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Study sets matching "diseases chapter 22"

91 terms
Chapter 22 Diseases of Respiratory
Upper respiratory tract
Nasal Cavity
Nasal Sinuses
Pharynx
Collects air; filters dust, pollen, microorganisms and other…
Lined with hairs and a ciliated mucous membrane; hair filters…
Air filled, hollow regions of bones in the skull, share fluid…
Shared with digestive system; propels mucous and contaminants…
Upper respiratory tract
Collects air; filters dust, pollen, microorganisms and other…
Nasal Cavity
Lined with hairs and a ciliated mucous membrane; hair filters…
25 terms
chapter 22 diseases
Acne... bacterial
Hair follicle infections ... bacterial
Staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome…
Conjunctivitis(pinkeye), otitis media…
Causative Agent: Propionibacterium acnes commonly associated…
Causative Agent: Staphylococcus aureus ... Causative agent comm…
Causative Agent: Exfoliatin-producing strains of S. aureus... C…
Causative Agent: Usually Haemophilus influenzae and Streptoco…
Acne... bacterial
Causative Agent: Propionibacterium acnes commonly associated…
Hair follicle infections ... bacterial
Causative Agent: Staphylococcus aureus ... Causative agent comm…
7 terms
diseases chapter 22
1. Chronic Diarrhea
2. Gastric Ulcers
3. Mumps
4. Tooth and Gum Infections
Disease Name Primary cause is rotavirus... and e coli... Where in t…
Disease Name Helicobacter pylori... Where in the intestines ... Wh…
Disease Name Paramyxovirus or "mumps virus"... Where Can invade…
Disease Name Gingivitis and Necrotizing Ulcerative Type... Trepo…
1. Chronic Diarrhea
Disease Name Primary cause is rotavirus... and e coli... Where in t…
2. Gastric Ulcers
Disease Name Helicobacter pylori... Where in the intestines ... Wh…
16 terms
Chapter 22 GI Diseases and Neurological diseases
Understand the mechanisms by which the…
Describe Clostridium Botulinum
Describe Staphylococcus aureus?
Describe Clostridium Perfringens
...
- Produces a deadly exotoxin that attacks that nerve system c…
- Food poisoning ... - likes to grow in protein rich food. ... - TH…
- spore former that causes food poisoning... - Found in contamin…
Understand the mechanisms by which the…
...
Describe Clostridium Botulinum
- Produces a deadly exotoxin that attacks that nerve system c…
9 terms
Chapter 22 diseases
HAIR FOLLICE INFECTIONS (FOLLICULITIS,…
STAPHLOCOCCAL SCALDED SKIN SYNDROME (s…
IMPETIGO
ROCKY MOUNTAIN SPOTTED FEVER
STAPHLOCCUS AUREUS (SEVERAL VIRULENCE FACTORS)... usually mild,…
STAPHLOCOCCUS AUREUS W/EXOFLATIN TOXIN GENE 5%... redness, pus,…
STREPTOCOCCUS PYOGENES... BACTERIA... blisters break, form golden c…
RICKETTSIA RICKETTSII... BACTERIA, SPIROCHETE... hemmorrhagic rash…
HAIR FOLLICE INFECTIONS (FOLLICULITIS,…
STAPHLOCCUS AUREUS (SEVERAL VIRULENCE FACTORS)... usually mild,…
STAPHLOCOCCAL SCALDED SKIN SYNDROME (s…
STAPHLOCOCCUS AUREUS W/EXOFLATIN TOXIN GENE 5%... redness, pus,…
8 terms
Chapter 22 Diseases
Bacterial meningitis
Listeriosis
Tetanus
Botulism
Organism: Streptococcus pneumoniae, group B Streptococcus, Ne…
Organism: Listeria monocytogenes... Type: Bacteria... Unique Charac…
Organism: Clostridium tetani... Type: Bacteria... Unique Characteri…
Organism: botulinum toxin... Type: Bacteria... Unique Characteristi…
Bacterial meningitis
Organism: Streptococcus pneumoniae, group B Streptococcus, Ne…
Listeriosis
Organism: Listeria monocytogenes... Type: Bacteria... Unique Charac…
12 terms
chapter 22 diseases
acne
hair follicle infections
staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome
impetigo
propionibacterium
staphylococcus aureus
exfoliatin producing strains of staph aureus
streptococcus pyogenes, sometimes aureus
acne
propionibacterium
hair follicle infections
staphylococcus aureus
15 terms
Chapter 22 - Diseases
Bacterial Meningitus
Tetnus (bacteria)
Botulism (Bacteria)
Leprosy (bacteria)
1) Cause/Pathogen: Haemophilus Influenza.... Routes of Transmiss…
Cause: Clostridium tetani (anaerobic)... Routes of Transmission:…
Cause: Clostridium botulinum (obligate anaerobe)... Routes of Tr…
Cause: Mycobacterium leprae... Routes of Transmission: unsure. m…
Bacterial Meningitus
1) Cause/Pathogen: Haemophilus Influenza.... Routes of Transmiss…
Tetnus (bacteria)
Cause: Clostridium tetani (anaerobic)... Routes of Transmission:…
10 terms
Chapter 22 Diseases
Dental Caries
Periodontitis
Necrotizing Ulcerative Gingivitis
Mumps
Streptococcus mutans and S. sobrinus ... -most common disease of…
multiple species of biofilms
-Synergistic (multiple species together) infections involving…
Paramyxovirus (humans as only host)... -inflammation od salivary…
Dental Caries
Streptococcus mutans and S. sobrinus ... -most common disease of…
Periodontitis
multiple species of biofilms
40 terms
Chapter 22 Infectious Diseases
bacteria
infectious disease
pathogen
toxin
simple, single-celled microorganisms that can live almost any…
also known as communicable diseases; are caused by organisms…
organisms that cause disease
bacteria injure cells by giving off poisons called..
bacteria
simple, single-celled microorganisms that can live almost any…
infectious disease
also known as communicable diseases; are caused by organisms…
46 terms
chapter 22: diseases of nervous system
what are some characteristics of clost…
what does clostridium tetani look like…
what is the agent that causes tetanus?
what does the tetanospasmin do to caus…
gram +, endospores +, obligate anaerobe, found in soil or fec…
clostridium tetani
it will be released upon death of a growing bacteria which wi…
what are some characteristics of clost…
gram +, endospores +, obligate anaerobe, found in soil or fec…
what does clostridium tetani look like…
32 terms
Chapter 22: Nervous System Diseases
Central Nervous System (CNS)
Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
Meninges
Dura mater
A subdivision of the human nervous system comprising the brai…
network of nerves carrying signals into and out of the centra…
protect brain and spinal cord (CNS)
outermost later of meninges; "durable" and toughest so on the…
Central Nervous System (CNS)
A subdivision of the human nervous system comprising the brai…
Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
network of nerves carrying signals into and out of the centra…
12 terms
Health Chapter 22 Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Aids
STI
trichomoniasis
HPV Human Papilloma Virus
Chlamydia
Sexually transmitted infection--any pathogen that spreads fro…
caused by a protozoan that infects the urinary tract or vagina
the most common STI
the most common STI caused by bacteria
STI
Sexually transmitted infection--any pathogen that spreads fro…
trichomoniasis
caused by a protozoan that infects the urinary tract or vagina
39 terms
Chapter 22 Respiratory diseases
Streptococcal pharyngitis: Causative a…
Streptococcal pharyngitis: Classic S/S
Streptococcal pharyngitis: Miscellaneous
Scarlet fever: Causative agent [pathog…
Streptococcus pyogenes [B]
Tonsil abscesses
Swollen lymph nodes; laryngitis, bronchitis
S. pyogenes [B]
Streptococcal pharyngitis: Causative a…
Streptococcus pyogenes [B]
Streptococcal pharyngitis: Classic S/S
Tonsil abscesses
27 terms
Chapter 22 Proteobacteria (Diseases)
typhus
Rocky mountain spotted fever
Genetically similar to mitochondria
Gonorrhea
R. typhi (a-Proteobacteria; genus: Rickettsia)
R. rickettsii (a-Proteobacteria; genus: Rickettsia)
R. prowazekii (a-Proteobacteria; genus: Rickettsia)
Neisseria gonorrhoeae (b-Proteobacteria; Order: Neisseriales;…
typhus
R. typhi (a-Proteobacteria; genus: Rickettsia)
Rocky mountain spotted fever
R. rickettsii (a-Proteobacteria; genus: Rickettsia)
36 terms
Diseases Chapter 22 & 23
Septicemia
Lymphangitis
Toxemia
Streptococcal Toxic Shock Like Syndrome
Numerous bacteria; opportunistic normal flora
Numerous bacteria; opportunistic normal flora
...
Streptococcus
Septicemia
Numerous bacteria; opportunistic normal flora
Lymphangitis
Numerous bacteria; opportunistic normal flora
20 terms
Microbiology Chapter 22 Diseases
Haemophilus Influenzae Meningitis
Meningoccocal Meningitis
Pneumococcal Meningitis
Listeriosis
M. influenzae
Neisseria meningitidis
Streptococcus pneumoniae
Listeria monocytogenes
Haemophilus Influenzae Meningitis
M. influenzae
Meningoccocal Meningitis
Neisseria meningitidis
24 terms
microbiology chapter 22 diseases
blood-brain barrier
Neisseria
Meningococcal Meningitis symptoms
Listeriosis
Most CNS infections result from the passage of pathogens acro…
______________ meningitidis - Gram-negative, encapsulated dip…
______________ _______________ __________... • Head ache... • Stiff…
_________________________... Listeria monocytogenes... o Gram-negat…
blood-brain barrier
Most CNS infections result from the passage of pathogens acro…
Neisseria
______________ meningitidis - Gram-negative, encapsulated dip…
44 terms
Chapter 22-Infectious Diseases
Infections Diseases
Microorganism
Pathogens
Bacteria
Organisms that enter, live in, and mutliply in the human body
When organisms are small
Organisms that cause disease
Simple, single-celled microorganisms that can live almost any…
Infections Diseases
Organisms that enter, live in, and mutliply in the human body
Microorganism
When organisms are small
40 terms
Infectious Diseases Chapter 22
Clostrium Key Points
Clostrium Specimen Collection
Clostrium- Detection and Differentiation
Neurotoxic Clostridia- Tetanus
-Large gram positive rods... -Endospores produced... -Strict anaero…
-Ensure survival of these anaerobic bacteria... ----Obtain speci…
-Colonial morphology... -Miniaturized biochemical tests... -PCR tes…
-Acute potentially fatal intoxication ... -Horses and humans hig…
Clostrium Key Points
-Large gram positive rods... -Endospores produced... -Strict anaero…
Clostrium Specimen Collection
-Ensure survival of these anaerobic bacteria... ----Obtain speci…
16 terms
Microbio diseases chapter 22
acne symptoms
acne pathogenesis and epidemiology
staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome s…
staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome p…
comedo-skin swells over pore- whitehead (when swollen skin bl…
pathogenesis: Hypercornification of hair follicle (the pore c…
malaise, irritability, fever, sensitive red rash with sandpap…
pathogenesis: exfoliant is produced by organisms at an infect…
acne symptoms
comedo-skin swells over pore- whitehead (when swollen skin bl…
acne pathogenesis and epidemiology
pathogenesis: Hypercornification of hair follicle (the pore c…
24 terms
Chapter 22: Genetic Diseases
Amniocentesis
Chronic villi sampling
Chromosomal mutation
Congenital disorder
Withdrawal of amniotic fluid for testing
A test done early in pregnancy to detect genetic problem
Mutation that involves a change in the number of chromosomes…
Present at birth
Amniocentesis
Withdrawal of amniotic fluid for testing
Chronic villi sampling
A test done early in pregnancy to detect genetic problem
44 terms
Microbiology 121 - Chapter 22: Diseases of the Nervous System
Central Nervous System (CNS)
Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
Bacterial meningitis
Clostridium sp. intoxication with neur…
The brain and spinal cord
All of the nerves that branch off of the brain and spinal cord
Haemophilus influenzae Meningitis... Meningococcal Meningitis…
Tetanus... Botulism
Central Nervous System (CNS)
The brain and spinal cord
Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
All of the nerves that branch off of the brain and spinal cord
31 terms
Chapter 22- Infectious Diseases
Bacteria
Infectious Disease
Pathogen
Toxin
A small single-celled organism that can live almost anywhere
A disease caused by organisms that enter, live in, and multip…
Any disease causing organism
A poisonous substance
Bacteria
A small single-celled organism that can live almost anywhere
Infectious Disease
A disease caused by organisms that enter, live in, and multip…
20 terms
Chapter 22 MICROBIO DIseases
Haemophilus Influenzae Meningitis
Meningococcal Meningitis
Pneumococcal Meningitis
Listeriosis
H. Influenzae
Neisseria meningitidis
Streptococcus pneumoniae
Listeria monocytogenes
Haemophilus Influenzae Meningitis
H. Influenzae
Meningococcal Meningitis
Neisseria meningitidis
49 terms
Chapter 22 Infectious Diseases
infectious disease
microorganisms
pathogen
bacteria
a disease caused by organisms that enter, live in , and multi…
an organism that can be seen only through a microscope
an organism that causes disease
small, single-celled organism that can live almost anywhere
infectious disease
a disease caused by organisms that enter, live in , and multi…
microorganisms
an organism that can be seen only through a microscope
27 terms
Microbiology Chapter 22 Microbial Diseases of the Nervous System
Central Nervous System (CNS)
Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
meningitis
encephalitis
consists of the brain and spinal cord
consists of all the nerves that branch off from the brain and…
general term for the inflammation of the meninges... *The menin…
general term for the inflammation of the brain itself
Central Nervous System (CNS)
consists of the brain and spinal cord
Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
consists of all the nerves that branch off from the brain and…
8 terms
Microbial Diseases of the Nervous System Chapter 22
Meninges
Bacterial (Meningitis)
Haemophilus influenzae (Meningitis)
Neisseria (Meningitis)
The Layers of the Dura Mater, Arachnoid Mater, and Pia Mater…
_____ Meningitis has Symptoms: fever, headache, stiff neck, n…
_____ _____ meningitis comes from the bacteria (Term) that is…
_____ meningitics is from the bacteria (Term). Gram -ve, aero…
Meninges
The Layers of the Dura Mater, Arachnoid Mater, and Pia Mater…
Bacterial (Meningitis)
_____ Meningitis has Symptoms: fever, headache, stiff neck, n…
38 terms
Microbiology Chapter 22 - Diseases of the Nervous System
CNS (Central Nervous System)
PNS (Peripheral Nervous System)
Meninges
Subarachnoid space
composed of the brain and spinal cord. It is a protected envi…
all nerves that branch off from the brain and spinal cord
trilaminar membrane system that protects brain and spinal cord
holds cerebrospinal fluid
CNS (Central Nervous System)
composed of the brain and spinal cord. It is a protected envi…
PNS (Peripheral Nervous System)
all nerves that branch off from the brain and spinal cord
21 terms
Chapter 22: Microbial Diseases of the Nervous System
Central Nervous System (CNS)
Peripheral Nervous System
Menings
Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF)
brain & spinal cord
all the nerves that branch off from the CNS throughout body
membranes which surround brain & spinal cord
fluid that circulates between the arachnoid & pia mater in ve…
Central Nervous System (CNS)
brain & spinal cord
Peripheral Nervous System
all the nerves that branch off from the CNS throughout body
20 terms
Microbiology Chapter 22 Diseases
Haemophilus Influenzae Meningitis
Meningococcal Meningitis
Pneumococcal Meningitis
Listeriosis
Haemophilus influenzae
Neisseria meningitidis
Streptococus pneumoniae
Listeria monocytogenes
Haemophilus Influenzae Meningitis
Haemophilus influenzae
Meningococcal Meningitis
Neisseria meningitidis
22 terms
Chapter 22 Digestive Diseases
Crohn's Disease is an ____ disease and…
What common practice by care givers ca…
The mumps virus infects the
The pathogen responsible for ulcers an…
autoimmune, fecal
sleep with bottle of formula or fruit juice
salivary glands
helicobacter pylori
Crohn's Disease is an ____ disease and…
autoimmune, fecal
What common practice by care givers ca…
sleep with bottle of formula or fruit juice
30 terms
Microbiology Diseases Chapter 22
Coccidomysosis
Syphillis
Diphtheria vaccine
Laryngotracheobronchitis
Resembles TB & Pnuemonia. Breathe in arthrocidia, then get ye…
Spirochete bacterium, treponema pallidum, subspecies pallidum
DTAP
CROUP; parainfluenza virus
Coccidomysosis
Resembles TB & Pnuemonia. Breathe in arthrocidia, then get ye…
Syphillis
Spirochete bacterium, treponema pallidum, subspecies pallidum
51 terms
Chapter 22 Infectious Diseases
infectious diseases
microorganisms
pathogens
bacteria
communicable diseases that are caused by organisms that enter…
when an organism is so small that it can only be seen through…
organisms that cause disease
simple, single-celled microorganisms that can live almost any…
infectious diseases
communicable diseases that are caused by organisms that enter…
microorganisms
when an organism is so small that it can only be seen through…
13 terms
CHAPTER 22: MICROBIAL DISEASES OF THE CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM
The central nervous system consists of
The peripheral nervous system consists…
Inflammation of the meninges
Inflammation of the brain
brain and spinal cord
cranial nerves, spinal nerves, ganglia and associated sensory…
meningitis
encephalitis
The central nervous system consists of
brain and spinal cord
The peripheral nervous system consists…
cranial nerves, spinal nerves, ganglia and associated sensory…
50 terms
Chapter 22 Diseases CNS
central nervous system
blood-brain barrier
epidemiology
etiology
consists of the brain and the spinal cord; control center for…
certain capillaries that allow some substances to pass from t…
characteristics of a disease
causative agent/where something comes from
central nervous system
consists of the brain and the spinal cord; control center for…
blood-brain barrier
certain capillaries that allow some substances to pass from t…
74 terms
Micro:Chapter 22: Microbial Diseases of the Respiratory System
An infected person who is asymptomatic…
The lower respiratory system normally…
An organism that attacks the alveolar…
Pathogenic streptococci in the upper r…
carrier
defensins
is in the lower respiratory system
beta-hemolysis......Pathogenic streptococci in the upper resp…
An infected person who is asymptomatic…
carrier
The lower respiratory system normally…
defensins
Chapter 22- Wildlife Diseases
Wildlife Disease
Epizootiology
Enzootic
Epizootic
originates from infectious pathogens and non-infectious agents
how and why of diseases
chronic diseases
eruptive diseases that spread rapidly from animal to animal
Wildlife Disease
originates from infectious pathogens and non-infectious agents
Epizootiology
how and why of diseases
77 terms
Chapter 22 microbial diseases of the nervous system
What is bacterial meningitis?
What is the most common meningitis?
What is the most serve that secrete to…
What is encephalitis
inflammation of mengines
viral meningitis
bacterial meningitis
inflammation of the brain itself
What is bacterial meningitis?
inflammation of mengines
What is the most common meningitis?
viral meningitis
74 terms
Micro:Chapter 22: Microbial Diseases of the Respiratory System
An infected person who is asymptomatic…
The lower respiratory system normally…
An organism that attacks the alveolar…
Pathogenic streptococci in the upper r…
carrier
defensins
is in the lower respiratory system
beta-hemolysis......Pathogenic streptococci in the upper resp…
An infected person who is asymptomatic…
carrier
The lower respiratory system normally…
defensins
13 terms
Chapter 22 - Diseases of Nervous System
H. flu meningitis
Meningococcal Meningitis
Pneumonoccal meningitis
Listeriosis
Etiological Agent: haemophilus influenzae... Portal of Entry: re…
Etiological Agent: Neisseria meningitides ... Portal of Entry: R…
Etiological Agent: Streptococcus pneumoniae... Portal of Entry:…
Etiological Agent: Listeria monocytogenes... Portal of Entry: fo…
H. flu meningitis
Etiological Agent: haemophilus influenzae... Portal of Entry: re…
Meningococcal Meningitis
Etiological Agent: Neisseria meningitides ... Portal of Entry: R…
29 terms
Chapter 22: Diseases of Nervous System
Central Nervous System (CNS)
Peripheral nervous system (PNS)
What protects the brain and spinal cord?
Blood Brain barrier
brain and spinal cord
nerves that branch from CNS
Dura, arachnoid, and pia mater
...
Central Nervous System (CNS)
brain and spinal cord
Peripheral nervous system (PNS)
nerves that branch from CNS
32 terms
Chapter 22- Infectious Diseases
Bacteria
Infectious Disease
Pathogen
Toxin
small, single-celled organism that can live almost anywhere
disease caused by organisms that enter, live in, and multiply…
organisms that cause disease
a poisonous substance
Bacteria
small, single-celled organism that can live almost anywhere
Infectious Disease
disease caused by organisms that enter, live in, and multiply…
Chapter 22: GI Diseases
Bacterial: enterotoxicosis
bacterial: S. aureus
bacterial: gram +, soil associated
bacterial: salmonella
food poisoning associated with bacterial toxins
skin, handling/prep of food, particularly resistant to heat/d…
clostridium perfringens, clostridium botulinum, bacillus cereus
gram -... CA = S. enteritidis... - surface antigen variation ... CA =…
Bacterial: enterotoxicosis
food poisoning associated with bacterial toxins
bacterial: S. aureus
skin, handling/prep of food, particularly resistant to heat/d…
13 terms
Chapter 22: Microbial Diseases
Haemophilus influenzae
Neisseria meningitidis
Streptococcus pneumoniae
Listeria monocytogenes
meningitis... symptoms: inflammation of meninges... prevention: Hib…
meningococcal meningitis ... symptoms: throat infection, rash, i…
pneumococcal meningitis ... symptoms: inflammation of meninges... p…
listeriosis... symptoms: fever, nausea, spread to CNS... treatment:…
Haemophilus influenzae
meningitis... symptoms: inflammation of meninges... prevention: Hib…
Neisseria meningitidis
meningococcal meningitis ... symptoms: throat infection, rash, i…
22 terms
"Understanding Diseases" Vocabulary (Chapter 22 in red textbook)
microbe
immunity
immune system
vaccine
tiny living thing
the ability to resist or recover from infectious disease
the (system of) cells and tissues that recognize and attack f…
substance that helps your body develop resistance to a disease
microbe
tiny living thing
immunity
the ability to resist or recover from infectious disease
34 terms
Chapter 22: Health & disease
Health
Essential nutrients
Malnutrition
Kwashiorkor
A state of complete physical, mental and social well-being; i…
Substances that the body requires but it cannot synthesise, t…
A lack of proper nutrition caused by not having enough to eat…
Caused by a protein deficiency
Health
A state of complete physical, mental and social well-being; i…
Essential nutrients
Substances that the body requires but it cannot synthesise, t…
29 terms
Chapter 22 MB-Respiratory diseases
Streptococcal Pharyngitis
Laryngitis
Bronchitis
Scarlet fever "Scarlatina"
1. Group A strep... 2. Sore throat, abscesses on tonsils, pharyn…
1. Group A strep... 2. Inflammation of larynx... 3. Spreading of ba…
1. Group A strep... 2. Inflammation of bronchi, labored breathin…
1. Group A strep... 2. Fever, rash, followed by skin sloughing... 3…
Streptococcal Pharyngitis
1. Group A strep... 2. Sore throat, abscesses on tonsils, pharyn…
Laryngitis
1. Group A strep... 2. Inflammation of larynx... 3. Spreading of ba…
31 terms
chapter 22 bacterial skin diseases
Acne Vulgaris
Staph. Aureus
Staph Aureus is coagulast + and activa…
staph aureus clumping factor binds.
CA: Proprionibacterium acnes... Gram positive rods ... grows anaer…
found in nostril (nares), skin, hair follicles... CAI AND HAI…
clotting, prevents phagocytosis
glycoprotein fibrin & fibrinogen
Acne Vulgaris
CA: Proprionibacterium acnes... Gram positive rods ... grows anaer…
Staph. Aureus
found in nostril (nares), skin, hair follicles... CAI AND HAI…
24 terms
Chapter 22: Genetics and Genetically Diseases
Aminocentesis
Chorionic villi sampling
Chromosomal mutation
Congenitial disorder
Withdrawal of amniotic fluid for testing
A test done early in pregnancy to detect genetic problems
A mutation that involves a change in the number of chromosome…
Present at birth
Aminocentesis
Withdrawal of amniotic fluid for testing
Chorionic villi sampling
A test done early in pregnancy to detect genetic problems
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