Study sets matching "digestion biology 101"

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Study sets matching "digestion biology 101"

72 terms
Biology 101 Digestive
Digestive system
Digestion
What are actions which prepare the foo…
What are a series of chemical reaction…
Organs that promote digestion and absorb the prodcuts
Breaking of food into pieces that are small enough to be abso…
Mechanical digestion (chewing)
Chemical Digestion
Digestive system
Organs that promote digestion and absorb the prodcuts
Digestion
Breaking of food into pieces that are small enough to be abso…
Biology 101 Digestive
Digestive system
Digestion
What are actions which prepare the foo…
What are a series of chemical reaction…
Organs that promote digestion and absorb the prodcuts
Breaking of food into pieces that are small enough to be abso…
Mechanical digestion (chewing)
Chemical Digestion
Digestive system
Organs that promote digestion and absorb the prodcuts
Digestion
Breaking of food into pieces that are small enough to be abso…
72 terms
Biology 101 Digestive
Digestive system
Digestion
What are actions which prepare the foo…
What are a series of chemical reaction…
Organs that promote digestion and absorb the prodcuts
Breaking of food into pieces that are small enough to be abso…
Mechanical digestion (chewing)
Chemical Digestion
Digestive system
Organs that promote digestion and absorb the prodcuts
Digestion
Breaking of food into pieces that are small enough to be abso…
Biology 101 Digestive System
Heterotrophs
Food
Nutrients
Calorie
...
...
Lipids... Carbs... Proteins... Minerals... Vitamins
Energy unit of food
Heterotrophs
...
Food
...
72 terms
Biology 101 Digestive
Digestive system
Digestion
What are actions which prepare the foo…
What are a series of chemical reaction…
Organs that promote digestion and absorb the prodcuts
Breaking of food into pieces that are small enough to be abso…
Mechanical digestion (chewing)
Chemical Digestion
Digestive system
Organs that promote digestion and absorb the prodcuts
Digestion
Breaking of food into pieces that are small enough to be abso…
95 terms
Biology 101: Digestive System
What ar the functions of the digestive…
What are the three groups of heterotro…
What are the two types of digestive sy…
What are characteristics of a bag dige…
ingestion, digestion, absorption, elimination
herbivores, omnivores, and carnivores
bags and tubes
there is a single opening, called the gastrovascular cavity,…
What ar the functions of the digestive…
ingestion, digestion, absorption, elimination
What are the three groups of heterotro…
herbivores, omnivores, and carnivores
72 terms
Biology 101 Digestive
Digestive system
Digestion
What are actions which prepare the foo…
What are a series of chemical reaction…
Organs that promote digestion and absorb the prodcuts
Breaking of food into pieces that are small enough to be abso…
Mechanical digestion (chewing)
Chemical Digestion
Digestive system
Organs that promote digestion and absorb the prodcuts
Digestion
Breaking of food into pieces that are small enough to be abso…
30 terms
Biology 101 Quiz: The Digestive System
What is the difference between Herbivo…
What is Ingestion?
What is Digestion?
What is Absorption?
Mainly plants, mainly animals, both
Another word for eating
The breakdown of food into small nutrients molecules
The uptake of the small nutrient molecules by cells lining th…
What is the difference between Herbivo…
Mainly plants, mainly animals, both
What is Ingestion?
Another word for eating
63 terms
Biology 101: E2Lecture 7 - Digestion
Exchange occurs as
Animals exchange materials with the en…
Why do Multicellular organism have a h…
Characteristics of Simple Animals that…
substances dissolved in an aqueous solution move across the p…
Digestion, Respiration, Circulation
Exchange must occur across each cell... Every cell must have acc…
1) Thin, flat shape... 2) Very few cell layers... 3) Live in moist…
Exchange occurs as
substances dissolved in an aqueous solution move across the p…
Animals exchange materials with the en…
Digestion, Respiration, Circulation
11 terms
Digestive BIOLOGY 101.2.1.1.1.1
Digestive system
Digestion
Mechanical digestion
Chemical digestion
Organs that promote digestion and absorb the products
Breaking of food into pieces that are small enough to be abso…
Actions which prepare the food to be mixed with enzymes that…
Series of chemical reactions that break down the large molecu…
Digestive system
Organs that promote digestion and absorb the products
Digestion
Breaking of food into pieces that are small enough to be abso…
Biology 101: Digestive System exam 2
What ar the functions of the digestive…
What are the three groups of heterotro…
What are the two types of digestive sy…
What are characteristics of a bag dige…
ingestion, digestion, absorption, elimination
herbivores, omnivores, and carnivores
bags and tubes
there is a single opening, called the gastrovascular cavity,…
What ar the functions of the digestive…
ingestion, digestion, absorption, elimination
What are the three groups of heterotro…
herbivores, omnivores, and carnivores
26 terms
Biology Unit: Digestion
Chemical Digestion
Lysozyme
Salivary Glands
Mechanical Digestion
The breaking down of food into simpler nutrients that can be…
An enzyme that kills bacteria. It can be found in mucus, swea…
Produce an enzyme called amylase to start the breakdown of st…
The physical breakdown of food into smaller pieces. It begins…
Chemical Digestion
The breaking down of food into simpler nutrients that can be…
Lysozyme
An enzyme that kills bacteria. It can be found in mucus, swea…
146 terms
Biology 101
Intermolecular attractions
Polar molecule
Properties of water
Nonpolar molecules
Attraction between molecules
Asymmetric molecule hydrophilic
Very polar... Adhesion... Cohesion... High specific heat... High heat of…
Symmetrical or balanced molecule... Hydrophobic
Intermolecular attractions
Attraction between molecules
Polar molecule
Asymmetric molecule hydrophilic
109 terms
Biology: Digestion
Digestion:... What is digestion?... What are…
Intracellular Digestion:... occurs where?
Extracellular Digestion:... occurs where?
Digestion of food is intracellular or…
- consist of the degradation of large molecules into smaller…
- occurs within the cell... - usually in membrane-bound vesicles
- occurs outside the cell, within a lumen or tract
extracellular
Digestion:... What is digestion?... What are…
- consist of the degradation of large molecules into smaller…
Intracellular Digestion:... occurs where?
- occurs within the cell... - usually in membrane-bound vesicles
Bio101- digestion
Enzyme that breaks down starch in the…
enzyme that breaks down proteins in th…
enzyme that break down lipids in duode…
epiglottis
amalyse
pepsin
lipase
flap that closes off the entrance to the trachea- air tube
Enzyme that breaks down starch in the…
amalyse
enzyme that breaks down proteins in th…
pepsin
15 terms
Biology digestion
mouth cavity
esophogus
stomach
small intestine
(amylase), pathway for food: teeth,tongue,salivary glands and…
alimentary canal between lower pharynx (throat) and stomach b…
part of alimentary canal where food is temporarily stored, pa…
digestion is completed, nutrient absorbtion,... Mechanical diges…
mouth cavity
(amylase), pathway for food: teeth,tongue,salivary glands and…
esophogus
alimentary canal between lower pharynx (throat) and stomach b…
44 terms
Biology: Digestion
digestive system
enzymes involved in carbohydrate diges…
salivary amylase production site
salivary amylase function site
1. salivary amylase (ptyalin)... 2. pancreatic amylase... 3. maltas…
salivary glands
mouth
digestive system
enzymes involved in carbohydrate diges…
1. salivary amylase (ptyalin)... 2. pancreatic amylase... 3. maltas…
59 terms
Biology 101
Inheritance
Genetics
Allele
Phenotype
Passage of traits
Studies Inheritance
Alternate form of a single trait
traits that are observable ex: flower color
Inheritance
Passage of traits
Genetics
Studies Inheritance
29 terms
Biology 101
H
Hydrogen
He
Helium
Hydrogen
Helium
H
Hydrogen
Hydrogen
71 terms
Biology 101
digestive system
mouth
pharynx
esophagus
organ system that receives food and digests it into nutrient…
oral cavity; location where mechanical and chemical digestion…
portion of the digestive system tract between the mouth and t…
muscular tube for moving swallowed food from the pharynx to t…
digestive system
organ system that receives food and digests it into nutrient…
mouth
oral cavity; location where mechanical and chemical digestion…
Biology : Digestion
taking substances into the body throug…
the braking down of LARGE food molecul…
movement of digested food molecules th…
the passing out of food that has not b…
ingestion
digestion
absorption
egestion
taking substances into the body throug…
ingestion
the braking down of LARGE food molecul…
digestion
12 terms
Bio 101 Digestion and Nutrition
mechanical processing and motility
secretion
digestion
absorption
1st function of the digestive system; teeth break up and mois…
2nd function of the digestive system; salivary glands secrete…
3rd function of the digestive system; food is broken down and…
4th function of the digestive system; nutrients and fluids pa…
mechanical processing and motility
1st function of the digestive system; teeth break up and mois…
secretion
2nd function of the digestive system; salivary glands secrete…
153 terms
Biology 101 Review
Plant Cell
Animal Cell
X) cell wall
Cell
What type of cell is this?
What type of cell is this?
Which of the following is NOT a structure found in human cell…
What is the basic unit of life?
Plant Cell
What type of cell is this?
Animal Cell
What type of cell is this?
48 terms
Biology 101
Define Prokaryotic (cells, feature, ex…
Define Eukaryotic (Cell, features)
Define Nucleus
Define Cell
always unicellular, no nucleus : bacteria
can be unicellular or multicellular
where the DNA is stored. Brain of the cell
basic/smallest unit of living organism
Define Prokaryotic (cells, feature, ex…
always unicellular, no nucleus : bacteria
Define Eukaryotic (Cell, features)
can be unicellular or multicellular
Biology Digestion
Monomer of Carbs
Enzyme of Carbs
Function of Carbs
Where are Carbs digested?
Monosaccharides
Salivary Amilase
Main energy source
In the mouth
Monomer of Carbs
Monosaccharides
Enzyme of Carbs
Salivary Amilase
24 terms
BISc 101 Lab 7: Animal Biology 1 - Excretory and Digestive Systems
Epithelial Tissue
Connective Tissue
Muscle Tissue
Nervous Tissue
Characteristics:... -Covers and lines body surfaces... -Cells dense…
Characteristics:... -Contains cells, fibres, and extracellular m…
Characteristics:... -long contractile cells consisting of long m…
Characteristics: ... -consist of neurons... Functions:... -send messag…
Epithelial Tissue
Characteristics:... -Covers and lines body surfaces... -Cells dense…
Connective Tissue
Characteristics:... -Contains cells, fibres, and extracellular m…
101 terms
Biology 101 chapter 2
Matter
Elements
Elements That Make up 95% of Organisms
Atom
Anything that takes up space and has mass
All matter, living or nonliving, is made up of this, substanc…
C Carbon... H Hydrogen... N Nitrogen... O Oxygen... P Phosphorus... S Sulfur
The smallest part of an element that displays the properties…
Matter
Anything that takes up space and has mass
Elements
All matter, living or nonliving, is made up of this, substanc…
152 terms
Biology 101
What are the 5 properties of water?
What enters and leaves a cell?
How does water enter the cell?
What does a phospholipid bilayer mean?
Polar, adhesion properties, surface tension, high specific he…
air, water, food, light
selectively permeable membrane
There is a hydrophilic and hydrophobic layer and channels and…
What are the 5 properties of water?
Polar, adhesion properties, surface tension, high specific he…
What enters and leaves a cell?
air, water, food, light
41 terms
Biology 101 Chapter 3
Eukaryotic cells
Prokaryotic cells
Archaean cells
Anton van Leeuwenhoek
Have a nucleus (membrane enclosed DNA organelle)... are structur…
Have a nucleoid (no membrane around DNA)... structurally simple;…
have qualities of both prokaryotes and eukaryotes and exist i…
recognized for inventing one of the earliest microscopes and…
Eukaryotic cells
Have a nucleus (membrane enclosed DNA organelle)... are structur…
Prokaryotic cells
Have a nucleoid (no membrane around DNA)... structurally simple;…
41 terms
101- Animal Bio- Digestion + Bioenergetics (1 + 2)
heterotroph
why eat?
essential nutrients
what happens when you have an overdose…
obtain energy from organic material
give chem energy... - essential nutrients... - provide building blo…
things we cannot make ourselves but are needed in order to pr…
body is unable to break it down and use it... - vitamins are fat…
heterotroph
obtain energy from organic material
why eat?
give chem energy... - essential nutrients... - provide building blo…
19 terms
Biology Chapter 10: DIGESTION
Appendix
Bile
Chemical Change
Digestion
A small, finger like extension of the digestive system where…
A green substance that breaks up fat particles
turns food into a form that cells can use
the changing of food into a usable form
Appendix
A small, finger like extension of the digestive system where…
Bile
A green substance that breaks up fat particles
110 terms
biology 101
what is the cell theory
what are prokaryotes
what are eukaryotes
explain diffusion
all living things are made up of one or more cells and their…
they are organisms that exist as single cells. They do not ha…
they are cells that have more complex internal organization.…
its the movement of particles from high concentration to low…
what is the cell theory
all living things are made up of one or more cells and their…
what are prokaryotes
they are organisms that exist as single cells. They do not ha…
34 terms
Biology - Digestion
acid
active transport
alimentary canal
alkaline
Corrosive substance which has a pH lower than 7. Acidity is c…
The transport of molecules against their concentration gradie…
The digestive tract which runs from mouth to anus.
Having a pH greater than 7.
acid
Corrosive substance which has a pH lower than 7. Acidity is c…
active transport
The transport of molecules against their concentration gradie…
32 terms
Biology Digestion
Digestion
Gastrointestinal tract
Assistive Organs
Types of Digestion
The process of breaking down food to molecules that can be us…
Where digestion occurs, and is a long tube at the mouth that…
Are located next to the digestive tract, and aid in the diges…
It includes mechanical and chemical breakdowns of food into n…
Digestion
The process of breaking down food to molecules that can be us…
Gastrointestinal tract
Where digestion occurs, and is a long tube at the mouth that…
29 terms
Biology 101 chapter 1
Biology
Levels of biological organization
Characteristics of Living Organisms
A cell is ...
the scientific study of life
Biosphere, Ecosystem, Community, Population, Organism, Organ…
Are organized... Acquire materials and energy... Reproduce... Respond…
the smallest unit of life.
Biology
the scientific study of life
Levels of biological organization
Biosphere, Ecosystem, Community, Population, Organism, Organ…
Biology: Digestion
Food
Molecules
What happens to broken down molecules?
Excretion
molecules are too large to be simply absorbed
must be broken down to pass into cells
broken down into the digestive system and are then absorbed i…
refers to the removal of substances that were once part of th…
Food
molecules are too large to be simply absorbed
Molecules
must be broken down to pass into cells
36 terms
Biology Digestion
Monosaccharide (glucose)
Lipid
Amino Acid (protein)
Dissaccharide
Monosaccharide (glucose)
Lipid
16 terms
Biology Digestion
Ingestion
Mechanical digestion
Chemical digestion
Amylase
To take into the body by the mouth for digestion or absorption.
involves physically breaking the food into smaller pieces. be…
involves breaking down the food into simpler nutrients that c…
Enzyme that helps break down starch molecules into simpler fo…
Ingestion
To take into the body by the mouth for digestion or absorption.
Mechanical digestion
involves physically breaking the food into smaller pieces. be…
17 terms
Biology 101: Chapter 4
organic compounds
electron configuration
4
hydrogen, nitrogen and oxygen
those compounds containing carbon
the key to an atom's chemical characteristics
# of valence electrons carbon has
the elements that carbon most frequently binds with
organic compounds
those compounds containing carbon
electron configuration
the key to an atom's chemical characteristics
Biology: Digestion
Nutrition
Nutrient
Six Groups of Nutrients
Heterotrophic Nutrition
- the activities by which organism obtain an use food ... - orga…
-useful molecules in food, food also contains waste(what you…
1. Carbohydrates: starches, simple sugars... 2. Lipids: fats and…
- The purpose of which is to take in complex macromolecules s…
Nutrition
- the activities by which organism obtain an use food ... - orga…
Nutrient
-useful molecules in food, food also contains waste(what you…
55 terms
Biology -- Digestion
Nutrients
Carbohydrates
Proteins
Essential Amnio Acids
Materials body cells need to function, grow and replicate
Broken down aerobically to provide most of the body's energy.…
Major structural and functional materials of body cells. Prov…
Must be obtained from food. 10 AA's when growing. 8 AA's in a…
Nutrients
Materials body cells need to function, grow and replicate
Carbohydrates
Broken down aerobically to provide most of the body's energy.…
36 terms
Biology 101: Chapter 3
polar molecule
cohesion
adhesion
surface tension
a molecule whose overall charge is unevenly distributed.
the linking together of like molecules, often by hydrogen bon…
the clinging of one substance to another
a measure of how difficult it is to stretch or break the surf…
polar molecule
a molecule whose overall charge is unevenly distributed.
cohesion
the linking together of like molecules, often by hydrogen bon…
20 terms
Bio 101 Digestive System
Ingestion
Digestion
Asorption
Elimination
the process of taking in food and nutrients
the process of breaking down food and nutrients
the process of nutrients being taken into the body via the bl…
the process of getting rid of excess waste from the body
Ingestion
the process of taking in food and nutrients
Digestion
the process of breaking down food and nutrients
35 terms
BIOLOGY DIGESTION
What enzyme does saliva contain?
Saliva
Epiglottis
Peristalsis
Amylase (starch->maltose)
Softens food and allows food to be rolled into a bolus before…
The flap that covers the trachea to prevent choking
Muscles contract and relax around bolus as it goes down the e…
What enzyme does saliva contain?
Amylase (starch->maltose)
Saliva
Softens food and allows food to be rolled into a bolus before…
Biology: Digestion
Salivary Glands
Starches
Stomach wall
Proteins
What produces salivary amylase?
What does salivary amylase break down?
What produces pepsin?
What does pepsin break down?
Salivary Glands
What produces salivary amylase?
Starches
What does salivary amylase break down?
Biology- Digestion
Lipid Digestion
Salivary Amylase (ptyalin)
Pancreatic amylase
Maltase
when chyme is present, the duodenum secretes hte hormone chol…
produced in the salivary glands. Functions in the mouth. Hydr…
produced in the pancreas. Functions in the small intestine. H…
Produced in intestinal glands. Acts in the small intestine. m…
Lipid Digestion
when chyme is present, the duodenum secretes hte hormone chol…
Salivary Amylase (ptyalin)
produced in the salivary glands. Functions in the mouth. Hydr…
Honors Biology-Digestion
Digestive
Mouth
Esophagus
Peristalsis
system that breaks down food
where digestion begins
- muscular tube 25 cm long... - connects pharynx with stomach... -…
wave-like action that moves food
Digestive
system that breaks down food
Mouth
where digestion begins
15 terms
Biology digestion
single celled organisms
fungi
simple animals
animals
-these digest their food within their body cells... - their food…
- these digest their food outside of their body... -obtain the n…
-these have a gastrovascular cavity: a digestive cavity with…
-has two openings: a mouth and anus... -one way system with spec…
single celled organisms
-these digest their food within their body cells... - their food…
fungi
- these digest their food outside of their body... -obtain the n…
Biology- digestion
Duodenum
Lieum
Chyme
Peristalsis
Purpose: Bile from liver/gallbladder... neutralizes acid and emu…
Lower 1/2 of small intestine... absorbs nutrients into blood via…
Chyme enters Duodenum and Bile goes to Duodenum ... Jejunum
Wave of muscle contractions moving through intestine
Duodenum
Purpose: Bile from liver/gallbladder... neutralizes acid and emu…
Lieum
Lower 1/2 of small intestine... absorbs nutrients into blood via…
Digestion (Biology)
Animal digestion tasks:
Gastrovascular cavity:
A complete digestive tract has ________
Animals that don't have an anus have a…
ingestion ... mechanical and chemical... absorption... elimination
- flatworms and cnidarians ... - digestion and gas exchange
a tubular gut with two openings
- cloaca... - digestive and urinary waste; also functions in rep…
Animal digestion tasks:
ingestion ... mechanical and chemical... absorption... elimination
Gastrovascular cavity:
- flatworms and cnidarians ... - digestion and gas exchange
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