
Diabetes
Insulin Dose:
What are the categories of Insulin?
Rapid-acting insulin
What other insulin is sometimes needed…
Determined and individualized by the level of glucose in the…
Rapid-acting... Short-acting... Intermediate-acting... Long-acting... Ver…
1. Humalog (Lispro) = ... 2. Novolog (, Aspart)... 3. Glulisine (Ap…
Because of short duration, usually a basal insulin is necessa…
Insulin Dose:
Determined and individualized by the level of glucose in the…
What are the categories of Insulin?
Rapid-acting... Short-acting... Intermediate-acting... Long-acting... Ver…
21 terms
Diabetes and Nutrition
tissue
supply
properly
kidney failure
doku
beslemek desteklemek
uygun bir şekilde
böbrek yetmezliği
tissue
doku
supply
beslemek desteklemek
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