How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

Study sets matching "digestion chapter 21"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "digestion chapter 21"

53 terms
Chapter 21: Nutrition and Digestion
Herbivores
Carnivores
Omnivores
Ingestion ... Digestion... Absorption ... El…
Animals that eat plants
Animals that eat other animals
Animals that eat plants and other animals
Food is processed in these four stages (in order)
Herbivores
Animals that eat plants
Carnivores
Animals that eat other animals
47 terms
Chapter 21: Nutrition and Digestion
oral cavity
1. teeth incisors ... 2. canine ... 3. premo…
buffers
tongue
- the mouth... - where digestion begins
present in the oral cavity that neutralizes acids in food
tastes, shapes the bolus of food, and moves it toward the pha…
oral cavity
- the mouth... - where digestion begins
1. teeth incisors ... 2. canine ... 3. premo…
56 terms
Chapter 21; Nutrition and Digestion
Herbivores
Carnivores
omnivores
suspension feeders
consumers that eat only plants
Consumers that eat only animals
Consumers that eat both plants and animals.
extract food particles suspended in the surrounding water
Herbivores
consumers that eat only plants
Carnivores
Consumers that eat only animals
42 terms
Biology Chapter 21: Nutrition and Digestion
herbivore
carnivore
omnivore
suspension feeder
An animal that eats only plants or algae.
An animal that mainly eats other animals.
An animal that eats animals as well as plants or algae.
An aquatic animal that sifts small food particles from the wa…
herbivore
An animal that eats only plants or algae.
carnivore
An animal that mainly eats other animals.
17 terms
Chapter 21 Digestion
Carnivore
Herbivore
Omnivore
Main Stages of Food Processing
All sharp teeth.
All flat teeth.
Flat and sharp teeth.
Ingestion, Digestion, Absorption, and Elimination.
Carnivore
All sharp teeth.
Herbivore
All flat teeth.
34 terms
Chapter 21: Digestion
Basic Processes of Digestion:
Secretion
Digestion
Absorption
Secretion, digestion, absorption, motility
Movement of material from cells into lumen or ECF
Chemical and mechanical break down of food into absorbable un…
movement of material from GI lumen to ECF
Basic Processes of Digestion:
Secretion, digestion, absorption, motility
Secretion
Movement of material from cells into lumen or ECF
31 terms
Chapter 21 digestion vocab
Absorption
Bile
Cecum
Cholecystitis
Transfer of digested food into the circulation
Digestive juices made in liver and stored in gallbladder
First part of large intestine
Inflammation of the gallbladder
Absorption
Transfer of digested food into the circulation
Bile
Digestive juices made in liver and stored in gallbladder
40 terms
Chapter 21 Digestion
Ingestion
Digestion
Absorbation
Elimination
First step of food processing is the act of eating, mechanica…
Second step of food processing it is the breaking down of foo…
Third step of food processing, the cells lining the digestive…
Fourth step of food processing, undigested material passes ou…
Ingestion
First step of food processing is the act of eating, mechanica…
Digestion
Second step of food processing it is the breaking down of foo…
31 terms
Chapter 21 digestion.
Ruman, Reticulum, Omasum, Abomasum
Storage
Filter, breaks down bacteria
Water absorbed
4 parts of ruminant system?
Ruman?
Reticulum?
Omasum
Ruman, Reticulum, Omasum, Abomasum
4 parts of ruminant system?
Storage
Ruman?
25 terms
Chapter 21 digestion
What is the function of the digestive…
What are the 4 processes of digestion?
Digestive tract
mouth
provides nutrients and fluid to the body's cells
1. digestion... 2. absorption ... 3. secretion... 4. motility
mouth, pharynx and esophagus
saliva contains digestive enzymes
What is the function of the digestive…
provides nutrients and fluid to the body's cells
What are the 4 processes of digestion?
1. digestion... 2. absorption ... 3. secretion... 4. motility
8 terms
Honors Biology chapter 21 digestion
Digestion of Carbohydrates
Digestion of Protein
Digestion of fats
What base neutralizes the acidity in t…
Starts in mouth by salivary amaylase secreted from the saliva…
No chemical digestion in the mouth.... In the stomach, pepsinoge…
Fats are not chemically digested until the small intestine.... I…
Bicarbonate is produced by the pancreas
Digestion of Carbohydrates
Starts in mouth by salivary amaylase secreted from the saliva…
Digestion of Protein
No chemical digestion in the mouth.... In the stomach, pepsinoge…
38 terms
Chapter 21 Digestion
Herbivores
Carnivores
Omnivores
What are the 4 stages of food processi…
eat plants and include cattle, snails, and sea urchins.
eat meat and include lions, hawks, and spiders.
eat plants and other animals and include humans
Ingestion, Digestion, Absorption, Elimination
Herbivores
eat plants and include cattle, snails, and sea urchins.
Carnivores
eat meat and include lions, hawks, and spiders.
36 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 21: Digestion
ingestion
digestion
absorption
elimination
the process of taking food into the body through the mouth (a…
process of breaking down food so that it can be used by livin…
the process of absorbing nutrients into the body after digest…
the bodily process of discharging waste matter
ingestion
the process of taking food into the body through the mouth (a…
digestion
process of breaking down food so that it can be used by livin…
166 terms
Chapter 21 - Digestive System
The nutrients carried by the circulato…
Basic processes of the digestive system
Digestive system
GI Tract
digestive system
-hollow tube... -open to the outside environment
-hollow tube... -open at one end via the mouth and the other via…
The nutrients carried by the circulato…
digestive system
Basic processes of the digestive system
41 terms
Chapter 21 : Nutrition & Digestion
Oral cavity
Peristalsis
Sphincters
Salivary glands
Mouth
Alternating waves of contraction and relaxing of smooth muscl…
Muscular ring @ top of stomach
Deliver saliva through ducts to the oral cavity
Oral cavity
Mouth
Peristalsis
Alternating waves of contraction and relaxing of smooth muscl…
50 terms
Chapter 21: Digestive System
List the organs of GI tract
List the accessory structures of GI tr…
Digestive process steps
Ingestion
Oral cavity... Pharynx... Esophagus... Stomach... Small intestine... Large i…
Salivary glands... Liver... Gallbladder... Pancreas... Teeth... Tongue
1. Ingestion... 2. Propulsion... 3. Breakdown food (mechanical & ch…
Taking food and water into the mouth
List the organs of GI tract
Oral cavity... Pharynx... Esophagus... Stomach... Small intestine... Large i…
List the accessory structures of GI tr…
Salivary glands... Liver... Gallbladder... Pancreas... Teeth... Tongue
57 terms
Chapter 21 - Digestion
5 processes of digestion
Digestion
Absorption
Motility
1. motility... 2. secretion... 3. digestion... 4. absorption... 5. Storag…
chemical and mechanical process of breaking down macromolecul…
Active or passive transfer of substances from the lumen of th…
Movement of material in the GI tract as a result of muscle co…
5 processes of digestion
1. motility... 2. secretion... 3. digestion... 4. absorption... 5. Storag…
Digestion
chemical and mechanical process of breaking down macromolecul…
87 terms
Chapter 21 - Digestive System
Fistula
Gastrointestinal system
Gastrointestinal tract (GI tract)
The GI tract is part of the external e…
Opening into the lumen. Used to observe and sample the conten…
aka the digestive system
a long tube passing through the body. The tube has muscular w…
True
Fistula
Opening into the lumen. Used to observe and sample the conten…
Gastrointestinal system
aka the digestive system
24 terms
Chapter 21 - Digestion
homeostasis
osmoregulation
osmoregulators
osmoconformers
Water balance in the large intestine
the maintenance of constant osmotic pressure in the fluids of…
an organism that can regulate or keep the solutes or salts of…
marine organisms that maintain an internal environment that i…
homeostasis
Water balance in the large intestine
osmoregulation
the maintenance of constant osmotic pressure in the fluids of…
53 terms
chapter 21: nutrition and digestion
herbivores
carnivores
omnivores
filter feeders
eat plants
eat meat
eat plants and other animals
shift small organisms or food particles from water
herbivores
eat plants
carnivores
eat meat
56 terms
Chapter 21 nutrition and digestion
incisors
peristalsis
molures
tongue
front teeth used for biting
a ring of muscle that controls movement through the digestive…
back teeth that grind and crush food
where the taste buds are located
incisors
front teeth used for biting
peristalsis
a ring of muscle that controls movement through the digestive…
15 terms
Chapter 21 - Nutrition and Digestion
Nutrients
Essential nutrients
Macronutrients
Micronutrients
Chemicals that are necessary to maintain life, provide energy…
Nutrients that are necessary for life but cannot be manufactu…
Large biological molecules such as lipids, carbohydrates, and…
Small molecules and minerals needed by the body in small amou…
Nutrients
Chemicals that are necessary to maintain life, provide energy…
Essential nutrients
Nutrients that are necessary for life but cannot be manufactu…
33 terms
Chapter 21 Nutrition and Digestion
Ingestion
Digestion
Absorption
Elimination
The act of eating, 1st stage of food processing, in the mouth.
Breaking down of food into molecules small enough for the bod…
Cells lining the digestive tract absorb small nutrient molecu…
Undigested material passes out of the digestive tract, 4th st…
Ingestion
The act of eating, 1st stage of food processing, in the mouth.
Digestion
Breaking down of food into molecules small enough for the bod…
61 terms
Chapter 21: Nutrition and Digestion
herbivore
carnivore
omnivore
filter feeder
An animal that eats only plants or algae.
An animal that mainly eats other animals.
An animal that eats animals as well as plants or algae.
...
herbivore
An animal that eats only plants or algae.
carnivore
An animal that mainly eats other animals.
53 terms
Chapter 21 Physiology of Digestion
Mechanical Digestion
Chemical Digestion
Gastrointestinal motility
Autonomic Nervous System, Gastrointest…
physically breaking the food into smaller pieces
breaking down the food into simpler nutrients that can be use…
term used to describe the activity of this smooth muscle.
Gastro intestinal motility is regulated by which three mechan…
Mechanical Digestion
physically breaking the food into smaller pieces
Chemical Digestion
breaking down the food into simpler nutrients that can be use…
40 terms
Chapter 21 Nutrition and Digestion
absorption
alimentary canal
anus
appendix
The uptake of small nutrient molecules by an organism's own b…
A complete digestive tract consisting of a tube running betwe…
The opening through which undigested materials are expelled
A small, finger-like extension of the vertebrate cecum; conta…
absorption
The uptake of small nutrient molecules by an organism's own b…
alimentary canal
A complete digestive tract consisting of a tube running betwe…
119 terms
Chapter 21: Nutrition & Digestion
Herbivores: Define & Give Examples
Carnivores: Define & Examples
Omnivores: Define & Examples
What are 4 types of feeding mechanisms?
*Mainly eat plants and algae ... *Ex: Cattle, Gorillas, Sea Urch…
*Eat other animals (meat!)... *Ex: Lions, Whales, Spiders
*Regularly consume plants and animals ... *Ex: Humans, Crows, Ra…
1. Filter Feeders ... 2. Substrate Feeders ... 3. Fluid Feeders ... 4.…
Herbivores: Define & Give Examples
*Mainly eat plants and algae ... *Ex: Cattle, Gorillas, Sea Urch…
Carnivores: Define & Examples
*Eat other animals (meat!)... *Ex: Lions, Whales, Spiders
56 terms
Bio Chapter 21 - Digestion
4 stages of food processing
ingestion
digestion
absorption
ingestion... digestion... absorption... elimination
eating
breaking down of food into molecules small enough for the bod…
when the cells that line the digestive system take up (absorb…
4 stages of food processing
ingestion... digestion... absorption... elimination
ingestion
eating
29 terms
Chapter 21- Physiology of Digestion
6 gastric juices secreted by glands in…
Function of rennin
ANS
HCl
Water, HCl, mucus, intrinsic factor, pepsinogen, and rennin
Coagulation of milk and reduces rate of passage through the G…
Stimulates secretion of gastric juices in the cephalic phase
Secreted by the parietal cell
6 gastric juices secreted by glands in…
Water, HCl, mucus, intrinsic factor, pepsinogen, and rennin
Function of rennin
Coagulation of milk and reduces rate of passage through the G…
25 terms
Chapter 21 - Nutrition and Digestion
substrate feeders
fluid feeders
bulk feeders
gastrovascular cavity
live on or in food source and eat their way through it
suck nutrient rich liquids from living hosts
ingest large pieces of food (even humans)
digestive compartment with single opening that functions as m…
substrate feeders
live on or in food source and eat their way through it
fluid feeders
suck nutrient rich liquids from living hosts
Chapter 21 Nutrition and Digestion
suspension feeder
substrate feeders
fluid feeders
bulk feeders
extract food particles suspended in the surrounding water.
live in or on their food source and eat their way through it
obtain food by sucking nutrient rich fluids from a living hos…
they ingest relatively large pieces of food
suspension feeder
extract food particles suspended in the surrounding water.
substrate feeders
live in or on their food source and eat their way through it
57 terms
Chapter 21 - Digestion
Functions of the gut
The salivary glands are made up of wha…
What is the function of the Upper Esop…
Chyme
Motility, secretion, digestion/absorption
parotid, sublingual, submandibular
prevents reflux of esophageal contents into the pharynx to gu…
food mixed with digestive secretions from stomach
Functions of the gut
Motility, secretion, digestion/absorption
The salivary glands are made up of wha…
parotid, sublingual, submandibular
72 terms
Chapter 21: Nutrition and Digestive
The process of animal nutrition
Anima Nutritional Category
Essential nutrients
The four cases of essential nutrients
Food is taken in, taken apart, and taken up in
Herbivores eat mainly autotrophs (plants and algae)... Carnivor…
are required by cells and must be obtained from dietary sourc…
1. Essential amino acids... 2. Essential fatty acids... 3. Vitamins…
The process of animal nutrition
Food is taken in, taken apart, and taken up in
Anima Nutritional Category
Herbivores eat mainly autotrophs (plants and algae)... Carnivor…
12 terms
Chapter 21 Nutrition and Digestion
What are the 4 processes of digestion?
What are the 2 forms of digestion (in…
What is meant by enzymatic hydrolysis,…
Know which organs are part of the main…
Indigestion... Digestion... Absorption... Elimination
Mechanical Digestion- when you physically break up large mole…
•Enzymatic Hydrolysis-Enzymes catalysis hydrolysis using wate…
Mouth... Pharynx... Esophagus... Stomach... Small intestine... Large intesti…
What are the 4 processes of digestion?
Indigestion... Digestion... Absorption... Elimination
What are the 2 forms of digestion (in…
Mechanical Digestion- when you physically break up large mole…
Chapter 21: Nutrition and Digestion
3 Dietary Categories
What are herbivores?
What are carnivores?
What are omnivores?
Herbivores, Carnivores, Omnivores
they mainly eat plants and algae
they mainly eat other animals
they eat both plants and animals
3 Dietary Categories
Herbivores, Carnivores, Omnivores
What are herbivores?
they mainly eat plants and algae
55 terms
Chapter 21 hadden (digestion)
herbivore
carnivore
omnivore
suspension/fiter feeder
An animal that eats only plants or algae.
An animal that mainly eats other animals.
An animal that eats animals as well as plants or algae.
An aquatic animal that sifts small food particles from the wa…
herbivore
An animal that eats only plants or algae.
carnivore
An animal that mainly eats other animals.
55 terms
Biology Chapter 21: Nutrition and Digestion
herbivore
carnivore
omnivore
suspension feeder
An animal that eats only plants or algae.
An animal that mainly eats other animals.
An animal that eats animals as well as plants or algae.
An aquatic animal that sifts small food particles from the wa…
herbivore
An animal that eats only plants or algae.
carnivore
An animal that mainly eats other animals.
55 terms
Biology Chapter 21: Nutrition and Digestion
herbivore
carnivore
omnivore
suspension feeder
An animal that eats only plants or algae.
An animal that mainly eats other animals.
An animal that eats animals as well as plants or algae.
An aquatic animal that sifts small food particles from the wa…
herbivore
An animal that eats only plants or algae.
carnivore
An animal that mainly eats other animals.
61 terms
Biology Chapter 21: Nutrition and Digestion
herbivore
carnivore
omnivore
suspension feeder
An animal that eats only plants or algae.
An animal that mainly eats other animals.
An animal that eats animals as well as plants or algae.
An aquatic animal that sifts small food particles from the wa…
herbivore
An animal that eats only plants or algae.
carnivore
An animal that mainly eats other animals.
34 terms
Biology chapter 21: Nutrition and Digestion
Macronutrients
calorie
lipoproteins
HDL and LDL
provide energy and building blocks for cellular functions ... -p…
standard unit of energy used to express the amount of energy…
spheres of lipids combined with proteins that carry cholester…
-good cholesterol, mean more cholesterol is being taken out o…
Macronutrients
provide energy and building blocks for cellular functions ... -p…
calorie
standard unit of energy used to express the amount of energy…
31 terms
Anatomy chapter 21 Digestion
Ingestion
Digestion
Motility of the GI wall
Secretion
food is taken in
breakdown of food into simpler nutrients
physically breaks down larch chunks of food into smaller bits…
of digestive enzymes into the lumen of the GI tract
Ingestion
food is taken in
Digestion
breakdown of food into simpler nutrients
197 terms
Biology Chapter 21: Nutrition and Digestion
herbivores, carnivores, omnivores
herbivores
carnivores
omnivores
three main dietary/feeding behaviors
eat plants (cattle, snails, sea urchins, rabbits)
eat meat (lions, hawks, spiders, snakes, jelly fish)
eat plants and animals (humans, bears, raccoons, pigs)
herbivores, carnivores, omnivores
three main dietary/feeding behaviors
herbivores
eat plants (cattle, snails, sea urchins, rabbits)
45 terms
Chapter 21 Digestion and Nutrients
Nutrition
Digestion
Ingestion, digestion, absorption, and…
Proteins, carbohydrates, fats, vitamin…
process of how your body obtains raw materials called ______
takes macromolecules and breaks it down to monomers.
4 stages that helps our body obtain nutrients
6 essential nutrients
Nutrition
process of how your body obtains raw materials called ______
Digestion
takes macromolecules and breaks it down to monomers.
56 terms
Biology Chapter 21: Nutrition and Digestion
herbivore
carnivore
omnivore
suspension feeder
An animal that eats only plants or algae, no meat. For exampl…
An animal that mainly eats other animals; for example: lions,…
Animals that ingest both plants and animals are called omnivo…
An aquatic animal that extracts small food particles from the…
herbivore
An animal that eats only plants or algae, no meat. For exampl…
carnivore
An animal that mainly eats other animals; for example: lions,…
32 terms
Biology Chapter 21: Nutrition and Digestion
herbivore
carnivore
omnivore
ingestion
An animal that eats only plants or algae.
An animal that mainly eats other animals.
An animal that eats animals as well as plants or algae.
The act of eating; the first main stage of food processing in…
herbivore
An animal that eats only plants or algae.
carnivore
An animal that mainly eats other animals.
66 terms
Biology Chapter 21: Nutrition and Digestion
herbivore
carnivore
omnivore
suspension feeder
An animal that eats only plants or algae.
An animal that mainly eats other animals.
An animal that eats animals as well as plants or algae.
An aquatic animal that sifts small food particles from the wa…
herbivore
An animal that eats only plants or algae.
carnivore
An animal that mainly eats other animals.
55 terms
Biology Chapter 21: Nutrition and Digestion
herbivore
carnivore
omnivore
suspension feeder
An animal that eats only plants or algae.
An animal that mainly eats other animals.
An animal that eats animals as well as plants or algae.
An aquatic animal that sifts small food particles from the wa…
herbivore
An animal that eats only plants or algae.
carnivore
An animal that mainly eats other animals.
39 terms
Biology: chapter 21 nutrients and digestion
Ingestion
Digestion
Absorption
Elimination
The act of eating
The breaking down of food into molecules small enough for the…
When the cells that line the digestive system take up the pro…
When the undigested material passes out of the digestive syst…
Ingestion
The act of eating
Digestion
The breaking down of food into molecules small enough for the…
18 terms
Human Physiology Chapter 21 Digestion
Four Basic Processes of the Digestive…
Primary function
Oral Cavity and Esophagus
Stomach
1. Secretion... 2. Digestion... 3. Absorption... 4. Motility ... each par…
moving water and nutrients and electrolytes into the body, wh…
Secretion: salivary glands... Digestion: simple carbs... Absorption…
Secretion: HCl (parietal cells), pepsinogen and gastric lipas…
Four Basic Processes of the Digestive…
1. Secretion... 2. Digestion... 3. Absorption... 4. Motility ... each par…
Primary function
moving water and nutrients and electrolytes into the body, wh…
29 terms
Biology Chapter 21: Nutrition and Digestion
herbivore
carnivore
omnivore
filter feeder
An animal that eats only plants or algae.
An animal that mainly eats other animals.
An animal that eats animals as well as plants or algae.
An aquatic animal that sifts small food particles from the wa…
herbivore
An animal that eats only plants or algae.
carnivore
An animal that mainly eats other animals.
1 of 10