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6 terms
Chapter 22 Nervous System Diseases
Meningitis
Tetanus
Botulism
Leprosy
Hemophilus influenza invades the brain and spinal cord
Clostridium tetani, soil borne bacterium causes muscle spasm
Clostridium botulinum, most commonly from improperly cooked h…
Mycobacterium leprae, slow flesh eating bacterium
Meningitis
Hemophilus influenza invades the brain and spinal cord
Tetanus
Clostridium tetani, soil borne bacterium causes muscle spasm
91 terms
Chapter 22 Diseases of Respiratory
Upper respiratory tract
Nasal Cavity
Nasal Sinuses
Pharynx
Collects air; filters dust, pollen, microorganisms and other…
Lined with hairs and a ciliated mucous membrane; hair filters…
Air filled, hollow regions of bones in the skull, share fluid…
Shared with digestive system; propels mucous and contaminants…
Upper respiratory tract
Collects air; filters dust, pollen, microorganisms and other…
Nasal Cavity
Lined with hairs and a ciliated mucous membrane; hair filters…
chapter 22 diseases
Acne... bacterial
Hair follicle infections ... bacterial
Staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome…
Conjunctivitis(pinkeye), otitis media…
Causative Agent: Propionibacterium acnes commonly associated…
Causative Agent: Staphylococcus aureus ... Causative agent comm…
Causative Agent: Exfoliatin-producing strains of S. aureus... C…
Causative Agent: Usually Haemophilus influenzae and Streptoco…
Acne... bacterial
Causative Agent: Propionibacterium acnes commonly associated…
Hair follicle infections ... bacterial
Causative Agent: Staphylococcus aureus ... Causative agent comm…
8 terms
Chapter 22 Diseases
Bacterial meningitis
Listeriosis
Tetanus
Botulism
Organism: Streptococcus pneumoniae, group B Streptococcus, Ne…
Organism: Listeria monocytogenes... Type: Bacteria... Unique Charac…
Organism: Clostridium tetani... Type: Bacteria... Unique Characteri…
Organism: botulinum toxin... Type: Bacteria... Unique Characteristi…
Bacterial meningitis
Organism: Streptococcus pneumoniae, group B Streptococcus, Ne…
Listeriosis
Organism: Listeria monocytogenes... Type: Bacteria... Unique Charac…
9 terms
Chapter 22 diseases
HAIR FOLLICE INFECTIONS (FOLLICULITIS,…
STAPHLOCOCCAL SCALDED SKIN SYNDROME (s…
IMPETIGO
ROCKY MOUNTAIN SPOTTED FEVER
STAPHLOCCUS AUREUS (SEVERAL VIRULENCE FACTORS)... usually mild,…
STAPHLOCOCCUS AUREUS W/EXOFLATIN TOXIN GENE 5%... redness, pus,…
STREPTOCOCCUS PYOGENES... BACTERIA... blisters break, form golden c…
RICKETTSIA RICKETTSII... BACTERIA, SPIROCHETE... hemmorrhagic rash…
HAIR FOLLICE INFECTIONS (FOLLICULITIS,…
STAPHLOCCUS AUREUS (SEVERAL VIRULENCE FACTORS)... usually mild,…
STAPHLOCOCCAL SCALDED SKIN SYNDROME (s…
STAPHLOCOCCUS AUREUS W/EXOFLATIN TOXIN GENE 5%... redness, pus,…
12 terms
chapter 22 diseases
acne
hair follicle infections
staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome
impetigo
propionibacterium
staphylococcus aureus
exfoliatin producing strains of staph aureus
streptococcus pyogenes, sometimes aureus
acne
propionibacterium
hair follicle infections
staphylococcus aureus
15 terms
Chapter 22 - Diseases
Bacterial Meningitus
Tetnus (bacteria)
Botulism (Bacteria)
Leprosy (bacteria)
1) Cause/Pathogen: Haemophilus Influenza.... Routes of Transmiss…
Cause: Clostridium tetani (anaerobic)... Routes of Transmission:…
Cause: Clostridium botulinum (obligate anaerobe)... Routes of Tr…
Cause: Mycobacterium leprae... Routes of Transmission: unsure. m…
Bacterial Meningitus
1) Cause/Pathogen: Haemophilus Influenza.... Routes of Transmiss…
Tetnus (bacteria)
Cause: Clostridium tetani (anaerobic)... Routes of Transmission:…
10 terms
Chapter 22 Diseases
Dental Caries
Periodontitis
Necrotizing Ulcerative Gingivitis
Mumps
Streptococcus mutans and S. sobrinus ... -most common disease of…
multiple species of biofilms
-Synergistic (multiple species together) infections involving…
Paramyxovirus (humans as only host)... -inflammation od salivary…
Dental Caries
Streptococcus mutans and S. sobrinus ... -most common disease of…
Periodontitis
multiple species of biofilms
16 terms
Chapter 22 GI Diseases and Neurological diseases
Understand the mechanisms by which the…
Describe Clostridium Botulinum
Describe Staphylococcus aureus?
Describe Clostridium Perfringens
...
- Produces a deadly exotoxin that attacks that nerve system c…
- Food poisoning ... - likes to grow in protein rich food. ... - TH…
- spore former that causes food poisoning... - Found in contamin…
Understand the mechanisms by which the…
...
Describe Clostridium Botulinum
- Produces a deadly exotoxin that attacks that nerve system c…
Chapter 22 Infectious Diseases
bacteria
infectious disease
pathogen
toxin
simple, single-celled microorganisms that can live almost any…
also known as communicable diseases; are caused by organisms…
organisms that cause disease
bacteria injure cells by giving off poisons called..
bacteria
simple, single-celled microorganisms that can live almost any…
infectious disease
also known as communicable diseases; are caused by organisms…
Chapter 22-Infectious Diseases
Infections Diseases
Microorganism
Pathogens
Bacteria
Organisms that enter, live in, and mutliply in the human body
When organisms are small
Organisms that cause disease
Simple, single-celled microorganisms that can live almost any…
Infections Diseases
Organisms that enter, live in, and mutliply in the human body
Microorganism
When organisms are small
39 terms
Chapter 22 Respiratory diseases
Streptococcal pharyngitis: Causative a…
Streptococcal pharyngitis: Classic S/S
Streptococcal pharyngitis: Miscellaneous
Scarlet fever: Causative agent [pathog…
Streptococcus pyogenes [B]
Tonsil abscesses
Swollen lymph nodes; laryngitis, bronchitis
S. pyogenes [B]
Streptococcal pharyngitis: Causative a…
Streptococcus pyogenes [B]
Streptococcal pharyngitis: Classic S/S
Tonsil abscesses
24 terms
Chapter 22: Genetic Diseases
Amniocentesis
Chronic villi sampling
Chromosomal mutation
Congenital disorder
Withdrawal of amniotic fluid for testing
A test done early in pregnancy to detect genetic problem
Mutation that involves a change in the number of chromosomes…
Present at birth
Amniocentesis
Withdrawal of amniotic fluid for testing
Chronic villi sampling
A test done early in pregnancy to detect genetic problem
16 terms
Microbio diseases chapter 22
acne symptoms
acne pathogenesis and epidemiology
staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome s…
staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome p…
comedo-skin swells over pore- whitehead (when swollen skin bl…
pathogenesis: Hypercornification of hair follicle (the pore c…
malaise, irritability, fever, sensitive red rash with sandpap…
pathogenesis: exfoliant is produced by organisms at an infect…
acne symptoms
comedo-skin swells over pore- whitehead (when swollen skin bl…
acne pathogenesis and epidemiology
pathogenesis: Hypercornification of hair follicle (the pore c…
Chapter 22 Infectious Diseases
infectious disease
microorganisms
pathogen
bacteria
a disease caused by organisms that enter, live in , and multi…
an organism that can be seen only through a microscope
an organism that causes disease
small, single-celled organism that can live almost anywhere
infectious disease
a disease caused by organisms that enter, live in , and multi…
microorganisms
an organism that can be seen only through a microscope
36 terms
Diseases Chapter 22 & 23
Septicemia
Lymphangitis
Toxemia
Streptococcal Toxic Shock Like Syndrome
Numerous bacteria; opportunistic normal flora
Numerous bacteria; opportunistic normal flora
...
Streptococcus
Septicemia
Numerous bacteria; opportunistic normal flora
Lymphangitis
Numerous bacteria; opportunistic normal flora
20 terms
Chapter 22 MICROBIO DIseases
Haemophilus Influenzae Meningitis
Meningococcal Meningitis
Pneumococcal Meningitis
Listeriosis
H. Influenzae
Neisseria meningitidis
Streptococcus pneumoniae
Listeria monocytogenes
Haemophilus Influenzae Meningitis
H. Influenzae
Meningococcal Meningitis
Neisseria meningitidis
Microbiology - Chapter 22 Diseases
Polio
Rabies
Listeriosis
Meningitis
Microbe: Virus... Signs & symptoms: fever, headache, sore throat…
Microbe: Virus ... Signs & symptoms: mouth and pharynx muscle sp…
Microbe: bacteria (Listeria monocytogenus)... Signs & symptoms:…
Microbe: bacteria, virus or fungus... Signs & symptoms: fever, h…
Polio
Microbe: Virus... Signs & symptoms: fever, headache, sore throat…
Rabies
Microbe: Virus ... Signs & symptoms: mouth and pharynx muscle sp…
20 terms
Microbiology Chapter 22 Diseases
Haemophilus Influenzae Meningitis
Meningoccocal Meningitis
Pneumococcal Meningitis
Listeriosis
M. influenzae
Neisseria meningitidis
Streptococcus pneumoniae
Listeria monocytogenes
Haemophilus Influenzae Meningitis
M. influenzae
Meningoccocal Meningitis
Neisseria meningitidis
40 terms
Infectious Diseases Chapter 22
Clostrium Key Points
Clostrium Specimen Collection
Clostrium- Detection and Differentiation
Neurotoxic Clostridia- Tetanus
-Large gram positive rods... -Endospores produced... -Strict anaero…
-Ensure survival of these anaerobic bacteria... ----Obtain speci…
-Colonial morphology... -Miniaturized biochemical tests... -PCR tes…
-Acute potentially fatal intoxication ... -Horses and humans hig…
Clostrium Key Points
-Large gram positive rods... -Endospores produced... -Strict anaero…
Clostrium Specimen Collection
-Ensure survival of these anaerobic bacteria... ----Obtain speci…
20 terms
Microbiology Chapter 22 Diseases
Haemophilus Influenzae Meningitis
Meningococcal Meningitis
Pneumococcal Meningitis
Listeriosis
Haemophilus influenzae
Neisseria meningitidis
Streptococus pneumoniae
Listeria monocytogenes
Haemophilus Influenzae Meningitis
Haemophilus influenzae
Meningococcal Meningitis
Neisseria meningitidis
Chapter 22- Infectious Diseases
Bacteria
Infectious Disease
Pathogen
Toxin
small, single-celled organism that can live almost anywhere
disease caused by organisms that enter, live in, and multiply…
organisms that cause disease
a poisonous substance
Bacteria
small, single-celled organism that can live almost anywhere
Infectious Disease
disease caused by organisms that enter, live in, and multiply…
30 terms
Microbiology Diseases Chapter 22
Coccidomysosis
Syphillis
Diphtheria vaccine
Laryngotracheobronchitis
Resembles TB & Pnuemonia. Breathe in arthrocidia, then get ye…
Spirochete bacterium, treponema pallidum, subspecies pallidum
DTAP
CROUP; parainfluenza virus
Coccidomysosis
Resembles TB & Pnuemonia. Breathe in arthrocidia, then get ye…
Syphillis
Spirochete bacterium, treponema pallidum, subspecies pallidum
51 terms
Chapter 22 Infectious Diseases
infectious diseases
microorganisms
pathogens
bacteria
communicable diseases that are caused by organisms that enter…
when an organism is so small that it can only be seen through…
organisms that cause disease
simple, single-celled microorganisms that can live almost any…
infectious diseases
communicable diseases that are caused by organisms that enter…
microorganisms
when an organism is so small that it can only be seen through…
46 terms
chapter 22: diseases of nervous system
what are some characteristics of clost…
what does clostridium tetani look like…
what is the agent that causes tetanus?
what does the tetanospasmin do to caus…
gram +, endospores +, obligate anaerobe, found in soil or fec…
clostridium tetani
it will be released upon death of a growing bacteria which wi…
what are some characteristics of clost…
gram +, endospores +, obligate anaerobe, found in soil or fec…
what does clostridium tetani look like…
32 terms
Chapter 22: Nervous System Diseases
Central Nervous System (CNS)
Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
Meninges
Dura mater
A subdivision of the human nervous system comprising the brai…
network of nerves carrying signals into and out of the centra…
protect brain and spinal cord (CNS)
outermost later of meninges; "durable" and toughest so on the…
Central Nervous System (CNS)
A subdivision of the human nervous system comprising the brai…
Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
network of nerves carrying signals into and out of the centra…
12 terms
Health Chapter 22 Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Aids
STI
trichomoniasis
HPV Human Papilloma Virus
Chlamydia
Sexually transmitted infection--any pathogen that spreads fro…
caused by a protozoan that infects the urinary tract or vagina
the most common STI
the most common STI caused by bacteria
STI
Sexually transmitted infection--any pathogen that spreads fro…
trichomoniasis
caused by a protozoan that infects the urinary tract or vagina
44 terms
Microbiology 121 - Chapter 22: Diseases of the Nervous System
Central Nervous System (CNS)
Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
Bacterial meningitis
Clostridium sp. intoxication with neur…
The brain and spinal cord
All of the nerves that branch off of the brain and spinal cord
Haemophilus influenzae Meningitis... Meningococcal Meningitis…
Tetanus... Botulism
Central Nervous System (CNS)
The brain and spinal cord
Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
All of the nerves that branch off of the brain and spinal cord
Chapter 22- Wildlife Diseases
Wildlife Disease
Epizootiology
Enzootic
Epizootic
originates from infectious pathogens and non-infectious agents
how and why of diseases
chronic diseases
eruptive diseases that spread rapidly from animal to animal
Wildlife Disease
originates from infectious pathogens and non-infectious agents
Epizootiology
how and why of diseases
Microbiology Chapter 22 Microbial Diseases of the Nervous System
Central Nervous System (CNS)
Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
meningitis
encephalitis
consists of the brain and spinal cord
consists of all the nerves that branch off from the brain and…
general term for the inflammation of the meninges... *The menin…
general term for the inflammation of the brain itself
Central Nervous System (CNS)
consists of the brain and spinal cord
Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
consists of all the nerves that branch off from the brain and…
38 terms
Microbiology Chapter 22 - Diseases of the Nervous System
CNS (Central Nervous System)
PNS (Peripheral Nervous System)
Meninges
Subarachnoid space
composed of the brain and spinal cord. It is a protected envi…
all nerves that branch off from the brain and spinal cord
trilaminar membrane system that protects brain and spinal cord
holds cerebrospinal fluid
CNS (Central Nervous System)
composed of the brain and spinal cord. It is a protected envi…
PNS (Peripheral Nervous System)
all nerves that branch off from the brain and spinal cord
21 terms
Chapter 22: Microbial Diseases of the Nervous System
Central Nervous System (CNS)
Peripheral Nervous System
Menings
Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF)
brain & spinal cord
all the nerves that branch off from the CNS throughout body
membranes which surround brain & spinal cord
fluid that circulates between the arachnoid & pia mater in ve…
Central Nervous System (CNS)
brain & spinal cord
Peripheral Nervous System
all the nerves that branch off from the CNS throughout body
diseases chapter 22
1. Chronic Diarrhea
2. Gastric Ulcers
3. Mumps
4. Tooth and Gum Infections
Disease Name Primary cause is rotavirus... and e coli... Where in t…
Disease Name Helicobacter pylori... Where in the intestines ... Wh…
Disease Name Paramyxovirus or "mumps virus"... Where Can invade…
Disease Name Gingivitis and Necrotizing Ulcerative Type... Trepo…
1. Chronic Diarrhea
Disease Name Primary cause is rotavirus... and e coli... Where in t…
2. Gastric Ulcers
Disease Name Helicobacter pylori... Where in the intestines ... Wh…
Chapter 22- Nervous System Diseases
Haemophilus influenzae- Meningitis
Neisseria meningitidis (Menigococcus)…
Streptococcus pneumoniae (Pneumococcal…
Listeria monocytogenes- Meningitis
a bacterial infection of the membranes covering the brain and…
gram-negative diplococcus that is carried in the nasopharynx…
a gram-positive coccus, is the most common bacterial cause of…
a small gram-positive bacillus that causes 3% of bacterial me…
Haemophilus influenzae- Meningitis
a bacterial infection of the membranes covering the brain and…
Neisseria meningitidis (Menigococcus)…
gram-negative diplococcus that is carried in the nasopharynx…
CHAPTER 22: MICROBIAL DISEASES OF THE CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM
The central nervous system consists of
The peripheral nervous system consists…
Inflammation of the meninges
Inflammation of the brain
brain and spinal cord
cranial nerves, spinal nerves, ganglia and associated sensory…
meningitis
encephalitis
The central nervous system consists of
brain and spinal cord
The peripheral nervous system consists…
cranial nerves, spinal nerves, ganglia and associated sensory…
Chapter 22: Oral Diseases
5 major functions
normal microflora of mouth
viral oral: mumps
viral oral: herpes simplex virus
1. movement of food materials through the tract... 2. secretion…
8x10^10 microbes swallowed through food... mouth - normal microf…
paramyxorius virus (MMR), invades oropharynx and causes swell…
high variability, latent
5 major functions
1. movement of food materials through the tract... 2. secretion…
normal microflora of mouth
8x10^10 microbes swallowed through food... mouth - normal microf…
Chapter 22: GI Diseases
Bacterial: enterotoxicosis
bacterial: S. aureus
bacterial: gram +, soil associated
bacterial: salmonella
food poisoning associated with bacterial toxins
skin, handling/prep of food, particularly resistant to heat/d…
clostridium perfringens, clostridium botulinum, bacillus cereus
gram -... CA = S. enteritidis... - surface antigen variation ... CA =…
Bacterial: enterotoxicosis
food poisoning associated with bacterial toxins
bacterial: S. aureus
skin, handling/prep of food, particularly resistant to heat/d…
Chapter 22: Microbial Diseases
Haemophilus influenzae
Neisseria meningitidis
Streptococcus pneumoniae
Listeria monocytogenes
meningitis... symptoms: inflammation of meninges... prevention: Hib…
meningococcal meningitis ... symptoms: throat infection, rash, i…
pneumococcal meningitis ... symptoms: inflammation of meninges... p…
listeriosis... symptoms: fever, nausea, spread to CNS... treatment:…
Haemophilus influenzae
meningitis... symptoms: inflammation of meninges... prevention: Hib…
Neisseria meningitidis
meningococcal meningitis ... symptoms: throat infection, rash, i…
77 terms
Chapter 22 microbial diseases of the nervous system
What is bacterial meningitis?
What is the most common meningitis?
What is the most serve that secrete to…
What is encephalitis
inflammation of mengines
viral meningitis
bacterial meningitis
inflammation of the brain itself
What is bacterial meningitis?
inflammation of mengines
What is the most common meningitis?
viral meningitis
36 terms
Chapter 22 Nutrition and Renal Diseases
Kidneys... What is the nephron?
The Nephrotic Syndrome
Consequences of the nephrotic syndrome
Treatment of the nephrotic syndrome
+Filter the blood and remove excess fluid and wastes for elim…
+Disorders causing severe glomerular damage: significant prot…
+Attempting to compensate: liver increases synthesis of vario…
+Requires diagnosis and management of the underlying disorder…
Kidneys... What is the nephron?
+Filter the blood and remove excess fluid and wastes for elim…
The Nephrotic Syndrome
+Disorders causing severe glomerular damage: significant prot…
31 terms
chapter 22 bacterial skin diseases
Acne Vulgaris
Staph. Aureus
Staph Aureus is coagulast + and activa…
staph aureus clumping factor binds.
CA: Proprionibacterium acnes... Gram positive rods ... grows anaer…
found in nostril (nares), skin, hair follicles... CAI AND HAI…
clotting, prevents phagocytosis
glycoprotein fibrin & fibrinogen
Acne Vulgaris
CA: Proprionibacterium acnes... Gram positive rods ... grows anaer…
Staph. Aureus
found in nostril (nares), skin, hair follicles... CAI AND HAI…
24 terms
Chapter 22: Genetics and Genetically Diseases
Aminocentesis
Chorionic villi sampling
Chromosomal mutation
Congenitial disorder
Withdrawal of amniotic fluid for testing
A test done early in pregnancy to detect genetic problems
A mutation that involves a change in the number of chromosome…
Present at birth
Aminocentesis
Withdrawal of amniotic fluid for testing
Chorionic villi sampling
A test done early in pregnancy to detect genetic problems
Micro:Chapter 22: Microbial Diseases of the Respiratory System
An infected person who is asymptomatic…
The lower respiratory system normally…
An organism that attacks the alveolar…
Pathogenic streptococci in the upper r…
carrier
defensins
is in the lower respiratory system
beta-hemolysis......Pathogenic streptococci in the upper resp…
An infected person who is asymptomatic…
carrier
The lower respiratory system normally…
defensins
74 terms
Micro:Chapter 22: Microbial Diseases of the Respiratory System
An infected person who is asymptomatic…
The lower respiratory system normally…
An organism that attacks the alveolar…
Pathogenic streptococci in the upper r…
carrier
defensins
is in the lower respiratory system
beta-hemolysis......Pathogenic streptococci in the upper resp…
An infected person who is asymptomatic…
carrier
The lower respiratory system normally…
defensins
27 terms
Diseases and Symptoms (Chapter 22 and 24)
Strep throat
Diphtheria
Pink eye, earache, sinus infection
The common cold
Sore, red throat with pus and tiny hemorrhages, enlargement a…
Sore throat, fever, fatigue, and malaise, membrane forms on t…
Increased tears, redness of the conjunctiva, swelling of the…
Scratchy throat, cloudy and greenish nasal discharge, malaise…
Strep throat
Sore, red throat with pus and tiny hemorrhages, enlargement a…
Diphtheria
Sore throat, fever, fatigue, and malaise, membrane forms on t…
Chapter 22 - Diseases of the Nervous System
Haemophilus Influenzae Meningitis
Meningoccocal Meningitis
Pneumococcal Meningitis
LIsteriosis
Bacterial... Pathogen: H. influenzae... Entry: respiratory tract... Tr…
Bacterial... Pathogen: Neisseria meningitidis... Entry: respiratory…
Bacterial... Pathogen: Streptococcus pneumoniae... Entry: respirato…
Bacterial... Pathogen: Listeria monocytogenes... Entry: mouth... Trans…
Haemophilus Influenzae Meningitis
Bacterial... Pathogen: H. influenzae... Entry: respiratory tract... Tr…
Meningoccocal Meningitis
Bacterial... Pathogen: Neisseria meningitidis... Entry: respiratory…
15 terms
Chapter 22: Diseases of the Nervous System
CNS
PNS
meninges
dura mater
central nervous system
peripheral nervous system
cover brain and spinal cord
outer meninges
CNS
central nervous system
PNS
peripheral nervous system
Chapter 22 diseases of the Nervous System
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Meninges
Outer membrane
The brain and the spinal cord
All the nerves that branch off the brain and spinal cord
Membranes that cover the brain and spinal cord
Dura matter
Central Nervous System
The brain and the spinal cord
Peripheral Nervous System
All the nerves that branch off the brain and spinal cord
Diseases of the Nervous System Chapter 22
Two components of the nervous system
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Blood-Brain Barrier
1. Central Nervous System... 2. Peripheral Nervous System
Brain and Spinal Cord
All the nerves that branch off of the brain and spinal cord
Capillaries within the brain that are less permeable than oth…
Two components of the nervous system
1. Central Nervous System... 2. Peripheral Nervous System
Central Nervous System
Brain and Spinal Cord
Chapter 22 Disease transmission
Acquired immunity
Acute infection
Artificially acquired immunity
Chronic infection
Immunity that is developed during a person's lifetime.
An infection of short duration that is often severe
Immunity that results from a vaccination
An infection of long duration
Acquired immunity
Immunity that is developed during a person's lifetime.
Acute infection
An infection of short duration that is often severe
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