How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

Study sets matching "diversity of life"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "diversity of life"

Diversity of Life
The seven Taxonomic classes in order
Binomial Nomenclature
Taxonomy
Obligate Aerobes
Kingdom, Phyla, Class, Order, Family, Genus, Species
Scientific naming system that uses the Latin genus and specie…
The science of naming and classifying organisms. Founded by C…
An organism that requires oxygen for cellular respiration
The seven Taxonomic classes in order
Kingdom, Phyla, Class, Order, Family, Genus, Species
Binomial Nomenclature
Scientific naming system that uses the Latin genus and specie…
20 terms
Diversity of Life
Eon
Geologic Era
Geologic Period
Hominid
The largest division of geologic time
Four time periods that represent a time of major sediment dep…
An extended amount of time marked by a series of related even…
A member of a biological group including human beings and rel…
Eon
The largest division of geologic time
Geologic Era
Four time periods that represent a time of major sediment dep…
17 terms
The Diversity of life
Mass extinction
Paleozoic Era
Mesozoic era
Cenozoic era
event during which many species become extinct during a relat…
the part of geologic time 570-245 million years ago ; inverte…
middle life (245-144 million years ago); rise of mammals and…
The most recent period of geologic time, beginning 65 million…
Mass extinction
event during which many species become extinct during a relat…
Paleozoic Era
the part of geologic time 570-245 million years ago ; inverte…
16 terms
Diversity of Life
living
non-living
organism
dormant
something that has all of the criteria for life
some that does not have all of the criteria for life (never d…
any living thing
appears dead but can live in the right conditions
living
something that has all of the criteria for life
non-living
some that does not have all of the criteria for life (never d…
6 terms
Diversity of Life
Abdomen
Adult
Alga(algae, pl.)
Amoeba (amoebae, pl.)
The third section of the insect body, including the digestive…
The fully developed and sexually mature stage in an organism'…
Algae are aquatic protists containing chlorophyll. They... may b…
Amoebae are microscopic, unicellular protists... found in decayi…
Abdomen
The third section of the insect body, including the digestive…
Adult
The fully developed and sexually mature stage in an organism'…
16 terms
Diversity of Life
Classification
structure
function
stimui
Is the arrangement of organisms in orderly groups based on th…
The arrangement of parts that form a living thing.
The special, normal, or proper activity of an organ or part (…
something that causes a response in a body part or organism,…
Classification
Is the arrangement of organisms in orderly groups based on th…
structure
The arrangement of parts that form a living thing.
23 terms
Diversity of Life
Phylogeny
Cladogram
Taxonomy
Clade
The study of evolutionary relationships
A diagram that shows the relationships between organisms usin…
The science of naming and classifying organisms
A group of two or more taxa that includes both their common a…
Phylogeny
The study of evolutionary relationships
Cladogram
A diagram that shows the relationships between organisms usin…
13 terms
Diversity of Life
homeostasis
organism
taxonomy
habitat
the ability to maintain an internal balance
an individual animal, plant, or single-celled life form.
the branch of science concerned with classification, especial…
the natural home or environment of an animal, plant, or other…
homeostasis
the ability to maintain an internal balance
organism
an individual animal, plant, or single-celled life form.
14 terms
Diversity of Life
biotic
abiotic
organism
cycle
living
nonliving
An individual animal, plant, or single-celled life form.
something that happens over and over in the same way
biotic
living
abiotic
nonliving
34 terms
Diversity of Life
evolution
natural selection
fitness
variation
change in the gene pool over time; any change in the heritabl…
individuals that have physical or behavioral traits that bett…
measure of an organism's ability to survive and produce offsp…
differences in physical traits of an individual from the grou…
evolution
change in the gene pool over time; any change in the heritabl…
natural selection
individuals that have physical or behavioral traits that bett…
42 terms
Diversity of life
What are the 8 Characteristics of life?
What does it mean when we say somethin…
What does it mean when we say somethin…
Name some things that are living.
~Needs Water... ~Grows... ~Produces Waste... ~Gas Exchange... ~Reproduces…
It is not alive and never was alive
It has the potential to be alive if placed in the right envir…
Mom, Dad, Trees, Dogs, Flowers
What are the 8 Characteristics of life?
~Needs Water... ~Grows... ~Produces Waste... ~Gas Exchange... ~Reproduces…
What does it mean when we say somethin…
It is not alive and never was alive
37 terms
Diversity of Life
Characteristics of Life
Non-living
Dead
Dormant
1.) Use Water... 2.) Gas Exchange... 3.) Use Energy... 4.) Eliminate W…
Something that was never alive
Something that was once living
Something that is alive but is not showing signs of live. It…
Characteristics of Life
1.) Use Water... 2.) Gas Exchange... 3.) Use Energy... 4.) Eliminate W…
Non-living
Something that was never alive
27 terms
Diversity of Life
Biodiversity
Genetics
Adaptation
Natural Selection
Variety of living things
Study of heredity; passing og genes from parent to offspring.
Trait that allows an organism to survive changes in the envir…
Survival of the fittest
Biodiversity
Variety of living things
Genetics
Study of heredity; passing og genes from parent to offspring.
40 terms
Diversity & Life
geology
fossils
sedimentary
body fossils, trace fossils
What is the study of Earth's layers and materials?
What are preserved remains or traces of an organism that live…
What rock type can we more likely find fossils?
What are the two main types of fossils?
geology
What is the study of Earth's layers and materials?
fossils
What are preserved remains or traces of an organism that live…
8 terms
Diversity of Life
Environment
Predator
Prey
Survive
The conditions in which something exists or lives.
An animal that eats other animals for food.
An animal that is hunted and killed by another for food.
Continuing to live, even in the face of danger.
Environment
The conditions in which something exists or lives.
Predator
An animal that eats other animals for food.
15 terms
Diversity of Life
Diversity
Fossil
Variations
Traits
the number and variety of a species found within a certain lo…
preserved remains or traces of organisms that lived in the past
a different form of a trait
feature of an organism that is inherited
Diversity
the number and variety of a species found within a certain lo…
Fossil
preserved remains or traces of organisms that lived in the past
13 terms
Diversity of Life
Fossil
Relative Dating
Absolute Dating
extinction
trace or imprint of ancient life
tells if a fossil is older or younger than another
estimates the age of fossils in year
entire species dies out
Fossil
trace or imprint of ancient life
Relative Dating
tells if a fossil is older or younger than another
63 terms
Diversity of Life
cell
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
offspring
A membrane bound structure that is the basic unit of life.
A reproductive process that involves only one parent and prod…
A reproductive process that involves two parents that combine…
Product of reproduction, a new organism produced by one or mo…
cell
A membrane bound structure that is the basic unit of life.
asexual reproduction
A reproductive process that involves only one parent and prod…
7 terms
Diversity of Life
Bacteria
Protista
Plants
Animal
A member of a large group of unicellular microorganisms lacki…
Amoebas and paramecia belong to the kingdom
Have a wall(made from cellulose), eukaryotic, multicellular,…
A multi-cellular heterotroph with no cell walls that takes in…
Bacteria
A member of a large group of unicellular microorganisms lacki…
Protista
Amoebas and paramecia belong to the kingdom
66 terms
Diversity of Life
The number and variety of species in t…
All organisms capable of breeding free…
The crossbreeding of two different spe…
The physical appearance and characteri…
Biodiversity?
Species?
Hybridization?
Morphology:?
The number and variety of species in t…
Biodiversity?
All organisms capable of breeding free…
Species?
15 terms
Diversity of Life
Diversity
Fossil
Variations
Traits
the number and variety of a species found within a certain lo…
preserved remains or traces of organisms that lived in the past
a different form of a trait
feature of an organism that is inherited
Diversity
the number and variety of a species found within a certain lo…
Fossil
preserved remains or traces of organisms that lived in the past
17 terms
Diversity Of Life
Prokaryotic Cell
Eukaryotic
Dichotomous key
6 characteristics shared by all life
Don't have nucleus
Has uncles and membrane-bound organelles
tool that allows the user to determine the identity of items…
Living things are made of cells.... Living things obtain and use…
Prokaryotic Cell
Don't have nucleus
Eukaryotic
Has uncles and membrane-bound organelles
42 terms
Diversity of Life
Amoebozoa
Euglenozoa
Ciliates
Stramenopila
pseudopodia powered by actin
spiral rod in flagella
(paramecium) cilia used for feeding and movement
(golden/brown) plastids containing carotenoids
Amoebozoa
pseudopodia powered by actin
Euglenozoa
spiral rod in flagella
52 terms
Diversity of Life
Three Domains of Life
Homologies across Domains
Antony von Leeuwenhoek
Carl Woese
Bacteria... - First classifed in 1680s by Antony von Leeuwenhoek…
- Cells... - Central Dogma: DNA->RNA->proteins; genetic code... - A…
Father of microbiology
First proposed the three domain system
Three Domains of Life
Bacteria... - First classifed in 1680s by Antony von Leeuwenhoek…
Homologies across Domains
- Cells... - Central Dogma: DNA->RNA->proteins; genetic code... - A…
42 terms
Diversity of Life
evidence
habitat
living
nonliving
information that supports or proves a point
a place where an organism naturally lives
an organism which exhibits the characteristics of life
was never living or exhibiting characteristics of life
evidence
information that supports or proves a point
habitat
a place where an organism naturally lives
113 terms
Diversity of Life
3 Domains
Shared traits across all domains x5
Who Classified Archaea
Essentials of Archaea - oldest fossils…
Bacteria, Archaea, Eukarya
Made of cells; central dogma (DNA → RNA → proteins); genetic…
Carl Woese + George Fox
More similar to Eukarya than bacteria; many are extremophiles…
3 Domains
Bacteria, Archaea, Eukarya
Shared traits across all domains x5
Made of cells; central dogma (DNA → RNA → proteins); genetic…
11 terms
The Diversity of Life
Algae
Cilia
Flagella
Fungi
Unicellular o multicellular organisms capable of photosynthesis
Short threadlike structure that help some protozoa to move
Hairlike structures which help bacteria and other organisms t…
Heterotrophic organisms made up of filaments called hyphae
Algae
Unicellular o multicellular organisms capable of photosynthesis
Cilia
Short threadlike structure that help some protozoa to move
8 terms
Diversity of Life
microorganisms
common characteristics
microorganisms need.....
viruses are not living
microscopic living things which come in many shapes and sizes.
organization-the structure and functioning.... reproduction-bina…
energy, material , living space .
genetic material enclosed in a capsid (protein coating). They…
microorganisms
microscopic living things which come in many shapes and sizes.
common characteristics
organization-the structure and functioning.... reproduction-bina…
30 terms
Diversity of Life
Taxonomy
Species
Why organize?
How do we organize?
... Identifying and classifying all living things
A member of a population that can interbreed in nature
*May not look the same; ex gender... *look different geographica…
* morphology ... *geography ... *behavior
Taxonomy
... Identifying and classifying all living things
Species
A member of a population that can interbreed in nature
22 terms
diversity of life
Do prokaryotic phototroph have chlorop…
chemotrophs
photoautotroph
photoheterotrophs
they dont but they may have thylakoid membrane where photosyn…
harvest energy from chemical sources
harness energy of sunlight gets carbon sources from co2
obtain energy form sunlight but get their carbon sources from…
Do prokaryotic phototroph have chlorop…
they dont but they may have thylakoid membrane where photosyn…
chemotrophs
harvest energy from chemical sources
53 terms
Diversity of Life
Cretaceous Ammonoids
Octopi
Squids
Flowering Plants
Coiled-shelled cephalopods, remarkably successful, type of mo…
Evolved in Cretaceous, body and mantle are super malleable sa…
Hydrodynamic, pointed mantle, 8 short arms, two long that can…
Dominant by latter third of Cretaceous, gradually became more…
Cretaceous Ammonoids
Coiled-shelled cephalopods, remarkably successful, type of mo…
Octopi
Evolved in Cretaceous, body and mantle are super malleable sa…
109 terms
Diversity of Life
getting rid of wastes, regulating wate…
water, nutrients, salts, vitamins
urea
blood
goals of excretory system
things that nephron reabsorbs
things that nephron wants to eliminate from body
what the nephron filters
getting rid of wastes, regulating wate…
goals of excretory system
water, nutrients, salts, vitamins
things that nephron reabsorbs
13 terms
Diversity of Life
What is a species?
Order of system (classification)
Life criteria
Eubacteria
Largest group of individuals that can sexually reproduce and…
Domain... Kingdom ... Phylum ... Class ... Order ... Family ... Genus ... Species…
- reproduce ... - create and consume energy ... - consumes nutrient…
Prokaryotic- cell type- simple cells ( no nuclei, no organell…
What is a species?
Largest group of individuals that can sexually reproduce and…
Order of system (classification)
Domain... Kingdom ... Phylum ... Class ... Order ... Family ... Genus ... Species…
35 terms
Diversity of life
Taxonomic categories
Humans DKPCOFGS
6 kingdoms
Eubacteria
Domain... Kingdom... Phylum... Class... Order... Family... Genus... species
D- eukaryote... K- Animalia... P- Chordata... C- Mammalian... O- primate…
Animals, plants, eubacteria, archaebacteria, protist, fungi
Live almost anywhere ... E. Coli, good flora, tetanus, strep... Uni…
Taxonomic categories
Domain... Kingdom... Phylum... Class... Order... Family... Genus... species
Humans DKPCOFGS
D- eukaryote... K- Animalia... P- Chordata... C- Mammalian... O- primate…
10 terms
Diversity of Life
living organism
dead organism
nonliving
gas exchange
any living thing
a living organism that has died
something that was never living
the process of moving gases into and out of your body
living organism
any living thing
dead organism
a living organism that has died
21 terms
Diversity of life
4 mm
2 mm
0.4 mm
organism
The width of the field of view at 40x.
The width of the field of view at 100x.
The width of the field of view at 400x.
The most complex level of life.
4 mm
The width of the field of view at 40x.
2 mm
The width of the field of view at 100x.
21 terms
Diversity of Life:
Biodiversity
Fitness
Population
Homeostasis
The number of different species in an area
The condition of being physically fit and healthy; the qualit…
All the inhabitants of a particular town, area, or country
The tendency of the body to seek and maintain a condition of…
Biodiversity
The number of different species in an area
Fitness
The condition of being physically fit and healthy; the qualit…
9 terms
diversity of life
Taxonomy
morphological differences
kingdom
phyllum
organization of living things into groups based on morphology…
outward, anatomical differences among species
...
...
Taxonomy
organization of living things into groups based on morphology…
morphological differences
outward, anatomical differences among species
38 terms
Diversity of Life
How geological time is broken up
Earth's age
1st eon (Hadean)
Archean period
Eons > Eras > Periods
4.6 billion years old
CO2 drops which results in temperatures dropping and the ocea…
First species appear between 3.8 and 2.5 BYA
How geological time is broken up
Eons > Eras > Periods
Earth's age
4.6 billion years old
44 terms
Diversity of life
Biodiversity
species
species diversity
decreased biodiversity can affect:
the number and variety of life forms on earth
organisms capable of breeding freely with each other under na…
diversity that is based on the number of different species pr…
-ecosystem stability... -our food supply... -our supply of medicine…
Biodiversity
the number and variety of life forms on earth
species
organisms capable of breeding freely with each other under na…
8 terms
Diversity of Life
Organism
Cell
Unicellular
Multicellular
A living thing.
The basic unit of all living thing.
Made up of one cell.
Made up of many cells.
Organism
A living thing.
Cell
The basic unit of all living thing.
13 terms
Diversity of Life
homeostasis
organism
taxonomy
habitat
the ability to maintain an internal balance
an individual animal, plant, or single-celled life form.
the branch of science concerned with classification, especial…
the natural home or environment of an animal, plant, or other…
homeostasis
the ability to maintain an internal balance
organism
an individual animal, plant, or single-celled life form.
21 terms
Diversity Of Life
Prokaryotic Cells
Eukaryotic Cells
Cell Membrane
Nucleus
NO Nucleus
YES Nucleus
Contols what enters and leaves the cell
Controls most of cells activities
Prokaryotic Cells
NO Nucleus
Eukaryotic Cells
YES Nucleus
139 terms
Diversity of Life
getting rid of wastes, regulating wate…
water, nutrients, salts, vitamins
urea
blood (plasma)
goals of excretory system
things that nephron reabsorbs
things that nephron wants to eliminate from body
what the nephron filters
getting rid of wastes, regulating wate…
goals of excretory system
water, nutrients, salts, vitamins
things that nephron reabsorbs
83 terms
Diversity of Life
Archaea
Spheres, rods, and helices
Cell wall (prokaryote)
Photo-autotrophs
Organisms of extreme environments.
3 most common shapes of prokaryotes
maintains structure, provides protection, and controls water…
energy from light, carbon from CO2
Archaea
Organisms of extreme environments.
Spheres, rods, and helices
3 most common shapes of prokaryotes
32 terms
Diversity of Life
Cell Wall... (Plant)
Chloroplast ... (Plant)
Photosynthesis
Plastid ... (Plant)
-Made of cellulose, composed of numerous layers. ... -Provides p…
-Organelle used for photosynthesis. ... -Contains chlorophyll, w…
The process plants use to create food energy from sunlight.
-A membrane-bound organelle used to make chemical compounds a…
Cell Wall... (Plant)
-Made of cellulose, composed of numerous layers. ... -Provides p…
Chloroplast ... (Plant)
-Organelle used for photosynthesis. ... -Contains chlorophyll, w…
51 terms
Diversity of Life
Bacteria
Archae
Eukarya
Virus
Prokaryote microorganisms (unicellular) that exist practicall…
Prokaryote microorganisms (unicellular) that exist practicall…
Organisms with eukaryotic cells are grouped into this domain.…
-small parasitic particles... -considered non-living particles b…
Bacteria
Prokaryote microorganisms (unicellular) that exist practicall…
Archae
Prokaryote microorganisms (unicellular) that exist practicall…
11 terms
Diversity of Life
Archae-
Archae movement-
Reproduction of Archae-
Bacteria-
Get their energy from organic compounds.... Some from inorganic…
Use tails called flagella to move.
Asexually.
Bacteria can be either heterotrophs (that get their carbon fr…
Archae-
Get their energy from organic compounds.... Some from inorganic…
Archae movement-
Use tails called flagella to move.
35 terms
Diversity of Life
Bacteria
Properties of Bacteria
Structures of Bacterium
Bacterial Genetics
prokaryotes with a peptidoglycan cell wall
they are ubiquitous ... reproduction: binary fission- spit into…
Bacillus- rod shaped, oval/column like... Coccus- sphere shaped,…
no nucleus, DNA=free, environmental response is fast because…
Bacteria
prokaryotes with a peptidoglycan cell wall
Properties of Bacteria
they are ubiquitous ... reproduction: binary fission- spit into…
16 terms
Diversity of Life
Fungi
nonvascular plants
vascular plants
Plants
An example is a mushroom
These plants must grow low to the ground because they do not…
Trees are an example of this type of plant because they grow…
Can make own food using photosynthesis
Fungi
An example is a mushroom
nonvascular plants
These plants must grow low to the ground because they do not…
1 of 10