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Study sets matching "diversity plant evolution"

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Study sets matching "diversity plant evolution"

36 terms
The Evolution of Plant Diversity
Plant diversity is the result of ____
Support for evolution as the source of…
Variation in plant populations and spe…
Variation in plant populations and spe…
> evolution... Darwinism (1859) + Mendelism (1865) + population…
Fossils... > record the evolution of plant structures... > recor…
Mutation... > Lethal... > Neutral... > Selectively advantageous... Dupl…
Variation is affected by gene flow... Variation is affected by…
Plant diversity is the result of ____
> evolution... Darwinism (1859) + Mendelism (1865) + population…
Support for evolution as the source of…
Fossils... > record the evolution of plant structures... > recor…
16 terms
Evolution of Plant Diversity
geographics, phenotypes
colors of flowers attract different po…
allopatric
sympatric
Drivers of Evolution
Give an example of phenotypes keep species separate.
geographically separated speciation
geographically local speciation
geographics, phenotypes
Drivers of Evolution
colors of flowers attract different po…
Give an example of phenotypes keep species separate.
14 terms
Plant Evolution & Diversity
Sporic Meiosis
Zygotic Meiosis
Distinctive Features of Kingdom Plantae
Protected Embryo
ex:Fungi
-Protected Embryo... -Apical Meristems
Protected from desiccation, allowed plants to move to land
Sporic Meiosis
Zygotic Meiosis
ex:Fungi
206 terms
Exam 2 Plant Diversity and Evolution
Bryophytes
Bryophytes
Bryophytes
Grade
_______________ Characteristics... Where they Grow:... • *Grow in…
_______________ Hypothesized relationships among & w/in it
_______________ Genera or subgroups contained in each... • Grade…
Group of taxa united by character similarity... • Do not form a…
Bryophytes
_______________ Characteristics... Where they Grow:... • *Grow in…
Bryophytes
_______________ Hypothesized relationships among & w/in it
15 terms
Plant Evolution & Diversity Vocabulary
Desiccation
Alternation of Generations
Gametophyte
Sporophytes
Drying out, Dehydration
Two multi-cellular individuals alternate, each producing the…
Multi-cellular 1n individual that produces 2n individuals
Multi-cellular 2n individual that produces 1n individuals
Desiccation
Drying out, Dehydration
Alternation of Generations
Two multi-cellular individuals alternate, each producing the…
39 terms
Plant diversity and Evolution
plants
472 million years ago
400 million years ago
phloem
eukaryotic, multicellular, photosynthetic, many are terrestrial
descended from green algae... developed some terrestrial adaptat…
vascular tissue (phloem and Xylem)
transports sugar
plants
eukaryotic, multicellular, photosynthetic, many are terrestrial
472 million years ago
descended from green algae... developed some terrestrial adaptat…
Plant evolution and diversity
Plants
Charophytes
Plasmodesmata
Placenta
Multicellular photosyntheitc eukaryotes
Freshwater green algae thy land plants are most closely relat…
Creates break between two feels to allow for transfer/communi…
Retain and care for zygote
Plants
Multicellular photosyntheitc eukaryotes
Charophytes
Freshwater green algae thy land plants are most closely relat…
39 terms
Plant Evolution and Diversity
Streptophytes
Tissues
Apical meristems
Alternation of generations
Plants and their closest green algal relatives
Close associations of cells
Provides the meristematic cells for the future root growth
A haploid generation known as gametophyte produces eggs and o…
Streptophytes
Plants and their closest green algal relatives
Tissues
Close associations of cells
117 terms
Diversity and Evolution of Plants
plant complexity
late paleozoic
T
T
physiological flexibility... morphological flexibility... complex b…
green algae abundant
charophytes and embryophytes share a common ancestor
embryophytes evolved morphological features that permitted co…
plant complexity
physiological flexibility... morphological flexibility... complex b…
late paleozoic
green algae abundant
25 terms
Plant Evolution and Diversity
Naked strands of RNA not covered by a…
Bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE)…
Metabolically, the archaea are
Which of the following organisms move…
viroids
prion
heterotrophic and some are autotrophic as well.
Amoeba proteus
Naked strands of RNA not covered by a…
viroids
Bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE)…
prion
37 terms
PLANT EVOLUTION and DIVERSITY
Selection in favor of an extreme pheno…
evolutionary trees
An evolutionary tree
Plants create their own food, plants a…
What is directional selection?
__________________ show ancestor-descendant relationships.
Genetic similarity can be used to build what?
What is a plant (4 things)?
Selection in favor of an extreme pheno…
What is directional selection?
evolutionary trees
__________________ show ancestor-descendant relationships.
29 terms
Plant Evolution and Diversity
life cycle
diploid (sporophyte) meiosis
haploid mitosis
gametophyte
alternation of generations
haploid spores
gametophyte
produces sperm and egg
life cycle
alternation of generations
diploid (sporophyte) meiosis
haploid spores
34 terms
Plant Evolution and Diversity
Plants evolved from what?
Zygots are protected by a tough polyme…
How does sporopollenin work?
3 benefits of living on land for plants
Green, algal ancestors called charophytes
Sporopollenin
Holds in water, keeps embryo from drying out
bright unfiltered light, abundant CO2 in air & minerals in so…
Plants evolved from what?
Green, algal ancestors called charophytes
Zygots are protected by a tough polyme…
Sporopollenin
34 terms
Evolution and Diversity of Plants
Plantae
Monophyletic
Cellulose
Alternation of Generations
Kingdom- Monophyletic
Have same ancestor
Cell walls of plants are made of
Life cycle of plants is
Plantae
Kingdom- Monophyletic
Monophyletic
Have same ancestor
48 terms
Plant Diversity and Evolution
T/F: All plants are eukaryotic
T/F: All decendants of the eukaryote t…
Traits for land plants
Traits that lead towards flowering pla…
TRUE
TRUE
-Multicellular... -Mitochondria... -Principally photosynthetic (som…
-Increasing complexity of vegetative cells and tissues... --Dive…
T/F: All plants are eukaryotic
TRUE
T/F: All decendants of the eukaryote t…
TRUE
131 terms
Chapter 23 Plant Evolution and Diversity
Among the adaptations of plants to lif…
Generation or life stage that produces…
Which of the following terms is associ…
A leafy plant with no true roots, no s…
C. waxy cutile on roots to prevent drying out
C. gametophyte
A. moss
B. liverwort
Among the adaptations of plants to lif…
C. waxy cutile on roots to prevent drying out
Generation or life stage that produces…
C. gametophyte
29 terms
evolution of plant diversity
how did plants evolve?
stomata
apical meristems
synapomorphies
-closely related to Chlorophyta (shares several derived trait…
pores for gas exchange that can be closed to minimize water l…
region of rapid mitosis on the tips of shoots and roots
- many are associated with reproduction during the evolution…
how did plants evolve?
-closely related to Chlorophyta (shares several derived trait…
stomata
pores for gas exchange that can be closed to minimize water l…
12 terms
Plant Diversity and Evolution
Green Algae
Bryophytes
Vascular Plants
Lycophytes
Earliest group of plants. Includes Chara, Coleochaete, and ot…
Paraphyletic group of plants; first plant lineages to diverge…
Includes Lycophytes, Ferns and horsetails, gymnosperms, and A…
spores rely on swimming sperm for fertilization. Ancient lyco…
Green Algae
Earliest group of plants. Includes Chara, Coleochaete, and ot…
Bryophytes
Paraphyletic group of plants; first plant lineages to diverge…
33 terms
Plant Evolution and Diversity
Charophytes
Apical Meristems
Xylem
Phloem
plants and green algae
growth producing regions of cell division that are found near…
consists of dead cells and conveys water and minerals
consists of living cells and conveys sugars
Charophytes
plants and green algae
Apical Meristems
growth producing regions of cell division that are found near…
31 terms
Plant Diversity & Evolution
Plants
475 mya
400 mya
300 mya
eukaryotic, multicellular, photosynthetic, many are terrestrial
paleozoic era; descended from green algae [charophytes]; deve…
paleozoic era; vascular tissue [xylem and phloem]
paleozoic era; seeds and pollen
Plants
eukaryotic, multicellular, photosynthetic, many are terrestrial
475 mya
paleozoic era; descended from green algae [charophytes]; deve…
24 terms
Evolution and Plant Diversity
What is life?
spontaneous generation as origin of li…
Approximately when did cellular life e…
Steps life took?
information processing (DNA and/or RNA)... replication (life com…
no... but we didn't know this until microbiological techniques w…
=3.5 billion years ago
Evolution... what we judge as "simple" life is actually very com…
What is life?
information processing (DNA and/or RNA)... replication (life com…
spontaneous generation as origin of li…
no... but we didn't know this until microbiological techniques w…
31 terms
The Evolution of Plant and Fungal Diversity
BasPlants
What is the disadvantages of plants?
Explain algae
Explain land plants
'Cann--windTemp-adaptation to land for unlimited sunlight and…
-difficult to maintain moist... -support in a nonbuoyant medium…
-no frigid tissues... -H2O supported that obtain CO2 and mineral…
-maintian moisture through the waxy cuticles of the stomata... -…
BasPlants
'Cann--windTemp-adaptation to land for unlimited sunlight and…
What is the disadvantages of plants?
-difficult to maintain moist... -support in a nonbuoyant medium…
19 terms
Evolution & Diversity of Plants
Bryophytes
Types of Bryophytes
Moss gametophyte
Derived Chlorophytes
Nonvascular Plants
- Liverworts... - Hornworts... - Mosses
archegonia, antheridium
Chlorophyll a and b
Bryophytes
Nonvascular Plants
Types of Bryophytes
- Liverworts... - Hornworts... - Mosses
41 terms
Chapter 17: Plant Evolution and Diversity
Charophytes
Apical Meristems
Vascular Tissues
Xylem (goes up)
Group of green algae that is believed to be the common ancest…
Embryonic plant tissue in the tips of roots and in the buds o…
plant tissue consisting of xylem and phloem joined into tubes…
Nonliving vascular tissue that carries water and dissolved mi…
Charophytes
Group of green algae that is believed to be the common ancest…
Apical Meristems
Embryonic plant tissue in the tips of roots and in the buds o…
10 terms
The Evolution and Diversity of Plants
Sporic Meiosis
Kingdom Plantae
cuticle
stomata
all plants and a number of green algae can do this, and it is…
comprising more than 280,000 speicies
(a waxy coating covering the body) that prevented the evapora…
(and in some cases pores) ^ evolved at about the same time to…
Sporic Meiosis
all plants and a number of green algae can do this, and it is…
Kingdom Plantae
comprising more than 280,000 speicies
264 terms
Exam 1: Plant Diversity and Evolution
Plant Character Definition
Homology
Convergent evolution
Phylogeny
Cellulosic cell walls; Photosynthetic cells (double-membrane…
Similarity resulting from common ancestry
Process by which unrelated organisms independently evolve sim…
The evolutionary history of an organism or group of organisms…
Plant Character Definition
Cellulosic cell walls; Photosynthetic cells (double-membrane…
Homology
Similarity resulting from common ancestry
23 terms
Lecture 4- Plant Diversity & Evolution
Darwin
Adaptation
Advantages to Living on Land vs. Water…
Evidence for common ancestor
Darwin had a theory about evolution that flowering plants wen…
Unlike man, plants can't escape their environment physically,…
- Bright sunlight unfiltered by water and plankton... - atmosphe…
Based on shared sequence traits between algae and embryophyte…
Darwin
Darwin had a theory about evolution that flowering plants wen…
Adaptation
Unlike man, plants can't escape their environment physically,…
45 terms
Evolution and Diversity of Plants
Evolution of Plants
Major Groups of Plants
Sporophyte
Gametophyte
Four evolutionary events associated with the four major group…
multicellular embryo is nourished within the body of the fema…
produces spores by meiosis, diploid generation undergo mitosi…
produces gametes (eggs and sperm) by mitosis, haploid generat…
Evolution of Plants
Four evolutionary events associated with the four major group…
Major Groups of Plants
multicellular embryo is nourished within the body of the fema…
24 terms
Evolution of plants and fungal diversity
opportunities
challenges
stomata
dependent embryos
unlimited sunlight, abundant CO2, and initially, few pathogen…
keeping moisture in cells, supporting bodies, out of H20, rep…
holes in leaves for gas exchange
________ are present in all plants
opportunities
unlimited sunlight, abundant CO2, and initially, few pathogen…
challenges
keeping moisture in cells, supporting bodies, out of H20, rep…
66 terms
Chapter 23 Plant Evolution and Diversity
plants
how did plants adapt to land
what is the body of a charophyte compo…
what qualities did the plant take from…
multicellular eukaryotes whose evolution is marked by adaptat…
land plants protect all phases of reproduction from drying ou…
the body consists of a single line of cells anchored in the m…
1) Cellulose wall to stand up straight... 2) apical cells that a…
plants
multicellular eukaryotes whose evolution is marked by adaptat…
how did plants adapt to land
land plants protect all phases of reproduction from drying ou…
71 terms
Evolution and Diversity of Plants
cuticle
stomata
extant
sporophyte
waxy coating covering the body that prevents evaporation of w…
a structure which allows gas exchange
living plants
diploid
cuticle
waxy coating covering the body that prevents evaporation of w…
stomata
a structure which allows gas exchange
34 terms
Evolution and Diversity of Plants
Five key events in the History of Plan…
What are the four evolutionary innovat…
Advantages of seeds
What is the male gametophyte?
Multicellularity... Invasion of land\... Evolution of vascular tiss…
1.Further reduction of the gametophyte stage 2.Variation in s…
Better dispersal than spores and can remain viable longer. Th…
Pollen. Transported to female gametophyte
Five key events in the History of Plan…
Multicellularity... Invasion of land\... Evolution of vascular tiss…
What are the four evolutionary innovat…
1.Further reduction of the gametophyte stage 2.Variation in s…
72 terms
Chapter 23 Plant Evolution and Diversity
alternation of generations
Antheridium
Apical
Archegonium
Life cycle, typical of land plants, in which a diploid sporop…
Sperm-producing structures, as in the moss life cycle.
Directional term that refers to the tip of a filament or bran…
Egg-producing structures, as in the moss life cycle.
alternation of generations
Life cycle, typical of land plants, in which a diploid sporop…
Antheridium
Sperm-producing structures, as in the moss life cycle.
14 terms
Evolution and diversity of plants
Male reproductive structure
Is gametophyte haploid or diploid?
Is sporophyte haploid or diploid?
What develops into vascular tissue?
Pollen grain, microspore
Haploid
Diploid
Only sporophyte
Male reproductive structure
Pollen grain, microspore
Is gametophyte haploid or diploid?
Haploid
83 terms
Chapter 23 Study Guide: Plant Evolution and Diversity
Land plants, or simply "plants," are c…
The plant kingdom evolved from _______…
Plants & their closest Green Algal rel…
Despite their adaptations to land, mos…
plantae
green algae
streptophytes
F
Land plants, or simply "plants," are c…
plantae
The plant kingdom evolved from _______…
green algae
22 terms
Plant and Evolution and Diversity Assessment Review
Who is considered the main scientist w…
Who were some of the others that contr…
What does the family of mustard plants…
What is the importance of Teosinte?
Charles Darwin
Alfred R. Wallace
...
It an example of how humans change something to fit the needs…
Who is considered the main scientist w…
Charles Darwin
Who were some of the others that contr…
Alfred R. Wallace
52 terms
Lesson 20-evolution and plant diversity
Domain of plant kingdom
Plants prob arose from
plants and algae common ancestor
First species in plant kingdom, which…
Eukarya
protists
500 million years ago
Cambrian, like a moss
Domain of plant kingdom
Eukarya
Plants prob arose from
protists
31 terms
Chapter 17: The Evolution of Plant Diversity (Plant Only)
Alternation of Generations
Angiosperm
Anther
Apical Meristem
the alternation between the haploid gametophyte and the diplo…
A flowering plant which forms seeds inside a protective chamb…
In an angiosperm, the terminal pollen sac of a stamen, where…
Growth-producing regions of cell division.
Alternation of Generations
the alternation between the haploid gametophyte and the diplo…
Angiosperm
A flowering plant which forms seeds inside a protective chamb…
75 terms
chp 23 "plant evolution and diversity"
alternation of generations
angiosperm
antheridium
apical
life cycle, typical of land plants, in which a diploid sporop…
flowering land plant; the seeds are borne within a fruit
male gametangium
refers to tip of filament or branch
alternation of generations
life cycle, typical of land plants, in which a diploid sporop…
angiosperm
flowering land plant; the seeds are borne within a fruit
Chapter 23 Plant evolution and diversity
Green algae
Streptophytes
Haploid- Egg and sperm... Diploid- Spores
Bryophytes
The plant kingdom evolved from _____ _____ ancestors
Plants and their green algal relatives are known as the _____…
In the alternation of generations, the haploid produces _____…
Collectively the simplest land plants (Hornworts, mosses and…
Green algae
The plant kingdom evolved from _____ _____ ancestors
Streptophytes
Plants and their green algal relatives are known as the _____…
14 terms
Chapter 31 (Plant Evolution & Diversity)
Explain the characteristics that all p…
Explain the ecological and economic im…
Describe plant phylogeny, including th…
Describe the major adaptations that al…
Multicellular with cellulose cell walls... Photosynthetic (chlor…
We could not live without them... People rely on plants for food…
The green plants are monophyletic... Green algae are paraphyleti…
Plants had to adapt to living and reproducing in a dry enviro…
Explain the characteristics that all p…
Multicellular with cellulose cell walls... Photosynthetic (chlor…
Explain the ecological and economic im…
We could not live without them... People rely on plants for food…
43 terms
Chapter 23 Plant Evolution and Diversity
alternation of generations
Angiosperm
Apical
Carpel
Life cycle, typical of land plants, in which a diploid sporop…
a flowering, fruit-bearing plant or tree, the ovules (and the…
Directional term that refers to the tip of a filament or bran…
Ovule-bearing unit that is a part of a pistil.
alternation of generations
Life cycle, typical of land plants, in which a diploid sporop…
Angiosperm
a flowering, fruit-bearing plant or tree, the ovules (and the…
Chapter 23: Plant Evolution and Diversity
Plants
Charophytes
Stomata
Cuticle
multi-cellular, photosynthetic eukaryotes whose evolution is…
group of freshwater green algae
tiny openings or pores which allow for gas exchange
waxy covering that covers all exposed surfaces and is relativ…
Plants
multi-cellular, photosynthetic eukaryotes whose evolution is…
Charophytes
group of freshwater green algae
119 terms
Chapter 23 - Plant Evolution and Diversity
Kingdom Plantae
Why study plants
Terrestrial Adaptation: Waxy Cuticle-
Terrestrial Adaptation: Stomata
1.Multicellular... 2.Eukaryotic... 3.Cellulose Cell Wall... 4.Plasmode…
1.Oxygen... 2.Ozone... 3.Nutrition... 4.Reveals the glory of God... 5.Bea…
prevents water loss
manage gas exchange (H20, C02)
Kingdom Plantae
1.Multicellular... 2.Eukaryotic... 3.Cellulose Cell Wall... 4.Plasmode…
Why study plants
1.Oxygen... 2.Ozone... 3.Nutrition... 4.Reveals the glory of God... 5.Bea…
23 terms
Chapter 23: Plant Evolution and diversity
Benefits of living on land
Disadvantages of living on land
Benefits of living in water
Adaptations of plants on land
-Plenty of light... -CO2 is present in high concentrations and d…
Threat of desication
-Plenty of water... -Support for body of plant
-Protective seed coats over embryo to provide food... -Body cove…
Benefits of living on land
-Plenty of light... -CO2 is present in high concentrations and d…
Disadvantages of living on land
Threat of desication
51 terms
Chapter 23 Plant Evolution and Diversity
Essential characteristics/adaptations…
sporic life cycle of plants
Lignin and vascular structures in vasc…
stems
-multicellular... -primarily composed of tissues... -alternation of…
1. meiosis within a sporophyte sporangium produces and releas…
-lignin is the decay-resistant waterproofing material that…
branching organs that bear reproductive sporangia and leaves
Essential characteristics/adaptations…
-multicellular... -primarily composed of tissues... -alternation of…
sporic life cycle of plants
1. meiosis within a sporophyte sporangium produces and releas…
42 terms
Chapter 23 - Plant Evolution and Diversity
lichen
phyla that kelp belong to
desiccation
2 methods of water conservation in pla…
a symbiotic relationship between a fungus and cyanobacteria/b…
phylum Protista
drying out
vascular tissue... seed coat
lichen
a symbiotic relationship between a fungus and cyanobacteria/b…
phyla that kelp belong to
phylum Protista
21 terms
Chapter 23 - Plant Evolution and Diversity
autotroph
spores
alternation of generations
sporophyte
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
haploid reproductive cell that undergoes mitosis and develops…
characteristic life cycle of plants... 2 multicellular stages: h…
produces haploid spores by meiosis... dominant in advanced palnt…
autotroph
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
spores
haploid reproductive cell that undergoes mitosis and develops…
12 terms
Chapter 23;Plant Evolution and Diversity
Angiosperms
Gymnosperm
Cotyledon
Sepal
The flowering plant; the seeds are borne within a fruit
The plant that produce seeds but no fruit
The part of the seed that includes the starch.
Modified leaves that protect the flower before it opens
Angiosperms
The flowering plant; the seeds are borne within a fruit
Gymnosperm
The plant that produce seeds but no fruit
42 terms
Chapter 23 Plant Evolution and Diversity
streptophytes
tissues
apical meristems
alternation of generations
"twisted plant" presence of traits that foster survival in te…
close associations of cells
dividing cells that occur at growing tips
involves two types of multicellular bodies (2n & n) switches…
streptophytes
"twisted plant" presence of traits that foster survival in te…
tissues
close associations of cells
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