Study sets matching "diseases disorders"

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Study sets matching "diseases disorders"

8 terms
Diseases & Disorders
Anthracnose
Black Spot
Fireblight
Powdery Mildew
Anthracnose
Black Spot
18 terms
Diseases and disorders
Bursitis
Fracture
Vertebrae
Herniated disk
An inflammation of the bursa.
Is a break in a bone.
The individual bones that make up the spinal column.
The rupture in the spinal disc.
Bursitis
An inflammation of the bursa.
Fracture
Is a break in a bone.
Diseases and Disorders
AIDS
HIV
gonorrhea
chlamydia
Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome; affects the body's abili…
Human Immunodeficiency Virus; the virus that causes AIDS
a sexually transmitted disease that affects the affects the l…
a sexually transmitted disease that affects the vagina in fem…
AIDS
Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome; affects the body's abili…
HIV
Human Immunodeficiency Virus; the virus that causes AIDS
33 terms
Diseases and Disorders
Open comedo
Closed comedo
Lentigines
Hyperhidrosis
This is also known as a blackhead, it occurs when a follicle…
The technical term for a whitehead, it occurs when the follic…
The technical term for freckles, present as small yellow colo…
Excessive perspiration caused by heat or general body weaknes…
Open comedo
This is also known as a blackhead, it occurs when a follicle…
Closed comedo
The technical term for a whitehead, it occurs when the follic…
Diseases and Disorders
DNA methylation... Rett Syndrome... Genetic…
DNA methylation ... Prader-Willi Syndrome…
DNA methylation... Angelman Syndrome ... Gen…
DNA replication ... Bloom Syndrome
GI:Mutation in MECP2 gene located on X Chromosome, sporadic n…
GI: DNA methylation alterations. Imprinting (silences via DNA…
GI:gene region on maternal 15 (long arm) that incoroporates D…
GI:Autosomal recessive, Chr. 15 Abnormal DNA replication; gen…
DNA methylation... Rett Syndrome... Genetic…
GI:Mutation in MECP2 gene located on X Chromosome, sporadic n…
DNA methylation ... Prader-Willi Syndrome…
GI: DNA methylation alterations. Imprinting (silences via DNA…
21 terms
Diseases/Disorders
Atopic Dermatitis (Eczema)
Molluscum contagiosum
Raynaud Phenomenon (Syndrome)
Addison's disease
Swelling in strata of skin. Caused by compromise in border be…
Viral infection seen in children and immune compromised adult…
Blanching of skin or digits in cold temperatures
Hyperpigmentation of the skin caused by interaction of hormon…
Atopic Dermatitis (Eczema)
Swelling in strata of skin. Caused by compromise in border be…
Molluscum contagiosum
Viral infection seen in children and immune compromised adult…
Diseases/Disorders
Autism
MRSA (Methicillin-resistant Staphyloco…
Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
Salmonella
Developmental disorder, characterized by preoccupation with i…
A bacteria that is resistant to methicillin and other more co…
A mental illness caused by living through or seeing a dangero…
Food poisoning
Autism
Developmental disorder, characterized by preoccupation with i…
MRSA (Methicillin-resistant Staphyloco…
A bacteria that is resistant to methicillin and other more co…
Diseases/Disorders
In Trisomy 21, ___% have heart problem…
The risk of having a child with Trisom…
Clenched hands, rocker bottom feet
90% perinatal lethality. Small gestati…
50, 75, 60
1, 2.8, 10.4
Trisomy 18
Trisomy 18
In Trisomy 21, ___% have heart problem…
50, 75, 60
The risk of having a child with Trisom…
1, 2.8, 10.4
24 terms
plant diseases and disorders
N deficiency
P deficiency
root rot
galls
All plants require sufficient supplies of macronutrients for…
Crops usually display no obvious symptoms of phosphorus defic…
Root rot is a condition found in both indoor and outdoor plan…
Galls or cecidia are a kind of swelling growth on the externa…
N deficiency
All plants require sufficient supplies of macronutrients for…
P deficiency
Crops usually display no obvious symptoms of phosphorus defic…
32 terms
CHAPTER SKIN DISORDERS AND DISEASES
ALBINISM (AL-bi-niz-em)
ABCD
AGING SKIN
CHILDREN
CONGENITAL LEUKODERMA, OR ABSENCE OF MELANIN PIGMENT OF THE B…
AMERICAN CANCER SOCIETY CANCER CHECKLIST... A-ASYMMETRY... B-BORDER…
AS WE AGE THE COLLAGEN AND ELASTIC FIBERS OF THE SKIN NATURAL…
TO PROTECT BABIES - UNDER THE AGE OF 6 MONTH SHOULD NOT BE EX…
ALBINISM (AL-bi-niz-em)
CONGENITAL LEUKODERMA, OR ABSENCE OF MELANIN PIGMENT OF THE B…
ABCD
AMERICAN CANCER SOCIETY CANCER CHECKLIST... A-ASYMMETRY... B-BORDER…
Diseases and Disorders
Cerebrovascular Accident (CVA)
Arrhythmia
Athletic Heart Syndrome
Aneurysm
cardio - stroke; sudden impairment of blood flow to the brain…
cardio - any abnormal changes in heart rhythm
cardio - series of cardiac changes resulting from strenuous e…
cardio - ballooning out of the wall of an artery
Cerebrovascular Accident (CVA)
cardio - stroke; sudden impairment of blood flow to the brain…
Arrhythmia
cardio - any abnormal changes in heart rhythm
Diseases and Disorders
Addison's Disease ... (HINT: it's an adre…
Cushings
will a patient with hypercalcemia, hyp…
A patient that has hypocalcemia, hyper…
The adrenal glands are a pair of triangular-shaped, hormone-p…
Addisons
Cushings
Addison's Disease ... (HINT: it's an adre…
The adrenal glands are a pair of triangular-shaped, hormone-p…
Cushings
59 terms
Diseases and Disorders
bulla
macule
papule
pustule
large blister containing watery fluid
flat spot or discoloration on the skin, such as a freckle or…
small elevation on the skin that contains no fluid, but may d…
inflamed papule with a white or yellow center, containing pus
bulla
large blister containing watery fluid
macule
flat spot or discoloration on the skin, such as a freckle or…
21 terms
Diseases and disorders
chronic disease
acute disease
infectious disease
contagious disease
A chronic disease is one lasting 3 months or more.
A disease or disorder that lasts a short time, comes on rapid…
Infectious diseases are caused by pathogenic microorganisms,…
A contagious disease is a subset category of transmissible di…
chronic disease
A chronic disease is one lasting 3 months or more.
acute disease
A disease or disorder that lasts a short time, comes on rapid…
Nail Diseases and Disorders
Fungus
Onychomycosis or Tinea Unguium
Paronychia
Onychoptosis
Fungus
Onychomycosis or Tinea Unguium
98 terms
Diseases & Disorders
Testicular Cancer
Obesity
Scoliosis
Cataracts
A cancerous lump or swelling in the testicle, a feeling of he…
Abnormal amount of body fat.
Abnormal curvature of the spine.
Abnormal loss of transparency of lens.
Testicular Cancer
A cancerous lump or swelling in the testicle, a feeling of he…
Obesity
Abnormal amount of body fat.
62 terms
Diseases and Disorders
Acne
AIDS
Alzheimer's Disease
Aneurysm
Inflammatory disease of the sebaceous glands and hair follicl…
Syndrome of opportunistic infections that occur as the final…
Chronic, organic mental disorder, a form of pre-senile dement…
Localized abnormal dilation of a blood vessel usually an arte…
Acne
Inflammatory disease of the sebaceous glands and hair follicl…
AIDS
Syndrome of opportunistic infections that occur as the final…
12 terms
Diseases/Disorders
Bursitis
Fracture
Herniated Disk
Joint Effusion
Inflammation of the bursa or a pad-like sac filled with lubri…
A break in the bone.
When a spinal disk becomes less elastic and may rupture.
An increase in the amount of fluid within the synovial (freel…
Bursitis
Inflammation of the bursa or a pad-like sac filled with lubri…
Fracture
A break in the bone.
Nail Disorders & Diseases
Onychorrhexis
Nail Pterygium
Beau Lines
Eggshells nails
Abnormal brittleness of nail plate. -split or brittle nails.
Abnormal stretching of the skin around nail plate / poorly ke…
Visible depression across the width of the natural nail.
Noticeably thin, white and flexible nail plate.
Onychorrhexis
Abnormal brittleness of nail plate. -split or brittle nails.
Nail Pterygium
Abnormal stretching of the skin around nail plate / poorly ke…
16 terms
diseases and disorders
anthracnose
black spot
botrytis blight
brown patch
anthracnose
black spot
39 terms
Diseases & Disorders (skin)
Acne
Albino
Albinism
Alopecia
A common consequence of accelerated sebaceous gland activity…
Individual lacking normal body pigment (melanin).
A DISORDER caused by the absence of the skin pigment melanin…
loss of hair
Acne
A common consequence of accelerated sebaceous gland activity…
Albino
Individual lacking normal body pigment (melanin).
Diseases and disorders
Rheumatoid arthritis
Arthritis
Degenerative joint disease (osteoarthr…
rheumatoid arthritis
Inflammation of a joint, leading to pain and stiffness. 100 c…
Most common type of arthritis gradual degeneration of a joint…
General connective autoimmune disorder that predominately aff…
Rheumatoid arthritis
Arthritis
Inflammation of a joint, leading to pain and stiffness. 100 c…
23 terms
diseases and disorders
aphakia
blepharitis
blepharoptosis
conjunctivitis
condition of without a lens, may be congenital, though often…
inflammation of the eyelid
drooping of the eyelid
inflammation of the conjunctiva
aphakia
condition of without a lens, may be congenital, though often…
blepharitis
inflammation of the eyelid
Diseases and disorders
Alopecia
Alopecia Areata
Alopecia Totalis
Androgenic Alopecia
Partial or complete hair loss, either in patches or on the en…
Patchy hair loss, cannot be cured.
Hair loss of the whole head.
Known as male-pattern hair loss
Alopecia
Partial or complete hair loss, either in patches or on the en…
Alopecia Areata
Patchy hair loss, cannot be cured.
136 terms
Diseases and Disorders
Acute Renal Failure
Chronic Renal Failure
Cystitis
Dysuria
Sudden loss of the kidney's ability to remove waste
Gradual, progressive loss of the kidney's ability to remove w…
Inflammation of bladder ... when bacteria infect lower urinary t…
difficult or painful unrination
Acute Renal Failure
Sudden loss of the kidney's ability to remove waste
Chronic Renal Failure
Gradual, progressive loss of the kidney's ability to remove w…
diseases and disorders
Bacterial canker
Rose black spot
Potato blight
Botrytis
Shot holes in leaves, brown and dry. Oozing gel like substance.
Large black or dark purple spots on the surface of leaves or…
Fungal disease. Dark brown or black patches, surrounded by pa…
Common signs include grey mould on leaves, stems, fruits, flo…
Bacterial canker
Shot holes in leaves, brown and dry. Oozing gel like substance.
Rose black spot
Large black or dark purple spots on the surface of leaves or…
Skin Disorders and Diseases
Albinism
Allergic contact dermatitis
Anaerobic
Anhidrosis
absence of melanin pigment of the body including the skin, ha…
an allergy to an ingredient or a chemical, usually caused by…
cannot survive in the presence of oxygen
deficiency in the perspiration, often a... result of fever or ce…
Albinism
absence of melanin pigment of the body including the skin, ha…
Allergic contact dermatitis
an allergy to an ingredient or a chemical, usually caused by…
27 terms
Nail Disorders and Diseases
onychia
paronychia
melanonychia
onycholysis
inflammation of the nail matrix
bacterial inflammation of the tissues surrounding the nail
dark band of increased pigment
lifting of the nail plate
onychia
inflammation of the nail matrix
paronychia
bacterial inflammation of the tissues surrounding the nail
Diseases and disorders
Acne
Alopecia
first-degree burns
second-degree burns
A disorder that affects the sebaceous glands
An acute or chronic loss of scalp hair
Mild burns that involve only the epidermis (do not produce sc…
burns that extend through the epidermis and into the dermis,…
Acne
A disorder that affects the sebaceous glands
Alopecia
An acute or chronic loss of scalp hair
20 terms
Skin Disorders and Diseases
Primary skin lesions. These illustrati…
Bulla
Papules and Pustules
Poison Oak Vesicles
A large blister containing a watery fluid: smiilar to a vesic…
A small elevation on the skin that contains no fluid gbut may…
A small bluster or sac containing clear fluid, lying within o…
Primary skin lesions. These illustrati…
Bulla
A large blister containing a watery fluid: smiilar to a vesic…
56 terms
Diseases and Disorders
Communicable Disease
Pathogen
Infection
Viruses
A disease that is spread from one living thing to another or…
Organism that causes disease.
A condition that occurs when pathogens enter the body, multip…
Pieces of genetic material surrounded by a protein coat.
Communicable Disease
A disease that is spread from one living thing to another or…
Pathogen
Organism that causes disease.
53 terms
Skin Diseases and Disorders
Albinism
Allergic Contact dermatitis
Anaerobic
Anhidrosis
Congenital hypopigmentation or absence of melanin.
An allergic reaction to repeated exposure of a chemical aka s…
Cannot survive in the presence of oxygen.
Deficiency in perspiration.
Albinism
Congenital hypopigmentation or absence of melanin.
Allergic Contact dermatitis
An allergic reaction to repeated exposure of a chemical aka s…
30 terms
Diseases and Disorders
Infectious Diseases
Parasites
Virus
Transmission
Diseases that are caused by infecting organisms; they can be…
microscopic organisms that take nourishment from hosts
A tiny, nonliving particle that invades and then reproduces i…
Transfer, such as of a disease, from one person to another
Infectious Diseases
Diseases that are caused by infecting organisms; they can be…
Parasites
microscopic organisms that take nourishment from hosts
Skin Disorders and Diseases
Primary skin lesions. These illustrati…
Bulla
Papules and Pustules
Poison Oak Vesicles
A large blister containing a watery fluid: smiilar to a vesic…
A small elevation on the skin that contains no fluid gbut may…
A small bluster or sac containing clear fluid, lying within o…
Primary skin lesions. These illustrati…
Bulla
A large blister containing a watery fluid: smiilar to a vesic…
63 terms
Diseases and Disorders
ec-
par-
actin/o
aden/o
outside of
alongside, abnormal
radiation
gland
ec-
outside of
par-
alongside, abnormal
8 terms
Diseases & Disorders
Down Syndrome
Klinefelter Syndrome
Triple X Syndrome
XYY Syndrome
...
...
...
...
Down Syndrome
...
Klinefelter Syndrome
...
43 terms
diseases/disorders
What are three symptoms of type I DM?
Is there a way to prevent type I DM?
How do you treat type I DM?
What is lupus?
fatigue, sweating, nausea
no
maintaining your weight and diet
an autoimmune condition
What are three symptoms of type I DM?
fatigue, sweating, nausea
Is there a way to prevent type I DM?
no
5 terms
Muscular System Diseases and Disorders
gangrene
sprain
strain
muscular dystrophy
caused by clostridium bacteria, which kills muscle tissue
result of torn ligament fibers
result of a sudden tearing of muscle fibers during exertion,…
inherited disease that causes progressive deterioration of th…
gangrene
caused by clostridium bacteria, which kills muscle tissue
sprain
result of torn ligament fibers
24 terms
disease and disorders
athletes foot
boils
herpes simplex 1
dermitis
athletes foot
boils
Diseases and Disorders
communicable disease
pathogen
infection
viruses
a disease that is spread from one living thing to another or…
an organism that causes diseases
a condition that occurs when pathogens enter the body, multip…
pieces of genetic material surrounded by a protein coat
communicable disease
a disease that is spread from one living thing to another or…
pathogen
an organism that causes diseases
56 terms
Diseases/Disorders
Alzheimer's Disease
Antisocial personality disorder
Anxiety disorder
Avoidant personality disorder
Most prevalent form of dementia, characterized behaviorally b…
characterized by a history of serious behavior problems begin…
Anxiety is an emotional state of unpleasant physical and ment…
feelings of inadequacy, inferiority, and undesirability, and…
Alzheimer's Disease
Most prevalent form of dementia, characterized behaviorally b…
Antisocial personality disorder
characterized by a history of serious behavior problems begin…
6 terms
Diseases/disorders
Hernia
Rotator cuff
Shin splints
Strain
When an organ protrudes through a week muscle
Inflammation of a group of tendons that fuse together
Injury to muscle tendon in the front of the shin
A tear in a muscle resulting from excessive use
Hernia
When an organ protrudes through a week muscle
Rotator cuff
Inflammation of a group of tendons that fuse together
19 terms
Disorders/Diseases
Dematitis
Excoriation
Bulla
Chloasma
inflammation of the skin from any cause resulting in a range…
occurs through the scraping of the epidermal layer or skin's…
large blister containing clear, watery fluid
also known as Liver Spots or Moth Patches, are non-elevated,…
Dematitis
inflammation of the skin from any cause resulting in a range…
Excoriation
occurs through the scraping of the epidermal layer or skin's…
Disorders/Diseases
Tay Saches Disease - Recessive
Albinism - Recessive
Galactosemia - Recessive
Phenylketonuria - Recessive
Lipid accumulation in brain cells, death in early childhood
Lack of skin pigmentation
Accumulation of galactose in tissues, damage to eye, liver an…
Phenylalanine buildup in tissue, brain damage or possible sei…
Tay Saches Disease - Recessive
Lipid accumulation in brain cells, death in early childhood
Albinism - Recessive
Lack of skin pigmentation
Diseases & Disorders
Luekemia
Bursitis
Osteoporosis
Sprains
Cancer in which white blood cells multiply affecting the prod…
Causes pain in the body's joints and Inflamation of the bursa
Loss of bine tissue; bone loses calcium
Injury to a ligament or to the tissue that covers a joint
Luekemia
Cancer in which white blood cells multiply affecting the prod…
Bursitis
Causes pain in the body's joints and Inflamation of the bursa
19 terms
diseases/disorders
osteogenesis imperfecta
scurvey
pellagra
Barth syndrome
brittle bone disease that occurs from a collagen deficiency o…
results from a vitamin C deficiency. vitamin C normally produ…
results from a niacin or tryptophan deficiency. 4 ds: dementi…
results from a mutation on the X chromosome in the gene codin…
osteogenesis imperfecta
brittle bone disease that occurs from a collagen deficiency o…
scurvey
results from a vitamin C deficiency. vitamin C normally produ…
32 terms
diseases / disorders
AIDS
ASCVD
ASHD
CA
acquired immune deficiency syndrome
arteriosclerosis cardiovascular disease
arteriosclerosis heart disease
cancer
AIDS
acquired immune deficiency syndrome
ASCVD
arteriosclerosis cardiovascular disease
14 terms
Diseases/disorders
Dislocation
Gout
Kyphosis
Lordosis
Bone that is displaced from its proper position in a joint
Increase in uric acid in blood stream
Humped curvature in the thoracic area of the spine
Exaggerated curvature of the lumbar region of the spine just…
Dislocation
Bone that is displaced from its proper position in a joint
Gout
Increase in uric acid in blood stream
Diseases/ disorders
Nephritis
Uremia
Hydronpherosis
Renal calcui
Inflammation of kidney, infection, arteriosclerosis
Urine substance in blood, nephron unable to filter out waste
Expanded renal, pelvis, caused by kidney stone, tumor prevent…
Development from liquid waste from the blood to a solid
Nephritis
Inflammation of kidney, infection, arteriosclerosis
Uremia
Urine substance in blood, nephron unable to filter out waste
Diseases/Disorders
Parkinson's disease
Myasthenia Gravis
Multiple Sclerosis
ALS
- S/sx:... - Tremors (pill rolling)... - Akinesia (decrease autom…
- S/sx:... - Muscular weakness from repeated movements... - Weakn…
- S/sx:... - Vision changes... - Changes in motor sensation... - Co…
- S/sx:... - Progressive muscular weakness... - Begins in upper e…
Parkinson's disease
- S/sx:... - Tremors (pill rolling)... - Akinesia (decrease autom…
Myasthenia Gravis
- S/sx:... - Muscular weakness from repeated movements... - Weakn…
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