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Study sets matching "drugs anti infective"

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Study sets matching "drugs anti infective"

24 terms
Anti-Infective Drugs: Simple
trimethoprim (TMP) and sulfamethaxazol…
silver sulfadiazine/Silvadene
penicillin G/Pfizerpen
amoxicillin and clavulanate/ Augmentin
Sulfonamide
Sulfonamide
Penicillin
Penicillin
trimethoprim (TMP) and sulfamethaxazol…
Sulfonamide
silver sulfadiazine/Silvadene
Sulfonamide
44 terms
Anti-Infective Drugs
Levofloxacin
Ofloxacin
Ciprofloxacin
Cimetidine
Levaquin
Floxin
Cipro
Tagamet
Levofloxacin
Levaquin
Ofloxacin
Floxin
11 terms
Anti-infective Drugs
fluconazole
cephalexin
azithromycin
amoxicillin
Diflucan - antifungal
Kelfex - cephalosporin antibiotic
Zithromax - macrolides antibiotic
Amoxil - penicillin antibiotic
fluconazole
Diflucan - antifungal
cephalexin
Kelfex - cephalosporin antibiotic
64 terms
Anti-Infective: Antibacterial Drugs
CWSI
Protein synthesis inhibitor
DNA synthesis inhibitor
Folic acid metabolism inhibitor
Cell wall synthesis inhibitor is safest, doesn't affect human…
prevent ribosomes from working together
different machinery
bacteria makes own, human uses others
CWSI
Cell wall synthesis inhibitor is safest, doesn't affect human…
Protein synthesis inhibitor
prevent ribosomes from working together
238 terms
Anti Infective Drugs
Penicillin
Penicillin
Penicillin
Penicillin
penicillin G, antibiotic
nefcillin, antibiotic
cloxacillin, antibiotic
ampicillin, antibiotic
Penicillin
penicillin G, antibiotic
Penicillin
nefcillin, antibiotic
15 terms
Anti-Infective Drugs
Aminoglycocide (Peak and trough blood…
Cephalosporin
Macrolide
Penicillins
Gentamycin, Garamycin, Nebcin
Keflex, Ancef, Ceclor, Rocephin, cefipine
Erythromycin, Zithromax
Augmentin, amoxicillin
Aminoglycocide (Peak and trough blood…
Gentamycin, Garamycin, Nebcin
Cephalosporin
Keflex, Ancef, Ceclor, Rocephin, cefipine
40 terms
Anti-infective Drugs
Amoxil
Clavulin
Orbenin
PenVee
amoxicillin... Penicillin family
Amoxicillin+ clavulanic acid... Penicillin family
Cloxacillin... Penicillin family
Penicillin V... Penicillin family
Amoxil
amoxicillin... Penicillin family
Clavulin
Amoxicillin+ clavulanic acid... Penicillin family
45 terms
Anti infective Drugs
Bacteria
Fungi
Virus
Reservoir
Prokaryote
Eukaryotic
not cell
infection lives, multiplies
Bacteria
Prokaryote
Fungi
Eukaryotic
57 terms
anti-infective drugs
antimicrobials are..
aerobes are..
anaerobes are..
-cidal=
drugs used to fight infection
bacteria that need oxygen to live and replicate
live and replicate without oxygen
drug can kill microorganisms
antimicrobials are..
drugs used to fight infection
aerobes are..
bacteria that need oxygen to live and replicate
18 terms
Anti-infective Drugs
Aminoglycosides: GENTAMYCIN
Penicillins
Teaching about anti-infective therapy
Cephalosporins
*Bactericidal... ACTIONS:... *Inhibit protein synthesis by binding…
*Bactericidal... ACTIONS:... *Inhibits cell wall synthesis during m…
*Take this drug exactly as prescribed, complete the entire pr…
*Bactericidal... ACTIONS:... Inhibits cell well synthesis, promotin…
Aminoglycosides: GENTAMYCIN
*Bactericidal... ACTIONS:... *Inhibit protein synthesis by binding…
Penicillins
*Bactericidal... ACTIONS:... *Inhibits cell wall synthesis during m…
135 terms
Anti-infective drugs
Steps in selecting an antimicrobial
bacteriostatic
Some causes of antibiotic resistance?
What causes resistance?
1. isolate and identify... 2. susceptibility... 3. location and del…
prevent microbes from growing or multiplying
1. early ejection of med... 2. enzyme destruction... 3. penetration…
genetic mutations of the bacteria
Steps in selecting an antimicrobial
1. isolate and identify... 2. susceptibility... 3. location and del…
bacteriostatic
prevent microbes from growing or multiplying
22 terms
Anti-infective drugs
Antibiotics
Superficial mycoses
Deep (systemic) mycoses
How are frug classes grouped?
large class of compound that can act on fungi, bacteria, and…
affects the skin and mucous membranes
affect blood, lymph, nasal cavity and other organs
by their mechanism of action
Antibiotics
large class of compound that can act on fungi, bacteria, and…
Superficial mycoses
affects the skin and mucous membranes
111 terms
Anti Infective Drugs
Culture
Sensitivity
MIC
Serology
Grow micro organisms outside of bodu... Gram stain, shape, etc
Which antibiotics will treat ... Prefer the lowest MIC
Minimum inhibitory concentration... Concentration needed of an a…
Study of serum/blood... Measures serum antibodies/titers... Used wh…
Culture
Grow micro organisms outside of bodu... Gram stain, shape, etc
Sensitivity
Which antibiotics will treat ... Prefer the lowest MIC
98 terms
Combined anti-infective drugs
Distribution of cephalosporins..
Excretion of cephalosporins..
Side effects of cephalosporins..
Clinical uses of cephalosporins..
all tissue and fluids except CNS
kidneys, excreted in milk
uncommon
dogs/cats: cystitis, skin and soft tissue infections... cattle:…
Distribution of cephalosporins..
all tissue and fluids except CNS
Excretion of cephalosporins..
kidneys, excreted in milk
125 terms
Anti- infective drugs
Effect of residues on people
What types of residues are we seeing i…
Antibiotics generally effect one on 5…
Antibiotics
- anaphylaxis... - selection for resistent bacteria in the GI tr…
- antibiotics... - pesticides... - growth hormone
- cells wall... - cell membrane... - ribosomes ... - metabolic enzymes…
- penicillins... - cephalosporins... - tetracyclines... - aminoglycosi…
Effect of residues on people
- anaphylaxis... - selection for resistent bacteria in the GI tr…
What types of residues are we seeing i…
- antibiotics... - pesticides... - growth hormone
22 terms
Anti-infective Drugs (Chapter 12)
Nitrofurantoin
Orbifloxacin (Trade Name: Orbax, Orbax…
Amikacin
Cefpodoxime proxetil Alex Miller
Common names: Macrodantin, Macrobid, Furadantin... MOA: Disrupts…
Mechanism of Action: Nucleic acid impairment... Broad vs. Narro…
MOA: Inhibit protein synthesis... Spectrum: Narrow... -cidal vs. st…
Common name: Simplicef... MOA: inhibits cell wall synthesis ... Spe…
Nitrofurantoin
Common names: Macrodantin, Macrobid, Furadantin... MOA: Disrupts…
Orbifloxacin (Trade Name: Orbax, Orbax…
Mechanism of Action: Nucleic acid impairment... Broad vs. Narro…
23 terms
Anti-Infective Drugs
What class of anti-infective drugs is…
The synthetic antibacterial and antipr…
What drug has employed as the "last li…
Which anti-infective drug can cause po…
Aminoglycosides
Metronidazole (Flagyl)
Vancomycin
Erythromycin
What class of anti-infective drugs is…
Aminoglycosides
The synthetic antibacterial and antipr…
Metronidazole (Flagyl)
22 terms
Anti-Infective Drugs
Zovirax
Amoxil, Moxatag, Trimox
Augmentin (XR)
Zirthromax and Zmax
Acyclovir
Amoxicillin trihydrate
Amoxicillin with clavulanate potassium
Azithromycin dihydrate
Zovirax
Acyclovir
Amoxil, Moxatag, Trimox
Amoxicillin trihydrate
19 terms
186- Anti Infective Drugs
Erythromycin base
Erythromycin base (enteric coated pell…
Erythromycin estolate
Erythromycin ethylsuccinate
Macrolide: Erythromid®, Ilotycin®
Macrolide: Eryc®
Macrolide: Ilosone®
Macrolide: EES®
Erythromycin base
Macrolide: Erythromid®, Ilotycin®
Erythromycin base (enteric coated pell…
Macrolide: Eryc®
22 terms
Anti-Infective Drugs
Acyclovir
Amoxicillin Trihydrate
Amoxicillin with clavulanate potassium
Azithromycin dihydrate
Zovirax
Amoxil, Moxatag, Trimox
Augmentin
Zithromax and Zmax
Acyclovir
Zovirax
Amoxicillin Trihydrate
Amoxil, Moxatag, Trimox
56 terms
Anti-infective drugs
Penicillin G procaine
Amoxicillin ... Ampicillin
Penicillin
Amoxicillin-clavulanate
MOA: interfere with bacterial cell wall synthesis... use: bacter…
MOA: interfere with bacterial cell wall synthesis... use: infect…
TN: Polyflex injection, Penicillin G procaine injection, Ambi…
TN: Clavamox (vet label) Augementin (human label)... MOA: beta-l…
Penicillin G procaine
MOA: interfere with bacterial cell wall synthesis... use: bacter…
Amoxicillin ... Ampicillin
MOA: interfere with bacterial cell wall synthesis... use: infect…
Anti-Infective Drugs
Acyclovir
Amoxicillin Trihydrate
Amoxicillin & Clavulanate Potassium
Azithromycin Dihydrate
Zovirax
Amoxil, Moxatag, Trimox
Augmentin (XR)
Zithromax, Zmax
Acyclovir
Zovirax
Amoxicillin Trihydrate
Amoxil, Moxatag, Trimox
98 terms
Anti-infective Drugs - Pharmacology
Aminoglycosides:
Aminoglycosides examples:
Aminoglycosides side effects:
Aminoglycosides contra or exteme cauti…
Used to treat many gram-neg bacteria,(E.coli, Pseudomonas, Sa…
amikacin, gentamicin, tobramycin - Poor aborp. p GI-tract - U…
Esp. in older adults dehydrated pts., renal or hearing impair…
Tinnitus, vertigo & high-frequency hearing loss - Reduced ren…
Aminoglycosides:
Used to treat many gram-neg bacteria,(E.coli, Pseudomonas, Sa…
Aminoglycosides examples:
amikacin, gentamicin, tobramycin - Poor aborp. p GI-tract - U…
30 terms
Anti-Infective Drugs
Metronidazole
Fluconazole
Ketoconazole
Nystatin
Flagyl, Flagyl ER (Antibacterial, Antiprotozoal)
Diflucan (Antifungal)
Nizoral (Antifungal)
Mycostatin, Nystop (Antifungal)
Metronidazole
Flagyl, Flagyl ER (Antibacterial, Antiprotozoal)
Fluconazole
Diflucan (Antifungal)
Anti-Infective and Anti-Inflammatory Drugs
Antibiotics
Sulfolnomides
b-Lactam
Cephalosporins
Sulfolnomides... b-Lactam ... Penicillins... Cephalosporins... Macrolides…
• Sulfamethoxazole trimenthoprim/Septra
• Clavulin
• Cephalexin/Keflex (gram +; 1st generation)... • Cefuroxime/Cef…
Antibiotics
Sulfolnomides... b-Lactam ... Penicillins... Cephalosporins... Macrolides…
Sulfolnomides
• Sulfamethoxazole trimenthoprim/Septra
12 terms
Anti-Infective and Anti-Inflammatory Drugs
Gram positive organisms
Gram negative organisms
Sulfonamides
β-Lactam Antibiotics
Turn purple when gram stain dyes are added. The cell walls an…
Turn red when gram stain dyes are added. The cell walls are m…
MOA: Inhibits bacterial growth (bacteriostatic), prevents bac…
I dont' ****ing get it
Gram positive organisms
Turn purple when gram stain dyes are added. The cell walls an…
Gram negative organisms
Turn red when gram stain dyes are added. The cell walls are m…
25 terms
Anti-infective drugs
Penicillin: Amoxicillion
Penicillin: Penicillin VK
Penicillin combo: Amoxicillin and pota…
Cephalosporin: Cefaclor
Trimox, amoxil
Veetids
Agumentin
Ceclor
Penicillin: Amoxicillion
Trimox, amoxil
Penicillin: Penicillin VK
Veetids
15 terms
Anti-Infective Drugs (pharmacy)
An antibacterial drug
Are synthesized by microorganisms -- g…
A tetracycline.
A cephalosporin.
vosol
antibiotics
doxycycline
cefaclor
An antibacterial drug
vosol
Are synthesized by microorganisms -- g…
antibiotics
88 terms
Anti-infective Drugs
Beta Lactam Antibitotics:
Penicillin
Cephalosporins
Carbapenems
Inhibit synthesis of cell wall... - Penicillins... -Cephalosporins…
Suffix: -cillin... Broad Spectrum... Oral or IV... Adverse Effects: GI…
Suffix: Cef- or Ceph-... Broad Spectrum... PO, IV, IM... Bactericidal…
Broad Spectrum... IV or IM... Bactercidal ... Adverse Effects: N/V/D... C…
Beta Lactam Antibitotics:
Inhibit synthesis of cell wall... - Penicillins... -Cephalosporins…
Penicillin
Suffix: -cillin... Broad Spectrum... Oral or IV... Adverse Effects: GI…
24 terms
Anti-Infective drugs
garamycin
protein synthesis inhibitors
erythromycin
eryc, erythrocin
gentamicin brand name
aminoglycosides, macrolides, tetracyclines
macrolide prototype
erythromycin brand names
garamycin
gentamicin brand name
protein synthesis inhibitors
aminoglycosides, macrolides, tetracyclines
40 terms
anti infective drugs
Infection
Empiric treatment
Resistance
Nosocomial infections
a colonization of pathogens that leads to tissue damage
begin drug treatment before culture and sensitive results
organism's ability to withstand effects of drugs
hospital acquired infection ... usually resistant to one or more…
Infection
a colonization of pathogens that leads to tissue damage
Empiric treatment
begin drug treatment before culture and sensitive results
22 terms
Anti-Infective Drugs
Need to know before administration
Aminoglycosides (Gentamicin, Neomycin,…
Nephrotoxicity
Ototoxicity
age, allergies, hepatic, renal, and cardiac function, C/S res…
Bactericidal. better IV,IM, not with renal disease, ^ fluids,…
increased serum Cr, proteinuria, and hematuria
auditory impairment, hearing loss, dizziness, light-headednes…
Need to know before administration
age, allergies, hepatic, renal, and cardiac function, C/S res…
Aminoglycosides (Gentamicin, Neomycin,…
Bactericidal. better IV,IM, not with renal disease, ^ fluids,…
40 terms
Anti-Infective Drugs
Amoxil
Clavulin
Orbenin
PenVee
amoxicillin
amoxicillin and clavulanic acid
cloxacillin
penicillin V
Amoxil
amoxicillin
Clavulin
amoxicillin and clavulanic acid
111 terms
Anti Infective Drugs
Culture
Sensitivity
MIC
Serology
Grow micro organisms outside of body... Gram stain, shape, etc
Which antibiotics will treat ... Prefer the lowest MIC; the ATBs…
Minimum inhibitory concentration... Concentration needed of an a…
Study of serum/blood... Measures serum antibodies/titers... Used wh…
Culture
Grow micro organisms outside of body... Gram stain, shape, etc
Sensitivity
Which antibiotics will treat ... Prefer the lowest MIC; the ATBs…
10 terms
Anti-INfective Drugs
Compare and contrast how different cat…
Explain the significance of the beta-l…
Describe the historical milestones in…
Explain how various consumer, medical,…
...
...
...
...
Compare and contrast how different cat…
...
Explain the significance of the beta-l…
...
35 terms
Anti-infective drugs
Viral load
Herpes Varicella
Herpes simplex HSV-1
Herpes simplex HSV2
The measurement of the voulmr of viral DNA/RNA in the host.
Chicken pox
Oral lesions
Genital lesions
Viral load
The measurement of the voulmr of viral DNA/RNA in the host.
Herpes Varicella
Chicken pox
17 terms
Pharm Anti-Infective Drugs
Antibiotic
bacteriocidal
Broad-Spectrum
Gram-Negative Bacteria
refers to a natural substance produced by bacteria that can k…
medications that kill bacteria
one that is effective against a wide variety of different mic…
Bacteria that have thinner cell walls and stain safranin. Ex:…
Antibiotic
refers to a natural substance produced by bacteria that can k…
bacteriocidal
medications that kill bacteria
25 terms
ANTI-INFECTIVE DRUGS
Nirofurantoin
Pyridium
Amoxicillin
Ampicillin
Macrobid
Phenazopyridine (May Discolor Urine Red)
Amoxcil
Amcil
Nirofurantoin
Macrobid
Pyridium
Phenazopyridine (May Discolor Urine Red)
9 terms
Anti-Infective Drugs
Ethambutol (Myambutol)
Isoniazid (INH)
Rifampin (Rimactane, Rifadin)
Streptomycin
For TB... Dizziness, confusion, joint pain... Hepatotoxicity, canno…
For TB... Premiere drug... Hyperglycemia, not with alcohol, not wit…
For TB... Makes urine/body fluids red
For TB... Aminoglycoside
Ethambutol (Myambutol)
For TB... Dizziness, confusion, joint pain... Hepatotoxicity, canno…
Isoniazid (INH)
For TB... Premiere drug... Hyperglycemia, not with alcohol, not wit…
24 terms
Anti-Infective Drugs
Nevirapine
zidovudine
only pregnancy-safe nucleoside
Fosamprenavir
reverse transcriptase inhibitor; treats HIV (blocks activity)…
nucleoside; treat HIV (prevents replication); causes headache…
ziduvudine
protease inhibitor; treat HIV (blocks activity); causes Steve…
Nevirapine
reverse transcriptase inhibitor; treats HIV (blocks activity)…
zidovudine
nucleoside; treat HIV (prevents replication); causes headache…
101 terms
Anti-Infective drugs
Aminoglycosides- Drugs
Aminoglycosides- indication
Aminoglycoside- MOA
Aminoglycoside- ADR
Gentamicin... Tobramycin... Amikacin
gram-neg bacteria... typically given parenterally
Bactericidal... Binds to 30s ribosomal subunit preventing protei…
Nephrotoxicity ... Ototxicity
Aminoglycosides- Drugs
Gentamicin... Tobramycin... Amikacin
Aminoglycosides- indication
gram-neg bacteria... typically given parenterally
Anti-infective Drugs
Chemotherapeutic drugs 2 classes
antiinfective agents an overview
Protonsil
empiric therapy
Antimicrobial/Anti-infective Agents... Antineoplastic (Anticanc…
- selective toxicity ... - landmark periods... - can be classifie…
is a dye... with experiments we created a sulfonamide and it's…
Give a treatment during an office visit without lab results,…
Chemotherapeutic drugs 2 classes
Antimicrobial/Anti-infective Agents... Antineoplastic (Anticanc…
antiinfective agents an overview
- selective toxicity ... - landmark periods... - can be classifie…
21 terms
anti-infective drugs
Amoxil®
Zithromax®
Keflex®
Vibramycin®
generic: amoxicillin... indication: used to treat many different…
generic: azithromycin... indication: used to treat many differen…
generic: cephalexin... indication: used to treat infections caus…
generic: doxycycline... indication: used to treat many different…
Amoxil®
generic: amoxicillin... indication: used to treat many different…
Zithromax®
generic: azithromycin... indication: used to treat many differen…
26 terms
Anti-infective drugs
Antibacterial
Antibiotic
Antimicrobial
Bacteria
A substance that kills or inhibits bacterial growth.
A chemical secreted by a living organism that kills or reduce…
Capable of destroying or inhibiting the growth of disease-cau…
A member of a large group of unicellular microorganisms lacki…
Antibacterial
A substance that kills or inhibits bacterial growth.
Antibiotic
A chemical secreted by a living organism that kills or reduce…
21 terms
Anti-Infective Drugs
Zovirax
Amoxil; Moxatag; Trimox
Augmentin (XR)
Zithromax; Zmax
Acyclovir... Guanosine/ Purine Nucleoside Analog; Viral DNA Poly…
Amoxicillin Trihydrate... Penicillin; Beta-Lactam; Antibiotic... Ca…
Amoxicillin & Clavulanate Potassium... Penicillin; Beta-Lacatama…
Azithromycin Dihydrate... Macrolide; Opthalmologic Agent; Antibi…
Zovirax
Acyclovir... Guanosine/ Purine Nucleoside Analog; Viral DNA Poly…
Amoxil; Moxatag; Trimox
Amoxicillin Trihydrate... Penicillin; Beta-Lactam; Antibiotic... Ca…
20 terms
Anti-Infective Drugs
Veetids, Pen Vee K
Amoxil, Trimox
Augmentin
Zithromax
penicillin
amoxicillin
amoxicillin/clavulante
azithromycin
Veetids, Pen Vee K
penicillin
Amoxil, Trimox
amoxicillin
48 terms
Anti-Infective Drugs
Antibacterial
Antibiotic
Antimicrobial
Bactericidal
Any agent that inhibits bacterial growth, impedes replication…
Agent produced by a micro-organism/produced semi-syntheticall…
Agent that kills micro-organisms/suppresses their multiplicat…
Kills bacteria
Antibacterial
Any agent that inhibits bacterial growth, impedes replication…
Antibiotic
Agent produced by a micro-organism/produced semi-syntheticall…
39 terms
Anti-Infective Drugs
Nirofurantoin
Phyridium
Amoxicillin
Ampicillin
Macrobid
Phenazopyrdine - May discolor urine
Amoxil
Amcill
Nirofurantoin
Macrobid
Phyridium
Phenazopyrdine - May discolor urine
29 terms
Anti-infective Drugs
Penicillins
Cephalosporins
Vancomycin
Tetracyclines
Examples: Amoxicillin, Nafcillin, Penicillin G... Identifier: Su…
Examples: Cefaclor, Ceftaxime, Ceftriaxone... Identifier: Prefix…
Action: inhibits bacterial cell wall synthesis (causing lysis…
Examples: Doxycycline, Tetracycline... Identifier: Suffix (-cycl…
Penicillins
Examples: Amoxicillin, Nafcillin, Penicillin G... Identifier: Su…
Cephalosporins
Examples: Cefaclor, Ceftaxime, Ceftriaxone... Identifier: Prefix…
47 terms
Anti-infective Drugs
Amoxil
Clavulin
Orbenin
Penicillin G
amoxicillin
amoxicillin/clavulanic acid
cloxacillin
penicillin G
Amoxil
amoxicillin
Clavulin
amoxicillin/clavulanic acid
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