Study sets matching "digestion 1"

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Study sets matching "digestion 1"

26 terms
Digestion 1
saliva
mouth
peristalsis
stomach
contains an enzyme that breaks down starch into sugars - begi…
where food is ingested & broken up into small pieces
muscular contractions that squeeze food through the digestive…
muscular sac like organ which churns food - contains enzymes…
saliva
contains an enzyme that breaks down starch into sugars - begi…
mouth
where food is ingested & broken up into small pieces
22 terms
Digestion #1
Anus
Appendix
Duodenum
Epiglottis
Anus
Appendix
Digestion #1
Anus
Duodenum
Epiglottis
Esophagus
Anus
Duodenum
Digestion (1)
Autotrophs
Heterotrophs
Herbivores
Carnivore
Producers (Plants)
Consumers (Animals)
Primary consumers of producers
Secondary Consumers (Eat herbivore)
Autotrophs
Producers (Plants)
Heterotrophs
Consumers (Animals)
6 terms
digestion 1
digestion
mechanical digestion
chemical digestion
digestion in the stomach
is the process by which large complex insoluble Food Material…
this form of digestion is chiefly carried out by the teeth it…
the breaking down of food by enzymes
gastric juice is released unto the food and gastric juice con…
digestion
is the process by which large complex insoluble Food Material…
mechanical digestion
this form of digestion is chiefly carried out by the teeth it…
37 terms
Digestion 1
Mechanical digestion
Chemical digestion
Carbohydrates (CHO) include
Fructose + glucose =
Part of digestion that uses movement (blood) and muscle contr…
Chemical reactions through enzymes break chemical bonds (chem…
Monosaccharides ("one")... Dissacharides (di="two")... Oligosacchar…
Sucrose (sugar)
Mechanical digestion
Part of digestion that uses movement (blood) and muscle contr…
Chemical digestion
Chemical reactions through enzymes break chemical bonds (chem…
Digestion 1
Condensation
Hydrolysis
Digestive tract purpose
Digestive tract method
Two molecules combine (reaction)
A molecule splits into two smaller ones
Reduce large molecules to smaller, readily absorbed units
Hydrolysis
Condensation
Two molecules combine (reaction)
Hydrolysis
A molecule splits into two smaller ones
9 terms
Digestion 1
Digestion
Absorption
Saliva
Enzyme
The process by which the body breaks down food into small nut…
The process by which nutrient molecules pass through the wall…
The fluid released when the mouth waters that plays an import…
A protein that speeds up chemical reactions in the body
Digestion
The process by which the body breaks down food into small nut…
Absorption
The process by which nutrient molecules pass through the wall…
90 terms
Digestion 1
main function of digestive sys
4 basic processes of digestive system
motility
secretion
transfer:... nutrients... water... electrolytes... from ingested food i…
motility... secretion... digestion... absorption
muscular contractions --> ... mix & move contents forward in di…
transfer of:... * digestive juices... by EXOCRINE glands ... into DI…
main function of digestive sys
transfer:... nutrients... water... electrolytes... from ingested food i…
4 basic processes of digestive system
motility... secretion... digestion... absorption
19 terms
6.1 Digestion and Absorption
enzyme in saliva that breaks down star…
place where food is masticated ... (broke…
rhythmic muscular contractions that sq…
an enlarged, muscular saclike organ wh…
amylase
mouth
peristalsis
stomach
enzyme in saliva that breaks down star…
amylase
place where food is masticated ... (broke…
mouth
123 terms
Digestion 1
Carbs, Proteins, and Fat all fall unde…
Vitamins and minerals fall under this…
What are the 4 types of carbohydrates?
What are the 5 types of proteins?
Macronutrients
Micronutrients
Monosaccharide, Disaccharide, Oligosaccharides, Polysaccharides
Amino acid, Dipeptide, Oligopeptide, Polypeptide, Protein
Carbs, Proteins, and Fat all fall unde…
Macronutrients
Vitamins and minerals fall under this…
Micronutrients
28 terms
Digestion, 6.1 Digestion and Absorption
enzyme in saliva that breaks down star…
place where food is masticated ... (broke…
peristalsis
an enlarged, muscular saclike organ wh…
amylase
mouth
rhythmic muscular contractions that squeeze food through oeso…
stomach
enzyme in saliva that breaks down star…
amylase
place where food is masticated ... (broke…
mouth
19 terms
DIGESTION 1
Mouth
Esophagus
Stomach
Small Intestines
Where Digestion Starts
Tube that leads from the mouth to the stomach
Storage place for food, Filled with Gastric Juice
Most digestion takes place here. Digestion is completed here.
Mouth
Where Digestion Starts
Esophagus
Tube that leads from the mouth to the stomach
17 terms
Digestion 1
Proteins
Carbohydrates
Fats
Caecum
Made of amino acids
Made of simple sugars
Triglycerides
Proteins
Made of amino acids
Carbohydrates
Made of simple sugars
Digestion 1
Macromolecule
Metabolism
Essential Nutrient
Monosaccharide
A very large molecule made up of smaller molecules that are l…
The sum total of all of the chemical reactions that occur in…
A nutrient that cannot be made by the body, and must therefor…
A simple sugar with 3-7 carbon atoms
Macromolecule
A very large molecule made up of smaller molecules that are l…
Metabolism
The sum total of all of the chemical reactions that occur in…
Digestion 1
mouth
salivary glands
amylase
bolus
digestions begins here, teeth masticate the food, increasing…
glands of the mouth that produce saliva, a digestive secretio…
an enzyme found in saliva starts to breaks down carbohydrates…
the actual portion bite size of food that goes down your esop…
mouth
digestions begins here, teeth masticate the food, increasing…
salivary glands
glands of the mouth that produce saliva, a digestive secretio…
digestion 1
digestive system
teeth
tongue
salivary glands
organs that ingest food, mix and move ingested material, abso…
bones used in chewing food to break apart food
skeletal muscle of the most with surface involved in taste, m…
glands in the oral cavity which produce saliva
digestive system
organs that ingest food, mix and move ingested material, abso…
teeth
bones used in chewing food to break apart food
22 terms
Digestion 1
functions of the digestion system
main divisions of the digestive system
alimentary canal
accessory digestive organs
- ingest food... - break down food into nutrient molecules... - abs…
1. alimentary canal... 2. accessory digestive organs
- continuous, muscular digestive tube winding throughout the…
teeth, tongue, gallbladder, salivary glands, liver, pancreas
functions of the digestion system
- ingest food... - break down food into nutrient molecules... - abs…
main divisions of the digestive system
1. alimentary canal... 2. accessory digestive organs
Digestion 1
What is Digestion ?
4 Basic Molecules
4 Basic Digestive processes
Carbohydrates
Transfer of nutrients, water, electrolytes into animal
Carbohydrates... Fats... Proteins... Nucleic Acid
Motility... Secretion... Digestion... Absorption
Simple Sugars -> Glucose, Lactose, Sucrose & Starches, Cellul…
What is Digestion ?
Transfer of nutrients, water, electrolytes into animal
4 Basic Molecules
Carbohydrates... Fats... Proteins... Nucleic Acid
36 terms
6.1 Digestion and Absorption
Ingestion
Digestion
Absorption
Egestion
Intake of food
Breakdown of food substances into simpler forms that can be a…
Digested products moving into blood stream, picked up by the…
removal of undigested waste
Ingestion
Intake of food
Digestion
Breakdown of food substances into simpler forms that can be a…
23 terms
Digestion 1
Anatomy of the digestive system
Alimentary Canal
Accessory Digestive Organs
General histology of the GI tract
-Functions: get food into a usable form... -Organs divided into…
-Hollow tube... -Site of Digestion ... -Site of Absorption... -Digesti…
-Salivary glands... -Gallbladder... -Liver... -Pancreas
-Basic structural plan from esophagus to anus... -4 tunics... ~Muc…
Anatomy of the digestive system
-Functions: get food into a usable form... -Organs divided into…
Alimentary Canal
-Hollow tube... -Site of Digestion ... -Site of Absorption... -Digesti…
102 terms
Digestion 1
Digestive system
Alimentary canal
Accessory digestive organs
Name 6 essential activities in digesti…
Alimentary canal or gastrointestinal tract digest and absorb'…
Mouth, pharynx, esophagus, stomach small intestine and large…
Teeth,gallbladder, salivary gland, liver and pancreas
Ingestion propulsion and mechanical digestion, chemical diges…
Digestive system
Alimentary canal or gastrointestinal tract digest and absorb'…
Alimentary canal
Mouth, pharynx, esophagus, stomach small intestine and large…
33 terms
Digestion 1
Ingestion
Mechanical processing and propulsion
Digestion
Secretion
an active process involving conscious choice and decision mak…
mastication, churning, swallowing, peristalsis
breakdown of ingested material via acids and enzymes
the release of water, acids, buffers,and salts by the epithel…
Ingestion
an active process involving conscious choice and decision mak…
Mechanical processing and propulsion
mastication, churning, swallowing, peristalsis
Digestion 1
Autotrophs
Heterotrophs
Two types of Heterotrophs
Three types of Predators
1. Produce complex organic compounds (i.e., carbohydrates, fa…
Unable to synthesize their own nutrients and rely on consumin…
• Predators feed on living organisms.... • Detritivores feed on…
• herbivores, which consume plants; ... • carnivores, which prey…
Autotrophs
1. Produce complex organic compounds (i.e., carbohydrates, fa…
Heterotrophs
Unable to synthesize their own nutrients and rely on consumin…
15 terms
Digestion 1
Celiac disease
Hernia
Appendicitis
Lactose intolerance
disease caused by sensitivity to gluten
Protrusion of an organ through the wall of the cavity that no…
Inflammation of the appendix
The inability to completely digest the milk sugar lactose
Celiac disease
disease caused by sensitivity to gluten
Hernia
Protrusion of an organ through the wall of the cavity that no…
Digestion 1
ingestion - where
propulsion
peristalsis
swallowing - where
mouth
moving forward; swallowing, peristalsis
ADJACENT segments wave-like muscle contraction
oropharynx
ingestion - where
mouth
propulsion
moving forward; swallowing, peristalsis
Digestion 1
digestive system is known as a
gastroenterology
ingestion
digestion
"disassembly line"
study processes and diseases of the digestive tract
selective intake of food
mechanical and chemical break down into a usable form
digestive system is known as a
"disassembly line"
gastroenterology
study processes and diseases of the digestive tract
35 terms
Digestion 1
Ghrelin
Neuropeptide Y
Peptide YY
Leptin
Released primarily by stomach and its highest levels are righ…
Promotes growth of adipose tissue
Released by intestines... Satiety hormone
Released by adipose tissues
Ghrelin
Released primarily by stomach and its highest levels are righ…
Neuropeptide Y
Promotes growth of adipose tissue
27 terms
digestion 1
merocrine glands
exocrine glands
endocrine glands
apocrine glands
Exocrine glands that secrete without losing cellular material
Glands that produce a secretion carried by a duct or tube
Glands secrete hormones that regulate processes such as growt…
Sweat glands that are located in the axillae and anogenital a…
merocrine glands
Exocrine glands that secrete without losing cellular material
exocrine glands
Glands that produce a secretion carried by a duct or tube
29 terms
Digestion 1
Tongue
Tongue
Ankyloglossia
Tongue Papillae
1.process food: grips, repositions food. Mixes with saliva an…
1.Intrinsic Muscles: within (interlacing fascicles)... 2. Extrin…
"fused tongue", "tongue tied" congenital short frenulum.
Mucosal peg-like projections ... 1. Filiform ... 2. Fungiform... 3. Ci…
Tongue
1.process food: grips, repositions food. Mixes with saliva an…
Tongue
1.Intrinsic Muscles: within (interlacing fascicles)... 2. Extrin…
59 terms
Digestion (1)
Roles of digestion
Integration & Regulation
Parts of Gut
Parts of Tube
- Move food from one end to other ... - Break down food ... - Absor…
♣ All 3 of these functions must be Integrated and Regulated…
includes tube and all the organs
♣ Oropharynx (mouth & back of throat) ... ♣ Esophagus ... ♣ Stomach…
Roles of digestion
- Move food from one end to other ... - Break down food ... - Absor…
Integration & Regulation
♣ All 3 of these functions must be Integrated and Regulated…
Digestion 1
How much saliva do we make a day
Saliva contains high concentration of…
pH level of when salivary amylase begi…
pH level when salivary amylase (hydrol…
1-1.5 L a day
K and HCO3 ... Low Na and Cl
6.5-7.0
2.5 which is the pH levels of the gastric juices
How much saliva do we make a day
1-1.5 L a day
Saliva contains high concentration of…
K and HCO3 ... Low Na and Cl
CT1- Digestion
amino acids
carbohydrates
lipids
unsaturated
Proteins are made of __________ __________.
The preferred source of energy for your body is __________.
Fats are also called __________.
Fats are classified as __________ if they have any double bon…
amino acids
Proteins are made of __________ __________.
carbohydrates
The preferred source of energy for your body is __________.
10 terms
Digestion & Motion: Lessons 1 & 2
Cell
Organ
Tissue
Organism
the smallest unit of an organism that can carry out the basic…
a group of different tissues working together to perform a sp…
a group of similar cells that work together to carry out a sp…
A complete living thing. Members of the animal kingdom, such…
Cell
the smallest unit of an organism that can carry out the basic…
Organ
a group of different tissues working together to perform a sp…
digestion 1
functions of digestive system
ingestion
mechanical processing
digestion
ingestion, mechanical processing, digestion, secretion, absor…
materials enter the digestive tract via the mouth.
crushing and shearing with teeth and makes materials easier t…
the chemical breakdown of food into small organic fragments f…
functions of digestive system
ingestion, mechanical processing, digestion, secretion, absor…
ingestion
materials enter the digestive tract via the mouth.
49 terms
Digestion 1
Artery to foregut, midgut, hindgut
vein to foregut, midgut, hindgut
what makes up the foregut?
what makes up the midgut?
celiac trunk, superior mesenteric, inferior mesenteric
individual veins, superior mesenteric, inferior mesenteric
abdominal esophagus, stomach, duodenum, liver, pancreas, gall…
duodenum, jejunum, ilium, cecum, appendix, ascending colon, r…
Artery to foregut, midgut, hindgut
celiac trunk, superior mesenteric, inferior mesenteric
vein to foregut, midgut, hindgut
individual veins, superior mesenteric, inferior mesenteric
7 terms
6.1 Digestion
Explain why digestion of large food mo…
Draw and label a diagram of the human…
Explain the need for enzymes in digest…
State the source, substrate, products…
Most food molecules are large polymers and insoluble;... e.g. st…
Ensure that there is t-junction connection with the pancreati…
Enzymes are biological catalysts that increase the rate of re…
Explain why digestion of large food mo…
Most food molecules are large polymers and insoluble;... e.g. st…
Draw and label a diagram of the human…
Ensure that there is t-junction connection with the pancreati…
41 terms
(1) Digestion
Hunger vs Appetite
Satiety
What regulates satiety
Digestion
Hunger - physical... Appetite - psychological
No longer hungry... 20-30 minutes after eating
Hypothalamus... GI tract... Hormones
"Process whereby food is broken down into forms that can be t…
Hunger vs Appetite
Hunger - physical... Appetite - psychological
Satiety
No longer hungry... 20-30 minutes after eating
85 terms
Digestion 1
Alimentary Canal
propulsion
peristalsis
Segmentation; where
tube that leads all the way from mouth to anus (mouth, pharyn…
Helps food move THROUGH digestive tract/alimentary canal
Adjacent segments of alimentary tract organs alternately cont…
Non adjacent segments of alimentary tract organs alternately…
Alimentary Canal
tube that leads all the way from mouth to anus (mouth, pharyn…
propulsion
Helps food move THROUGH digestive tract/alimentary canal
70 terms
Digestion Part 1
Oral Cavity
Labia
Cheeks
gingivae
Oral Cavity
Labia
Digestion 1
What do we eat?
What kinds of foods are carbohydrates?
What kind of foods are proteins?
What do carbs break down into?
Carbohydrates, Proteins, and Fats
Sugars and Starches
Milk, Eggs, Meat, Cheese, Nuts
Glucose or an isomer
What do we eat?
Carbohydrates, Proteins, and Fats
What kinds of foods are carbohydrates?
Sugars and Starches
Digestion 1
Mouth
3 Salivary Glands
Esophagus
Stomach
saliva production occurs here by glands
Parotid Gland, Submandibular Gland, and Sublingual Gland
comes after the mouth
comes after the esophagus
Mouth
saliva production occurs here by glands
3 Salivary Glands
Parotid Gland, Submandibular Gland, and Sublingual Gland
32 terms
Digestion 1
6 Functions of the digestive system
4 major tissue layers of Digestive Tract
What are villi and what do they do?
What is peristalsis and how does it fu…
1. Ingestion 2. Mechanical processing 3. Digestion ... 4. Secret…
1. Mucosa 2. Submucosa 3. Muscularis externa ... 4. Serosa
FInger-like projections that increase surface area in the dig…
The contraction of circular muscles, that pushes the bolus in…
6 Functions of the digestive system
1. Ingestion 2. Mechanical processing 3. Digestion ... 4. Secret…
4 major tissue layers of Digestive Tract
1. Mucosa 2. Submucosa 3. Muscularis externa ... 4. Serosa
6.1 Digestion and Absorption
Absorption
Amylase
Cellulose
Circular muscles
the movement of a substance, such as a liquid or solute, acro…
an enzyme,produced by salivary glands and pancreas, that conv…
a complex carbohydrate that is composed of glucose units, and…
the inner layer of smooth (involuntary) muscle of the muscle…
Absorption
the movement of a substance, such as a liquid or solute, acro…
Amylase
an enzyme,produced by salivary glands and pancreas, that conv…
6.1 Digestion and Absorption
Ingestion
Digestion
Absorption
Egestion
Intake of food
Breakdown of food substances into simpler forms that can be a…
Digested products moving into blood stream, picked up by the…
removal of undigested waste
Ingestion
Intake of food
Digestion
Breakdown of food substances into simpler forms that can be a…
67 terms
Digestion 1
What are some of the main functions of…
What is the main goal of the respirato…
What are the 2 main parts of the diges…
What is the alimentary canal?
takes in food, breaks it down into nutrient molecules, absorb…
perfusion- deliver nutrients to the blood so the blood can de…
the alimentary canal (GI tract) and the accessory organs
essentially the GI tract, continuous muscular digestive tube,…
What are some of the main functions of…
takes in food, breaks it down into nutrient molecules, absorb…
What is the main goal of the respirato…
perfusion- deliver nutrients to the blood so the blood can de…
27 terms
Digestion 1
What is digestion?
Define ruminant
Define non-ruminant
Define carnivore
Ingestion, grinding, absorption of food. Elimination of solid…
Mammals that acquire nutrients through fermenting of plant ba…
Does not have 4 part stomach, has simple stomach
Meat-eating
What is digestion?
Ingestion, grinding, absorption of food. Elimination of solid…
Define ruminant
Mammals that acquire nutrients through fermenting of plant ba…
9 terms
Digestion Pt 1
the process by which the body breaks d…
The process by which nutrient molecule…
the fluid released when the mouth wate…
A protein that speeds up chemical reac…
Digestion
Absorption
Saliva
Enzyme
the process by which the body breaks d…
Digestion
The process by which nutrient molecule…
Absorption
Digestion:Lessons 1-5
organism
cell
tissue
organ
A complete living thing, including animals and plants.
The smallest unit of an organism that can carry out the basic…
A group of similar cells that work together to carry out a sp…
A group of different tissues that work together to perform a…
organism
A complete living thing, including animals and plants.
cell
The smallest unit of an organism that can carry out the basic…
27 terms
Digestion 1
What are 4 processes of the GI tract?
What percent of total energy taken in…
What percent of total energy taken in…
What percent of total energy taken in…
Motility, secretion, digestion, absorption
45-65%
20-35%
15-25%
What are 4 processes of the GI tract?
Motility, secretion, digestion, absorption
What percent of total energy taken in…
45-65%
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