Study sets matching "drugs anti infective"

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Study sets matching "drugs anti infective"

40 terms
Anti-infective Drugs
Amoxil
Clavulin
Orbenin
PenVee
amoxicillin... Penicillin family
Amoxicillin+ clavulanic acid... Penicillin family
Cloxacillin... Penicillin family
Penicillin V... Penicillin family
Amoxil
amoxicillin... Penicillin family
Clavulin
Amoxicillin+ clavulanic acid... Penicillin family
238 terms
Anti Infective Drugs
Penicillin
Penicillin
Penicillin
Penicillin
penicillin G, antibiotic
nefcillin, antibiotic
cloxacillin, antibiotic
ampicillin, antibiotic
Penicillin
penicillin G, antibiotic
Penicillin
nefcillin, antibiotic
45 terms
Anti infective Drugs
Bacteria
Fungi
Virus
Reservoir
Prokaryote
Eukaryotic
not cell
infection lives, multiplies
Bacteria
Prokaryote
Fungi
Eukaryotic
64 terms
Anti-Infective: Antibacterial Drugs
CWSI
Protein synthesis inhibitor
DNA synthesis inhibitor
Folic acid metabolism inhibitor
Cell wall synthesis inhibitor is safest, doesn't affect human…
prevent ribosomes from working together
different machinery
bacteria makes own, human uses others
CWSI
Cell wall synthesis inhibitor is safest, doesn't affect human…
Protein synthesis inhibitor
prevent ribosomes from working together
44 terms
Anti-Infective Drugs
Levofloxacin
Ofloxacin
Ciprofloxacin
Cimetidine
Levaquin
Floxin
Cipro
Tagamet
Levofloxacin
Levaquin
Ofloxacin
Floxin
24 terms
Anti-Infective Drugs: Simple
trimethoprim (TMP) and sulfamethaxazol…
silver sulfadiazine/Silvadene
penicillin G/Pfizerpen
amoxicillin and clavulanate/ Augmentin
Sulfonamide
Sulfonamide
Penicillin
Penicillin
trimethoprim (TMP) and sulfamethaxazol…
Sulfonamide
silver sulfadiazine/Silvadene
Sulfonamide
Pharmacology- Anti-Infective Drugs
Chemotherapy
Broad spectrum antibiotic
Nephrotoxicity
Superinfection
Treating any disease with chemicals.
Effective against MANY bacteria
Toxic to the kidneys
Fungal infection from antibiotic
Chemotherapy
Treating any disease with chemicals.
Broad spectrum antibiotic
Effective against MANY bacteria
98 terms
Combined anti-infective drugs
Distribution of cephalosporins..
Excretion of cephalosporins..
Side effects of cephalosporins..
Clinical uses of cephalosporins..
all tissue and fluids except CNS
kidneys, excreted in milk
uncommon
dogs/cats: cystitis, skin and soft tissue infections... cattle:…
Distribution of cephalosporins..
all tissue and fluids except CNS
Excretion of cephalosporins..
kidneys, excreted in milk
125 terms
Anti- infective drugs
Effect of residues on people
What types of residues are we seeing i…
Antibiotics generally effect one on 5…
Antibiotics
- anaphylaxis... - selection for resistent bacteria in the GI tr…
- antibiotics... - pesticides... - growth hormone
- cells wall... - cell membrane... - ribosomes ... - metabolic enzymes…
- penicillins... - cephalosporins... - tetracyclines... - aminoglycosi…
Effect of residues on people
- anaphylaxis... - selection for resistent bacteria in the GI tr…
What types of residues are we seeing i…
- antibiotics... - pesticides... - growth hormone
57 terms
anti-infective drugs
antimicrobials are..
aerobes are..
anaerobes are..
-cidal=
drugs used to fight infection
bacteria that need oxygen to live and replicate
live and replicate without oxygen
drug can kill microorganisms
antimicrobials are..
drugs used to fight infection
aerobes are..
bacteria that need oxygen to live and replicate
18 terms
Anti-infective Drugs
Aminoglycosides: GENTAMYCIN
Penicillins
Teaching about anti-infective therapy
Cephalosporins
*Bactericidal... ACTIONS:... *Inhibit protein synthesis by binding…
*Bactericidal... ACTIONS:... *Inhibits cell wall synthesis during m…
*Take this drug exactly as prescribed, complete the entire pr…
*Bactericidal... ACTIONS:... Inhibits cell well synthesis, promotin…
Aminoglycosides: GENTAMYCIN
*Bactericidal... ACTIONS:... *Inhibit protein synthesis by binding…
Penicillins
*Bactericidal... ACTIONS:... *Inhibits cell wall synthesis during m…
111 terms
Anti Infective Drugs
Culture
Sensitivity
MIC
Serology
Grow micro organisms outside of bodu... Gram stain, shape, etc
Which antibiotics will treat ... Prefer the lowest MIC
Minimum inhibitory concentration... Concentration needed of an a…
Study of serum/blood... Measures serum antibodies/titers... Used wh…
Culture
Grow micro organisms outside of bodu... Gram stain, shape, etc
Sensitivity
Which antibiotics will treat ... Prefer the lowest MIC
Anti-Infective Drugs
What class of anti-infective drugs is…
The synthetic antibacterial and antipr…
What drug has employed as the "last li…
Which anti-infective drug can cause po…
Aminoglycosides
Metronidazole (Flagyl)
Vancomycin
Erythromycin
What class of anti-infective drugs is…
Aminoglycosides
The synthetic antibacterial and antipr…
Metronidazole (Flagyl)
19 terms
186- Anti Infective Drugs
Erythromycin base
Erythromycin base (enteric coated pell…
Erythromycin estolate
Erythromycin ethylsuccinate
Macrolide: Erythromid®, Ilotycin®
Macrolide: Eryc®
Macrolide: Ilosone®
Macrolide: EES®
Erythromycin base
Macrolide: Erythromid®, Ilotycin®
Erythromycin base (enteric coated pell…
Macrolide: Eryc®
22 terms
Anti-Infective Drugs
Zovirax
Amoxil, Moxatag, Trimox
Augmentin (XR)
Zirthromax and Zmax
Acyclovir
Amoxicillin trihydrate
Amoxicillin with clavulanate potassium
Azithromycin dihydrate
Zovirax
Acyclovir
Amoxil, Moxatag, Trimox
Amoxicillin trihydrate
Anti-Infective Drugs
Acyclovir
Amoxicillin Trihydrate
Amoxicillin with clavulanate potassium
Azithromycin dihydrate
Zovirax
Amoxil, Moxatag, Trimox
Augmentin
Zithromax and Zmax
Acyclovir
Zovirax
Amoxicillin Trihydrate
Amoxil, Moxatag, Trimox
Anti-Infective Drugs
Acyclovir
Amoxicillin Trihydrate
Amoxicillin & Clavulanate Potassium
Azithromycin Dihydrate
Zovirax
Amoxil, Moxatag, Trimox
Augmentin (XR)
Zithromax, Zmax
Acyclovir
Zovirax
Amoxicillin Trihydrate
Amoxil, Moxatag, Trimox
22 terms
Anti-infective Drugs (Chapter 12)
Nitrofurantoin
Orbifloxacin (Trade Name: Orbax, Orbax…
Amikacin
Cefpodoxime proxetil Alex Miller
Common names: Macrodantin, Macrobid, Furadantin... MOA: Disrupts…
Mechanism of Action: Nucleic acid impairment... Broad vs. Narro…
MOA: Inhibit protein synthesis... Spectrum: Narrow... -cidal vs. st…
Common name: Simplicef... MOA: inhibits cell wall synthesis ... Spe…
Nitrofurantoin
Common names: Macrodantin, Macrobid, Furadantin... MOA: Disrupts…
Orbifloxacin (Trade Name: Orbax, Orbax…
Mechanism of Action: Nucleic acid impairment... Broad vs. Narro…
98 terms
Anti-infective Drugs - Pharmacology
Aminoglycosides:
Aminoglycosides examples:
Aminoglycosides side effects:
Aminoglycosides contra or exteme cauti…
Used to treat many gram-neg bacteria,(E.coli, Pseudomonas, Sa…
amikacin, gentamicin, tobramycin - Poor aborp. p GI-tract - U…
Esp. in older adults dehydrated pts., renal or hearing impair…
Tinnitus, vertigo & high-frequency hearing loss - Reduced ren…
Aminoglycosides:
Used to treat many gram-neg bacteria,(E.coli, Pseudomonas, Sa…
Aminoglycosides examples:
amikacin, gentamicin, tobramycin - Poor aborp. p GI-tract - U…
Anti-infective Drugs
Aminoglycosides (class)
Penicillins (class)
Quinolones (class)
Antituberculars (class)
Gentamicin/Garamycin (drug)
Penicillin G (drug)... Amoxicillin
Ciprofloxacin... Cipro (drug)
Isoniazid INH (drug)... Rifampin
Aminoglycosides (class)
Gentamicin/Garamycin (drug)
Penicillins (class)
Penicillin G (drug)... Amoxicillin
30 terms
Rusnak Anti-Infective Drugs
Levaquin
Use
Mnemonic
Truvada
levofloxacin
Treat bacterial infections
Levi the Fox uses Levaquin to treat his infection.
tenofovir/emtricitabine
Levaquin
levofloxacin
Use
Treat bacterial infections
73 terms
Chapter 17- Anti-infective Drugs
Empiric Guess
Nosocomial infection
MRSA
VRE
best guess based on history
hospital-acquired infection
methicillin-resistant stapylococcus aureus. First line of tre…
vancomycin-resistant enterococci. First line of treatment is…
Empiric Guess
best guess based on history
Nosocomial infection
hospital-acquired infection
5 terms
Anti-Infective Drugs
Tetracyclines:
Sulfanomides:
Urinary antiseptic:
Anti-infective:
tetracycline HCL (Sumycin)
sulfisoxazole (Prontosil)
trimethiprim (Primsol), phenzaopyridine (Pyridium, Azo-Standa…
vancomycin (Vancocin), clindamycin
Tetracyclines:
tetracycline HCL (Sumycin)
Sulfanomides:
sulfisoxazole (Prontosil)
30 terms
Anti-Infective Drugs
Metronidazole
Fluconazole
Ketoconazole
Nystatin
Flagyl, Flagyl ER (Antibacterial, Antiprotozoal)
Diflucan (Antifungal)
Nizoral (Antifungal)
Mycostatin, Nystop (Antifungal)
Metronidazole
Flagyl, Flagyl ER (Antibacterial, Antiprotozoal)
Fluconazole
Diflucan (Antifungal)
25 terms
anti-infective drugs
amoxicillin
penicillin VK
amoxicillin with K clavulanate
cefdinir
Trimox, Amoxil
Veetids
Augmentin
Omnicef
amoxicillin
Trimox, Amoxil
penicillin VK
Veetids
15 terms
Anti-Infective Drugs
Aminoglycocide (Peak and trough blood…
Cephalosporin
Macrolide
Penicillins
Gentamycin, Garamycin, Nebcin
Keflex, Ancef, Ceclor, Rocephin, cefipine
Erythromycin, Zithromax
Augmentin, amoxicillin
Aminoglycocide (Peak and trough blood…
Gentamycin, Garamycin, Nebcin
Cephalosporin
Keflex, Ancef, Ceclor, Rocephin, cefipine
Anti-infective drugs
Steps in selecting an antimicrobial
bacteriostatic
Some causes of antibiotic resistance?
What causes resistance?
1. isolate and identify... 2. susceptibility... 3. location and del…
prevent microbes from growing or multiplying
1. early ejection of med... 2. enzyme destruction... 3. penetration…
genetic mutations of the bacteria
Steps in selecting an antimicrobial
1. isolate and identify... 2. susceptibility... 3. location and del…
bacteriostatic
prevent microbes from growing or multiplying
22 terms
Anti-infective drugs
Antibiotics
Superficial mycoses
Deep (systemic) mycoses
How are frug classes grouped?
large class of compound that can act on fungi, bacteria, and…
affects the skin and mucous membranes
affect blood, lymph, nasal cavity and other organs
by their mechanism of action
Antibiotics
large class of compound that can act on fungi, bacteria, and…
Superficial mycoses
affects the skin and mucous membranes
22 terms
Anti Infective Drug targets
Sulfonamide
Trimethoprim
Quinolones (Gram -)
Quinolones (Gram +)
Dihydropteroate Synthase (DPS)
Dihydrofolate Reductase (DHFR)
DNA gyrase
Topisomerase 4
Sulfonamide
Dihydropteroate Synthase (DPS)
Trimethoprim
Dihydrofolate Reductase (DHFR)
11 terms
Anti-infective Drugs
fluconazole
cephalexin
azithromycin
amoxicillin
Diflucan - antifungal
Kelfex - cephalosporin antibiotic
Zithromax - macrolides antibiotic
Amoxil - penicillin antibiotic
fluconazole
Diflucan - antifungal
cephalexin
Kelfex - cephalosporin antibiotic
21 terms
Anti-infective Drugs
Acyclovir
Amoxicillin Trihydrate
Amoxicillin & Clavulanate Potassium
Azithromycin Dihydrate
Zovirax... tab, cap, oral suspension, IV RX6... ANTIVIRAL... Herpes In…
Amoxil, Moxatag, Trimox... Tab, cap, powder for suspension RX6... A…
Augmentin (XR)... Tab, chewable tab, powder for oral suspension…
Zithromax & Zmax... Tab, cap, powder for suspension, IV powder f…
Acyclovir
Zovirax... tab, cap, oral suspension, IV RX6... ANTIVIRAL... Herpes In…
Amoxicillin Trihydrate
Amoxil, Moxatag, Trimox... Tab, cap, powder for suspension RX6... A…
Anti-Infective Drugs
Culture & Sensitivity Tests (C&S)
Resistance
How to select anti infective meds
Allergic hypersensitivity
first step, identify the causative organism and specific medi…
organisms build up resistance to drugs and therefore are no l…
infection site... status of hepatic and or renal function... patien…
over response of the body to a specific substance
Culture & Sensitivity Tests (C&S)
first step, identify the causative organism and specific medi…
Resistance
organisms build up resistance to drugs and therefore are no l…
25 terms
Anti-infective drugs
Penicillin: Amoxicillion
Penicillin: Penicillin VK
Penicillin combo: Amoxicillin and pota…
Cephalosporin: Cefaclor
Trimox, amoxil
Veetids
Agumentin
Ceclor
Penicillin: Amoxicillion
Trimox, amoxil
Penicillin: Penicillin VK
Veetids
21 terms
Anti-infective drugs
Acyclovir
Amoxicillin Trihydrate
Amoxicillin clavulanate potassium
Azithromycin Dihydrate
genital herpes, shingles, cold sores
Bacterial infection, pneumonia, bronchitis
bacterial infections, urinary tract infections
Bacterial infections-respiratory infections, skin infections,…
Acyclovir
genital herpes, shingles, cold sores
Amoxicillin Trihydrate
Bacterial infection, pneumonia, bronchitis
25 terms
Anti-Infective Drugs Game
Metronidazole
Vosol
Azithromycin
Nelfinavir
Should avoid alcohol due to a vomiting reaction to this medic…
is an antibacterial drug
Which of these is a macrolide?
Which of these is used to treat AIDS?
Metronidazole
Should avoid alcohol due to a vomiting reaction to this medic…
Vosol
is an antibacterial drug
15 terms
Anti-Infective Drugs (pharmacy)
An antibacterial drug
Are synthesized by microorganisms -- g…
A tetracycline.
A cephalosporin.
vosol
antibiotics
doxycycline
cefaclor
An antibacterial drug
vosol
Are synthesized by microorganisms -- g…
antibiotics
40 terms
anti infective drugs
Infection
Empiric treatment
Resistance
Nosocomial infections
a colonization of pathogens that leads to tissue damage
begin drug treatment before culture and sensitive results
organism's ability to withstand effects of drugs
hospital acquired infection ... usually resistant to one or more…
Infection
a colonization of pathogens that leads to tissue damage
Empiric treatment
begin drug treatment before culture and sensitive results
24 terms
Anti-Infective drugs
garamycin
protein synthesis inhibitors
erythromycin
eryc, erythrocin
gentamicin brand name
aminoglycosides, macrolides, tetracyclines
macrolide prototype
erythromycin brand names
garamycin
gentamicin brand name
protein synthesis inhibitors
aminoglycosides, macrolides, tetracyclines
40 terms
Anti-Infective Drugs
Amoxil
Clavulin
Orbenin
PenVee
amoxicillin
amoxicillin and clavulanic acid
cloxacillin
penicillin V
Amoxil
amoxicillin
Clavulin
amoxicillin and clavulanic acid
7 terms
Anti-Infective Prototype Drugs
Penicillin G
Cefazolin
Tetracycline
Erythromycin
Class: Natural Penicillin... Indication: Antibacterial... S/S
Class: 1st Generation Cephalosporin... Indication: Antibacte…
Class: Tetrocycline... Indication: Antibacterial (BROAD SPEC…
Class: Macrolide... Indication: Antibacterial (BROAD SPECTRU…
Penicillin G
Class: Natural Penicillin... Indication: Antibacterial... S/S
Cefazolin
Class: 1st Generation Cephalosporin... Indication: Antibacte…
Anti-Infective Drugs
Aminoglycosides
Cephalosporins
Macrolides
Penicillins
used in short term treatment of many serious infections only…
are semisynthetic beta-lactam antibiotic derivatives produced…
used for treatment for infections of the respiratory tract, f…
are beta-lactam antibiotics produced from certain species of…
Aminoglycosides
used in short term treatment of many serious infections only…
Cephalosporins
are semisynthetic beta-lactam antibiotic derivatives produced…
Pharmacology Anti-Infective Drugs
Chemical Class
Bacteria
Bacterial resistance
Penicillinase
chemical structure of anti-infective drugs... ex. penicillins, c…
Cell wall synthesis inhibitor
Mutations, become stronger, secrete an enzyme designed to des…
Beta-lactamase
Chemical Class
chemical structure of anti-infective drugs... ex. penicillins, c…
Bacteria
Cell wall synthesis inhibitor
Anti-infective drugs
Culture and sensitivity test
Nosocomial
Superinfection
66
First step to identify causative organism and sprcific med to…
Hospital acquired infections
New infection caused as a result of killing normal flora in t…
Vaccine for shingles will decrease the chance of getting shin…
Culture and sensitivity test
First step to identify causative organism and sprcific med to…
Nosocomial
Hospital acquired infections
88 terms
Anti-infective Drugs
Beta Lactam Antibitotics:
Penicillin
Cephalosporins
Carbapenems
Inhibit synthesis of cell wall... - Penicillins... -Cephalosporins…
Suffix: -cillin... Broad Spectrum... Oral or IV... Adverse Effects: GI…
Suffix: Cef- or Ceph-... Broad Spectrum... PO, IV, IM... Bactericidal…
Broad Spectrum... IV or IM... Bactercidal ... Adverse Effects: N/V/D... C…
Beta Lactam Antibitotics:
Inhibit synthesis of cell wall... - Penicillins... -Cephalosporins…
Penicillin
Suffix: -cillin... Broad Spectrum... Oral or IV... Adverse Effects: GI…
Anti-infective Drugs
Penicillins
Cephalosporins
Aminoglycosides
Tetracyclines
Amoxil
Ancef... Omincef
Garamycin
Vibramycin
Penicillins
Amoxil
Cephalosporins
Ancef... Omincef
Anti infective drugs
Salvarsan
sulfanilamide (Prontosil), sulfadiazin…
penicillin G (Bicillin
penicillin V
The first Magic Bullet marketed for antibiosis, the organic a…
Then came...... Sulfonamides
Injectable
Oral
Salvarsan
The first Magic Bullet marketed for antibiosis, the organic a…
sulfanilamide (Prontosil), sulfadiazin…
Then came...... Sulfonamides
11 terms
Anti Infective drugs
Antiviral
Tetracycline
Sulfonamides
Other antibacterial agents
Acyclovir
Doxycycline
Sulfamethoxozole- trimethoprim
chloramphnicol
Antiviral
Acyclovir
Tetracycline
Doxycycline
Anti-infective Drugs
Empiric Anti-infective regimen
HAIs
Superinfection
Institute of Medicine
The best guess treatment based on history, that would likely…
Hospital acquired infections. Used to be known as nosocomial…
Manifests as a new infection as a result of killing the norma…
Determined that evidence is insufficient to demonstrate a cas…
Empiric Anti-infective regimen
The best guess treatment based on history, that would likely…
HAIs
Hospital acquired infections. Used to be known as nosocomial…
pharmacology Anti-infective Drugs
Aminoglycosides
Penicillins
Quinolones
Antituberculars
gentamicin (Garamycin)
penicillin G, amoxicillin
ciprofloxacin (Cipro)
isoniazid (INH), rifampin
Aminoglycosides
gentamicin (Garamycin)
Penicillins
penicillin G, amoxicillin
Anti Infective Drugs
Culture
Sensitivity
MIC
Serology
Grow micro organisms outside of body... Gram stain, shape, etc
Which antibiotics will treat ... Prefer the lowest MIC; the ATBs…
Minimum inhibitory concentration... Concentration needed of an a…
Study of serum/blood... Measures serum antibodies/titers... Used wh…
Culture
Grow micro organisms outside of body... Gram stain, shape, etc
Sensitivity
Which antibiotics will treat ... Prefer the lowest MIC; the ATBs…
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