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Study sets matching "earth and the solar system 1"

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Study sets matching "earth and the solar system 1"

42 terms
Earth and the Solar System (Chapter 1)
Nearly all of the planets in the solar…
Why is Earth's equatorial diameter gre…
What term best describes the shape of…
Which line (or lines) represent(s) a g…
The solar system was congealed from a swirling disk of gas an…
The centrifugal force that is generated from Earth's rotation…
Oblate spheroid
The equator and the Prime Meridian
Nearly all of the planets in the solar…
The solar system was congealed from a swirling disk of gas an…
Why is Earth's equatorial diameter gre…
The centrifugal force that is generated from Earth's rotation…
12 terms
Solar System: Part 1 Sun, Moon, & Earth
auroras
leap year
orbit
phases
the colorful displays in Earth's upper atmosphere which occur…
a year containing one extra day in order to keep the calendar…
the elliptical (oval) path a body takes as it travels around…
the different appearances of the moon resulting from changing…
auroras
the colorful displays in Earth's upper atmosphere which occur…
leap year
a year containing one extra day in order to keep the calendar…
18 terms
P1: The Earth and the solar system
What order does the planets go in?... (cl…
What is the nuclear fusion? ... (In the s…
What is a Nebula?
What is Starbirth?
Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune
Two Hydrogen nucleus's fuse together with lots of heat, this…
Is a cloud of dust made by the debris of an exploded star
A cloud of elements collapsed by the gravitational force
What order does the planets go in?... (cl…
Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune
What is the nuclear fusion? ... (In the s…
Two Hydrogen nucleus's fuse together with lots of heat, this…
16 terms
Earth - Solar System Quiz 1
Spherical
Central
Ptolomy
Copernicus
The ancient greeks were the Earth was a ___________ in shape
Model basing Earth as the centre of the world. The Sun, Moon…
(100-170AD) Ancient astronomer during the time of Rome, belie…
1473-1543. Polish astronomer who was the first to formulate a…
Spherical
The ancient greeks were the Earth was a ___________ in shape
Central
Model basing Earth as the centre of the world. The Sun, Moon…
9 terms
Earth in the Universe (Solar System)
constellation
stars
moon
planet
a group of stars that form a shape and are named
an object in outer space made of hot gases that can be seen i…
earth only natural satellite
a very large object that travels around a star (a ball of roc…
constellation
a group of stars that form a shape and are named
stars
an object in outer space made of hot gases that can be seen i…
13 terms
Earth Sci 27.1 - Formation of the Solar System
solar system
planet
solar nebula
planetesimal
sun, planets, and all the other objects that revolve around t…
A celestial body that is round due to its own gravity, orbits…
A large, rotating cloud of gas and dust from which a sun and…
A small body from which a planet originated in the early stag…
solar system
sun, planets, and all the other objects that revolve around t…
planet
A celestial body that is round due to its own gravity, orbits…
32 terms
3C - Earth and Solar System
asteroid
chemical bond
chondrule
comet
Small rocky, icy, and metallic celestial bodies left over fro…
A force of attraction that holds two atoms together.
Small rocky bodies within the meteorites that may represent m…
(astronomy) a relatively small extraterrestrial body consisti…
asteroid
Small rocky, icy, and metallic celestial bodies left over fro…
chemical bond
A force of attraction that holds two atoms together.
10 terms
Solar System and Earth Vocabulary
confused
planet
solar system
axis
bewildered; unsure
a huge object that moves around the sun - 8 total= Mercury, V…
made of planets, moons, and the sun
the imaginary line that earth rotates on
confused
bewildered; unsure
planet
a huge object that moves around the sun - 8 total= Mercury, V…
50 terms
Unit 1 - Solar System & Earth, Sun, Moon
Mercury
Venus
Earth
Mars
1st planet from the sun
2nd planet from the sun
3rd planet from the sun
4th planet from the sun
Mercury
1st planet from the sun
Venus
2nd planet from the sun
42 terms
Formation of Earth and Solar system
Earth's structure
Earth's internal structure
Peridotite
Xenolith
Crust: Continental 25-90km thick... Oceanic 6-11km thick... Lithos…
Crust ... Upper mantle... Transition zone... Lower mantle... Outer core... I…
A dense, coarse grained plutonic rock containing a large amou…
A piece of rock within an igneous mass which isn;t derived fr…
Earth's structure
Crust: Continental 25-90km thick... Oceanic 6-11km thick... Lithos…
Earth's internal structure
Crust ... Upper mantle... Transition zone... Lower mantle... Outer core... I…
13 terms
Solar System and Earth Vocabulary
orbit
planet
solar system
axis
the circular pathway taken by a planet.
a huge object that moves around the sun - 8 total= Mercury, V…
made of planets, moons, and the sun
the imaginary line that earth rotates on
orbit
the circular pathway taken by a planet.
planet
a huge object that moves around the sun - 8 total= Mercury, V…
6 terms
Earth in the Solar System
solar system
orbit
revolve
rotate
sun, planets, and all the other objects that revolve around t…
The path of an object as it moves around another object in sp…
to travel around something in a circle
to spin in place
solar system
sun, planets, and all the other objects that revolve around t…
orbit
The path of an object as it moves around another object in sp…
19 terms
Earth Science - The Solar System
Asteroid
Astronomical Unit (AU)
Atmosphere
Comet
irregularly-shaped, rocky object revolving around the sun tha…
a unit of length used to measure distance in the solar system…
the envelope of gas that surrounds a planet
small objects that orbit the sun and are made of ice, dust, a…
Asteroid
irregularly-shaped, rocky object revolving around the sun tha…
Astronomical Unit (AU)
a unit of length used to measure distance in the solar system…
24 terms
Earth and the Solar System
solar system
Inner Planets (compared to gas giants)
Outer Planets
Objects in the Solar System
-Mercury, Venus, Earth and Mars... -rocky/terrestrial planets... -n…
-Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune... -gas giants... -lots of moo…
-planets... -asteroids... -meteoroids... -natural satellites (moons)... -…
solar system
Inner Planets (compared to gas giants)
-Mercury, Venus, Earth and Mars... -rocky/terrestrial planets... -n…
8 terms
Earth Science Solar System
photosphere
chromoshpere
corona
fusion
the innermost layer of the Sun which is also its visible surf…
the middle layer of the Sun only visible during a solar eclipse
the outermost layer of the sun and is not visible without spe…
the combination of lightweight atomic nuclei into heavier ato…
photosphere
the innermost layer of the Sun which is also its visible surf…
chromoshpere
the middle layer of the Sun only visible during a solar eclipse
17 terms
Part 1: The Solar System and Early Earth
How was the solar system formed? (Ex.…
Definition of contraction
Definition of accretion
What did Dr. Payne discover in her exp…
Supernova > Nebula > Contraction > Accretion > Protostar form…
nebula collapses under its own gravity, then shrinks, heats u…
the matter around the center spins up and flattens into a disk
The primary component of stars is hydrogen and helium
How was the solar system formed? (Ex.…
Supernova > Nebula > Contraction > Accretion > Protostar form…
Definition of contraction
nebula collapses under its own gravity, then shrinks, heats u…
8 terms
earths solar system and earth
what planets are the gas giants?
Asteroids
Stars
Planets
jupiter, saturn, uranus, and neptune
chunks of rock that orbit a star and could be called space po…
Classified by color, size, and brightness
The 7 planets are mercury, venus, earth, mars, jupiter, satur…
what planets are the gas giants?
jupiter, saturn, uranus, and neptune
Asteroids
chunks of rock that orbit a star and could be called space po…
12 terms
1.1: The Universe, Our Solar System, & the Earth
The universe came into exsistemce appr…
Galaxies
Nebulae
Our own solar system, which formed app…
14 billion years ago, when the "Big Bang" occured
Are large systems typically comprised of tens of billions to…
Are enormous clouds composed of various gases and tiny specks…
resides within the Milky Way galaxy & includes the sun & eigh…
The universe came into exsistemce appr…
14 billion years ago, when the "Big Bang" occured
Galaxies
Are large systems typically comprised of tens of billions to…
9 terms
Earth Systems tst 1 Solar System
creation theories
nebular hypothesis
solar system
planet
big bang... god... just there
sun and planets formed from an original nebula of gas and dust
the sun and all of the planets and other bodies that travel a…
a celestial body that orbits the sun, is round because of its…
creation theories
big bang... god... just there
nebular hypothesis
sun and planets formed from an original nebula of gas and dust
5 terms
earth, solar system
Earth
orbit
solar system
astronomer
the planet we live on
to move around
the sun and the planets that move around it
studies the objects in the sky
Earth
the planet we live on
orbit
to move around
18 terms
Earth in the Solar System
All planets within the solar system or…
Their interior structures are also ver…
Inner rocky planets
Outer gas giants
The solar system consists of 4 inner planets and 4 ... outer pla…
The inner rocky planets are much smaller than ... the outer gas…
have a crust, mantle, and ... metallic core, similar to those of…
have a small rocky core that is ... surrounded by metallic and g…
All planets within the solar system or…
The solar system consists of 4 inner planets and 4 ... outer pla…
Their interior structures are also ver…
The inner rocky planets are much smaller than ... the outer gas…
28 terms
Earth Sc The solar system
What is a light-Year?
How fast does light travel?
A light-year is equal to:
Closest star to Earth other than the s…
It is the distance light ... travels in a vacuum in one year.
Light travels at a speed of 186,000 ... miles a second (700,000,…
5,878,630,000,000 miles ... (~ 6 trillion miles).
Proxima Centauri is 4.3 light-years away.... Light from Proxim…
What is a light-Year?
It is the distance light ... travels in a vacuum in one year.
How fast does light travel?
Light travels at a speed of 186,000 ... miles a second (700,000,…
15 terms
Earth and the Solar System
Apollo 11
asteroid
asteroid belt
axis
name of the first mission in which people landed on the surfa…
chunk of rock which orbits the sun in an elliptical path
large collection of asteroids located between Mars and Jupiter
imaginary slanted line that runs through the center of the pl…
Apollo 11
name of the first mission in which people landed on the surfa…
asteroid
chunk of rock which orbits the sun in an elliptical path
21 terms
Earth Solar System 2
Law of Equal Areas
Red Shift
Blue Shift
Doppler Effect
describes the speed at which an given planet moves through sp…
A shift toward longer wavelengths of the spectral lines emitt…
the displacement of the spectrum to shorter wavelengths in th…
A change in sound frequency caused by motion of the sound sou…
Law of Equal Areas
describes the speed at which an given planet moves through sp…
Red Shift
A shift toward longer wavelengths of the spectral lines emitt…
22 terms
The Solar System - Earth and Space
Kuiper
Nebula
Triton
Mercury
belt of comets that mark the far reaches of our solar system
this collapsed to form our solar system
moon that rotates in the opposite direction
the smallest planet
Kuiper
belt of comets that mark the far reaches of our solar system
Nebula
this collapsed to form our solar system
10 terms
The Earth- Solar System and Plate Tectonics
Solar System
Solar energy
Earth's crust
Earth's mantle
the collection of eight planets and their moons in orbit arou…
energy from the sun
The solid, outer player of earth
The 2nd layer made of molten rock (thickest part of earth)
Solar System
the collection of eight planets and their moons in orbit arou…
Solar energy
energy from the sun
21 terms
Earth and the Solar System
Revolves
Orbit
Rotates
Axis
traveling in a closed path, around the sun.
the path Earth takes as it revolves
spins on its axis
an imaginary line that passes through Earth's center and its…
Revolves
traveling in a closed path, around the sun.
Orbit
the path Earth takes as it revolves
15 terms
Solar System part 1: Earth, Moon, and Sun
rotate
axis
revolve
orbit
to spin around on an axis
a real or imaginary line that a spinning object turns around
to move in a circular path around another object
the path an object follows as it revolves
rotate
to spin around on an axis
axis
a real or imaginary line that a spinning object turns around
14 terms
Earth Science Solar System
solar system
planet
comet
star
a star and all the planets and other objects that revolve aro…
a large body that revolves around the sun
a ball of rock, ice, and frozen gases that revolves around th…
a huge ball of superheated gases
solar system
a star and all the planets and other objects that revolve aro…
planet
a large body that revolves around the sun
40 terms
Earth Science Solar System
Jupiter
Neptune
Mercury
Saturn
Largest planet in the solar system
Most distant planet in the solar system
Smallest planet in the solar system
Most extensive ring system in the solar system
Jupiter
Largest planet in the solar system
Neptune
Most distant planet in the solar system
24 terms
Earth Science Solar System
Nebula
Orbit
Solar system
Perihelion
Spinning cloud of hot gases
Curved path of one object around another object
Sun and all the objects
Point in a planet's orbit at which it is closest
Nebula
Spinning cloud of hot gases
Orbit
Curved path of one object around another object
30 terms
Sun-Earth-Moon and Solar Systems #1
When all of the Moon's surface that fa…
The imaginary line around which a plan…
The spinning of Earth on its axis is _…
Earth's yearly orbit around the sun is…
full moon
axis
rotation
revolution
When all of the Moon's surface that fa…
full moon
The imaginary line around which a plan…
axis
21 terms
Science: Earth and the Solar System
Apollo 11
asteroid
asteroid belt
astronomical unit (AU)
Name of of the first mission in which people on the surface o…
chunk of rock which orbits the sun in an elliptical path
large collection of asteroids located between Mars and Jupiter
a measure of distance equal to 93 million miles
Apollo 11
Name of of the first mission in which people on the surface o…
asteroid
chunk of rock which orbits the sun in an elliptical path
39 terms
Geology 1.1 - solar system and earth.
Order of the planets?
What are terrestrial planets?
What are gas giants?
Why is Pluto not classed as a planet a…
Mercury, Venus, earth,mars, Jupiter, saturn , Uranus,Neptune
The first four planets in the solar system sharing the same c…
The remaining four planets.
Because the definition of planet was changed so it is now cla…
Order of the planets?
Mercury, Venus, earth,mars, Jupiter, saturn , Uranus,Neptune
What are terrestrial planets?
The first four planets in the solar system sharing the same c…
25 terms
module p1 - the earth in the universe - the solar system
what do planets do in ellipses
how many planets are orbiting the sun
what is an ellipses
what are the 4 inner planets
reflect sun light and orbit the sun
8
...
mercury , Venus , earth, and mars
what do planets do in ellipses
reflect sun light and orbit the sun
how many planets are orbiting the sun
8
8 terms
Earth and the Solar System 1a
Lunar
Solar
Orbit
Axis
Something that has to do with the moon
Something that has to do with the sun
The path that an object follows as it travels around space
The invisible line through the middle of the Earth that the E…
Lunar
Something that has to do with the moon
Solar
Something that has to do with the sun
31 terms
Earth in the Solar System
What are Galaxies?
What is the shape of a spiral galaxy?
What is the shape of an elliptical gal…
What is the shape of an irregular gala…
Collection of stars, dust, and gas bound together by gravity.
What are Galaxies?
Collection of stars, dust, and gas bound together by gravity.
What is the shape of a spiral galaxy?
26 terms
Earth and Space The Solar System
Solar System
Heliocentric
Geocentric
Terrestrial
made up of all the planets that orbit our sun
having or representing the sun as the center
description of the cosmos where Earth is at the orbitial cent…
planets that are small and rocky—Mercury, Venus, Earth, and M…
Solar System
made up of all the planets that orbit our sun
Heliocentric
having or representing the sun as the center
10 terms
The Earth and the Solar System
meteoroid
galaxy
mantle
irregular galaxy
This forms when an asteroid collides or breaks up.
This is an enormous system of stars, dust and gas held togeth…
This is one of the layers of the geosphere.
This is a galaxy that has no real shape
meteoroid
This forms when an asteroid collides or breaks up.
galaxy
This is an enormous system of stars, dust and gas held togeth…
18 terms
Earth in the Solar System
Force
gravity
orbit
revolution
a push or a pull exerted on an object in order to change the…
the force of attraction between objects that is due to their…
the path that a body follows as it travels around another bod…
the motion of a body that travels around another body in spac…
Force
a push or a pull exerted on an object in order to change the…
gravity
the force of attraction between objects that is due to their…
5 terms
Earth in the solar system
period of revolution
period of rotation
retrograde rotation
astronomical unit
the time it takes for an object to go around the sun
the time it takes an object to spin around once
the clockwise spin of an object
the average distance between the sun and earth
period of revolution
the time it takes for an object to go around the sun
period of rotation
the time it takes an object to spin around once
9 terms
Earth and the Solar Systems 1a
Orbit
Gravity
Ellipse
Rotation
Go around
Pulls object together
Oval shaped
Spinning
Orbit
Go around
Gravity
Pulls object together
29 terms
Earth and the Solar System
Why can't you feel the Earth moving?
When you can see half of the moon, wha…
What is a full moon?
What is a new moon?
The Earth moves very slowly, steadily, and smoothly through s…
Quarter moon
When you can see the entire moon.
When you cannot see any of the moon lit up.
Why can't you feel the Earth moving?
The Earth moves very slowly, steadily, and smoothly through s…
When you can see half of the moon, wha…
Quarter moon
25 terms
Earth and the solar system
what is the center of our solar system?
earth travels in what orbit?
one complete earth orbit of the sun is…
how long does it take for the auth to…
the sun
elliptical orbit
revolution
365 days
what is the center of our solar system?
the sun
earth travels in what orbit?
elliptical orbit
9 terms
solar system , planets and Earth
Atmosphere
Constellation
Crust
Hydrosphere
The blanket of gasses that surrounds the Earth
Any of the patterns formed by groups of stars in the night sk…
The rocky surface that makes up the top of the lithosphere an…
Earth's water found in continents and oceans, including the f…
Atmosphere
The blanket of gasses that surrounds the Earth
Constellation
Any of the patterns formed by groups of stars in the night sk…
16 terms
Earth in Space: Solar System
What is a Astronomical Unit (AU)?
What is a solar system?
What is a planet?
Name the planets in our solar system f…
The distance between the Earth and the Sun
A star and all the objects bound to the star by gravity
An object that orbits a star, is rounded by its own gravity,…
Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Nep…
What is a Astronomical Unit (AU)?
The distance between the Earth and the Sun
What is a solar system?
A star and all the objects bound to the star by gravity
5 terms
Earth - Movements in the Solar System
axis
rotation
orbit
revolution
an imaginary line through a spinning pbject
one full spin of an object around an axis
the path of an object around another object
the movement of an object around another object
axis
an imaginary line through a spinning pbject
rotation
one full spin of an object around an axis
251 terms
Earth and Solar System
Shape of the Earth
Diameter of Earth
Earth Division
Mantle
Ellipsoid, not perfectly spherical
12,715 km
Crust... Mantle... Core
Consists of iron, magnesium and calcium. Has an upper and low…
Shape of the Earth
Ellipsoid, not perfectly spherical
Diameter of Earth
12,715 km
23 terms
earth and space- the solar system
highlands
jupiter
kuiper
anorthosite
make up most of the moon and all of the back
two and a half times as massive as all other planets, moons,…
belt of comets that mark the far reaches of our solar system
abundant light colored rock on the moon's surface
highlands
make up most of the moon and all of the back
jupiter
two and a half times as massive as all other planets, moons,…
28 terms
Earth Science-Solar System
Universe
Galaxy
Rotation
Revolution
All of space and everything in it.
A huge group of single stars, star systems, star clusters, du…
Circular movement around an axis.
Creating a 3D solid or surface by revolving a 2D shape about…
Universe
All of space and everything in it.
Galaxy
A huge group of single stars, star systems, star clusters, du…
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