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Study sets matching "division chapter 11"

18 terms
Chapter 11 Cell Division
Go Phase
G1 Phase
S Phase
G2 Phase
-cells not actively dividing
-growth and preparation for S phase
-DNA synthesis
-growth and preparation for M phase
Go Phase
-cells not actively dividing
G1 Phase
-growth and preparation for S phase
50 terms
Chapter 11: Cell Division
Somatic Cell
Tetrad
Necrosis
Prometaphase
All of the cells that are not specialized for reproduction
During prophase I, the association of a pair of chromosomes,…
Cell death caused by environmental factors such as toxins
The phase of nuclear division that begins with the disintegra…
Somatic Cell
All of the cells that are not specialized for reproduction
Tetrad
During prophase I, the association of a pair of chromosomes,…
101 terms
chapter 11: Cell division
Cell division
cell division requirments:
Prokaryotic cells divide by
Eukaryotic cells divide by
is the process by which a single cell becomes two daughter ce…
The two daughter cells must each receive the full complement…
binary fission.
mitosis and cytokinesis.
Cell division
is the process by which a single cell becomes two daughter ce…
cell division requirments:
The two daughter cells must each receive the full complement…
60 terms
Chapter 11: Cell Division
Cell Division
Asexual Reproduction
Sexual Reproduction
Gametes
The process by which cells make more cells.
The reproduction of cells or single-celled organisms by cell…
The process of producing offspring that receive genetic mater…
A reproductive haploid cell resulting from meiotic cell divis…
Cell Division
The process by which cells make more cells.
Asexual Reproduction
The reproduction of cells or single-celled organisms by cell…
61 terms
Chapter 11: Cell division
Cell division
Asexual reproduction
Sexual reproduction
Gametes
-Process by which cells make more cells... -Important in reprodu…
Parent cell divides into two identical (may carry small diffe…
-Offspring receive genetic material from two parents (half fr…
-Eggs and sperm, the specialized reproductive cells involved…
Cell division
-Process by which cells make more cells... -Important in reprodu…
Asexual reproduction
Parent cell divides into two identical (may carry small diffe…
31 terms
Chapter 11- Cell Division
Cell cycle
What are the 3 checkpoints that must b…
What are cyclins? What do they bind to…
Chromosomes
G₁- gap and preparation for S... S- synthesis of DNA... G₂- gap and…
G₁- DNA damage... G₂- successful DNA replication... Metaphase- if a…
Checkpoint proteins that bind to cyclin dependent kinases (CD…
Units of genetic material, made of chromatin, and contain gen…
Cell cycle
G₁- gap and preparation for S... S- synthesis of DNA... G₂- gap and…
What are the 3 checkpoints that must b…
G₁- DNA damage... G₂- successful DNA replication... Metaphase- if a…
22 terms
Chapter 11: Cell Division
What are the 4 events that take place…
How does prokaryotic cell division dif…
What is the goal of mitosis?
What is the goal of meiosis?
A reproductive signal ("go")... DNA replication (copying DNA)... Se…
Cytokinesis is different. Since plant cells have a cell wall,…
Mitosis separates the sister chromatids. Mitosis is the divis…
Meiosis I: reduces number of chromosomes in each cell by sepa…
What are the 4 events that take place…
A reproductive signal ("go")... DNA replication (copying DNA)... Se…
How does prokaryotic cell division dif…
Cytokinesis is different. Since plant cells have a cell wall,…
19 terms
Chapter 11- Cell Cycle & Division
cell division important for?
four events for cell division
chromatin
DNA
-growth: single/multi celled organisms... -repair: replace lost/…
1. signal- signal to divide (external or internal) ... 2. replic…
contains DNA molecule and associated proteins
-linear arrangement of nucleotides... -form of double helix (2 s…
cell division important for?
-growth: single/multi celled organisms... -repair: replace lost/…
four events for cell division
1. signal- signal to divide (external or internal) ... 2. replic…
5 terms
Chapter 11: Cell Division
cell division
-growth... -cell replacement... -healing... -re…
binary fission
mitosis and cytokinesis
process by which cells make more cells
reasons cell division occurs
process by which prokaryotic cell division occurs
processes by which eukaryotic cell division occur
cell division
process by which cells make more cells
-growth... -cell replacement... -healing... -re…
reasons cell division occurs
52 terms
Chapter 11 Cell Division
cell division
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
gametes
the process by which cells make more cells
the reproduction of cells or single-celled organisms by cell…
the process of producing offspring that receive genetic mater…
A reproductive haploid cell resulting from meiotic cell divis…
cell division
the process by which cells make more cells
asexual reproduction
the reproduction of cells or single-celled organisms by cell…
98 terms
Chapter 11 - Cell Division
4 events of cell division:
binary fission
Chromosome
Two important regions of chromosomes:
*A reproductive signal initiates cell division... *Replication o…
results in 2 new single-celled organisms... -how bacteria replic…
a single molecule of DNA... -often forms a circle, but is compac…
*ori - where replication starts (origin) - these regions move…
4 events of cell division:
*A reproductive signal initiates cell division... *Replication o…
binary fission
results in 2 new single-celled organisms... -how bacteria replic…
46 terms
Cell Division (Chapter 11)
number of events for cell division
first event of cell division
second event of cell division
third event of cell division
four
signal
replication
segregation
number of events for cell division
four
first event of cell division
signal
39 terms
Chapter 11: Cell Division
Septation
Interphase
G1 Phase
S Phase
The process of dividing into two distinct cells in microbial…
The time between 2 successive M phases
DNA is not replicated (chromosomes hang out)
Synthesize a copy of DNA
Septation
The process of dividing into two distinct cells in microbial…
Interphase
The time between 2 successive M phases
58 terms
Cell Division Chapter 11
Prokaryotic Cells
Eukaryotic Cells
Cell Division
Binary Fission
Binary Fission
Mitosis and Cytokinesis
- The process by which a single cell becomes two daughter cel…
-A cell replicates its DNA, increasing in size, and divide in…
Prokaryotic Cells
Binary Fission
Eukaryotic Cells
Mitosis and Cytokinesis
27 terms
Chapter 11 Efferent Division
Autonomic neurons
Parasympathetic
Sympathetic
Antagonistic control
Involuntary control... -smooth and cardiac muscle... -endocrine and…
"rest and digest"
"fight or flight"
most internal organs are under antagonistic control
Autonomic neurons
Involuntary control... -smooth and cardiac muscle... -endocrine and…
Parasympathetic
"rest and digest"
39 terms
Chapter 11: Cell Division
DNA Compaction
Heterochromatin
Euchromatin
Mitotic Cell Divison
-compaction is not uniform... -chromosomes compact further when…
-highly compacted and transcriptionally inactive... -some locali…
-less condensed and capable of gene transcription... -most chrom…
- a cell divides to produce 2 new cells genetically identical…
DNA Compaction
-compaction is not uniform... -chromosomes compact further when…
Heterochromatin
-highly compacted and transcriptionally inactive... -some locali…
35 terms
Chapter 11 cell division
a cell with a full set of chromosomes 2n
a cell with half the number of chromos…
1 set of chromosomes from each parent
pair of chromosomes from each parent
diploid
haploid
2n cell
homologous pair
a cell with a full set of chromosomes 2n
diploid
a cell with half the number of chromos…
haploid
36 terms
Chapter 11: Cell Division
binary fission
What are the steps in binary fission?
What are the major phases of the cell…
haploid
prokaryotic cell division
1. DNA is circular and anchored to the plasma membrane.... 2. Re…
G0- the part when the cell is not in the cell cycle... G1- Dupli…
one complete set of chromosomes
binary fission
prokaryotic cell division
What are the steps in binary fission?
1. DNA is circular and anchored to the plasma membrane.... 2. Re…
27 terms
Chapter 11: The cell cycle and division
Prokaryotic cell division... -Binary fiss…
Prokaryotic cell division... -Reproductiv…
Prokaryotic cell division... -DNA replica…
Prokaryotic cell division
-Process that ensures that daughter cells are genetically ide…
-Environmental conditions... -Nutrient concentrations
-1 chromosome... -Ori-start site... -Ter-end site
-Anabolic metabolism active... -cell grows... -these walls are cons…
Prokaryotic cell division... -Binary fiss…
-Process that ensures that daughter cells are genetically ide…
Prokaryotic cell division... -Reproductiv…
-Environmental conditions... -Nutrient concentrations
47 terms
Chapter 11 Cell Division
the process in reproduction and growth…
A reproductive process that involves o…
A reproductive process that involves t…
A haploid cell such as an egg or sperm…
Cell Division
Asexual Reproduction
Sexual Reproduction
Gametes
the process in reproduction and growth…
Cell Division
A reproductive process that involves o…
Asexual Reproduction
11 terms
Chapter 11 The Efferent Division
The autonomic nervous system controls…
Mass activation
variscosities
cholinergic, adrenergic
Regarding the motor efferent division of the PNS, all of the…
The sympathoadrenal system prepares the body for intense acti…
Some postganglionic axons have unusual synapses called ______…
Regarding ANS neurotransmitters, _______________ receptors ar…
The autonomic nervous system controls…
Regarding the motor efferent division of the PNS, all of the…
Mass activation
The sympathoadrenal system prepares the body for intense acti…
73 terms
Chapter 11: Efferent Division, Autonomic Control
2 divisions of ANS
main control center of ANS
division of ANS known as the "fight or…
division of ANS known as the "rest and…
sympathetic and parasympathetic
hypothalamus
sympathetic
parasympathetic
2 divisions of ANS
sympathetic and parasympathetic
main control center of ANS
hypothalamus
19 terms
Chapter 11: Efferent Division of Nervous System
Autonomic Nervous System (ANS)
Sympathetic Division
Parasympathetic division
ANS Organization
System of motor neurons that innervate smooth muscle, cardiac…
"Fight or Flight" response... -Causes rapid heart rate, deep bre…
"Resting and Digesting"... -Keeps energy use as low as possible.…
Control Centers: located in hypothal., pons, medulla. ... Motor…
Autonomic Nervous System (ANS)
System of motor neurons that innervate smooth muscle, cardiac…
Sympathetic Division
"Fight or Flight" response... -Causes rapid heart rate, deep bre…
95 terms
Chapter 11: Muscular System: Appendicular Division
Group 1: Moves pectoral girdle
Group 2: Moves arm at shoulder
Group 3: Moves forearm at elbow
Group 4: Moves hand at wrist
Origin: Axial Skeleton... Insertion: Clavicle & Scapula
Origin: Clavicle & Scapula... Insertion: Humerus
Origin: Humerus... Insertion: Radius & Ulna
Origin: Humerus, Radius, & Ulna... Insertion: Carpals & Metacarp…
Group 1: Moves pectoral girdle
Origin: Axial Skeleton... Insertion: Clavicle & Scapula
Group 2: Moves arm at shoulder
Origin: Clavicle & Scapula... Insertion: Humerus
61 terms
Chapter 11: Cell Division
Steps of Binary Fission
Why is eukaryotic cell division compli…
Major phases of the cell cycle
haploid
1.) DNA is circular... 2.) DNA is connected to plasma membrane... 3…
1.) DNA is arranged into chromosomes... 2.) Each chromosome need…
1.) Gzero phase - cardio cells/neural cells always in this ph…
one complete set of chromosomes - sperm/eggs
Steps of Binary Fission
1.) DNA is circular... 2.) DNA is connected to plasma membrane... 3…
Why is eukaryotic cell division compli…
1.) DNA is arranged into chromosomes... 2.) Each chromosome need…
46 terms
Chapter 11. Cell Division- Mitosis
binary fission
plasmid DNA
types of plasmid DNA
chromosomal DNA
division of prokaryotes
extra chromosomal circular DNA molecules that replicate indep…
r-plasmid, f-plasmid, c-factors
contains a single origin of replication and is bound to the p…
binary fission
division of prokaryotes
plasmid DNA
extra chromosomal circular DNA molecules that replicate indep…
53 terms
Chapter 11: Cell Division
What is binary fission
Why is eukaryotic division "complicate…
What is the cell cycle?
What is interphase?
asexual cell division by prokaryotes; 6 steps... 1) prokaryotic…
chromosomes. chromosomes complicate everything
interphase and m phase over and over again
G0, G1, S phase, G2
What is binary fission
asexual cell division by prokaryotes; 6 steps... 1) prokaryotic…
Why is eukaryotic division "complicate…
chromosomes. chromosomes complicate everything
35 terms
BIOL 2170 Chapter 11: Cell Division
cell cycle
interphase
G1
S phase
the series of events that take place in a cell leading to its…
most of the life of the cell - phase between divisions
between end of mitosis and beginning of S phase ... cell growth
DNA replicates; one chromosome becomes two sister chromatids…
cell cycle
the series of events that take place in a cell leading to its…
interphase
most of the life of the cell - phase between divisions
120 terms
Chapter 11: Cell Division
What are gametes?
How do prokaryotic cells divide?
How is the nucleus divided in eukaryot…
How is the cytoplasm divided in eukary…
Egg and sperm that can unite together to form a zygote
By binary fission
Via mitosis
Via cytokinesis
What are gametes?
Egg and sperm that can unite together to form a zygote
How do prokaryotic cells divide?
By binary fission
18 terms
Chapter 11: Cell Division
1. What are the 4 events that take pla…
2. How does prokaryotic cell division…
3. What is the goal of mitosis? The go…
5. What are homologous pairs of chromo…
Reproductive signaling to initiate division, DNA replication,…
Reproductive signal: Off in eukaryotes, on in prokaryotes.... D…
Mitosis: Produce two identical diploid cells. somatic cells t…
Homologous pairs are chromosomes that code for the same gene…
1. What are the 4 events that take pla…
Reproductive signaling to initiate division, DNA replication,…
2. How does prokaryotic cell division…
Reproductive signal: Off in eukaryotes, on in prokaryotes.... D…
33 terms
Chapter 11 Efferent Division
Somatic Motor Pathway
Autonomic Pathways ... 1.targets
Autonomic Division... 1. exerts ... 2. invol…
Autonomic division pathway
One neuron from spinal cord to peripheral target
Two neurons from spinal cord to peripheral target ... 1. smooth…
1. unconscious control over body functions ... 2. hypothalamus,…
1. Receives input from hypothalamic and peripheral sensors... 2.…
Somatic Motor Pathway
One neuron from spinal cord to peripheral target
Autonomic Pathways ... 1.targets
Two neurons from spinal cord to peripheral target ... 1. smooth…
130 terms
Chapter 11: Cell Division
cell division
A sexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
gametes
process by which cells divide
new regeneration is created when the parent cell divides and…
results in offspring that receive genetic material form two p…
Specialized cells: eggs and sperm ... -often contain half the nu…
cell division
process by which cells divide
A sexual reproduction
new regeneration is created when the parent cell divides and…
20 terms
BIOL2170 Chapter 11: Cell Division II
Eukaryotic Cell Cycle
Growth Factors
platelet-derived growth factors
erythropoietin
external chemical signals that stimulate cells to divide
PDGF stimulates skin cells to divide and heal wounds
stimulates division of bone marrow cells and production of re…
Eukaryotic Cell Cycle
Growth Factors
external chemical signals that stimulate cells to divide
13 terms
Chapter 11 Autonomic Division of the Efferent Nervous system
Autonomic Division
Two Branches of the Autonomic Division
Sympathetic Division
Parasympathetic Division
Not under voluntary control... (also known as the visceral nervo…
Parasympathetic (Rest and Digest)... Sympathetic (Fight or Flight)
Division of the autonomic system that is responsible for figh…
Division of the autonomic system that is responsible for day-…
Autonomic Division
Not under voluntary control... (also known as the visceral nervo…
Two Branches of the Autonomic Division
Parasympathetic (Rest and Digest)... Sympathetic (Fight or Flight)
20 terms
Chapter 11 Efferent Division
1. Name the two efferent divisions of…
The autonomic nervous system is someti…
What are the two branches of the auton…
How are these branches distinguished f…
Somatic motor neurons: skeletal muscles... Autonomic neurons: sm…
Controls internal organs (viscera) and controls things such a…
Sympathetic ... Parasympathetic
Sympathetic neurons exit the spinal cord in the thoracic and…
1. Name the two efferent divisions of…
Somatic motor neurons: skeletal muscles... Autonomic neurons: sm…
The autonomic nervous system is someti…
Controls internal organs (viscera) and controls things such a…
32 terms
Chapter 11 - Cell Cycle and Cell Division
Reasons cells divide
What must occur for a cell to divide?
Binary fission
Prokaryotic cell division
Growth, repair, and reproduction
- Reproductive signal... - DNA replication... - New cells distribut…
Reproduction of prokaryote by division of cell into two compa…
1. Signal (nutrients or environment)... 2. DNA replication (usua…
Reasons cells divide
Growth, repair, and reproduction
What must occur for a cell to divide?
- Reproductive signal... - DNA replication... - New cells distribut…
Chapter 11: Efferent Division
Name the 2 different divisions in the…
What does the autonomic division control
what does the somatic division control
what is parasympathetic
Somatic/ Autonomic... (Afferent/Efferent ... Sympathetic/Parasy…
autonomic reflexes, antagonistic controls,... ex: cardiac,smooth…
cns control of skeletal muscles through neuromuscular junction
rest & digest... restore body function... homeostasis
Name the 2 different divisions in the…
Somatic/ Autonomic... (Afferent/Efferent ... Sympathetic/Parasy…
What does the autonomic division control
autonomic reflexes, antagonistic controls,... ex: cardiac,smooth…
Chapter 11: Cell Division
two criteria needed for cell division:
what is believed about the correlation…
daughter cells receive ______ from the…
where are the circular DNA molecules r…
1. daughter cells must have full complement of genetic materi…
mitosis is believed to have evolved from binary fission
ONE copy of DNA
attached to the membrane by proteins
two criteria needed for cell division:
1. daughter cells must have full complement of genetic materi…
what is believed about the correlation…
mitosis is believed to have evolved from binary fission
9 terms
Chapter 11: Cell Division
What is the role of the protein FtsZ?
What protein forms the contractile rin…
During what step in meiosis do the dau…
Muscle cells in the mammalian heart ar…
It forms a ring at the site of constriction
actin
anaphase I
cytokinesis does not occur
What is the role of the protein FtsZ?
It forms a ring at the site of constriction
What protein forms the contractile rin…
actin
27 terms
1. The Autonomic Division (chapter 11)
autonomic neurons
parasympathetic neurons
sympathetic neurons
spinal reflexes
control smooth muscle, cardiac muscle, many glands and some a…
"rest and digest"
"fight or flight", the massive sympathetic discharge that occ…
autonomic reflexes that are capable of taking place without i…
autonomic neurons
control smooth muscle, cardiac muscle, many glands and some a…
parasympathetic neurons
"rest and digest"
70 terms
Chapter 11 The Cell Cycle and Cell Division
Reproductive signal
Replication
Segregation
Cytokinesis
Signal that initiates cell division and may originate from ei…
The duplication of genetic material
The separation of alleles, or of homologous chromosomes, from…
The division of the cytoplasm of a dividing cell
Reproductive signal
Signal that initiates cell division and may originate from ei…
Replication
The duplication of genetic material
81 terms
Chapter 11: Efferent Division
____________ ___________ pathway: 1 ne…
Receptor enzyme is a ___________ _____…
Chromaffin cells are analogous to ____…
The adrenal medulla secretes _________…
somatic motor
tyrosine kinase
postganglionic sympathatic
epinephrine
____________ ___________ pathway: 1 ne…
somatic motor
Receptor enzyme is a ___________ _____…
tyrosine kinase
73 terms
Chapter 11: cell division
Single parent cell turns into?
Mitotic cell division is what kind of…
Meiotic cell division used for?
Cancer is?
Two daughter cells
Asexual, unicellular
Sexual reproduction
Uncontrolled cell division from mutations in genes
Single parent cell turns into?
Two daughter cells
Mitotic cell division is what kind of…
Asexual, unicellular
43 terms
BIO Chapter 11: Cell Division
Four events that must occur for cell d…
Asexual Reporoduction
Sexual Reproduction
Gametes
1. Reproductive signal (initiate cell division) ... 2. Replicati…
When offspring receive genetic material from a single parent…
Offspring that receive genetic material from two parents
Egg and sperm cells (each contain half the amount of chromoso…
Four events that must occur for cell d…
1. Reproductive signal (initiate cell division) ... 2. Replicati…
Asexual Reporoduction
When offspring receive genetic material from a single parent…
71 terms
Chapter 11: cell cycle and division
Cell Division: 4 key events
Cell division: Reproduction Signal
Cell Division: DNA replication
Cell Division: Segregation
1. Reproductive Signals... 2. DNA replication ... 3. Segregation... 4.…
initiates cell division process
Duplication of all DNA molecules
Equal distribution of the DNA into the future new cells
Cell Division: 4 key events
1. Reproductive Signals... 2. DNA replication ... 3. Segregation... 4.…
Cell division: Reproduction Signal
initiates cell division process
8 terms
chapter 11: cell cycle and division
interphase
prophase
prometaphase
metaphase
nucleus is visible and cell functions, including DNA replicat…
chromatin condenses and chromatids become visible
nuclear envelope breaks down and chromosomes attach to the sp…
chromosomes line up at the midline
interphase
nucleus is visible and cell functions, including DNA replicat…
prophase
chromatin condenses and chromatids become visible
32 terms
Chapter 11: Cell Cycle & Division
It is in the nucleus and in the form o…
When the cell is getting ready to divi…
Chromosome
Gene
How is DNA organized when the cell is not dividing ?
What is the function of histone proteins?
Carriers of genetic information that is copied and passed to…
Sequence of DNA nucleotides that controls production of prote…
It is in the nucleus and in the form o…
How is DNA organized when the cell is not dividing ?
When the cell is getting ready to divi…
What is the function of histone proteins?
17 terms
Chapter 11: Cell Division and Inheritance
Diploid
Homologous Chromosomes
Phenotype
Genotype
having two copies of every chromosome
a pair of chromosomes that both contain the same genes. In a…
the visible or measurable features of an individual
the particular genetic makeup of an individual
Diploid
having two copies of every chromosome
Homologous Chromosomes
a pair of chromosomes that both contain the same genes. In a…
22 terms
Cell Growth and Division - Chapter 11
Cell Division
Asexual Reproduction
Sexual Reproduction
Chromosome
The process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
A type of reproduction involving a single parent that results…
Type of reproduction in which cells from two parents join to…
Structure made of one long DNA molecule and attached protein…
Cell Division
The process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
Asexual Reproduction
A type of reproduction involving a single parent that results…
60 terms
Bio Chapter 11: Cell Division
Cell Division
Asexual Reproduction
Sexual Reproduction
Gametes
Process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
Process by which a single parent reproduces by itself
Process by which two gametes fuse and offspring that are a ge…
Eggs and sperm
Cell Division
Process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
Asexual Reproduction
Process by which a single parent reproduces by itself
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