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Study sets matching "digestion biology 101"

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Study sets matching "digestion biology 101"

72 terms
Biology 101 Digestive
Digestive system
Digestion
What are actions which prepare the foo…
What are a series of chemical reaction…
Organs that promote digestion and absorb the prodcuts
Breaking of food into pieces that are small enough to be abso…
Mechanical digestion (chewing)
Chemical Digestion
Digestive system
Organs that promote digestion and absorb the prodcuts
Digestion
Breaking of food into pieces that are small enough to be abso…
72 terms
Biology 101 Digestive
Digestive system
Digestion
What are actions which prepare the foo…
What are a series of chemical reaction…
Organs that promote digestion and absorb the prodcuts
Breaking of food into pieces that are small enough to be abso…
Mechanical digestion (chewing)
Chemical Digestion
Digestive system
Organs that promote digestion and absorb the prodcuts
Digestion
Breaking of food into pieces that are small enough to be abso…
72 terms
Biology 101 Digestive
Digestive system
Digestion
What are actions which prepare the foo…
What are a series of chemical reaction…
Organs that promote digestion and absorb the prodcuts
Breaking of food into pieces that are small enough to be abso…
Mechanical digestion (chewing)
Chemical Digestion
Digestive system
Organs that promote digestion and absorb the prodcuts
Digestion
Breaking of food into pieces that are small enough to be abso…
31 terms
Biology 101 Digestive System
Heterotrophs
Food
Nutrients
Calorie
...
...
Lipids... Carbs... Proteins... Minerals... Vitamins
Energy unit of food
Heterotrophs
...
Food
...
95 terms
Biology 101: Digestive System
What ar the functions of the digestive…
What are the three groups of heterotro…
What are the two types of digestive sy…
What are characteristics of a bag dige…
ingestion, digestion, absorption, elimination
herbivores, omnivores, and carnivores
bags and tubes
there is a single opening, called the gastrovascular cavity,…
What ar the functions of the digestive…
ingestion, digestion, absorption, elimination
What are the three groups of heterotro…
herbivores, omnivores, and carnivores
72 terms
Biology 101 Digestive
Digestive system
Digestion
What are actions which prepare the foo…
What are a series of chemical reaction…
Organs that promote digestion and absorb the prodcuts
Breaking of food into pieces that are small enough to be abso…
Mechanical digestion (chewing)
Chemical Digestion
Digestive system
Organs that promote digestion and absorb the prodcuts
Digestion
Breaking of food into pieces that are small enough to be abso…
72 terms
Biology 101 Digestive
Digestive system
Digestion
What are actions which prepare the foo…
What are a series of chemical reaction…
Organs that promote digestion and absorb the prodcuts
Breaking of food into pieces that are small enough to be abso…
Mechanical digestion (chewing)
Chemical Digestion
Digestive system
Organs that promote digestion and absorb the prodcuts
Digestion
Breaking of food into pieces that are small enough to be abso…
30 terms
Biology 101 Quiz: The Digestive System
What is the difference between Herbivo…
What is Ingestion?
What is Digestion?
What is Absorption?
Mainly plants, mainly animals, both
Another word for eating
The breakdown of food into small nutrients molecules
The uptake of the small nutrient molecules by cells lining th…
What is the difference between Herbivo…
Mainly plants, mainly animals, both
What is Ingestion?
Another word for eating
63 terms
Biology 101: E2Lecture 7 - Digestion
Exchange occurs as
Animals exchange materials with the en…
Why do Multicellular organism have a h…
Characteristics of Simple Animals that…
substances dissolved in an aqueous solution move across the p…
Digestion, Respiration, Circulation
Exchange must occur across each cell... Every cell must have acc…
1) Thin, flat shape... 2) Very few cell layers... 3) Live in moist…
Exchange occurs as
substances dissolved in an aqueous solution move across the p…
Animals exchange materials with the en…
Digestion, Respiration, Circulation
11 terms
Digestive BIOLOGY 101.2.1.1.1.1
Digestive system
Digestion
Mechanical digestion
Chemical digestion
Organs that promote digestion and absorb the products
Breaking of food into pieces that are small enough to be abso…
Actions which prepare the food to be mixed with enzymes that…
Series of chemical reactions that break down the large molecu…
Digestive system
Organs that promote digestion and absorb the products
Digestion
Breaking of food into pieces that are small enough to be abso…
95 terms
Biology 101: Digestive System exam 2
What ar the functions of the digestive…
What are the three groups of heterotro…
What are the two types of digestive sy…
What are characteristics of a bag dige…
ingestion, digestion, absorption, elimination
herbivores, omnivores, and carnivores
bags and tubes
there is a single opening, called the gastrovascular cavity,…
What ar the functions of the digestive…
ingestion, digestion, absorption, elimination
What are the three groups of heterotro…
herbivores, omnivores, and carnivores
Biology : Digestion
taking substances into the body throug…
the braking down of LARGE food molecul…
movement of digested food molecules th…
the passing out of food that has not b…
ingestion
digestion
absorption
egestion
taking substances into the body throug…
ingestion
the braking down of LARGE food molecul…
digestion
26 terms
Biology Unit: Digestion
Chemical Digestion
Lysozyme
Salivary Glands
Mechanical Digestion
The breaking down of food into simpler nutrients that can be…
An enzyme that kills bacteria. It can be found in mucus, swea…
Produce an enzyme called amylase to start the breakdown of st…
The physical breakdown of food into smaller pieces. It begins…
Chemical Digestion
The breaking down of food into simpler nutrients that can be…
Lysozyme
An enzyme that kills bacteria. It can be found in mucus, swea…
29 terms
Biology 101
H
Hydrogen
He
Helium
Hydrogen
Helium
H
Hydrogen
Hydrogen
109 terms
Biology: Digestion
Digestion:... What is digestion?... What are…
Intracellular Digestion:... occurs where?
Extracellular Digestion:... occurs where?
Digestion of food is intracellular or…
- consist of the degradation of large molecules into smaller…
- occurs within the cell... - usually in membrane-bound vesicles
- occurs outside the cell, within a lumen or tract
extracellular
Digestion:... What is digestion?... What are…
- consist of the degradation of large molecules into smaller…
Intracellular Digestion:... occurs where?
- occurs within the cell... - usually in membrane-bound vesicles
146 terms
Biology 101
Intermolecular attractions
Polar molecule
Properties of water
Nonpolar molecules
Attraction between molecules
Asymmetric molecule hydrophilic
Very polar... Adhesion... Cohesion... High specific heat... High heat of…
Symmetrical or balanced molecule... Hydrophobic
Intermolecular attractions
Attraction between molecules
Polar molecule
Asymmetric molecule hydrophilic
15 terms
Biology digestion
mouth cavity
esophogus
stomach
small intestine
(amylase), pathway for food: teeth,tongue,salivary glands and…
alimentary canal between lower pharynx (throat) and stomach b…
part of alimentary canal where food is temporarily stored, pa…
digestion is completed, nutrient absorbtion,... Mechanical diges…
mouth cavity
(amylase), pathway for food: teeth,tongue,salivary glands and…
esophogus
alimentary canal between lower pharynx (throat) and stomach b…
44 terms
Biology: Digestion
digestive system
enzymes involved in carbohydrate diges…
salivary amylase production site
salivary amylase function site
1. salivary amylase (ptyalin)... 2. pancreatic amylase... 3. maltas…
salivary glands
mouth
digestive system
enzymes involved in carbohydrate diges…
1. salivary amylase (ptyalin)... 2. pancreatic amylase... 3. maltas…
24 terms
BISc 101 Lab 7: Animal Biology 1 - Excretory and Digestive Systems
Epithelial Tissue
Connective Tissue
Muscle Tissue
Nervous Tissue
Characteristics:... -Covers and lines body surfaces... -Cells dense…
Characteristics:... -Contains cells, fibres, and extracellular m…
Characteristics:... -long contractile cells consisting of long m…
Characteristics: ... -consist of neurons... Functions:... -send messag…
Epithelial Tissue
Characteristics:... -Covers and lines body surfaces... -Cells dense…
Connective Tissue
Characteristics:... -Contains cells, fibres, and extracellular m…
41 terms
Biology 101 Chapter 3
Eukaryotic cells
Prokaryotic cells
Archaean cells
Anton van Leeuwenhoek
Have a nucleus (membrane enclosed DNA organelle)... are structur…
Have a nucleoid (no membrane around DNA)... structurally simple;…
have qualities of both prokaryotes and eukaryotes and exist i…
recognized for inventing one of the earliest microscopes and…
Eukaryotic cells
Have a nucleus (membrane enclosed DNA organelle)... are structur…
Prokaryotic cells
Have a nucleoid (no membrane around DNA)... structurally simple;…
101 terms
Biology 101 chapter 2
Matter
Elements
Elements That Make up 95% of Organisms
Atom
Anything that takes up space and has mass
All matter, living or nonliving, is made up of this, substanc…
C Carbon... H Hydrogen... N Nitrogen... O Oxygen... P Phosphorus... S Sulfur
The smallest part of an element that displays the properties…
Matter
Anything that takes up space and has mass
Elements
All matter, living or nonliving, is made up of this, substanc…
41 terms
101- Animal Bio- Digestion + Bioenergetics (1 + 2)
heterotroph
why eat?
essential nutrients
what happens when you have an overdose…
obtain energy from organic material
give chem energy... - essential nutrients... - provide building blo…
things we cannot make ourselves but are needed in order to pr…
body is unable to break it down and use it... - vitamins are fat…
heterotroph
obtain energy from organic material
why eat?
give chem energy... - essential nutrients... - provide building blo…
19 terms
Biology Chapter 10: DIGESTION
Appendix
Bile
Chemical Change
Digestion
A small, finger like extension of the digestive system where…
A green substance that breaks up fat particles
turns food into a form that cells can use
the changing of food into a usable form
Appendix
A small, finger like extension of the digestive system where…
Bile
A green substance that breaks up fat particles
35 terms
Biology -- Digestion
Why do organisms need food?
What is the function of digestion?
What are some structures of the digest…
What does food provide?
Organisms need food to have energy, maintain homeostasis and…
The function of the digestive system is to break down food in…
1. mouth 2, esophagus 3. stomach 4. small intestine 5. large…
Food provides energy and raw materials needed for homeostasis…
Why do organisms need food?
Organisms need food to have energy, maintain homeostasis and…
What is the function of digestion?
The function of the digestive system is to break down food in…
152 terms
Biology 101
What are the 5 properties of water?
What enters and leaves a cell?
How does water enter the cell?
What does a phospholipid bilayer mean?
Polar, adhesion properties, surface tension, high specific he…
air, water, food, light
selectively permeable membrane
There is a hydrophilic and hydrophobic layer and channels and…
What are the 5 properties of water?
Polar, adhesion properties, surface tension, high specific he…
What enters and leaves a cell?
air, water, food, light
29 terms
Biology 101 chapter 1
Biology
Levels of biological organization
Characteristics of Living Organisms
A cell is ...
the scientific study of life
Biosphere, Ecosystem, Community, Population, Organism, Organ…
Are organized... Acquire materials and energy... Reproduce... Respond…
the smallest unit of life.
Biology
the scientific study of life
Levels of biological organization
Biosphere, Ecosystem, Community, Population, Organism, Organ…
17 terms
Biology 101: Chapter 4
organic compounds
electron configuration
4
hydrogen, nitrogen and oxygen
those compounds containing carbon
the key to an atom's chemical characteristics
# of valence electrons carbon has
the elements that carbon most frequently binds with
organic compounds
those compounds containing carbon
electron configuration
the key to an atom's chemical characteristics
Biology- Digestion
Name the digestive glands
What is the function of the digestive…
What do digestive enzymes do to food?
What is digestion?
salivary glands... gastric glands... pancreas
To make food into smaller molecules and take them into the bl…
They dissolve food and make large insoluble molecules into sm…
It is the breakdown of large insoluble molecules into smaller…
Name the digestive glands
salivary glands... gastric glands... pancreas
What is the function of the digestive…
To make food into smaller molecules and take them into the bl…
36 terms
Biology 101: Chapter 3
polar molecule
cohesion
adhesion
surface tension
a molecule whose overall charge is unevenly distributed.
the linking together of like molecules, often by hydrogen bon…
the clinging of one substance to another
a measure of how difficult it is to stretch or break the surf…
polar molecule
a molecule whose overall charge is unevenly distributed.
cohesion
the linking together of like molecules, often by hydrogen bon…
Bio101- digestion
Enzyme that breaks down starch in the…
enzyme that breaks down proteins in th…
enzyme that break down lipids in duode…
epiglottis
amalyse
pepsin
lipase
flap that closes off the entrance to the trachea- air tube
Enzyme that breaks down starch in the…
amalyse
enzyme that breaks down proteins in th…
pepsin
16 terms
Biology: Digestion
Nutrition
Nutrient
Six Groups of Nutrients
Heterotrophic Nutrition
- the activities by which organism obtain an use food ... - orga…
-useful molecules in food, food also contains waste(what you…
1. Carbohydrates: starches, simple sugars... 2. Lipids: fats and…
- The purpose of which is to take in complex macromolecules s…
Nutrition
- the activities by which organism obtain an use food ... - orga…
Nutrient
-useful molecules in food, food also contains waste(what you…
22 terms
BIOLOGY- Digestion
SMALL INTESTINE- DUODDENUM AND ILEUM
PANCREAS
SALIVARY GLANDS
LARGE INTESTINE- COLON, RECTUM AND ANUS
DUODENUM- Where food is mixed with digestive enzymes and bile…
Produces digestive enzymes: Lipases, Carbohydrases, Proteases…
Produce saliva containing amylase
COLON- Where water is reabsorbed... RECTUM- Where faeces are s…
SMALL INTESTINE- DUODDENUM AND ILEUM
DUODENUM- Where food is mixed with digestive enzymes and bile…
PANCREAS
Produces digestive enzymes: Lipases, Carbohydrases, Proteases…
18 terms
BIOLOGY - Digestion
What is the function of fat?
What is the function of carbohydrates?
What is the function of protein?
What is a healthy diet?
Energy storage and making cell membranes
Provides instant energy (sugars) Provides instant energy and…
For growth and repair
A heathy diet is a mix of fats, proteins, carbohydrates, vita…
What is the function of fat?
Energy storage and making cell membranes
What is the function of carbohydrates?
Provides instant energy (sugars) Provides instant energy and…
34 terms
Biology - Digestion
acid
active transport
alimentary canal
alkaline
Corrosive substance which has a pH lower than 7. Acidity is c…
The transport of molecules against their concentration gradie…
The digestive tract which runs from mouth to anus.
Having a pH greater than 7.
acid
Corrosive substance which has a pH lower than 7. Acidity is c…
active transport
The transport of molecules against their concentration gradie…
32 terms
Biology Digestion
Digestion
Gastrointestinal tract
Assistive Organs
Types of Digestion
The process of breaking down food to molecules that can be us…
Where digestion occurs, and is a long tube at the mouth that…
Are located next to the digestive tract, and aid in the diges…
It includes mechanical and chemical breakdowns of food into n…
Digestion
The process of breaking down food to molecules that can be us…
Gastrointestinal tract
Where digestion occurs, and is a long tube at the mouth that…
48 terms
Biology 101
Define Prokaryotic (cells, feature, ex…
Define Eukaryotic (Cell, features)
Define Nucleus
Define Cell
always unicellular, no nucleus : bacteria
can be unicellular or multicellular
where the DNA is stored. Brain of the cell
basic/smallest unit of living organism
Define Prokaryotic (cells, feature, ex…
always unicellular, no nucleus : bacteria
Define Eukaryotic (Cell, features)
can be unicellular or multicellular
36 terms
Biology Digestion
Monosaccharide (glucose)
Lipid
Amino Acid (protein)
Dissaccharide
Monosaccharide (glucose)
Lipid
12 terms
Bio 101 Digestion and Nutrition
mechanical processing and motility
secretion
digestion
absorption
1st function of the digestive system; teeth break up and mois…
2nd function of the digestive system; salivary glands secrete…
3rd function of the digestive system; food is broken down and…
4th function of the digestive system; nutrients and fluids pa…
mechanical processing and motility
1st function of the digestive system; teeth break up and mois…
secretion
2nd function of the digestive system; salivary glands secrete…
16 terms
Biology Digestion
Ingestion
Mechanical digestion
Chemical digestion
Amylase
To take into the body by the mouth for digestion or absorption.
involves physically breaking the food into smaller pieces. be…
involves breaking down the food into simpler nutrients that c…
Enzyme that helps break down starch molecules into simpler fo…
Ingestion
To take into the body by the mouth for digestion or absorption.
Mechanical digestion
involves physically breaking the food into smaller pieces. be…
36 terms
Biology: Digestion
Food
Molecules
What happens to broken down molecules?
Excretion
molecules are too large to be simply absorbed
must be broken down to pass into cells
broken down into the digestive system and are then absorbed i…
refers to the removal of substances that were once part of th…
Food
molecules are too large to be simply absorbed
Molecules
must be broken down to pass into cells
55 terms
Biology -- Digestion
Nutrients
Carbohydrates
Proteins
Essential Amnio Acids
Materials body cells need to function, grow and replicate
Broken down aerobically to provide most of the body's energy.…
Major structural and functional materials of body cells. Prov…
Must be obtained from food. 10 AA's when growing. 8 AA's in a…
Nutrients
Materials body cells need to function, grow and replicate
Carbohydrates
Broken down aerobically to provide most of the body's energy.…
32 terms
Biology- Digestion
Digestion
Protein
Carbohydrate
Fat
The breakdown of food into particles small enough to be absor…
Eaten to provide materials for growth and repair.
Sugars and starches eaten for energy.
Very high energy food.
Digestion
The breakdown of food into particles small enough to be absor…
Protein
Eaten to provide materials for growth and repair.
43 terms
Biology Digestion
Monomer of Carbs
Enzyme of Carbs
Function of Carbs
Where are Carbs digested?
Monosaccharides
Salivary Amilase
Main energy source
In the mouth
Monomer of Carbs
Monosaccharides
Enzyme of Carbs
Salivary Amilase
32 terms
biology: digestion
saliva
amylase
epiglottis
pharynx
consists of water and amylase, helps chemically digest carbs
enzyme, helps digest starch and turn it into simple sugars, s…
closes lungs while swallowing to prevent choking
muscular tube, has nerves that goes up to brain, squeezes foo…
saliva
consists of water and amylase, helps chemically digest carbs
amylase
enzyme, helps digest starch and turn it into simple sugars, s…
25 terms
6.1 IB Biology: Digestion
Ingestion
Digestion
Absorption
Transport
Take into the body by swallowing or absorbing it.
The process of breaking down food by mechanical and enzymatic…
The process or action by which one thing absorbs or is absorb…
Refers to processes which cause heat energy, or particles, or…
Ingestion
Take into the body by swallowing or absorbing it.
Digestion
The process of breaking down food by mechanical and enzymatic…
20 terms
Biology: Digestion
Ingestion & Mastication
Digestion
Absorption
Assimilation
Food- taken into mouth and chewed
Food- Broken down into soluble material: Enzymes (e.g. pepsin…
Soluble food is absorbed into blood stream
Absorbed food is transported to cells
Ingestion & Mastication
Food- taken into mouth and chewed
Digestion
Food- Broken down into soluble material: Enzymes (e.g. pepsin…
40 terms
DIGESTION AND BIOLOGY
DIGESTION
INGESTION
ABSORBTION
TRANSPORT
enzyme fascilated chemical process
intake of foo macromolecules
Small molecules are passed through the cells of the digestive…
small molecules are delivered to the body cells trough the bl…
DIGESTION
enzyme fascilated chemical process
INGESTION
intake of foo macromolecules
117 terms
Biology 101
metabolism
energy
kinetic energy
thermal energy
sum of all chemical reactions within a living organism
ability to do work or bring about a change
energy of motion
energy of heat
metabolism
sum of all chemical reactions within a living organism
energy
ability to do work or bring about a change
146 terms
Biology 101
Intermolecular attractions
Polar molecule
Properties of water
Nonpolar molecules
Attraction between molecules
Asymmetric molecule hydrophilic
Very polar... Adhesion... Cohesion... High specific heat... High heat of…
Symmetrical or balanced molecule... Hydrophobic
Intermolecular attractions
Attraction between molecules
Polar molecule
Asymmetric molecule hydrophilic
111 terms
Biology 101
Pseudoscience
Quackery
Anecdotal Evidence
Ecology
Individuals make scientific sounding claims that are not supp…
Promoting the use and/or purchase of ... remedies even when ther…
Based on only one or a few ... observations, people conclude tha…
The study of the interactions living things have with each ot…
Pseudoscience
Individuals make scientific sounding claims that are not supp…
Quackery
Promoting the use and/or purchase of ... remedies even when ther…
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