Study sets matching "digestive system functional anatomy"

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Study sets matching "digestive system functional anatomy"

23 terms
Digestive System - Functional Anatomy
Mouth
Tongue
Salivary Glands
Extrinsic salivary glands -
oral/buccal cavity... lined with stratified squamous epithelia -…
grips food, mixes food with saliva, compacts food into bolus,…
secret saliva
produce majority of saliva... - parotid, submandibular, sublingu…
Mouth
oral/buccal cavity... lined with stratified squamous epithelia -…
Tongue
grips food, mixes food with saliva, compacts food into bolus,…
97 terms
Functional Human Anatomy - Digestive System
Ingestion
mechanical processing
digestion
secretion
occurs when materials enter digestive tract via the mouth
crushing and shearing
chemical breakdown of food into small organic fragments for a…
release of water, acids, enzymes, buffers, and salts... by epith…
Ingestion
occurs when materials enter digestive tract via the mouth
mechanical processing
crushing and shearing
The Digestive System Anatomy/Functions
Digestion
Enzymes
Alimentary Canal
Mucosa
the process of changing complex solid foods into simpler solu…
chemical substance that promote chemical reactions in living…
-digestive tract or gastrointestinal tract (GI Tract)... -30 ft…
innermost layer secretes mucous which lubricates canal and pr…
Digestion
the process of changing complex solid foods into simpler solu…
Enzymes
chemical substance that promote chemical reactions in living…
18 terms
Digestive System - Anatomy and Function
Appendic/o
Chol/e
Cyst/o
Esophag/o
Appendix
Bile, Gallbladder
Sac,Bag
Esophagus
Appendic/o
Appendix
Chol/e
Bile, Gallbladder
12 terms
Digestive System Anatomy/Functions
Oral Cavity with Teeth and Salivary Gl…
Esophagus
Stomach
Duodenum of Small Intestine
Mechanically (chewing) and chemically (amylase & other enzyme…
Transports food to stomach
Chemically breaks down food with hydrochloric acid and enzyme…
Receives food from stomach along with enzymes and digestive j…
Oral Cavity with Teeth and Salivary Gl…
Mechanically (chewing) and chemically (amylase & other enzyme…
Esophagus
Transports food to stomach
Functions and Anatomy of the Digestive System
functions of the Digestive System
Ingestion
mastification
digestion
ingestion, mastication, digestion, propulsion, secretion, abs…
introduction of food into the stomach
chewing. chemical digestion requires large surface area so br…
mechanical and chemica
functions of the Digestive System
ingestion, mastication, digestion, propulsion, secretion, abs…
Ingestion
introduction of food into the stomach
56 terms
Functional anatomy of Digestive System
Tongue
Saliva
Saliva composition
Submandibular
mainly muscles, has taste buds
cleanses mouth, aids tastability by dissolving food, moisten…
97%-99.5% water... -amylases (breakdown starch) ... -antibodies
duct to bottom front
Tongue
mainly muscles, has taste buds
Saliva
cleanses mouth, aids tastability by dissolving food, moisten…
Anatomy - Digestive System Functions
Ingestion
Propulsion
Food Breakdown-Mechanical
Food Breakdown-Chemical
Food enters mouth; voluntary, active process
Food movement from one organ to another; relies on peristalsi…
Segmentation in small intestine-moves food back and forth wal…
Sequence of steps in which food is broken down to building bl…
Ingestion
Food enters mouth; voluntary, active process
Propulsion
Food movement from one organ to another; relies on peristalsi…
Anatomy: Functions of the Digestive System
Tounge
Esphogus
Stomach
Liver
The mouth is the beginning of the digestive tract; and digest…
Located in your throat near your trachea (windpipe), the esop…
The stomach is a hollow organ, or "container," that holds foo…
The liver has multiple functions, but its main function withi…
Tounge
The mouth is the beginning of the digestive tract; and digest…
Esphogus
Located in your throat near your trachea (windpipe), the esop…
31 terms
4 - functional anatomy of digestive system
Lined with stratified squamous epithel…
This produces the majority of saliva,…
This is mostly water, 98%, slightly ac…
Lined with simple columnar epithelium,…
Mouth, pharynx
Extrinsic salivary glands
Saliva
Stomach
Lined with stratified squamous epithel…
Mouth, pharynx
This produces the majority of saliva,…
Extrinsic salivary glands
14 terms
Digestive System Anatomy & Functions
Ingestion
Propulsion
Mechanical Breakdown
Digestion
Eating -Taking in food via the mouth.
Movement of food along the digestive tract.
Physical breakdown of food.
Break down of chemical bonds in nutrients using enzymes and a…
Ingestion
Eating -Taking in food via the mouth.
Propulsion
Movement of food along the digestive tract.
Rat Anatomy - Digestive System & Function
Salivary Glands
Hard palate
Soft palate
Esophagus
Secrete digestive enzymes
Separates oral from nasal cavity
Fleshy continuation from hard palate
Transports food to stomach
Salivary Glands
Secrete digestive enzymes
Hard palate
Separates oral from nasal cavity
10 terms
Digestive System2: Functional Anatomy
Mouth
soft palate
parotid
sublingual
Function: ingest food, swallowing - stratified squamous epith…
skeletal muscle: rises to close off nasopharynx when we swallow
salivary gland: most serous / watery secretions
salivary gland: mixed serous & mucous secretions
Mouth
Function: ingest food, swallowing - stratified squamous epith…
soft palate
skeletal muscle: rises to close off nasopharynx when we swallow
16 terms
Human Anatomy- The digestive system functions.
Teeth
Tongue
Uvula
Salivary Glands
-Mechanical Digestion
- Moves stuff around and helps swallow
- gagging mechanism and helps things from going up your nose.
- chemical digestion and lubricates the esophagus.
Teeth
-Mechanical Digestion
Tongue
- Moves stuff around and helps swallow
7 terms
Anatomy: Digestive System- General Functions
Mechanical digestion
Chemical digestion
Carbohydrates
Proteins
Breakdown of food from larger particles into smaller ones
Conversion of food particles into absorbable nutrients
Turns into glucose in 3-4 hours
Turn into amino acids in 6 hours
Mechanical digestion
Breakdown of food from larger particles into smaller ones
Chemical digestion
Conversion of food particles into absorbable nutrients
Digestive System: Internal Anatomy and Functions
liver
cystic duct
urinary bladder
rectum
metabolism, detox, production of bile
connects gallbladder and hepatic duct
stores urine
stores feces
liver
metabolism, detox, production of bile
cystic duct
connects gallbladder and hepatic duct
Anatomy: The Digestive System- Functions of Organs
Appendix
Spleen
Large Intestine
Small Intestine
filters good and bad bacteria
filters blood
holds waste products until ready to be removed
90% of nutrient absorption occurs here... nutrients are sent to…
Appendix
filters good and bad bacteria
Spleen
filters blood
Anatomy: Respiratory and Digestive System Functions
Ext. nares
Nasal cavity
Oral cavity
Trachea
Takes in air and scent
Passage way of nose
Passage way of mouth
Carries air from mouth and sinuses to brochii
Ext. nares
Takes in air and scent
Nasal cavity
Passage way of nose
CHS Anatomy: Unit 7- Digestive System: Digestive Functions
teeth
tongue
gallbladder
pancreas
tear, grind food
moves, mixes food into bolus
stores bile
secretes enzymes
teeth
tear, grind food
tongue
moves, mixes food into bolus
Anatomy: Major Functions of the Digestive System
Ingestion
Mechanical Processing
digestion
secretion
the consumption of food
mastication and muscle action
chemical processing by enzymes
fluids that aid digestion
Ingestion
the consumption of food
Mechanical Processing
mastication and muscle action
249 terms
Anatomy Test 8: Functional Anatomy of the Digestive System
Buccal Cavity
Mouth
Vestibule
Lip/Cheek, Gum
What is another name for mouth?
What is another name for buccal cavity?
What is the name for the space between the lip/cheek and the…
The vestibule in the mouth is a space between the ______ and…
Buccal Cavity
What is another name for mouth?
Mouth
What is another name for buccal cavity?
Exam 4: Functional Anatomy (Digestive System)
Mouth cavity (oral cavity)
tongue
Salivary glands
parotid
-rimmed by hard and soft palate and cheeks... tongue
assists in mixing food, forms food into a bolus (an undigeste…
1.parotid... 2.submandibular... sublingual
largest, mumps (viral
Mouth cavity (oral cavity)
-rimmed by hard and soft palate and cheeks... tongue
tongue
assists in mixing food, forms food into a bolus (an undigeste…
47 terms
Exercise 25-Functional Anatomy of the Digestive System
Digestive System
Digestion
Absorption
Alimentary canal (Gastrointestinal GI…
provides the body with the nutrients essential for health.... th…
before ingested food is available to body cells, it must be b…
when the digested end products can pass through the epithelia…
mouth, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small and large intestine…
Digestive System
provides the body with the nutrients essential for health.... th…
Digestion
before ingested food is available to body cells, it must be b…
Basic Functional Anatomy of Digestive System in Monogastric Animal
mouth
esophagus
stomach
small intestine
bites and breaks down food in smaller particles; saliva prese…
guides food from mouth to stomach with involuntary muscular c…
enzymes act on feed; churns and mixes feed
partially digested feed is mixed with bile, pancreatic juice…
mouth
bites and breaks down food in smaller particles; saliva prese…
esophagus
guides food from mouth to stomach with involuntary muscular c…
Basic Functional Anatomy of Digestive System in Ruminant Animals
stomach
rumen
ruminants
reticulum
Multi-compartmented; rumen, reticulum, omasum, abomasum
bacteria change large amounts of roughage into amino acids; l…
well known for "cud chewing"; Belching is how _________ get r…
take in liquids that soak food for microbial digestion; inter…
stomach
Multi-compartmented; rumen, reticulum, omasum, abomasum
rumen
bacteria change large amounts of roughage into amino acids; l…
KPE 370 Digestive system Ib - functional anatomy
the mouth is the only part of the alim…
most digestive functions associated wi…
food is chewed and mixed with saliva c…
the mouth also begins the ___ process…
ingestion
the teeth, salivary glands and tongue
chemical
propulsive
the mouth is the only part of the alim…
ingestion
most digestive functions associated wi…
the teeth, salivary glands and tongue
13 terms
Marieb 25: Functional Anatomy of the Digestive System
digestive system
digestion
absorption
GI tract and accessory organs
provides the body with the nutrients essential for health; in…
breaking food into smaller molecules
the taking up of digested products by the epithelial cells to…
two classifications of organs of digestive system
digestive system
provides the body with the nutrients essential for health; in…
digestion
breaking food into smaller molecules
83 terms
Exercise 25: Functional Anatomy of the Digestive System
Subdivisions of the MUCOSA layer:
Subdivisions of the SUBMUCOSA layer:
Subdivisions of the MUSCULARIS EXTERNA…
Subdivisions of the SEROSA layer:
Surface epithelium, lamina propria, muscularis mucosae
None
Circulatory (inner layer) and outer layer (longitudinal)
Visercal peritoneum, mesothelium, and adventitia (epithelium…
Subdivisions of the MUCOSA layer:
Surface epithelium, lamina propria, muscularis mucosae
Subdivisions of the SUBMUCOSA layer:
None
Fetal Pig: External Anatomy & Digestive System- Functions
Difference between female and male
Umbilical cord
Periderm
Pinna (outer ear)
Female- second opening below the anus... Male- no second opening
structure extending from the middle of the abdominal activity
layer of very thin flaking skin... embryonic skin layer that slo…
collects sound
Difference between female and male
Female- second opening below the anus... Male- no second opening
Umbilical cord
structure extending from the middle of the abdominal activity
58 terms
functional anatomy of the digestive system (mouth and associated organs)
the anterior opening of the mouth (ora…
posteriorly, the oral cavity is contin…
the cells of the mouth are lined with…
characteristics of the epithelium of t…
oral orifice
oropharynx
stratified squamous epithelium
slightly keratinized for extra protection against abrasion du…
the anterior opening of the mouth (ora…
oral orifice
posteriorly, the oral cavity is contin…
oropharynx
Functions of Digestive System (Digestions)
Ingestion
Digestion
Mechanical Digestion
Chemical Digestion
Taking in of food
Breakdown of large particles into smaller ones
Physical breakdown of food by tearing, cutting or grinding (c…
Breakdown of large molecules into smaller ones by chemical re…
Ingestion
Taking in of food
Digestion
Breakdown of large particles into smaller ones
84 terms
Ex25 functional anatomy of the digestive system
Parts of the body that make up the ali…
Parts of the body that make up the acc…
Salivary amylase
The three pairs of salivary glands tha…
Mouth, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small and large intestine…
Teeth, tongue, salivary glands, liver, gallbladder and pancreas
First chemical released in digestion that breaks down carbs a…
Parotid, sublingual and submandibular
Parts of the body that make up the ali…
Mouth, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small and large intestine…
Parts of the body that make up the acc…
Teeth, tongue, salivary glands, liver, gallbladder and pancreas
149 terms
Human Anatomy - Digestive System
Parotid, Sublingual, and Submandibular…
Alimentary Canal and Accessory Organs
Tongue, Teeth, Salivary Glands, Liver,…
20% of alcohol, aspirin
What are the three salivary glands in the mouth?
What does the digestive system consist of?
What are the accessory organs of the digestive system?
What nutrients does the stomach acquire?
Parotid, Sublingual, and Submandibular…
What are the three salivary glands in the mouth?
Alimentary Canal and Accessory Organs
What does the digestive system consist of?
63 terms
Digestive System Anatomy
Soft Palate
Uvula
Palatine Tonsils
Oropharynx
Letter B represents
Leter C represents
Letter D represents
E =
Soft Palate
Letter B represents
Uvula
Leter C represents
Anatomy of Digestive System
oral cavity (mouth)
pharynx
esophagus
stomach
10 inches long
oral cavity (mouth)
pharynx
274 terms
Digestive System Anatomy and Physiology
Hard Palate
Soft Palate
Uvula
Palatine Tonsils
Letter A represents
Letter B represents
Leter C represents
Letter D represents
Hard Palate
Letter A represents
Soft Palate
Letter B represents
10 terms
Horse Science - Anatomy and Function of Digestive System
ruminant, gut fermenting herbivore
simple
cecum and large intestine
hindgut
describe horse in digestive terms
the horse has a ____ stomach, like a human or pig
what makes up the hind gut
where fermentation happens
ruminant, gut fermenting herbivore
describe horse in digestive terms
simple
the horse has a ____ stomach, like a human or pig
Anatomy Digestive System Structures/Functions Quiz
Tongue
Mouth
Tooth
Liver
rough projections (papillae) provide friction when handling f…
receives food and begins mechanical digestion by reducing the…
break food into smaller pieces,increases surface area of a fo…
secretes bile and detoxifies alcohol... responsible for protein…
Tongue
rough projections (papillae) provide friction when handling f…
Mouth
receives food and begins mechanical digestion by reducing the…
77 terms
Digestive System Anatomy
Pharynx
Oropharynx
Oral cavity
Alimentary Canal
connects ears, nose, and throat
Section of pharynx through which bolus travels when it exits…
major organs through which food travles: Mouth, Pharynx, Esop…
Pharynx
connects ears, nose, and throat
Oropharynx
Section of pharynx through which bolus travels when it exits…
Unit 4 - The Digestive System and Metabolism (Anatomy and Functions)
Major Parts of the GastroIntestinal Tr…
Accessory Organs
Major Parts of the Mouth / Jaw
Parts of the Maxilla
1. Mouth / Jaw... 2. Pharynx... 3. Esophagus... 4. Stomach... 5. Small in…
-Pancreas... -Liver... -Gallbladder
-Mandible... -Maxilla... -Teeth... -Tongue... -Uvula... -Salivary glands
1. Hard palate... 2. Soft palate
Major Parts of the GastroIntestinal Tr…
1. Mouth / Jaw... 2. Pharynx... 3. Esophagus... 4. Stomach... 5. Small in…
Accessory Organs
-Pancreas... -Liver... -Gallbladder
Exercise 25-Functional Anatomy of the Digestive System
Digestive System
Digestion
Absorption
Alimentary canal (Gastrointestinal GI…
provides the body with the nutrients essential for health.... th…
before ingested food is available to body cells, it must be b…
when the digested end products can pass through the epithelia…
mouth, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small and large intestine…
Digestive System
provides the body with the nutrients essential for health.... th…
Digestion
before ingested food is available to body cells, it must be b…
16 terms
anatomy lab: respiratory and digestive system functions
nares
oral cavity
trachea
thyroid cartilage
entrance for air
entrance for air and food
has cartilage rings; provides air flow to the lungs
framework of larynx
nares
entrance for air
oral cavity
entrance for air and food
120 terms
Chapter 21: The Digestive System (Anatomy and Functions)
Fistula
GI tract: walls/lining? ends?
Primary function of the GI tract
What sorts of molecules do we ingest?…
Opening to the lumen
long tube running through body; muscle walls/epithelial linin…
to move nutrients, water and electrolytes from the external e…
-We ingest macromolecules (proteins, complex carbs) that must…
Fistula
Opening to the lumen
GI tract: walls/lining? ends?
long tube running through body; muscle walls/epithelial linin…
72 terms
Human Anatomy; Chapter 25-Digestive System functions
What is bringing food and liquids into…
What is chewing and swallowing food?
What is the chemical breakdown of food…
What is the secretion of products by t…
ingestion
mechanical processing
digestion
secretion
What is bringing food and liquids into…
ingestion
What is chewing and swallowing food?
mechanical processing
Digestive System Function
gastrointestinal tract (GI)
alimentary canal
mastication
deglutition
...
function of the tube-like nature of the majority of the diges…
breaking down food by chewing
lubrication of food to make swallowing easier
gastrointestinal tract (GI)
...
alimentary canal
function of the tube-like nature of the majority of the diges…
108 terms
Ch. 14 Digestive System Anatomy
Hard Palate
Soft Palate
Uvula
Palatine Tonsils
Letter A represents
Letter B represents
Leter C represents
Letter D represents
Hard Palate
Letter A represents
Soft Palate
Letter B represents
12 terms
HESI Exam Anatomy (Functions of the Digestive System)
Function of Digestive System (gastroin…
DI tract
Mouth
Pharynx and Esophagus
Break down of food to a form that can be used by body cells.…
30 ft long, is not sterile system because it is open to the o…
Digest food 10-20 sec using salivary amylase and turns starch…
Produces mucus to lubricate
Function of Digestive System (gastroin…
Break down of food to a form that can be used by body cells.…
DI tract
30 ft long, is not sterile system because it is open to the o…
63 terms
Ch. 23(1) Digestive System: Overview/Functional Anatomy
functions of digestive system
2 groups of organs
alimentary canal/GI tract
accessory digestive organs
take in food... break foodstuff down into nutrient molecules... abs…
alimentary canal/GI tract... accessory digestive organs
mouth to anus... digests food and absorbs fragments... *mouth, phar…
teeth, tongue, gallbladder... digestive glands - *salivary gla…
functions of digestive system
take in food... break foodstuff down into nutrient molecules... abs…
2 groups of organs
alimentary canal/GI tract... accessory digestive organs
Functions of the Digestive System Organs
Teeth
Epiglottis
Liver
Gallbladder
To cut, tear and grind food.
To block food and water from entering the pharynx.
To filter toxins from blood and it makes bile.
To store and release bile into the small intestine.
Teeth
To cut, tear and grind food.
Epiglottis
To block food and water from entering the pharynx.
93 terms
Digestive System Anatomy Vocabulary
Digestion
Alimentary Canal or Gastrointestinal (…
Mucosa Layer
Submucosa Layer
Chemical and/or physical decomposition (break down)
Tube structure opened on both ends and forms the digestive sy…
Innermost layer of the GI tract made of three layers; mucous…
The layer of the GI tract that contains numerous small glands…
Digestion
Chemical and/or physical decomposition (break down)
Alimentary Canal or Gastrointestinal (…
Tube structure opened on both ends and forms the digestive sy…
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