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Study sets matching "digestion chapter 5"

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Study sets matching "digestion chapter 5"

33 terms
Chapter 5- Digestion
Mechanical digestion
Purpose of mechanical digestion
Chemical digestion
Protease
The process where food is physically broken down into smaller…
By breaking large pieces of food into many smaller pieces the…
Complex molecules in foods are broken down into simpler molec…
Enzymes which break down proteins into amino acids.... E.g. Pep…
Mechanical digestion
The process where food is physically broken down into smaller…
Purpose of mechanical digestion
By breaking large pieces of food into many smaller pieces the…
10 terms
Chapter 5 - Digestion
What is digestion?
Process of digestion
Mouth function
Pharynx function
The physical and chemical process that reduces food the small…
Mouth, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large in…
-has 3 pairs of salivary glands that release via ducts (exocr…
-where swallowing occurs... -epiglottis (flap of tissue_) preven…
What is digestion?
The physical and chemical process that reduces food the small…
Process of digestion
Mouth, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large in…
21 terms
Chapter 5 - Digestion
What is digestion?
Process of digestion?
Mouth function
Pharynx function
physical and chemical processes that reduce food to small, so…
mouth, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, liver, p…
-3 pairs of salivary glands that release saliva via ducts... -sa…
-where swallowing occurs, a reflex action... -epiglottis (flap o…
What is digestion?
physical and chemical processes that reduce food to small, so…
Process of digestion?
mouth, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, liver, p…
131 terms
Chapter 5 - Injestion and Digestion
Ingestion
Digestion
Absorption
Elimination
food material taken into mouth... Mastication: Chewing... Deglutiti…
—food is broken down, mechanically and chemically, as it trav…
Digested food passes into the bloodstream through lining cell…
The body eliminates solid waste materials that cannot be abso…
Ingestion
food material taken into mouth... Mastication: Chewing... Deglutiti…
Digestion
—food is broken down, mechanically and chemically, as it trav…
11 terms
Chapter 5 - Feeding and Digestion
Balanced diet
Food
Carbohydrates
Proteins
Contains the right amount of protein, carbohydrates, fat,vita…
Contains a mixture of substances( protein, carbohydrates, fat…
Gives energy with 2 types: sugar and starch
Body -building food which is needed for growth and repair.
Balanced diet
Contains the right amount of protein, carbohydrates, fat,vita…
Food
Contains a mixture of substances( protein, carbohydrates, fat…
Chapter 5 - Digestion
The combining form of the first part o…
Pertaining to the abdomen
Muscular wave like movement to transpo…
Part of the tooth that contains a rich…
Cec/o
Celiac
Peristalsis
Pulp
The combining form of the first part o…
Cec/o
Pertaining to the abdomen
Celiac
Chapter 5 Digestion
amyl/o
append/o
an/o
bil/i
starch
appendix
anus
gall, bile
amyl/o
starch
append/o
appendix
50 terms
CHAPTER 5: Digestion
digestion
ingestion
digestive tract
ingestion, digestion, absorption and e…
Mechanical and chemical break down of food into subunits that…
The act of taking food into your mouth
Hollow tube that transforms the food we eat to a form our bod…
What are the 4 main steps in digestion?
digestion
Mechanical and chemical break down of food into subunits that…
ingestion
The act of taking food into your mouth
46 terms
Chapter 5: Digestion
Absorption
Alimentary Canal
Amylase
Anus
Movement of dissolved substances such as digested food and ox…
Muscular tube through which food passes; in humans it extends…
A group of enzymes that break down the polysaccharides starch…
posterier or terminal opening of the alimentary canal through…
Absorption
Movement of dissolved substances such as digested food and ox…
Alimentary Canal
Muscular tube through which food passes; in humans it extends…
35 terms
Chapter 5 Digestion Vocabulary
appendectomy
appendicitis
celiac
cholcystectomy
Removal (resection) of the appendix
inflammation of the appendix
pertaining to the abdomin
removal of the gallbladder
appendectomy
Removal (resection) of the appendix
appendicitis
inflammation of the appendix
11 terms
Chapter 5 Digestion
What is the function of the digestive…
What is the structure of the digestive…
Accessory Organs
What aids in the process of chewing?
The digestive system to provide the means by which the body t…
The digestive system components from a continues passageway c…
lips, teeth, tongue, salivary glands, liver, pancreas, and ga…
lips, teeth, and tongue
What is the function of the digestive…
The digestive system to provide the means by which the body t…
What is the structure of the digestive…
The digestive system components from a continues passageway c…
21 terms
Biology chapter 5 - digestion
digestion
mechanical digestion
chemical digestion
Mouth
the process of breaking down large organic molecules into sma…
large food pieces are broken down into smaller pieces
large food molecules are broken down into smaller molecules
teeth break down food... saliva (amylase) breaks down starch (ca…
digestion
the process of breaking down large organic molecules into sma…
mechanical digestion
large food pieces are broken down into smaller pieces
73 terms
Chapter 5: Digestion worksheet
The primary function of the digestive…
Cheeks
Lips
Hard palate
Digestion of food, digested food is absorbed into the bloodst…
Walls of the oral cavity
Surround the opening of the cavity
Anterior portion of the roof of the mouth
The primary function of the digestive…
Digestion of food, digested food is absorbed into the bloodst…
Cheeks
Walls of the oral cavity
30 terms
Chapter 5: nutrition: digestion
Muscle Tone/ Tonic Contraction
Periodic Muscle Contraction and Relaxa…
Intramural Nerve Plexus
Intramural nerve plexus (what does it…
ensures the continuous passage of food mass nd valve control…
rhythmic waves that mix the food mass and move it forward
complex network of nerves in the GI wall and it extends from…
controls muscle tone in the wall, regulates are and intensity…
Muscle Tone/ Tonic Contraction
ensures the continuous passage of food mass nd valve control…
Periodic Muscle Contraction and Relaxa…
rhythmic waves that mix the food mass and move it forward
168 terms
Chapter 5 Digestive System
cheeks
lips
hard palate
walls of the oval-shaped oral cavity
surround opening to oral cavity
forms anterior portion of roof of mouth
cheeks
walls of the oval-shaped oral cavity
lips
surround opening to oral cavity
53 terms
Chapter 5 - Digestion, Absorption and Metabolism
What creates a balanced system?
What conducts these tasks through the…
What are the principles of change?
What are the principles of wholeness?
Mechanical and chemical digestion, food is broken down into s…
Special organ structures and functions
The body cannot use food as it is eaten ... Food must be changed…
The parts of the digestive process comprise a continuous whol…
What creates a balanced system?
Mechanical and chemical digestion, food is broken down into s…
What conducts these tasks through the…
Special organ structures and functions
62 terms
DIGESTIVE SYSTEM CHAPTER 5
eating
break down food
moves nutrients from intestines to blood
the waste
ingestion
digestion
absorption
elimination
eating
ingestion
break down food
digestion
16 terms
Chapter 5 Digestive System
caries
melena
intussusception
hemorrhoids
decay
feces containing dark, tarry blood
telescoping of the intestines
swollen, twisted, varicose veins in the rectal region
caries
decay
melena
feces containing dark, tarry blood
36 terms
Biology Chapter 5 - Nutrition/ Digestion
Nutrition
Why do we need to digest food?
2 Types of Nutrition
Autotrophic
The life function carried out by the Digestive System; The ch…
So that the food molecules can get into our blood stream then…
Autotrophic... Heterotrophic
Self-feeding (Plant)
Nutrition
The life function carried out by the Digestive System; The ch…
Why do we need to digest food?
So that the food molecules can get into our blood stream then…
51 terms
Chapter 5 - Digestive System
an/o
append/o
bucc/o
cec/o
anus
appendix
cheek
cecum
an/o
anus
append/o
appendix
57 terms
Chapter 5: Digestive System
an/o
append/o
appendic/o
bucc/o
anus
appendix
appendix
cheek
an/o
anus
append/o
appendix
86 terms
Chapter 5 and 6 - Digestion
Main functions of the GI tract
Ingestion
Digestion
Proteins
*Ingestion... *Digestion... *Absorption... *Elimination
Food material taken into the mouth
Food is broken down and travels through the GI tract
Amino acids
Main functions of the GI tract
*Ingestion... *Digestion... *Absorption... *Elimination
Ingestion
Food material taken into the mouth
65 terms
MCAT 2015: Biology Chapter 5 Digestion (Kaplan)
Intracellular Digestion
Extracellular Digestion
Digestion
Mechanical Digestion
type of digestion when the digestion of compounds occur using…
digestion that occurs outside the cell's borders;... in humans,…
involves the breakdown of food into its constituent organic m…
physical breakdown of large food particles into smaller food…
Intracellular Digestion
type of digestion when the digestion of compounds occur using…
Extracellular Digestion
digestion that occurs outside the cell's borders;... in humans,…
15 terms
Chapter 5 - Digestive System
Function of the digestive
Or/o
Location of cheeks and lips
Hard palate and soft palate
Ingestion, digestion, absorption, and elimination.
Mouth. Oral means pertaining to the mouth.
Surrounds the lateral inner lining of the oral cavity and the…
Serves as the anterior side of the root of the mouth and the…
Function of the digestive
Ingestion, digestion, absorption, and elimination.
Or/o
Mouth. Oral means pertaining to the mouth.
29 terms
Unit 1 - Chapter 5 - Nutrition and Digestion
absorption
alimentary canal
amylase
autotrophic
Digested products moving into blood stream
Digestive tube that extends from the mouth to the anus
An enzyme that digests starch into disaccharides. Amylase is…
Able to make own food (plants).
absorption
Digested products moving into blood stream
alimentary canal
Digestive tube that extends from the mouth to the anus
129 terms
Chapter 5 - The Digestive System
The Digestive or Gastrointestinal Syst…
Ingestion
Digestion
Proteins breakdown into
Ingestion... Digestion... Absorption... Elimination
Food material taken into mouth
Food is broken down, mechanically and chemically, as it trave…
Amino acids
The Digestive or Gastrointestinal Syst…
Ingestion... Digestion... Absorption... Elimination
Ingestion
Food material taken into mouth
115 terms
Chapter 5: Digestive System
absorption
amino acids
amylase
anus
passage of materials through the walls of the small intestine…
small building blocks of proteins (like links in a chain), re…
enzyme (-ase) secreted by the pancreas and salivary glands to…
terminal end or opening of the digestive tract to the outside…
absorption
passage of materials through the walls of the small intestine…
amino acids
small building blocks of proteins (like links in a chain), re…
30 terms
Chapter 5 digestive system
Ingestion
Digestion
Elimination
Absorption
Process where food is taken in through the mouth and broken d…
Starts in the mouth and breaks down food into smaller and sma…
Discarding of waste in the body.
Nutrients that come from food pass through channels in the in…
Ingestion
Process where food is taken in through the mouth and broken d…
Digestion
Starts in the mouth and breaks down food into smaller and sma…
97 terms
Chapter 5 digestion, absorption, metabolism
What is the end-product of stomach act…
What increases the secretion of stomac…
What is the process by which food is b…
What is the wave-like muscular contrac…
chyme
gastrin
digestion
peristalsis
What is the end-product of stomach act…
chyme
What increases the secretion of stomac…
gastrin
28 terms
Chapter 5 - Digestive
pharynx
esophagus
degluttion
bolus
throat
tube that connects your pharynx to your stomach
swallowing
mass of food
pharynx
throat
esophagus
tube that connects your pharynx to your stomach
115 terms
chapter 5- Digestive system
absorption
amino acids
amylase
anus
passage of materials through the walls of the small intestine…
small building blocks of proteins (like links in a chain), re…
enzyme (-ase) secreted by the pancreas and salivary glands to…
terminal end or opening of the digestive tract to the outside…
absorption
passage of materials through the walls of the small intestine…
amino acids
small building blocks of proteins (like links in a chain), re…
47 terms
Chapter 5 - The Digestive System
Alimentary Canal
Accessory Organs
Gastroenterology
Through blood and lymph
Mouth, Pharynx, Esophagus, Stomach, Small Intestine, Large In…
Teeth, Tongue, Salivary Glands, Liver, Gallbladder, Pancreas
The study of the digestive system
How are food elements transported to cells?
Alimentary Canal
Mouth, Pharynx, Esophagus, Stomach, Small Intestine, Large In…
Accessory Organs
Teeth, Tongue, Salivary Glands, Liver, Gallbladder, Pancreas
138 terms
Chapter 5: The Digestive System
absorption
amino acids
amylase
anus
enzyme from pancreas and salivary glands (digest starch)
terminal ending of digestive track
absorption
amino acids
44 terms
Chapter 5: Digestive System
Ingestion
Digestion
Mechanically
Chemically
Food material taken into mouth
Food is broken down, mechanically and chemically, as it trave…
Teeth
Silvia
Ingestion
Food material taken into mouth
Digestion
Food is broken down, mechanically and chemically, as it trave…
125 terms
Chapter 5 Digestive System
Deglutition
Jaundice
Mastication
amylase
swallow
Hyperbilirubinemia (yellow discoloration of the skin)
chewing
enzyme secreted by the pancreas and salivary glands to digest…
Deglutition
swallow
Jaundice
Hyperbilirubinemia (yellow discoloration of the skin)
81 terms
Chapter 5: Digestive System
Digestion begins in the
Digestion ends in the
Complex food must be broken down
Digestive enzymes
mouth
anus
mechanically and chemically
speed up chemical reactions
Digestion begins in the
mouth
Digestion ends in the
anus
65 terms
chapter 5 digestion, absorption, and metabolism
digestion
absorption
transport
metabolism
process in which food is broken down in the GI tract, releasi…
process in which nutrients are taken into the cells lining th…
movement of nutrients through the circulatory system from one…
the sum of the vast number of chemical changes in the cell, t…
digestion
process in which food is broken down in the GI tract, releasi…
absorption
process in which nutrients are taken into the cells lining th…
112 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 5-Digestive System
gastrointestinal tract
ingest
digest
digestive enzymes
Portion of the body that begins at the mouth and ends at the…
Food taken in the mouth
Food is mechanically or chemically broken down
They speed up the chemical reaction to aid in the breakdown o…
gastrointestinal tract
Portion of the body that begins at the mouth and ends at the…
ingest
Food taken in the mouth
30 terms
Chapter 5 Digestion and absorption
Chemical disgestion
Intrinsic factor and hydrochloride aci…
The digestive enzyme in saliva is
The peculiar type of movement of stoma…
The enzymatic breakdown of lalrge molecules into their basic…
Parietal cells
Amylase
Receptive relaxation
Chemical disgestion
The enzymatic breakdown of lalrge molecules into their basic…
Intrinsic factor and hydrochloride aci…
Parietal cells
39 terms
Science-Chapter 5~Digestion
What does digestion mean?
What are the 2 types of digestion?
What is physical digestion?
What is chemical digestion?
The breakdown of large insoluble food molecules into small so…
Physical and chemical
Where the food is broken down by the teeth and by the churnin…
Where the food is broken down by special chemicals called enz…
What does digestion mean?
The breakdown of large insoluble food molecules into small so…
What are the 2 types of digestion?
Physical and chemical
44 terms
Chapter 5: Digestive System (Pathology of the Digestive)
anorexia
Anorexia nervosa
ascites
Borborygmus
lack of appetite... a. Often a sign of malignancy or liver disease
loss of appetite associated with emotional problems and an ir…
abnormal accumulation of fluid in the abdomen... a. Occurs when…
rumbling or gurgling noise produce by the movement of gas, fl…
anorexia
lack of appetite... a. Often a sign of malignancy or liver disease
Anorexia nervosa
loss of appetite associated with emotional problems and an ir…
25 terms
Chapter 5 - Digestive System
The combining form of the first part o…
Pertaining to the abdomen
Muscular wave-like movement to transpo…
Part of the tooth that contains a rich…
Cec/o
Celiac
Peristalsis
Pulp
The combining form of the first part o…
Cec/o
Pertaining to the abdomen
Celiac
56 terms
Chapter 5: Digestive System
an/o
append/o
appendic/o
bucc/o
anus
appendix
appendix
cheek
an/o
anus
append/o
appendix
46 terms
Chapter 5- Digestive System
An/o
Append/o
Bar/o
bucc/o
anus
appendix
weight
cheek
An/o
anus
Append/o
appendix
81 terms
Chapter 5 & 6 Digestive System
an/o
append/o, appendic/o
bucc/o
cec/o
anus
appendix
cheek
cecum
an/o
anus
append/o, appendic/o
appendix
45 terms
ATNFire MT Digestive Chapter 5
Sigmoid Colon
Cecum
uvula
mastication
3rd major part of large intestine
Pouch that lies on the right side of abd
helps in producing sounds and speech
chewing
Sigmoid Colon
3rd major part of large intestine
Cecum
Pouch that lies on the right side of abd
171 terms
Nutrition Chapter 5: digestion and absorption
Digestive tract is selective... -Material…
Most "nonnutritive" materials
Gastrointestinal tract
Nutrients enter rest of body through
"broken" into particles and "absorbed"
left "undigested" and "excreted"
-Flexible, muscular tube ... -extending from mouth to anus... -sub…
cells of digestive tract
Digestive tract is selective... -Material…
"broken" into particles and "absorbed"
Most "nonnutritive" materials
left "undigested" and "excreted"
25 terms
Chapter 5 Digestion MA161
Perianal
Appendicitis
Cheilosis
Cholecystectomy
Surrounding/anus/pertaining to
Appendix/inflammation of
Lip/abnormal condition of
Gall bladder / excision of
Perianal
Surrounding/anus/pertaining to
Appendicitis
Appendix/inflammation of
230 terms
Chapter 5: Digestive System
Gastroenetrologist
Proctologist
Denstists
Periodontists
Medical specialist in the field of gastroenterology
Surgical specialists in diseases of the anus and rectum
Licensed practitioners in the anatomy, physiology, and pathol…
Specialists in diseases of the tissues surrounding the teeth
Gastroenetrologist
Medical specialist in the field of gastroenterology
Proctologist
Surgical specialists in diseases of the anus and rectum
81 terms
Chapter 5 & 6 Digestive System
an/o
append/o, appendic/o
bucc/o
cec/o
anus
appendix
cheek
cecum
an/o
anus
append/o, appendic/o
appendix
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