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Study sets matching "dna molecule"

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Study sets matching "dna molecule"

10 terms
DNA the molecule
Nucleotides
complimentary base pairs
deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)
phosphate group
the building blocks of DNA.
a pair of bases that can join to make the rungs of the DNA la…
a nucleic acid with deoxyribose sugar and phosphate as the ba…
one of the parts that make up a nucleotide.
Nucleotides
the building blocks of DNA.
complimentary base pairs
a pair of bases that can join to make the rungs of the DNA la…
16 terms
DNA molecule
Deoxyribonucleic Acid
DNA
four base molecules
complementary
DNA
is made of a chain of nucleotides that consist of sugar(deoxy…
adenine,thymine(A-T), guanine,cytosine(G-C)
when base molecules pair with one another in the DNA structur…
Deoxyribonucleic Acid
DNA
DNA
is made of a chain of nucleotides that consist of sugar(deoxy…
8 terms
DNA The molecule
Chromosomes
Complementary base pairs
Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)
Deoxyribose sugar
thread-like structures in the nucleus. Composed of DNA and Pr…
a pair of bases that can join to make the rungs of the DNA la…
a nucleic acid with deoxyribose sugar and phosphate a the bac…
one of the parts that make up a nucleotide
Chromosomes
thread-like structures in the nucleus. Composed of DNA and Pr…
Complementary base pairs
a pair of bases that can join to make the rungs of the DNA la…
8 terms
DNA the molecule
Chromosomes
Complementary base pairs
Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)
Deoxyribose sugar
thread-like structures in the nucleus. Composed of DNA and pr…
a pair of bases that can join to make the rungs of the DNA la…
a nucleic acid with deoxyribose sugar and phosphate as the ba…
one of the parts that make up a nucleotide
Chromosomes
thread-like structures in the nucleus. Composed of DNA and pr…
Complementary base pairs
a pair of bases that can join to make the rungs of the DNA la…
10 terms
DNA the molecule
DNA
RNA
nucleotide
double helix
A double-stranded, helical nucleic acid molecule capable of r…
A single-stranded nucleic acid that passes along genetic mess…
A subunit of nucleic acids formed from a simple sugar, a phos…
Double spiral; describes the three-dimensional shape of DNA
DNA
A double-stranded, helical nucleic acid molecule capable of r…
RNA
A single-stranded nucleic acid that passes along genetic mess…
6 terms
The DNA molecule
DNA structure
DNA replication (summary)
what direction does replication occur?
Leading strand
consists of 2 chains of nucleotides... double helix... phosphate gr…
replication reads 3' to 5' and replicates 5' to 3'
DNA structure
consists of 2 chains of nucleotides... double helix... phosphate gr…
DNA replication (summary)
12 terms
The DNA molecule
What letters make up the base pairs of…
What is the process of... a DNA molecule…
What are the rungs of the DNA... Molecule…
The order of base pairs along... a gene.
A pairing with T and C pairing with... G.
DNA replication
Bases
Base sequence
What letters make up the base pairs of…
A pairing with T and C pairing with... G.
What is the process of... a DNA molecule…
DNA replication
8 terms
DNA Molecule
DNA Replication
Protein Synthesis
Mutation
Regulatory Genes (Hox genes/homeobox g…
1. Enzymes break the bonds between nucleotide chains... 2. Free…
1. A gene is the entire sequence of DNA bases responsible for…
occurs when the sequence of bases in a gene are altered
1. Control the actions of other genes ... 2. homeotic genes - co…
DNA Replication
1. Enzymes break the bonds between nucleotide chains... 2. Free…
Protein Synthesis
1. A gene is the entire sequence of DNA bases responsible for…
12 terms
DNA Molecule
DNA is a polymer of
4 possible DNA Bases
sugar in DNA
nucleotide
nucleotides
Adenine, Guanine, Thymine, Cytosine
deoxyribose
sugar, a phosphate, a base
DNA is a polymer of
nucleotides
4 possible DNA Bases
Adenine, Guanine, Thymine, Cytosine
12 terms
DNA molecule
adenine, thymine, cytosine, guanine
DNA molecule
structure
Double helix
List 4 nitrogenous bases
What did scientists first think was responsible for the passi…
The ____________ of DNA enables it to transfer genetic inform…
What term describes the fact that it is coiled and twisted li…
adenine, thymine, cytosine, guanine
List 4 nitrogenous bases
DNA molecule
What did scientists first think was responsible for the passi…
16 terms
DNA Molecule
DNA monomer
What are nucleotides made of
Deoxyribose
Nitrogenous bases
Nucleotides
Sugar, phosphate, nitrogenous base
Sugar
Adenine, guanine, cytosine, thymine
DNA monomer
Nucleotides
What are nucleotides made of
Sugar, phosphate, nitrogenous base
42 terms
DNA the Molecule
Chromosomes
Complementary base pairs
Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)
Deoxyribose sugar
thread-like structures in the nucleus. Composed of DNA and pr…
a pair of bases that can join to make the rungs of the DNA la…
a nucleic acid with deoxyribose sugar and phosphate as the ba…
one of the parts that make up a nucleotide
Chromosomes
thread-like structures in the nucleus. Composed of DNA and pr…
Complementary base pairs
a pair of bases that can join to make the rungs of the DNA la…
16 terms
DNA molecule
1
2
3
4
Deoxyribose
Phosphate
Adenine
Thymine
1
Deoxyribose
2
Phosphate
10 terms
DNA Molecule
what does the s stand for?
what does the p stand for?
what does the a stand for?
what does the t stand for?
sugar
phosphate
adenine
thymine
what does the s stand for?
sugar
what does the p stand for?
phosphate
20 terms
DNA -- the molecule
DNA
Where is DNA located?
What shape is a DNA molecule?
What are the 4 nucleotides that make u…
deoxyribonucleic acid
In the nucleus and mitochondria of cells
- double helix (twisting ladder)... - sides are a sugar phosphat…
- A (adenine)... - T (thymine)... - G (guanine)... - C (cytosine)
DNA
deoxyribonucleic acid
Where is DNA located?
In the nucleus and mitochondria of cells
DNA: The Molecule
What are DNA and RNA?
What sugar does DNA have?
What sugar does RNA have?
How does DNA pair bases?
nucleic acids made up of nucleotides
simple sugar deoxyribose
simple sugar ribose
A-T & G-C
What are DNA and RNA?
nucleic acids made up of nucleotides
What sugar does DNA have?
simple sugar deoxyribose
19 terms
DNA The Master Molecule
Amino acid
Codon
Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA)
Deoxyribose
the subunits that are chemically bonded together in proteins.
A code word of messenger RNA that represents an amino acid
A long molecule shaped like a twisted ladder(double helix). T…
The sugar part of a DNA nucleotide subunit.
Amino acid
the subunits that are chemically bonded together in proteins.
Codon
A code word of messenger RNA that represents an amino acid
9 terms
DNA molecules
DNA
Nucleotide
Nitrogenous Bases
DNA Sequence code
-Genetic material inside of the nucleus which contains the tr…
-Building blocks of DNA and RNA... Made up of 3 parts:... 1. Phosph…
A=Adenine... T= Thymine... C= Cytosine ... G= Guanine... 4 bases match up…
-Sequence of bases in DNA that code for amino acids:... A T C G…
DNA
-Genetic material inside of the nucleus which contains the tr…
Nucleotide
-Building blocks of DNA and RNA... Made up of 3 parts:... 1. Phosph…
15 terms
DNA Molecules
DNA
section
nucleus
Crick
Deoxyribonucleic Acid
A gene is a __________ of DNA
Where are the chromosomes located in the cell?
The two scientists that established the structure of DNA were…
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic Acid
section
A gene is a __________ of DNA
16 terms
DNA Molecules
DNA
Parts of a DNA molecule
James Watson and Francis Crick
Rosalind Franklin
Deoxyribonucleic Acid
-dioxide Ribose... -Nitrogen base... -phosphate
Built a model explaining the structure of DNA
Discovered the double-helix structure of DNA.
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic Acid
Parts of a DNA molecule
-dioxide Ribose... -Nitrogen base... -phosphate
15 terms
DNA molecules
a chain of nucleotides
phosphate group; deoxyribose; nitrogen…
adenine; guanine; thymine; cytosine
thymine and cytosine
What is DNA?
What is each nucleotide complex 3 subunits?
What are the four possible nitrogen bases?
Which nitrogen bases are pyrimidines?
a chain of nucleotides
What is DNA?
phosphate group; deoxyribose; nitrogen…
What is each nucleotide complex 3 subunits?
10 terms
A. DNA: The Molecule of Heredity
Hershey & Chase
Chargaff
Watson & Crick
Rosalind Franklin
genetic material is DNA and not protein
Found that the same four bases are found in the DNA of all or…
developed an accurate model of DNA's three-dimensional struct…
produced x-ray photographs of DNA that indicated it was a helix
Hershey & Chase
genetic material is DNA and not protein
Chargaff
Found that the same four bases are found in the DNA of all or…
20 terms
DNA Molecule & Replication
Messenger RNA (mRNA)
Ribosomal RNA (rRNA)
Transfer RNA (tRNA)
Nucleotides
makes copy of DNA strand and brings it to the cytoplasm
makes up ribosomes (along with proteins)
transfers amino acids to ribosomes during translation
building block (monomer) of a DNA molecule
Messenger RNA (mRNA)
makes copy of DNA strand and brings it to the cytoplasm
Ribosomal RNA (rRNA)
makes up ribosomes (along with proteins)
16 terms
DNA molecule and replication
phosphate
deoxyribose sugar
nitrogenous base
nucleotide
磷酸盐
脱氧核糖
含氮碱基(嘌呤,嘧啶等)
核苷酸
phosphate
磷酸盐
deoxyribose sugar
脱氧核糖
50 terms
Genetics: The DNA molecule
The genetic materials must be capable…
Why was the discovery of the structure…
Can an extract from dead bacterial cel…
in the experiment of Avery, MacLeod an…
phenotype
To know how it was encoded and expresed
yes, heat-killed virulent bacteria genetically transformed th…
They added DNase to the substance which destroyed DNA and the…
The genetic materials must be capable…
phenotype
Why was the discovery of the structure…
To know how it was encoded and expresed
11 terms
DNA: The Molecule of Heredity
Nuceotide
Nitrogenous Base
Double Helix
DNA Replication
Sub unit of a nucleic acid formed from a simple sugar, a phos…
A carbon ring structure that contains one or more atoms of ni…
The shape of a DNA molecule formed when two twisted DNA stran…
The process of chromosomes being copied.
Nuceotide
Sub unit of a nucleic acid formed from a simple sugar, a phos…
Nitrogenous Base
A carbon ring structure that contains one or more atoms of ni…
17 terms
BIOL8430 - DNA Molecule
Genetic material possesses what key ch…
Who discovered a chemical contained in…
Who discovered that DNA was made of li…
Who discovered the transforming princi…
1. Genetic material has to contain complex information.... 2. Ge…
Miescher
Levene
Griffith
Genetic material possesses what key ch…
1. Genetic material has to contain complex information.... 2. Ge…
Who discovered a chemical contained in…
Miescher
30 terms
DNA: The Master Molecule of Life
adenine
amino Acid
anticodon
chromatin
the "A" of the genetic code alphabet
subunits of proteins; their order determines the protein type
three letter word of a transfer RNA that corresponds to the a…
tangled, thread-like coils of chromosomes; contains DNA plus…
adenine
the "A" of the genetic code alphabet
amino Acid
subunits of proteins; their order determines the protein type
18 terms
DNA... the molecule of life
1865
1902
How does science work?
1950
Mendel's laws of inheritance (he presented his low to the NSS…
Sutton states that Mendel's "factors" are on the chromosomes;…
There are thousands of people who work together to come to a…
Chargaff finds adenine=thymine and cytosine=guanine. He didn'…
1865
Mendel's laws of inheritance (he presented his low to the NSS…
1902
Sutton states that Mendel's "factors" are on the chromosomes;…
19 terms
DNA: The Molecule of Heredity
the double helix
dna function
components of dna
purines
two strands form a ladder structure that is twisted
carry genetic information in the form of a code for making pr…
-nitrogen containing base... -phosphate group... -sugar deoxyribose
-double ringed ... -adenine and guanine
the double helix
two strands form a ladder structure that is twisted
dna function
carry genetic information in the form of a code for making pr…
26 terms
DNA: The Molecule of Heredity
Heredity
how?
DNA=
chromatin
passing on of characteristics from parents to offspring
DNA
Blueprint of life
uncoiled DNA
Heredity
passing on of characteristics from parents to offspring
how?
DNA
CHAPTER 12 DNA molecule
In the structure of DNA you have nucle…
Replication - Complementary nucleotide…
RNA - Workers... DNA - Holders
TTTGGCCAAATAATATAG
Describe the structure of DNA, and include in the description…
Compare and contrast the following processes, replication, tr…
RNA ARE THE ____________________ The DNA are the ____________…
Find the complementary sequence of DNA to this DNA strand:... A…
In the structure of DNA you have nucle…
Describe the structure of DNA, and include in the description…
Replication - Complementary nucleotide…
Compare and contrast the following processes, replication, tr…
8 terms
DNA Molecule Vocab
DNA Helicase
Single Strand Binding Protiens
DNA Primase
DNA Polymerase
1. Unwinds and separates the strands of DNA double helix... 2. b…
Holds apart hydrogen bonds once they are broken
1. Starts only on the 3-prime end... 2. it catalyze a the synthe…
Starts only on the 3-prime end... 1. Initiates the synthesis wit…
DNA Helicase
1. Unwinds and separates the strands of DNA double helix... 2. b…
Single Strand Binding Protiens
Holds apart hydrogen bonds once they are broken
12 terms
dna molecule terminology
double helix
DNA polymerase
semiconservative replication
RNA
twisted ladder shape of DNA formed by two nucleotide strands…
enzyme that catalyses synthesis of new DNA molecules
method of DNA replication in which parental strands seperate…
ribonucleic acid guides protein synthesis
double helix
twisted ladder shape of DNA formed by two nucleotide strands…
DNA polymerase
enzyme that catalyses synthesis of new DNA molecules
81 terms
DNA: The Molecules of Life
DNA
chromatid
Fredrich Miescher - 1869
Oswald Avery- 1944
What is this molecule called?
2 identical copies of a chromosome
This scientist named nuclein as DNA.
This scientist proved that DNA carries the cells genetic inst…
DNA
What is this molecule called?
chromatid
2 identical copies of a chromosome
38 terms
DNA: The Information Molecule
Edwin Chargaff found 4 DNA bases
Chargaff's Rule
Race to Discover the shape of DNA
Watson and Crick win the Nobel prize
Adenine (A)... Guanine (G)... Thymine (T)... Cytosine (C)
A=T and that amounts of G=C
- Rosalind Franklin -- Helical molecule... - Watson and Crick --…
Double helix -- Two sides running in opposite directions
Edwin Chargaff found 4 DNA bases
Adenine (A)... Guanine (G)... Thymine (T)... Cytosine (C)
Chargaff's Rule
A=T and that amounts of G=C
15 terms
biology:DNA molecule
deoxyribonucleic acid
amino acids
adenine and guanine
protein synthesis
DNA the genetic code
building blocks of protein molecules
purine nitrogen bases
making proteins chemically
deoxyribonucleic acid
DNA the genetic code
amino acids
building blocks of protein molecules
52 terms
DNA Molecule and Replication
Transcription
RNA molecule
Translation
tRNA
Process by which genetic instructions in a gene are 'rewritte…
Transcription is the process by which genetic info encoded in…
The making of protein from RNA
During the process of translation, ____ matches a nucleic aci…
Transcription
Process by which genetic instructions in a gene are 'rewritte…
RNA molecule
Transcription is the process by which genetic info encoded in…
7 terms
Bio DNA molecule sheet
DNA is composed of subunits called...
Parts of a necleotide
Purines
Pyrimadine
Primes
Sugar + phosphate + base
A + G
T + C
DNA is composed of subunits called...
Primes
Parts of a necleotide
Sugar + phosphate + base
9 terms
DNA Molecule Of Heridity
DNA repliction
Messenger RNA
RNA
Transcriptions
DNA copies itself
A single-stranded RNA molecule that carries the instructions…
A type of nucleic acid consisting of nucleotide monomers with…
Process in which part of the nucleotide sequence of DNA is co…
DNA repliction
DNA copies itself
Messenger RNA
A single-stranded RNA molecule that carries the instructions…
18 terms
DNA Inheritance Molecule
pangenesis
pangenes
revolves around parents with missing b…
Aton van Leeuwenhoek
hippocrates theory of DNA inheritance; pangenes gather in the…
small particles of unknown composition
what is the problem with pangenesis?
he observed the homunculus in human sperm cells; followers we…
pangenesis
hippocrates theory of DNA inheritance; pangenes gather in the…
pangenes
small particles of unknown composition
8 terms
DNA molecule vocav
DNA helicase
Single strand binding proteins
DNA Primase
DNA polymerase
Unwinds and seperates the helix. Breaks hydrogen bonds
Hold apart hydrogen bonds
Adds primer and creates 3 prime end catalyses
Adds new nucleotides to existing strand of DNA- proof reads -…
DNA helicase
Unwinds and seperates the helix. Breaks hydrogen bonds
Single strand binding proteins
Hold apart hydrogen bonds
23 terms
DNA The Molecule of Hereditary
DNA
DNA
DNA
Nucleotide
what chromosomes and genes are made of
made up of repeating nucleotide subunits
deoxyribose nucleic acid
Phosphate group - Deoxyribose Sugar - Nitrogen Base
DNA
what chromosomes and genes are made of
DNA
made up of repeating nucleotide subunits
16 terms
Structure of DNA Molecule
The monomer for DNA is...
Nitrogenous bases are...
Other components of DNA are...
DNA molecule has ____ sides ( ______ s…
a nucleotide
adenine, thymine, cytosine, guanine
-5carbon deoxyribose sugar... -phosphate group (PO4)
2; double
The monomer for DNA is...
a nucleotide
Nitrogenous bases are...
adenine, thymine, cytosine, guanine
14 terms
DNA: Molecule of Heredity Vocab
DNA replication
Double helix
Nitrogenous base
Codon
Process in which the DNA in the chromosomes is copied
Shape of DNA molecule consisting of 2 strands of nucleotides…
Carbon ring structure found in DNA molecules that contains 1…
Group of 3 nitrogenous bases in mRNA that code for 1 amino acid
DNA replication
Process in which the DNA in the chromosomes is copied
Double helix
Shape of DNA molecule consisting of 2 strands of nucleotides…
9 terms
DNA: The Molecule of Heredity
Double Helix
DNA Replication
Nitrogenous Base
Messenger RNA
shape of a DNA molecule formed when two twisted DNA strands a…
process in which chromosomal DNA is copied before mitosis or…
carbon ring structure found in DNA or RNA that contains one o…
RNA that transports information from DNA in the nucleus to th…
Double Helix
shape of a DNA molecule formed when two twisted DNA strands a…
DNA Replication
process in which chromosomal DNA is copied before mitosis or…
60 terms
AP Biology (DNA: The Molecule)
DNA
Nucleic Acids
RNA
Nucleotides
Controls which proteins are made, some of them are enzymes, b…
I.E. DNA and RNA
Uses ribose... Pairs bases as A-U, G-C (adenine bonds with uraci…
Made up of a phosphate group, a simple sugar, and a nitrogen…
DNA
Controls which proteins are made, some of them are enzymes, b…
Nucleic Acids
I.E. DNA and RNA
64 terms
DNA: The Molecule of Life
acid
adenine
alkali
antiparallel
a substance that releases hydrogen (H+) ions in water. Acidic…
one of four nitrogenous bases found in DNA. Adenine forms bas…
also known as a base, a substance that releases hydroxide (OH…
when used in reference to DNA, antiparallel refers to the ori…
acid
a substance that releases hydrogen (H+) ions in water. Acidic…
adenine
one of four nitrogenous bases found in DNA. Adenine forms bas…
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