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Study sets matching "earth and the solar system stars"

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Study sets matching "earth and the solar system stars"

81 terms
earth science/ electromagnetic energy, stars, solar system
when the earth was formed
wind belt in southern hemisphere
wind belt in northern hemisphere
energy
4.6 billion years ago
Fluids and projectiles undeflected to their left
Fluids and projectiles are deflected to the right
is the ability to do work
when the earth was formed
4.6 billion years ago
wind belt in southern hemisphere
Fluids and projectiles undeflected to their left
47 terms
Science : Stars and the Solar System - Earth Movement
A Star is
Stars shine brightly because
Scientists estimate the number of star…
Physical attributes of stars are color
a huge ball of hot gas.
they produce their own energy.
tens of sextillion.
size and brightness.
A Star is
a huge ball of hot gas.
Stars shine brightly because
they produce their own energy.
110 terms
Stars and the Universe / The Solar System / Earth and Sun
Nebula
Protostar
Red Giant
Size, Color, and Temperature
Stars form from a huge cloud of gases and dust
When the cloud contracts and powerful reactions start to turn…
After billions of years, the hydrogen fuel of a star begin to…
Stars are classified by what three factors?
Nebula
Stars form from a huge cloud of gases and dust
Protostar
When the cloud contracts and powerful reactions start to turn…
34 terms
Solar System/Earth, Moon, Sun/Stars FINAL
The solar systems consists of many typ…
Earth's location
Earth's natural satellite
Water occurs on Earth as a...Why does…
celestial bodies
-3rd planet from the sun... -located between the sun and asteroi…
-Moon
-Solid... -Liquid... -Gas... due to Earth's position in the solar system
The solar systems consists of many typ…
celestial bodies
Earth's location
-3rd planet from the sun... -located between the sun and asteroi…
16 terms
Science: The Solar System and Stars
asteroids
celestial object
comet
planet
Relatively small celestial bodies that move around the sun ma…
An object existing beyond earth's atmosphere.
A celestial body moving about the sun, usually in a oval-shap…
A relatively large object moving around a star.
asteroids
Relatively small celestial bodies that move around the sun ma…
celestial object
An object existing beyond earth's atmosphere.
28 terms
Stars and the Solar System
Nebula
Solar Nebula
Orbit
Rotation
A large cloud of gas and dust in interstellar space where sta…
The cloud of gas and dust that formed OUR solar system.
The path a body follows as it travels around another body in…
The spin of a body on its axis.
Nebula
A large cloud of gas and dust in interstellar space where sta…
Solar Nebula
The cloud of gas and dust that formed OUR solar system.
18 terms
Stars and the Solar System
revolution
star
orbit
constellation
movement of one object around the other
a giant ball of hot, glowing gases that release energy
path an object follows as it revolves around another object
star pattern
revolution
movement of one object around the other
star
a giant ball of hot, glowing gases that release energy
20 terms
Earth, Moon, Sun, Solar System, Stars, and Galaxies Study Guide
A solar eclipse occurs when
Venus has the highest surface temperat…
Astronomers usually measure the distan…
The asteroid belt is located between
the Moon blocks Earth from the Sun.
Venus's atmosphere has thick clouds and carbon dioxide.
kilometers.
Mars and Jupiter.
A solar eclipse occurs when
the Moon blocks Earth from the Sun.
Venus has the highest surface temperat…
Venus's atmosphere has thick clouds and carbon dioxide.
36 terms
Earth Science Units 12: Solar System & Stars, Galaxies and the Universe
black hole
asteroid
Neptune
comet
final stage in the evolution of a large, high mass star, wher…
a piece of rock or metal made up of material similar to that…
eighth planet from the Sun; is large and gaseous, has rings t…
space object made of dust and rock particles mixed with froze…
black hole
final stage in the evolution of a large, high mass star, wher…
asteroid
a piece of rock or metal made up of material similar to that…
15 terms
Solar System and Stars Vocabulary
rotate
revolve
axis
orbit
spinning around an axis
traveling in a closed path
an imaginary line that runs through the center of Earth from…
the path of one object in space around another object
rotate
spinning around an axis
revolve
traveling in a closed path
43 terms
The Solar System, Stars and the Universe
The planet in our solar system that ha…
What is Jupiter's Great Read Spot
Which planet has the hottest surface t…
The diagram shows the solar system. Wh…
Jupiter
A large storm
Venus
Neptune
The planet in our solar system that ha…
Jupiter
What is Jupiter's Great Read Spot
A large storm
28 terms
Solar System and Stars
Best unit when talking about distances…
1 AU
Which planets are less than 1 AU from…
Spiral Galaxy
Astronomical Unit
1 astronomical unit = the distance from Earth to the sun, 150…
Mercury & Venus,
Contains a disk of newly forming stars with arms of old stars
Best unit when talking about distances…
Astronomical Unit
1 AU
1 astronomical unit = the distance from Earth to the sun, 150…
15 terms
ES 2016 Unit 2 (Star, Solar System, Earth and Moon)
Solar wind
Sunspot
Solar flare
Corona
Electrically charged atomic particles that stream out into sp…
Cool, dark area of gas within the photosphere caused by power…
Sudden, violent eruption of electrically charged atomic parti…
Outermost layer of the sun's atmosphere.
Solar wind
Electrically charged atomic particles that stream out into sp…
Sunspot
Cool, dark area of gas within the photosphere caused by power…
28 terms
Stars and Solar System GM
universe
galaxies
Milky Way
orbit
is composed of all galaxies. The solar systems, planets, and…
are groups of billions and billions of stars and solar system…
The galaxy we live in.
is a path that one object takes around another object. Earth…
universe
is composed of all galaxies. The solar systems, planets, and…
galaxies
are groups of billions and billions of stars and solar system…
36 terms
Earth Science: BEYOND EARTH: THE SUN-EARTH-MOON SYSTEM; THE SOLAR SYSTEM; STARS
What are the long trails of ejecta tha…
Why is there no erosion on the Moon?
The sun is over what during the summer…
What type of telescope uses mirrors to…
rays
There is no atmosphere
Tropic of Cancer
Reflecting
What are the long trails of ejecta tha…
rays
Why is there no erosion on the Moon?
There is no atmosphere
20 terms
Earth, Moon, Sun, Solar System, Stars, and Galaxies Study Guide
A solar eclipse occurs when
Venus has the highest surface temperat…
Astronomers usually measure the distan…
The asteroid belt is located between
the Moon blocks Earth from the Sun.
Venus's atmosphere has thick clouds and carbon dioxide.
kilometers.
Mars and Jupiter.
A solar eclipse occurs when
the Moon blocks Earth from the Sun.
Venus has the highest surface temperat…
Venus's atmosphere has thick clouds and carbon dioxide.
The Solar system Stars
Black dwarf
black hole
Galaxy
Light Year
a small star that gives of light
an object created by the collapse of a star its gravitational…
a group of many star and other bodies
The distance light travels in one year
Black dwarf
a small star that gives of light
black hole
an object created by the collapse of a star its gravitational…
8 terms
the solar system - stars
Black dwarf
Black hole
galaxy
light - year
A small star that gives off very little light
An object created by the collapse of a star its gravitational…
A group of many stars and other bodies
The distance light travels in one year (about 5.9 trillion mi…
Black dwarf
A small star that gives off very little light
Black hole
An object created by the collapse of a star its gravitational…
THE SOLAR SYSTEM-STARS
BLACK DWARF
BLACK HOLE
GALAXY
LIGHT YEAR
A SMALL STAR THAT GIVE OFF VERY LITTLE LIGHT
AN OBJECT CREATED BY THE COLLAPSE OF STAR; ITS GRAVITATIONAL…
A GROUP OF MANY STARS AND OTHER BODIES
THE DISTANCE LIGHT TRAVELS IN ONE YEARS [ABOUT 5.9. TRILLION…
BLACK DWARF
A SMALL STAR THAT GIVE OFF VERY LITTLE LIGHT
BLACK HOLE
AN OBJECT CREATED BY THE COLLAPSE OF STAR; ITS GRAVITATIONAL…
36 terms
Earth Science Units 12: Solar System & Stars, Galaxies and the Universe
black hole
asteroid
Neptune
comet
final stage in the evolution of a large, high mass star, wher…
a piece of rock or metal made up of material similar to that…
eighth planet from the Sun; is large and gaseous, has rings t…
space object made of dust and rock particles mixed with froze…
black hole
final stage in the evolution of a large, high mass star, wher…
asteroid
a piece of rock or metal made up of material similar to that…
24 terms
The Solar System and Stars
Planet
Solar System
Planetary Satellite
Newton's Law of Gravitation
A massive object orbiting a star. It contains enough mass tha…
The sun, planets, and their moons, and other objects that are…
Small body of matter that orbits a planet, such as the moon.
The force of gravity between objects depends on their masses…
Planet
A massive object orbiting a star. It contains enough mass tha…
Solar System
The sun, planets, and their moons, and other objects that are…
24 terms
Stars and the Solar System
physical attributes
star
constellation
planet
observable characteristics such as number, size, color, posit…
a ball of hot gases that gives off light and other forms of e…
a group of stars that forms a pattern shaped like an animal,…
a large body in space that moves around a star
physical attributes
observable characteristics such as number, size, color, posit…
star
a ball of hot gases that gives off light and other forms of e…
62 terms
Stars, Sun, and Solar Systems
Atmosphere
Ellipse
Gas Giant
Inner Planet
the layers of gases surrounding a planet, moon, or sun.
a flattened circle
a large planet composed mainly of gas
any of the four planets closest to the Sun (Mercury, Venus, E…
Atmosphere
the layers of gases surrounding a planet, moon, or sun.
Ellipse
a flattened circle
8 terms
The Solar System - Stars
Black Dwarf
Black Hole
Galaxy
Light-Year
A small star that gives off very little light
An object created by a collapse of a star; its gravitational…
A group of many stars and other bodies
The distance of light that travels in one year(About 5.9 tril…
Black Dwarf
A small star that gives off very little light
Black Hole
An object created by a collapse of a star; its gravitational…
8 terms
the solar system stars
black dwarf
black hole
galaxy
light year
a small star that gives off very little light
an object created by the collapse of a star its gravitational…
a group of many stars and other bodies
the distance light travels in one year about 5.9 trillion miles
black dwarf
a small star that gives off very little light
black hole
an object created by the collapse of a star its gravitational…
8 terms
The Solar System - Our Stars
Black Dwarf
Black Hole
Galaxy
Light - Year
"A small star that gives off very little light."
"An object created by the collapse of a star, It's gravitatio…
"a group of many stars and many other bodies."
"The distance light travels in one year ( about 5.9 trillion…
Black Dwarf
"A small star that gives off very little light."
Black Hole
"An object created by the collapse of a star, It's gravitatio…
29 terms
Solar System and Stars Test
Universe Definition
Astronomical unit- How far is it? How…
Light year- How far is it? How does it…
Orbit Definition
Everything that exists including all matter and energy everyw…
About 150 million km. This number came from the distance from…
9.5 trillion km. It compares to it because of the distance th…
The path an object takes to get around another object.
Universe Definition
Everything that exists including all matter and energy everyw…
Astronomical unit- How far is it? How…
About 150 million km. This number came from the distance from…
29 terms
Solar System and Stars Test
Universe Definition
Astronomical unit- How far is it? How…
Light year- How far is it? How does it…
Orbit Definition
Everything that exists including all matter and energy everyw…
About 150 million km. This number came from the distance from…
9.5 trillion km. It compares to it because of the distance th…
The path an object takes to get around another object.
Universe Definition
Everything that exists including all matter and energy everyw…
Astronomical unit- How far is it? How…
About 150 million km. This number came from the distance from…
10 terms
Solar System / Stars and Constellations
Solar System
Planet
Gravity
Inertia
The Sun and all of the objects in orbit around it.
Round objects in space that are satellites of the Sun.
A force of attraction between all objects.
The tendency of a moving object to keep moving in a straight…
Solar System
The Sun and all of the objects in orbit around it.
Planet
Round objects in space that are satellites of the Sun.
12 terms
Science (Stars, Chemistry, chemical Bonding, Solar System, and Earth Formation)
What is a Nebula?
Why does a Nebula contract?
Nuclear Fusion
Proton
A giant cloud of H and He (Hydrogen and Helium)
It contracts due to gravity.
At the core of stars the temperature and pressure are so high…
Location: Middle "Nucleus" (Center) ... Mass: 1 AMU... Charge: Posi…
What is a Nebula?
A giant cloud of H and He (Hydrogen and Helium)
Why does a Nebula contract?
It contracts due to gravity.
100 terms
the moon, the solar system, and stars
chapter 27 - the moon
what are the moon's oldest features?
what is man in the moon pattern produc…
what is a mineral found on the moon an…
lunar highlands
made up of various lunar maria
feldspar, silicates
chapter 27 - the moon
what are the moon's oldest features?
lunar highlands
29 terms
Solar System and Stars Test
Universe Definition
Astronomical unit- How far is it? How…
Light year- How far is it? How does it…
Orbit Definition
Everything that exists including all matter and energy everyw…
About 150 million km. This number came from the distance from…
9.5 trillion km. It compares to it because of the distance th…
The path an object takes to get around another object.
Universe Definition
Everything that exists including all matter and energy everyw…
Astronomical unit- How far is it? How…
About 150 million km. This number came from the distance from…
29 terms
Solar System and Stars Test
Universe Definition
Astronomical unit- How far is it? How…
Light year- How far is it? How does it…
Orbit Definition
Everything that exists including all matter and energy everyw…
About 150 million km. This number came from the distance from…
9.5 trillion km. It compares to it because of the distance th…
The path an object takes to get around another object.
Universe Definition
Everything that exists including all matter and energy everyw…
Astronomical unit- How far is it? How…
About 150 million km. This number came from the distance from…
64 terms
Science Test Ch. 7 & 8: Stars, Formation of Solar System, and Earth
Stars are made up of...
Plasma
3 states matter can exist in...
Plasma is composed of...
Hydrogen, Helium, and Lithium
an electrically charged gas. ... It has a state of matter that…
solid, liquid, and gas
excited molecules, particles, free moving electrons, and ions
Stars are made up of...
Hydrogen, Helium, and Lithium
Plasma
an electrically charged gas. ... It has a state of matter that…
21 terms
Stars and the solar system
Gravity
Weight
Spring tides
Neap tides
The attraction between two objects based upon the mass of eac…
The amount of gravitational force exerted on one object by ei…
The highest high that occur when the sun the moon and earth a…
The lowest tide that occur when the sun and the moon are at r…
Gravity
The attraction between two objects based upon the mass of eac…
Weight
The amount of gravitational force exerted on one object by ei…
35 terms
The Solar System and Stars
solar system
astronomical unit
planet
dwarf planet
the system consisting of the sun and the planets and other ob…
a unit of distance equal to the average distance between the…
an object that orbits a star, is large enough to have become…
an object that orbits the Sun and is spherical but has not cl…
solar system
the system consisting of the sun and the planets and other ob…
astronomical unit
a unit of distance equal to the average distance between the…
39 terms
The Solar System and Stars
solar system
astronomical unit
planet
dwarf planet
the system consisting of the sun and the planets and other ob…
a unit of distance equal to the average distance between the…
an object that orbits a star, is large enough to have become…
an object that orbits the Sun and is spherical but has not cl…
solar system
the system consisting of the sun and the planets and other ob…
astronomical unit
a unit of distance equal to the average distance between the…
27 terms
Stars, Solar system test
inner planet
outer planet
heliocentric
geocentric
Mars, Venus, Earth, Mercury
Jupiter, Saturn, Neptune, Uranus, Pluto
the sun in the center of the solar system with planets revolv…
the earth in the center of the solar system with planets revo…
inner planet
Mars, Venus, Earth, Mercury
outer planet
Jupiter, Saturn, Neptune, Uranus, Pluto
12 terms
Stars and Solar System
constellation
Polaris
star
comet
a star pattern in the sky
the object also known as the North star
a ball of hot gas in the sky
a small, frozen object that orbits the sun
constellation
a star pattern in the sky
Polaris
the object also known as the North star
9 terms
Earth in the Universe (Solar System)
constellation
stars
moon
planet
a group of stars that form a shape and are named
an object in outer space made of hot gases that can be seen i…
earth only natural satellite
a very large object that travels around a star (a ball of roc…
constellation
a group of stars that form a shape and are named
stars
an object in outer space made of hot gases that can be seen i…
12 terms
stars and the solar system
universe
galaxy
planet
revolve
Everything that exists ,including stars, planets, and energy.
A group of gas, dust, and many stars, plus any objects that o…
A body that revolves around a star.
To travel in a closed path around another object.
universe
Everything that exists ,including stars, planets, and energy.
galaxy
A group of gas, dust, and many stars, plus any objects that o…
9 terms
stars and solar system
brightest star
INSAT
venus
largest planet
sirius
artificial satellite
evening star
jupiter
brightest star
sirius
INSAT
artificial satellite
19 terms
Stars and the Solar System Vocab
Artificial satellite
Asteroids
Cassiopeia
Celestial objects
...
...
...
...
Artificial satellite
...
Asteroids
...
39 terms
The Solar System and Stars
solar system
astronomical unit
planet
dwarf planet
the system consisting of the sun and the planets and other ob…
a unit of distance equal to the average distance between the…
an object that orbits a star, is large enough to have become…
an object that orbits the Sun and is spherical but has not cl…
solar system
the system consisting of the sun and the planets and other ob…
astronomical unit
a unit of distance equal to the average distance between the…
32 terms
3C - Earth and Solar System
asteroid
chemical bond
chondrule
comet
Small rocky, icy, and metallic celestial bodies left over fro…
A force of attraction that holds two atoms together.
Small rocky bodies within the meteorites that may represent m…
(astronomy) a relatively small extraterrestrial body consisti…
asteroid
Small rocky, icy, and metallic celestial bodies left over fro…
chemical bond
A force of attraction that holds two atoms together.
The Solar System And Stars
The tail of the comet usually faces
Our sun is one of many stars in the Mi…
The Earth belongs to a group of rocky…
This planet is NOT large and gaseaous
away from the sun
we rely on the Sun's radiant energy on Earth
Mercury-Venus-Earth-Mars
Mercury
The tail of the comet usually faces
away from the sun
Our sun is one of many stars in the Mi…
we rely on the Sun's radiant energy on Earth
15 terms
Stars and Solar system Vocab
Meteor
Meteorite
Meteoriod
Asteroid
a small body of matter from outer space that enters the earth…
a meteor that survives its passage through the earth's atmosp…
a small body moving in the solar system that would become a m…
a small rocky body orbiting the sun. Large numbers of these,…
Meteor
a small body of matter from outer space that enters the earth…
Meteorite
a meteor that survives its passage through the earth's atmosp…
22 terms
Solar System and Stars
Gravitational Pull
Torque
Navigation
Tracking
Earth pulling on you and keeping you on the ground
Forces that causes object to rotate around an axis
Theory or practice of charting a course for ship or aircraft
Pathway or course over which something moves
Gravitational Pull
Earth pulling on you and keeping you on the ground
Torque
Forces that causes object to rotate around an axis
8 terms
Stars and Solar system
Star
Sun
Constellation
Galaxy
A huge ball of superheated gas
A star at the center of the solar system
A pattern of stars that form an imaginary picture or design i…
Huge system of glasses, dust, and many stars
Star
A huge ball of superheated gas
Sun
A star at the center of the solar system
12 terms
Solar system, Universe and Stars
Geocentric
Heliocentric
Solar system
Galaxy
Earth at the centre - Ptolemy's model
Sun at the centre - Copernicus' model
Group of planets that orbit our sun (sol)
Collection of stars
Geocentric
Earth at the centre - Ptolemy's model
Heliocentric
Sun at the centre - Copernicus' model
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