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Study sets matching "digestion chapter 3"

23 terms
Chapter 3- Digestion
Glucose
Fats
Enzymes
Protein
a simple carbohydrate that serves as a major source of energy…
nutrients that provide the highest amount of energy
a substance that speeds up chemical reactions in the body
linked with amino acids chemically to form molecules
Glucose
a simple carbohydrate that serves as a major source of energy…
Fats
nutrients that provide the highest amount of energy
29 terms
Digestion - chapter 3
incisors
cuspids
bicuspids
alimentary canal
bite or cut your food
tear apart coarse food
primary molars, crushing
long tube
incisors
bite or cut your food
cuspids
tear apart coarse food
97 terms
Chapter 3 digestion
Gastrointestinal track
Mouth
Taste buds have five sensations
Anus
Is a flexible muscular tube that extends from the mouth throu…
The process of digestion begins in the mouth
Sweet sour bitter salty and umami.
The terminal outlet of the G.I. track
Gastrointestinal track
Is a flexible muscular tube that extends from the mouth throu…
Mouth
The process of digestion begins in the mouth
10 terms
Chapter 3 Digestion Vocabulary
Calorie
carbohydrates
cholesterol
diet
from Latin word calor meaning heat; the amount of energy need…
nutrients that are a major source of energy and made of carbo…
a waxy, fatlike substance found in products from animals
the food that a person typically consumes
Calorie
from Latin word calor meaning heat; the amount of energy need…
carbohydrates
nutrients that are a major source of energy and made of carbo…
33 terms
Food and Digestion Chapter 3
nutrient
fat
protein
calorie
Substances in food that provide the raw materials and energy…
High energy nutrients that are composed of carbon, oxygen, an…
Nutrients that contain nitrogen as well as carbon, hydrogen,…
The amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of one g…
nutrient
Substances in food that provide the raw materials and energy…
fat
High energy nutrients that are composed of carbon, oxygen, an…
15 terms
Chapter 3-Digestion, Absorption, and transport
List the segments of the digestive tra…
Explain the mechanical processes of di…
List the five organs and their secreti…
Simple Diffusion
mouth... esophagus... stomach... small intestine... large intestine (colon)
Peristalsis pushes the digestive controls along. Stomach acti…
1. Saliva- Salivary glands moistens food... 2. Gastric Juice-Gas…
Some nutrients such as water and small lipids are absorbed by…
List the segments of the digestive tra…
mouth... esophagus... stomach... small intestine... large intestine (colon)
Explain the mechanical processes of di…
Peristalsis pushes the digestive controls along. Stomach acti…
37 terms
Chapter 3: Digestion
calorie
nutrient
glucose
fats
Amount of energy needed to raise temperature 1 gram of water…
Substances in food that your body needs to grow, to repair it…
A simple sugar that is an important source of energy.
Lipids, energy-containing nutrients composed of carbon, oxyge…
calorie
Amount of energy needed to raise temperature 1 gram of water…
nutrient
Substances in food that your body needs to grow, to repair it…
29 terms
Chapter 3: Digestion
calorie
nutrient
carbohydrate
glucose
The amount of energy need to raise the temperature of one gra…
A substance such as nitrogen or phosphorus that enables plant…
An energy-rich organic compound, such as sugar or starch, as…
A sugar that is the major source of energy for the body's cel…
calorie
The amount of energy need to raise the temperature of one gra…
nutrient
A substance such as nitrogen or phosphorus that enables plant…
37 terms
Chapter 3: Digestion
calorie
nutrient
glucose
fats
Amount of energy needed to raise temperature 1 gram of water…
Substances in food that your body needs to grow, to repair it…
A simple sugar that is an important source of energy.
Lipids, energy-containing nutrients composed of carbon, oxyge…
calorie
Amount of energy needed to raise temperature 1 gram of water…
nutrient
Substances in food that your body needs to grow, to repair it…
12 terms
Chapter 3 digestion vocab
Mouth
Esophagus
Stomach
Pancreas
Chewing breaks down food into increasingly smaller pieces. (M…
Tube that is 10in, (next to esophagus)epiglottis closes and k…
Churning breaks down food even further
Secretes bicarbonate which neutralizes hydrochloric acid from…
Mouth
Chewing breaks down food into increasingly smaller pieces. (M…
Esophagus
Tube that is 10in, (next to esophagus)epiglottis closes and k…
13 terms
chapter 3 digestion
mouth
large intestine
small intestine
rectum
chews and mixes food with saliva
Reaborbs water and minerals.
...
...
mouth
chews and mixes food with saliva
large intestine
Reaborbs water and minerals.
42 terms
Chapter 3: Digestion
_____ is the process of breaking down…
The ____ is composed of epithelial cel…
The inside space of the GI tract is ca…
_____ digestion is the physical fragme…
digestion
organ muscle
lumen mucous
mechanical
_____ is the process of breaking down…
digestion
The ____ is composed of epithelial cel…
organ muscle
67 terms
Digestion chapter 3
Tissues
Endocrine system
Organ systems involved in nutrient upt…
Digestion
- Cells that are similar in structure and function... -human bo…
Secretes hormones that help regulate how much we eat and how…
Endocrine system, nervous system, cardiovascular system, urin…
- water, vitamins, and minerals are taken into the body witho…
Tissues
- Cells that are similar in structure and function... -human bo…
Endocrine system
Secretes hormones that help regulate how much we eat and how…
13 terms
Chapter 3: Digestion
digestion
ingestion
gastrointestinal tract
absorption
the process of breaking food down to its smallest units in or…
the process of taking food or other substances into the gastr…
tbular channel extending from the mouth to the anus where dig…
the process by which nutrients and other substances are remov…
digestion
the process of breaking food down to its smallest units in or…
ingestion
the process of taking food or other substances into the gastr…
37 terms
Chapter 3: Digestion
calorie
nutrient
glucose
fats
Amount of energy needed to raise temperature 1 gram of water…
Substances in food that your body needs to grow, to repair it…
A simple sugar that is an important source of energy.
Lipids, energy-containing nutrients composed of carbon, oxyge…
calorie
Amount of energy needed to raise temperature 1 gram of water…
nutrient
Substances in food that your body needs to grow, to repair it…
Chapter 3: Digestion
calorie
nutrient
carbohydrate
glucose
the amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of one g…
the substances in food that provide the raw materials and ene…
a major source of energy and are made of carbon, oxygen, and…
a sugar that is the major source of energy for the body's cells
calorie
the amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of one g…
nutrient
the substances in food that provide the raw materials and ene…
46 terms
Chapter 3: Digestion
Chapter 3.2
Digestion System
Digestion of carbohydrates, proteins,…
Gastrointestinal tract
The digestive system
responsible for digestion and absorption of nutrients... compose…
proteins broken into amino acids... carbohydrates broken into su…
hollow tube that runs from the mouth to the anus ... the inside…
Chapter 3.2
The digestive system
Digestion System
responsible for digestion and absorption of nutrients... compose…
46 terms
Chapter 3 - Digestion
Digestion
Ingestion
Gastrointestinal Tract
Absorption
Process of breaking food down to its smallest units in order…
Process of taking food or other substances into the gastroint…
Tubular channel extending from the mouth to the anus where di…
Process by which nutrients and other substances are removed f…
Digestion
Process of breaking food down to its smallest units in order…
Ingestion
Process of taking food or other substances into the gastroint…
40 terms
Chapter 3 Digestion
Digestion
Gastrointestinal Tract
Primary Parts of GI
Lumen
Breakdown of food substances into simpler forms that can be a…
Goes from Mouth to anus, primary function to digest or break…
Mouth, Esophagus, Stomach, Small Intestines, Large Intestine
Inner space of GI tract lines with mucosal cells
Digestion
Breakdown of food substances into simpler forms that can be a…
Gastrointestinal Tract
Goes from Mouth to anus, primary function to digest or break…
46 terms
Chapter 3 - Digestion
Digestion
Ingestion
Gastrointestinal Tract
Absorption
Process of breaking food down to its smallest units in order…
Process of taking food or other substances into the gastroint…
Tubular channel extending from the mouth to the anus where di…
Process by which nutrients and other substances are removed f…
Digestion
Process of breaking food down to its smallest units in order…
Ingestion
Process of taking food or other substances into the gastroint…
79 terms
Chapter 3 Digestion
Digestive Organs
Ancillary Organs of Digestion
Sphincter
Peristalsis
Mouth, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intesting
Liver, pancreas, gallbladder, and salivary glands
Circular bands of muscle that surround the entrance and exit…
Muscular contraction that moves food along entire intestinal…
Digestive Organs
Mouth, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intesting
Ancillary Organs of Digestion
Liver, pancreas, gallbladder, and salivary glands
48 terms
chapter 3- digestion
absorption
lumen
mastication
pharynx
uptake of nutrients by cells of the small intestine for trans…
space within GI tract continuous from one end to the other
begins digestion; chewing
short tube shared by both digestive and repository systems; d…
absorption
uptake of nutrients by cells of the small intestine for trans…
lumen
space within GI tract continuous from one end to the other
65 terms
Chapter 3- Digestion
Digestion
Hierarchical Organization of Cells
Cell
Tissue
one of the key processes of the human body where vitamins, mi…
Cells, Tissues, Organs, Organ system, Organism
smallest functional unit of living organisms
collection of cells that have a similar origin
Digestion
one of the key processes of the human body where vitamins, mi…
Hierarchical Organization of Cells
Cells, Tissues, Organs, Organ system, Organism
9 terms
Chapter 3: Digestion
enzyme
peristalsis
gastric juices
bile
a type of protein produced by cells that cause specific chemi…
a series of involuntary squeezing actions by the muscles as f…
contain hydrochloric acid, digestive enzymes, and mucus; foun…
a digestive juice that aids in fat digestion
enzyme
a type of protein produced by cells that cause specific chemi…
peristalsis
a series of involuntary squeezing actions by the muscles as f…
99 terms
Chapter 3: Digestion
Hunger
Appetite
Satiety
Anorexia
What is the physiological drive for a nonspecific food?
What is the psychological desire to consume specific foods th…
What is the feeling of fullness?
What condition is the physiological need for food, yet no app…
Hunger
What is the physiological drive for a nonspecific food?
Appetite
What is the psychological desire to consume specific foods th…
39 terms
Chapter 3: Digestion
absorption
bolus
cholecystokinin
Chyme
the uptake of nutrients by the cells of the small intestine f…
a portion; with respect to food, the amount swallowed at one…
CCK; a hormone produced by cells of the intestinal wall. Targ…
the semiliquid mass of partly digested food expelled by the s…
absorption
the uptake of nutrients by the cells of the small intestine f…
bolus
a portion; with respect to food, the amount swallowed at one…
15 terms
Chapter 3: Digestion
Hunger
Appetite
Hypothalamus
Absorption
The urge to eat
The desire to eat a certain food
Part of the brain that triggers hunger
When molecules of food are taken to the GI tract into circula…
Hunger
The urge to eat
Appetite
The desire to eat a certain food
79 terms
Chapter 3 Digestion
Digestive Organs
Ancillary Organs of Digestion
Sphincter
Peristalsis
Mouth, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intesting
Liver, pancreas, gallbladder, and salivary glands
Circular bands of muscle that surround the entrance and exit…
Muscular contraction that moves food along entire intestinal…
Digestive Organs
Mouth, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intesting
Ancillary Organs of Digestion
Liver, pancreas, gallbladder, and salivary glands
22 terms
Chapter 3: Digestion
Digestion
Absorption
Peristalsis
Hydrolysis
The process by which food is broken down into absorbable units
The uptake of nutrients by the cells of the small intestine f…
Wave-like muscular contractions of the GI tract that push its…
A chemical reaction in which one molecule is split into two m…
Digestion
The process by which food is broken down into absorbable units
Absorption
The uptake of nutrients by the cells of the small intestine f…
19 terms
Chapter 3 - Digestion
The small intestine is narrow tube abo…
Open sores in the lining of the stomac…
The chemical reactions that break down…
Chemical messengers that are produced…
20
Peptic ulcers.
Metabolism.
Hormones.
The small intestine is narrow tube abo…
20
Open sores in the lining of the stomac…
Peptic ulcers.
42 terms
Chapter 3-Digestion
Food
Calorie
Nutrients
6 types of nutrients needed by people
Provides your body with materials to grow and repair tissues.…
Used to measure the amount of energy released when food is us…
The substances in food that provide the raw materials and ene…
Carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins, minerals, and water
Food
Provides your body with materials to grow and repair tissues.…
Calorie
Used to measure the amount of energy released when food is us…
48 terms
Chapter 3: Digestion
Digestive Organs
Ancillary Organs
Sphincter (what it is, what it does, w…
Segmentation
mouth, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine
Pancreas, liver, gallbladder, and salivary glands
circular bands of muscle fibers that surround the entrance or…
Periodic forward and back muscle contractions that break apar…
Digestive Organs
mouth, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine
Ancillary Organs
Pancreas, liver, gallbladder, and salivary glands
16 terms
Chapter 3: Digestion
Absorption
Amylase
Cholecystokinin
Defecation
Process by which digested nutrients move through vili of the…
Digestive enzyme in the saliva that begins digestion of carbo…
Hormone secreted by the duodenum when it receives fatty chyme…
Process by which undigested materials and waste are removed f…
Absorption
Process by which digested nutrients move through vili of the…
Amylase
Digestive enzyme in the saliva that begins digestion of carbo…
28 terms
CHAPTER 3 - DIGESTION
CALORIE
NUTRIENTS
CARBOHYDRATE
GLUCOSE
Amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of one gram…
Substances found in food that provide the raw materials
Nutrient that is a major source of energy. About 45 to 65 % o…
Major source of energy for your body's cells. It converts sug…
CALORIE
Amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of one gram…
NUTRIENTS
Substances found in food that provide the raw materials
44 terms
Chapter 3: Digestion
digestion
6 challenges of digestion
gastrointestinal tract
mouth
the body's way of breaking down food into nutrients
- tasks of the mouth... - diaphragm... - steady movement... - lubricat…
one long continuous tube from mouth to anus
chews and mixes food with saliva
digestion
the body's way of breaking down food into nutrients
6 challenges of digestion
- tasks of the mouth... - diaphragm... - steady movement... - lubricat…
41 terms
Chapter 3: Digestion
Levels of organization
Hormone
Gastrointestinal Tract
Lumen
Atoms - Molecules - Cells/Tissues - Organs - Organ System- Or…
Chemical messenger that is produced in one location in the bo…
Hollow tube, about 30 feet long, runs from the mouth to the a…
The inside tube of the gastrointestinal tract
Levels of organization
Atoms - Molecules - Cells/Tissues - Organs - Organ System- Or…
Hormone
Chemical messenger that is produced in one location in the bo…
42 terms
Chapter 3: Digestion
Atom
Molecule
Cell
Organ
The smallest unit of an element that retains the properties o…
A group of two or more atoms of the same or different element…
The basic structural and functional unit of living things.
A discrete structure composed of more than one tissue that pr…
Atom
The smallest unit of an element that retains the properties o…
Molecule
A group of two or more atoms of the same or different element…
40 terms
Chapter 3: Digestion
Gut
Gastro-Intestional System
Peristalsis
Segmentation
The gastro-intestinal system
The digestive system and its accessory organs
The rhythmic contraction of circular muscles surrounding the…
Contraction of muscles surrounding the gut in such way as to…
Gut
The gastro-intestinal system
Gastro-Intestional System
The digestive system and its accessory organs
44 terms
Chapter 3 - Digestion
Mechanical
Chemical
GI Tract
Accessory Organs
Make food smaller... -Teeth & tongue
Breaks chemical bonds using enzymes
-30 ft. long... -Extends from mouth to anus... -Inside is lumen: li…
-Salivary glands... -Liver... -Pancreas... -Gallbladder
Mechanical
Make food smaller... -Teeth & tongue
Chemical
Breaks chemical bonds using enzymes
74 terms
Chapter 3: Digestion
Digestion
Absorption
3 Aspects of Digestion
Protein breakdown
breakdown foods into molecules that can be absorbed into body
entry of small molecules into mucosal cells of small intestin…
1. Mechanical break down (chewing, stomach acid, mixed micell…
protein-> peptides -> amino acid
Digestion
breakdown foods into molecules that can be absorbed into body
Absorption
entry of small molecules into mucosal cells of small intestin…
45 terms
Chapter 3 - Digestion
Mouth
Pharynx
Salivary glands
Epiglottis
Chews and mixes food with saliva
Directs food from mouth to esophogus
Secrete saliva (contains starch-digesting enzymes)
Protects airways during swallowing
Mouth
Chews and mixes food with saliva
Pharynx
Directs food from mouth to esophogus
71 terms
Chapter 3: digestion
Nervous system
nerves, sense organs, brain & spinal c…
Respiratory system
lungs, trachea, air passage ways
Responds to stimuli from external and internal environments.…
are in the nervous system
Supplies the oxygen in the blood and removes carbon dioxide.
are in the respiratory system
Nervous system
Responds to stimuli from external and internal environments.…
nerves, sense organs, brain & spinal c…
are in the nervous system
16 terms
Chapter 3 vocabulary: digestion
Absorption
Amylase
Cholecystokinin
Defecation
Process by which digested nutrients move through villi of the…
Digestive enzyme in saliva that begins digestion of carbohydr…
Hormones secreted by the duodenum when it receives fatty chym…
Process by which undigested materials and water are removed f…
Absorption
Process by which digested nutrients move through villi of the…
Amylase
Digestive enzyme in saliva that begins digestion of carbohydr…
12 terms
Chapter 3 Digestion
grehlin
where is grehlin secreted from
peristalsis
purpose of peristalsis
"hunger hormone"
the stomach
muscular squeezing of the esophagus, stomach, and small intes…
push food through the body
grehlin
"hunger hormone"
where is grehlin secreted from
the stomach
9 terms
CHAPTER 3: DIGESTION
BLOOD STREAM (Pathway for Water soluble)
LYMPHATIC SYSTEM (Pathway for Fat Solu…
What is the role of good bacteria in t…
HEART BURN
Water soluble nutrients and smaller products of fat digestion…
Larger fat / fat soluble nutrients... Bypass liver at first
Probiotics- living microorganisms found in food that are bene…
Burning sensation in chest/throat caused when acidic stomach…
BLOOD STREAM (Pathway for Water soluble)
Water soluble nutrients and smaller products of fat digestion…
LYMPHATIC SYSTEM (Pathway for Fat Solu…
Larger fat / fat soluble nutrients... Bypass liver at first
30 terms
Chapter 3 digestion
smallest unit of matter
chemical bond
sequence from atoms to organism
organic molecules have what in common
atom
force that hold atoms together
atoms, molecules, cell, tissue, organ, organ system, organisms
Carbon
smallest unit of matter
atom
chemical bond
force that hold atoms together
93 terms
Chapter 3 Digestion, Chapter 3 - Digestion
Digestive Organs
Ancillary Organs of Digestion
Sphincter
Enzyme
Mouth, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intesting
Liver, pancreas, gallbladder, and salivary glands
Circular bands of muscle that surround the entrance and exit…
Proteins in the body that excelled are the rate of chemical r…
Digestive Organs
Mouth, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intesting
Ancillary Organs of Digestion
Liver, pancreas, gallbladder, and salivary glands
28 terms
Digestion - Chapter 3
Bicarbonate... Enzymes... Chyme
Gastric Juice... Hydrochloric Acid... Lipase
Pancreatic Juice... Protease... Saliva
Secretin... CCK
Bicarbonate - In Pancreatic Juice - (basic or alkaline) to ne…
Secreted by gastric glands in stomach, includes mixture of wa…
Secreted by pancreas into SI, Contains enzymes that act on al…
Secretin - hormone that tells the pancreas to release pancrea…
Bicarbonate... Enzymes... Chyme
Bicarbonate - In Pancreatic Juice - (basic or alkaline) to ne…
Gastric Juice... Hydrochloric Acid... Lipase
Secreted by gastric glands in stomach, includes mixture of wa…
18 terms
Chapter 3 vocabulary-Digestion
digestion
absorption
saliva
enzyme
The process by which the body breaks down food into small nut…
The process by which nutrient molecules pass through the wall…
The fluid released when the mouth waters that plays an import…
a protein that speeds up chemical reactions in the body
digestion
The process by which the body breaks down food into small nut…
absorption
The process by which nutrient molecules pass through the wall…
17 terms
Chapter 3 Digestion
calorie
nutrients
the six types of nutrients
glucose
a measure of the amount of energy in food
substances in food that provide materials and energy for your…
carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins, minerals, water
a carbohydrate that is a major source of energy for cells
calorie
a measure of the amount of energy in food
nutrients
substances in food that provide materials and energy for your…
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