Study sets matching "disorders abnormal psychology"

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Study sets matching "disorders abnormal psychology"

Abnormal Psychology Personality Disorders
Personality Disorders
Paranoid Personality Disorders
Schizoid
Schizotypal
pattern of inner experience and behaviour that deviates marke…
Assumes others will exploit, harm, or deceive them
Extreme detachment from social relationships
Extreme discomfort in social relationships
Personality Disorders
pattern of inner experience and behaviour that deviates marke…
Paranoid Personality Disorders
Assumes others will exploit, harm, or deceive them
Abnormal Psychology: Personality Disorders
Paranoid P.D. (odd/eccentric)
Schizoid P.D. (odd/eccentric)
Schizotypal P.D. (odd/eccentric)
Antisocial P.D. (dramatic/erratic)
distrust and suspiciousness of others
detachment from social relationships, restricted range of emo…
lacks capacity for close relationships, cognitive distortions…
disregard for and violation of the rights of others
Paranoid P.D. (odd/eccentric)
distrust and suspiciousness of others
Schizoid P.D. (odd/eccentric)
detachment from social relationships, restricted range of emo…
Abnormal Psychology: Personality Disorders
How many adults have personality disor…
odd or eccentric behavior
dramatic behavior
anxious behavior
9-13%
paranoid, schizoid, schizotypal, personality disorders. suspi…
antisocial, borderline, histrionic, narcissistic PD
avoidant, dependent, obsessive-compulsive PD
How many adults have personality disor…
9-13%
odd or eccentric behavior
paranoid, schizoid, schizotypal, personality disorders. suspi…
72 terms
Psychology ~ Abnormal Disorders
Abnormal
Subjective Discomfort
Social Nonconformity
Statistical Abnormality
Behavioral, emotional, or cognitive dysfunctions that are une…
Feelings of anxiety, depression, or emotional distress.
Disobeying societal standards for normal conduct; usually lea…
Having extreme scores on some dimension, such as intelligence…
Abnormal
Behavioral, emotional, or cognitive dysfunctions that are une…
Subjective Discomfort
Feelings of anxiety, depression, or emotional distress.
24 terms
Abnormal Psychology: Mood Disorders
Major Depressive Disorder (MDD)
Heritability
Serotonin transported protein gene
Environmental Factors
Feelings of sadness, helplessness for weeks at a time. More c…
Genetic predisposition combined with environmental factors ca…
Short and long versions. Individuals with two short forms are…
Viral Infections... Birthing process- postpartum depression (20%…
Major Depressive Disorder (MDD)
Feelings of sadness, helplessness for weeks at a time. More c…
Heritability
Genetic predisposition combined with environmental factors ca…
23 terms
Abnormal Psychology Eating Disorders
Eating Disorder
Anorexia Nervosa
Significant perceptual distortions/dis…
restricting
Characterized by disturbed patterns of eating and maladaptive…
marked by a restriction of energy intake relative to body req…
the way they view their body, look or feel fat ... all self wort…
refuse to eat, reduce caloric intake
Eating Disorder
Characterized by disturbed patterns of eating and maladaptive…
Anorexia Nervosa
marked by a restriction of energy intake relative to body req…
Mental Disorders & Abnormal Psychology
Abnormal psychology
Clinical disorders
Personality disorders
Structured clinical interviews
deviance from social norms of acceptability
generally more severe, can be temporary or long-lasting, low…
milder disorders, longstanding, high level of functioning
ask "have you ever" questions regarding symptoms, if no move…
Abnormal psychology
deviance from social norms of acceptability
Clinical disorders
generally more severe, can be temporary or long-lasting, low…
Abnormal Psychology: Disorders
panic disorders
generalized anxiety disorder
Obsessive compulsive disorder
persistent depressive disorder
shortness of breath or hyperventilation, heart palpitations o…
excessive anxiety and worry more days than not about a number…
include both obsessions and compulsions, but it's also possib…
depressed mood for at least 2 years with two or more of the f…
panic disorders
shortness of breath or hyperventilation, heart palpitations o…
generalized anxiety disorder
excessive anxiety and worry more days than not about a number…
Abnormal Psychology: Mood Disorders
Episodes
Major Depressive
Manic
Hypomanic
Major Depressive: 2 weeks... Manic: 1 Week ... Hypomanic: 4+ days
5 symptoms for 2 weeks:... depressed mood most of the day, lost…
3 symptoms for 1 week:... inflated self esteem, decreased need f…
3 manic symptoms for 4+ days
Episodes
Major Depressive: 2 weeks... Manic: 1 Week ... Hypomanic: 4+ days
Major Depressive
5 symptoms for 2 weeks:... depressed mood most of the day, lost…
Abnormal Psychology- Disorders
Somatic Symptom and Related Disorders
Dissociative Disorders
Mood Disorders
Eating Disorders
Somatic Symptom Disorder, Illness Anxiety Disorder, Conversio…
Depersonalization-Derealization Disorder, Dissociative Identi…
Depression, Bipolar, Suicide
Bulimia Nervosa, Anorexia Nervosa, Binge-Eating Disorder, Obe…
Somatic Symptom and Related Disorders
Somatic Symptom Disorder, Illness Anxiety Disorder, Conversio…
Dissociative Disorders
Depersonalization-Derealization Disorder, Dissociative Identi…
14 terms
Abnormal Psychology (Personality Disorders)
What is a Personality Disorder?
Theodore Millon's Definition (also RAJ…
Personality Disorders in general
Types of Personality Disorders
-Not something that is acquired or goes away, it just is... -Usu…
"Personality is the relatively pervasive and enduring pattern…
-Consistant patterns of psychological functioning (thinking,…
Cluster A: odd, eccentric... Cluster B: erratic, dramatic... Cluste…
What is a Personality Disorder?
-Not something that is acquired or goes away, it just is... -Usu…
Theodore Millon's Definition (also RAJ…
"Personality is the relatively pervasive and enduring pattern…
15 terms
Abnormal Psychology: Personality Disorders
Personality disorder
Diagnosis
Cluster A
Cluster B
characterized by inflexible long-standing and maladaptive per…
difficult to diagnose, we all can exhibit some traits to a de…
odd, eccentric behaviors: Paranoid, schizoid and schizotypal
dramatic, emotional or erratic behaviors: antisocial, borderl…
Personality disorder
characterized by inflexible long-standing and maladaptive per…
Diagnosis
difficult to diagnose, we all can exhibit some traits to a de…
39 terms
Abnormal Psychology- Eating Disorders
three types of eating disorders
two main symptom categories
perceptions of self-worth
BMI
1. Anorexia: the restrictors (under eating) 2. Bulimia: The b…
1. food restrictor: reducing the type of food consumed (only…
1. restriction= increases self worth 2. binging= decreases se…
way to measure healthy body weight (height/weight)
three types of eating disorders
1. Anorexia: the restrictors (under eating) 2. Bulimia: The b…
two main symptom categories
1. food restrictor: reducing the type of food consumed (only…
Abnormal Psychology- Eating Disorders
three types of eating disorders
two main symptom categories
perceptions of self-worth
BMI
1. Anorexia: the restrictors (under eating) 2. Bulimia: The b…
1. food restrictor: reducing the type of food consumed (only…
1. restriction= increases self worth 2. binging= decreases se…
way to measure healthy body weight (height/weight)
three types of eating disorders
1. Anorexia: the restrictors (under eating) 2. Bulimia: The b…
two main symptom categories
1. food restrictor: reducing the type of food consumed (only…
50 terms
Abnormal Psychology- Substance related disorders
what is a drug
primary diagnosis
abuse
dependence
anything that can alter your mental or physical functioning l…
looking at all the symptoms and figuring out what is primary…
drug that may interfere with day-to-day functioning
drug use assumes a central role in the day-to-day life of a p…
what is a drug
anything that can alter your mental or physical functioning l…
primary diagnosis
looking at all the symptoms and figuring out what is primary…
Abnormal/Psychological Disorders
Indicators of Abnormality
Maladaptive
DSM-V-TR
Axis 1
Disturbing to others, unusual/atypical, maladaptive, and irra…
Behavior that is harmful/disturbing to the individual.
Reference book that describes symptoms of psychological disor…
Clinical disorders. ex- depression, anxiety
Indicators of Abnormality
Disturbing to others, unusual/atypical, maladaptive, and irra…
Maladaptive
Behavior that is harmful/disturbing to the individual.
40 terms
IB Psychology Abnormal Diagnosis + Disorders
Normality
Abnormality
Diagnosis
Classification
A pattern of thoughts, feelings or behaviour that conforms to…
A psychological condition or behaviour that differs from how…
A decision made based on the information regarding the patien…
A procedure of organisation that first places a term in the g…
Normality
A pattern of thoughts, feelings or behaviour that conforms to…
Abnormality
A psychological condition or behaviour that differs from how…
43 terms
Abnormal Psychological Disorders
Psychological Disorder
Dysfunctional Behaviors
Maladaptive Behavior
Medical Model of Abnormal Behavior
A syndrome marked by a clinically significant disturbance in…
A behavior that interferes with normal day-to-day life.
Behavior used to cope with feeling and situations that are co…
The concept that diseases, in this case psychological disorde…
Psychological Disorder
A syndrome marked by a clinically significant disturbance in…
Dysfunctional Behaviors
A behavior that interferes with normal day-to-day life.
23 terms
Abnormal Psychology - Bipolar Disorder
symptoms of mania (mood)
symptoms of mania (thoughts)
symptoms of mania (self esteem)
symptoms of mania (activity)
- elevated mood (feeling euphoric)... - enhancement of the sense…
- distractable... - unable to concentrate ... - rapid thoughts (fli…
- grandiosity including delusions ... - think they are the life…
- high energy, reduced need for sleep, speech pressure ... - spe…
symptoms of mania (mood)
- elevated mood (feeling euphoric)... - enhancement of the sense…
symptoms of mania (thoughts)
- distractable... - unable to concentrate ... - rapid thoughts (fli…
19 terms
Abnormal Psychology Anxiety disorders
What is it?
Is anxiety always bad?
Anxiety Response Systems
Physical response
A mood state characterized by strong negative emotions and bo…
Higher the anxiety, higher levels of performance
Physical, cognitive, behavioral responses
-Sympathetic nervous system... -digestion, dilated pupils
What is it?
A mood state characterized by strong negative emotions and bo…
Is anxiety always bad?
Higher the anxiety, higher levels of performance
16 terms
Abnormal Psychology Psychotic Disorders
What is schizophrenia?
Positive Symptom
Negative Symptoms
Disorganized Sympoms
Characterized by disturbances in thoughts, emotions, and or b…
symptoms of things added... Delusions:... Erroneous belief that is…
Negative Symptoms - absence or deficit of behaviours that are…
Disorganized Speech:... ◦Loose associations (tangential speech)…
What is schizophrenia?
Characterized by disturbances in thoughts, emotions, and or b…
Positive Symptom
symptoms of things added... Delusions:... Erroneous belief that is…
Disorders of Sex and Gender (Abnormal Psychology)
What are the 2 dysfunctions that affec…
disorder marked by a persistent inabil…
phase of the sexual response cycle con…
male dysfunction marked by a persisten…
- male hypoactive sexual desire disorder... - female sexual inte…
sexual dysfunction
desire phase
male hypoactive sexual desire disorder
What are the 2 dysfunctions that affec…
- male hypoactive sexual desire disorder... - female sexual inte…
disorder marked by a persistent inabil…
sexual dysfunction
41 terms
Abnormal Psychology: Eating disorders
What is an eating disorder?
DSM 5 defines three adult eating disor…
Symptoms of anorexia
What is a normal weight?
Disturbance of eating behavior caused or influenced by severa…
Anorexia Nervosa, Bulimia Nervosa, Binge eating disorder
Refusal to maintain normal weight, disturbance in evaluating…
No formal cutoff; suggested level is 85% of expected body wei…
What is an eating disorder?
Disturbance of eating behavior caused or influenced by severa…
DSM 5 defines three adult eating disor…
Anorexia Nervosa, Bulimia Nervosa, Binge eating disorder
Abnormal Psychology Dissociative Disorders
What is a dissociative disorder?
Dissociative amnesia
Types of dissociative amnesia
Dissociative fugue
people experience disturbance in their memory, extremely rare…
unable to recall important events or info, symptoms not attri…
• Localized (if you lose one set of memories)... • Generalized (…
extreme version of dissociative amnesia, people forget identi…
What is a dissociative disorder?
people experience disturbance in their memory, extremely rare…
Dissociative amnesia
unable to recall important events or info, symptoms not attri…
Abnormal Psychology (Eating Disorders)
Eating Disorders: An Overview
Bulimia Nervosa: Defining Features
Bulimia Nervosa: Associated Features
Bulimia: Facts and Statistics
• Two major types of DSM-5 eating disorder: ... - Anorexia nervo…
• Recurrent episodes of binge eating + compensatory actions.…
• Associated medical features... - Most are within 10% of target…
• Bulimia... - Majority are female (90-95%) ... - Onset around 16 t…
Eating Disorders: An Overview
• Two major types of DSM-5 eating disorder: ... - Anorexia nervo…
Bulimia Nervosa: Defining Features
• Recurrent episodes of binge eating + compensatory actions.…
Abnormal Psychology Dissociative Disorders
Dissociative Disorder
Memory
Dissociative amnesia
Dissociative identity disorder... Used to…
Group of disorders in which some parts of ones memory or iden…
Faculty for recalling past events a/ past learning.
Unable to recall important personal events a/ info.
Two or more separate identities that may not always be aware…
Dissociative Disorder
Group of disorders in which some parts of ones memory or iden…
Memory
Faculty for recalling past events a/ past learning.
59 terms
Abnormal Psychology and Treatment of Psychological Disorders
psychological disorder
ADHD
medical model
DSM 5
deviant, distressful, and dysfunctional patterns of thoughts,…
psychological disorder marked by the appearance by age 7 or o…
the concept that diseases have physical causes that can be di…
a widely used system for classifying psychological disorders
psychological disorder
deviant, distressful, and dysfunctional patterns of thoughts,…
ADHD
psychological disorder marked by the appearance by age 7 or o…
11 terms
Mental Disorders and Abnormal Psychology
Clinical Disorders
Personality Disorders
Schizophrenia
Paranoid Schiz.
- more severe, temp or long lasting, low level of functioning
- milder, longstanding, high level of functioning
- split mind... - usually emerges in late teens and 20s... - irrati…
- delusions of gradeur and or persecution... - normal until disc…
Clinical Disorders
- more severe, temp or long lasting, low level of functioning
Personality Disorders
- milder, longstanding, high level of functioning
34 terms
Abnormal Psychology: Anxiety Disorders
fear
fear is _______________, _____________…
fear activates ...
anxiety
an unpleasant emotion caused by the belief that someone or so…
immediate; present
sympathetic nervous system
a feeling of worry, nervousness, or unease
fear
an unpleasant emotion caused by the belief that someone or so…
fear is _______________, _____________…
immediate; present
16 terms
Eating Disorders (Abnormal Psychology)
Anorexia nervosa
Bulimia nervosa
What is a binge?
Amenorrhea
A disorder marked by the pursuit of extreme thinness and by e…
A disorder marked by frequent eating binges that are followed…
An episode of uncontrollable eating during which person inges…
The absence of menstrual cycles.
Anorexia nervosa
A disorder marked by the pursuit of extreme thinness and by e…
Bulimia nervosa
A disorder marked by frequent eating binges that are followed…
5 terms
Mental Disorders and Abnormal Psychology
split mind
Paranoid (type of schizophrenia)
Catatonic
Disorganized
disturbances of thought that spill over to affect perceptual,…
delusions of grandeur and/or persecution. Seems normal unless…
severe motor disturbance, usually characterized by muscular s…
severe maladaptive behavior (babbling, disorganized thought a…
split mind
disturbances of thought that spill over to affect perceptual,…
Paranoid (type of schizophrenia)
delusions of grandeur and/or persecution. Seems normal unless…
Mental Disorders and Abnormal Psychology
Abnormal Psychology
Mental Disorders
Diagnosing clinical disorders
Schizophrenia
deviance from social norms of acceptability, maladaptive for…
Clinical (more severe, can be temporary or long-lasting, low-…
largely dependent on self-reports, behavioral observations, M…
"split mind" disturbances of thought that spill over to affec…
Abnormal Psychology
deviance from social norms of acceptability, maladaptive for…
Mental Disorders
Clinical (more severe, can be temporary or long-lasting, low-…
26 terms
Abnormal Psychology Eating Disorders
lateral hypothalamus
ventromedial hypothalamus
anorexia nervosa
personality traits of child
lacking center, hunger center, stimulation produces eating, l…
very much center, satiety center, stimulation stops eating, l…
eating disorder, loss of appetite for emotional/nervous reaso…
helpful, conscientious, perfect
lateral hypothalamus
lacking center, hunger center, stimulation produces eating, l…
ventromedial hypothalamus
very much center, satiety center, stimulation stops eating, l…
32 terms
Mental Disorders and Abnormal Psychology
Abnormal Psychology
Types of disorders
Clinical Disorders
Schizophrenia
- Deviance from social norms of acceptability ... - Maladaptive…
- Clinical: more severe, temporary or long lasting, low level…
- hard to diagnose because of self reports... - use structured i…
- "Split mind"... - Late teens early 20s... Irrational thoughts, de…
Abnormal Psychology
- Deviance from social norms of acceptability ... - Maladaptive…
Types of disorders
- Clinical: more severe, temporary or long lasting, low level…
Abnormal Psychology, Treatment of Psychological Disorders
Group Therapies
Flooding
Resistance
Dream Analysis
Therapist led small groups that are cheaper and help people s…
A behavioral technique used to treat phobias in which the cli…
In psychoanalysis, the blocking from consciousness of anxiety…
A psychoanalytic technique in which the therapist interprets…
Group Therapies
Therapist led small groups that are cheaper and help people s…
Flooding
A behavioral technique used to treat phobias in which the cli…
Abnormal Psychology Sexual Disorders
What is normal Sex
Gender Differences in Sexual Behavior
Nature of Gender Dysphoria
Causes of Gender Dysphoria
Multiple partners, Mostly heterosexual, Mostly Monogamous, Co…
Masturbation... Males > Females (Primates Too!)... Causal Premarita…
Man or Woman?... Goal is Not Sexual... Trapped in Body of Wrong Sex…
No Specific Biological Link... Probably Learned Early in Life
What is normal Sex
Multiple partners, Mostly heterosexual, Mostly Monogamous, Co…
Gender Differences in Sexual Behavior
Masturbation... Males > Females (Primates Too!)... Causal Premarita…
50 terms
AP PSYCHOLOGY Abnormal Psychology: Psychological Disorders
Psychological Disorder
Attention-difficult/hyperactivity diso…
Medical model
Agoraphobia
I syndrome marked by clinically significant disturbance in in…
A psychological disorder marked by an appearance by age 7 of…
the concept that diseases have physical causes that can be di…
An abnormal fear of open or public places
Psychological Disorder
I syndrome marked by clinically significant disturbance in in…
Attention-difficult/hyperactivity diso…
A psychological disorder marked by an appearance by age 7 of…
Abnormal Psychology Mood Disorders
What is mood?
What is a mood disorder?
Unipolar Depression
Major depressive Disorder
pervasive and sustained emotional response
Discrete period of time dominated by depressed and/or manic m…
major depressive disorder, dysthymic disorder
> or = 5 of the following (must have one of the first two)... D…
What is mood?
pervasive and sustained emotional response
What is a mood disorder?
Discrete period of time dominated by depressed and/or manic m…
20 terms
Abnormal Psychology Depressive Disorders
Incidence
Prevalence
Why is depression lower among people o…
Cohort
Monthly disorders
Total amount of disorders
Possibly because they were trained in an era of time when you…
A group of individuals followed together over time. OR a grou…
Incidence
Monthly disorders
Prevalence
Total amount of disorders
12 terms
Abnormal Psychology - Disorders
Social Anxiety Disorder
Symptoms and fears associated with Soc…
Types of Specific Phobias
Among people with social anxiety disor…
Persistent, unrealistically intense fear of social situations…
- Avoid situations in which they might be evaluated ... - show s…
- Animal ... - Natural Environment ... - Blood, Injection, and Inju…
At least a third diagnosed also meet the DSM-IV-TR criteria f…
Social Anxiety Disorder
Persistent, unrealistically intense fear of social situations…
Symptoms and fears associated with Soc…
- Avoid situations in which they might be evaluated ... - show s…
Abnormal Psychology Final Disorders
Separation Anxiety Disorder
Childhood Anxiety Disorder
Childhood OCD
Major Depressive Disorder
a childhood disorder marked by excessive anxiety, even panic,…
...
excessive and irrational worries... scared of family... scared to…
triggered by negative events or major changes... headache, stoma…
Separation Anxiety Disorder
a childhood disorder marked by excessive anxiety, even panic,…
Childhood Anxiety Disorder
...
20 terms
Abnormal Psychology Final Disorders
Intermittent Explosive disorder
Oppositional Defiant disorder
Conduct Disorder
pyromania
A 6 year old has recurrent behavioral outbursts with their ma…
This child has a pattern of angry/irritable moods along with…
They have persistent patterns of violating rights of others o…
This person deliberately and purposefully sets fires on more…
Intermittent Explosive disorder
A 6 year old has recurrent behavioral outbursts with their ma…
Oppositional Defiant disorder
This child has a pattern of angry/irritable moods along with…
53 terms
Abnormal Psychology: Eating Disorders
what is they key of anorexia nervosa?
restrictive type
what is the key of binging-purging type?
what are the six main characteristics…
need to be in control
restricts eating, over-exercise, or both
person is still significantly underweight (>85% of recommende…
1. need for control 2. perfectionism 3. depression 4. low sel…
what is they key of anorexia nervosa?
need to be in control
restrictive type
restricts eating, over-exercise, or both
40 terms
Abnormal Psychology and Treatment of disorders
Abnormal
deviant
Distressful
Dysfunctional
away from whats normal
do they violate cultural norms?
strong negative emotional state
impaired in behavior
Abnormal
away from whats normal
deviant
do they violate cultural norms?
10 terms
Abnormal Psychology: Disorders of Childhood and Adolescence
ODD
ADHD
Conduct Disorder
Autism
pervasive patterns of ignoring authority
patterns of hyperactivity and inattention
significant rule breaking that deviates from typical peer beh…
social deficits, repetitive behaviors, lack of understanding…
ODD
pervasive patterns of ignoring authority
ADHD
patterns of hyperactivity and inattention
20 terms
Abnormal Psychology: Neurocognitive Disorders
Who has written more than 300 articles…
What disorder is characterized by a gr…
Approximately what percentage of all c…
What disorder is characterized by the…
Kenneth Rockwood
major cognitive disorder
50%
mild neurocognitive disorder
Who has written more than 300 articles…
Kenneth Rockwood
What disorder is characterized by a gr…
major cognitive disorder
20 terms
Abnormal Psychology - FEEDING AND EATING DISORDERS
Rumination Disorder
Anorexia Nervosa
Feeding and Eating Disorders
Pica
A repeated regurgitation of food occurring after feeding or e…
An intense fear of weight-gain or becoming fat and a disturba…
Characterized by a persistent disturbance of eating or eating…
Persistent eating of non-nutritive and NONFOOD substances ove…
Rumination Disorder
A repeated regurgitation of food occurring after feeding or e…
Anorexia Nervosa
An intense fear of weight-gain or becoming fat and a disturba…
62 terms
Abnormal/ Psychological Disorders/Treatment
DSM-V
Multiaxial Approach
Somatoform Disorder... Dissociative ... Pers…
Generalized Anxiety Disorder
APA devised the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental D…
Using a variety of approaches to diagnose psychological disor…
1. Physical problems... 2. Splitting apart of crucial parts of p…
The experience of long-term persistent anxiety and worry
DSM-V
APA devised the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental D…
Multiaxial Approach
Using a variety of approaches to diagnose psychological disor…
14 terms
Abnormal Psychology Psychological Disorder of Childhood
Infants
Toddlers
Preschoolers
School Aged Children
Genetic Disorders... Autism Spectrum Disorders... Attachment Disord…
Disruptive Behavior Disorders ... Sleep Disorders
Fears and Anxiety Disorders (separation anxiety, specific fea…
Learning Disorders (reading, written expression, math) ... Disru…
Infants
Genetic Disorders... Autism Spectrum Disorders... Attachment Disord…
Toddlers
Disruptive Behavior Disorders ... Sleep Disorders
29 terms
Section 5.2 Abnormal psychology: psychological disorders
symptomology
etiology
prevalence rate
lifetime prevalence (LTP)
identifying the symptoms of a subject
determining the cause of symptoms of a subject
the measure of the total number of cases of the disorder in a…
the percentage of the population that will experience the dis…
symptomology
identifying the symptoms of a subject
etiology
determining the cause of symptoms of a subject
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