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Study sets matching "earth chapter 5"

41 terms
Earth Science Chapter 5 Review
Mechanical Weathering
Frost Wedging
Unloading
Root wedging
Forces that break apart rock and soil particles
Form of mechanical weathering that occurs primarily at mid la…
Exfoliation plates form from pressure being released from und…
Biological activity caused by continual pressure of a plant's…
Mechanical Weathering
Forces that break apart rock and soil particles
Frost Wedging
Form of mechanical weathering that occurs primarily at mid la…
23 terms
Earth-Chapter 5
Natural Resource
Renewable Resource
Non-renewable Resource
Recycling
Any natural substance, organism, or energy form that living t…
A natural resource that can be replaced at the same rate at w…
A resource that can't be replaced or can be replaced only ove…
Convert waste into reusable material.
Natural Resource
Any natural substance, organism, or energy form that living t…
Renewable Resource
A natural resource that can be replaced at the same rate at w…
19 terms
Earth Science Chapter 5: Weathering, Soil, and Mass Movements
Mechanical weathering
Frost wedging
Talus
Exfoliation
the physical disintegration of rock, resulting in smaller fra…
the mechanical breakup of rock caused by the expansion of fre…
an accumulation of rock debris at the base of a cliff
type of weathering caused by reducing pressure on a rock surf…
Mechanical weathering
the physical disintegration of rock, resulting in smaller fra…
Frost wedging
the mechanical breakup of rock caused by the expansion of fre…
18 terms
Holt Earth Science Chapter 5
Natural Resource
Renewable Resource
Nonrenewable Resource
Recycling
Material from nature that humans use to make energy
Natural resource that can be replaced quickly
Resources that cannot be easily or quickly replaced
Recovering valuable materials from waste -- reusing it in a n…
Natural Resource
Material from nature that humans use to make energy
Renewable Resource
Natural resource that can be replaced quickly
19 terms
Earth Science Chapter 5
mechanical weathering
frost wedging
talus
exfoliation
The type of weathering in which rock is physically broken int…
The mechanical breakup of rock caused by the expansion of fre…
An accumulation of rock debris at the base of a cliff
A mechanical weathering process which removes protuding overl…
mechanical weathering
The type of weathering in which rock is physically broken int…
frost wedging
The mechanical breakup of rock caused by the expansion of fre…
21 terms
Mr. Kendall Earth Science Chapter 5
Nonrenewable Energy Resource
Renewable Energy Resource
Fossil Fuel
Coal
A resource that takes a long time to remake/replace
A resource that can be replaced in a short amount of time
Coal, oil, natural gas, and other fuels that are ancient rema…
A rock that contains at least 50% land plant remains - nonren…
Nonrenewable Energy Resource
A resource that takes a long time to remake/replace
Renewable Energy Resource
A resource that can be replaced in a short amount of time
13 terms
Earth Science (Chapter 5)
Plate
Fault
Earthquake
Lava
a large section of earth's crust and outer mantle that slowly…
a crack in the Earth's crust where slabs of rock can slip pas…
the shaking of the ground usually caused by movement of earth…
melted rock that flows from a volcano onto earth's surface
Plate
a large section of earth's crust and outer mantle that slowly…
Fault
a crack in the Earth's crust where slabs of rock can slip pas…
19 terms
Earth Science-Chapter 5
Natural Resource
Renewable Resources
Non-renewable Resources
Recycling
Materials found in nature that are used by living things
Materials from the environment that people use that can be re…
A resource that cannot be reused or replaced easily (ex. gems…
Convert waste into reusable material.
Natural Resource
Materials found in nature that are used by living things
Renewable Resources
Materials from the environment that people use that can be re…
18 terms
Holt Earth Science Chapter 5
Natural Resource
Renewable Resource
Nonrenewable Resource
Recycling
Material from nature that humans use to make energy
Natural resource that can be replaced quickly
Resources that cannot be easily or quickly replaced
Recovering valuable materials from waste -- reusing it in a n…
Natural Resource
Material from nature that humans use to make energy
Renewable Resource
Natural resource that can be replaced quickly
23 terms
Earth Science - Chapter 5 Vocabulary
Mineral
Silicate Mineral
Nonsilicate Mineral
Crystal
a natural, usually inorganic solid that has a characteristic…
a mineral that contains a combination of silicon and oxygen,…
a mineral that does not contain compounds of silicon and oxygen
a solid whose atoms, ion, or molecules are arranged in a regu…
Mineral
a natural, usually inorganic solid that has a characteristic…
Silicate Mineral
a mineral that contains a combination of silicon and oxygen,…
24 terms
Chapter 5 - Glencoe Earth Science
Lava
Igneous Rocks
Partial Melting
Bowen's Reaction Series
Magma that flows out onto Earth's surface
Cooled and crystallized lava or magma
The process whereby some minerals cool at relatively low temp…
Sequential, predictable, duel branched pattern in which miner…
Lava
Magma that flows out onto Earth's surface
Igneous Rocks
Cooled and crystallized lava or magma
20 terms
Chapter 5 Earth Changes
Earthquake
Lava
Core
Weathering
The sudden movement of rocks in Earth's crust
Melted rock that flows out of a volcano
The deepest, hottest layer of Earth, located at its center
Slow process of breaking down rocks into smaller pieces
Earthquake
The sudden movement of rocks in Earth's crust
Lava
Melted rock that flows out of a volcano
87 terms
Tarbuck Earth Science Chapter 5
hydrologic cycle
infiltration
runoff
transpiration
The cycle through which water in the hydrosphere moves; inclu…
Movement (seeping) of water from the surface of the Earth dow…
Movement of excess water (after infiltration) across the surf…
the process by which plants release water to the atmosphere
hydrologic cycle
The cycle through which water in the hydrosphere moves; inclu…
infiltration
Movement (seeping) of water from the surface of the Earth dow…
32 terms
Chapter 5 The Changing Landscape (Earth Science)
anticline
syncline
fracture
fault
upward fold
downward fold
break in a rock
in Earth's crust along which movement occurs
anticline
upward fold
syncline
downward fold
58 terms
Chapter 5 Earth Science
A rocket launching is an example of Ne…
A(n) ____________________ is a push or…
Mike has a mass of 60 kg. He pulls on…
Forces that change an object's motion…
third
force
20 N
contact
A rocket launching is an example of Ne…
third
A(n) ____________________ is a push or…
force
19 terms
Chapter 5 Earth Science
Mechanical Weathering
Frost Wedging
Talus
Exfoliation
The process of breaking down big rocks into smaller rocks.
The repeated freeze-thaw cycle of water in extreme climates.
A sloping mass of rock fragments at the foot of a cliff.
A form of mechanical weathering in which curved plates of roc…
Mechanical Weathering
The process of breaking down big rocks into smaller rocks.
Frost Wedging
The repeated freeze-thaw cycle of water in extreme climates.
58 terms
Earth Science Chapter 5
arkose
bedding sequence
bioclastic sediment
biological sediment
a sandstone containing more than 25% feldspar
Sequence of interbedded and vertically stacked layers of diff…
Shallow-water sediment made up of fragments of shells or skel…
Sediment formed near its place of deposition as a result of d…
arkose
a sandstone containing more than 25% feldspar
bedding sequence
Sequence of interbedded and vertically stacked layers of diff…
67 terms
Tarbuck Earth Science Chapter 5
hydrologic cycle
infiltration
runoff
transpiration
The cycle through which water in the hydrosphere moves; inclu…
Movement (seeping) of water from the surface of the Earth dow…
Movement of excess water (after infiltration) across the surf…
the process by which plants release water to the atmosphere
hydrologic cycle
The cycle through which water in the hydrosphere moves; inclu…
infiltration
Movement (seeping) of water from the surface of the Earth dow…
44 terms
Holt Earth Science Chapter 5
Natural Resource
Renewable Resource
Nonrenewable Resource
Recycling
Material from nature that humans use to make energy
Natural resource that can be replaced quickly
Resources that cannot be easily or quickly replaced
Recovering valuable materials from waste -- reusing it in a n…
Natural Resource
Material from nature that humans use to make energy
Renewable Resource
Natural resource that can be replaced quickly
ML Earth Science Chapter 5 - Volcanoes
Magma
Lava
Viscosity
aa
A body of molten rock found at depth
Erupted Magma
A measure of a material's resistance to flow
Lava flow consisting of rough jagged blocks
Magma
A body of molten rock found at depth
Lava
Erupted Magma
32 terms
Earth Science Chapter 5
anticline
syncline
fracture
fault
upward fold
downward fold
break in a rock
break in earth's crust along where movement occurs
anticline
upward fold
syncline
downward fold
27 terms
Earth Science Chapter 5
Mechanical weathering
Frost wedging
exfoliation
Biological activity
occurs when physical forces break rock into smaller and small…
The mechanical breakup of rock caused by the expansion of fre…
Reduced pressure on igneous rock causes it to expand and allo…
The activity of organisms, including plants, burrowing animal…
Mechanical weathering
occurs when physical forces break rock into smaller and small…
Frost wedging
The mechanical breakup of rock caused by the expansion of fre…
22 terms
BJU Space and Earth Science Chapter 5 Vocabulary
planet
ellipse
focus
perihelion
a large object orbiting a star that doesn't produce light of…
a flattened circle
point used to define an ellipse (two are used); the closer th…
when a planet is at its closest to the sun
planet
a large object orbiting a star that doesn't produce light of…
ellipse
a flattened circle
22 terms
BJU Space and Earth Science Chapter 5 Vocabulary
planet
ellipse
focus
perihelion
a large object orbiting a star that doesn't produce light of…
a flattened circle
point used to define an ellipse (two are used); the closer th…
when a planet is at its closest to the sun
planet
a large object orbiting a star that doesn't produce light of…
ellipse
a flattened circle
18 terms
Earth Science - Chapter 5
nebular hypothesis
stratum
tectonic plates
Pangaea
everything that formed in a solar system nebula spins or orbi…
a rock layer
pieces of the continents
the supercontinent
nebular hypothesis
everything that formed in a solar system nebula spins or orbi…
stratum
a rock layer
15 terms
Science, Chapter 5; Earth Changes
continent
core
crust
flood
A great area of land on Earth.
Earth's deepest and hottest layer.
Earth's outermost layer.
Water flowing over land that is usually dry.
continent
A great area of land on Earth.
core
Earth's deepest and hottest layer.
12 terms
Earth Chapter 5
Mineral
Silicate material
Nonsilicate mineral
Crystal
A solid inorganic substance of natural occurrence.
Contains silicon and oxygen
A mineral that does not contain compounds of silicon and oxygen
a solid in which the atoms are arranged in a pattern that rep…
Mineral
A solid inorganic substance of natural occurrence.
Silicate material
Contains silicon and oxygen
14 terms
Earth science chapter 5 vocabulary
fossil fuel
coal
oil
natural gas
Coal, oil, natural gas, and other fuels that are ancient rema…
Come together, unite, fuse together
A liquid fossil fuel formed from marine organisms that is bur…
A fossil fuel in the gaseous state
fossil fuel
Coal, oil, natural gas, and other fuels that are ancient rema…
coal
Come together, unite, fuse together
18 terms
Earth's Weather Chapter 5
atmosphere
troposhere
air pressure
humidity
air that surrounds Earth
the layer of gases closest to Earth's surface
air pressing onto a surface
water vapor in the air
atmosphere
air that surrounds Earth
troposhere
the layer of gases closest to Earth's surface
23 terms
Chapter 5 Earth
system
energy
atmosphere
geosphere
A group of components that interact to achieve some purpose
Ability to do work or cause change
The layer of gases that surrounds the earth
the densest parts of Earth that include the crust, mantle, an…
system
A group of components that interact to achieve some purpose
energy
Ability to do work or cause change
32 terms
Chapter 5 of Inside the Restless Earth on Earthquakes
Active tendon system
Base isolator
Continental collision zone
Deformation
Located at the bottom of a building, this system shifts large…
Made from layers of rubber, lead and steel, they absorb seism…
A convergent plate boundary where continents are colliding to…
The change in the shape of rock in response to stress.
Active tendon system
Located at the bottom of a building, this system shifts large…
Base isolator
Made from layers of rubber, lead and steel, they absorb seism…
21 terms
Chapter 5 Clues to Earth's Past
fossil
What types of things fossilize?
mineral replacement
carbon films
the remains (or an impression) of a plant or animal that exis…
Hard parts such as bones, teeth and shells.
A fossil type where minerals take the place of the remains of…
a thin film of carbon that forms a silhouette of an organism…
fossil
the remains (or an impression) of a plant or animal that exis…
What types of things fossilize?
Hard parts such as bones, teeth and shells.
27 terms
Earth Science Chapter 5
Weathering
What are the two types of weathering?
Mechanical weathering
What are some causes of mechanical wea…
Mechanical and chemical processes that change objects on Eart…
Mechanical and chemical weathering
Occurs when physical processes naturally break rocks into sma…
Ice wedging, abrasion, plants, and animals
Weathering
Mechanical and chemical processes that change objects on Eart…
What are the two types of weathering?
Mechanical and chemical weathering
22 terms
Space and Earth Science - Chapter 5
planet
ellipse
focus
perihelion
In general, any large body or large body orbiting any star. O…
A special geometric figure that can best be described as a fl…
In general, a point of geometric significance in the descript…
The point nearest the sun in the orbit of a planet or other s…
planet
In general, any large body or large body orbiting any star. O…
ellipse
A special geometric figure that can best be described as a fl…
18 terms
Earth Science Chapter 5 Vocabulary
alpine glaciers
continential glaciers
glacial polish
drumlin
Form in mountain regions and carve out U-shaped valleys
Cover large areas of continents; found in New York State
When rocks carried by continential glaciers act like sandpape…
Teardrop-shaped hills of glacial sediment
alpine glaciers
Form in mountain regions and carve out U-shaped valleys
continential glaciers
Cover large areas of continents; found in New York State
12 terms
Science Chapter 5: Earth Changes
continent
core
mantle
crust
each of the seven great land areas on Earth
Earth's deepest and hottest layer
a layer of melted rock below Earth's crust
the layer of Earth that is very thin and where you find the c…
continent
each of the seven great land areas on Earth
core
Earth's deepest and hottest layer
10 terms
Holt Earth Science Chapter 5 Minerals
Mineral
Five Criteria for Minerals
Streak
Luster
a natural, usually inorganic solid that has a characteristic…
1. Is it inorganic?... 2. Does it occur naturally? ... 3. Is it sol…
the color of a mineral in powdered form
The way a mineral reflects light
Mineral
a natural, usually inorganic solid that has a characteristic…
Five Criteria for Minerals
1. Is it inorganic?... 2. Does it occur naturally? ... 3. Is it sol…
44 terms
CCS Chapter 5 Earth Science
never
special creation
evolution
big bang
When can science make authoritative statements about the orig…
The belief that God called the universe and all that is in it…
The belief that the universe and life originated by natural p…
The supposed starting point of cosmic evolution
never
When can science make authoritative statements about the orig…
special creation
The belief that God called the universe and all that is in it…
Biology Life on Earth chapter 5
active transport
aquaporin
concentration
concentration gradient
the movement of material across a membrane through the use of…
a channel protein in the plasma membrane or a cell that is se…
the number of particles of a dissolved substance in a given u…
the difference in concentration of a substance between two pa…
active transport
the movement of material across a membrane through the use of…
aquaporin
a channel protein in the plasma membrane or a cell that is se…
12 terms
Herbold's Heroes Earth Science Chapter 5
mineral
silicate mineral
non silicate mineral
crystal
A natural usually inorganic solid that has a characteristic c…
a mineral that contains a combination of silicon and oxygen.
Carbonates,halides,sulfates and other minerals that do not co…
A solid whose atoms, ions, or molecules are arranged in a reg…
mineral
A natural usually inorganic solid that has a characteristic c…
silicate mineral
a mineral that contains a combination of silicon and oxygen.
25 terms
Junior High Earth Science Chapter 5
Fossil Fuel
natural gas
coal
biomass
oil, natural gas, coal
forms in a gaseous state under similar conditions as oil
most abundant fossil fuel in the world
energy from burning wood/alcohol, or garbage
Fossil Fuel
oil, natural gas, coal
natural gas
forms in a gaseous state under similar conditions as oil
12 terms
Chapter 5 Science Earth's Features
Some of Earth's Features
Causes landforms on Earth's crust to c…
Causes landforms on Earth's crust to c…
More than half of Earth is covered by…
1. Mountains 2.Oceans 3.Canyons 4. Plateaus 5.Rivers 6. Islands
1. Volcanoes 2.earthquakes 3. floods 4.landslides
1.Weathering by: moving water, wind, ice, plant roots... 2.Erosi…
water
Some of Earth's Features
1. Mountains 2.Oceans 3.Canyons 4. Plateaus 5.Rivers 6. Islands
Causes landforms on Earth's crust to c…
1. Volcanoes 2.earthquakes 3. floods 4.landslides
5 terms
Earth Science Chapter 5 (1)
air
barometer
atmospheric pressure
altitude
the mixture of gases that make up the Earth's atmosphere
a tool that measures atmospheric pressure
a measure of the force per unit area of air molecules in the…
a measure of the distance above sea level
air
the mixture of gases that make up the Earth's atmosphere
barometer
a tool that measures atmospheric pressure
14 terms
Earth Science, Chapter 5, Igneous Rocks
lava
igneous
partial melting
Bowen's reaction series
magma (melted rock) that flows onto Earth's surface
describes rock made from cooling and crystallizing of magma;…
different minerals in rock melting into magma at different ti…
the order in which minerals crystallize as magma cools and/or…
lava
magma (melted rock) that flows onto Earth's surface
igneous
describes rock made from cooling and crystallizing of magma;…
48 terms
Earth Space Chapter 5
Mineral
4 Q's to ask if a mineral
inorganic
silicate mineral
natural, inorganic solid with a characteristic chemical comp,…
1. is it inorganic?... 2. does it occur naturally?... 3. is it a cr…
cant be made up of living things or remains
a mineral that contains a combination of silicon and oxygen a…
Mineral
natural, inorganic solid with a characteristic chemical comp,…
4 Q's to ask if a mineral
1. is it inorganic?... 2. does it occur naturally?... 3. is it a cr…
15 terms
Science Chapter 5 Vocabulary- Earth's Resources
mineral
streak
luster
cleavage
natural, nonliving, solid crystals that make up rocks
color of the powder that a mineral leaves when it is scratche…
the way the surface of a mineral reflects light
property of minerals to break along smooth, flat, surfaces
mineral
natural, nonliving, solid crystals that make up rocks
streak
color of the powder that a mineral leaves when it is scratche…
30 terms
Earth Science-Chapter 5
Magma:Quickly cooling produces
2nd most common mineral
Water is an example of a
Magma: slowly cooling produces
small crystals
feldspar
non-mineral
large crystals
Magma:Quickly cooling produces
small crystals
2nd most common mineral
feldspar
35 terms
Earth Science Chapter 5
Earth's interior
seismic waves
pressure
crust
inner core, outer core, mantle, crust (oceanic and continenta…
* seismic waves are vibrations that travel through Earth carr…
Force pressing on an area., Force per unit area.
* the crust is the outermost solid rock layer of Earth... * It i…
Earth's interior
inner core, outer core, mantle, crust (oceanic and continenta…
seismic waves
* seismic waves are vibrations that travel through Earth carr…
58 terms
Earth Science- Chapter 5
arkose
bedding sequence
bioclastic sediment
biological sediment
a sandstone containing more than 25% feldspar
Sequence of interbedded and vertically stacked layers of diff…
Shallow-water sediment made up of fragments of shells or skel…
Sediment formed near its place of deposition as a result of d…
arkose
a sandstone containing more than 25% feldspar
bedding sequence
Sequence of interbedded and vertically stacked layers of diff…
15 terms
Science Chapter 5 Vocabulary- Earth's Resources
mineral
streak
luster
cleavage
natural, nonliving, solid crystals that make up rocks
color of the powder that a mineral leaves when it is scratche…
the way the surface of a mineral reflects light
property of minerals to break along smooth, flat, surfaces
mineral
natural, nonliving, solid crystals that make up rocks
streak
color of the powder that a mineral leaves when it is scratche…
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