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Study sets matching "diseases 1"

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Study sets matching "diseases 1"

22 terms
1. Obstructive Pulmonary Diseases
Irreversible enlargement of the airway…
The upper lobes are more severely af…
Lower lobes, specifically the anterior…
Emphysema is characterized by irreversible enlargement of the…
With centriacinar emphysema, the __ lobes are more severely a…
Panacinar emphysema: ___ lobes, specficially the ___ margins.…
Irreversible enlargement of the airway…
Emphysema is characterized by irreversible enlargement of the…
The upper lobes are more severely af…
With centriacinar emphysema, the __ lobes are more severely a…
13 terms
#1 Embryology Diseases
What is a chordoma and where are they…
What are characteristics of Klippel-Fe…
Congenital arthyogryposis
Congenital torticolis
the remnant of the notochord. They often form at the base of…
caused by the fusion of the cervical vertebra ... typically invo…
muscle hypoplasia ... stiff joints
damage to the sternocleidomastoid at birth, injury causes fib…
What is a chordoma and where are they…
the remnant of the notochord. They often form at the base of…
What are characteristics of Klippel-Fe…
caused by the fusion of the cervical vertebra ... typically invo…
13 terms
F2-W1-diseases
Age-related macular degeneration (ARMD)
Hurler Syndrome
Hunter Syndrome
Scurvy
Degeneration of macula (central area of retina). Causes disto…
AR... mucopolysaccharidoses - Lysosomal storage disorder... Defec…
XR... Iduronate sulfatase defect... Accumulation of Heparan sulfat…
Vitamin C = cofactor needed to hydroxylate proline + lysine.…
Age-related macular degeneration (ARMD)
Degeneration of macula (central area of retina). Causes disto…
Hurler Syndrome
AR... mucopolysaccharidoses - Lysosomal storage disorder... Defec…
58 terms
HB-1 Diseases
Neurofibromatosis 1 (NF1)
Neurofibromatosis 1 (NF1) association…
Neurofibromatosis Type 2 (NF2)
Neurofibromatosis Type 2 (NF2) - What…
Autosomal Dominant, usually complete penetrance. ... Affects con…
RAS = membrane-associated guanine nucleotide-binding protein…
Autosomal Dominant... Mutations in NF2 gene - new mutations and…
The NF2 gene provides instructions for the production of a pr…
Neurofibromatosis 1 (NF1)
Autosomal Dominant, usually complete penetrance. ... Affects con…
Neurofibromatosis 1 (NF1) association…
RAS = membrane-associated guanine nucleotide-binding protein…
53 terms
4.1 Communicable diseases
Pathogen
Direct transmission
Indirect transmission
Transmission
A microorganism that causes disease §
Passing a pathogen from host to new host, with NO intermediary
Passing a pathogen from host to new host, via a VECTOR... Examp…
Passing a pathogen from an infected individual to an uninfect…
Pathogen
A microorganism that causes disease §
Direct transmission
Passing a pathogen from host to new host, with NO intermediary
18 terms
Combo with "Diseases" and 1 other
communicable
noncommunicable
pathogen
infection
a disease that is spread from one living thing to another or…
a disease that is not transmitted by another person, a vector…
an organism that causes diseases
a condition that occurs when pathogens enter the body, multip…
communicable
a disease that is spread from one living thing to another or…
noncommunicable
a disease that is not transmitted by another person, a vector…
37 terms
Diseases: Vet Science 1
Disease
(#2) Disease
Etiology
Pathology
Any abnormality of the body parts or their functionality
A morbid process having characteristic symptoms
Cause of disease
Study of tissues related to disease
Disease
Any abnormality of the body parts or their functionality
(#2) Disease
A morbid process having characteristic symptoms
14 terms
Fighting disease 1
What is a pathogen ?
What are the 3 microbes that cause ill…
How are viruses different to bacteria?
How do microbes make us ill?
A microbe that makes you ill.
Virus... Bacteria... Fungus
They are smaller... They have a protein coat that changes.... They…
They divide - make more and more of themselves- and all these…
What is a pathogen ?
A microbe that makes you ill.
What are the 3 microbes that cause ill…
Virus... Bacteria... Fungus
23 terms
Neurogenerative Diseases 1
neurogenerative disease
stroke
stroke stats
ways to prevent strokes
progressive loss of neuron structure/function, can affect any…
brain attack, occurs when blood flow to an area of the brain…
800,000/year experience a stroke, every 40 seconds, more than…
eat a healthy diet, exercise, maintain a healthy weight, main…
neurogenerative disease
progressive loss of neuron structure/function, can affect any…
stroke
brain attack, occurs when blood flow to an area of the brain…
40 terms
4.1.1 Communicable Diseases
Pathogen
Parasite
Vector
Toxin
A disease causing organism.
Organisms that live on or in another organism, called the hos…
A living organism which transfers a disease from one individu…
A chemical produced by a microorganism which causes damage to…
Pathogen
A disease causing organism.
Parasite
Organisms that live on or in another organism, called the hos…
57 terms
Chapter 1 Diseases
Fabry Disease Genetic Transmission
Gaucher Disease Genetic Transmission
Niemann-Picke Lipidosis Genetic Transm…
Hunter Syndrome Genetic Transmission
X- linked Recessive
Autosomal Recessive
Autosomal Recessive
X-Linked Recessive
Fabry Disease Genetic Transmission
X- linked Recessive
Gaucher Disease Genetic Transmission
Autosomal Recessive
59 terms
1: Diseases 1-C
What is one of the most challenging pr…
What is the treatment of CDH
The mortality in these infants still e…
The primary abnormality in CDH neonate…
Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) who develops severe res…
Operative repair within the first 24 hours of life
CDH
pulmonary vascular resistance
What is one of the most challenging pr…
Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) who develops severe res…
What is the treatment of CDH
Operative repair within the first 24 hours of life
129 terms
1. Infectious Diseases
Define endemic
Define outbreak
Define epidemic
Define pandemic
steady state of disease in a population--human and/or animal…
case numbers exceed usual expectation for a defined community…
diseases spreads rapidly. deaths> steady state (ex: influenza…
global epidemic (ex: HIV/AIDS, influenza)
Define endemic
steady state of disease in a population--human and/or animal…
Define outbreak
case numbers exceed usual expectation for a defined community…
41 terms
DISEASES - TREATMENTS (1)
Toxic shock syndrome
Leprosy
Yaws
Anthrax (cutaneous)
Vancomycin, Clindamycin, Nafcillin... Fluid replacement
Dapsone... Rifampin... Clofazimine
Penicillin
CIPRO
Toxic shock syndrome
Vancomycin, Clindamycin, Nafcillin... Fluid replacement
Leprosy
Dapsone... Rifampin... Clofazimine
21 terms
Diseases: Viral Part 1
Directly Transmitted Viruses
Indirectly Transmitted Viruses
Avian Pox
Paramyxoviruses
1. Clinical illness common (avian pox, distemper, rabies) ... 2.…
3. Vector-borne (ARBO)
- ds DNA... - many strains... - direct/mosquito ... - cutaneous (dry)…
- neg-ss RNA w/envelopes... - primates: measles... - canine/phocine…
Directly Transmitted Viruses
1. Clinical illness common (avian pox, distemper, rabies) ... 2.…
Indirectly Transmitted Viruses
3. Vector-borne (ARBO)
36 terms
Diseases quiz #1
Trachoma (pathogen)
Bacterial conjunctivitis (pathogen)
German measles (pathogen)
Warts (pathogen)
Chlamydia trachomatis
Haemophilus influenzae
Rubella virus
Human Papillomavirus
Trachoma (pathogen)
Chlamydia trachomatis
Bacterial conjunctivitis (pathogen)
Haemophilus influenzae
76 terms
1: Diseases 1-A
Typical Features of Respiratory Distre…
What is used to assess the cause and s…
What is the MC symptom in newborns wit…
Causes of Resp Distress:
Tachypnea > 60 breaths/min... Flaring and Retractions (intercost…
CXR, Arterial Blood Gases (ABG), Pulse Oximetry
Cyanosis on room air
TRANSIENT TACHYPNEA OF THE NEWBORN (TTN)... ASPIRATION SYNDROMES…
Typical Features of Respiratory Distre…
Tachypnea > 60 breaths/min... Flaring and Retractions (intercost…
What is used to assess the cause and s…
CXR, Arterial Blood Gases (ABG), Pulse Oximetry
62 terms
Med 1 Infectious Diseases
Pharyngitis
Croup
Avian Influenza
Lyme Disease
Common infection of the pharynx and tonsils. It may be caused…
A viral illness characterized by inspiratory and expiratory s…
MOST do NOT infect humans except in cases of prolonged contac…
Recurrent inflammatory disorder accompanied by skin lesions,…
Pharyngitis
Common infection of the pharynx and tonsils. It may be caused…
Croup
A viral illness characterized by inspiratory and expiratory s…
13 terms
Inside Reading 1 Unit 2 Fighting Diseases
access (noun)
accompany (verb)
decline (noun)
implement (verb)
ability to enter/use/see something
to happen/exist at the same time as something else
a decrease in the quantity
begin to make it happen
access (noun)
ability to enter/use/see something
accompany (verb)
to happen/exist at the same time as something else
Exam 1; Musculoskeletal Function and diseases
What are the types of bones?
What are the types of prevention?
What's primary prevention?
What's secondary prevention?
Flat, short, long, irregular
Primary, secondary, tertiary
Preparation/education prior to a problem
Screenings, tests
What are the types of bones?
Flat, short, long, irregular
What are the types of prevention?
Primary, secondary, tertiary
55 terms
Diseases Pt. 1 - Diagnosis
Entropion
Ectropion
Conjunctivitis
Ulcerative Keratitis
Fluorescein Stain to check for corneal ulcer
Fluorescein Stain to check for corneal ulcer... Rule out facial…
Fluorescein Stain to check for corneal ulcer... Schirmer Tear Test
Fluorescein Stain -... uptake may be wide or pinpoint if superfi…
Entropion
Fluorescein Stain to check for corneal ulcer
Ectropion
Fluorescein Stain to check for corneal ulcer... Rule out facial…
56 terms
Respiratory Diseases Exam #1
Nasal Polyps
Patient teaching for Deviated Septum s…
Sinusitis
"FESS"
clusters of mucosa that can obstruct breathing.
-stay in semi-fowlers position... -NO aspirin... -increase fluids
infection/inflammation of mucus membranes;; causes retention…
Functional Endoscopic Sinus Surgery (widening for drainage)
Nasal Polyps
clusters of mucosa that can obstruct breathing.
Patient teaching for Deviated Septum s…
-stay in semi-fowlers position... -NO aspirin... -increase fluids
27 terms
Session 1 -Vesiculobullous Diseases
vesicles
bullae
vesiculobullous diseases typically are…
Viruses relevant to dentistry
small blisters
large blisters
viral origin
Herpes Viruses:... HSV 1... HSV 2... Varicella-zoster... Epstein-Barr... Cyt…
vesicles
small blisters
bullae
large blisters
133 terms
1. Infectious diseases dogs
Look at slide 2 - 3
Which of the following is not a sign a…
True or False: for salmonellosis in po…
How would you treat an animal that tes…
.
D. All of the above
False. The positive result is not mean salmonella is the caus…
You would not treat the animal.
Look at slide 2 - 3
.
Which of the following is not a sign a…
D. All of the above
10 terms
Change 1 human diseases
Disease
Chronic
Acute
Disorder
Change in structure or function considered to be abnormal
Last for extended period of time
Short term sudden onset
Derangement or abnormality of function
Disease
Change in structure or function considered to be abnormal
Chronic
Last for extended period of time
49 terms
Livestock Diseases Test 1
Mycoplasma
Carrier Individuals, wildlife, traffic
Prevention
Bovine
The pathogen that is well known to destroy cilia thus damagin…
How can infectious disease be introduced into a herd?
What is the most economical and successful way to control ani…
Which feces is the most loose and has the highest water conte…
Mycoplasma
The pathogen that is well known to destroy cilia thus damagin…
Carrier Individuals, wildlife, traffic
How can infectious disease be introduced into a herd?
16 terms
15 Vector Diseases 1
DAWN-DUSK MOSQUITOS... (Day time)
DUSK-DAWN MOSQUITOS... (Night time)
Conventional repellents
Biopesticide repellents
Dengue... Yellow Fever... Chikungunya
Malaria... West Nile... Japanese Encephalitis
DEET... Picaridin
Oil of lemon eucalyptus... IR3535
DAWN-DUSK MOSQUITOS... (Day time)
Dengue... Yellow Fever... Chikungunya
DUSK-DAWN MOSQUITOS... (Night time)
Malaria... West Nile... Japanese Encephalitis
Genetic Diseases 1-15
Down Syndrome
Trisomy 18 (edwards)
Trisomy 13 (also called Patau syndrome)
Klinefelter 47,XXY
Inheritance: sporadic, AMA, Robertsonian translocation: risk…
Inheritance: sporadic... Etiology: associated with increased mat…
Inheritance: sporadic... Etiology: 80% trisomy 18 and 20% unbala…
Inheritance: sporadic... Etiology: 45% paternal MI (failure of X…
Down Syndrome
Inheritance: sporadic, AMA, Robertsonian translocation: risk…
Trisomy 18 (edwards)
Inheritance: sporadic... Etiology: associated with increased mat…
107 terms
Human Diseases 1
Disease
Pathology
Pathogenesis
Etiology
a structural or functional change in the body that is harmful…
the study of disease, also a specialty in medicine
sequence of events that leads from structural and functional…
the study of causes
Disease
a structural or functional change in the body that is harmful…
Pathology
the study of disease, also a specialty in medicine
55 terms
M1 Diseases & Conditions
Gout
Vitamin A overdose
Lysosomal Enzyme Deficiency
Tay Sachs
Caused by uric acid accumulation. ... - The clatherin coat of a…
Excessive vitamin A causes the clatherin coating of lysosomes…
Inability to phagocytize during autophagy or heterophagy... - ca…
Inherited metabolic disorder characterized by a lack of hexim…
Gout
Caused by uric acid accumulation. ... - The clatherin coat of a…
Vitamin A overdose
Excessive vitamin A causes the clatherin coating of lysosomes…
10 terms
SpecialDiseases1
Astigmatism
Catract
Hyperopia
Macular Degeneration
Odd or irregular shaped lens or cornea, and is caused by irre…
Irreversible and progressive clouding of the lens that leads…
Far-sightedness, and may be cuased by a shortened eyeball or…
Disorder that affects the central part of the retina of the e…
Astigmatism
Odd or irregular shaped lens or cornea, and is caused by irre…
Catract
Irreversible and progressive clouding of the lens that leads…
25 terms
Emerging Diseases 1.1
Active immunity
agent
AIDs
amplifier host
resistance developed in response to an antigen (infecting age…
a factor that is essential for a disease, chronic conditions,…
Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome caused by the Human immun…
an organism in which a pathogen replicates but does not show…
Active immunity
resistance developed in response to an antigen (infecting age…
agent
a factor that is essential for a disease, chronic conditions,…
251 terms
Ocular disease 2.1
anopthalmos
Microphthalmos
Cyclopia
Craniosynostoses
anopthalmos
Microphthalmos
8 terms
Diseases week 1
IgA
IgD
IgE
IgG
protects mucous membranes and epithelial surfaces
needed for the maturation of B cells
binds to mast cells and basophils as part of an allergic reac…
anti viral, antitoxin, antibacterial. means exposure was a wh…
IgA
protects mucous membranes and epithelial surfaces
IgD
needed for the maturation of B cells
17 terms
Diseases Lecture 1
Disease
Normal
Variation of normal conditions
Subjective physical examination
a finite abnormality of structure or function... has an identifi…
agreeing with the regular and established type
species... individuals... behavioral differences... physiological diff…
dog resting quietly... cat is restless
Disease
a finite abnormality of structure or function... has an identifi…
Normal
agreeing with the regular and established type
61 terms
health, diseases, medecine (1)
a cure for
a treatment
a recovery
to be in good health
un remède
un traitement
un rétablissement
avoir une bonne santé
a cure for
un remède
a treatment
un traitement
14 terms
1. Suffixes for Diseases
-ia
condition of the lung
-ism
disease from deficient thyroid gland
condition; state; thing
pneumonia
process; disease fro a specific cause
hypothyroidism
-ia
condition; state; thing
condition of the lung
pneumonia
49 terms
Livestock Diseases Test 1
Mycoplasma
Carrier Individuals, wildlife, traffic
Prevention
Bovine
The pathogen that is well known to destroy cilia thus damagin…
How can infectious disease be introduced into a herd?
What is the most economical and successful way to control ani…
Which feces is the most loose and has the highest water conte…
Mycoplasma
The pathogen that is well known to destroy cilia thus damagin…
Carrier Individuals, wildlife, traffic
How can infectious disease be introduced into a herd?
30 terms
Diseases - Block 1
Marfan's Syndrome
Ehler's Danlos Syndrome
Alport Syndrome
Scurvy
Mutations w/ fibrillin. Congenital disorder -- long fingers,…
Impaired extracellular modifications of collagen --> formatio…
Due to type IV collagen (basal lamina). Hematuria, end-stage…
Due to vitamin C deficiency--deficiency of prolyl and lysyl h…
Marfan's Syndrome
Mutations w/ fibrillin. Congenital disorder -- long fingers,…
Ehler's Danlos Syndrome
Impaired extracellular modifications of collagen --> formatio…
35 terms
Block 1 Diseases & Symptoms
MCADD (inability to break down MC FA t…
LCADD (inability to break down LC FA t…
MNGIE (nuclear DNA mutation causes thy…
Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease (aka CMT2,…
occurs at any age, after metabolic stress requiring stored en…
occurs at any age, after metabolic stress requiring stored en…
abnormal brain white matter and neuropathy, gastrointestinal…
lower limb deformities, weakness (drop foot & hand atrophy),…
MCADD (inability to break down MC FA t…
occurs at any age, after metabolic stress requiring stored en…
LCADD (inability to break down LC FA t…
occurs at any age, after metabolic stress requiring stored en…
66 terms
C2T1 Diseases
Rhinohea
3rd Nerve Palsy
Trigeminal Lesions
Bells Palsy
CSF fluid leaking from the nose due to fracture of the cribif…
The eye is down and out. Ptosis, piplopia and mydriasis occur…
The jaw deviates toward the affected side due to the unoppose…
paralysis or weakness of the muscles on one side of your face…
Rhinohea
CSF fluid leaking from the nose due to fracture of the cribif…
3rd Nerve Palsy
The eye is down and out. Ptosis, piplopia and mydriasis occur…
61 terms
MSS1 Diseases/Abnormalities
Retroesophageal Subclavian artery [L07]
Compartment Syndrome... [L07]
Compartment syndrome affects both comp…
Compartment syndrome affects the anter…
Common variant in which the RCA passes posterior to the esoph…
Usually laceration of artery in from supracondylar fracture o…
brachial... common interosseous
radial... ulnar... anterior interosseous artery [a branch of the ul…
Retroesophageal Subclavian artery [L07]
Common variant in which the RCA passes posterior to the esoph…
Compartment Syndrome... [L07]
Usually laceration of artery in from supracondylar fracture o…
35 terms
Unit 1 Disease Defense
virus
microorganism
pathogen
immunity
Non-living pathogenic agents
Any organism of microscopic or submicroscopic size. AKA microbe
A microbe that causes disease.
The body's ability to destroy pathogens before they can cause…
virus
Non-living pathogenic agents
microorganism
Any organism of microscopic or submicroscopic size. AKA microbe
106 terms
FHH 1 Mutations/Diseases
malignant hypothermia
congenital disorders of glycosylation…
congenital disorders of glycosylation…
Huntington's disease
RyR mutation where the calcium channels stop open too long an…
defect in the biosynthesis of oligosaccharide precursor or in…
defect in the trimming of the two terminal glucose molecules…
results due to aggregation of protein fragments in cells that…
malignant hypothermia
RyR mutation where the calcium channels stop open too long an…
congenital disorders of glycosylation…
defect in the biosynthesis of oligosaccharide precursor or in…
26 terms
Mech disease 1
Health
Etiology
Disease
Acute
The absence of disease
The causation of disease
Overt signs and symptoms
Sudden ex flu
Health
The absence of disease
Etiology
The causation of disease
41 terms
SciFOM 1 Diseases
Systemic Lupus Erythematosus
Medullary Thyroid Cancer
Alpha Thalassemia
Beta Thalassemia
Autoimmune; anti-nuclear antibodies form against self DNA/snR…
Caused by alternative mRNA splicing leads to malignant thyroi…
Single gene disorder... Deletion mutations of 4 genes; small pe…
Single gene disorder... HnRNA splicing defect; poly(a) signal d…
Systemic Lupus Erythematosus
Autoimmune; anti-nuclear antibodies form against self DNA/snR…
Medullary Thyroid Cancer
Caused by alternative mRNA splicing leads to malignant thyroi…
83 terms
Test 1 - Diseases of the eyelids
Eyelid dystrophies
Anatomical defects
Ptosis
Ptosis symptoms
Anatomical defects and innervation defects
ptosis, entropion, ectropion, floppy eyelid syndrome, benign…
abnormal low position of upper eyelid. Can be congenital or a…
drooping upper eyelid, visual loss, especially with reading.
Eyelid dystrophies
Anatomical defects and innervation defects
Anatomical defects
ptosis, entropion, ectropion, floppy eyelid syndrome, benign…
22 terms
1: Diseases 1-B
The presence of air or gas in the pleu…
______ pneumothorax occurs spontaneous…
______ pneumothorax occurs as a compli…
***SPONTANEOUS pneumothorax is more co…
Pneumothorax
Primary
Secondary
Newborn
The presence of air or gas in the pleu…
Pneumothorax
______ pneumothorax occurs spontaneous…
Primary
159 terms
oral diseases set 1
Ascher syndrome
Loeys-Dietz syndrome type 1
Fordyce granules
Leukoedema
triad of - 1. Double lip, 2. Edema of upper eye lids (blephar…
Bifid uvula w/o lip pits, pectus excavatum, aortic aneurysm
ectopic intraoral sebaceous glands; normal anatomic variation…
characterized by diffuse, grayish-white milky appearance of t…
Ascher syndrome
triad of - 1. Double lip, 2. Edema of upper eye lids (blephar…
Loeys-Dietz syndrome type 1
Bifid uvula w/o lip pits, pectus excavatum, aortic aneurysm
140 terms
Infectious Diseases Midterm #1
Infectious disease
Communicable disease
Pandemic
Endemic (not just "expected rate")
caused by a pathogen, can be communicable, (e.g. of infectiou…
transmittable disease, e.g. rectangle (infectious) vs. commun…
an epidemic that has spread to multiple continents
disease is regularly found in a population/region (not a rate…
Infectious disease
caused by a pathogen, can be communicable, (e.g. of infectiou…
Communicable disease
transmittable disease, e.g. rectangle (infectious) vs. commun…
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