Study sets matching "earth chapter 5"

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Study sets matching "earth chapter 5"

41 terms
Earth Science Chapter 5 Review
Mechanical Weathering
Frost Wedging
Unloading
Root wedging
Forces that break apart rock and soil particles
Form of mechanical weathering that occurs primarily at mid la…
Exfoliation plates form from pressure being released from und…
Biological activity caused by continual pressure of a plant's…
Mechanical Weathering
Forces that break apart rock and soil particles
Frost Wedging
Form of mechanical weathering that occurs primarily at mid la…
23 terms
Earth-Chapter 5
Natural Resource
Renewable Resource
Non-renewable Resource
Recycling
Any natural substance, organism, or energy form that living t…
A natural resource that can be replaced at the same rate at w…
A resource that can't be replaced or can be replaced only ove…
Convert waste into reusable material.
Natural Resource
Any natural substance, organism, or energy form that living t…
Renewable Resource
A natural resource that can be replaced at the same rate at w…
Earth Science Chapter 5
Weathering
What are the two types of weathering?
Mechanical weathering
What are some causes of mechanical wea…
Mechanical and chemical processes that change objects on Eart…
Mechanical and chemical weathering
Occurs when physical processes naturally break rocks into sma…
Ice wedging, abrasion, plants, and animals
Weathering
Mechanical and chemical processes that change objects on Eart…
What are the two types of weathering?
Mechanical and chemical weathering
19 terms
Earth Science Chapter 5
mechanical weathering
frost wedging
talus
exfoliation
The type of weathering in which rock is physically broken int…
The mechanical breakup of rock caused by the expansion of fre…
An accumulation of rock debris at the base of a cliff
A mechanical weathering process which removes protuding overl…
mechanical weathering
The type of weathering in which rock is physically broken int…
frost wedging
The mechanical breakup of rock caused by the expansion of fre…
24 terms
Chapter 5 - Glencoe Earth Science
Lava
Igneous Rocks
Partial Melting
Bowen's Reaction Series
Magma that flows out onto Earth's surface
Cooled and crystallized lava or magma
The process whereby some minerals cool at relatively low temp…
Sequential, predictable, duel branched pattern in which miner…
Lava
Magma that flows out onto Earth's surface
Igneous Rocks
Cooled and crystallized lava or magma
Earth Science - Chapter 5 Vocabulary
Mineral
Silicate Mineral
Nonsilicate Mineral
Crystal
a natural, usually inorganic solid that has a characteristic…
a mineral that contains a combination of silicon and oxygen,…
a mineral that does not contain compounds of silicon and oxygen
a solid whose atoms, ion, or molecules are arranged in a regu…
Mineral
a natural, usually inorganic solid that has a characteristic…
Silicate Mineral
a mineral that contains a combination of silicon and oxygen,…
19 terms
Earth Science-Chapter 5
Natural Resource
Renewable Resources
Non-renewable Resources
Recycling
Materials found in nature that are used by living things
Materials from the environment that people use that can be re…
A resource that cannot be reused or replaced easily (ex. gems…
Convert waste into reusable material.
Natural Resource
Materials found in nature that are used by living things
Renewable Resources
Materials from the environment that people use that can be re…
18 terms
Holt Earth Science Chapter 5
Natural Resource
Renewable Resource
Nonrenewable Resource
Recycling
Material from nature that humans use to make energy
Natural resource that can be replaced quickly
Resources that cannot be easily or quickly replaced
Recovering valuable materials from waste -- reusing it in a n…
Natural Resource
Material from nature that humans use to make energy
Renewable Resource
Natural resource that can be replaced quickly
Earth Science Chapter 5
Elevation, relief, and landforms are f…
What term describes the difference in…
A landform that has high elevation and…
The point on the Earth's surface havin…
topography
relief
plateau
where the equator crosses the prime meridian
Elevation, relief, and landforms are f…
topography
What term describes the difference in…
relief
87 terms
Tarbuck Earth Science Chapter 5
hydrologic cycle
infiltration
runoff
transpiration
The cycle through which water in the hydrosphere moves; inclu…
Movement (seeping) of water from the surface of the Earth dow…
Movement of excess water (after infiltration) across the surf…
the process by which plants release water to the atmosphere
hydrologic cycle
The cycle through which water in the hydrosphere moves; inclu…
infiltration
Movement (seeping) of water from the surface of the Earth dow…
Earth Science (Chapter 5)
Plate
Fault
Earthquake
Lava
a large section of earth's crust and outer mantle that slowly…
a crack in the Earth's crust where slabs of rock can slip pas…
the shaking of the ground usually caused by movement of earth…
melted rock that flows from a volcano onto earth's surface
Plate
a large section of earth's crust and outer mantle that slowly…
Fault
a crack in the Earth's crust where slabs of rock can slip pas…
21 terms
Back to Earth (Chapter 5)
geo
terra
terr
hydros
Greek word (root) means earth
Latin word means earth
Latin root
Greek word means water
geo
Greek word (root) means earth
terra
Latin word means earth
12 terms
Chapter 5 (Earth Space)
mineral
silicate mineral
non-silicate mineral
crystal
an inorganic, solids, found in nature, with a constant compos…
a mineral that contains a combination of silicon and oxygen a…
a mineral that does not contain compounds of silicon and oxygen
a solid whose atoms, ions, or molecules are arranged in a reg…
mineral
an inorganic, solids, found in nature, with a constant compos…
silicate mineral
a mineral that contains a combination of silicon and oxygen a…
19 terms
Earth Science Chapter 5: Weathering, Soil, and Mass Movements
Mechanical weathering
Frost wedging
Talus
Exfoliation
the physical disintegration of rock, resulting in smaller fra…
the mechanical breakup of rock caused by the expansion of fre…
an accumulation of rock debris at the base of a cliff
type of weathering caused by reducing pressure on a rock surf…
Mechanical weathering
the physical disintegration of rock, resulting in smaller fra…
Frost wedging
the mechanical breakup of rock caused by the expansion of fre…
Mr. Kendall Earth Science Chapter 5
Nonrenewable Energy Resource
Renewable Energy Resource
Fossil Fuel
Coal
A resource that takes a long time to remake/replace
A resource that can be replaced in a short amount of time
Coal, oil, natural gas, and other fuels that are ancient rema…
A rock that contains at least 50% land plant remains - nonren…
Nonrenewable Energy Resource
A resource that takes a long time to remake/replace
Renewable Energy Resource
A resource that can be replaced in a short amount of time
ML Earth Science Chapter 5 - Volcanoes
Magma
Lava
Viscosity
aa
A body of molten rock found at depth
Erupted Magma
A measure of a material's resistance to flow
Lava flow consisting of rough jagged blocks
Magma
A body of molten rock found at depth
Lava
Erupted Magma
18 terms
Holt Earth Science Chapter 5
Natural Resource
Renewable Resource
Nonrenewable Resource
Recycling
Material from nature that humans use to make energy
Natural resource that can be replaced quickly
Resources that cannot be easily or quickly replaced
Recovering valuable materials from waste -- reusing it in a n…
Natural Resource
Material from nature that humans use to make energy
Renewable Resource
Natural resource that can be replaced quickly
32 terms
Earth Science Chapter 5
anticline
syncline
fracture
fault
upward fold
downward fold
break in a rock
break in earth's crust along where movement occurs
anticline
upward fold
syncline
downward fold
20 terms
Chapter 5 Earth Changes
Earthquake
Lava
Core
Weathering
The sudden movement of rocks in Earth's crust
Melted rock that flows out of a volcano
The deepest, hottest layer of Earth, located at its center
Slow process of breaking down rocks into smaller pieces
Earthquake
The sudden movement of rocks in Earth's crust
Lava
Melted rock that flows out of a volcano
Earth Science - Chapter 5
nebular hypothesis
stratum
tectonic plates
Pangaea
everything that formed in a solar system nebula spins or orbi…
a rock layer
pieces of the continents
the supercontinent
nebular hypothesis
everything that formed in a solar system nebula spins or orbi…
stratum
a rock layer
23 terms
Chapter 5 Earth
system
energy
atmosphere
geosphere
A group of components that interact to achieve some purpose
Ability to do work or cause change
The layer of gases that surrounds the earth
the densest parts of Earth that include the crust, mantle, an…
system
A group of components that interact to achieve some purpose
energy
Ability to do work or cause change
6 terms
Earth's Structure Chapter 5, Lesson 1
volcano
magma
lava
Ring of Fire
mountain that forms in Earth's crust when molten material, or…
molten mixture of rock-forming substances, gases, and water f…
magma after it reaches the surface
a major belt of volcanoes that circles the Pacific Ocean... (vol…
volcano
mountain that forms in Earth's crust when molten material, or…
magma
molten mixture of rock-forming substances, gases, and water f…
8 terms
Earth's Structure Chapter 5, Lesson 3
caldera
cinder cone
composite volcano
shield volcano
the large hole at the top of a volcano formed when the roof o…
a steep, one-shaped hill or small mountain made of volcanic a…
a tall, cone-shaped mountain in which layers of lava alternat…
a wide, gently sloping mountain made of layers of lava and fo…
caldera
the large hole at the top of a volcano formed when the roof o…
cinder cone
a steep, one-shaped hill or small mountain made of volcanic a…
Chapter 5 Earth Science
Mechanical Weathering
Frost Wedging
Talus
Exfoliation
The process of breaking down big rocks into smaller rocks.
The repeated freeze-thaw cycle of water in extreme climates.
A sloping mass of rock fragments at the foot of a cliff.
A form of mechanical weathering in which curved plates of roc…
Mechanical Weathering
The process of breaking down big rocks into smaller rocks.
Frost Wedging
The repeated freeze-thaw cycle of water in extreme climates.
9 terms
Earth's Structure Chapter 5, Lesson 2
magma chamber
pipe
vent
lava flow
the pocket beneath a volcano where magma collects
a long tube through which magma moves from the magma chamber…
the opening through which molten rock and gas leave a volcano
the area covered by lava as it pours out of a volcano's vent
magma chamber
the pocket beneath a volcano where magma collects
pipe
a long tube through which magma moves from the magma chamber…
32 terms
Chapter 5 The Changing Landscape (Earth Science)
anticline
syncline
fracture
fault
upward fold
downward fold
break in a rock
in Earth's crust along which movement occurs
anticline
upward fold
syncline
downward fold
58 terms
Chapter 5 Earth Science
A rocket launching is an example of Ne…
A(n) ____________________ is a push or…
Mike has a mass of 60 kg. He pulls on…
Forces that change an object's motion…
third
force
20 N
contact
A rocket launching is an example of Ne…
third
A(n) ____________________ is a push or…
force
17 terms
CPO Middle School Earth Science (Chapter 5)
atmosphere
air
altitude
atmospheric pressure
a blanket of gases that surrounds the planet
the mixture of gases that make up Earth's Atmosphere
a measure of the distance an object is above sea level
a measure of the force per unit area of air molecules in the…
atmosphere
a blanket of gases that surrounds the planet
air
the mixture of gases that make up Earth's Atmosphere
19 terms
Earth Science Chapter 5 Vocabulary
mechanical weathering
frost wedging
talus
exfoliation
physical disintegration of rock
breakup of rock caused by expansion of freezing water in cracks
accumulation or rock debris at the base of a cliff
reducing pressure on rock allowing slabs to break free
mechanical weathering
physical disintegration of rock
frost wedging
breakup of rock caused by expansion of freezing water in cracks
22 terms
BJU Space and Earth Science Chapter 5 Vocabulary
planet
ellipse
focus
perihelion
a large object orbiting a star that doesn't produce light of…
a flattened circle
point used to define an ellipse (two are used); the closer th…
when a planet is at its closest to the sun
planet
a large object orbiting a star that doesn't produce light of…
ellipse
a flattened circle
Tarbuck Earth Science Chapter 5
hydrologic cycle
infiltration
runoff
transpiration
The cycle through which water in the hydrosphere moves; inclu…
Movement (seeping) of water from the surface of the Earth dow…
Movement of excess water (after infiltration) across the surf…
the process by which plants release water to the atmosphere
hydrologic cycle
The cycle through which water in the hydrosphere moves; inclu…
infiltration
Movement (seeping) of water from the surface of the Earth dow…
24 terms
Chapter 5 - Glencoe Earth Science
Lava
Igneous Rocks
Partial Melting
Bowen's Reaction Series
Magma that flows out onto Earth's surface
Cooled and crystallized lava or magma
The process whereby some minerals cool at relatively low temp…
Sequential, predictable, duel branched pattern in which miner…
Lava
Magma that flows out onto Earth's surface
Igneous Rocks
Cooled and crystallized lava or magma
BJU Space and Earth Science Chapter 5 Vocabulary
planet
ellipse
focus
perihelion
a large object orbiting a star that doesn't produce light of…
a flattened circle
point used to define an ellipse (two are used); the closer th…
when a planet is at its closest to the sun
planet
a large object orbiting a star that doesn't produce light of…
ellipse
a flattened circle
Science, Chapter 5; Earth Changes
continent
core
crust
flood
A great area of land on Earth.
Earth's deepest and hottest layer.
Earth's outermost layer.
Water flowing over land that is usually dry.
continent
A great area of land on Earth.
core
Earth's deepest and hottest layer.
44 terms
Holt Earth Science Chapter 5
Natural Resource
Renewable Resource
Nonrenewable Resource
Recycling
Material from nature that humans use to make energy
Natural resource that can be replaced quickly
Resources that cannot be easily or quickly replaced
Recovering valuable materials from waste -- reusing it in a n…
Natural Resource
Material from nature that humans use to make energy
Renewable Resource
Natural resource that can be replaced quickly
18 terms
Earth Science Chapter 5 Vocabulary
alpine glaciers
continential glaciers
glacial polish
drumlin
Form in mountain regions and carve out U-shaped valleys
Cover large areas of continents; found in New York State
When rocks carried by continential glaciers act like sandpape…
Teardrop-shaped hills of glacial sediment
alpine glaciers
Form in mountain regions and carve out U-shaped valleys
continential glaciers
Cover large areas of continents; found in New York State
18 terms
Earth's Weather Chapter 5
atmosphere
troposhere
air pressure
humidity
air that surrounds Earth
the layer of gases closest to Earth's surface
air pressing onto a surface
water vapor in the air
atmosphere
air that surrounds Earth
troposhere
the layer of gases closest to Earth's surface
82 terms
Chapter 5 Earth Science
Hydrologic cycle
Evaporation
Infiltration
Runoff
The unending cycle/circulation of water between Earth's spher…
The process by which liquid water changes into water vapor (g…
The water that goes into the water, slowly moving downward, t…
When the rate of rainfall exceeds Earth's ability to absorb i…
Hydrologic cycle
The unending cycle/circulation of water between Earth's spher…
Evaporation
The process by which liquid water changes into water vapor (g…
10 terms
Earth Science Chapter 5 Vocabulary
chemical property
matter
physical property
property
Characteristic that describes how a substance changes into a…
anything that has mass and takes up space
characteristic of a substance that can be observed without ch…
characteristic that describes matter
chemical property
Characteristic that describes how a substance changes into a…
matter
anything that has mass and takes up space
22 terms
Space and Earth Science - Chapter 5
planet
ellipse
focus
perihelion
In general, any large body or large body orbiting any star. O…
A special geometric figure that can best be described as a fl…
In general, a point of geometric significance in the descript…
The point nearest the sun in the orbit of a planet or other s…
planet
In general, any large body or large body orbiting any star. O…
ellipse
A special geometric figure that can best be described as a fl…
7 terms
Mr. Q Earth Science Chapter 5
Sunrise
Sunset
Revolving
Rotating
the time when the sun can be seen for the first time in the m…
the time when the sun can no longer be seen at the end of the…
when an object moves around another object (for example... wh…
when an object spins around, like a top
Sunrise
the time when the sun can be seen for the first time in the m…
Sunset
the time when the sun can no longer be seen at the end of the…
Earth science chapter 5 vocabulary
fossil fuel
coal
oil
natural gas
Coal, oil, natural gas, and other fuels that are ancient rema…
Come together, unite, fuse together
A liquid fossil fuel formed from marine organisms that is bur…
A fossil fuel in the gaseous state
fossil fuel
Coal, oil, natural gas, and other fuels that are ancient rema…
coal
Come together, unite, fuse together
25 terms
Junior High Earth Science Chapter 5
Fossil Fuel
natural gas
coal
biomass
oil, natural gas, coal
forms in a gaseous state under similar conditions as oil
most abundant fossil fuel in the world
energy from burning wood/alcohol, or garbage
Fossil Fuel
oil, natural gas, coal
natural gas
forms in a gaseous state under similar conditions as oil
17 terms
CPO Middle School Earth Science (Chapter 5)
atmosphere
air
altitude
atmospheric pressure
a blanket of gases that surrounds the planet
the mixture of gases that make up Earth's Atmosphere
a measure of the distance an object is above sea level
a measure of the force per unit area of air molecules in the…
atmosphere
a blanket of gases that surrounds the planet
air
the mixture of gases that make up Earth's Atmosphere
21 terms
Inside Earth Chapter 5
Rock-Forming Minerals
Granite
Erosion
Basalt
One of the common minerals that make up most of the rocks on…
A usually light-colored igneous rock that is found in contine…
The destructive process in which wind, water, ice and gravity…
A dark, dense, igneous rock with a fine texture, found in oce…
Rock-Forming Minerals
One of the common minerals that make up most of the rocks on…
Granite
A usually light-colored igneous rock that is found in contine…
5 terms
Earth Science Chapter 5 (1)
air
barometer
atmospheric pressure
altitude
the mixture of gases that make up the Earth's atmosphere
a tool that measures atmospheric pressure
a measure of the force per unit area of air molecules in the…
a measure of the distance above sea level
air
the mixture of gases that make up the Earth's atmosphere
barometer
a tool that measures atmospheric pressure
53 terms
Earth Science Chapter 5
Core
Crust
Basalt
Convection
Which of Earth's layers has the highest temperature?
Which of Earth's layers is the thinnest?
Oceanic crust is made of
The transfer of heat by the movement of particles in fluid is…
Core
Which of Earth's layers has the highest temperature?
Crust
Which of Earth's layers is the thinnest?
12 terms
Herbold's Heroes Earth Science Chapter 5
mineral
silicate mineral
non silicate mineral
crystal
A natural usually inorganic solid that has a characteristic c…
a mineral that contains a combination of silicon and oxygen.
Carbonates,halides,sulfates and other minerals that do not co…
A solid whose atoms, ions, or molecules are arranged in a reg…
mineral
A natural usually inorganic solid that has a characteristic c…
silicate mineral
a mineral that contains a combination of silicon and oxygen.
21 terms
Chapter 5 Clues to Earth's Past
fossil
What types of things fossilize?
mineral replacement
carbon films
the remains (or an impression) of a plant or animal that exis…
Hard parts such as bones, teeth and shells.
A fossil type where minerals take the place of the remains of…
a thin film of carbon that forms a silhouette of an organism…
fossil
the remains (or an impression) of a plant or animal that exis…
What types of things fossilize?
Hard parts such as bones, teeth and shells.
32 terms
Chapter 5 of Inside the Restless Earth on Earthquakes
Active tendon system
Base isolator
Continental collision zone
Deformation
Located at the bottom of a building, this system shifts large…
Made from layers of rubber, lead and steel, they absorb seism…
A convergent plate boundary where continents are colliding to…
The change in the shape of rock in response to stress.
Active tendon system
Located at the bottom of a building, this system shifts large…
Base isolator
Made from layers of rubber, lead and steel, they absorb seism…
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