Study sets matching "digestive system nutrition"

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Study sets matching "digestive system nutrition"

5 terms
Health: Nutrition ~ The Digestive System
Mouth
Esophagus
Stomach
Small Intestine
has teeth and saliva to break food down
this tube transfers food from the mouth to the stomach
has acid and muscular walls that work together to slosh food…
absorbs nutrients from food into your body through villi
Mouth
has teeth and saliva to break food down
Esophagus
this tube transfers food from the mouth to the stomach
47 terms
Digestive System & Nutrition
6 Basic Processes of Digestion
Digestion
Absorption
Gastrointestinal (GI) Tract
ingestion, secretion, mixing and propulsion, digestion, absor…
breakdown of larger food molecules into smaller molecules
passage of these smaller molecules into blood and lymph
tube through which foods pass and where digestion and absorpt…
6 Basic Processes of Digestion
ingestion, secretion, mixing and propulsion, digestion, absor…
Digestion
breakdown of larger food molecules into smaller molecules
48 terms
Biology Nutrition and Digestive system
heterotrophs
Nutrients
Nutrition
Digestion
organisms that obtain their food from their environment and c…
Substances that provide energy and materials needed for metab…
The process by which organisms obtain food and break it down
the breakdown of food molecules into a form cells can use (of…
heterotrophs
organisms that obtain their food from their environment and c…
Nutrients
Substances that provide energy and materials needed for metab…
18 terms
Digestive system and nutrition test
Mouth
5 tastes
Uvula
Throat/pharynx
mechanical digestion- tongue, teeth; chemical digestion- sali…
sweet, sour, bitter, salty, umami
stops large pieces of food from entering esophagus
connects mouth and esophagus
Mouth
mechanical digestion- tongue, teeth; chemical digestion- sali…
5 tastes
sweet, sour, bitter, salty, umami
30 terms
Digestive System and Nutrition
Digestion
Absorption
Saliva
amylase
The process by which the body breaks down food into small nut…
The process by which nutrients pass from the digestive system…
lubricates food, kills some bacteria, and contains amylase
an enzyme in saliva that starts to chemically break down star…
Digestion
The process by which the body breaks down food into small nut…
Absorption
The process by which nutrients pass from the digestive system…
Nutrition- digestive systems and digestion
digestion
kinds of salivary glands
esophageal region
cardiac region
preparation of food for absorption
1. parotid... 2.sub maxillary/sub mandibular... 3. sublingual
no secretions
'mucus secreting cells'
digestion
preparation of food for absorption
kinds of salivary glands
1. parotid... 2.sub maxillary/sub mandibular... 3. sublingual
15 terms
Digestive System and Nutrition
Oral cavity
teeth
tongue
salivary glands
contain the teeth tongue and salivary glands Digestion / both…
help to mash rip and grind the food to aid mechanical digestion
muscle that helps to move food around the mouth to effectivel…
glands in the mouth that secrete saliva to help to moisten fo…
Oral cavity
contain the teeth tongue and salivary glands Digestion / both…
teeth
help to mash rip and grind the food to aid mechanical digestion
59 terms
Nutrition, Digestion, Digestive System
Nutrients
What will the body use nutrients for?
Carbohydrates
Examples of carbohydrates:
Chemicals that make up the food you eat
To maintain life
The main source of energy for your cells
Main: pasta, rice, bread, potato... Secondary: fruits, veggies ;…
Nutrients
Chemicals that make up the food you eat
What will the body use nutrients for?
To maintain life
9 terms
digestive system (nutrition)
1. Mouth and salivary glands
2. esophagus
3. stomach
4. liver
1. chew food... 2. perceive taste... 3. moisten food with saliva... 4.…
1. lubricate with mucus... 2. move food to stomach by peristalti…
1. store, mix, dissolve and continue digestion of food... 2. dis…
1. produce bile to aid fat digestion and absorption
1. Mouth and salivary glands
1. chew food... 2. perceive taste... 3. moisten food with saliva... 4.…
2. esophagus
1. lubricate with mucus... 2. move food to stomach by peristalti…
nutrition and human digestive system
nutrition
autotrophic nutrition
heterotrophic nutrition
minerals
process by which organisms take in required nutrients
organisms that make their food; photosynthesis; h2o + co2 ->…
organisms that must get their food from environment; eat; res…
chemical elements needed in small amounts for every chemical…
nutrition
process by which organisms take in required nutrients
autotrophic nutrition
organisms that make their food; photosynthesis; h2o + co2 ->…
44 terms
Nutrition chapter 3 digestive system
digestive system
absorption
digestion
gastrointestinal tract
System consisting of the gastrointestinal tract and accesorry…
The process by which substances are taken up from the GI trac…
Process by which large ingested molecules are mechanically an…
main sites in the body used for digestion and absorption of n…
digestive system
System consisting of the gastrointestinal tract and accesorry…
absorption
The process by which substances are taken up from the GI trac…
51 terms
Adv Nutrition Digestive System
4 layers of the digestive tract (outer…
Mouth
Saliva
Esophagus
serosa, muscle layers, submucosa, mucosa
where food is masticated. contains salivatory glands.
Contains: water, electrolytes, mucus, enzymes (alpha amylase…
Moves bolus from oral cavity to stomach.
4 layers of the digestive tract (outer…
serosa, muscle layers, submucosa, mucosa
Mouth
where food is masticated. contains salivatory glands.
35 terms
Nutrition/Digestive System
3 integumentary system functions
Top & bottom layer of skin
The word "derm" means:
How do you take care of your skin?
covers & protects, helps control body temperature, & excretes…
epidermis & dermis
skin
wash & use sunscreen
3 integumentary system functions
covers & protects, helps control body temperature, & excretes…
Top & bottom layer of skin
epidermis & dermis
15 terms
Nutrition and the Digestive System
oral cavity
job of teeth and tongue
esophagus
peristalsis
consists of teeth, tongue, and saliva
mechanical digestion, increases surface area of food
peristalsis, A muscular tube that connects the mouth to the s…
why we can eat upside down, muscle wave pushes food
oral cavity
consists of teeth, tongue, and saliva
job of teeth and tongue
mechanical digestion, increases surface area of food
25 terms
Digestive System and Nutrition Test
Carbohydrates
Fiber
Excretory System
Kidneys
An essential nutrient, starches, and sugars that provide ener…
A complex carbohydrate that the body cannot break or use for…
The body system the removes wastes from the body and controls…
Organs that remove waste material, including salts, from the…
Carbohydrates
An essential nutrient, starches, and sugars that provide ener…
Fiber
A complex carbohydrate that the body cannot break or use for…
26 terms
Nutrition and the Digestive System
nutrients
protein
amino acids
carbohydrates
substances in foods that provide energy and materials for cel…
large molecules that contain carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrog…
The building blocks of proteins.
Nutrient that serves as the main source of energy for your bo…
nutrients
substances in foods that provide energy and materials for cel…
protein
large molecules that contain carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrog…
Nutrition and digestive system
Nutrition
Nutrients
Carbohydrate
Lipids
Science if how food affects living organisms
The substances in food that provide energy or raw material th…
Main source of energy in body ex. Potato, pasta , fruit, vege…
Provide stored energy and helps your body store vitamins ex.…
Nutrition
Science if how food affects living organisms
Nutrients
The substances in food that provide energy or raw material th…
Digestive System and Nutrition
Muscles
Digestive System
Carbon
C3H8
The esophagus ______ move food and liquid into the stomach
The esophagus, stomach, small intestines, gall bladder, pancr…
The element that all organic compounds contain
An example of an organic compound
Muscles
The esophagus ______ move food and liquid into the stomach
Digestive System
The esophagus, stomach, small intestines, gall bladder, pancr…
48 terms
Digestive System and Nutrition
Stages of the digestive system..
Ingestion
Digestion
Absorption
ingestion, digestion, absorption, elimination
process of putting food into your mouth
mechanical and chemical breakdown of food
movement of organic substrates, electrolytes, vitamins, and w…
Stages of the digestive system..
ingestion, digestion, absorption, elimination
Ingestion
process of putting food into your mouth
41 terms
Nutrition & Digestive System
Basal Metabolic Rate
Standard Metabolic Rate
Undernourished
Malnourished
The minimum amount of energy required by the body in a day (c…
The metabolic rate of a resting, fasting, and nonstressed ect…
the condition in which not enough calories are ingested to ma…
having bad health or having poor nutrition
Basal Metabolic Rate
The minimum amount of energy required by the body in a day (c…
Standard Metabolic Rate
The metabolic rate of a resting, fasting, and nonstressed ect…
Digestive System and Nutrition
nutrition
enzyme
peristalsis
duodenum
substances in food that provide energy and materials for cell…
a type of protein that speeds up the rate of a chemical react…
waves of muscle contraction that moves materials in the body
first part of the small intestine
nutrition
substances in food that provide energy and materials for cell…
enzyme
a type of protein that speeds up the rate of a chemical react…
36 terms
Digestive System and Nutrition Review
mechanical digestion
amylase
bolus
chyme
physically breaking the food into smaller pieces
an enzyme, found chiefly in saliva and pancreatic fluid, that…
a small rounded mass of a substance, especially of chewed foo…
the pulpy acidic fluid that passes from the stomach to the sm…
mechanical digestion
physically breaking the food into smaller pieces
amylase
an enzyme, found chiefly in saliva and pancreatic fluid, that…
Nutrition, Digestive System
nutrients
proteins
amino acids
carbohydrates
substances in foods that provide energy and materials for cel…
large molecules that contain carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrog…
molecule of protein is made up of a large number of smaller u…
main source of energy for your body
nutrients
substances in foods that provide energy and materials for cel…
proteins
large molecules that contain carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrog…
47 terms
Biochemistry, Nutrition, Digestive System
Digestion
Intracellular
Extracellular
Digestion in other organisms
the process by which ingested materials are broken down to su…
form of digestion where breaking down of materials takes plac…
form of digestion where breaking down of materials takes plac…
Could have differently formed digestive tracts-- less complex…
Digestion
the process by which ingested materials are broken down to su…
Intracellular
form of digestion where breaking down of materials takes plac…
47 terms
Digestive System and Nutrition
Alimentary Canal (or GI Tract)
Feces
Lumen
Peristalsis
the principle structure of the digestive system consisting of…
waste material of the body resulting from the digestive process
the inside or hollow space within the digestive tube
a wavelike, rhythmic contraction of the muscular coat moves f…
Alimentary Canal (or GI Tract)
the principle structure of the digestive system consisting of…
Feces
waste material of the body resulting from the digestive process
21 terms
Nutrition: Digestive System
Digestive tract
Function of Digestive System
Mechanical digestion
saliva
- flexible, muscular tube... - 26 ft long... - body surrounds diges…
- digest food to its absorbable components... - excretes waste... -
1. begins in mouth- chew... 2. stomach and intestines... 3. perista…
salivary amylase - starch digestion begins
Digestive tract
- flexible, muscular tube... - 26 ft long... - body surrounds diges…
Function of Digestive System
- digest food to its absorbable components... - excretes waste... -
Nutrition Digestive System
gastrointestinal tract
digestion
parts of the digestive system
accessory organs
another name for the digestive system
the breakdown of food into simpler molecules that can be abso…
mouth, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, and larg…
gallbladder, salivary glands, liver, and pancreas
gastrointestinal tract
another name for the digestive system
digestion
the breakdown of food into simpler molecules that can be abso…
17 terms
Digestive System-Sports & Nutrition
Teeth
Tongue
Bollus
Salivary Gland
Mechanically breaks down food
Contains taste buds, rolls food into ball
Ball of food
Adds moisture
Teeth
Mechanically breaks down food
Tongue
Contains taste buds, rolls food into ball
220 terms
Digestive System & Nutrition
Definition of Digestive System
What are the 2 main groups of digestiv…
What is the Alimentary Canal - Gastroi…
What is the Accessory Digestive Organs?
Body system involved with food:... 1. Input... 2. Breakdown... 3. Abso…
1. Alimentary Canal (Gastrointestinal or GI tract) ... 2. Acces…
The continuous muscular tube from mouth to anus (~30 feet lon…
A variety of structures and glands/secretions that aid in foo…
Definition of Digestive System
Body system involved with food:... 1. Input... 2. Breakdown... 3. Abso…
What are the 2 main groups of digestiv…
1. Alimentary Canal (Gastrointestinal or GI tract) ... 2. Acces…
Digestive System & Nutrition
Ingest, Digest, Absorb, Eliminate
Peristalsis
mechanical & chemical
segmentation
Functions of the Digestive system
Another word for "movement"
What are the 2 types of food break down?
What keeps food in nonadjacent segments, mixes by moving it b…
Ingest, Digest, Absorb, Eliminate
Functions of the Digestive system
Peristalsis
Another word for "movement"
68 terms
Nutrition + Digestive System
Nutrients
Carbohydrates
Glycogen
Simple Carbohydrates
The chemicals in food that cells require.
Compounds made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. They provi…
Is stored in the liver, muscle, and fat cells. The liver and…
Composed of one or two sugar molecules. Get broken down and s…
Nutrients
The chemicals in food that cells require.
Carbohydrates
Compounds made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. They provi…
digestive system and nutrition system
whats another term for digestive system
what is the alimentary canal
what are the accessory organs to the d…
what is the long muscular tube that st…
gastrointestinal system
a muscular tube that begins at the mouth and ends at the anus
tongue, teeth, liver, gallbladder, pancreas
alimentary canal
whats another term for digestive system
gastrointestinal system
what is the alimentary canal
a muscular tube that begins at the mouth and ends at the anus
43 terms
Nutrition and the Digestive System
Fats
Unsaturated fats
Saturated fats
Cholesterol
Another name is lipids; fats are made of the elements carbon,…
Good fat; liquid at room temperature; when there are double b…
Bad fats; solid at room temperature; saturated with hydrogen;…
Saturated fat from animal foods
Fats
Another name is lipids; fats are made of the elements carbon,…
Unsaturated fats
Good fat; liquid at room temperature; when there are double b…
18 terms
Nutrition and Digestive System
bile
fat
calcium
amylase
digestive juice that breaks down fats; stored in the gall bla…
cushions the organs and provides energy
mineral that is essential for bone growth, teeth development,…
enzyme that breaks down starch
bile
digestive juice that breaks down fats; stored in the gall bla…
fat
cushions the organs and provides energy
44 terms
The Digestive System & Nutrition
The breaking, crushing and mashing of…
The organ between the stomach and larg…
Mechanical and chemical digestion take…
a greenish fluid that is stored in the…
mechanical digestion
small intestine
mouth
bile
The breaking, crushing and mashing of…
mechanical digestion
The organ between the stomach and larg…
small intestine
The Digestive System and Nutrition
Gastrointestinal
Digestion
Enzymes
Alimentary canal
Of or relating to the stomach and the intestines
-the process by which the body breaks down food into small nu…
chemicals substances that promote chemical reactions in livin…
digestive tract or gastrointestinal tract (GI Trac) 30ft tube…
Gastrointestinal
Of or relating to the stomach and the intestines
Digestion
-the process by which the body breaks down food into small nu…
47 terms
Nutrition and the Digestive System
autotrophic nutrition
heterotrophic nutrition
metabolism
calories
organisms that make their own food; used by plants (photosynt…
organisms take in food; used by: some single celled organisms…
sum of all life pocesses
what the energy that food gives us is measured in
autotrophic nutrition
organisms that make their own food; used by plants (photosynt…
heterotrophic nutrition
organisms take in food; used by: some single celled organisms…
50 terms
Digestive System/Nutrition
digestive system
esophagus
upper esophageal sphincter
lower esophageal sphincter
group of organs that work together to break down foods to ext…
tube-like organ that connects the throat to the stomach
muscles at the upper part of the esophagus that helps food en…
muscles at the bottom part of the esophagus that directly hel…
digestive system
group of organs that work together to break down foods to ext…
esophagus
tube-like organ that connects the throat to the stomach
69 terms
The Digestive, nutrition & diet system
digestive system
Alimentary canal
mouth, buccal, or oral cavity
teeth
also known as the gastrointestinal system
long muscular tube... begins at the mouth and end at the anus
receives food as it enters the body
special structures in the mouth that physically break down fo…
digestive system
also known as the gastrointestinal system
Alimentary canal
long muscular tube... begins at the mouth and end at the anus
18 terms
Nutrition And Human Digestive System
Nutrition
heterotrophic
autotrophic
Two types of nutrition
taking in of materials from the environment to use for energy…
intake of pre-formed organic molecules and converting it for…
intake of inorganic molecules, CO2 and H20 and converting int…
heterotrophic and autotrophic
Nutrition
taking in of materials from the environment to use for energy…
heterotrophic
intake of pre-formed organic molecules and converting it for…
334 terms
Digestive System & Nutrition Test
Name the two alternative names for Dig…
Name the 4 primary organs in the Alime…
Acronym for the Alimentary Canal
Name the 4 accessory organs to the gas…
Alimentary Canal... Gastrointestinal Tract (GI Tract)
1) Pharynx... 2) Esophagus... 3) Stomach... 4) Small Intestine
PESS
1) Salivary Glands... 2)Pancreas... 3)Liver... 4)Gall Bladder
Name the two alternative names for Dig…
Alimentary Canal... Gastrointestinal Tract (GI Tract)
Name the 4 primary organs in the Alime…
1) Pharynx... 2) Esophagus... 3) Stomach... 4) Small Intestine
40 terms
Nutrition and Digestive System
Digestive System
Order that Food Travels
Chemical Example in the Mouth
Mechanical Example in the Mouth
to break down food and to absorb its nutrients
Mouth / Esophagus / Stomach / Small Intestine / Large Intesti…
salivary glands produce amylase, an enzyme, that breaks down…
chewing your food with your teeth
Digestive System
to break down food and to absorb its nutrients
Order that Food Travels
Mouth / Esophagus / Stomach / Small Intestine / Large Intesti…
14 terms
Digestive System & Nutrition
What is the path that food takes throu…
What dat mouf do?
Pharynx
Esophagus
mouth-pharynx-esophagus-stomach-small intestines-large intest…
chewing (mastication); saliva chemically breaks shit down; ca…
upper throat; passageway for air and food; the epiglottis cov…
Connects pharynx to stomach, cells secrete mucus to assist, g…
What is the path that food takes throu…
mouth-pharynx-esophagus-stomach-small intestines-large intest…
What dat mouf do?
chewing (mastication); saliva chemically breaks shit down; ca…
48 terms
14: Digestive System&Nutrition
Name the 6 major nutrients.
What are the 5 major food groups?
The main dietary source of carbohydrat…
Saturated vs. unsaturated fats: which…
water, protein, lipids, carbs, vitamins, minerals
fruit, veggies, grains, meat, dairy
plants
saturated is solid
Name the 6 major nutrients.
water, protein, lipids, carbs, vitamins, minerals
What are the 5 major food groups?
fruit, veggies, grains, meat, dairy
GBrooks - Digestive System and Nutrition
Digestion
The 11 parts of the Digestive System i…
The purpose (function) of teeth is:
The number of adult teeth is
The breaking down of food into parts that the body can use an…
Teeth, Tongue, Salivary Glands, Esophagus, Stomach, Small Int…
to physically break down food into smaller pieces
32 teeth
Digestion
The breaking down of food into parts that the body can use an…
The 11 parts of the Digestive System i…
Teeth, Tongue, Salivary Glands, Esophagus, Stomach, Small Int…
18 terms
Nutrition and Digestive system
Macronutrient
Micronutrient
Carbohydrates
Lipids
substances needed in large quantity
substance needed in small quantity
sugars, source of energy
Fats, provide energy and are part of cell membranes
Macronutrient
substances needed in large quantity
Micronutrient
substance needed in small quantity
The Digestive System and Nutrition and Wellness
Alimentary Canal
Anus
Digestive system
Hard palate
The digestive tract from the esophagus to the rectum
External opening of the anal canal, or rectum
AKA the gastrointestinal system, is responsible of the physic…
The bony structure that forms the mouth and separates the mou…
Alimentary Canal
The digestive tract from the esophagus to the rectum
Anus
External opening of the anal canal, or rectum
Animal Nutrition/Digestive system
What happens when fewer calories are t…
Differences in digestive adaptations o…
How does the body regulate glucose lev…
What 3 requirements does the intake of…
glycogen digested from liver and muscle cells, fat metabolized
specialized teeth, length of digestive tract, number and size…
Insulin reduces, gucagon increases
fuel, raw materials, essential nutrients
What happens when fewer calories are t…
glycogen digested from liver and muscle cells, fat metabolized
Differences in digestive adaptations o…
specialized teeth, length of digestive tract, number and size…
Digestive System & Nutrition
List 5 functions of the liver.
How are hepatitis A, B, and C spread?
2 functions of the pancreas.
3 functions of fats.
Secrete bile, store sugar in the form of glycogen, stores iro…
Hepatitis A is transmitted through contaminated food or water…
Contain juices that are secreted to help digest food and prod…
Provide the most concentrated form of energy, maintain body t…
List 5 functions of the liver.
Secrete bile, store sugar in the form of glycogen, stores iro…
How are hepatitis A, B, and C spread?
Hepatitis A is transmitted through contaminated food or water…
Digestive System, Urinary System, & Nutrition
Digestive System
Esophagus
Stomach
Small intestine
breaks down food small enough to be absorbed by the capillaries
muscles squeeze food down to stomach; epiglottis: flap that c…
stores food you haven't digested; strong acid to kill bacteri…
22 ft long; absorbs nutrients (in villi); bile is squirted ou…
Digestive System
breaks down food small enough to be absorbed by the capillaries
Esophagus
muscles squeeze food down to stomach; epiglottis: flap that c…
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