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Study sets matching "earth and the solar system"

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Study sets matching "earth and the solar system"

14 terms
Earth and the Solar System Science
shooting star
part of comet that appears when close…
one complete rotation
one complete revolution
comet passing earth
tail
24 hours
365 days
shooting star
comet passing earth
part of comet that appears when close…
tail
10 terms
Earth and the solar system?
seismic waves
crust
mantle
asthenosphere
vibrations that travel through the earth carrying the energy…
the layer of rock that forms earths outer surface
the layer of hot solid material between earths crust and core
the soft layer of the mantle on which the lithosphere floats.
seismic waves
vibrations that travel through the earth carrying the energy…
crust
the layer of rock that forms earths outer surface
10 terms
Solar System and the Earth Study Guide
Order of the planets
2 things that cause seasons on Earth.
Surface of the Earth
Terrestrial planets
Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune
The tilt of the Earth. The Earth's revolution around the Sun.
Mostly water.
4 inner planets: Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars
Order of the planets
Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune
2 things that cause seasons on Earth.
The tilt of the Earth. The Earth's revolution around the Sun.
solar system and earth
Accretion
atmospere
continental drift
core
The process by which planets form as material orbiting some s…
The mixture of gases surrounding a planet. The composition of…
The idea that the Earth's continents move in relation to each…
The dense center of the Earth, made mostly of iron, and some…
Accretion
The process by which planets form as material orbiting some s…
atmospere
The mixture of gases surrounding a planet. The composition of…
14 terms
earth science: the solar system
aurora
sunspot
CME
jupiter
it is the nothern lights
a darker cooler spot on the sun
coronal mass ejection
biggest planet in our solar system
aurora
it is the nothern lights
sunspot
a darker cooler spot on the sun
23 terms
Earth, Sun, and Solar System
rotation
axis
24
planet
the act of spinning
The Earth rotates on its ___________. This is what causes day…
the amount of hours it takes to complete 1 rotation on its axis
large sphere in space that orbits a star
rotation
the act of spinning
axis
The Earth rotates on its ___________. This is what causes day…
22 terms
Earth, Moon, and Solar System
Outer Planets
Ellipse
Meteoroid
Axis
the four large, gaseous planets farthest from the sun in our…
A flattened circle
A small space rock that orbits the sun
An imaginary line that passes from the North Pole to the Sout…
Outer Planets
the four large, gaseous planets farthest from the sun in our…
Ellipse
A flattened circle
21 terms
Earth Solar System 2
Law of Equal Areas
Red Shift
Blue Shift
Doppler Effect
describes the speed at which an given planet moves through sp…
A shift toward longer wavelengths of the spectral lines emitt…
the displacement of the spectrum to shorter wavelengths in th…
A change in sound frequency caused by motion of the sound sou…
Law of Equal Areas
describes the speed at which an given planet moves through sp…
Red Shift
A shift toward longer wavelengths of the spectral lines emitt…
16 terms
Solar System and Earth formation
Inner core
Outer core
Mantle
Crust
Extremely hot center of earth made of SOLID iron
Hot layer of earth made of MOLTEN liquid nickel and iron
Partially melted layer of earth
Cold, solid exterior of earth
Inner core
Extremely hot center of earth made of SOLID iron
Outer core
Hot layer of earth made of MOLTEN liquid nickel and iron
12 terms
Formation of the Solar System and Earth
Solar Nebular Theory
Nebula
Supernova
Pulsar
hypothesis describes the formation of our solar system from a…
cloud of gas and dust in outer space
star that suddenly increases greatly in brightness because of…
celestial object, thought to be a rapidly rotating neutron st…
Solar Nebular Theory
hypothesis describes the formation of our solar system from a…
Nebula
cloud of gas and dust in outer space
44 terms
THE SOLAR SYSTEM AND THE EARTH
Solar System
Solar
System
Gravitational Attraction or Gravity
-"solar" is simply a word that means "of the Sun."... -a system…
..is simply a word that means "of the Sun."
..is just a collection of objects that interact to form a who…
..force that keep the planets from sailing out into space as…
Solar System
-"solar" is simply a word that means "of the Sun."... -a system…
Solar
..is simply a word that means "of the Sun."
16 terms
The Earth and The Solar System
debris
blaze
binocular
orbit
enkaz (small pieces of something which has been destroyed)
alev,yangın
using two eyes to see: "binocular vision"
a curved path followed by a planet or an object as it moves a…
debris
enkaz (small pieces of something which has been destroyed)
blaze
alev,yangın
earth science: solar system
the planets, moons, and sun are part o…
the sun is the_________ that planets o…
the gases around a planet make up its…
a dark area that appears on the sun is…
solar system
star
atmosphere
sunspot
the planets, moons, and sun are part o…
solar system
the sun is the_________ that planets o…
star
17 terms
Earth Science- Solar System
terrestrial plantet
gas planets
galaxies
What do galaxies look like?
within the, terrestrial planets are inner planets closest to…
the gas giants of our solar system are jupiter, Saturn, Uranu…
Galaxies are systems containing billions of stars
Galaxies looks like hazy pathches with out a telescope
terrestrial plantet
within the, terrestrial planets are inner planets closest to…
gas planets
the gas giants of our solar system are jupiter, Saturn, Uranu…
25 terms
Earth Science: The Solar System
Solar System
Planet
Nebular Hypothesis
Planetesimal
The sun and all of the planets and other bodies that travel a…
A celestial body that orbit the sun, is round because of its…
states that the sun and the planets formed from an original n…
A small body from which a planet originated
Solar System
The sun and all of the planets and other bodies that travel a…
Planet
A celestial body that orbit the sun, is round because of its…
25 terms
the solar system ( earth and space )
maria
kuiper
nebula
triton
smooth lowlands formed from flood basalt on the moon
belt of comets that mark the far reaches of our solar system
this collapsed to form our solar system
moon that rotates in the opposite direction
maria
smooth lowlands formed from flood basalt on the moon
kuiper
belt of comets that mark the far reaches of our solar system
21 terms
Earth Solar System 2
Law of Equal Areas
Red Shift
Blue Shift
Doppler Effect
describes the speed at which an given planet moves through sp…
A shift toward longer wavelengths of the spectral lines emitt…
the displacement of the spectrum to shorter wavelengths in th…
A change in sound frequency caused by motion of the sound sou…
Law of Equal Areas
describes the speed at which an given planet moves through sp…
Red Shift
A shift toward longer wavelengths of the spectral lines emitt…
21 terms
Science: Earth and the Solar System
Apollo 11
asteroid
asteroid belt
astronomical unit (AU)
Name of of the first mission in which people on the surface o…
chunk of rock which orbits the sun in an elliptical path
large collection of asteroids located between Mars and Jupiter
a measure of distance equal to 93 million miles
Apollo 11
Name of of the first mission in which people on the surface o…
asteroid
chunk of rock which orbits the sun in an elliptical path
10 terms
Earth Solar System
Speed of Light (c)
Our natural satellite is
A light year
Order of planets from sun
300 000 km/sec
The moon
The distance between is the distance light would travel in 1…
Sun, Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Ne…
Speed of Light (c)
300 000 km/sec
Our natural satellite is
The moon
25 terms
Earth's Solar System
asteroids
comets
dwarf planets
gas tail
objects smaller than planets with gravity too weak to form a…
a celestial object consisting of a nucleus of ice and dust an…
objects that form a spherical shape due to their own gravity,…
stream out away from a comet, directly away from the sun
asteroids
objects smaller than planets with gravity too weak to form a…
comets
a celestial object consisting of a nucleus of ice and dust an…
31 terms
Earth Science Solar System
Planet
Natural Satellite
Dwarf Planet
Asteroid
An astronomical object orbiting a star massive enough to have…
A celestial body that orbits another body
Similar to a planet but it lacks the strong gravitational field
A rocky, airless celestial body that orbits our sun but its t…
Planet
An astronomical object orbiting a star massive enough to have…
Natural Satellite
A celestial body that orbits another body
Earth and Solar System
Reasons for the Seasons
Sun
What causes day and night
What causes years
Earth orbiting the Sun and the tilt of the Earth's axis
center of the solar system
Earth's rotation (turning on axis)
Earth's revolution (orbiting the Sun)
Reasons for the Seasons
Earth orbiting the Sun and the tilt of the Earth's axis
Sun
center of the solar system
25 terms
solar system and earth
nebula
what are the 3 characteristics of all…
what are the 3 characteristics of all…
what are 3 criteria for determining wh…
from what did our solar system form?
large giants, rings, thick atmsosphere, many moons
few moons, no rings, rocky, small, thin atmosphere
must orbit the sun... must have spherical (ball-like) shape... must…
nebula
from what did our solar system form?
what are the 3 characteristics of all…
large giants, rings, thick atmsosphere, many moons
6 terms
Geography: the solar system/ earth
The solar system consists of the sun ,…
The planets orbit around the sun
The sun is a huge ball of extremely ho…
Solar energy
What does the solar system conists of?
What do the planets orbit around
What is the sun made of?
What gives the earth heat and light?
The solar system consists of the sun ,…
What does the solar system conists of?
The planets orbit around the sun
What do the planets orbit around
8 terms
Earth Science - Solar System
empty
gas
universe
lack
no place in space is truly
outer space is full of low-density ____ molecules
the ________ includes - stars, planets, galaxies, plant, anim…
_______ of oxygen and pressure
empty
no place in space is truly
gas
outer space is full of low-density ____ molecules
11 terms
Earths solar system
what are galaxies?
spiral
elliptical
what is the name and shape of our gala…
Galaxies are clusters of billions of stars, dust, and gas tha…
milky way galaxy, and spiral galaxy
what are galaxies?
Galaxies are clusters of billions of stars, dust, and gas tha…
spiral
9 terms
Earth in the Solar System
Earth completes one rotation in ____
Summer occurs in hemisphere pointed __…
Winter occurs in hemisphere pointed __…
Equinox
24 hours
towards the sun
away from the sun
when the North Pole is pointing neither directly toward not d…
Earth completes one rotation in ____
24 hours
Summer occurs in hemisphere pointed __…
towards the sun
25 terms
Earth and Solar system MC
Sun
Elliptical orbit
Revolution
365 days
Center of the solar system
Path of earth
Completed orbit of earth around sun
One revolution
Sun
Center of the solar system
Elliptical orbit
Path of earth
21 terms
Earth, Sun, and Solar System
Rotation
Axis
24 hours
Planet
The act of spinning
the Earth rotates on its
to complete 1 rotations on its axis
is a large sphere in space that orbits a star
Rotation
The act of spinning
Axis
the Earth rotates on its
37 terms
Earth Science: Solar System
When the earth is centered around ever…
___ is when the sun is the center, and…
In the early observations of the unive…
the thought that the solar system was…
geocentric
heliocentric
celestial objects
" the Golden Age of Astronomy"
When the earth is centered around ever…
geocentric
___ is when the sun is the center, and…
heliocentric
60 terms
4th grade earth and solar system
What makes up our Solar System?
What are asteroids?
What are meteoroids?
What are comets?
The Sun, 8 planets, moons, asteroids, and all other objects t…
lumps of rock a miles across
smaller chunks of metal or rock
frozen ball of ice, gas, and rock
What makes up our Solar System?
The Sun, 8 planets, moons, asteroids, and all other objects t…
What are asteroids?
lumps of rock a miles across
30 terms
The Solar System Ch. 24 Earth Science
Solar System
Nicholas Copernicus
Mercury
Venus
Made up of eight planets, including Earth, and many smaller o…
Developed the Sun-centered model of the solar system.
Closest planet to the Sun, surface has many craters and high…
Similar to Earth in size and mass, has a think atmosphere mad…
Solar System
Made up of eight planets, including Earth, and many smaller o…
Nicholas Copernicus
Developed the Sun-centered model of the solar system.
22 terms
earth science solar systems
What is the relationship between latit…
as latitude increases
as the angle of the sun increases
the seasons are caused by
as one increases the other one decreases
temperature decreases
temperature increases
the earths axis and the revolution around the sun
What is the relationship between latit…
as one increases the other one decreases
as latitude increases
temperature decreases
21 terms
Earth Solar System 2
Law of Equal Areas
Red Shift
Blue Shift
Doppler Effect
describes the speed at which an given planet moves through sp…
A shift toward longer wavelengths of the spectral lines emitt…
the displacement of the spectrum to shorter wavelengths in th…
A change in sound frequency caused by motion of the sound sou…
Law of Equal Areas
describes the speed at which an given planet moves through sp…
Red Shift
A shift toward longer wavelengths of the spectral lines emitt…
8 terms
The Solar System, Orbit of Earth
What is the Sun's satellite?
What is Earth's satellite?
What is Earth's axial tilt?
What is the Earth's average distance f…
Planet Earth
The moon
23.5 Degrees
93 million miles
What is the Sun's satellite?
Planet Earth
What is Earth's satellite?
The moon
24 terms
Earth and solar system
proof of big bang
Expansion rate of universe
Elements at start
Why higher rates of H and He?
expanding universe, red shift is how we know
very fast at first (all energy), then slower (make matter),
Helium and hydrogen
they are what everything was made of at start
proof of big bang
expanding universe, red shift is how we know
Expansion rate of universe
very fast at first (all energy), then slower (make matter),
35 terms
Ⓔⓐⓡⓣⓗ ⓐⓝⓓ ⓣⓗⓔ Ⓢⓞⓛⓐⓡ Ⓢⓨⓢⓣⓔⓜ
ᑎEᗷᑌᒪᗩ
ᑕEᒪEᔕTIᗩᒪ ᗷOᗪY
3 ᑕᖇITEᖇIᗩ TO ᗷE ᑕOᑎᔕIᗪEᖇEᗪ ᗩ ᑭᒪᗩᑎET
ᗪᗯᗩᖇᖴ ᑭᒪᗩᑎET
ᗩ ᔕᑭIᑎᑎIᑎG ᑕᒪOᑌᗪ Oᖴ ᗪᑌᔕT ᗩᑎᗪ Gᗩᔕ ᖴᒪOᗩTIᑎG Iᑎ OᑌTEᖇ ᔕᑭᗩᑕE
ᗩ ᑎY ᑎᗩTᑌᖇᗩᒪ ᗷOᗪY OᑌTᔕIᗪE Oᖴ EᗩᖇTᕼ'ᔕ ᗩTᗰOᔕᑭᕼEᖇE
TᕼE OᗷᒍEᑕT ᑎEEᗪᔕ TO OᖇᗷIT ᗩ ᔕTᗩᖇ... TᕼE OᗷᒍEᑕT ᑎEEᗪᔕ TO ᕼᗩᐯE Eᑎ…
ᗩᑎ OᗷᒍEᑕT TᕼᗩT OᑎᒪY ᗰEETᔕ 2 Oᖴ TᕼE TᕼᖇEE ᑕᖇITEᖇIᗩ TO ᗷE ᗩ ᑭᒪᗩ…
ᑎEᗷᑌᒪᗩ
ᗩ ᔕᑭIᑎᑎIᑎG ᑕᒪOᑌᗪ Oᖴ ᗪᑌᔕT ᗩᑎᗪ Gᗩᔕ ᖴᒪOᗩTIᑎG Iᑎ OᑌTEᖇ ᔕᑭᗩᑕE
ᑕEᒪEᔕTIᗩᒪ ᗷOᗪY
ᗩ ᑎY ᑎᗩTᑌᖇᗩᒪ ᗷOᗪY OᑌTᔕIᗪE Oᖴ EᗩᖇTᕼ'ᔕ ᗩTᗰOᔕᑭᕼEᖇE
30 terms
Solar System and Earth Materials
crust
mantle
Outer Core
lithosphere
the thin and solid outmost layer of the earth above the mantle
the layer of rock between the earths crust and core
the liquid outer shell of the core
the solid outer layer of the earth that consist of the crust…
crust
the thin and solid outmost layer of the earth above the mantle
mantle
the layer of rock between the earths crust and core
34 terms
Earth Science // The Solar System
Core
Photosphere
Chromosphere
Corona
Where nuclear fusion occurs and where energy is produced.
Surface of the sun
Lower atmosphere of the sun
Outer atmosphere of the sun and only visible during total sol…
Core
Where nuclear fusion occurs and where energy is produced.
Photosphere
Surface of the sun
30 terms
Science Earth and the Solar System
What does it mean a for a planet to ro…
What does it mean for a planet to revo…
What is the relationship between the E…
How do the planet's stay in their orbi…
How long it takes for the planet to have a full day
How long it takes the planet to revolve around the Sun
The Earth and Moon orbit around their common centre of mass
Gravity
What does it mean a for a planet to ro…
How long it takes for the planet to have a full day
What does it mean for a planet to revo…
How long it takes the planet to revolve around the Sun
10 terms
Geography the solar system/earth
The planet _____ around the sun
There are how many planets
Name planets in order
In what year did scientists name Pluto…
Orbit (rotate around)
8
Mercury... Venus... Earth... Mars... Jupiter... Saturn... Uranus ... Neptune
2006
The planet _____ around the sun
Orbit (rotate around)
There are how many planets
8
13 terms
Earth science solar system
My very energetic mother just served u…
Kepplers first law: law of ellipses
Kepplers second law law of equal area
Kepler's third law law of periods
Acronym for planet order
states that planets travel in elliptical orbits around the sun
Describes the speed objects travel at a different speed in or…
States the period of time it takes a planet to orbit the sun
My very energetic mother just served u…
Acronym for planet order
Kepplers first law: law of ellipses
states that planets travel in elliptical orbits around the sun
Earth & The Solar System
What galaxy is our solar system in?
The Earth travels in an oval shaped pa…
As the Earth travels around the sun, i…
How long does it take the Earth to tra…
Milky Way
Orbit
Axis
365.25 Days
What galaxy is our solar system in?
Milky Way
The Earth travels in an oval shaped pa…
Orbit
37 terms
Earth's Place in the Solar System
Phases of the moon
Waxing
Waning
Tides
The portion of the moon as seen from Earth, that is illuminat…
Lit portion of the moon is increases.
Lit portion of the moon is decreasing.
The cyclic rising and falling of ocean water due to gravitati…
Phases of the moon
The portion of the moon as seen from Earth, that is illuminat…
Waxing
Lit portion of the moon is increases.
21 terms
Galaxy-solar system Earth
scientific method
hypothesis
theory
law
-make an observation... -do backgraound research... -formulate a hy…
educated guess
hypothesis that has been supported with repeated testing... -val…
a law generalizes a body of observations. At the time it is m…
scientific method
-make an observation... -do backgraound research... -formulate a hy…
hypothesis
educated guess
21 terms
Solar system earth science
Terrestrial planets
Jovian planets
Nebula
Nebular theory
(Mercury, venus, earth, mars) relatively small and rocky plan…
(Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune) huge gas giants/ outer pla…
A cloud of dust and gas in space
Theory that the sun and planets formed from a rotating disk o…
Terrestrial planets
(Mercury, venus, earth, mars) relatively small and rocky plan…
Jovian planets
(Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune) huge gas giants/ outer pla…
17 terms
Earth Sciences-Solar System
solar system
planet
star
orbit
The planet Earth, the Moon, the Sun and seven other planets a…
A large body orbiting a star. A celestial body.
A huge gas sphere that radiates light.
To travel in a curved path around something.
solar system
The planet Earth, the Moon, the Sun and seven other planets a…
planet
A large body orbiting a star. A celestial body.
21 terms
Earth Solar System 2
Law of Equal Areas
Red Shift
Blue Shift
Doppler Effect
describes the speed at which an given planet moves through sp…
A shift toward longer wavelengths of the spectral lines emitt…
the displacement of the spectrum to shorter wavelengths in th…
A change in sound frequency caused by motion of the sound sou…
Law of Equal Areas
describes the speed at which an given planet moves through sp…
Red Shift
A shift toward longer wavelengths of the spectral lines emitt…
11 terms
Earth's Solar System
Moon size
Earth size
Tritan
Moon view
large relative to host planet (Earth)
largest of four terrestrial planets; close in size to Venus
largest moon of Neptune; captured hyperbelt object
only can see far side
Moon size
large relative to host planet (Earth)
Earth size
largest of four terrestrial planets; close in size to Venus
12 terms
Our Solar System & Earth
Accretion
Atmosphere
Continental Drift
core
The process by which planets form as material orbiting some s…
The mixture of gases surrounding a planet. The composition of…
The idea that the Earth's continents move in relation to each…
The dense center of the Earth, made mostly of iron, and some…
Accretion
The process by which planets form as material orbiting some s…
Atmosphere
The mixture of gases surrounding a planet. The composition of…
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