Study sets matching "dna biology genetics"

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Study sets matching "dna biology genetics"

58 terms
biology: Genetics and DNA
what is binary fission
name all steps of the cell cycle
G1 Phase
S Phase
how prokaryotes divide
- G1 phase... -S phase... - G2 phase... - M phase... -cytokinesis
-first growth stage... -cell prepares to copy dna
-copying of all DNA... -chromosomes duplicated
what is binary fission
how prokaryotes divide
name all steps of the cell cycle
- G1 phase... -S phase... - G2 phase... - M phase... -cytokinesis
Discover Biology: Genetics and DNA
genetic trait
phenotype
diploid
haploid
any inherited characteristic of an organism that can be obser…
The display of a particular version of a genetic trait in a s…
Somatic cells of plants and animals are ____, meaning that th…
Gametes are created through meiosis and are _____, meaning th…
genetic trait
any inherited characteristic of an organism that can be obser…
phenotype
The display of a particular version of a genetic trait in a s…
34 terms
Genetics and DNA for Biology
hox gene
general shape of DNA molecule
DNA replication steps
3 major organelles involved in central…
controls cell differentiation in embryos
double helix shape
DNA unzips, nitrogen bases are matched, 2 identical DNA molec…
DNA, RNA, proteins
hox gene
controls cell differentiation in embryos
general shape of DNA molecule
double helix shape
39 terms
Biology - Genetics (RNA & DNA)
Nucleotide
Deoxyribose
Nitrogenous Base
Watson and Crick
is made of sugar, phosphate, and bases
A five-carbon sugar that is a component of DNA nucleotides
Cytosine, Adenine, Thymine, Guanine... and in mRNA Uracil
The scientists credited with establishing the structure of DN…
Nucleotide
is made of sugar, phosphate, and bases
Deoxyribose
A five-carbon sugar that is a component of DNA nucleotides
25 terms
Biology Genetics-DNA Vocab
Allolactose
Lac Operon
Operator
Promoter Site
inducer
several genes transcribed togteher
on/off switch where repressor sits
where RNA attaches to begin transcription
Allolactose
inducer
Lac Operon
several genes transcribed togteher
12 terms
Biology DNA and Genetics
Genome
Haploid
Diploid
Somatic cells
All of the DNA in one cell of an organism
An organism or cell having only one complete set of chromosom…
An organism or cell having two complete set of chromosomes.
All the cells of a multicellular organism except the gamete-f…
Genome
All of the DNA in one cell of an organism
Haploid
An organism or cell having only one complete set of chromosom…
22 terms
Biology-scientists, genetics, DNA
Transcription
Translation
Friedrich Miescher
Frederick Griffith
DNA makes a copy of a portion of its code, sends this message…
At a ribosome, messenger rna gets help from transfer rna anti…
Isolated a new molecule, nuclein. Determined nucleus was made…
Studies bacteria looking for pneumonia. Found 2 specific stra…
Transcription
DNA makes a copy of a portion of its code, sends this message…
Translation
At a ribosome, messenger rna gets help from transfer rna anti…
32 terms
Biology / Genetics/ DNA
DNA
Antiparallel
Nucleotides
Nucleotide is made of
A molecule called nucleic acid
Parallel but opposite directions.
The monomer (or building blocks) of DNA
A Phosphate and Sugar backbone AND Nitrogen Bases (the rungs)
DNA
A molecule called nucleic acid
Antiparallel
Parallel but opposite directions.
biology dna, rna, genetics
mutation
types of mutations
point mutations
frameshift mutation
a mistake or change in the genetic (DNA) makeup of an organism
1. point ... 2. frameshift ... 3. chromosomal ... 4. spontaneous
change in a single base pair in DNA
a shift in one place (deletions/insertions)
mutation
a mistake or change in the genetic (DNA) makeup of an organism
types of mutations
1. point ... 2. frameshift ... 3. chromosomal ... 4. spontaneous
85 terms
Biology Genetics & DNA
Mendel
Mendelian Genetics
Law of Segregation
Law of Independent Assortment
Austrian monk and botanist who studied genetics.
Mendelian genetics is a theory of genetic inheritance develop…
Mendel's law that states that the pairs of homologous chromos…
Each member of a pair of homologous chromosomes separates ind…
Mendel
Austrian monk and botanist who studied genetics.
Mendelian Genetics
Mendelian genetics is a theory of genetic inheritance develop…
DNA and Genetics Biology
Phenotype
Geneotype
homozygous
heterozygous
is a physical appearance of a trait
Is the combination of alleles that an organism had for a trait.
2 alleles for the same trait
2 different alleles for a trait
Phenotype
is a physical appearance of a trait
Geneotype
Is the combination of alleles that an organism had for a trait.
34 terms
Biology: Genetics and DNA
genetics
traits
cross pollination
gene
the study of heredity
a characteristic that can be passed from parent to offspring
pollen from one plant is used to fertilize the eggs from anot…
sections of a chromosome that code for a trait
genetics
the study of heredity
traits
a characteristic that can be passed from parent to offspring
64 terms
Biology Genetics and DNA
Stem Cells
Gregor Mendel
Trait
Allele
Original unspecialized cells
Discovered Genetics
Characteristic of an individual
One of the forms of a gene
Stem Cells
Original unspecialized cells
Gregor Mendel
Discovered Genetics
18 terms
Biology DNA and Genetics
DNA
Double helix
Deoxyribose
Phosphate
Stands for deoxyribonucleic acid
DNA is shaped like a twisted ladder
Five carbon sugar
Molecule containing phosphorus and oxygen
DNA
Stands for deoxyribonucleic acid
Double helix
DNA is shaped like a twisted ladder
24 terms
Biology 202: Molecular Genetics - DNA
adenine
adenosine triphosphate ATP
anticodon
codon
a nitrogen-containing base that is part of one of the types o…
the molecule that delivers usable chemical energy for almost…
a sequence of three bases in a tRNA molecule that is compleme…
a sequence of three bases that codes for a single amino acid
adenine
a nitrogen-containing base that is part of one of the types o…
adenosine triphosphate ATP
the molecule that delivers usable chemical energy for almost…
33 terms
Genetics and DNA for Biology
general shape of DNA molecule
DNA replication steps
3 major organelles involved in central…
nucleus organelle structure
double helix shape
DNA unzips, nitrogen bases are matched, 2 identical DNA molec…
DNA, RNA, proteins
nuclear envelope surrounds it, chromatin inside, nucleolus to…
general shape of DNA molecule
double helix shape
DNA replication steps
DNA unzips, nitrogen bases are matched, 2 identical DNA molec…
25 terms
AP Biology DNA and Molecular Genetics
RNA splicing
introns
exons
splicesome
removal of large portions of the RNA molecule that was origin…
non-coding segments of RNA that are removed through RNA splic…
regions of the RNA that are kept and pasted bakc together aft…
large complex of proteins and RNA that splices RNa by interac…
RNA splicing
removal of large portions of the RNA molecule that was origin…
introns
non-coding segments of RNA that are removed through RNA splic…
Biology - DNA, Cells and Genetics
Organism
Cell theory
Cell theory states
Prokaryotic cells
A living thing
Cell theory is a scientific theory which describes the proper…
All organisms are composed of one or more cells... The cell i…
Are microscopic, single called organisms. Are cells that do n…
Organism
A living thing
Cell theory
Cell theory is a scientific theory which describes the proper…
35 terms
DNA and Genetics quiz. Biology
Gene
Allele
Homozygous
Heterozygous
A piece of DNA that provides a set of instructions to a cell…
Any of the alternative forms of a gene that may occur at a sp…
Two Of the same alleles at a specific location
Describes two different alleles at a specific locus
Gene
A piece of DNA that provides a set of instructions to a cell…
Allele
Any of the alternative forms of a gene that may occur at a sp…
30 terms
Biology - Genetics & DNA Review
A character undergoing Polygenic Inher…
Nitrogen Base Pairs
What is Semi-Conservative?
Be able to replicate a strand of DNA...
Phenotype; physical characteristics, etc.
Adenine = Thymine... Cytosine = Guanine
To partially save parts of the original DNA strand.
ATCGGTAG --> TAGCCATC
A character undergoing Polygenic Inher…
Phenotype; physical characteristics, etc.
Nitrogen Base Pairs
Adenine = Thymine... Cytosine = Guanine
Biology: DNA, Mitosis/meiosis, and Genetics
Types of Nucleotides
DNA construction
Intron
Rosalind Franklin
There are four types of nucleotides including Adenine, Thymin…
DNA is made out if a nitrogenous base + a phophorous base( ca…
its a DNA sequence within a gene that "clipped out" portions…
Female scientist that took a picture of DNA and never really…
Types of Nucleotides
There are four types of nucleotides including Adenine, Thymin…
DNA construction
DNA is made out if a nitrogenous base + a phophorous base( ca…
25 terms
AP Biology: DNA and Genetics
RNA splicing
introns
exons
splicesome
removal of large portions of the RNA molecule that was origin…
non-coding segments of RNA that are removed through RNA splic…
regions of the RNA that are kept and pasted bakc together aft…
large complex of proteins and RNA that splices RNa by interac…
RNA splicing
removal of large portions of the RNA molecule that was origin…
introns
non-coding segments of RNA that are removed through RNA splic…
Biology Fultz DNA and Genetics
contains the instructions for making p…
chromosomes are made of a chemical cal…
the shape of a strand of DNA is called
double ring bases are called
dna
dna
double helix
purines
contains the instructions for making p…
dna
chromosomes are made of a chemical cal…
dna
44 terms
IX Biology: DNA and Genetics
Helicase
Primase
where is DNA found?
anticodon
Enzyme that unwinds the double helix
Enzyme that makes RNA primer start a strand of DNA
the nucleus and mitochondria
set of 3 unpaired bases in the center loop of tRNA
Helicase
Enzyme that unwinds the double helix
Primase
Enzyme that makes RNA primer start a strand of DNA
Biology Genetics and DNA
What is the central dogma of Biology?
What is genome?
What is a chromosome?
What is a gene?
DNA --> RNA---> Protein
a complete set of genetic information ex) encylcopedia
packaged DNA with genetic information ex) one book in a encyc…
one small unit of heredity ex) eel in the e encyclopedia
What is the central dogma of Biology?
DNA --> RNA---> Protein
What is genome?
a complete set of genetic information ex) encylcopedia
48 terms
Biology: Genetics, RNA, and DNA
Nucleotides
Deoxyribose, phosphate, nitrogen base
Chargaff
X Rays
DNA is made up of units called what?
DNA is made of these three things
Who created this rule?... A=T... C=G
Using what technology did they figure out that DNA was a doub…
Nucleotides
DNA is made up of units called what?
Deoxyribose, phosphate, nitrogen base
DNA is made of these three things
18 terms
Human Biology - DNA and Genetics
What does DNA stand for?
What are the three main building block…
What are the four bases?
How is DNA arranged?
Deoxyribonucleic Acid
Phosphate, Deoxyribose Sugar, one of 4 nitrogen rich bases
Adenine, Thymine, Guanine, Cytosine
In a double helix
What does DNA stand for?
Deoxyribonucleic Acid
What are the three main building block…
Phosphate, Deoxyribose Sugar, one of 4 nitrogen rich bases
84 terms
Biology Lecture 2: Genetics (DNA)
Genome
Genes
Epigenetics
Epigenome
The complete sequence of nucleotides of the genetic material.…
a series of DNA nucleotides that generally codes for the prod…
Changes in expression of a gene that changes phenotype but no…
Encompasses all the genetic changes that affect gene expressi…
Genome
The complete sequence of nucleotides of the genetic material.…
Genes
a series of DNA nucleotides that generally codes for the prod…
Biology : Genetics/DNA
DNA
DNA comes from
Zygote
Functions of DNA
Chemical language that tells a cell how to manufacture "produ…
Half of your DNA came in a sperm cell from your father and ha…
Sperm cell + Egg cell = ______________
Stores information - Stores directions for protein synthesis…
DNA
Chemical language that tells a cell how to manufacture "produ…
DNA comes from
Half of your DNA came in a sperm cell from your father and ha…
20 terms
Biology Vocabulary (DNA and Genetics)
Replication
Transcription
Homozygous
Heterozygous
the act of making copies
something written, copied from one medium to another
having identical alleles at corresponding chromosomal loci
having dissimilar alleles at corresponding chromosomal loci
Replication
the act of making copies
Transcription
something written, copied from one medium to another
AP Biology: Genetics/DNA Test
What did Griffith discover?
What was Griffith's experiment?
What did Avery, McCarty, and Macleod d…
What was Avery, McCarty, and Macleod's…
Transformation
Mouth experiment with heat killed bacteria
DNA is the transforming substance
Same as Griffith except added enzymes to digest molecules bef…
What did Griffith discover?
Transformation
What was Griffith's experiment?
Mouth experiment with heat killed bacteria
Biology: DNA and Genetics
Chromosome
Chromatid
Mitosis
Centromere
a thread in the nucleus that contains DNA
two chromosomes attached together by a centromere
cell devision where two daughter cells are produced from one…
holds chromosomes together
Chromosome
a thread in the nucleus that contains DNA
Chromatid
two chromosomes attached together by a centromere
15 terms
Biology DNA/Genetics Unit
Codon
Anticodon
tRNA
mRNA
A three nucleotide sequence on the mRNA that specifies an ami…
A three nucleotide sequence on the tRNA that is complementary…
Molecule that contains the anticodon on one end and a specifi…
Molecule that contains the information from DNA that is neede…
Codon
A three nucleotide sequence on the mRNA that specifies an ami…
Anticodon
A three nucleotide sequence on the tRNA that is complementary…
Biology DNA and Genetics
Gregor Mendel
Easy to breed, provided lots of offspr…
cut away the male parts before the flo…
masks the recessive trait
who is the "father of genetics"
why did he use pea plants to do these experiments
how did he control the pea plants experiments
dominant
Gregor Mendel
who is the "father of genetics"
Easy to breed, provided lots of offspr…
why did he use pea plants to do these experiments
29 terms
Biology DNA and genetics
Trait
Heredity
Genetics
Genes
Any characteristic passed on from parent to offspring
The passing on of traits from parents to offspring
Study of heredity
Piece of Dna that codes for a protein or trait
Trait
Any characteristic passed on from parent to offspring
Heredity
The passing on of traits from parents to offspring
30 terms
Biology ~Genetics and DNA~
Alleles
Genotype
Phenotype
Incomplete Dominance
one of two or more alternative forms of a gene and are found…
Genetic makeup of an organism.
Physical expression of of the genotype in an organism. usuall…
occurs when the phenotype of the heterozygous genotype is dis…
Alleles
one of two or more alternative forms of a gene and are found…
Genotype
Genetic makeup of an organism.
19 terms
Biology: Genetics and DNA
nucleotide
nitrogen bases
phosphate group
sugar
A building block of DNA, consisting of a five-carbon sugar co…
The chemicals that make up the rungs of the DNA ladder. A-T a…
Bonds with a sugar to form the backbone of DNA.
Bonds with phosphate to form the backbone of DNA.
nucleotide
A building block of DNA, consisting of a five-carbon sugar co…
nitrogen bases
The chemicals that make up the rungs of the DNA ladder. A-T a…
33 terms
Biology- DNA/Genetics
Chromosome
DNA
Genes
Deoxyribonucleic acid
Cell structures that carry the genetic material that is copie…
deoxyribonucleic acid, a self-replicating material present in…
DNA that controls the protein production and the cell cycle
DNA
Chromosome
Cell structures that carry the genetic material that is copie…
DNA
deoxyribonucleic acid, a self-replicating material present in…
Biology, genetics & DNA terms
Genes
Allele
Dominant
Recessive
The most basic physical unit of heredity
One of the alternative forms of a gene and characteristics
In genetics, describes an allele that is fully expressed when…
In genetics, describes an allele that is expressed only when…
Genes
The most basic physical unit of heredity
Allele
One of the alternative forms of a gene and characteristics
Biology - DNA and Genetics
allele
Homozygous dominant
Homozygous recessive
Heterozygous
one of two or more alternative forms of a gene that arise by…
When an organism is homozygous-dominant for a particular trai…
Homozygous is a word that refers to a particular gene that ha…
The genetics term heterozygous refers to a pair of genes wher…
allele
one of two or more alternative forms of a gene that arise by…
Homozygous dominant
When an organism is homozygous-dominant for a particular trai…
Biology - DNA and Genetics
Clone
DNA
What are Chromosome?
What does DNA do
an organism or cell which are genetically identical
Deoxyribonucleic acid- the molecules that contain genetic cod…
A threadlike structure of nucleic acids and protein found in…
DNA sequences must be converted into messages that can be use…
Clone
an organism or cell which are genetically identical
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid- the molecules that contain genetic cod…
53 terms
Biology: Genetics, DNA, RNA
DNA
RNA
Transcription
Translation
Deoxyribonucleic acid. Molecule that stores genetic informati…
Ribonucleic acid. Nucleic acid molecule that allows for the t…
Process of copying a nucleotide sequence of DNA to form a com…
Process by which mRNA is decoded and a protein is produced. (…
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid. Molecule that stores genetic informati…
RNA
Ribonucleic acid. Nucleic acid molecule that allows for the t…
49 terms
Ap Biology Genetics and DNA
Griffith
Avery, Mccarty and MacLeod
Hershey Chase
phage
studied pneumonia in mice ... two strains:... S- pathogenic: death…
repeated Griffith's experiments, but specific fractions of S…
genetic information of a virus or a phage, DNA enters the hos…
viruses that attack bacteria and reprogram hosts to produce m…
Griffith
studied pneumonia in mice ... two strains:... S- pathogenic: death…
Avery, Mccarty and MacLeod
repeated Griffith's experiments, but specific fractions of S…
37 terms
Biology: Genetics, RNA, and DNA
Nucleotides
Deoxyribose, phosphate, nitrogen base
Chargaff
X-Ray
DNA is made up of units called what?
DNA is made of these three things
Who created this rule?... A=T... C=G
Using what technology did they figure out that DNA was a doub…
Nucleotides
DNA is made up of units called what?
Deoxyribose, phosphate, nitrogen base
DNA is made of these three things
Biology - Genetics & DNA Review
Polygenic Inheritance
Give an example of a character that un…
What are the 4 nitrogen bases in DNA?
What pairs with Adenine?
When a trait is controlled by 2 or more genes... (Polygenic mean…
Human skin (variety in skin color comes about partly because…
Adenine, Thymine, Guanine, and Cytosine
Thymine
Polygenic Inheritance
When a trait is controlled by 2 or more genes... (Polygenic mean…
Give an example of a character that un…
Human skin (variety in skin color comes about partly because…
Genetics and DNA Biology
DNA
RNA
Amino Acids
Mitosis
your genetic material that directs all processes within a cell
stands for ribonucleic acid, which is a long, single-stranded…
what proteins are made of
the process of duplicating DNA
DNA
your genetic material that directs all processes within a cell
RNA
stands for ribonucleic acid, which is a long, single-stranded…
33 terms
Biology Test - DNA & Genetics
chromosome
DNA
genotype
phenotype
made up of strands of DNA
deoxyribonucleic acid
set of genes for a certain trait
physical appearance of the trait
chromosome
made up of strands of DNA
DNA
deoxyribonucleic acid
Biology Final Genetics/DNA
Homozygous dominant
Homozygous recessive
Heterozygous
Alleles
Organisms that have two dominant alleles
Organisms with two recessive alleles
Organisms that have two different alleles for the same gene
The different forms of a gene
Homozygous dominant
Organisms that have two dominant alleles
Homozygous recessive
Organisms with two recessive alleles
Biology: Genetics & DNA
Who is the father of genetics?
specific characteristics such as color…
Filial, filius, Filia
homozygous
Gregor Mendel
traits
Filial- offsprings, Filius- sons, Filia- Daughters
identical alleles for traits
Who is the father of genetics?
Gregor Mendel
specific characteristics such as color…
traits
Biology DNA and Genetics
DNA
Replication
Nucleotide
mRNA
Master copy of an organisms information code to form all of a…
The creating of a identical strand of DNA
Subunits of nucleic acid formed from a sugar,phosphate,and a…
RNA that transports information from DNA in the nucleus to th…
DNA
Master copy of an organisms information code to form all of a…
Replication
The creating of a identical strand of DNA
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