Study sets matching "earth and the solar system"

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Study sets matching "earth and the solar system"

21 terms
Earth Solar System 2
Law of Equal Areas
Red Shift
Blue Shift
Doppler Effect
describes the speed at which an given planet moves through sp…
A shift toward longer wavelengths of the spectral lines emitt…
the displacement of the spectrum to shorter wavelengths in th…
A change in sound frequency caused by motion of the sound sou…
Law of Equal Areas
describes the speed at which an given planet moves through sp…
Red Shift
A shift toward longer wavelengths of the spectral lines emitt…
10 terms
The Earth- Solar System and Plate Tectonics
Solar System
Solar energy
Earth's crust
Earth's mantle
the collection of eight planets and their moons in orbit arou…
energy from the sun
The solid, outer player of earth
The 2nd layer made of molten rock (thickest part of earth)
Solar System
the collection of eight planets and their moons in orbit arou…
Solar energy
energy from the sun
The Earth and the Solar System
meteoroid
galaxy
mantle
irregular galaxy
This forms when an asteroid collides or breaks up.
This is an enormous system of stars, dust and gas held togeth…
This is one of the layers of the geosphere.
This is a galaxy that has no real shape
meteoroid
This forms when an asteroid collides or breaks up.
galaxy
This is an enormous system of stars, dust and gas held togeth…
27 terms
Earth and Space: Solar System
What is apparent magnitude?
What is absolute magnitude?
If a star has a low magnitude number,…
What is the biggest star in the sky be…
Appears to an observer on Earth ... How bright a star appears
Actually is if the distance from Earth was not a factor... The a…
Bright
Sirius
What is apparent magnitude?
Appears to an observer on Earth ... How bright a star appears
What is absolute magnitude?
Actually is if the distance from Earth was not a factor... The a…
Formation of the Solar System and Earth
Solar Nebular Theory
Nebula
Supernova
Pulsar
hypothesis describes the formation of our solar system from a…
cloud of gas and dust in outer space
star that suddenly increases greatly in brightness because of…
celestial object, thought to be a rapidly rotating neutron st…
Solar Nebular Theory
hypothesis describes the formation of our solar system from a…
Nebula
cloud of gas and dust in outer space
Earth in the Solar System
What are Galaxies?
What is the shape of a spiral galaxy?
What is the shape of an elliptical gal…
What is the shape of an irregular gala…
Collection of stars, dust, and gas bound together by gravity.
What are Galaxies?
Collection of stars, dust, and gas bound together by gravity.
What is the shape of a spiral galaxy?
25 terms
Earth and the solar system
Sun
Elliptical
Revolution
365 days
The center of our solar system
Orbit the earth travels in
One complete earth orbit of the sun
How long it takes for the earth to orbit the sun
Sun
The center of our solar system
Elliptical
Orbit the earth travels in
27 terms
Solar System and Earth Materials
Using a lamp, a ping-pong ball, and a…
What motion of the earth causes the su…
how do all planets, the moon, and star…
what is primarily responsible for the…
The lamp represents sunlight, the baseball (earth) should rev…
rotation
starting east on the horizon, getting higher, then setting in…
earth's tilt on axis
Using a lamp, a ping-pong ball, and a…
The lamp represents sunlight, the baseball (earth) should rev…
What motion of the earth causes the su…
rotation
12 terms
Earth and the Solar System 1a
orbit
gravity
mercury
ellipses
The path an object takes in space when it goes around another…
A force that keeps objects in an orbit
The planet that will have the fastest orbit
The shape of an orbit
orbit
The path an object takes in space when it goes around another…
gravity
A force that keeps objects in an orbit
Earth Science: Planets of the Solar System
density
Inner planets
Outer planets
Orbital period
How compact, or crowded, are the particles that make up ... matt…
Denser planets with no rings that are mainly constructed of s…
Planets mainly composed of hydrogen and helium that tend to b…
One complete circle around the Sun, which is equal to 1-... year.
density
How compact, or crowded, are the particles that make up ... matt…
Inner planets
Denser planets with no rings that are mainly constructed of s…
17 terms
Earth Science- Solar System
terrestrial plantet
gas planets
galaxies
What do galaxies look like?
within the, terrestrial planets are inner planets closest to…
the gas giants of our solar system are jupiter, Saturn, Uranu…
Galaxies are systems containing billions of stars
Galaxies looks like hazy pathches with out a telescope
terrestrial plantet
within the, terrestrial planets are inner planets closest to…
gas planets
the gas giants of our solar system are jupiter, Saturn, Uranu…
Earth and the Solar system
Ingredients for creating the solar sys…
Goldilocks conditions for creating the…
Molecule
Why molecules are important
New chemical elements, clouds of chemically rich matter and n…
Gravity, accretion and random collisions
A group of atoms bonded together
Different molecules combine together = a different bond
Ingredients for creating the solar sys…
New chemical elements, clouds of chemically rich matter and n…
Goldilocks conditions for creating the…
Gravity, accretion and random collisions
the solar system ( earth and space )
maria
kuiper
nebula
triton
smooth lowlands formed from flood basalt on the moon
belt of comets that mark the far reaches of our solar system
this collapsed to form our solar system
moon that rotates in the opposite direction
maria
smooth lowlands formed from flood basalt on the moon
kuiper
belt of comets that mark the far reaches of our solar system
21 terms
Science: Earth and the Solar System
Apollo 11
asteroid
asteroid belt
astronomical unit (AU)
Name of of the first mission in which people on the surface o…
chunk of rock which orbits the sun in an elliptical path
large collection of asteroids located between Mars and Jupiter
a measure of distance equal to 93 million miles
Apollo 11
Name of of the first mission in which people on the surface o…
asteroid
chunk of rock which orbits the sun in an elliptical path
earth science: solar system
the planets, moons, and sun are part o…
the sun is the_________ that planets o…
the gases around a planet make up its…
a dark area that appears on the sun is…
solar system
star
atmosphere
sunspot
the planets, moons, and sun are part o…
solar system
the sun is the_________ that planets o…
star
14 terms
Earth and the Solar System Science
shooting star
part of comet that appears when close…
one complete rotation
one complete revolution
comet passing earth
tail
24 hours
365 days
shooting star
comet passing earth
part of comet that appears when close…
tail
solar system and earth
Accretion
atmospere
continental drift
core
The process by which planets form as material orbiting some s…
The mixture of gases surrounding a planet. The composition of…
The idea that the Earth's continents move in relation to each…
The dense center of the Earth, made mostly of iron, and some…
Accretion
The process by which planets form as material orbiting some s…
atmospere
The mixture of gases surrounding a planet. The composition of…
60 terms
4th grade earth and solar system
What makes up our Solar System?
What are asteroids?
What are meteoroids?
What are comets?
The Sun, 8 planets, moons, asteroids, and all other objects t…
lumps of rock a miles across
smaller chunks of metal or rock
frozen ball of ice, gas, and rock
What makes up our Solar System?
The Sun, 8 planets, moons, asteroids, and all other objects t…
What are asteroids?
lumps of rock a miles across
6 terms
Earth in the Solar System
Solar system
Mass
The Eight Planets of the Solar system
Inner planets
Consist of the sun , a star , the planets; their satellites o…
Amounts of matter in the solar system, and all the other cele…
In order from the sun Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, S…
Mercury, Venus, Earth and Mars because they are relatively cl…
Solar system
Consist of the sun , a star , the planets; their satellites o…
Mass
Amounts of matter in the solar system, and all the other cele…
Earth in the Solar System Vocab
equinox
gravity
lunar eclipse
lunar phase
the time or date (twice each year) at which the sun crosses t…
the force that attracts a body towards the center of the eart…
an eclipse in which the moon appears darkened as it passes in…
a time when the moon presents a particular recurring appearance
equinox
the time or date (twice each year) at which the sun crosses t…
gravity
the force that attracts a body towards the center of the eart…
6 terms
Earth & Space: The Solar System
Telescopes
Functions of a Telescope
Jovian Planets
Terrestrial Planets
Span the entire length of the electromagnetic spectrum. ... Shor…
Light-gathering power-Able to see... Resolving Power- Detail of…
Larger and primarily made up of gas, they include Jupiter, Sa…
Smaller and primarily composed of rock and metal, they includ…
Telescopes
Span the entire length of the electromagnetic spectrum. ... Shor…
Functions of a Telescope
Light-gathering power-Able to see... Resolving Power- Detail of…
Earth and solar system 1a
Moon phase
Lunar
Orbit
Axis
The changing appearances of the Moon as seen from Earth
Something that has to do with the Moon
The path that an object follows as it travels around another…
The invisible line through the middle of the Earth that the E…
Moon phase
The changing appearances of the Moon as seen from Earth
Lunar
Something that has to do with the Moon
The Solar System Ch. 24 Earth Science
Solar System
Nicholas Copernicus
Mercury
Venus
Made up of eight planets, including Earth, and many smaller o…
Developed the Sun-centered model of the solar system.
Closest planet to the Sun, surface has many craters and high…
Similar to Earth in size and mass, has a think atmosphere mad…
Solar System
Made up of eight planets, including Earth, and many smaller o…
Nicholas Copernicus
Developed the Sun-centered model of the solar system.
earth science: the solar system
aurora
sunspot
CME
jupiter
it is the nothern lights
a darker cooler spot on the sun
coronal mass ejection
biggest planet in our solar system
aurora
it is the nothern lights
sunspot
a darker cooler spot on the sun
23 terms
Earth, Sun, and Solar System
rotation
axis
24
planet
the act of spinning
The Earth rotates on its ___________. This is what causes day…
the amount of hours it takes to complete 1 rotation on its axis
large sphere in space that orbits a star
rotation
the act of spinning
axis
The Earth rotates on its ___________. This is what causes day…
Earth in the Solar System
Earth completes one rotation in ____
Summer occurs in hemisphere pointed __…
Winter occurs in hemisphere pointed __…
Equinox
24 hours
towards the sun
away from the sun
when the North Pole is pointing neither directly toward not d…
Earth completes one rotation in ____
24 hours
Summer occurs in hemisphere pointed __…
towards the sun
25 terms
Earth and Solar system MC
Sun
Elliptical orbit
Revolution
365 days
Center of the solar system
Path of earth
Completed orbit of earth around sun
One revolution
Sun
Center of the solar system
Elliptical orbit
Path of earth
21 terms
Earth, Sun, and Solar System
Rotation
Axis
24 hours
Planet
The act of spinning
the Earth rotates on its
to complete 1 rotations on its axis
is a large sphere in space that orbits a star
Rotation
The act of spinning
Axis
the Earth rotates on its
22 terms
Earth, Moon, and Solar System
Outer Planets
Ellipse
Meteoroid
Axis
the four large, gaseous planets farthest from the sun in our…
A flattened circle
A small space rock that orbits the sun
An imaginary line that passes from the North Pole to the Sout…
Outer Planets
the four large, gaseous planets farthest from the sun in our…
Ellipse
A flattened circle
Earth Science: Solar System
When the earth is centered around ever…
___ is when the sun is the center, and…
In the early observations of the unive…
the thought that the solar system was…
geocentric
heliocentric
celestial objects
" the Golden Age of Astronomy"
When the earth is centered around ever…
geocentric
___ is when the sun is the center, and…
heliocentric
The earth in the solar system
solar system
largest planet
smallest planet
Earth's position
made up of the sun, nine planets, several moons and an astero…
Jupiter
Pluto
third from the sun
solar system
made up of the sun, nine planets, several moons and an astero…
largest planet
Jupiter
24 terms
Earth and solar system
proof of big bang
Expansion rate of universe
Elements at start
Why higher rates of H and He?
expanding universe, red shift is how we know
very fast at first (all energy), then slower (make matter),
Helium and hydrogen
they are what everything was made of at start
proof of big bang
expanding universe, red shift is how we know
Expansion rate of universe
very fast at first (all energy), then slower (make matter),
34 terms
Earth Science // The Solar System
Core
Photosphere
Chromosphere
Corona
Where nuclear fusion occurs and where energy is produced.
Surface of the sun
Lower atmosphere of the sun
Outer atmosphere of the sun and only visible during total sol…
Core
Where nuclear fusion occurs and where energy is produced.
Photosphere
Surface of the sun
Formation of the Earth and Solar System
What is the evidence that the universe…
What is the age of the universe?
How old is the Earth? How do we know t…
Describe the formation of the Earth (a…
...
...
...
...
What is the evidence that the universe…
...
What is the age of the universe?
...
30 terms
Science Earth and the Solar System
What does it mean a for a planet to ro…
What does it mean for a planet to revo…
What is the relationship between the E…
How do the planet's stay in their orbi…
How long it takes for the planet to have a full day
How long it takes the planet to revolve around the Sun
The Earth and Moon orbit around their common centre of mass
Gravity
What does it mean a for a planet to ro…
How long it takes for the planet to have a full day
What does it mean for a planet to revo…
How long it takes the planet to revolve around the Sun
21 terms
Earth Solar System 2
Law of Equal Areas
Red Shift
Blue Shift
Doppler Effect
describes the speed at which an given planet moves through sp…
A shift toward longer wavelengths of the spectral lines emitt…
the displacement of the spectrum to shorter wavelengths in th…
A change in sound frequency caused by motion of the sound sou…
Law of Equal Areas
describes the speed at which an given planet moves through sp…
Red Shift
A shift toward longer wavelengths of the spectral lines emitt…
16 terms
Earth in Space: Solar System
What is a Astronomical Unit (AU)?
What is a solar system?
What is a planet?
Name the planets in our solar system f…
The distance between the Earth and the Sun
A star and all the objects bound to the star by gravity
An object that orbits a star, is rounded by its own gravity,…
Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Nep…
What is a Astronomical Unit (AU)?
The distance between the Earth and the Sun
What is a solar system?
A star and all the objects bound to the star by gravity
Earth in the Solar System-GED
Solar Systems consists of:
Inner planets
Outer planets
The moon revolves around Earth once ev…
Sun, Planets, satellites, asteroids, and comets.
They are relatively close to the sun: Mercury, Venus, Earth,…
They great distance from the sun: Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and…
27 days
Solar Systems consists of:
Sun, Planets, satellites, asteroids, and comets.
Inner planets
They are relatively close to the sun: Mercury, Venus, Earth,…
30 terms
Solar System and Earth Materials
crust
mantle
Outer Core
lithosphere
the thin and solid outmost layer of the earth above the mantle
the layer of rock between the earths crust and core
the liquid outer shell of the core
the solid outer layer of the earth that consist of the crust…
crust
the thin and solid outmost layer of the earth above the mantle
mantle
the layer of rock between the earths crust and core
25 terms
Earth Science: The Solar System
Solar System
Planet
Nebular Hypothesis
Planetesimal
The sun and all of the planets and other bodies that travel a…
A celestial body that orbit the sun, is round because of its…
states that the sun and the planets formed from an original n…
A small body from which a planet originated
Solar System
The sun and all of the planets and other bodies that travel a…
Planet
A celestial body that orbit the sun, is round because of its…
Earth & The Solar System
What galaxy is our solar system in?
The Earth travels in an oval shaped pa…
As the Earth travels around the sun, i…
How long does it take the Earth to tra…
Milky Way
Orbit
Axis
365.25 Days
What galaxy is our solar system in?
Milky Way
The Earth travels in an oval shaped pa…
Orbit
solar system and earth
nebula
what are the 3 characteristics of all…
what are the 3 characteristics of all…
what are 3 criteria for determining wh…
from what did our solar system form?
large giants, rings, thick atmsosphere, many moons
few moons, no rings, rocky, small, thin atmosphere
must orbit the sun... must have spherical (ball-like) shape... must…
nebula
from what did our solar system form?
what are the 3 characteristics of all…
large giants, rings, thick atmsosphere, many moons
Earth and solar system 1b
What object is located at the center o…
In the 1500s, Nicolaus Copernicus prop…
A(n) __________ is a smaller object in…
Kevin is observing the sky on a clear…
The sun
The Sun is at the center of the solar system.
asteroid
It reflects the most sunlight toward Earth.
What object is located at the center o…
The sun
In the 1500s, Nicolaus Copernicus prop…
The Sun is at the center of the solar system.
Solar System/Earth
Solar System
Earth
Tectonic Plates
Oceanic crust
Every planet past mars is a gas planet, mercury, venus, earth…
- third planet from the sun... - has a solid iron core... - as the…
- they are always moving... - this creates volcanoes, mountains,…
- located beneath deep oceans... - very thin, between 5 and 8km…
Solar System
Every planet past mars is a gas planet, mercury, venus, earth…
Earth
- third planet from the sun... - has a solid iron core... - as the…
Earth and the Solar System
Solstices
Equinox
Lithosphere
Atmosphere
Each occur around the dates of December 21 and June 21. Here…
The sun strikes the equator for 12 hours of sunlight in each…
the solid crust of Earth, which includes land and soil.
An envelope of gases that surround the Earth. The atmosphere…
Solstices
Each occur around the dates of December 21 and June 21. Here…
Equinox
The sun strikes the equator for 12 hours of sunlight in each…
42 terms
Solar System and the Earth/Moon System Test
Ecliptic
Astronomical Unit
Plutoid
Terrestrial Planets
The plane that contains Earth's orbit around the Sun
The distance from the Earth to the Sun
A type of dwarf planet that has an orbit beyond Neptune
The four inner planets: Mercury, Venus, Earth, and Mars
Ecliptic
The plane that contains Earth's orbit around the Sun
Astronomical Unit
The distance from the Earth to the Sun
Galaxy-solar system Earth
scientific method
hypothesis
theory
law
-make an observation... -do backgraound research... -formulate a hy…
educated guess
hypothesis that has been supported with repeated testing... -val…
a law generalizes a body of observations. At the time it is m…
scientific method
-make an observation... -do backgraound research... -formulate a hy…
hypothesis
educated guess
Earth Science - Solar System
empty
gas
universe
lack
no place in space is truly
outer space is full of low-density ____ molecules
the ________ includes - stars, planets, galaxies, plant, anim…
_______ of oxygen and pressure
empty
no place in space is truly
gas
outer space is full of low-density ____ molecules
21 terms
Solar system earth science
Terrestrial planets
Jovian planets
Nebula
Nebular theory
(Mercury, venus, earth, mars) relatively small and rocky plan…
(Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune) huge gas giants/ outer pla…
A cloud of dust and gas in space
Theory that the sun and planets formed from a rotating disk o…
Terrestrial planets
(Mercury, venus, earth, mars) relatively small and rocky plan…
Jovian planets
(Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune) huge gas giants/ outer pla…
25 terms
Earth's Solar System
asteroids
comets
dwarf planets
gas tail
objects smaller than planets with gravity too weak to form a…
a celestial object consisting of a nucleus of ice and dust an…
objects that form a spherical shape due to their own gravity,…
stream out away from a comet, directly away from the sun
asteroids
objects smaller than planets with gravity too weak to form a…
comets
a celestial object consisting of a nucleus of ice and dust an…
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