Study sets matching "diabetes"

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Study sets matching "diabetes"

33 terms
Diabetes
polydipsia
polyphagia
polyuria
hyperglycemia
Chronic thirst, excessive intake of water; it is a common sym…
excessive hunger; it is a common symptom of uncontrolled diab…
increased frequency or volume of urinary output; it is a comm…
excessive concentrations of glucose in the blood;
polydipsia
Chronic thirst, excessive intake of water; it is a common sym…
polyphagia
excessive hunger; it is a common symptom of uncontrolled diab…
33 terms
Diabetes
Polydipsia
polyphagia
polyuria
hyperglycemia
Chronic excessive intake of water; it is a common symptom of…
excessive eating; it is a common symptom of uncontrolled diab…
increased frequency or volume of urinary output; it is a comm…
excessive concentrations of glucose in the blood; fasting BS…
Polydipsia
Chronic excessive intake of water; it is a common symptom of…
polyphagia
excessive eating; it is a common symptom of uncontrolled diab…
82 terms
Diabetes
Diabetes Mellitus
Comparison of type 1 and type 2... diabet…
The pancreas
(Note: Glucagon raises blood sugar)
A relative or absolute lack of insulin. Result: hyperglycemia…
a. duct gland (exocrine): produces digestive enzymes... b. ductl…
...
Diabetes Mellitus
A relative or absolute lack of insulin. Result: hyperglycemia…
Comparison of type 1 and type 2... diabet…
Diabetes
Normal Pancreatic Function
Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus vs Type 2 Dia…
Islets of langerhan secret insulin through Beta Cells... Glucag…
Defined as:... -Autoimmune destruction of Beta Cells in the isle…
Characterised :... 1) Pancreas ... -Defective Beta Cell secretions…
Age of onset: More common in young people but can occur at an…
Normal Pancreatic Function
Islets of langerhan secret insulin through Beta Cells... Glucag…
Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus
Defined as:... -Autoimmune destruction of Beta Cells in the isle…
30 terms
Diabetes
what are the factors of the metabolic…
who is at risk for metabolic syndrome?
acanthosis nigricans
what things should clients do to reduc…
1. A waistline of 40 inches or more for men and 35 inches or…
Central obesity, history of family with DM, acanthosis nigric…
Lose weight 5-10%, exercise 30 mins or brisk aerobic exercise…
what are the factors of the metabolic…
1. A waistline of 40 inches or more for men and 35 inches or…
who is at risk for metabolic syndrome?
Central obesity, history of family with DM, acanthosis nigric…
38 terms
Diabetes
diabetes mellitus (DM)
diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA)
DKA Visual
gastroparesis
Group of chronic disorders of the endocrine pancreas, all cat…
A form of metabolic acidosis induced by stress in a person wi…
Slowed gastrointestinal motility, which causes early satiety.
diabetes mellitus (DM)
Group of chronic disorders of the endocrine pancreas, all cat…
diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA)
A form of metabolic acidosis induced by stress in a person wi…
302 terms
Diabetes
Agent
Sitagliptin ... starting dose
Sitagliptin... max dose
Sitagliptin... Dose adjustments
Sitagliptin
100mg PO once daily
100mg PO once daily
-CrCl > 50ml/min -- no adjustment... -CrCl 30-50 ml/min - 50mg o…
Agent
Sitagliptin
Sitagliptin ... starting dose
100mg PO once daily
91 terms
Diabetes
dawn phenomen
what are the major symptoms that chara…
which drugs may cause hyperglycemia?... (3)
what is the only type insulin that can…
hyperglycemia upon awakening, check night BGs, if normal cons…
polyuria... polyphagia... polydipsia
prednisone... epinephrine... hydrochlorothiazide
Regular, (for DKA 0.1 Units/kg/hr)
dawn phenomen
hyperglycemia upon awakening, check night BGs, if normal cons…
what are the major symptoms that chara…
polyuria... polyphagia... polydipsia
45 terms
Diabetes
diabetes mellitus
polyuria
polydipsia
polyphagia
"fountain of honey"... - disorder of carbohydrate metabolism... - d…
excessive peeing
excessive thirst
excessive hunger
diabetes mellitus
"fountain of honey"... - disorder of carbohydrate metabolism... - d…
polyuria
excessive peeing
132 terms
Diabetes
Insulin Dose:
What are the categories of Insulin?
Rapid-acting insulin
What other insulin is sometimes needed…
Determined and individualized by the level of glucose in the…
Rapid-acting... Short-acting... Intermediate-acting... Long-acting... Ver…
1. Humalog (Lispro) = ... 2. Novolog (, Aspart)... 3. Glulisine (Ap…
Because of short duration, usually a basal insulin is necessa…
Insulin Dose:
Determined and individualized by the level of glucose in the…
What are the categories of Insulin?
Rapid-acting... Short-acting... Intermediate-acting... Long-acting... Ver…
diabetes
Polyuria
Polydipsia
Hyperglycemia
Hypoglycemia
Production of abnormally large volumes of dilute urine .
Abnormally great thirst as a symptom of diseases , diabetes ,…
An excess of glucose in the bloodstream , often associated wi…
Deficiency of glucose in the bloodstream .
Polyuria
Production of abnormally large volumes of dilute urine .
Polydipsia
Abnormally great thirst as a symptom of diseases , diabetes ,…
155 terms
Diabetes
Metabolic Syndrome ... "Syndrome X"... "Insu…
Metabolic Syndrome ... Criteria
Metabolic Syndrome... Clinical Manifestat…
Metabolic Syndrome... Collaborative Care
Collection of risk factors that increase an individual's chan…
Waist Circumference: ... greater than 40 men / greater than 35 w…
Impaired fasting blood glucose... HTN... Abnormal Cholesterol level…
Lifestyle modifications ... Reducing LDL... Smoking Cessation ... Lowe…
Metabolic Syndrome ... "Syndrome X"... "Insu…
Collection of risk factors that increase an individual's chan…
Metabolic Syndrome ... Criteria
Waist Circumference: ... greater than 40 men / greater than 35 w…
Diabetes
pancreatic hormones
insulin
glucose
Diabetes Mellitus
Alpha - Glucagon... Beta - Insulin... Delta - Somatostatin... PP - Pan…
- anabolic peptide hormone secreted from beta cells in the is…
Storage and synthesis... - glucose stored as glycogen (glycogene…
- amount of glucose in blood is high i.e. hyperglycaemic... - F…
pancreatic hormones
Alpha - Glucagon... Beta - Insulin... Delta - Somatostatin... PP - Pan…
insulin
- anabolic peptide hormone secreted from beta cells in the is…
49 terms
Diabetes
HbA1C
polyuria
polydipsia
polyphagia
Glycosylated hemoglobin: in red blood cells, formed when gluc…
large amounts of diluted urine
abnormal great thirst
term used to describe excessive hunger or increased appetite…
HbA1C
Glycosylated hemoglobin: in red blood cells, formed when gluc…
polyuria
large amounts of diluted urine
8 terms
Diabetes
diabetes mellitus
hyperglycaemia
hypoglycaemia
type I diabetes
Disease in which blood glucose concentrations cannot be contr…
State in which blood glucose concentration is too high.
State in which blood glucose concentration is too low.
Autoimmune disease where beta cells are destroyed so the body…
diabetes mellitus
Disease in which blood glucose concentrations cannot be contr…
hyperglycaemia
State in which blood glucose concentration is too high.
Diabetes
Type 1 DM classification
Type 2 DM classification
Other causes of hyperglycemia
other causes of hyperglycemia
Beta-cell destruction leading to absolute insulin deficiency…
Ranges from insulin resistance with relative insulin deficien…
genetic defects of beta cell function... genetic defects in insu…
Disease of the pancreas: pancreatitis, trauma,neoplasia, cyst…
Type 1 DM classification
Beta-cell destruction leading to absolute insulin deficiency…
Type 2 DM classification
Ranges from insulin resistance with relative insulin deficien…
75 terms
Diabetes
mechanism of Biguanides
side effects of biguanides
warning for biguanides
reduction of A1c for biguanides
inhibits hepatic glycogenolysis, gluconeogenesis and enhances…
GI diarrhea, nausea, rare lactic acidosis
warning in hepatic impairment
1-1.5%
mechanism of Biguanides
inhibits hepatic glycogenolysis, gluconeogenesis and enhances…
side effects of biguanides
GI diarrhea, nausea, rare lactic acidosis
35 terms
Diabetes
number 1 death for diabetes
80%
insulin
complications
heart failure
what percent of all type 2 diabetes are overweight
pancreas shuts down if not enough...
blindness, coronary disease, kidney disease, nerve damage, jo…
number 1 death for diabetes
heart failure
80%
what percent of all type 2 diabetes are overweight
27 terms
Diabetes
IDDM
NIDDM
Type 1 Diabetes
Type 2 Diabetes
Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus
Non-Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus
Typically diagnosed in childhood. Only accounts for 10% of Di…
Typically develops later in life. Accounts for most cases of…
IDDM
Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus
NIDDM
Non-Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus
135 terms
Diabetes
Fasting glucose levels greater than or…
What is the BMI cut point for screenin…
Screening: ADA Recommends
Mrs. Jones is a newly diagnosed T2DM.…
126
3
• Annual screening for BMI > 25 kg/m2 and one or more risk fa…
2
Fasting glucose levels greater than or…
126
What is the BMI cut point for screenin…
3
Diabetes
DM is the leading cause of (3)
DM major contributing factor for
Type 1 Diabetes
Type 2 Diabetes
(1) adult blindness... (2) end stage kidney disease... (3) nontraum…
(1) heart disease... (2) stroke... (3) HTN
*insulin dependent ... *quick onset
*non insulin dependent... *insidious
DM is the leading cause of (3)
(1) adult blindness... (2) end stage kidney disease... (3) nontraum…
DM major contributing factor for
(1) heart disease... (2) stroke... (3) HTN
15 terms
Diabetes
hypoglycemia
hyperglycemia
Type 1 Diabetes Clinical Manifestations
Type 2 Diabetes Clinical Manifestations
sweating, fatigue, palpitation, blurred vision, headache, con…
Nausea/vomiting/ anorexia, cramping, THIRST, KUSSMALL BREATHI…
polyuria, polydipsia, polyphagia, weight loss, fatigue, ketoa…
hyperglycemia, fatigue and weakness, recurrent infections, bl…
hypoglycemia
sweating, fatigue, palpitation, blurred vision, headache, con…
hyperglycemia
Nausea/vomiting/ anorexia, cramping, THIRST, KUSSMALL BREATHI…
20 terms
diabetes
glucose
cellular respiration
ATP
insulin
a type of sugar that the body converts into energy
an organism's process of converting glucose into energy
adenosinetriphosphate; the name of the energy that is created…
a hormone that is released by the pancreas in response to an…
glucose
a type of sugar that the body converts into energy
cellular respiration
an organism's process of converting glucose into energy
9 terms
Diabetes
Glucagon
Glucose Tolerance Test
Homeostasis
Hormone
A protein hormone secreted by pancreatic endocrine cells that…
A test of the body's ability to metabolize glucose that invol…
The maintenance of relatively stable internal physiological c…
A product of living cells that circulates in blood and produc…
Glucagon
A protein hormone secreted by pancreatic endocrine cells that…
Glucose Tolerance Test
A test of the body's ability to metabolize glucose that invol…
5 terms
Diabetes
diabetes
insulin
glucose
hormone
a disease in which the body's inability to produce any or eno…
a hormone made in the body that controls the amount of glucos…
a simple sugar that is an important energy source.
a substance produced in an organism and transported by blood.
diabetes
a disease in which the body's inability to produce any or eno…
insulin
a hormone made in the body that controls the amount of glucos…
13 terms
Diabetes
diabetes
insulin
Explain what happens when a non-diabet…
What happens to sugar in a diabetic pe…
a disease in which the body produces little or no insulin
a hormone that regulates the blood sugar level
1. The body changes food into sugar... 2. The blood carries the…
The sugar stays in the blood.
diabetes
a disease in which the body produces little or no insulin
insulin
a hormone that regulates the blood sugar level
7 terms
DIABETES
Diabetes
Hyperglycemia
Type 1 Diabetes
Type 2 Diabetes
a metabolic disease in which the body's inability to produce…
an excess of glucose in the bloodstream, often associated wit…
In type 1 diabetes, the body no longer makes insulin because…
the body either doesn't make enough insulin or can't use its…
Diabetes
a metabolic disease in which the body's inability to produce…
Hyperglycemia
an excess of glucose in the bloodstream, often associated wit…
54 terms
Diabetes
Polydipsia and polyuria related to dia…
When comparing the pathophysiology of…
Analyze the following diagnostic findi…
Which statement by the patient with ty…
b. fluid shifts resulting from the osmotic effect of hypergly…
d. The patient may have sufficient endogenous insulin secreti…
b. A1C 9%
a. "I am supposed to have a meal or snack if I drink alcohol."
Polydipsia and polyuria related to dia…
b. fluid shifts resulting from the osmotic effect of hypergly…
When comparing the pathophysiology of…
d. The patient may have sufficient endogenous insulin secreti…
17 terms
Diabetes
What is diabetes?
List 3 different types of diabetes.
What is Type 1 diabetes?
What is type 2 diabetes?
Diabetes, often referred to by doctors as diabetes mellitus,…
Type 1... Type 2... Gestational
It is when the body does not make any insulin.
It occurs when the body does not properly use insulin.
What is diabetes?
Diabetes, often referred to by doctors as diabetes mellitus,…
List 3 different types of diabetes.
Type 1... Type 2... Gestational
80 terms
Diabetes
A < 25 year old patient presents com…
A female patient presents complaining…
A chronic disorder of carbohydrate met…
Type 1 diabetes is defined as ______ i…
Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus
Type 2 Dibetes Mellitus
Diabetes Mellitus
Absolute
A < 25 year old patient presents com…
Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus
A female patient presents complaining…
Type 2 Dibetes Mellitus
14 terms
diabetes
diabetes
glucose
insulin
pancreas
a disease in which a person can't make or use insulin
sugar
a hormone that allows glucose to enter the body's cells
the organ that produces insulin
diabetes
a disease in which a person can't make or use insulin
glucose
sugar
55 terms
Diabetes
objectives
definition: diabetes mellitus, relativ…
daily variations in plasma glucose and…
criteria for diagnosis
objectives
definition: diabetes mellitus, relativ…
35 terms
Diabetes
Diagnosis
GLUT 2
GLUT 3
GLUT 4
A1C > 6.5%, fasting glucose > 126, OGTT 2 hours > 200, or ran…
high Km, liver, b cells, glucose last
neurons, low Km, gets glucose first
insulin induced, muscle, adipose
Diagnosis
A1C > 6.5%, fasting glucose > 126, OGTT 2 hours > 200, or ran…
GLUT 2
high Km, liver, b cells, glucose last
Diabetes
Sulfonyluereas
Sulfonyluereas (drugs)
Biguanides
Meglitinides
stimulate release of insulin from pancreatic islets... decrease…
glipizide (Glucotrol, Glucotrol XR)... glyburide (Micoronase, Di…
metformin (Glucophage)... decreases rate of hepatic glucose prod…
nateglinide (Starlix)... repaglinide (Prandin)... stimulate a rapid…
Sulfonyluereas
stimulate release of insulin from pancreatic islets... decrease…
Sulfonyluereas (drugs)
glipizide (Glucotrol, Glucotrol XR)... glyburide (Micoronase, Di…
Diabetes
Polyuria
Polydipsia
Hyperglycemia
Hypoglycemia
Production of abnormally large volumes of dilute urine.
Abnormally great thirst as a symptom of disease or psychologi…
An excess of glucose in the bloodstream
Deficiency of glucose in the bloodstream
Polyuria
Production of abnormally large volumes of dilute urine.
Polydipsia
Abnormally great thirst as a symptom of disease or psychologi…
Diabetes
Type 1 diabetes
Type 2 diabetes
Prediabetes
Gestation diabetes mellitus (GDM)
results from B-cell destruction, usually leading to absolute…
results from a progressive insulin secretory defect on the ba…
FBG or GTT(glucose tolerance test) results > normal but not d…
diabetes from pregnancy, mostly goes away in most cases
Type 1 diabetes
results from B-cell destruction, usually leading to absolute…
Type 2 diabetes
results from a progressive insulin secretory defect on the ba…
65 terms
Diabetes
Prediabetes Criteria for Diagnosis
Diabetes Criteria for Diagnosis
Gestational Diabetes Criteria
Pregestation Diabetes Criteria
FPG 100-125 mg/dL... OR... 2h plasma glucose in 75-g OGTT 140-199 m…
Classic sx of hyperglycemia or hyperglycemic crisis AND a ran…
Developed during pregnancy ... Goals:... Preprandial: </= 95 mg/dL…
Had diabetes before pregnancy ... Goals:... Preprandial, bedtime a…
Prediabetes Criteria for Diagnosis
FPG 100-125 mg/dL... OR... 2h plasma glucose in 75-g OGTT 140-199 m…
Diabetes Criteria for Diagnosis
Classic sx of hyperglycemia or hyperglycemic crisis AND a ran…
169 terms
Diabetes
SGLT2 dosing
SGLT renal adjustment
SGLT agents
Canagliflozin brand
Canagliflozin, 100 mg daily before first meal of the day up t…
All CI when CrCl < 30 ml/min.
Canagliflozin, Dapagliflozin, Empagliflozin
Invokana
SGLT2 dosing
Canagliflozin, 100 mg daily before first meal of the day up t…
SGLT renal adjustment
All CI when CrCl < 30 ml/min.
38 terms
Diabetes
diabetes
diabetes insipidus and diabetes mellitus
insipidus
diabetes insipidus
"running through"- increase in urine output
types of diabetes
"taste-less"- received name per earliest test for detecting t…
increase in urine output without an elevated sugar content
diabetes
"running through"- increase in urine output
diabetes insipidus and diabetes mellitus
types of diabetes
86 terms
Diabetes
Sulfonylureas
Meglitinides
Incretin Mimetics
SGLT 2 Inhibitors ... Sodium Glucose Tran…
Oral Anti-diabetic Agents ... Cannot be taken w/ Meglitinides…
Oral Anti-Diabetic Agents ... Cannot be takem w/ Sulfonylureas…
Non Insulin Injectible Med... Stimulates insulin synthesis and…
Oral Anti-Diabetic Medication... ... Sodium Glucose Transporter 2…
Sulfonylureas
Oral Anti-diabetic Agents ... Cannot be taken w/ Meglitinides…
Meglitinides
Oral Anti-Diabetic Agents ... Cannot be takem w/ Sulfonylureas…
Diabetes
micronase
glucotrol
amaryl
Starlix
glyburide
glipizide
glimepiride
nataglinide
micronase
glyburide
glucotrol
glipizide
Diabetes
Metformin
Metformin
Metformin
Metformin
Secondary MOA - increase insulin sensitivity... Tertiary MOA - d…
Primary MOA- decrease glucose production from the liver
Main effects on fasting blood glucose
Monotherapy or combination therapy with TLC, oral agents and…
Metformin
Secondary MOA - increase insulin sensitivity... Tertiary MOA - d…
Metformin
Primary MOA- decrease glucose production from the liver
45 terms
diabetes
Monogenic Diabetes Syndromes - β-cell…
Monogenic Diabetes Syndromes - β-cell…
Latent autoimmune diabetes in adults (…
secondary diabetes
Characterized by impaired insulin secretion with minimal or n…
IN first 6 months of life, can be transient or permenant
-Present with autoimmune markers such as anti-GAD antibodies,…
-Drug- or chemical-induced ... -tx of HIV/AIDS... -tx of schizoph…
Monogenic Diabetes Syndromes - β-cell…
Characterized by impaired insulin secretion with minimal or n…
Monogenic Diabetes Syndromes - β-cell…
IN first 6 months of life, can be transient or permenant
24 terms
Diabetes
Continuous Glucose Monitoring System
Continuous Subcutaneous Insulin Infusi…
Diabetes
Diabetic Ketoacidosis (DKA)
a device used to continuously monitor glucose levels.
a small device that delivers insulin on a 24-hour basis as ba…
a group of metabolic diseases characterized by hyperglycemia…
a metabolic derangement in type 1 diabetes that results from…
Continuous Glucose Monitoring System
a device used to continuously monitor glucose levels.
Continuous Subcutaneous Insulin Infusi…
a small device that delivers insulin on a 24-hour basis as ba…
106 terms
Diabetes
Mixing insulin
Basal insulin
Pre prandial insulin
regular insulin prevents
responds differently when mixed together rather than mixed al…
Covers the bodies basal metabolic means. Some examples Lantus…
given to prevent after meal hyperglycemia (post prandial).
preprandial
Mixing insulin
responds differently when mixed together rather than mixed al…
Basal insulin
Covers the bodies basal metabolic means. Some examples Lantus…
14 terms
DIABETES
biguanide
Sulfonylureas 1st gen
Sulfonylurase 2nd gen
Meglinitide
Metformin//Glucophage®
Tolbutamide//Orinase®... Tolazamide//Tolinase®... Chlorprop…
Glyburide//Diabeta®... Glipzide//Glucotrol®... Glimepiride//A…
Repaglinide//prandin®... Nateglinide//starlix®
biguanide
Metformin//Glucophage®
Sulfonylureas 1st gen
Tolbutamide//Orinase®... Tolazamide//Tolinase®... Chlorprop…
diabetes
D... For some patients, changes in lifest…
C... The patient's impaired fasting gluco…
D... When the patient is ketotic, exercis…
A... Weight loss occurs because the body…
1. A patient with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus as…
2. A patient screened for diabetes at a clinic has a fasting…
3. Which action by a type 1 diabetic patient indicates that t…
4. When assessing the patient experiencing the onset of sympt…
D... For some patients, changes in lifest…
1. A patient with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus as…
C... The patient's impaired fasting gluco…
2. A patient screened for diabetes at a clinic has a fasting…
132 terms
Diabetes
Insulin Dose:
What are the categories of Insulin?
Rapid-acting insulin
What other insulin is sometimes needed…
Determined and individualized by the level of glucose in the…
Rapid-acting... Short-acting... Intermediate-acting... Long-acting... Ver…
1. Humalog (Lispro) = ... 2. Novolog (, Aspart)... 3. Glulisine (Ap…
Because of short duration, usually a basal insulin is necessa…
Insulin Dose:
Determined and individualized by the level of glucose in the…
What are the categories of Insulin?
Rapid-acting... Short-acting... Intermediate-acting... Long-acting... Ver…
diabetes
Diabetes
Diabetes type 1
Diabetes type 2
nutrition for diabetes
Diabetes
Diabetes type 1
Diabetes
Stage 1 nonproliferative retinopathy
Stage two preproliferative retinopathy
Stage III Proliferative retinopathy
Diabetic nephropathy
Dilated veins, Microaneurysms, edema of the macula, and prese…
Retinal ischemia causes infarcts of the nerve fiber layer wit…
As fibrous tissue and new vessels form in the retina or optic…
Disease of the kidneys characterized by the presence of album…
Stage 1 nonproliferative retinopathy
Dilated veins, Microaneurysms, edema of the macula, and prese…
Stage two preproliferative retinopathy
Retinal ischemia causes infarcts of the nerve fiber layer wit…
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