How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

Study sets matching "disorders chapter 5"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "disorders chapter 5"

32 terms
Chapter 5 Skin Diseases and Disorders
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
pathogenic and non-pathogenic
Nonpathogenic bacteria may perform use…
parasites
The _________________ registers many different types of disin…
There are thousands of different kinds of bacteria, but they…
Organisms that grow, feed, and shelter on or in another organ…
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
The _________________ registers many different types of disin…
pathogenic and non-pathogenic
There are thousands of different kinds of bacteria, but they…
CCC Human Genetics Chapter 5 Disorders
Achondroplasia
Cystic Fibrosis
Familial Hypercholesterolemia
Bombay phenotype
Growth factor receptors are missing or wrong. Growth is stunted
Wrong channel protein may cause respiratory infections, very…
Receptors for cholesterol are reduced. This leaves cholestero…
Protein that holds the AB antigens to the red blood cell are…
Achondroplasia
Growth factor receptors are missing or wrong. Growth is stunted
Cystic Fibrosis
Wrong channel protein may cause respiratory infections, very…
88 terms
Chapter 5: Mood Disorders
Emotion
Affect
Mood
What can depression refer to?
-The state of arousal defined by subjective states of feeling…
-Pattern of observable behaviors, as facial expression, pitch…
-A pervasive and sustained emotional response that can color…
-A mood... -A clinical syndrome
Emotion
-The state of arousal defined by subjective states of feeling…
Affect
-Pattern of observable behaviors, as facial expression, pitch…
20 terms
Chapter 5: Mood Disorders
Defense or Dysfunction?
MDE
Mania
Manic Episode
Defense: Anxiety protects us against danger... Sadness may help…
Depressed mood most of day NED... Anhedonia most of day NED... AND…
Feeling euphoric; extremely happy for no apparent reason... Gran…
At least 1 week: ^, expansive, irritable mood. At least 3 of…
Defense or Dysfunction?
Defense: Anxiety protects us against danger... Sadness may help…
MDE
Depressed mood most of day NED... Anhedonia most of day NED... AND…
110 terms
Chapter 5: Developmental Disorders
Ankyloglossia
Ankylosed teeth
Anodontia
Anomaly
Extensive adhesion of the tongue to the floor of the mouth or…
Teeth that are fused to the alveolar bone; a condition especi…
Congenital lack of teeth.
Marked deviation from normal, especially as a result of conge…
Ankyloglossia
Extensive adhesion of the tongue to the floor of the mouth or…
Ankylosed teeth
Teeth that are fused to the alveolar bone; a condition especi…
102 terms
Chapter 5: Developmental Disorders
Developmental Disorders
Inherited disorder
Congenital disorder
Proliferation
Development of the human body is a complex process... Begins wh…
Caused by an abnormality in genetic makeup, genes and chromos…
Present at birth... May be inherited or developmental... The cause…
The complex process of proliferation and differentiation taki…
Developmental Disorders
Development of the human body is a complex process... Begins wh…
Inherited disorder
Caused by an abnormality in genetic makeup, genes and chromos…
84 terms
Chapter 5 Mood Disorders
Mood disorders
What are the two broad types of mood d…
What are the basic symptoms of depress…
What are the major DSM-5 mood disorder…
Disorders that involve disturbances in emotion, from the extr…
Depressive disorders and Bipolar disorders
Profound sadness and/or an inability to experience pleasure.
1. Major depressive disorder... 2. Persistent depressive disorde…
Mood disorders
Disorders that involve disturbances in emotion, from the extr…
What are the two broad types of mood d…
Depressive disorders and Bipolar disorders
12 terms
Chapter 5 disorders
Acne
Warts
ringworm and athletes foot
Decubitus Ulcers
disorder of the hair follicles and sebaceous glands that invo…
viral infection of the epidermis.
fungal infection that affect the keratinized portion of the s…
disorder caused by ischemia and necrosis of the hypodermis
Acne
disorder of the hair follicles and sebaceous glands that invo…
Warts
viral infection of the epidermis.
21 terms
Com Disorders Chapter 5
Literacy
Decoding
60%
phonological awareness
The use of visual modes of communication (reading and writing)
segmenting a word and blending the sounds together to form a…
% of children with LI that experience difficulty with literacy
Knowledge of sounds/syllables and the sound structure of words.
Literacy
The use of visual modes of communication (reading and writing)
Decoding
segmenting a word and blending the sounds together to form a…
38 terms
Pathology - Chapter 5 - Developmental Disorders - Pictures
ankyloglossia
congenital lip pits
periapical cyst
residual cyst
ankyloglossia
congenital lip pits
53 terms
Chapter 5 CommDisorders
Addition
Allophone
Anoxia
Auditory Discrimination Training (Ear…
The insertion of a sound or sounds not part of a word itself.
Slight variation in the way different people produce individu…
A complete lack of oxygen to the brain that is relatively rar…
The ability to distinguish sounds from one another; involves…
Addition
The insertion of a sound or sounds not part of a word itself.
Allophone
Slight variation in the way different people produce individu…
75 terms
Chapter 5 Developmental Disorders
An abnormal, pathological, sac or cavi…
Marked deviation from normal, especial…
The embryonic invagination that become…
Which process is just above the stomod…
Cyst
Anomaly
Stomodeum
Frontal process
An abnormal, pathological, sac or cavi…
Cyst
Marked deviation from normal, especial…
Anomaly
42 terms
Chapter 5: Genetic Disorders
What is Penetrance?
What is Expressivity?
What is a Mutation?
What are point mutations and what are…
-Proportion of individuals carrying a particular allele (geno…
- Variations in phenotype for individuals caring a particular…
- A permanent change in the DNA.... - Mutations in germ cells ar…
- In a point mutation a single nucleotide base is substituted…
What is Penetrance?
-Proportion of individuals carrying a particular allele (geno…
What is Expressivity?
- Variations in phenotype for individuals caring a particular…
61 terms
Red Blood Disorders (chapter 5)
Dohle Body
Dohle Body
Basophilic Stippling
Basophilic Stippling
Dohle Body
Dohle Body
23 terms
Chapter 5: Mood Disorders & Suicide
affect
analogue studies
bipolar disorders
clinical depression
the pattern of observable behaviors that are associated with…
a research procedure in which the investigator studies behavi…
a form of mood disorder in which the person experiences episo…
a syndrome of depression in which a depressed mood is accompa…
affect
the pattern of observable behaviors that are associated with…
analogue studies
a research procedure in which the investigator studies behavi…
42 terms
Chapter 5: Genetic Disorders
What is Penetrance?
What is Expressivity?
What is a Mutation?
What are point mutations and what are…
-Proportion of individuals carrying a particular allele (geno…
- Variations in phenotype for individuals caring a particular…
- A permanent change in the DNA.... - Mutations in germ cells ar…
- In a point mutation a single nucleotide base is substituted…
What is Penetrance?
-Proportion of individuals carrying a particular allele (geno…
What is Expressivity?
- Variations in phenotype for individuals caring a particular…
22 terms
chapter 5 disorders
adhesive capsulitis
ankylosing spondylitis
arthritis
bunion
condition characterized by restricted joint mobility because…
fusion and inflammation of the vertebrae
joint inflammation
inflammation of the burse around the great toe (hallux) accom…
adhesive capsulitis
condition characterized by restricted joint mobility because…
ankylosing spondylitis
fusion and inflammation of the vertebrae
38 terms
Chapter 5 disorders
arthralgia
arthrocele
arthrochondritis
arthropathy
pain in joint
swelling of a joint
inflammation of cartilage in joint
any disorder of the joint
arthralgia
pain in joint
arthrocele
swelling of a joint
99 terms
Chapter 5: Diseases and Disorders
ec-
par-
actin/o
aden/o
outside, out
alongside, abnormal
radiation
gland
ec-
outside, out
par-
alongside, abnormal
43 terms
Chapter 5 Diseases And Disorders
acne
actinic keratosis
albinism
alopecia
pustules and comedones on face/body
A rough, scaly patch on the skin caused by years of sun expos…
condition of white
baldness
acne
pustules and comedones on face/body
actinic keratosis
A rough, scaly patch on the skin caused by years of sun expos…
36 terms
Chapter 5: Disorders
Abrasion
Abscess
Pustule
Bulla
Scrapping of the skin (carpet/rug burn)
Localized collection of pus from pus forming bacteria
Small abscess on the skin-elevated
Large blister
Abrasion
Scrapping of the skin (carpet/rug burn)
Abscess
Localized collection of pus from pus forming bacteria
83 terms
Chapter 5 Right Hemisphere Disorders
Symptoms of individuals with damage to…
"the unique flower of human evolution"
subordinate, minor, unconscious
corpus commissurotomy
-unable to perceive and acknowledge their deficits, even when…
the left hemisphere
the right hemisphere
a surgery which involves cutting the corpus callosum to relie…
Symptoms of individuals with damage to…
-unable to perceive and acknowledge their deficits, even when…
"the unique flower of human evolution"
the left hemisphere
Chapter 5: Articulatory-Phonological Development and Speech Sound Disorders
Articulation Disorder
Phonological Disorder
Difference between phonemic and phonet…
Vowels can be described according to t…
speech motor control problems
deficits in knowledge of phonological rules
Phonemic:... -abstract system of sounds... -represented by slashes…
distinctive features
Articulation Disorder
speech motor control problems
Phonological Disorder
deficits in knowledge of phonological rules
48 terms
Chapter 5: Mood Disorders
Major Depressive Disorder: MDD
Dysthymia: Chronic Depressive Disorder
DSM-5 criteria for Premenstrual Dyspho…
Symptoms of Premenstrual Dysmorphic Di…
o Sad mood OR loss of interest or pleasure (anhedonia) ... o Sym…
o Chronically depressed - more than half of the time for at l…
o In most menstrual cycles during past year, at least 5 of th…
Significant distress of functional impairment... o Not an exacer…
Major Depressive Disorder: MDD
o Sad mood OR loss of interest or pleasure (anhedonia) ... o Sym…
Dysthymia: Chronic Depressive Disorder
o Chronically depressed - more than half of the time for at l…
17 terms
Chapter 5 Mental Disorders
Major Depression
Post Traumatic Disorder
Suicide
Personality Disorder
is intense and can last a few weeks.
is a condition that may develop after exposure to a terrifyin…
is the act of intentionally take one's own life.
may be unable to regulate their emotions
Major Depression
is intense and can last a few weeks.
Post Traumatic Disorder
is a condition that may develop after exposure to a terrifyin…
102 terms
CHAPTER 5: Mood Disorders
Two
DSM-5 Depressive Disorders
Major Depressive Disorder
Persistent Depressive Disorder
how many broad types of mood disorders are there?
1) Major depressive disorder... 2) Persistent depressive disorde…
1 of 4 depressive disorders:... 2) Persistent depressive disorde…
1 of 4 depressive disorders:... 1) Major depressive disorder... 3)…
Two
how many broad types of mood disorders are there?
DSM-5 Depressive Disorders
1) Major depressive disorder... 2) Persistent depressive disorde…
90 terms
Psychological Disorders Chapter 5
Anxiety
Fear
Panic
Panic Attacks
A long-term mood state of a negative affect, that is also acc…
A quick alarm reaction when you are perceiving danger or a th…
Accompanied by physical and cognitive symptoms such as increa…
Usually lasts 5-10 minutes, and is either Expected (cued), or…
Anxiety
A long-term mood state of a negative affect, that is also acc…
Fear
A quick alarm reaction when you are perceiving danger or a th…
23 terms
Chapter 5 Mood Disorders
What are the Two Types of mood disorde…
psychomotor retardation
psychomotor agitation
Criteria for MDD
1. involve only depressive disorders... 2. involve only manic sy…
thoughts and movement slow down
thoughts and movements increase (fidgeting, pacing, etc.)
at least 5 symptoms that include either loss of interest/plea…
What are the Two Types of mood disorde…
1. involve only depressive disorders... 2. involve only manic sy…
psychomotor retardation
thoughts and movement slow down
21 terms
Speech Disorders chapter 5
Causal Factors
Causal Correlates
Otitis Media
Oral Myofunctional Disorders
Factors that my precipitate (bring on), accompany, and/or mai…
Factors that my coexist with phonological impairments
Many children with articulation/phonology deficits have a his…
Includes tongue thrusting, unusual oral movements, finger suc…
Causal Factors
Factors that my precipitate (bring on), accompany, and/or mai…
Causal Correlates
Factors that my coexist with phonological impairments
30 terms
Chapter 5 mental disorders
Anxiety
Depression
Treating depression takes what 3 things?
Apathy
Phobias, ocd, panic, ptsd
Prolonged feeling of hopelessness and despair
Time, persistence, and patience
Lack of strong feeling, interest or concern
Anxiety
Phobias, ocd, panic, ptsd
Depression
Prolonged feeling of hopelessness and despair
Chapter 5: Developmental Disorders
ankyloglossia
odontogenic cyst
nonodontogenic cyst
dentigerous cyst
extensive adhesion of the tongue to the floor of the mouth
cyst related to tooth development
cyst not related to tooth development
around impacted tooth
ankyloglossia
extensive adhesion of the tongue to the floor of the mouth
odontogenic cyst
cyst related to tooth development
17 terms
Chapter 5 Anxiety Disorders
most common mental disorder in the U.S.
comorbid
anxiety disorders
generalized anxiety disorder
anxiety disorders
the co-occurrence of two or more disorders in a single indivi…
Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD)... Phobias... Agoraphobia... Social…
Excessive anxiety and worry about a number of things... 6 months…
most common mental disorder in the U.S.
anxiety disorders
comorbid
the co-occurrence of two or more disorders in a single indivi…
25 terms
Chapter 5 Developmental Disorders
Ankyloglossia
Ankylosed teeth
Anodontia
Anomaly
Extensive adhesion of the tongue to the floor of the mouth or…
Teeth that are fused to the alveolar bone
Congenital lack of teeth
Marked deviation from normal
Ankyloglossia
Extensive adhesion of the tongue to the floor of the mouth or…
Ankylosed teeth
Teeth that are fused to the alveolar bone
125 terms
Chapter 5. Genetic Disorders
single nucleotide polymorphism
copy number variations
epigenetics
bioinformatics
most common DNA variation.... biallelic.... could alter gene produc…
some biallelic parts are duplicated or deleted. ... half involve…
heritable changes in gene expression not caused by change in…
computer techniques that can manage vast collections of data.
single nucleotide polymorphism
most common DNA variation.... biallelic.... could alter gene produc…
copy number variations
some biallelic parts are duplicated or deleted. ... half involve…
28 terms
Moods Disorders- Chapter 5
Affect
Anhedonia
Avolition
Cyclothymia
Affect Observable facial expressions of a feeling or emotion.…
lack of interest in previously pleasurable activities
lack of drive or ambition to complete goal-directed tasks or…
Characterized by a chronic course of hypomania and mild depre…
Affect
Affect Observable facial expressions of a feeling or emotion.…
Anhedonia
lack of interest in previously pleasurable activities
12 terms
Chapter 5. Red Blood Cell Disorders
surrogates of RBC mass (marker of an…
def of Anemia Hb
Anemia of Chronic Disease vs. Iron Def…
Hb= Hem + Globin... Hem = Fe + proto
- Hb... - Het... - RBC #
♀ : Hb<12.5 g/dI... ♂ : Hb< 13.5 g/dl
...
surrogates of RBC mass (marker of an…
- Hb... - Het... - RBC #
def of Anemia Hb
♀ : Hb<12.5 g/dI... ♂ : Hb< 13.5 g/dl
49 terms
Oral Pathology Chapter 5 Developmental Disorders
Ankyloglossia
Commissural Lip Pits
Lingual Thyroid
Dentigerous cyst
A developmental disorder where the lingual frenum of the tong…
A developmental disorder where there are tiny blind tracts pr…
Also known as ectopic lingual thryoid nodules, it is a develo…
Also known as a follicular cyst, forms around the crown of an…
Ankyloglossia
A developmental disorder where the lingual frenum of the tong…
Commissural Lip Pits
A developmental disorder where there are tiny blind tracts pr…
Health chapter 5 disorders
Anxiety disorders
Impulse control disorders
Eating disorders
Mood disorders
Make you fearful
Causes you to hurt yourself or others, may lead to physical h…
Causes teens to put pressure on their appearance
Mood extremes may interfere with everyday living
Anxiety disorders
Make you fearful
Impulse control disorders
Causes you to hurt yourself or others, may lead to physical h…
62 terms
Chapter 5 Anxiety Disorders
Anxiety & Related Disorders Lifetime p…
Comorbidity Rates of Anxiety & Related…
fear
anxiety
over 28%
55% to 76%
an adaptive state for dealing with a real threat or danger; b…
the apprehensive anticipation of future danger or misfortune
Anxiety & Related Disorders Lifetime p…
over 28%
Comorbidity Rates of Anxiety & Related…
55% to 76%
38 terms
Pathology - Chapter 5 - Developmental Disorders - Pictures
ankyloglossia
congenital lip pits
periapical cyst
residual cyst
ankyloglossia
congenital lip pits
14 terms
Chapter 5: Neurodevelopmental Disorders
neurodevelopmental disorders
1. Intellectual Disability... (Intellectu…
Categories of Intellectual Disability
2. Language Disorder
a group of psychological disorders characterized by:... -develop…
disorder characterized by deficits in:... -intellectual function…
mild= level of intellectual developmental disorder (IQ 50-70)…
disorder characterized by:... -difficulties in acquisitions and…
neurodevelopmental disorders
a group of psychological disorders characterized by:... -develop…
1. Intellectual Disability... (Intellectu…
disorder characterized by deficits in:... -intellectual function…
119 terms
ESP 407 Chapter 5 Communication Disorders
speech and language delays
communication disorders/ delays
language aqcuisition
negatively affect
...are the most common developmental delays in children young…
difficulty in their ability to exchange information with others
is one of the key developmental milestones in infants and tod…
the development of cognitive and social skills
speech and language delays
...are the most common developmental delays in children young…
communication disorders/ delays
difficulty in their ability to exchange information with others
34 terms
Chapter 5: Mood Disorders
Common features of mood disorders
Unipolar disorders
Bipolar disorders
Episodic vs Chronic
-All mood disorders are a consistent deviation from personal…
Depressive disorders = consistently negative mood... -Major Depr…
Mood fluctuations (mania and depression are opposite poles;…
Episodic: symptoms tend to be present for a period of time an…
Common features of mood disorders
-All mood disorders are a consistent deviation from personal…
Unipolar disorders
Depressive disorders = consistently negative mood... -Major Depr…
70 terms
Chapter 5 Psychological Disorders
The Diathesis Stress Model
Maladaptive Disorder
Unjustified DIsorder
Disturbing Disorder
...
Destructive to oneself or others, prevents them to be "normal"
Without Rational Beliefs
Troublesome to other people
The Diathesis Stress Model
...
Maladaptive Disorder
Destructive to oneself or others, prevents them to be "normal"
17 terms
Chapter 5 Psych Disorders
Maladaptive
unjustifiable
disturbing
atypical
destructive bev. towards oneself and others.
without rational basis.
troublesome to others.
so different that it violates a norm.
Maladaptive
destructive bev. towards oneself and others.
unjustifiable
without rational basis.
14 terms
Chapter 5 Mood Disorders
Major Depressive Disorder
MDD Symptoms
MDD- Episodic
MDD- Recurrent
Sad mood OR loss of interest or pleasure (anhedonia)... Symptoms…
PLUS four of the following symptoms:... Sleeping too much or too…
Symptoms tend to dissipate over time
Once depression occurs, future episodes likely... Average number…
Major Depressive Disorder
Sad mood OR loss of interest or pleasure (anhedonia)... Symptoms…
MDD Symptoms
PLUS four of the following symptoms:... Sleeping too much or too…
34 terms
chapter 5: somatic disorders
somatic symptom disorders
somatic symptom disorder
SSD: statistics
casual factors in SSD
-illness anxiety disorder... -somatic symptom disorder... -conversi…
-preoccupation w/ health and/or body appearance and functioni…
-predominates women... -onset usually in adolescence... -runs chron…
-little is known (relatively new diagnosis)... -experience sugge…
somatic symptom disorders
-illness anxiety disorder... -somatic symptom disorder... -conversi…
somatic symptom disorder
-preoccupation w/ health and/or body appearance and functioni…
67 terms
Chapter 5 Psychology Disorders
Psychological Disorder
Maladaptive
Unjustifiable
Disturbing
harmful dysfunction in which behaviors are maladaptive, unjus…
destructive behaviour toward oneself and others
doing things without reason
troublesome to others
Psychological Disorder
harmful dysfunction in which behaviors are maladaptive, unjus…
Maladaptive
destructive behaviour toward oneself and others
28 terms
Chapter 5: Anxiety Disorders
1) A _______________ is an abrupt expe…
2) A _______________ panic attack ofte…
3) Anxiety is associated with specific…
4) The rates of ________________ among…
panic attack
situationally bound
brain circuits; neurotransmitter
comorbidity
1) A _______________ is an abrupt expe…
panic attack
2) A _______________ panic attack ofte…
situationally bound
18 terms
Chapter 5: Mood disorders
Bipolar disorders
Mania
Hypomania
Mixed episode
involves episodes of depression alternating with elevated moo…
states of intense intense elevation or irritability, 7 days... -…
symptoms of mania but less intense, 4 or more days of elevate…
symptoms of both mania and depression in the same week
Bipolar disorders
involves episodes of depression alternating with elevated moo…
Mania
states of intense intense elevation or irritability, 7 days... -…
1 of 10