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Study sets matching "digestion"

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Study sets matching "digestion"

68 terms
Digestion
mechanical digestion
chemical digestion
digestion
water
This type of digestion involves the physical breakdown of foo…
This type of digestion involves the chemical breakdown of foo…
The process of breaking down food for absorption into the body
Makes up about two-thirds of our bodies.
mechanical digestion
This type of digestion involves the physical breakdown of foo…
chemical digestion
This type of digestion involves the chemical breakdown of foo…
115 terms
Digestion
salivary amylase
bile
Uvula
Peristalsis
Enzyme in the mouth that helps break down carbohydrates
A secretion of the liver that emulsifies fats, preparing them…
Dangles from the back of the roof of the mouth
Involuntary waves of muscle contraction that keep food moving…
salivary amylase
Enzyme in the mouth that helps break down carbohydrates
bile
A secretion of the liver that emulsifies fats, preparing them…
103 terms
Digestion
mechanical
chemical
digestion
water
This type of digestion involves the physical breakdown of foo…
This type of digestion involves the chemical breakdown of foo…
The process of breaking down food for absorption into the body
Makes up about two-thirds of our bodies.
mechanical
This type of digestion involves the physical breakdown of foo…
chemical
This type of digestion involves the chemical breakdown of foo…
17 terms
Digestion
mouth
salivary glands
oesophagus
Stomach
Where food enters and the process of digestion begins.
produce saliva which helps to moisten food and contains enzym…
muscular tube connecting the mouth to the stomach
muscular organ, can store food as physical digestion continue…
mouth
Where food enters and the process of digestion begins.
salivary glands
produce saliva which helps to moisten food and contains enzym…
Digestion
mechanical digestion
chemical digestion
bile
saliva
physically breaking food into smaller pieces... ex: chewing with…
breaking food down with enzymes and acid... begins in mouth ends…
liver produces bile... gallbladder stores bile... breaks down fats…
in mouth ... begins digestions of starch ... beginning of chemical…
mechanical digestion
physically breaking food into smaller pieces... ex: chewing with…
chemical digestion
breaking food down with enzymes and acid... begins in mouth ends…
19 terms
Digestion
enzyme in saliva that breaks down star…
place where food is ingested and broke…
peristalsis
an enlarged, muscular saclike organ of…
amylase
mouth
rhythmic muscular contractions that squeeze food through oeso…
stomach
enzyme in saliva that breaks down star…
amylase
place where food is ingested and broke…
mouth
30 terms
Digestion
Goal of Digestion
Intracellular Digestion
Extracellular Digestion
Mechanical Digestion
To get usable nutrients out of our food and eliminate waste.
Digestion that occurs within the cell
Digestion that occurs outside of the cell in body cavities (e…
Changes the size of shape of foods
Goal of Digestion
To get usable nutrients out of our food and eliminate waste.
Intracellular Digestion
Digestion that occurs within the cell
11 terms
Digestion
Digestive
Mouth
Esophagus
Peristalsis
system that breaks down food
where digestion begins
food tube
wave-like action that moves food
Digestive
system that breaks down food
Mouth
where digestion begins
19 terms
Digestion
Nutrients found in food
Reasons why food is needed
Carbohydrates
Protein
- Carbohydrates... - Proteins... - Fats... - Vitamins... - Mineral salts
- energy to perform activities... - growth... - to repair injured b…
Found in food such as rice, noodles, potatoes and sweets... Prov…
Found in food such as meat, milk, eggs and beans... Helps us gro…
Nutrients found in food
- Carbohydrates... - Proteins... - Fats... - Vitamins... - Mineral salts
Reasons why food is needed
- energy to perform activities... - growth... - to repair injured b…
12 terms
Digestion
ATP
products
metabolism
mechanical digestion
energy for cell activity... released when sugar molecules are br…
the result of breaking down molecules into smaller parts ex:…
combination of all life processes, requires energy to break l…
physically breaking food into smaller pieces... ex: chewing with…
ATP
energy for cell activity... released when sugar molecules are br…
products
the result of breaking down molecules into smaller parts ex:…
17 terms
Digestion
Digestion
Nutrient
Saliva
Esophagus
Breakdown of food substances into simpler forms that can be a…
Substances in food that provide energy or help form body tiss…
liquid secreted into the mouth that contains mucus and digest…
A muscular tube that connects the mouth to the stomach.
Digestion
Breakdown of food substances into simpler forms that can be a…
Nutrient
Substances in food that provide energy or help form body tiss…
36 terms
Digestion
mouth
salivary glands
oesophagus
Stomach
Where food enters and the process of digestion begins.
produce saliva which helps to moisten food and contains enzym…
muscular tube connecting the mouth to the stomach
muscular organ, can store food as physical digestion continue…
mouth
Where food enters and the process of digestion begins.
salivary glands
produce saliva which helps to moisten food and contains enzym…
121 terms
Digestion
What are the basic histological layers…
What is the extent of the ENS?... (with r…
What is the role of:... a) Submucosal ple…
Roughly how many neurons are present i…
Inside to outside... *1) Mucosa*... -Epithelium -> Lamina propria…
Middle of oesophagus to colon
a) Coordinates secretion... b) Coordinates motility
~400-600 million
What are the basic histological layers…
Inside to outside... *1) Mucosa*... -Epithelium -> Lamina propria…
What is the extent of the ENS?... (with r…
Middle of oesophagus to colon
13 terms
Digestion
Food Pyramid
Fats
Nutrient
Vitamins
one way of showing the food groups and how many servings to e…
nutrients that do not supply energy, although some kinds are…
a substance in food that your body needs
nutrients that are needed by cells to carry out their activit…
Food Pyramid
one way of showing the food groups and how many servings to e…
Fats
nutrients that do not supply energy, although some kinds are…
19 terms
Digestion
Mechanical digestion
Chemical digestion
Digestive enzymes
Salivary amylase
Part of digestion that uses movement and muscles to break dow…
Breaking food into smaller pieces using digestive juices call…
Digestive juices that help to break down food into simpler co…
Enzyme in saliva that breaks down starch.
Mechanical digestion
Part of digestion that uses movement and muscles to break dow…
Chemical digestion
Breaking food into smaller pieces using digestive juices call…
17 terms
Digestion
Digestion
Nutrient
Saliva
Esophogus
Breakdown of food substances into simpler forms that can be a…
Substances in food that your body needs to grow, to repair it…
The fluid released when the mouth waters that plays an import…
tube in wich food travels from mouth to the stomach
Digestion
Breakdown of food substances into simpler forms that can be a…
Nutrient
Substances in food that your body needs to grow, to repair it…
15 terms
Digestion
mouth
salivary glands
oesophagus
Stomach
Where food enters and the process of digestion begins.
produce saliva which helps to moisten food and contains enzym…
muscular tube connecting the mouth to the stomach
muscular organ, can store food as physical digestion continue…
mouth
Where food enters and the process of digestion begins.
salivary glands
produce saliva which helps to moisten food and contains enzym…
Digestion
mouth
salivary glands
esophagus
Stomach
Where food enters and the process of digestion begins.
produce saliva which helps to moisten food and contains enzym…
muscular tube connecting the mouth to the stomach
muscular organ, can temporarily store food as physical digest…
mouth
Where food enters and the process of digestion begins.
salivary glands
produce saliva which helps to moisten food and contains enzym…
8 terms
Digestion
mechanical digestion
chemical digestion
bile
saliva
physically breaking food into smaller pieces... ex: chewing with…
breaking food down with enzymes and acid... begins in mouth ends…
liver produces bile... gallbladder stores bile... breaks down fats…
in mouth ... begins digestions of starch ... beginning of chemical…
mechanical digestion
physically breaking food into smaller pieces... ex: chewing with…
chemical digestion
breaking food down with enzymes and acid... begins in mouth ends…
17 terms
Digestion
enzyme in saliva that breaks down star…
place where food is masticated ... (broke…
peristalsis
an enlarged, muscular saclike organ wh…
amylase
mouth
rhythmic muscular contractions that squeeze food through oeso…
stomach
enzyme in saliva that breaks down star…
amylase
place where food is masticated ... (broke…
mouth
9 terms
Digestion
digestive system
mouth
mechanical digestion
chemical digestion
breaks down food into energy cells can use
breaks down food into smaller pieces
break down food to smaller pieces and moving
break down food at the molecular level with stomach acids and…
digestive system
breaks down food into energy cells can use
mouth
breaks down food into smaller pieces
17 terms
Digestion
mouth
salivary glands
esophagus
Stomach
Where food enters and the process of digestion begins.
produce saliva which helps to moisten food and contains enzym…
muscular tube connecting the mouth to the stomach
muscular organ, can store food as physical digestion continue…
mouth
Where food enters and the process of digestion begins.
salivary glands
produce saliva which helps to moisten food and contains enzym…
71 terms
Digestion
mechanical digestion
chemical digestion
digestion
water
This type of digestion involves the physical breakdown of foo…
This type of digestion involves the chemical breakdown of foo…
The process of breaking down food for absorption into the body
Makes up about two-thirds of our bodies.
mechanical digestion
This type of digestion involves the physical breakdown of foo…
chemical digestion
This type of digestion involves the chemical breakdown of foo…
206 terms
Digestion
T/F: All salivary glands have mucous c…
What are the two types of salivary sec…
In which species is salivary amylase p…
What are the major differences between…
False
Serous and mucous... Parotid - S... Submand and Sublingual - S and…
Pigs
Ruminant - more Na+ and HCO3-... Equine - more Cl- and Ca2+
T/F: All salivary glands have mucous c…
False
What are the two types of salivary sec…
Serous and mucous... Parotid - S... Submand and Sublingual - S and…
16 terms
Digestion
mouth
Esophagus
Stomach
Liver
mouth
Esophagus
17 terms
Digestion
mouth
salivary glands
oesophagus
Stomach
Where food enters and the process of digestion begins.
produce saliva which helps to moisten food and contains enzym…
muscular tube connecting the mouth to the stomach
muscular organ, can store food as physical digestion continue…
mouth
Where food enters and the process of digestion begins.
salivary glands
produce saliva which helps to moisten food and contains enzym…
17 terms
Digestion
mouth
salivary glands
oesophagus
Stomach
Where food enters and the process of digestion begins.
produce saliva which helps to moisten food and contains enzym…
muscular tube connecting the mouth to the stomach
muscular organ, can store food as physical digestion continue…
mouth
Where food enters and the process of digestion begins.
salivary glands
produce saliva which helps to moisten food and contains enzym…
Digestion
mouth
salivary glands
oesophagus
Stomach
Where food enters and the process of digestion begins.
produce saliva which helps to moisten food and contains enzym…
muscular tube connecting the mouth to the stomach
muscular organ, can store food as physical digestion continue…
mouth
Where food enters and the process of digestion begins.
salivary glands
produce saliva which helps to moisten food and contains enzym…
DIGESTION
Peristalsis
Mouth
Esophagus
Epiglottis
Involuntary waves of muscle contraction that keep food moving…
Beginning opening to the digestive system (where digestion be…
A muscular tube that connects the mouth to the stomach.
A flab of tissue that prevents food from entering the trachea…
Peristalsis
Involuntary waves of muscle contraction that keep food moving…
Mouth
Beginning opening to the digestive system (where digestion be…
12 terms
Digestion
digestion
esophagus
stomach
small intestine
Breaking down food that we eat into energy.
Connects mouth to stomach
The first stop for food. Breaks down food with acid.
Absorbs nutrients
digestion
Breaking down food that we eat into energy.
esophagus
Connects mouth to stomach
20 terms
Digestion
Ingestion
Digestion
Egestion
Mouth
Food taken in
Food broken down to soluble molecules
Waste materials removed from body
Makes saliva, chews food
Ingestion
Food taken in
Digestion
Food broken down to soluble molecules
19 terms
Digestion
enzyme in saliva that breaks down Long…
place where food is ingested and broke…
peristalsis
an enlarged, muscular saclike organ of…
salivary amylase
mouth
rhythmic muscular contractions that squeeze food through oeso…
stomach
enzyme in saliva that breaks down Long…
salivary amylase
place where food is ingested and broke…
mouth
14 terms
Digestion
Enzyme
Protease
Amylase
Lipase
A type of protein that speeds up a chemical reaction in a liv…
enzyme that digests protein
Enzyme in saliva that breaks the chemical bonds in starches
breaks down fats
Enzyme
A type of protein that speeds up a chemical reaction in a liv…
Protease
enzyme that digests protein
20 terms
Digestion
mouth
teeth
oesophagus
sphincter
where food enters the body
used to cut and grind food into smaller pieces
Tube that leads from the mouth to the stomach (gullet)
a ring of muscle that acts like a door
mouth
where food enters the body
teeth
used to cut and grind food into smaller pieces
17 terms
Digestion
enzyme in saliva that breaks down star…
place where food is masticated ... (broke…
peristalsis
an enlarged, muscular saclike organ wh…
amylase
mouth
rhythmic muscular contractions that squeeze food through oeso…
stomach
enzyme in saliva that breaks down star…
amylase
place where food is masticated ... (broke…
mouth
Digestion
Digestion
Mouth
Chemical Digestion
Mechanical Digestion
Breakdown of food by mechanical and chemical means into small…
where digestion begins
food is broken down by enzymes into smaller substances that c…
involves chewing food to break it down
Digestion
Breakdown of food by mechanical and chemical means into small…
Mouth
where digestion begins
49 terms
Digestion
nuitrition
life processes
nuitrients
Roughage (fiber)
includes those activities in which an organism obtains and pr…
obtaining energy, growth, repair, reproduction, movement
Substance your body needs in order to function properly
materials not digested (not chemically changed)... Used to allow…
nuitrition
includes those activities in which an organism obtains and pr…
life processes
obtaining energy, growth, repair, reproduction, movement
18 terms
Digestion
Digestion
Mouth
Chemical Digestion
Mechanical Digestion
Breakdown of food by mechanical and chemical means into small…
where digestion begins
food is broken down by enzymes into smaller substances that c…
involves chewing food to break it down
Digestion
Breakdown of food by mechanical and chemical means into small…
Mouth
where digestion begins
16 terms
Digestion
Mouth
Salivary glands
Amylase
Esophagus
A body opening through which food (and air) enters the body o…
Glands that produce enzymes that aid in the breakdown of star…
An enzyme in the saliva and pancreatic juice that breaks down…
The passage between the pharynx and the stomach
Mouth
A body opening through which food (and air) enters the body o…
Salivary glands
Glands that produce enzymes that aid in the breakdown of star…
11 terms
Digestion
Digestion
Absorption
Mouth
Mechanical Digestion
The process in which your body breaks down food into small nu…
The process in which nutrient molecules pass through the wall…
Mechanical and chemical digestion begin here
The process in which food is cut, broken, and chewed
Digestion
The process in which your body breaks down food into small nu…
Absorption
The process in which nutrient molecules pass through the wall…
59 terms
Digestion
Functions of the Digestive System
Parts of Digestion
Four layers of Digestive Tract
Mucosal Layer
Ingestion, Digestion, Absorption, Excretion
mechanical and chemical
Mucosal, Submucosal, Muscle, Serosa
Innermost layer that secretes the mucus, digestive enzymes an…
Functions of the Digestive System
Ingestion, Digestion, Absorption, Excretion
Parts of Digestion
mechanical and chemical
20 terms
digestion
Digestive system functions
Digestion
mechanical digestion
chemical digestion
Breaks down food into molecules.... molecules are absorbed into…
the process by which your body breaks down food into small nu…
foods are physically broken down into smaller pieces. ex. bit…
chemicals produced by the body breaks down food into their sm…
Digestive system functions
Breaks down food into molecules.... molecules are absorbed into…
Digestion
the process by which your body breaks down food into small nu…
18 terms
Digestion
digestion
absorption
saliva
enzymes
the process by which your body breaks down food into small nu…
the process by which nutrient molecules pass through the wall…
the fluid released when your mouth waters
proteins that speed up chemical reactions in your body
digestion
the process by which your body breaks down food into small nu…
absorption
the process by which nutrient molecules pass through the wall…
8 terms
Digestion
bile
saliva
peristalisis
Enzymes
produced by liver and breaks up fat
the fluid released when the mouth water that plays an importa…
involuntary waves of muscles contraction that keep moving thr…
proteins that speeds up chemicals reaction in the body
bile
produced by liver and breaks up fat
saliva
the fluid released when the mouth water that plays an importa…
25 terms
Digestion
Digestion
Extracellular digestion
Intracellular digestion
Physical (mechanical) digestion
The process in which food is broken down, it can be physical…
The name of digestion that takes place outside of the cells
The name of digestion that takes place inside the cells
The type of digestion where large pieces of food become small…
Digestion
The process in which food is broken down, it can be physical…
Extracellular digestion
The name of digestion that takes place outside of the cells
22 terms
Digestion
digestive system
mouth
mechanical digestion
chemical digestion
breaking down food into a form of energy absorbed by the bloo…
breaks down food into smaller pieces, starts mechanical and c…
physically breaking down food into smaller pieces by chewing,…
breaking food down at the molecular level (with saliva and st…
digestive system
breaking down food into a form of energy absorbed by the bloo…
mouth
breaks down food into smaller pieces, starts mechanical and c…
18 terms
Digestion
Faeces
Large intestine
Rectum
Villi
The waste product of the human digestive system including bac…
The last section of the digestive system, where water is abso…
The end of the large intestine where waste material is compre…
Millions of tiny finger-shaped structures that cover the inne…
Faeces
The waste product of the human digestive system including bac…
Large intestine
The last section of the digestive system, where water is abso…
18 terms
digestion
mouth
oesophagus
stomach
pancreas
Oral cavity; opening to the digestive tract, or alimentary ca…
The muscular tube that carries food from the mouth to the sto…
A muscular organ that mixes food and passes it to the small i…
An organ of the digestive system that produces a fluid that n…
mouth
Oral cavity; opening to the digestive tract, or alimentary ca…
oesophagus
The muscular tube that carries food from the mouth to the sto…
93 terms
Digestion
Enzyme
Active site
Allosteric effector
Allosteric site
Protein that living things use to catalyze/speed up chemical…
Portion of the enzyme molecule that chemically fits the subst…
A molecule or other agent that alters enzyme function by chan…
Site on the enzyme that changes the shape of an active site
Enzyme
Protein that living things use to catalyze/speed up chemical…
Active site
Portion of the enzyme molecule that chemically fits the subst…
34 terms
Digestion
mouth
salivary glands
oesophagus
Stomach
Where food enters and the process of digestion begins.
produce saliva which helps to moisten food and contains enzym…
muscular tube connecting the mouth to the stomach
muscular organ, can store food as physical digestion continue…
mouth
Where food enters and the process of digestion begins.
salivary glands
produce saliva which helps to moisten food and contains enzym…
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