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Study sets matching "dosage routes"

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Study sets matching "dosage routes"

58 terms
DOSAGE FORMULATIONS & ROUTES OF ADMINISTRATION
synthetic
semisynthetic
synthesized
oleaginous
drugs that are not naturally occurring; produced in a laborat…
a naturally occurring compound that has been chemically altered
produced in a laboratory to imitate a naturally occurring com…
containing oil; having oil-like properties
synthetic
drugs that are not naturally occurring; produced in a laborat…
semisynthetic
a naturally occurring compound that has been chemically altered
13 terms
Routes and Dosages
The most common route of administration
3 Advantages of Solid Meds
3 Disadvantages of Solid Meds
Name 5 tablets
Oral Admistration
Easy Packaging, Low Cost, Easy to Swallow
Patient Unconsions, Slow Reactions, Patient/ Children
Norvasc, Xanax, Amoxicillin, Zolft, Zocor
The most common route of administration
Oral Admistration
3 Advantages of Solid Meds
Easy Packaging, Low Cost, Easy to Swallow
50 terms
Routes and Dosages
Xanax
Elavil
Gablofen
Viagra
R: Oral... D: tablet, ODT: 0.25-2 mg... ER: 0.5-3 mg... Soln: 1mg/ml
R: Oral... D: tablet 10, 25, 50, 75, 100, 150
R: oral, intrathecal... D: tablet 10, 20mg... Topical 1%, 2% (60mg,…
R: Oral, IV... D: Tablet 25, 50, 100mg... IV: 10mg/12.5mL
Xanax
R: Oral... D: tablet, ODT: 0.25-2 mg... ER: 0.5-3 mg... Soln: 1mg/ml
Elavil
R: Oral... D: tablet 10, 25, 50, 75, 100, 150
17 terms
Routes and dosages
Extract
Insertion
Instillation
Mixture
Drug made by removing a substance from an animal or plant
Place object into body opening
Placing drops into body opening
Suspension made with large particles
Extract
Drug made by removing a substance from an animal or plant
Insertion
Place object into body opening
36 terms
Dosage and route
ac
pc
c
s
before meals
after meals
with
without
ac
before meals
pc
after meals
33 terms
Dosage/Route
Albuterol (Proventil)
Ipratropium (Atrovent)
Furosemide (Lasix)
Aspirin
2.5mg in 3mL of NS - Nebulized
.5mg in 2.5mL of NS - Nebulized
1mg/kg or double daily dose - IV/IO
325mg - PO
Albuterol (Proventil)
2.5mg in 3mL of NS - Nebulized
Ipratropium (Atrovent)
.5mg in 2.5mL of NS - Nebulized
27 terms
Dosages/Routes
Atropine
Midazolam
Fentanyl
Ketamine
0.5 mg IV
0.1 mg/kg IV... 5 mg IM... 3 mg Intranasal
25 - 100 mcg IV/IM
2 mg/kg IV... 0.1 - 0.3 mg/kg
Atropine
0.5 mg IV
Midazolam
0.1 mg/kg IV... 5 mg IM... 3 mg Intranasal
27 terms
Routes of administration, Dosage Forms
Enteral
Parenteral
Topical
Interdermal (ID)
Via the digestive tract
Other than the digestive tract
On top of skin
within the skin
Enteral
Via the digestive tract
Parenteral
Other than the digestive tract
163 terms
Dosage forms, routes & formulations
Oral route dosage forms
Buccal route dosage forms
Sublingual dosage forms
Rectal dosage forms
-tablets... -capsules... -bulk powders (BC powder)... -solutions... -susp…
-tablets... -solutions
-tablets... -lozenges
-solutions... -ointment... -suppositories
Oral route dosage forms
-tablets... -capsules... -bulk powders (BC powder)... -solutions... -susp…
Buccal route dosage forms
-tablets... -solutions
Dosage Forms and Routes of Administration
buccal
inhalation
MDI
Dosage Form
placed between the cheek and gums
introduced to the body via the respiratory system (nose or mo…
metered dose inhaler- provides an exact amount of drug for ea…
the physical form of a drug (solid, liquid, gas)
buccal
placed between the cheek and gums
inhalation
introduced to the body via the respiratory system (nose or mo…
44 terms
Dosage Forms and Routes of Administration
additive
diluents
excipients
preservatives
additional formulation aids that may be necessary for a succe…
additives used to increase the bulk weight or volume of a dos…
inactive substances used as a carrier for the active ingredie…
substances that slow, minimize, or prevent the growth of bact…
additive
additional formulation aids that may be necessary for a succe…
diluents
additives used to increase the bulk weight or volume of a dos…
75 terms
Dosage Forms & Routes of Administration
hydroalcoholic
elixir
tincture
lotion
a mixture of water and alcohol, a Non-aqueous solution with w…
a sweet flavored liquid (usually containing a small amount of…
(pharmacology) a medicine consisting of an extract in an alco…
solution or suspension of soothing substances to be applied o…
hydroalcoholic
a mixture of water and alcohol, a Non-aqueous solution with w…
elixir
a sweet flavored liquid (usually containing a small amount of…
20 terms
Dosage Forms and Routes of Administration
what is drug elimination composed of?
major site of metabolism
what is drug metabolism?
what are the phase I mechanisms of dru…
irreversible removal of the parent drugs from the body; excre…
main = liver due to high blood perfusion and major enzymatic…
chemical modification to make more water soluable of drugs to…
oxidation (ER-oxidase), reduction (gut and liver-reductase),…
what is drug elimination composed of?
irreversible removal of the parent drugs from the body; excre…
major site of metabolism
main = liver due to high blood perfusion and major enzymatic…
20 terms
Dosage Forms and Routes of Administration
A gram is equal to 1000
To find the value of the unknown quant…
Antifungals and antiseptics make use o…
All of the following are advantages of…
miligrams
multiply 9 and x; multiply 3 and 12; then divide both sides b…
topical
it's the easiest and safest method.
A gram is equal to 1000
miligrams
To find the value of the unknown quant…
multiply 9 and x; multiply 3 and 12; then divide both sides b…
95 terms
Dosage Forms and Routes of Administration
Natural
Synthetic
Genetically Engineered
(ASA) aspirin
plants,animals,minerals
semisynthetic,synthesized
rDNA, MAbs
white willow bark
Natural
plants,animals,minerals
Synthetic
semisynthetic,synthesized
20 terms
Exam 4 Dosage Routes
oral
sublingual
intravenous
intra-arterial
mouth
under the tongue
vein
artery
oral
mouth
sublingual
under the tongue
21 terms
Dosage Forms and Routes
Ampule
Buccal
Caplet
Capsule
A sealed glass container that usually contains a single dose…
Pertaining to the inside of the cheek.
A tablet shaped like a capsule.
A solid dosage form in which the drug is enclosed in either a…
Ampule
A sealed glass container that usually contains a single dose…
Buccal
Pertaining to the inside of the cheek.
29 terms
Dosage Forms Routes Administration
Eternal Medications
Parenteral medications
Inhalation
Injectable drugs
are given orally and pass through the GI tract to be absorbed…
are injected or placed into the body tissues and do not pass…
routes of administration are inhaled through the mouth or the…
are usually in the form of solutions or powders, which are mi…
Eternal Medications
are given orally and pass through the GI tract to be absorbed…
Parenteral medications
are injected or placed into the body tissues and do not pass…
28 terms
Dosage forms and routes
enteral route
oral
buccal
sublingual
oral, buccal, sublingual, rectal
tablets, capsules, bulk powders, solutions, suspensions, elix…
tablets, solutions
tablets, lozenges
enteral route
oral, buccal, sublingual, rectal
oral
tablets, capsules, bulk powders, solutions, suspensions, elix…
46 terms
Routes, Dosage Forms, & Formulations
disintegration
dissolution
solution
emulsifier
the breaking apart of a tablet into smaller pieces
when the smaller pieces of a disintegrated tablet dissolved i…
clear liquid made up of 1 or more substances is completely di…
a stabilizing agent in emulsions
disintegration
the breaking apart of a tablet into smaller pieces
dissolution
when the smaller pieces of a disintegrated tablet dissolved i…
9 terms
Routes & Dosage Formulations
The two primary dosage forms for medic…
There are several subcategories of sol…
Gelatin shells are classified into two…
The primary function of _____ ointment…
liquids and solids
characteristics of the vehicle
hard, soft
oleaginous
The two primary dosage forms for medic…
liquids and solids
There are several subcategories of sol…
characteristics of the vehicle
75 terms
Dosage Forms & Routes of Administration
hydroalcoholic
elixir
tincture
lotion
a mixture of water and alcohol, a Non-aqueous solution with w…
a sweet flavored liquid (usually containing a small amount of…
(pharmacology) a medicine consisting of an extract in an alco…
solution or suspension of soothing substances to be applied o…
hydroalcoholic
a mixture of water and alcohol, a Non-aqueous solution with w…
elixir
a sweet flavored liquid (usually containing a small amount of…
27 terms
Dosage Forms/ Routes of Administration
Enteral medications
Parenteral medications
Injectable drugs
Inhalation
given orally and pass through the GI tract to be absorbed int…
are injected or placed into the body tissues and do not pass…
usually in the form of solutions or powders, which are mixed…
routes of administration are inhaled through the mouth or the…
Enteral medications
given orally and pass through the GI tract to be absorbed int…
Parenteral medications
are injected or placed into the body tissues and do not pass…
31 terms
Dosage Forms/Routes of Administration
Enteral Meds
Parenteral Meds
Injectable Meds
Inhalation Meds
given orally and pass through the GI tract to be absorbed int…
injected or placed into the body tissues and do not pass thro…
usually in the form of solutions or powders, which are mixed…
inhaled through the mouth or the nose and usually act directl…
Enteral Meds
given orally and pass through the GI tract to be absorbed int…
Parenteral Meds
injected or placed into the body tissues and do not pass thro…
55 terms
Dosage forms/ Routes of administration
Suppository
Suspension
Ointments
Aerosol
Melts when inserted into a body cavity
Solid medication is not fully dissolved in the solvent
Solid medication is dissolved in petroleum or polyethylene gl…
Most inhaled to lungs
Suppository
Melts when inserted into a body cavity
Suspension
Solid medication is not fully dissolved in the solvent
29 terms
dosage forms/routes of administration
enternal medications
tablets
capsule
caplet
are given orally and pass through the GI tract to be absorbed…
To form a Tablet the drug is combined with fillers and is the…
To form a Capsule the drug is contained in a cylindrically sh…
oval-shaped tablet.
enternal medications
are given orally and pass through the GI tract to be absorbed…
tablets
To form a Tablet the drug is combined with fillers and is the…
57 terms
Dosage Forms & Routes of Administration
additive
aerosol
ampoule
buccal tablet
additional formulation aids that may be necessary for a succe…
suspensions of very fine liquid or solid drug particles in a…
self-enclosed glass containers that are opened by breaking th…
designed to be placed between the cheek and gum, for slow abs…
additive
additional formulation aids that may be necessary for a succe…
aerosol
suspensions of very fine liquid or solid drug particles in a…
10 terms
Routes of Admin/Dosage Forms
parenteral (by injection)
oral
sublingual/buccal
topical
injections (solutions, suspensions, emulsions)
solutions, syrups, suspensions, emulsions, gels, powders, gra…
tablets, lozgenes, troches, lollipops, sprays
ointments, creams, pastes, lotions, gel, solutions, topical,…
parenteral (by injection)
injections (solutions, suspensions, emulsions)
oral
solutions, syrups, suspensions, emulsions, gels, powders, gra…
16 terms
Dosage Forms / Routes of Administration
Enteral medications
Parenteral medications
Injectable drugs
Inhalation routes of administration
are given orally and pass through the GI tract to be absorbed…
are injected or placed into the body tissues and do not pass…
are usually in the form of solutions or powders, which are mi…
are inhaled through the mouth or the nose and usually act dir…
Enteral medications
are given orally and pass through the GI tract to be absorbed…
Parenteral medications
are injected or placed into the body tissues and do not pass…
28 terms
Dosage Forms / Routes of Administration
Enteral medications
Parenteral medications
Injectable drugs
Inhalation
are given orally and pass through the GI tract to be absorbed…
are injected or placed into the body tissues and do not pass…
are usually in the form of solutions or powders, which are mi…
routes of administration are inhaled through the mouth or the…
Enteral medications
are given orally and pass through the GI tract to be absorbed…
Parenteral medications
are injected or placed into the body tissues and do not pass…
11 terms
Dosage forms and routes of administration
Dosage forms (physical state)
Routes of administration
Oral route
Drug absorption
Liquid, semisolid, solid
It is based on how the dosage form is introduced to the body
Administration of medication by mouth and absorbed through th…
Transport of drug molecules from site of administration to bl…
Dosage forms (physical state)
Liquid, semisolid, solid
Routes of administration
It is based on how the dosage form is introduced to the body
23 terms
Routes of Administration & Dosage Forms
Route of Administration
Oral (po)
Sublingual tablets
Intransal
defines how the drug gets into the body
is the most common route of administration
- soft tablets made to dissolve under the tongue ... - the under…
a drug in spray or drop form
Route of Administration
defines how the drug gets into the body
Oral (po)
is the most common route of administration
11 terms
Route : Abbr. for Dosage Calculations
p.r.
SL
p.o.
NJ
per rectum, rectally
sublingual, or under tongue
by mouth, or orally
nasojejunal tube
p.r.
per rectum, rectally
SL
sublingual, or under tongue
28 terms
Dosage Forms/Routes of Administration
1. Enteral medications
2. Parenteral medications
3. Injectable drugs
4. Inhalation
given orally and pass through the GI tract to be absorbed int…
injected or placed into the body tissues and do not pass thro…
usually in the form of solutions or powders, which are mixed…
routes of administration are inhaled through the mouth or the…
1. Enteral medications
given orally and pass through the GI tract to be absorbed int…
2. Parenteral medications
injected or placed into the body tissues and do not pass thro…
88 terms
Dosage Forms and Routes of Administration
Dosage Form
Active Ingredient
Inert Ingredient
Additive
System or device for delivering the drug to the body
Drug/medication
Facilitate administration of the drug
Additional formulation aid that may be necessary for a succes…
Dosage Form
System or device for delivering the drug to the body
Active Ingredient
Drug/medication
21 terms
Dosage Forms and Routes of Administration
Active Ingredient
Inactive Ingredient
Additives
Diluents
ingredient in dosage form that is a drug or medication
inactive materials that facilitate administration of the drug
additional formulation aids for preparation of dosage forms
additives used to increase the bulk weight or volume of a dos…
Active Ingredient
ingredient in dosage form that is a drug or medication
Inactive Ingredient
inactive materials that facilitate administration of the drug
29 terms
Dosage forms and routes of administration
Enternal medication
Parenteral medications
Injectable drugs
Inhalation
Given orally and pass through the GI tract to be absorbed int…
Injected or placed into the body tissues and do not pass thro…
In the form of solutions or powders, which are mixed with ste…
Inhaled through the mouth or nose are usually act directly on…
Enternal medication
Given orally and pass through the GI tract to be absorbed int…
Parenteral medications
Injected or placed into the body tissues and do not pass thro…
19 terms
dosage forms and routes of administration
CD
CR
CRT
LA
controlled diffusion
controlled/continuous release
controlled-release tablet
long-acting
CD
controlled diffusion
CR
controlled/continuous release
37 terms
Pharmacy routes of administration and dosage forms
Ampule
Buccal
Buffered tablet
Caplet
A sealed glass container that usually contains a single dose…
Pertaining to the inside of the cheek.
A tablet that prevents ulceration or irritation of the stomac…
A tablet shaped like capsule
Ampule
A sealed glass container that usually contains a single dose…
Buccal
Pertaining to the inside of the cheek.
40 terms
Dosage Forms and Routes of Administration
Routes of Administration
Enteral Medications
Parenteral Medications
Eye/Ear
...
medications administered into the gastrointestinal tract
administered by injection
usually drops and ointment
Routes of Administration
...
Enteral Medications
medications administered into the gastrointestinal tract
26 terms
Dosage Forms and Routes of Administration
AD
Amp
AS
AU
right ear
ampule
left ear
both ears
AD
right ear
Amp
ampule
16 terms
Dosage Forms and Routes of Administration
Tablets
Chewable Tablets
Enteric-coated tablets
Sublingual tablets
Most popular dosage form, prepared by mechanical compression,…
chewed and dissolved in the mouth prior to swallowing, the al…
Special coating over the tablet to prevent the dissolution wi…
placed "under the tongue" where the active ingredient is quic…
Tablets
Most popular dosage form, prepared by mechanical compression,…
Chewable Tablets
chewed and dissolved in the mouth prior to swallowing, the al…
52 terms
Dosage Forms and Routes of Administration
Dosage Form
active ingredient
inactive ingredient
additives
a system or device for delivering the drug to the body
drug or medication
or inert... the material that facilitates the administration of…
additional formulation aids that may be necessary for a succe…
Dosage Form
a system or device for delivering the drug to the body
active ingredient
drug or medication
53 terms
Dosage forms and routes of administration
additive
aerosol
ampoule
buccal
additional formulation aids that may be necessary for a succe…
suspensions of very fine liquid or solid drug particles in a…
self-enclosed glass containers that contain sterile drugs for…
designed to be placed between the cheek and the gum where the…
additive
additional formulation aids that may be necessary for a succe…
aerosol
suspensions of very fine liquid or solid drug particles in a…
20 terms
Dosage Forms and Routes of Administration
A gram is equal to 1000
To find the value of the unknown quant…
Antifungals and antiseptics make use o…
All of the following are advantages of…
miligrams
multiply 9 and x; multiply 3 and 12; then divide both sides b…
topical
it's the easiest and safest method.
A gram is equal to 1000
miligrams
To find the value of the unknown quant…
multiply 9 and x; multiply 3 and 12; then divide both sides b…
45 terms
Dosage Forms and Routes of Admnistration
Dosage Form
Tablets
caplet
chewable tablet
physical manifestation of a drug as a solid, liquid or gas th…
contains diluent, binder, lubricating agent, disintegrant, so…
-a tablet shaped like a capsule... -easier to swallow than a tab…
-preferred for antacids, anti-flatulents, commercial vitamins…
Dosage Form
physical manifestation of a drug as a solid, liquid or gas th…
Tablets
contains diluent, binder, lubricating agent, disintegrant, so…
73 terms
Dosage forms and routes of administration
Generic name
Trade name
5 basic sources of drugs
Digitalis
Official name of drug
Name assigned by manufacturer
•Plants... •Animals... •Minerals... •Synthetic chemicals... •Bio or genet…
From foxglove plant
Generic name
Official name of drug
Trade name
Name assigned by manufacturer
Dosage Forms and Routes of Administration
ampule
aromatic water
buccal
buffered tablet
Sealed glass container that usually contains a single dose of…
a mixture of distilled water with an aromatic volatile water.
pertaining to the inside of the cheek
a tablet that prevents ulceration or irritation of the stomac…
ampule
Sealed glass container that usually contains a single dose of…
aromatic water
a mixture of distilled water with an aromatic volatile water.
18 terms
Dosage Forms and Routes of Administration
enterel
parenteral
eye and ear routes
topical
administered into the gastrointestinal tract
administered through injection
drop, ointments
administered through the skin
enterel
administered into the gastrointestinal tract
parenteral
administered through injection
92 terms
Dosage formulations and routes of administration
Parenteral
Parenteral routes
Intradermal
Subcutaneous
Medication does not pass through the GI system for absorption.
Intradermal (ID), Subcutaneous (SC), Intramuscular (IM), Intr…
Injects medication into top layer of skin
Injected into the tissue immediately under the skin
Parenteral
Medication does not pass through the GI system for absorption.
Parenteral routes
Intradermal (ID), Subcutaneous (SC), Intramuscular (IM), Intr…
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