Study sets matching "digestive system"

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Study sets matching "digestive system"

116 terms
Digestive system
An(o)
Append(o)
Bil(o)
Bucc(o)
anus
appendix
bile
cheek
An(o)
anus
Append(o)
appendix
46 terms
Digestive system
amino acids
carbohydrates
lipids
unsaturated
Proteins are made of __________ __________.
The main source of energy for your body is __________.
Fats are also called __________.
Fats are classified as __________ if they have any double bon…
amino acids
Proteins are made of __________ __________.
carbohydrates
The main source of energy for your body is __________.
95 terms
Digestive System
Terminal Learning Objective:... -Enabling…
Assimilation
Absorption
Bolus
Given the digestive system, diagram the process of digestion…
The process by which nutrients from foods are taken into the…
The process by which nutrient molecules pass through the wall…
A term used to describe food after it has been chewed and mix…
Terminal Learning Objective:... -Enabling…
Given the digestive system, diagram the process of digestion…
Assimilation
The process by which nutrients from foods are taken into the…
10 terms
Digestive System
Digestive System
stomach
esophagus
small intestine
Breaks down food into smaller molecules to be absorbed and us…
The major organ of the digestive system where the breaking do…
A muscular tube that connects the mouth to the stomach.
Long hollow tube where most absorption of nutrients occurs
Digestive System
Breaks down food into smaller molecules to be absorbed and us…
stomach
The major organ of the digestive system where the breaking do…
20 terms
Digestive System
teeth
saliva
tongue
esophagus
Teeth are the organs of chewing, which is also known as masti…
A watery liquid secreted into the mouth by glands, providing…
A muscular organ in the mouth that can taste and mix food wit…
A muscular tube that connects the mouth to the stomach.
teeth
Teeth are the organs of chewing, which is also known as masti…
saliva
A watery liquid secreted into the mouth by glands, providing…
41 terms
Digestive System
digestion
monomers
mechanical
chemical
The process that breaks down food into small molecules that c…
Digestion breaks macro molecules down into __________ that ca…
When food is chewed, mixed, and churned __________ digestion…
When food is broken down by enzymes or acid, __________ diges…
digestion
The process that breaks down food into small molecules that c…
monomers
Digestion breaks macro molecules down into __________ that ca…
9 terms
Digestive system
Liver
Stomach
mouth
small intestine
Breaks down toxins, such as alcohol and processes nutrients i…
A muscular and elastic sac that serves mainly to store food,…
Chemical digestion begins in the mouth where food is broke do…
Long hollow tube where most absorption of nutrients occurs
Liver
Breaks down toxins, such as alcohol and processes nutrients i…
Stomach
A muscular and elastic sac that serves mainly to store food,…
57 terms
Digestive System
digestive system
mechanical digestion
chemical digestion
oral cavity
organ system that breaks down food and absorbs nutrients from…
breaking food into smaller pieces
converting food into chemically simpler components
empty space inside the mouth
digestive system
organ system that breaks down food and absorbs nutrients from…
mechanical digestion
breaking food into smaller pieces
37 terms
Digestive system
amino acids
carbohydrates
lipids
unsaturated
Proteins are made of __________ __________.
The main source of energy for your body is __________.
Fats are also called __________.
Fats are classified as __________ if they have any double bon…
amino acids
Proteins are made of __________ __________.
carbohydrates
The main source of energy for your body is __________.
7 terms
Digestive system
Digestion
Mechanical digestion
Chemical digestion
Enzyme
The process that breask down food into small molecules.
When food is chewed mixed, and churned.
When chemical reactions occur that break down large molecules…
A type of protein that speeds up the chemical reaction in you…
Digestion
The process that breask down food into small molecules.
Mechanical digestion
When food is chewed mixed, and churned.
Digestive System
digestive system
stomach
small intestine
large intestine
breaks food down so it can be used by the body
organ that uses chemicals such as acids and peptides to break…
the organ where nutrients are absorbed by the body
organ where water is removed from the food and taken to the r…
digestive system
breaks food down so it can be used by the body
stomach
organ that uses chemicals such as acids and peptides to break…
Digestive System
digestion
mechanical digestion
chemical digestion
enzyme
Breaking down food
food is physically broken into smaller pieces
Breaking food into smaller pieces using molecules called enzy…
Proteins that speed up chemical reactions
digestion
Breaking down food
mechanical digestion
food is physically broken into smaller pieces
8 terms
digestive system
esophagus
stomach
duodenum
small intestine
peristalsis moves bolus from mouth to stomach
acid, churning, and some enzymes (e.g. gastrin, pepsin) turn…
proximal small intestine: chyme received from stomach; bile r…
jejunum (proximal) & ileum (distal)... chyme digested, nutrients…
esophagus
peristalsis moves bolus from mouth to stomach
stomach
acid, churning, and some enzymes (e.g. gastrin, pepsin) turn…
17 terms
Digestive System
Digestive System
Organs in the Digestive System
Mechanical Digestion
Chemical Digestion
breaks down substances/food that the body can use for energy
Mouth, Throat, Esophagus, Stomach, Small Intestines, Large In…
Breaks down food by chewing, mashing, tearing, and churning
Breaks large food parts into small pieces that can be taken i…
Digestive System
breaks down substances/food that the body can use for energy
Organs in the Digestive System
Mouth, Throat, Esophagus, Stomach, Small Intestines, Large In…
Digestive System
Digestion
Absorption
Saliva
enzyme
process of breaking down food and absorbing nutrients
taking nutrients out of food.
fluid released when your mouth waters
protein that speeds up processes
Digestion
process of breaking down food and absorbing nutrients
Absorption
taking nutrients out of food.
18 terms
Digestive System
digestive system
digestive tract
chemical digestion
mechanical digestion
group of organs that break down food so that it can be used b…
long tube that food passes through, esophagus, stomach, small…
large molecules are broken down into nutrients that can be ab…
breaking, crushing, and mashing of food into smaller pieces
digestive system
group of organs that break down food so that it can be used b…
digestive tract
long tube that food passes through, esophagus, stomach, small…
Digestive System
Digestive System
stomach
esophagus
small intestine
Breaks down food into smaller molecules to be absorbed and us…
The major organ of the digestive system where the breaking do…
A muscular tube that connects the mouth to the stomach.
Long hollow tube where most absorption of nutrients occurs
Digestive System
Breaks down food into smaller molecules to be absorbed and us…
stomach
The major organ of the digestive system where the breaking do…
18 terms
Digestive System
Digestive System
Step 1
Step 2
Step 3
This system breaks down food into nutrients the body needs to…
Digestion begins in your mouth. Teeth tear, chew and grind up…
Once food passes to the esophagus, muscle rings slowly squeez…
Food then passes to the stomach where chemicals (hydrochloric…
Digestive System
This system breaks down food into nutrients the body needs to…
Step 1
Digestion begins in your mouth. Teeth tear, chew and grind up…
Digestive System
tongue
liver
bile
esophagus
flexible organ of the mouth that helps push food toward teeth…
produces bile
breaks down fat
muscular tube that squeezes food down to stomach
tongue
flexible organ of the mouth that helps push food toward teeth…
liver
produces bile
15 terms
Digestive System
Oral Cavity
Tongue
Mouth
Salivary Glands
the cavity of the mouth
the fleshy muscular organ in the mouth of a mammal, used for…
the opening in the lower part of the human face, surrounded b…
any of various glands that discharge a fluid secretion and es…
Oral Cavity
the cavity of the mouth
Tongue
the fleshy muscular organ in the mouth of a mammal, used for…
53 terms
Digestive System
Ingestion
Digestion
Absorption
Metabolism
consuming food
breakdown of ingested food into smaller molecules
passage of nutrients into blood
converting nutrients into raw materials for production of cel…
Ingestion
consuming food
Digestion
breakdown of ingested food into smaller molecules
39 terms
Digestive System
alimentary canal
mastication
esophagus
mucosa
digestive tube that extends from the mouth to the anus
the process of chewing
A muscular tube that connects the mouth to the stomach.
The innermost layer of the human digestive tract; in some par…
alimentary canal
digestive tube that extends from the mouth to the anus
mastication
the process of chewing
13 terms
Digestive system
Liver
Stomach
mouth
small intestine
Breaks down toxins, such as alcohol and processes nutrients i…
A muscular and elastic sac that serves mainly to store food,…
Chemical digestion begins in the mouth where food is broke do…
Long hollow tube where most absorption of nutrients occurs
Liver
Breaks down toxins, such as alcohol and processes nutrients i…
Stomach
A muscular and elastic sac that serves mainly to store food,…
17 terms
Digestive system
Mechanical digestion
Mouth
Amylase
Esophagus
The tearing and grinding action of the teeth, the mixing and…
The location where mechanical digestion known as mastication…
An enzyme in saliva that helps break down starch (complex car…
An organ where peristalsis occurs which allows one to swallow…
Mechanical digestion
The tearing and grinding action of the teeth, the mixing and…
Mouth
The location where mechanical digestion known as mastication…
78 terms
Digestive System
Saliva
Salivation
Mucus
Water
Watery liquid secreted into the mouth by glands . Aids with d…
A process of producing a watery substance in the mouth from t…
A substance in saliva that is used for lubrication.
The substance in saliva that moistens and softens food.
Saliva
Watery liquid secreted into the mouth by glands . Aids with d…
Salivation
A process of producing a watery substance in the mouth from t…
46 terms
Digestive System
Oral cavity
Uvula
Lingual frenulum
Gingiva
Name the region of the digestive system.
Name the structure.
Name the structure.
Name the structure.
Oral cavity
Name the region of the digestive system.
Uvula
Name the structure.
Digestive System
teeth
saliva
tongue
esophagus
Teeth are the organs of chewing, which is also known as masti…
A watery liquid secreted into the mouth by glands, providing…
A muscular organ in the mouth that can taste and mix food wit…
A muscular tube that connects the mouth to the stomach.
teeth
Teeth are the organs of chewing, which is also known as masti…
saliva
A watery liquid secreted into the mouth by glands, providing…
Digestive System
Digestive System
stomach
esophagus
small intestine
Breaks down food into smaller molecules to be absorbed and us…
The major organ of the digestive system where mechanical and…
A muscular tube that connects the mouth to the stomach.
Long hollow tube where most absorption of nutrients occurs th…
Digestive System
Breaks down food into smaller molecules to be absorbed and us…
stomach
The major organ of the digestive system where mechanical and…
22 terms
Digestive system
digestive system
salivary glands
epiglottis
esophagus
Produce saliva and salivary amylase
Protects airway from food during swallowing.
Moves food from mouth to stomach; no digestion
digestive system
salivary glands
Produce saliva and salivary amylase
30 terms
Digestive System
epiglottis
small intestine
rectum
anus
keeps food out of airway
contains villi to absorb nutrients
end of the large intestine
opening at the end of the digestive tract
epiglottis
keeps food out of airway
small intestine
contains villi to absorb nutrients
Digestive System
Duodenum
Gall Bladder
Mouth
Large Intestine
The first part of the small intestine which receives the bile…
Muscular bag responsible for storing bile
Grinds food to pieces and mixes with saliva.
Food that's not digested are stored here. Removes the water a…
Duodenum
The first part of the small intestine which receives the bile…
Gall Bladder
Muscular bag responsible for storing bile
18 terms
Digestive System
mouth
esophagus
stomach
small intestine
breaks down food into smaller pieces (mechanical); releases s…
carries chewed food to the stomach
continues mechanical digestion; secretes gastric juices (chem…
most of chemical digestion occur here; nutrients from food ar…
mouth
breaks down food into smaller pieces (mechanical); releases s…
esophagus
carries chewed food to the stomach
17 terms
Digestive System
Digestive System
Digestive Tract
mechanical digestion
chemical digestion
A collection of organs that break down food so that it can be…
a series of tubelike organs that are joined end to end. These…
Also called physical digestion. Larger pieces of food are bro…
Large molecules are broken down into nutrients by enzymes.
Digestive System
A collection of organs that break down food so that it can be…
Digestive Tract
a series of tubelike organs that are joined end to end. These…
The Digestive System
Mouth
Epiglottis
Esophagus
Stomach
Where initial chemical and mechanical digestion of food occur…
Cartilaginous flap that prevents food from entering larynx wh…
Tube that passes bolus from mouth to stomach. Peristalsis aid…
Major portion of digestion; food is mixed with gastric juices…
Mouth
Where initial chemical and mechanical digestion of food occur…
Epiglottis
Cartilaginous flap that prevents food from entering larynx wh…
105 terms
Digestive System
rectum
anus
liver
internal anal sphincter
a
b
What organ?
c
rectum
a
anus
b
27 terms
Digestive System
salivary glands
digestion
absorption
elimination
glands that produce saliva
the process of breaking down food through chemical or physica…
the process of taking in nutrients into the body
the process of getting rid of wastes from the body.
salivary glands
glands that produce saliva
digestion
the process of breaking down food through chemical or physica…
13 terms
digestive system
Nutrient
Digestion
Peristalsis
Mechanical Digestion
Important substances that enable the body to move, grow, and…
the process of breaking down food into usable materials.
Wavelike contractons of smooth muscles that move material thr…
Physical changes that break food into smaller pieces. You che…
Nutrient
Important substances that enable the body to move, grow, and…
Digestion
the process of breaking down food into usable materials.
Digestive System
mouth
esophagus
stomach
small intestine
Chemical and mechanical breakdown of food begins here
A muscular tube that connects the mouth to the stomach.
J-shaped muscular organ that continues mechanical and chemica…
organ responsible for most chemical digestion and absorption…
mouth
Chemical and mechanical breakdown of food begins here
esophagus
A muscular tube that connects the mouth to the stomach.
Digestive system
small intestines
Pancreas
Bile
gallbladder
Most chemical digestion happens in the _____________ ________…
The _____________ secrete basic solution to neutralize acids…
Liver produces a fluid called ____________.... A substance produ…
Bile is stored in the ________________ when stomach is empty.
small intestines
Most chemical digestion happens in the _____________ ________…
Pancreas
The _____________ secrete basic solution to neutralize acids…
Digestive System
teeth
saliva
tongue
esophagus
Teeth are the organs of chewing, which is also known as masti…
A watery liquid secreted into the mouth by glands, providing…
A muscular organ in the mouth that can taste and mix food wit…
A muscular tube that connects the mouth to the stomach.
teeth
Teeth are the organs of chewing, which is also known as masti…
saliva
A watery liquid secreted into the mouth by glands, providing…
98 terms
Digestive System
Mouth
Oral cavity
Lip
Vestibule
Organ
Space
Structure
Space
Mouth
Organ
Oral cavity
Space
86 terms
The Digestive System
bucc/o
dentr/o, dent/i
odont/o
gingiv/o
cheek
tooth, teeth
tooth, teeth
gum (gingiva)
bucc/o
cheek
dentr/o, dent/i
tooth, teeth
11 terms
Digestive System
Mouth
Salivary Glands
Esophogus
Stomach
Mechanically digests food with teeth and tongue.
Produces enzymes in saliva, delivers to mouth.
Lined with smooth muscle, connects mouth to stomach.
Stores food, lined with mucus to protect tissues.
Mouth
Mechanically digests food with teeth and tongue.
Salivary Glands
Produces enzymes in saliva, delivers to mouth.
13 terms
digestive system
Nutrient
Digestion
Peristalsis
Mechanical Digestion
Important substances that enable the body to move, grow, and…
the process of breaking down food into usable materials.
Wavelike contractons of smooth muscles that move material thr…
Physical changes that break food into smaller pieces. You che…
Nutrient
Important substances that enable the body to move, grow, and…
Digestion
the process of breaking down food into usable materials.
12 terms
Digestive System
Digestive System
Stomach
Small Intestine
Large Intestine
Breaks down food into small molecules so that they can be abs…
A muscular and elastic sac that serves mainly to store food,…
digestive organ in which most chemical digestion and absorpti…
The last section of the digestive system, where water is abso…
Digestive System
Breaks down food into small molecules so that they can be abs…
Stomach
A muscular and elastic sac that serves mainly to store food,…
12 terms
Digestive System
Mechanical Digestion
Chemical Digestion
Peristalsis
Bile
food is physically broken down
food is chemically broken down
contractions that push food down the digestive track
fluid released by the liver to help with digestion
Mechanical Digestion
food is physically broken down
Chemical Digestion
food is chemically broken down
34 terms
Digestive System
alimentary canal
accessory organs
peristalsis
mouth
digestive tube that extends from the mouth to the anus
Food does not pass through these, but are greatly needed in t…
Involuntary waves of muscle contraction that keep food moving…
Begins mechanical and chemical digestion
alimentary canal
digestive tube that extends from the mouth to the anus
accessory organs
Food does not pass through these, but are greatly needed in t…
6 terms
Digestive System
blood
digestive system
esophagus
large intestine
noun, a system of fluid and cells that carries nutrients and…
noun, the major organ system that breaks down food into nutri…
noun, a muscular tube that pushes food toward the stomach
noun, the organ where water and minerals from food are remove…
blood
noun, a system of fluid and cells that carries nutrients and…
digestive system
noun, the major organ system that breaks down food into nutri…
Digestive system
liver
stomach
mouth
small intestine
creates bile which breaks down fat (lipids)
A muscular and elastic sac that serves mainly to store food,…
Chemical and mechanical digestion begins the digestive proces…
Long hollow tube where most digestion occurs and the absorpti…
liver
creates bile which breaks down fat (lipids)
stomach
A muscular and elastic sac that serves mainly to store food,…
16 terms
Digestive System
teeth
saliva
tongue
esophagus
Teeth are the organs of chewing, which is also known as masti…
A watery liquid secreted into the mouth by glands, providing…
A muscular organ in the mouth that can taste and mix food wit…
A muscular tube that connects the mouth to the stomach.
teeth
Teeth are the organs of chewing, which is also known as masti…
saliva
A watery liquid secreted into the mouth by glands, providing…
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