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Study sets matching "dna rna protein"

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Study sets matching "dna rna protein"

24 terms
DNA/RNA & Protein Synthesis
nucleotide
amino acid
nitrogenous base
hydrogen bond
made of a phosphate group, a 5 carbon sugar, and a nitrogenou…
a compound with an amino group on one end and a carboxyl grou…
adenine, cytosine, guanine, and thymine
a weak attraction between a hydrogen atom and another atom
nucleotide
made of a phosphate group, a 5 carbon sugar, and a nitrogenou…
amino acid
a compound with an amino group on one end and a carboxyl grou…
34 terms
DNA/RNA Protein Synthesis
DNA
Roselyn Franklin
James Watson/Francis Crick
Nucleotide
Deoxyribonucleic acid is the hereditary material in humans an…
studied the DNA molecule using a technique called X-ray diffr…
developed the double-helix model of the structure of DNA.
made up of a sugar, a phosphate group, and a nitrogenous base.
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid is the hereditary material in humans an…
Roselyn Franklin
studied the DNA molecule using a technique called X-ray diffr…
37 terms
DNA, RNA, Protein Synthesis
What sugar is found in DNA?
What sugar is found RNA?
What is the arrangement of DNA propose…
What enzyme unzips DNA before replicat…
Deoxyribose
Ribose
Double Helix
DNA Helicase
What sugar is found in DNA?
Deoxyribose
What sugar is found RNA?
Ribose
33 terms
DNA --> RNA --> Protein
DNA
DNA
RNA
RNA
deoxyribonucleic acid
a long linear polymer found in the nucleus of a cell, formed…
ribonucleic acid
a single-stranded nucleic acid consisting of a phosphate grou…
DNA
deoxyribonucleic acid
DNA
a long linear polymer found in the nucleus of a cell, formed…
24 terms
DNA, RNA, and Protein Synthesis
Complementary Base Pair
Chromosome
Gene
Genome
the nucleotide bases in one strand of DNA or RNA that are pai…
Any of several threadlike structure within the nucleus that c…
A sequence of DNA that codes for a single protein and therefo…
The complete genetic material of an organism.
Complementary Base Pair
the nucleotide bases in one strand of DNA or RNA that are pai…
Chromosome
Any of several threadlike structure within the nucleus that c…
24 terms
DNA, RNA, and Protein Synthesis
Complementary Base Pair
Chromosome
Gene
Genome
the nucleotide bases in one strand of DNA or RNA that are pai…
Any of several threadlike structure within the nucleus that c…
A sequence of DNA that codes for a single protein and therefo…
The complete genetic material of an organism.
Complementary Base Pair
the nucleotide bases in one strand of DNA or RNA that are pai…
Chromosome
Any of several threadlike structure within the nucleus that c…
8 terms
DNA, RNA, and protein synthesis
The sugar in DNA is
What are the three components of a nuc…
Is this structure DNA or RNA?
What process is shown in the diagram?
deoxyribose
sugar, phosphate, and nitrogenous base
DNA
Transcription.
The sugar in DNA is
deoxyribose
What are the three components of a nuc…
sugar, phosphate, and nitrogenous base
29 terms
6 - DNA/RNA Protein Synthesis
DNA
Roselyn Franklin
James Watson/Francis Crick
Nucleotide
Deoxyribonucleic acid is the hereditary material in humans an…
studied the DNA molecule using a technique called X-ray diffr…
developed the double-helix model of the structure of DNA.
made up of a sugar, a phosphate group, and a nitrogenous base.
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid is the hereditary material in humans an…
Roselyn Franklin
studied the DNA molecule using a technique called X-ray diffr…
23 terms
DNA/RNA and protein synthesis
DNA
Deoxyribose
Double Helix
Nucleotides
Deoxyribonulcleic acid
Sugar in DNA
Shape and structure of DNA
Building block of DNA and RNA. Made of a phosphate group, sug…
DNA
Deoxyribonulcleic acid
Deoxyribose
Sugar in DNA
40 terms
DNA, RNA, Protein
Shape of the DNA?
Scientists credited with establishing…
Molecules of DNA are composed of long…
What are pyrimidines?
Double Helix
Watson and Crick
Nucleotides
thymine and cytosine
Shape of the DNA?
Double Helix
Scientists credited with establishing…
Watson and Crick
20 terms
DNA/RNA & Protein Synthesis
DNA
James Watson/Francis Crick
Nucleotide
Chargaff's Rule
Deoxyribonucleic acid is the hereditary material in humans an…
developed the double-helix model of the structure of DNA.
made up of a sugar, a phosphate group, and a nitrogenous base.
%Adensine=%Thymine and %Cytosine=%Guanine
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid is the hereditary material in humans an…
James Watson/Francis Crick
developed the double-helix model of the structure of DNA.
37 terms
DNA, RNA, Protein Synthesis
What sugar is found in DNA?
What sugar is found RNA?
What is the arrangement of DNA propose…
What enzyme unzips DNA before replicat…
Deoxyribose
Ribose
Double Helix
DNA Helicase
What sugar is found in DNA?
Deoxyribose
What sugar is found RNA?
Ribose
28 terms
DNA, RNA, and Protein Synthesis
Frederick Griffith
Hershey & Chase
Rosalind Franklin
Watson & Crick
harmless live bacteria mixed with heat-killed infectious bact…
Used radioactive isotopes to label viruses
Used X-Ray Crystallography to discover shape of DNA. Never cr…
Credited with discovering structure of DNA
Frederick Griffith
harmless live bacteria mixed with heat-killed infectious bact…
Hershey & Chase
Used radioactive isotopes to label viruses
34 terms
DNA, RNA, Protein Synthesis
What sugar is found in DNA?
What sugar is found RNA?
What is the arrangement of DNA propose…
What enzyme unzips DNA before replicat…
Deoxyribose
Ribose
Double Helix
DNA Helicase
What sugar is found in DNA?
Deoxyribose
What sugar is found RNA?
Ribose
10 terms
DNA, RNA, Protein
RNA
messenger RNA
ribosomal rna
transfer rna
is a nucleic acid
long strands of RNA nucleotides that direct ribosomes to make…
molecules that make up part of the ribosomes
molecules transport amino acids to the ribosomes
RNA
is a nucleic acid
messenger RNA
long strands of RNA nucleotides that direct ribosomes to make…
17 terms
DNA, RNA, & Protein Synthesis
DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid)
double helix
nucleotide
deoxyribose
contain the sugar deoxyribose, has bases adenine, thymine, gu…
shape of a DNA molecule formed when two twisted DNA strands a…
"A building block of DNA and RNA, consisting of a nitrogenous…
sugar in DNA
DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid)
contain the sugar deoxyribose, has bases adenine, thymine, gu…
double helix
shape of a DNA molecule formed when two twisted DNA strands a…
24 terms
Chapter 8: DNA/RNA/Protein
bacteriophage
nucleotide
double helix
base pairing rules
A virus that infects bacteria
A subunit (monomer) of nucleic acids like DNA and RNA. Compos…
The form of native DNA, referring to its two adjacent polynuc…
the rules stating that cytosine pairs with guanine and adenin…
bacteriophage
A virus that infects bacteria
nucleotide
A subunit (monomer) of nucleic acids like DNA and RNA. Compos…
12 terms
DNA and RNA; RNA and protein synthesis
genes
messenger RNA
ribosomal RNA
transfer RNA
a sequence of DNA that encodes for the production of a protein
RNA that carries copies of instructions for assembling amino…
RNA that makes up ribosomes and read the mRNA to assemble pro…
RNA fetch the correct amino acid and attach them to growing p…
genes
a sequence of DNA that encodes for the production of a protein
messenger RNA
RNA that carries copies of instructions for assembling amino…
20 terms
DNA/RNA Protein Synthesis
DNA
Roselyn Franklin
James Watson/Francis Crick
Nucleotide
Deoxyribonucleic acid is the hereditary material in humans an…
studied the DNA molecule using a technique called X-ray diffr…
developed the double-helix model of the structure of DNA.
made up of a sugar, a phosphate group, and a nitrogenous base.
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid is the hereditary material in humans an…
Roselyn Franklin
studied the DNA molecule using a technique called X-ray diffr…
13 terms
DNA/RNA/Protein Synthesis
DNA
nucleotide
DNA replication
RNA
A double helix held together by hydrogen bonds between the ba…
A building block of DNA, consisting of a five-carbon sugar co…
the process of making a copy of DNA
A single-stranded nucleic acid that passes along genetic mess…
DNA
A double helix held together by hydrogen bonds between the ba…
nucleotide
A building block of DNA, consisting of a five-carbon sugar co…
39 terms
DNA, RNA, and Protein
nucleotide
deoxyribose
nitrogenous base
purines
in a nucleic-acid chain, a subunit that consists of a sugar,…
a five-carbon sugar that is a component of DNA molecules
Contains nitrogen and carbon atoms and is a base; adenine, gu…
Nitrogen bases that have a double ring of carbon and nitrogen…
nucleotide
in a nucleic-acid chain, a subunit that consists of a sugar,…
deoxyribose
a five-carbon sugar that is a component of DNA molecules
12 terms
DNA/RNA Protein Synthesis
DNA
Nucleotide
Chargaff's Rule
Double Helix
Deoxyribonucleic acid is the hereditary material in humans an…
made up of a 5-carbon sugar, a phosphate group, and a nitroge…
Adensine=Thymine and Cytosine=Guanine
The shape of DNA consists of two strands of polynucleotide ch…
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid is the hereditary material in humans an…
Nucleotide
made up of a 5-carbon sugar, a phosphate group, and a nitroge…
26 terms
DNA-RNA-Protein Synthesis
DNA
RNA
Nucleotide
Deoxyribose
Deoxyribonucleic Acid
Ribonucleic Acid
Monomer of nucleic acid : made of 1) sugar 2) phosphate group…
Sugar in a molecule of DNA
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic Acid
RNA
Ribonucleic Acid
17 terms
DNA/RNA/Protein synthesis
DNA
Watson and Crick
nucleotide
difference between RNA and DNA
deoxyribonucleic acid, found in nucleus, genetic material, do…
scientists who discovered DNA in 1950's
one working unit of DNA; made up of three parts: phosphate, s…
type of sugar that it is made of... DNA - deoxyribose RNA - ribo…
DNA
deoxyribonucleic acid, found in nucleus, genetic material, do…
Watson and Crick
scientists who discovered DNA in 1950's
39 terms
DNA/RNA Protein Synthesis
DNA
Roselyn Franklin
James Watson/Francis Crick
Nucleotide
Deoxyribonucleic acid is the hereditary material in humans an…
studied the DNA molecule using a technique called X-ray diffr…
developed the double-helix model of the structure of DNA.
made up of a sugar, a phosphate group, and a nitrogenous base.
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid is the hereditary material in humans an…
Roselyn Franklin
studied the DNA molecule using a technique called X-ray diffr…
25 terms
DNA/RNA Protein Synthesis
DNA
Nucleotide
Chargaff's Rule
Double Helix
Deoxyribonucleic acid is the hereditary material in humans an…
made up of a 5-carbon sugar, a phosphate group, and a nitroge…
Adensine=Thymine and Cytosine=Guanine
The shape of DNA consists of two strands of polynucleotide ch…
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid is the hereditary material in humans an…
Nucleotide
made up of a 5-carbon sugar, a phosphate group, and a nitroge…
34 terms
DNA/RNA Protein Synthesis
DNA
Roselyn Franklin
James Watson/Francis Crick
Nucleotide
Deoxyribonucleic acid is the hereditary material in humans an…
studied the DNA molecule using a technique called X-ray diffr…
developed the double-helix model of the structure of DNA.
made up of a sugar, a phosphate group, and a nitrogenous base.
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid is the hereditary material in humans an…
Roselyn Franklin
studied the DNA molecule using a technique called X-ray diffr…
34 terms
DNA/RNA Protein Synthesis
DNA
Roselyn Franklin
James Watson/Francis Crick
Nucleotide
Deoxyribonucleic acid is the hereditary material in humans an…
studied the DNA molecule using a technique called X-ray diffr…
developed the double-helix model of the structure of DNA.
made up of a 5-carbon sugar, a phosphate group, and a nitroge…
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid is the hereditary material in humans an…
Roselyn Franklin
studied the DNA molecule using a technique called X-ray diffr…
17 terms
DNA/RNA Protein Synthesis
DNA
Roselyn Franklin
James Watson/Francis Crick
Nucleotide
Deoxyribonucleic acid is the hereditary material in humans an…
studied the DNA molecule using a technique called X-ray diffr…
developed the double-helix model of the structure of DNA.
made up of a 5-carbon sugar, a phosphate group, and a nitroge…
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid is the hereditary material in humans an…
Roselyn Franklin
studied the DNA molecule using a technique called X-ray diffr…
16 terms
RNA,DNA, and protein synthesis
A sequence of three bases of a tRNA mo…
codon
deoxyribose
nucleotides
Anticodon
a specific sequence of three adjacent bases on a strand of DN…
A 5 carbon monosaccharide formed from reduction of ribose. Th…
Basic units of DNA molecule, composed of a sugar, a phosphate…
A sequence of three bases of a tRNA mo…
Anticodon
codon
a specific sequence of three adjacent bases on a strand of DN…
30 terms
DNA/RNA Protein Synthesis
DNA
Rosalind Franklin
James Watson/Francis Crick
Nucleotide
Deoxyribonucleic acid is the hereditary material in humans an…
studied the DNA molecule using a technique called X-ray diffr…
developed the double-helix model of the structure of DNA.
made up of a sugar, a phosphate group, and a nitrogenous base.
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid is the hereditary material in humans an…
Rosalind Franklin
studied the DNA molecule using a technique called X-ray diffr…
41 terms
Protein Synthesis, DNA, and RNA
Transcription
Transcription occurs in the _________.
Helicase
Polymerase
During this process, mRNA is created based upon the nitrogen-…
Nucleus
Enzyme that breaks the hydrogen bonds between the nitrogen ba…
Adds complementary RNA bases.
Transcription
During this process, mRNA is created based upon the nitrogen-…
Transcription occurs in the _________.
Nucleus
29 terms
DNA, RNA and Protein Synthesis
Deoxyribonucleic Acid
Gene regulation
Nucleotide
Nitrogen bases
A nucleic acid that controls genetic information in a living…
Genes turn "on" or "off" depending on the function of a cell.…
The monomer of nucleic acids (either DNA or RNA. ... Composed o…
The "rungs" or steps of DNA/RNA. ... Sugar bonds to the nitroge…
Deoxyribonucleic Acid
A nucleic acid that controls genetic information in a living…
Gene regulation
Genes turn "on" or "off" depending on the function of a cell.…
14 terms
DNA, RNA, & Protein Synthesis
DNA
RNA
Protein
Amino Acids
A doubled-stranded nucleic acid found in the nucleus of all l…
A single-stranded nucleic acid that passes along genetic mess…
A molecule that is made up of amino acids. These molecules bu…
Small units that are linked together chemically to form large…
DNA
A doubled-stranded nucleic acid found in the nucleus of all l…
RNA
A single-stranded nucleic acid that passes along genetic mess…
40 terms
DNA, RNA and Protein Synthesis
BUILDING BLOCKS OF NUCLEIC ACIDS......…
Small segments of DNA that form on the…
Proteins that bind with the core enzym…
______ enzymes catalyzes the attachmen…
Nucleotide
Okazaki fragments
Sigma factor
Aminoacyl-t-RNA-synthetase
BUILDING BLOCKS OF NUCLEIC ACIDS......…
Nucleotide
Small segments of DNA that form on the…
Okazaki fragments
21 terms
DNA/RNA Protein Synthesis
Point Mutation
Substitution
Insertion
Deletion
A mutation that affects a single nucleotide, usually by subst…
A type of point mutation in which a single nucleotide is subs…
A type of point mutation where extra base pairs may be added…
A type of point mutation where extra base pairs may be remove…
Point Mutation
A mutation that affects a single nucleotide, usually by subst…
Substitution
A type of point mutation in which a single nucleotide is subs…
34 terms
DNA/RNA Protein Synthesis
DNA
Roselyn Franklin
James Watson/Francis Crick
Nucleotide
Deoxyribonucleic acid is the hereditary material in humans an…
studied the DNA molecule using a technique called X-ray diffr…
developed the double-helix model of the structure of DNA.
made up of a sugar, a phosphate group, and a nitrogenous base.
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid is the hereditary material in humans an…
Roselyn Franklin
studied the DNA molecule using a technique called X-ray diffr…
20 terms
DNA, RNA, and Protein Synthesis
nucleotide
base pairing
hydrogen bond
chromatin
A building block of DNA, consisting of a five-carbon sugar co…
principle that bonds in DNA can form only between adenine and…
a weak bond between pairs of nitrogenous bases that holds the…
The complex of DNA and proteins that makes up eukaryotic chro…
nucleotide
A building block of DNA, consisting of a five-carbon sugar co…
base pairing
principle that bonds in DNA can form only between adenine and…
24 terms
DNA, RNA, and Protein Synthesis
Complementary Base Pair
Chromosome
Gene
Genome
the nucleotide bases in one strand of DNA or RNA that are pai…
Any of several threadlike structure within the nucleus that c…
A sequence of DNA that codes for a single protein and therefo…
The complete genetic material of an organism.
Complementary Base Pair
the nucleotide bases in one strand of DNA or RNA that are pai…
Chromosome
Any of several threadlike structure within the nucleus that c…
20 terms
DNA, RNA & Protein Synthesis
to make "create"
the monomer of a protein, 20 of them
deoxyribonucleic acid
ribonucleic acid
Synthesis
amino acid
DNA
RNA
to make "create"
Synthesis
the monomer of a protein, 20 of them
amino acid
DNA/RNA and protein synthesis
DNA
Deoxyribose
Double Helix
Nucleotides
Deoxyribonulcleic acid
Sugar in DNA
Shape and structure of DNA
Building block of DNA and RNA. Made of a phosphate group, sug…
DNA
Deoxyribonulcleic acid
Deoxyribose
Sugar in DNA
33 terms
DNA/RNA Protein Synthesis
DNA
Roselyn Franklin
James Watson/Francis Crick
Nucleotide
Deoxyribonucleic acid is the hereditary material in humans an…
studied the DNA molecule using a technique called X-ray diffr…
developed the double-helix model of the structure of DNA.
made up of a 5-carbon sugar, a phosphate group, and a nitroge…
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid is the hereditary material in humans an…
Roselyn Franklin
studied the DNA molecule using a technique called X-ray diffr…
22 terms
DNA, RNA, and Protein Synthesis
Complementary Base Pair
Chromosome
Gene
Genome
the nucleotide bases in one strand of DNA or RNA that are pai…
Any of several threadlike structure within the nucleus that c…
A sequence of DNA that codes for a single protein and therefo…
The complete genetic material of an organism.
Complementary Base Pair
the nucleotide bases in one strand of DNA or RNA that are pai…
Chromosome
Any of several threadlike structure within the nucleus that c…
25 terms
DNA, RNA, and Protein Synthesis
Complementary Base Pair
Chromosome
Gene
Genome
the nucleotide bases in one strand of DNA or RNA that are pai…
Any of several threadlike structure within the nucleus that c…
A sequence of DNA that codes for a single protein and therefo…
The complete genetic material of an organism.
Complementary Base Pair
the nucleotide bases in one strand of DNA or RNA that are pai…
Chromosome
Any of several threadlike structure within the nucleus that c…
28 terms
DNA, RNA and Protein Synthesis
Virulent
Bacteriophage
Nitrogenous base
Complementary
disease causing
A virus that infects bacteria
part of a nucleotide; cytosine, guanine, adenine, thymine (DN…
Capable of precise base-pairing with one another by matching…
Virulent
disease causing
Bacteriophage
A virus that infects bacteria
17 terms
DNA, RNA, and Protein Synthesis
Nucleus
Ribosome
DNA
Transcription
Part of the cell containing DNA ;Controls all of the cell's a…
Part of the cell on which proteins are assembled (made); made…
Nucleic acid that contains the sugar deoxyribose; does NOT le…
Process where DNA is copied and made into mRNA
Nucleus
Part of the cell containing DNA ;Controls all of the cell's a…
Ribosome
Part of the cell on which proteins are assembled (made); made…
16 terms
DNA, RNA and Protein Synthesis
Transformation
Bacteriophage
Base Pairing
Replication
Process in which one strain of bacteria is changed by a gene…
A kind of virus that infects bacteria.
Principle that bonds in DNA can form only between adenine and…
Process through which a cell duplicates its DNA in a copying…
Transformation
Process in which one strain of bacteria is changed by a gene…
Bacteriophage
A kind of virus that infects bacteria.
15 terms
DNA & RNA and Protein Synthesis
DNA
Double Helix
RNA
Types of RNA
Deoxyribonucleic Acid. The double helix (spiral staircase) sh…
A spiral staircase shape that represents the structure of DNA.
Ribonucleic Acid. The single stranded molecule that copies a…
mRNA: Messenger RNA. This molecule carries the instructions f…
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic Acid. The double helix (spiral staircase) sh…
Double Helix
A spiral staircase shape that represents the structure of DNA.
36 terms
DNA, RNA and Protein Synthesis
Levene
Griffith
Avery, McCarty, MacLeod
Chargaff
Discovered nucleotides, ribose and deoxyribose
Mice and pneumonia experiment. Determined that there is a tra…
Mice and pneumonia followup experiment. Determined that DNA i…
Paper chromatography experiment. Determined that the amount o…
Levene
Discovered nucleotides, ribose and deoxyribose
Griffith
Mice and pneumonia experiment. Determined that there is a tra…
26 terms
DNA, RNA, and Protein Synthesis
Complementary Base Pair
Gene
Genome
Nucleic Acids
the nucleotide bases in one strand of DNA or RNA that are pai…
A sequence of DNA that codes for a single protein and therefo…
The complete genetic material of an organism.
A long chain of nucleotides; Macromolecules containing hydrog…
Complementary Base Pair
the nucleotide bases in one strand of DNA or RNA that are pai…
Gene
A sequence of DNA that codes for a single protein and therefo…
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