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Study sets matching "diabetes"

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Study sets matching "diabetes"

33 terms
Diabetes
polydipsia
polyphagia
polyuria
hyperglycemia
Chronic thirst, excessive intake of water; it is a common sym…
excessive hunger; it is a common symptom of uncontrolled diab…
increased frequency or volume of urinary output; it is a comm…
excessive concentrations of glucose in the blood;
polydipsia
Chronic thirst, excessive intake of water; it is a common sym…
polyphagia
excessive hunger; it is a common symptom of uncontrolled diab…
132 terms
Diabetes
Insulin Dose:
What are the categories of Insulin?
Rapid-acting insulin
What other insulin is sometimes needed…
Determined and individualized by the level of glucose in the…
Rapid-acting... Short-acting... Intermediate-acting... Long-acting... Ver…
1. Humalog (Lispro) = ... 2. Novolog (, Aspart)... 3. Glulisine (Ap…
Because of short duration, usually a basal insulin is necessa…
Insulin Dose:
Determined and individualized by the level of glucose in the…
What are the categories of Insulin?
Rapid-acting... Short-acting... Intermediate-acting... Long-acting... Ver…
8 terms
Diabetes
diabetes mellitus
hyperglycaemia
hypoglycaemia
type I diabetes
Disease in which blood glucose concentrations cannot be contr…
State in which blood glucose concentration is too high.
State in which blood glucose concentration is too low.
Autoimmune disease where beta cells are destroyed so the body…
diabetes mellitus
Disease in which blood glucose concentrations cannot be contr…
hyperglycaemia
State in which blood glucose concentration is too high.
82 terms
Diabetes
Diabetes Mellitus
Comparison of type 1 and type 2... diabet…
The pancreas
(Note: Glucagon raises blood sugar)
A relative or absolute lack of insulin. Result: hyperglycemia…
a. duct gland (exocrine): produces digestive enzymes... b. ductl…
...
Diabetes Mellitus
A relative or absolute lack of insulin. Result: hyperglycemia…
Comparison of type 1 and type 2... diabet…
33 terms
Diabetes
Polydipsia
polyphagia
polyuria
hyperglycemia
Chronic excessive intake of water; it is a common symptom of…
excessive eating; it is a common symptom of uncontrolled diab…
increased frequency or volume of urinary output; it is a comm…
excessive concentrations of glucose in the blood; fasting BS…
Polydipsia
Chronic excessive intake of water; it is a common symptom of…
polyphagia
excessive eating; it is a common symptom of uncontrolled diab…
30 terms
Diabetes
what are the factors of the metabolic…
who is at risk for metabolic syndrome?
acanthosis nigricans
what things should clients do to reduc…
1. A waistline of 40 inches or more for men and 35 inches or…
Central obesity, history of family with DM, acanthosis nigric…
Lose weight 5-10%, exercise 30 mins or brisk aerobic exercise…
what are the factors of the metabolic…
1. A waistline of 40 inches or more for men and 35 inches or…
who is at risk for metabolic syndrome?
Central obesity, history of family with DM, acanthosis nigric…
38 terms
Diabetes
diabetes mellitus (DM)
diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA)
DKA Visual
gastroparesis
Group of chronic disorders of the endocrine pancreas, all cat…
A form of metabolic acidosis induced by stress in a person wi…
Slowed gastrointestinal motility, which causes early satiety.
diabetes mellitus (DM)
Group of chronic disorders of the endocrine pancreas, all cat…
diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA)
A form of metabolic acidosis induced by stress in a person wi…
diabetes
Polyuria
Polydipsia
Hyperglycemia
Hypoglycemia
Production of abnormally large volumes of dilute urine .
Abnormally great thirst as a symptom of diseases , diabetes ,…
An excess of glucose in the bloodstream , often associated wi…
Deficiency of glucose in the bloodstream .
Polyuria
Production of abnormally large volumes of dilute urine .
Polydipsia
Abnormally great thirst as a symptom of diseases , diabetes ,…
302 terms
Diabetes
Agent
Sitagliptin ... starting dose
Sitagliptin... max dose
Sitagliptin... Dose adjustments
Sitagliptin
100mg PO once daily
100mg PO once daily
-CrCl > 50ml/min -- no adjustment... -CrCl 30-50 ml/min - 50mg o…
Agent
Sitagliptin
Sitagliptin ... starting dose
100mg PO once daily
diabetes
Diabetes
Diabetes type 1
Diabetes type 2
nutrition for diabetes
Diabetes
Diabetes type 1
132 terms
Diabetes
Insulin Dose:
What are the categories of Insulin?
Rapid-acting insulin
What other insulin is sometimes needed…
Determined and individualized by the level of glucose in the…
Rapid-acting... Short-acting... Intermediate-acting... Long-acting... Ver…
1. Humalog (Lispro) = ... 2. Novolog (, Aspart)... 3. Glulisine (Ap…
Because of short duration, usually a basal insulin is necessa…
Insulin Dose:
Determined and individualized by the level of glucose in the…
What are the categories of Insulin?
Rapid-acting... Short-acting... Intermediate-acting... Long-acting... Ver…
45 terms
Diabetes
diabetes mellitus
polyuria
polydipsia
polyphagia
"fountain of honey"... - disorder of carbohydrate metabolism... - d…
excessive peeing
excessive thirst
excessive hunger
diabetes mellitus
"fountain of honey"... - disorder of carbohydrate metabolism... - d…
polyuria
excessive peeing
155 terms
Diabetes
Metabolic Syndrome ... "Syndrome X"... "Insu…
Metabolic Syndrome ... Criteria
Metabolic Syndrome... Clinical Manifestat…
Metabolic Syndrome... Collaborative Care
Collection of risk factors that increase an individual's chan…
Waist Circumference: ... greater than 40 men / greater than 35 w…
Impaired fasting blood glucose... HTN... Abnormal Cholesterol level…
Lifestyle modifications ... Reducing LDL... Smoking Cessation ... Lowe…
Metabolic Syndrome ... "Syndrome X"... "Insu…
Collection of risk factors that increase an individual's chan…
Metabolic Syndrome ... Criteria
Waist Circumference: ... greater than 40 men / greater than 35 w…
38 terms
Diabetes
Insulin
Diabetes Pathophys
Insulin receptors
Cortisol
Protein... 1/2 life of 3-5 minutes... Fasting 10 microU/ml... Postpra…
Fat, Liver, Muscle
high cortisol decreases insulin binding... f
Insulin
Protein... 1/2 life of 3-5 minutes... Fasting 10 microU/ml... Postpra…
Diabetes Pathophys
50 terms
Diabetes
pancreatic hormones
insulin
glucose
Diabetes Mellitus
Alpha - Glucagon... Beta - Insulin... Delta - Somatostatin... PP - Pan…
- anabolic peptide hormone secreted from beta cells in the is…
Storage and synthesis... - glucose stored as glycogen (glycogene…
- amount of glucose in blood is high i.e. hyperglycaemic... - F…
pancreatic hormones
Alpha - Glucagon... Beta - Insulin... Delta - Somatostatin... PP - Pan…
insulin
- anabolic peptide hormone secreted from beta cells in the is…
44 terms
Diabetes
Type 1 DM classification
Type 2 DM classification
Other causes of hyperglycemia
other causes of hyperglycemia
Beta-cell destruction leading to absolute insulin deficiency…
Ranges from insulin resistance with relative insulin deficien…
genetic defects of beta cell function... genetic defects in insu…
Disease of the pancreas: pancreatitis, trauma,neoplasia, cyst…
Type 1 DM classification
Beta-cell destruction leading to absolute insulin deficiency…
Type 2 DM classification
Ranges from insulin resistance with relative insulin deficien…
49 terms
Diabetes
HbA1C
polyuria
polydipsia
polyphagia
Glycosylated hemoglobin: in red blood cells, formed when gluc…
large amounts of diluted urine
abnormal great thirst
term used to describe excessive hunger or increased appetite…
HbA1C
Glycosylated hemoglobin: in red blood cells, formed when gluc…
polyuria
large amounts of diluted urine
75 terms
Diabetes
mechanism of Biguanides
side effects of biguanides
warning for biguanides
reduction of A1c for biguanides
inhibits hepatic glycogenolysis, gluconeogenesis and enhances…
GI diarrhea, nausea, rare lactic acidosis
warning in hepatic impairment
1-1.5%
mechanism of Biguanides
inhibits hepatic glycogenolysis, gluconeogenesis and enhances…
side effects of biguanides
GI diarrhea, nausea, rare lactic acidosis
135 terms
Diabetes
Fasting glucose levels greater than or…
What is the BMI cut point for screenin…
Screening: ADA Recommends
Mrs. Jones is a newly diagnosed T2DM.…
126
3
• Annual screening for BMI > 25 kg/m2 and one or more risk fa…
2
Fasting glucose levels greater than or…
126
What is the BMI cut point for screenin…
3
13 terms
Diabetes
diabetes
insulin
Explain what happens when a non-diabet…
What happens to sugar in a diabetic pe…
a disease in which the body produces little or no insulin
a hormone that regulates the blood sugar level
1. The body changes food into sugar... 2. The blood carries the…
The sugar stays in the blood.
diabetes
a disease in which the body produces little or no insulin
insulin
a hormone that regulates the blood sugar level
74 terms
Diabetes
DM is the leading cause of (3)
DM major contributing factor for
Type 1 Diabetes
Type 2 Diabetes
(1) adult blindness... (2) end stage kidney disease... (3) nontraum…
(1) heart disease... (2) stroke... (3) HTN
*insulin dependent ... *quick onset
*non insulin dependent... *insidious
DM is the leading cause of (3)
(1) adult blindness... (2) end stage kidney disease... (3) nontraum…
DM major contributing factor for
(1) heart disease... (2) stroke... (3) HTN
27 terms
Diabetes
IDDM
NIDDM
Type 1 Diabetes
Type 2 Diabetes
Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus
Non-Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus
Typically diagnosed in childhood. Only accounts for 10% of Di…
Typically develops later in life. Accounts for most cases of…
IDDM
Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus
NIDDM
Non-Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus
40 terms
diabetes
juvenile
diabetes
pancreas
insulin
jugendlich
Zuckerkrankheit
Bauchspeicheldrüse
Insulin
juvenile
jugendlich
diabetes
Zuckerkrankheit
15 terms
Diabetes
hypoglycemia
hyperglycemia
Type 1 Diabetes Clinical Manifestations
Type 2 Diabetes Clinical Manifestations
sweating, fatigue, palpitation, blurred vision, headache, con…
Nausea/vomiting/ anorexia, cramping, THIRST, KUSSMALL BREATHI…
polyuria, polydipsia, polyphagia, weight loss, fatigue, ketoa…
hyperglycemia, fatigue and weakness, recurrent infections, bl…
hypoglycemia
sweating, fatigue, palpitation, blurred vision, headache, con…
hyperglycemia
Nausea/vomiting/ anorexia, cramping, THIRST, KUSSMALL BREATHI…
60 terms
Diabetes
Normal Pancreatic Function
Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus vs Type 2 Dia…
Islets of langerhan secret insulin through Beta Cells... Glucag…
Defined as:... -Autoimmune destruction of Beta Cells in the isle…
Characterised :... 1) Pancreas ... -Defective Beta Cell secretions…
Age of onset: More common in young people but can occur at an…
Normal Pancreatic Function
Islets of langerhan secret insulin through Beta Cells... Glucag…
Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus
Defined as:... -Autoimmune destruction of Beta Cells in the isle…
127 terms
Diabetes
dawn phenomen
what are the major symptoms that chara…
which drugs may cause hyperglycemia?... (3)
what is the rationale for rotation of…
hyperglycemia upon awakening
polyuria... polyphagia... polydipsia
prednisone... epinephrine... hydrochlorothiazide
prevents lipodystrophy
dawn phenomen
hyperglycemia upon awakening
what are the major symptoms that chara…
polyuria... polyphagia... polydipsia
20 terms
diabetes
glucose
cellular respiration
ATP
insulin
a type of sugar that the body converts into energy
an organism's process of converting glucose into energy
adenosinetriphosphate; the name of the energy that is created…
a hormone that is released by the pancreas in response to an…
glucose
a type of sugar that the body converts into energy
cellular respiration
an organism's process of converting glucose into energy
9 terms
Diabetes
Glucagon
Glucose Tolerance Test
Homeostasis
Hormone
A protein hormone secreted by pancreatic endocrine cells that…
A test of the body's ability to metabolize glucose that invol…
The maintenance of relatively stable internal physiological c…
A product of living cells that circulates in blood and produc…
Glucagon
A protein hormone secreted by pancreatic endocrine cells that…
Glucose Tolerance Test
A test of the body's ability to metabolize glucose that invol…
17 terms
Diabetes
What is diabetes?
List 3 different types of diabetes.
What is Type 1 diabetes?
What is type 2 diabetes?
Diabetes, often referred to by doctors as diabetes mellitus,…
Type 1... Type 2... Gestational
It is when the body does not make any insulin.
It occurs when the body does not properly use insulin.
What is diabetes?
Diabetes, often referred to by doctors as diabetes mellitus,…
List 3 different types of diabetes.
Type 1... Type 2... Gestational
55 terms
Diabetes
objectives
definition: diabetes mellitus, relativ…
daily variations in plasma glucose and…
criteria for diagnosis
objectives
definition: diabetes mellitus, relativ…
80 terms
Diabetes
A < 25 year old patient presents com…
A female patient presents complaining…
A chronic disorder of carbohydrate met…
Type 1 diabetes is defined as ______ i…
Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus
Type 2 Dibetes Mellitus
Diabetes Mellitus
Absolute
A < 25 year old patient presents com…
Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus
A female patient presents complaining…
Type 2 Dibetes Mellitus
91 terms
Diabetes
dawn phenomen
what are the major symptoms that chara…
which drugs may cause hyperglycemia?... (3)
what is the only type insulin that can…
hyperglycemia upon awakening, check night BGs, if normal cons…
polyuria... polyphagia... polydipsia
prednisone... epinephrine... hydrochlorothiazide
Regular, (for DKA 0.1 Units/kg/hr)
dawn phenomen
hyperglycemia upon awakening, check night BGs, if normal cons…
what are the major symptoms that chara…
polyuria... polyphagia... polydipsia
35 terms
Diabetes
number 1 death for diabetes
80%
insulin
complications
heart failure
what percent of all type 2 diabetes are overweight
pancreas shuts down if not enough...
blindness, coronary disease, kidney disease, nerve damage, jo…
number 1 death for diabetes
heart failure
80%
what percent of all type 2 diabetes are overweight
53 terms
la diabetes
A1C
accidente cerebrovascular
arteria
ateroma
una prueba para medir la acumulación de glucosa en la sangre…
una afección en la que el flujo sanguíneo que se dirige hacia…
un vaso sanguíneo que transporta sangre oxigenada desde el co…
depósitos grasos que se acumulan dentro de las arterias y red…
A1C
una prueba para medir la acumulación de glucosa en la sangre…
accidente cerebrovascular
una afección en la que el flujo sanguíneo que se dirige hacia…
74 terms
Diabetes
Pancreas
Islets of Langerhans
Islets of Langerhans contain 4 types o…
A cells or alpha () cells:
glandular organ consisting of both exocrine... and endocrine cel…
endocrine pancreas contains clusters of cells... 1% of the organ…
A cells or alpha () cells:... B cells or beta () cells:... D cells…
secrete Glucagon and proglucagonthe... hyperglycemic factor.... St…
Pancreas
glandular organ consisting of both exocrine... and endocrine cel…
Islets of Langerhans
endocrine pancreas contains clusters of cells... 1% of the organ…
54 terms
Diabetes
Polydipsia and polyuria related to dia…
When comparing the pathophysiology of…
Analyze the following diagnostic findi…
Which statement by the patient with ty…
b. fluid shifts resulting from the osmotic effect of hypergly…
d. The patient may have sufficient endogenous insulin secreti…
b. A1C 9%
a. "I am supposed to have a meal or snack if I drink alcohol."
Polydipsia and polyuria related to dia…
b. fluid shifts resulting from the osmotic effect of hypergly…
When comparing the pathophysiology of…
d. The patient may have sufficient endogenous insulin secreti…
12 terms
Diabetes
Insulin
Blood sugar/glucose
Symptoms of diabetes
Complications of diabetes
Hormone lacking in a person with diabetes
Person with diabetes is unable to regulate this properly due…
Excessive thirst, frequent urination, unexplained weight loss
Heart problems, kidney problems, blindness, limb amputation,…
Insulin
Hormone lacking in a person with diabetes
Blood sugar/glucose
Person with diabetes is unable to regulate this properly due…
8 terms
Diabetes
Diabetes Mellitus Type 1
Diabetic Ketoacidosis
Hyperphosphatemia
Hypophosphatemia
-Destruction of the pancreatic islet B cells --> insulin defi…
-initial manifestation of DMT1... -hyperglycemia > 250 ... -Acidosi…
-serum phosphate > 4.5... -causes: hypoparathyroidism, kidney di…
-serum phosphate < 2.5... -causes: alcoholism, burns, starvation…
Diabetes Mellitus Type 1
-Destruction of the pancreatic islet B cells --> insulin defi…
Diabetic Ketoacidosis
-initial manifestation of DMT1... -hyperglycemia > 250 ... -Acidosi…
Diabetes
diabetes mellitus
hyperglycaemia
hypoglycaemia
type I diabetes
Disease in which blood glucose concentrations cannot be contr…
State in which blood glucose concentration is too high.
State in which blood glucose concentration is too low.
Autoimmune disease where beta cells are destroyed so the body…
diabetes mellitus
Disease in which blood glucose concentrations cannot be contr…
hyperglycaemia
State in which blood glucose concentration is too high.
5 terms
Diabetes
Polyuria
Polydipsia
Hyperglycemia
Hypoglycemia
production of abnormally large volumes of urine
abnormally great thirst as a symptom of or psychological dist…
an excess of glucose in the bloodstream, often associated wit…
deficiency of glucose in the bloodestream
Polyuria
production of abnormally large volumes of urine
Polydipsia
abnormally great thirst as a symptom of or psychological dist…
5 terms
diabetes
polyuria
polydipsia
hyperglycemia
hypoglycemia
the need to urine more often than normal
abnormally great thirst as a symptom of disease pr physcholog…
a excess of glucose in the blood stream,often associates with…
low blood sugar the body main energy source
polyuria
the need to urine more often than normal
polydipsia
abnormally great thirst as a symptom of disease pr physcholog…
9 terms
Diabetes
Risk Factors for Type 1
Risk Factors for Type 2
Hyperglycemia
Hypoglycemia
Age (young), family history, genetics, geography
Fat distribution, weight, age (older), family history, inacti…
High Blood Glucose... Treatment: Injectable insulin
Low Blood Glucose... Treatment: Consume 15-20 grams of glucose o…
Risk Factors for Type 1
Age (young), family history, genetics, geography
Risk Factors for Type 2
Fat distribution, weight, age (older), family history, inacti…
28 terms
diabetes
pancrease
islets cell
beta islets cells
Alpha islets cells
solid organ, LUQ posteriorly to right is an organ located in…
are tiny clusters of cells scattered throughout the pancreas.…
70% of these cells are islets cells that produce insulin pick…
15-20% of these cells are islets cell that produce glucagon p…
pancrease
solid organ, LUQ posteriorly to right is an organ located in…
islets cell
are tiny clusters of cells scattered throughout the pancreas.…
5 terms
Diabetes
Polyuria
Polydispsia
Hyperglycemia
Hypoglycemia
excessive urination
excessive thirst
High blood sugar
Low blood sugar
Polyuria
excessive urination
Polydispsia
excessive thirst
22 terms
Diabetes
Treatment for type one diabetes
Diagnostic criteria for diabetes
Went childhood illnesses are associate…
Labs for diabetic ketoacidosis
Insulin injections or continuous insulin infusion pump
Random plasma glucose greater than 200, fasting plasma glucos…
Rubella, Coxsackie, mumps
Glucose up to 100, increased potassium, decreased phosphate,…
Treatment for type one diabetes
Insulin injections or continuous insulin infusion pump
Diagnostic criteria for diabetes
Random plasma glucose greater than 200, fasting plasma glucos…
5 terms
Diabetes
polyuria
polydipsia
Hyperglycemia
Hypoglycemia
Production of abnormally large volumes of dilute urine.
Abnormally great thirst as a symptom of disease or psychologi…
An excess of glucose in the bloodstream, often associated wit…
Low blood sugar, the body's main energy source.
polyuria
Production of abnormally large volumes of dilute urine.
polydipsia
Abnormally great thirst as a symptom of disease or psychologi…
14 terms
Diabetes
Group of diseases characterized by hyp…
Secreted by pancreatic alpha cells
Stimulates release of stored glucose f…
Secreted by pancreatic beta cells
Diabetes
Glucagon
Glucagon
Insulin
Group of diseases characterized by hyp…
Diabetes
Secreted by pancreatic alpha cells
Glucagon
diabetes
polyuria
polydipsia
hyperglycemia
hypoglycemia
production of abnormally large volumes of dilute urine
abnormally great thirst as a symptom of disease
an excess of glucose in the blood stream
deficiency of glucose in the blood stream
polyuria
production of abnormally large volumes of dilute urine
polydipsia
abnormally great thirst as a symptom of disease
5 terms
Diabetes
polyuria
polydipsia
hyperglycemia
hypoglycemia
a condition usually defined as excessive or abnormally large…
-constant, excessive drinking as a result of thirst... -occurs i…
-a blood sugar ... - an elevated level specifically of the sugar…
condition characterized by an abnormally low level of blood s…
polyuria
a condition usually defined as excessive or abnormally large…
polydipsia
-constant, excessive drinking as a result of thirst... -occurs i…
14 terms
Diabetes
Alcohol
Amputation
Blindness
BMI
___________ is the chemical substance in drinks, such as wine…
___________ is when a person's limbs, fingers or toes are rem…
___________ is when a person cannot see at all, or when a per…
_________ is a measurement of the Quantity of fat in a person…
Alcohol
___________ is the chemical substance in drinks, such as wine…
Amputation
___________ is when a person's limbs, fingers or toes are rem…
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