Study sets matching "diversity plant evolution"

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Study sets matching "diversity plant evolution"

Plant Diversity & Evolution
Acer saccharum
Acer rubrum
Carya glabra
Carya ovata
Sugar Maple
Red Maple
Pignut Hickory
Hickory: lots of little sharp teeth
Acer saccharum
Sugar Maple
Acer rubrum
Red Maple
Plant Diversity/Evolution of Plants
Bryophytes
Seedless Vascular Plants
Seed plants (gymnosperms)
Angiosperms
non vascular, reproduce with sperm and egg capsules.... 475 MYA…
Vascular tissue, xylem and phloem. live where its damp, cool…
Vascular tissue, don't require much water, naked seeds (cones…
Vascular, seeds, fruits and flowers. Flowers have to smell an…
Bryophytes
non vascular, reproduce with sperm and egg capsules.... 475 MYA…
Seedless Vascular Plants
Vascular tissue, xylem and phloem. live where its damp, cool…
16 terms
Evolution of Plant Diversity
geographics, phenotypes
colors of flowers attract different po…
allopatric
sympatric
Drivers of Evolution
Give an example of phenotypes keep species separate.
geographically separated speciation
geographically local speciation
geographics, phenotypes
Drivers of Evolution
colors of flowers attract different po…
Give an example of phenotypes keep species separate.
36 terms
The Evolution of Plant Diversity
Plant diversity is the result of ____
Support for evolution as the source of…
Variation in plant populations and spe…
Variation in plant populations and spe…
> evolution... Darwinism (1859) + Mendelism (1865) + population…
Fossils... > record the evolution of plant structures... > recor…
Mutation... > Lethal... > Neutral... > Selectively advantageous... Dupl…
Variation is affected by gene flow... Variation is affected by…
Plant diversity is the result of ____
> evolution... Darwinism (1859) + Mendelism (1865) + population…
Support for evolution as the source of…
Fossils... > record the evolution of plant structures... > recor…
206 terms
Exam 2 Plant Diversity and Evolution
Bryophytes
Bryophytes
Bryophytes
Grade
_______________ Characteristics... Where they Grow:... • *Grow in…
_______________ Hypothesized relationships among & w/in it
_______________ Genera or subgroups contained in each... • Grade…
Group of taxa united by character similarity... • Do not form a…
Bryophytes
_______________ Characteristics... Where they Grow:... • *Grow in…
Bryophytes
_______________ Hypothesized relationships among & w/in it
14 terms
Plant Evolution & Diversity
Sporic Meiosis
Zygotic Meiosis
Distinctive Features of Kingdom Plantae
Protected Embryo
ex:Fungi
-Protected Embryo... -Apical Meristems
Protected from desiccation, allowed plants to move to land
Sporic Meiosis
Zygotic Meiosis
ex:Fungi
15 terms
Plant Evolution & Diversity Vocabulary
Desiccation
Alternation of Generations
Gametophyte
Sporophytes
Drying out, Dehydration
Two multi-cellular individuals alternate, each producing the…
Multi-cellular 1n individual that produces 2n individuals
Multi-cellular 2n individual that produces 1n individuals
Desiccation
Drying out, Dehydration
Alternation of Generations
Two multi-cellular individuals alternate, each producing the…
6 terms
Plant Evolution & Diversity
Green Algae
Apical Meristems
Xylem
Phloem
Plants evolved from...
Growth-producing regions of a plant
moves water and minerals from roots to leaves
moves food from leaves to stem and roots
Green Algae
Plants evolved from...
Apical Meristems
Growth-producing regions of a plant
39 terms
Plant diversity and Evolution
plants
472 million years ago
400 million years ago
phloem
eukaryotic, multicellular, photosynthetic, many are terrestrial
descended from green algae... developed some terrestrial adaptat…
vascular tissue (phloem and Xylem)
transports sugar
plants
eukaryotic, multicellular, photosynthetic, many are terrestrial
472 million years ago
descended from green algae... developed some terrestrial adaptat…
29 terms
evolution of plant diversity
how did plants evolve?
stomata
apical meristems
synapomorphies
-closely related to Chlorophyta (shares several derived trait…
pores for gas exchange that can be closed to minimize water l…
region of rapid mitosis on the tips of shoots and roots
- many are associated with reproduction during the evolution…
how did plants evolve?
-closely related to Chlorophyta (shares several derived trait…
stomata
pores for gas exchange that can be closed to minimize water l…
Plant evolution and diversity
Plants
Charophytes
Plasmodesmata
Placenta
Multicellular photosyntheitc eukaryotes
Freshwater green algae thy land plants are most closely relat…
Creates break between two feels to allow for transfer/communi…
Retain and care for zygote
Plants
Multicellular photosyntheitc eukaryotes
Charophytes
Freshwater green algae thy land plants are most closely relat…
39 terms
Plant Evolution and Diversity
Streptophytes
Tissues
Apical meristems
Alternation of generations
Plants and their closest green algal relatives
Close associations of cells
Provides the meristematic cells for the future root growth
A haploid generation known as gametophyte produces eggs and o…
Streptophytes
Plants and their closest green algal relatives
Tissues
Close associations of cells
48 terms
Plant Diversity and Evolution
T/F: All plants are eukaryotic
T/F: All decendants of the eukaryote t…
Traits for land plants
Traits that lead towards flowering pla…
TRUE
TRUE
-Multicellular... -Mitochondria... -Principally photosynthetic (som…
-Increasing complexity of vegetative cells and tissues... --Dive…
T/F: All plants are eukaryotic
TRUE
T/F: All decendants of the eukaryote t…
TRUE
29 terms
Plant Evolution and Diversity
life cycle
diploid (sporophyte) meiosis
haploid mitosis
gametophyte
alternation of generations
haploid spores
gametophyte
produces sperm and egg
life cycle
alternation of generations
diploid (sporophyte) meiosis
haploid spores
12 terms
Plant Diversity and Evolution
Green Algae
Bryophytes
Vascular Plants
Lycophytes
Earliest group of plants. Includes Chara, Coleochaete, and ot…
Paraphyletic group of plants; first plant lineages to diverge…
Includes Lycophytes, Ferns and horsetails, gymnosperms, and A…
spores rely on swimming sperm for fertilization. Ancient lyco…
Green Algae
Earliest group of plants. Includes Chara, Coleochaete, and ot…
Bryophytes
Paraphyletic group of plants; first plant lineages to diverge…
25 terms
Plant Evolution and Diversity
Naked strands of RNA not covered by a…
Bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE)…
Metabolically, the archaea are
Which of the following organisms move…
viroids
prion
heterotrophic and some are autotrophic as well.
Amoeba proteus
Naked strands of RNA not covered by a…
viroids
Bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE)…
prion
131 terms
Chapter 23 Plant Evolution and Diversity
Among the adaptations of plants to lif…
Generation or life stage that produces…
Which of the following terms is associ…
A leafy plant with no true roots, no s…
C. waxy cutile on roots to prevent drying out
C. gametophyte
A. moss
B. liverwort
Among the adaptations of plants to lif…
C. waxy cutile on roots to prevent drying out
Generation or life stage that produces…
C. gametophyte
34 terms
Plant Evolution and Diversity
Plants evolved from what?
Zygots are protected by a tough polyme…
How does sporopollenin work?
3 benefits of living on land for plants
Green, algal ancestors called charophytes
Sporopollenin
Holds in water, keeps embryo from drying out
bright unfiltered light, abundant CO2 in air & minerals in so…
Plants evolved from what?
Green, algal ancestors called charophytes
Zygots are protected by a tough polyme…
Sporopollenin
Plant Evolution and Diversity
Charophytes
Apical Meristems
Xylem
Phloem
plants and green algae
growth producing regions of cell division that are found near…
consists of dead cells and conveys water and minerals
consists of living cells and conveys sugars
Charophytes
plants and green algae
Apical Meristems
growth producing regions of cell division that are found near…
31 terms
Plant Diversity & Evolution
Plants
475 mya
400 mya
300 mya
eukaryotic, multicellular, photosynthetic, many are terrestrial
paleozoic era; descended from green algae [charophytes]; deve…
paleozoic era; vascular tissue [xylem and phloem]
paleozoic era; seeds and pollen
Plants
eukaryotic, multicellular, photosynthetic, many are terrestrial
475 mya
paleozoic era; descended from green algae [charophytes]; deve…
264 terms
Exam 1: Plant Diversity and Evolution
Plant Character Definition
Homology
Convergent evolution
Phylogeny
Cellulosic cell walls; Photosynthetic cells (double-membrane…
Similarity resulting from common ancestry
Process by which unrelated organisms independently evolve sim…
The evolutionary history of an organism or group of organisms…
Plant Character Definition
Cellulosic cell walls; Photosynthetic cells (double-membrane…
Homology
Similarity resulting from common ancestry
Biology - Plant Evolution and Diversity
Plantae
Strephtophytes
Tissues
Apical Meristems
Kingdom known as the land plants or simply plants
Formed together by plants and their closest green algal relat…
What bodies of all land plants are primarily composed of
Formed by land tissues which arise from one or more actively…
Plantae
Kingdom known as the land plants or simply plants
Strephtophytes
Formed together by plants and their closest green algal relat…
Plant Evolution & Diversity Final
Sporopollenin
Sporangia
Apical meristems
Bryophytes
In earliest land plants, a resistant polymer that surrounds z…
Capsules in seedless plants that produce spores
Regions of unspecialized dividing cells near the tips of the…
Nonvascular plants
Sporopollenin
In earliest land plants, a resistant polymer that surrounds z…
Sporangia
Capsules in seedless plants that produce spores
117 terms
Diversity and Evolution of Plants
plant complexity
late paleozoic
T
T
physiological flexibility... morphological flexibility... complex b…
green algae abundant
charophytes and embryophytes share a common ancestor
embryophytes evolved morphological features that permitted co…
plant complexity
physiological flexibility... morphological flexibility... complex b…
late paleozoic
green algae abundant
The Evolution of Plant and Fungal Diversity
BasPlants
What is the disadvantages of plants?
Explain algae
Explain land plants
'Cann--windTemp-adaptation to land for unlimited sunlight and…
-difficult to maintain moist... -support in a nonbuoyant medium…
-no frigid tissues... -H2O supported that obtain CO2 and mineral…
-maintian moisture through the waxy cuticles of the stomata... -…
BasPlants
'Cann--windTemp-adaptation to land for unlimited sunlight and…
What is the disadvantages of plants?
-difficult to maintain moist... -support in a nonbuoyant medium…
34 terms
Evolution and Diversity of Plants
Plantae
Monophyletic
Cellulose
Alternation of Generations
Kingdom- Monophyletic
Have same ancestor
Cell walls of plants are made of
Life cycle of plants is
Plantae
Kingdom- Monophyletic
Monophyletic
Have same ancestor
Plant Diversity: The Evolution of Seed Plants
Seed
Gametophytes
Gametangia
Sporophyte
An embryo and nutrients surrounded by a protective coat
Haploid
...
Diploid
Seed
An embryo and nutrients surrounded by a protective coat
Gametophytes
Haploid
37 terms
PLANT EVOLUTION and DIVERSITY
Selection in favor of an extreme pheno…
evolutionary trees
An evolutionary tree
Plants create their own food, plants a…
What is directional selection?
__________________ show ancestor-descendant relationships.
Genetic similarity can be used to build what?
What is a plant (4 things)?
Selection in favor of an extreme pheno…
What is directional selection?
evolutionary trees
__________________ show ancestor-descendant relationships.
14 terms
Plant evolution and Diversity
Green algae
Land plants
Describe the obstacles to plant life o…
Synamorphies of NV plants, seedless pl…
oxygen producers — food base for almost all aquatic life — so…
producing oxygen — building and holding soil — holding water…
• Obstacles : desiccation (drying out) & increased UV radiati…
all live on land — cuticle, pores — all have chlorophyll and…
Green algae
oxygen producers — food base for almost all aquatic life — so…
Land plants
producing oxygen — building and holding soil — holding water…
7 terms
Terms - Plants Evolution and Diversity
Diploid
Haploid
Tepals
Calyx
Multicellular plants that produce spores via meiosis
...
Combination of sepals and petals are called... (term utilized…
All the sepals of a flower are collectively referred to as th…
Diploid
Multicellular plants that produce spores via meiosis
Haploid
...
Chapter 17: Plant Evolution and Diversity
Charophytes
Apical Meristems
Vascular Tissues
Xylem (goes up)
Group of green algae that is believed to be the common ancest…
Embryonic plant tissue in the tips of roots and in the buds o…
plant tissue consisting of xylem and phloem joined into tubes…
Nonliving vascular tissue that carries water and dissolved mi…
Charophytes
Group of green algae that is believed to be the common ancest…
Apical Meristems
Embryonic plant tissue in the tips of roots and in the buds o…
Plants- Diversity & Evolution
A land plant is a ______ eukaryote.
land plants obtains:
Plants cells each enclosed by a wall m…
An ____ is an early development stage…
multicellular
carbon from co2 and energy from light.... has cells enclosed by…
cellulose.
embryo
A land plant is a ______ eukaryote.
multicellular
land plants obtains:
carbon from co2 and energy from light.... has cells enclosed by…
19 terms
Evolution & Diversity of Plants
Bryophytes
Types of Bryophytes
Moss gametophyte
Derived Chlorophytes
Nonvascular Plants
- Liverworts... - Hornworts... - Mosses
archegonia, antheridium
Chlorophyll a and b
Bryophytes
Nonvascular Plants
Types of Bryophytes
- Liverworts... - Hornworts... - Mosses
10 terms
The Evolution and Diversity of Plants
Sporic Meiosis
Kingdom Plantae
cuticle
stomata
all plants and a number of green algae can do this, and it is…
comprising more than 280,000 speicies
(a waxy coating covering the body) that prevented the evapora…
(and in some cases pores) ^ evolved at about the same time to…
Sporic Meiosis
all plants and a number of green algae can do this, and it is…
Kingdom Plantae
comprising more than 280,000 speicies
66 terms
Chapter 23 Plant Evolution and Diversity
plants
how did plants adapt to land
what is the body of a charophyte compo…
what qualities did the plant take from…
multicellular eukaryotes whose evolution is marked by adaptat…
land plants protect all phases of reproduction from drying ou…
the body consists of a single line of cells anchored in the m…
1) Cellulose wall to stand up straight... 2) apical cells that a…
plants
multicellular eukaryotes whose evolution is marked by adaptat…
how did plants adapt to land
land plants protect all phases of reproduction from drying ou…
24 terms
Evolution and Plant Diversity
What is life?
spontaneous generation as origin of li…
Approximately when did cellular life e…
Steps life took?
information processing (DNA and/or RNA)... replication (life com…
no... but we didn't know this until microbiological techniques w…
=3.5 billion years ago
Evolution... what we judge as "simple" life is actually very com…
What is life?
information processing (DNA and/or RNA)... replication (life com…
spontaneous generation as origin of li…
no... but we didn't know this until microbiological techniques w…
24 terms
Evolution of plants and fungal diversity
opportunities
challenges
stomata
dependent embryos
unlimited sunlight, abundant CO2, and initially, few pathogen…
keeping moisture in cells, supporting bodies, out of H20, rep…
holes in leaves for gas exchange
________ are present in all plants
opportunities
unlimited sunlight, abundant CO2, and initially, few pathogen…
challenges
keeping moisture in cells, supporting bodies, out of H20, rep…
83 terms
Chapter 23 Study Guide: Plant Evolution and Diversity
Land plants, or simply "plants," are c…
The plant kingdom evolved from _______…
Plants & their closest Green Algal rel…
Despite their adaptations to land, mos…
plantae
green algae
streptophytes
F
Land plants, or simply "plants," are c…
plantae
The plant kingdom evolved from _______…
green algae
45 terms
Evolution and Diversity of Plants
Evolution of Plants
Major Groups of Plants
Sporophyte
Gametophyte
Four evolutionary events associated with the four major group…
multicellular embryo is nourished within the body of the fema…
produces spores by meiosis, diploid generation undergo mitosi…
produces gametes (eggs and sperm) by mitosis, haploid generat…
Evolution of Plants
Four evolutionary events associated with the four major group…
Major Groups of Plants
multicellular embryo is nourished within the body of the fema…
Evolution and Diversity of Plants
cuticle
stomata
extant
sporophyte
waxy coating covering the body that prevents evaporation of w…
a structure which allows gas exchange
living plants
diploid
cuticle
waxy coating covering the body that prevents evaporation of w…
stomata
a structure which allows gas exchange
Lecture 15: Plant Diversity and Plant Evolution
Embryophytes
Similarities between green algae and p…
Leaves
Cuticle
land plants generally green; supply oxygen and are the ultima…
same photosynthetic pigments (chlorophyll a and b)... carbohydra…
organs that increase the surface area of vascular plants to c…
critical adaptation during evolutionn; waxy watertight sealan…
Embryophytes
land plants generally green; supply oxygen and are the ultima…
Similarities between green algae and p…
same photosynthetic pigments (chlorophyll a and b)... carbohydra…
Evolution and Diversity of Plants
Five key events in the History of Plan…
What are the four evolutionary innovat…
Advantages of seeds
What is the male gametophyte?
Multicellularity... Invasion of land\... Evolution of vascular tiss…
1.Further reduction of the gametophyte stage 2.Variation in s…
Better dispersal than spores and can remain viable longer. Th…
Pollen. Transported to female gametophyte
Five key events in the History of Plan…
Multicellularity... Invasion of land\... Evolution of vascular tiss…
What are the four evolutionary innovat…
1.Further reduction of the gametophyte stage 2.Variation in s…
Chapter 23 Plant Evolution and Diversity
alternation of generations
Antheridium
Apical
Archegonium
Life cycle, typical of land plants, in which a diploid sporop…
Sperm-producing structures, as in the moss life cycle.
Directional term that refers to the tip of a filament or bran…
Egg-producing structures, as in the moss life cycle.
alternation of generations
Life cycle, typical of land plants, in which a diploid sporop…
Antheridium
Sperm-producing structures, as in the moss life cycle.
Chapter 23-Plant Evolution and Diversity
streptophytes
tissues
apical meristems
alternation of generations
plants and their closest green algal relatives
bodies of land plants are composed of this, making it difficu…
thick robust bodies able to withstand drought
two types of multicellular bodies. Haploid generation (gameto…
streptophytes
plants and their closest green algal relatives
tissues
bodies of land plants are composed of this, making it difficu…
Chapter 23 Plant evolution and diversity
Green algae
Streptophytes
Haploid- Egg and sperm... Diploid- Spores
Bryophytes
The plant kingdom evolved from _____ _____ ancestors
Plants and their green algal relatives are known as the _____…
In the alternation of generations, the haploid produces _____…
Collectively the simplest land plants (Hornworts, mosses and…
Green algae
The plant kingdom evolved from _____ _____ ancestors
Streptophytes
Plants and their green algal relatives are known as the _____…
14 terms
Chapter 31 (Plant Evolution & Diversity)
Explain the characteristics that all p…
Explain the ecological and economic im…
Describe plant phylogeny, including th…
Describe the major adaptations that al…
Multicellular with cellulose cell walls... Photosynthetic (chlor…
We could not live without them... People rely on plants for food…
The green plants are monophyletic... Green algae are paraphyleti…
Plants had to adapt to living and reproducing in a dry enviro…
Explain the characteristics that all p…
Multicellular with cellulose cell walls... Photosynthetic (chlor…
Explain the ecological and economic im…
We could not live without them... People rely on plants for food…
Chapter 23: Plant Evolution and Diversity
Plants
Charophytes
Stomata
Cuticle
multi-cellular, photosynthetic eukaryotes whose evolution is…
group of freshwater green algae
tiny openings or pores which allow for gas exchange
waxy covering that covers all exposed surfaces and is relativ…
Plants
multi-cellular, photosynthetic eukaryotes whose evolution is…
Charophytes
group of freshwater green algae
13 terms
Chapter 23;Plant Evolution and Diversity
Angiosperms
Gymnosperm
Cotyledon
Sepal
The flowering plant; the seeds are borne within a fruit
The plant that produce seeds but no fruit
The part of the seed that includes the starch.
Modified leaves that protect the flower bud
Angiosperms
The flowering plant; the seeds are borne within a fruit
Gymnosperm
The plant that produce seeds but no fruit
119 terms
Chapter 23 - Plant Evolution and Diversity
Kingdom Plantae
Why study plants
Terrestrial Adaptation: Waxy Cuticle-
Terrestrial Adaptation: Stomata
1.Multicellular... 2.Eukaryotic... 3.Cellulose Cell Wall... 4.Plasmode…
1.Oxygen... 2.Ozone... 3.Nutrition... 4.Reveals the glory of God... 5.Bea…
prevents water loss
manage gas exchange (H20, C02)
Kingdom Plantae
1.Multicellular... 2.Eukaryotic... 3.Cellulose Cell Wall... 4.Plasmode…
Why study plants
1.Oxygen... 2.Ozone... 3.Nutrition... 4.Reveals the glory of God... 5.Bea…
Chapter 23: Plant Evolution and diversity
Benefits of living on land
Disadvantages of living on land
Benefits of living in water
Adaptations of plants on land
-Plenty of light... -CO2 is present in high concentrations and d…
Threat of desication
-Plenty of water... -Support for body of plant
-Protective seed coats over embryo to provide food... -Body cove…
Benefits of living on land
-Plenty of light... -CO2 is present in high concentrations and d…
Disadvantages of living on land
Threat of desication
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