Study sets matching "digestion"

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Study sets matching "digestion"

Digestion
mouth
salivary glands
oesophagus
Stomach
Where food enters and the process of digestion begins.
produce saliva which helps to moisten food and contains enzym…
muscular tube connecting the mouth to the stomach
muscular organ, can store food as physical digestion continue…
mouth
Where food enters and the process of digestion begins.
salivary glands
produce saliva which helps to moisten food and contains enzym…
115 terms
Digestion
salivary amylase
bile
Uvula
Peristalsis
Enzyme in the mouth that helps break down carbohydrates
A secretion of the liver that emulsifies fats, preparing them…
Dangles from the back of the roof of the mouth
Involuntary waves of muscle contraction that keep food moving…
salivary amylase
Enzyme in the mouth that helps break down carbohydrates
bile
A secretion of the liver that emulsifies fats, preparing them…
68 terms
Digestion
mechanical digestion
chemical digestion
digestion
water
This type of digestion involves the physical breakdown of foo…
This type of digestion involves the chemical breakdown of foo…
The process of breaking down food for absorption into the body
Makes up about two-thirds of our bodies.
mechanical digestion
This type of digestion involves the physical breakdown of foo…
chemical digestion
This type of digestion involves the chemical breakdown of foo…
Digestion
mechanical digestion
chemical digestion
bile
saliva
physically breaking food into smaller pieces... ex: chewing with…
breaking food down with enzymes and acid... begins in mouth ends…
liver produces bile... gallbladder stores bile... breaks down fats…
in mouth ... begins digestions of starch ... beginning of chemical…
mechanical digestion
physically breaking food into smaller pieces... ex: chewing with…
chemical digestion
breaking food down with enzymes and acid... begins in mouth ends…
206 terms
Digestion
T/F: All salivary glands have mucous c…
What are the two types of salivary sec…
In which species is salivary amylase p…
What are the major differences between…
False
Serous and mucous... Parotid - S... Submand and Sublingual - S and…
Pigs
Ruminant - more Na+ and HCO3-... Equine - more Cl- and Ca2+
T/F: All salivary glands have mucous c…
False
What are the two types of salivary sec…
Serous and mucous... Parotid - S... Submand and Sublingual - S and…
30 terms
Digestion
Goal of Digestion
Intracellular Digestion
Extracellular Digestion
Mechanical Digestion
To get usable nutrients out of our food and eliminate waste.
Digestion that occurs within the cell
Digestion that occurs outside of the cell in body cavities (e…
Changes the size of shape of foods
Goal of Digestion
To get usable nutrients out of our food and eliminate waste.
Intracellular Digestion
Digestion that occurs within the cell
11 terms
Digestion
Digestive
Mouth
Esophagus
Peristalsis
system that breaks down food
where digestion begins
food tube
wave-like action that moves food
Digestive
system that breaks down food
Mouth
where digestion begins
12 terms
Digestion
ATP
products
metabolism
mechanical digestion
energy for cell activity... released when sugar molecules are br…
the result of breaking down molecules into smaller parts ex:…
combination of all life processes, requires energy to break l…
physically breaking food into smaller pieces... ex: chewing with…
ATP
energy for cell activity... released when sugar molecules are br…
products
the result of breaking down molecules into smaller parts ex:…
Digestion
mechanical digestion
chemical digestion
digestion
water
This type of digestion involves the physical breakdown of foo…
This type of digestion involves the chemical breakdown of foo…
The process of breaking down food for absorption into the body
Important for dissolving and transporting chemicals and allow…
mechanical digestion
This type of digestion involves the physical breakdown of foo…
chemical digestion
This type of digestion involves the chemical breakdown of foo…
Digestion
villi
stomach
bile
liver
finger-like structures where food is absorbed
J-shaped organ with acid
breaks down fat
produces bile
villi
finger-like structures where food is absorbed
stomach
J-shaped organ with acid
17 terms
Digestion
Digestion
Nutrient
Saliva
Esophagus
Breakdown of food substances into simpler forms that can be a…
Substances in food that provide energy or help form body tiss…
liquid secreted into the mouth that contains mucus and digest…
A muscular tube that connects the mouth to the stomach.
Digestion
Breakdown of food substances into simpler forms that can be a…
Nutrient
Substances in food that provide energy or help form body tiss…
9 terms
Digestion
Intersitial cells of Cajal
Smooth muscle
Pudendal nerve
Interstitial cells of Cajal
Pace maker cell of the intestine
No T tubules, poorly developed SR and cringe anchored to dens…
Voluntary control of the external scphincter
Slow waves depend only on these
Intersitial cells of Cajal
Pace maker cell of the intestine
Smooth muscle
No T tubules, poorly developed SR and cringe anchored to dens…
13 terms
Digestion
Food Pyramid
Fats
Nutrient
Vitamins
one way of showing the food groups and how many servings to e…
nutrients that do not supply energy, although some kinds are…
a substance in food that your body needs
nutrients that are needed by cells to carry out their activit…
Food Pyramid
one way of showing the food groups and how many servings to e…
Fats
nutrients that do not supply energy, although some kinds are…
Digestion
Digestion
Nutrient
Saliva
Esophogus
Breakdown of food substances into simpler forms that can be a…
Substances in food that your body needs to grow, to repair it…
The fluid released when the mouth waters that plays an import…
tube in wich food travels from mouth to the stomach
Digestion
Breakdown of food substances into simpler forms that can be a…
Nutrient
Substances in food that your body needs to grow, to repair it…
103 terms
Digestion
mechanical
chemical
digestion
water
This type of digestion involves the physical breakdown of foo…
This type of digestion involves the chemical breakdown of foo…
The process of breaking down food for absorption into the body
Makes up about two-thirds of our bodies.
mechanical
This type of digestion involves the physical breakdown of foo…
chemical
This type of digestion involves the chemical breakdown of foo…
digestion
Digestive system functions
Digestion
mechanical digestion
chemical digestion
Breaks down food into molecules.... molecules are absorbed into…
the process by which your body breaks down food into small nu…
foods are physically broken down into smaller pieces. ex. bit…
chemicals produced by the body breaks down food into their sm…
Digestive system functions
Breaks down food into molecules.... molecules are absorbed into…
Digestion
the process by which your body breaks down food into small nu…
17 terms
Digestion
mouth
salivary glands
amylase
oesophagus
digestions begins here, teeth masticate the food, increasing…
glands of the mouth that produce saliva, a digestive secretio…
an enzyme found in saliva starts to breaks down some of the c…
a muscular tube that connects the mouth and stomach
mouth
digestions begins here, teeth masticate the food, increasing…
salivary glands
glands of the mouth that produce saliva, a digestive secretio…
8 terms
Digestion
bile
saliva
peristalisis
Enzymes
produced by liver and breaks up fat
the fluid released when the mouth water that plays an importa…
involuntary waves of muscles contraction that keep moving thr…
proteins that speeds up chemicals reaction in the body
bile
produced by liver and breaks up fat
saliva
the fluid released when the mouth water that plays an importa…
19 terms
Digestion
enzyme in saliva that breaks down star…
place where food is ingested and broke…
peristalsis
an enlarged, muscular saclike organ of…
amylase
mouth
rhythmic muscular contractions that squeeze food through oeso…
stomach
enzyme in saliva that breaks down star…
amylase
place where food is ingested and broke…
mouth
19 terms
Digestion
Nutrients found in food
Reasons why food is needed
Carbohydrates
Protein
- Carbohydrates... - Proteins... - Fats... - Vitamins... - Mineral salts
- energy to perform activities... - growth... - to repair injured b…
Found in food such as rice, noodles, potatoes and sweets... Prov…
Found in food such as meat, milk, eggs and beans... Helps us gro…
Nutrients found in food
- Carbohydrates... - Proteins... - Fats... - Vitamins... - Mineral salts
Reasons why food is needed
- energy to perform activities... - growth... - to repair injured b…
Digestion
digestive system
mouth
mechanical digestion
chemical digestion
breaking down food into a form of energy absorbed by the bloo…
breaks down food into smaller pieces, starts mechanical and c…
physically breaking down food into smaller pieces by chewing,…
breaking food down at the molecular level (with saliva and st…
digestive system
breaking down food into a form of energy absorbed by the bloo…
mouth
breaks down food into smaller pieces, starts mechanical and c…
44 terms
Digestion
Benedicts solution
Fat
Drink water
Absorption
A chemical indicator that when heated changes from blue to li…
a nutrient not broken down by saliva or gastric juice is
to avoid suffering from constipation
The process by which nutrient molecules pass through the wall…
Benedicts solution
A chemical indicator that when heated changes from blue to li…
Fat
a nutrient not broken down by saliva or gastric juice is
19 terms
Digestion
Digestion
Mouth
Chemical Digestion
Mechanical Digestion
Breakdown of food by mechanical and chemical means into small…
where digestion begins
food is broken down by enzymes into smaller substances that c…
involves chewing food to break it down
Digestion
Breakdown of food by mechanical and chemical means into small…
Mouth
where digestion begins
21 terms
Digestion
Mouth
Esophagus
Salivary glands
Stomach
A body opening through which food (and air) enters the body o…
The passage between the pharynx and the stomach
Glands that produce enzymes that aid in the breakdown of star…
The stomach produces gastric juice (acidic) which serves to b…
Mouth
A body opening through which food (and air) enters the body o…
Esophagus
The passage between the pharynx and the stomach
25 terms
Digestion
Digestion
Extracellular digestion
Intracellular digestion
Physical (mechanical) digestion
The process in which food is broken down, it can be physical…
The name of digestion that takes place outside of the cells
The name of digestion that takes place inside the cells
The type of digestion where large pieces of food become small…
Digestion
The process in which food is broken down, it can be physical…
Extracellular digestion
The name of digestion that takes place outside of the cells
19 terms
Digestion
Digestion
Mechanical digestion
Chemical Digestion
Enzyme
Breakdown of food by mechanical and chemical processes into s…
Type of digestion: The process through which your food is phy…
the digestion process in which enzymes are used to break food…
A chemical agent that increases the rate of a chemical reacti…
Digestion
Breakdown of food by mechanical and chemical processes into s…
Mechanical digestion
Type of digestion: The process through which your food is phy…
93 terms
Digestion
Enzyme
Active site
Allosteric effector
Allosteric site
Protein that living things use to catalyze/speed up chemical…
Portion of the enzyme molecule that chemically fits the subst…
A molecule or other agent that alters enzyme function by chan…
Site on the enzyme that changes the shape of an active site
Enzyme
Protein that living things use to catalyze/speed up chemical…
Active site
Portion of the enzyme molecule that chemically fits the subst…
5 terms
Digestion
Mouth
Esophagus
Stomach
Small Intestine
This is where digestion begins.
This is a long tube that transports food from the mouth to th…
This is where food is combined with acids and enzymes and bro…
This is where the nutrients in the food are absorbed.
Mouth
This is where digestion begins.
Esophagus
This is a long tube that transports food from the mouth to th…
20 terms
Digestion
digestion
absorption
saliva
enzyme
The process by which the body breaks down food into smaller n…
The process by which nutrient molecules pass through the wall…
The fluid released in the mouth that plays an important role…
A protein that speeds up chemical reactions in the body
digestion
The process by which the body breaks down food into smaller n…
absorption
The process by which nutrient molecules pass through the wall…
36 terms
Digestion
mouth
salivary glands
oesophagus
Stomach
Where food enters and the process of digestion begins.
produce saliva which helps to moisten food and contains enzym…
muscular tube connecting the mouth to the stomach
muscular organ, can store food as physical digestion continue…
mouth
Where food enters and the process of digestion begins.
salivary glands
produce saliva which helps to moisten food and contains enzym…
26 terms
Digestion
Sugar
Digestion
Starches
Proteins
Also known as glucose. Can be changed into other body nutrien…
the process by which food is broken down into small enough pi…
Are broken down in the digestion process into sugars.
Are broken down in the digestion process into amino acids
Sugar
Also known as glucose. Can be changed into other body nutrien…
Digestion
the process by which food is broken down into small enough pi…
18 terms
Digestion
digestive system
mouth
mechanical digestion
chemical digestion
main function of this system is to break down food into a for…
breaks down food into smaller pieces, starts mechanical and c…
physically breaking down food into smaller pieces by chewing,…
breaking food down at the molecular level
digestive system
main function of this system is to break down food into a for…
mouth
breaks down food into smaller pieces, starts mechanical and c…
21 terms
Digestion
m or c-mouth
m or c-salivary glands
m or c-esophagus
m or c-stomach
MC
C
M
MC
m or c-mouth
MC
m or c-salivary glands
C
227 terms
Digestion
Neural Tube
Notochord
Dorsal Mesentary
Coelomic Cavity
1 & 6... A tube of cells running along the dorsal axis of the bo…
2... A rod of tough, flexible material that runs the length of a…
3 & 7... surrounds the gut tube and holds it in place
4... area between the body wall and digestive tract
Neural Tube
1 & 6... A tube of cells running along the dorsal axis of the bo…
Notochord
2... A rod of tough, flexible material that runs the length of a…
Digestion
digestive system
organ system
organ
tissue
organs that break down food
a number of organs that work together
a group of different tissues working together
a group of cells working together
digestive system
organs that break down food
organ system
a number of organs that work together
29 terms
Digestion
mouth
salivary glands
amylase
esophagus
digestions begins here, teeth masticate the food, increasing…
glands of the mouth that produce saliva, a digestive secretio…
an enzyme found in saliva starts to breaks down some of the c…
a muscular tube that connects the mouth and stomach
mouth
digestions begins here, teeth masticate the food, increasing…
salivary glands
glands of the mouth that produce saliva, a digestive secretio…
DIGESTION
Mechanical Digestion
Chemical Digestion
Esophagus
Perstalsis
when food is PHYSICALLY broken down into smaller pieces|| CHEW
when chemicals produced by the body breakdown into small chem…
a muscular tube that connects the mouth to the stomach
involuntary muscle contractions that push food along to the s…
Mechanical Digestion
when food is PHYSICALLY broken down into smaller pieces|| CHEW
Chemical Digestion
when chemicals produced by the body breakdown into small chem…
Digestion
mouth
salivary glands
oesophagus
Stomach
Where food enters and the process of digestion begins.
produce saliva which helps to moisten food and contains enzym…
muscular tube connecting the mouth to the stomach
muscular organ, can store food as physical digestion continue…
mouth
Where food enters and the process of digestion begins.
salivary glands
produce saliva which helps to moisten food and contains enzym…
24 terms
Digestion
digestion
absorption
saliva
chemical digestion
Breakdown of food substances into simpler forms that can be a…
The process by which nutrient molecules pass through the wall…
The fluid released by glands in the mouth which begins chemic…
The use of enzymes to break food into smaller molecules
digestion
Breakdown of food substances into simpler forms that can be a…
absorption
The process by which nutrient molecules pass through the wall…
Digestion
mouth
Esophagus
Stomach
Liver
mouth
Esophagus
DIGESTION
Peristalsis
Mouth
Esophagus
Epiglottis
Involuntary waves of muscle contraction that keep food moving…
Beginning opening to the digestive system (where digestion be…
A muscular tube that connects the mouth to the stomach.
A flab of tissue that prevents food from entering the trachea…
Peristalsis
Involuntary waves of muscle contraction that keep food moving…
Mouth
Beginning opening to the digestive system (where digestion be…
15 terms
Digestion
mouth
salivary glands
oesophagus
Stomach
Where food enters and the process of digestion begins.
produce saliva which helps to moisten food and contains enzym…
muscular tube connecting the mouth to the stomach
muscular organ, can store food as physical digestion continue…
mouth
Where food enters and the process of digestion begins.
salivary glands
produce saliva which helps to moisten food and contains enzym…
Digestion
What must food be small enough to pass…
Digestion
Digestive tract (pathway of food)
Accessory organs
Cell membrane
The process that breaks down food into smaller and simpler form
Mouth -> esophagus -> stomach -> small intestine -> large int…
Salivary glands, liver, gall bladder, pancreas
What must food be small enough to pass…
Cell membrane
Digestion
The process that breaks down food into smaller and simpler form
53 terms
Digestion
macromolecule
monosaccharide
disaccharides
polysaccharide
very large molecule, made of a bunch of smaller ones bonded t…
simple sugar (ex. glucose)
2 monosaccharides bonded together
many monosaccharides bonded together
macromolecule
very large molecule, made of a bunch of smaller ones bonded t…
monosaccharide
simple sugar (ex. glucose)
23 terms
Digestion
mouth
salivary glands
amylase
oesophagus
digestions begins here, teeth masticate the food, increasing…
glands of the mouth that produce saliva, a digestive secretio…
an enzyme found in saliva starts to breaks down carbohydrates…
a muscular tube that connects the mouth and stomach
mouth
digestions begins here, teeth masticate the food, increasing…
salivary glands
glands of the mouth that produce saliva, a digestive secretio…
20 terms
Digestion
Ingestion
Digestion
Egestion
Mouth
Food taken in
Food broken down to soluble molecules
Waste materials removed from body
Makes saliva, chews food
Ingestion
Food taken in
Digestion
Food broken down to soluble molecules
9 terms
Digestion
digestive system
mouth
mechanical digestion
chemical digestion
breaks down food into energy cells can use
breaks down food into smaller pieces
break down food to smaller pieces and moving
break down food at the molecular level with stomach acids and…
digestive system
breaks down food into energy cells can use
mouth
breaks down food into smaller pieces
12 terms
Digestion
digestion
esophagus
stomach
small intestine
Breaking down food that we eat into energy.
Connects mouth to stomach
The first stop for food. Breaks down food with acid.
Absorbs nutrients
digestion
Breaking down food that we eat into energy.
esophagus
Connects mouth to stomach
17 terms
Digestion
mouth
salivary glands
esophagus
Stomach
Where food enters and the process of digestion begins.
produce saliva which helps to moisten food and contains enzym…
muscular tube connecting the mouth to the stomach
muscular organ, can store food as physical digestion continue…
mouth
Where food enters and the process of digestion begins.
salivary glands
produce saliva which helps to moisten food and contains enzym…
63 terms
Digestion
blood pressure
size, speed, thickness
systolic
diastolic
Pressure exerted by the blood upon the walls of the blood ves…
what affects blood pressure?
Blood pressure in the arteries during contraction of the vent…
Blood pressure that remains between heart contractions.
blood pressure
Pressure exerted by the blood upon the walls of the blood ves…
size, speed, thickness
what affects blood pressure?
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