Study sets matching "earth history chapter 25"

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Study sets matching "earth history chapter 25"

Chapter 25 The Earth's History
Uplifting and folding
Radioactive dating
Geological era
Precambrian era
A geological process that bends layers of the Earth's crust a…
A way to find the age of rocks by measuring the decay, or bre…
A huge period of time in the Earth's history.
The geological era that started 4.5 billion years ago lasted…
Uplifting and folding
A geological process that bends layers of the Earth's crust a…
Radioactive dating
A way to find the age of rocks by measuring the decay, or bre…
chapter 25 history of the earth
has he read abraham?
3.5
2.7-2.5
1.5 bya
nope.... you should give him a Book of Mormon
life begain
o2 producing photosynthesis appears
multicellular eukaryotes
has he read abraham?
nope.... you should give him a Book of Mormon
3.5
life begain
16 terms
Earth Science Chapter 25
Light-Year
Apparent Magnitude
Absolute Magnitude
Galaxy
the distance that light travels in one year
amount of light received from a star on Earth
The measure of the amount of light a star gives off
large group of stars, gas and dust held together by gravity
Light-Year
the distance that light travels in one year
Apparent Magnitude
amount of light received from a star on Earth
19 terms
Chapter 25: History of Life on Earth
Define macroevolution.
Define fossil.
Define paleontologists.
Define sedimentary rocks.
Evolutionary change above the species level.
A preserved remnant or impression of an organism that lived i…
The scientific study of fossils.
Rock that has formed through the deposition and solidificatio…
Define macroevolution.
Evolutionary change above the species level.
Define fossil.
A preserved remnant or impression of an organism that lived i…
Chapter 25: The History of Life on Earth
Organisms and environment
Rise of Life
Oparin-Haldane Hypothesis
Twist on only ideas
Environment affects organisms... Organisms affect their environm…
4.6 billion years old... 3.9 billion years ago it stopped gettin…
atmos. + H2O + Energy/Lightning or UV = Organic Molecules... "Pr…
Atmosphere perhaps not as reducing as once thought... the vicini…
Organisms and environment
Environment affects organisms... Organisms affect their environm…
Rise of Life
4.6 billion years old... 3.9 billion years ago it stopped gettin…
9 terms
Chapter 25 : The History of Life on Earth
The production of simple cells through…
ribozymes
radiometric dating
half-life
1. The nonliving synthesis of small organic molecules (i.e am…
RNA catalysts that act like enzymes
a technique that is based on the decay of radioactive isotope…
the time required for 50% of the parent isotope to decay
The production of simple cells through…
1. The nonliving synthesis of small organic molecules (i.e am…
ribozymes
RNA catalysts that act like enzymes
Chapter 25: The History of Life on Earth
Macroevolution
How long ago was earth formed?
Protocells
RNA
-changes over lifetime scale ... ~emergence of terrestrial vert…
4.6 billion years ago
-replication & metabolism appeared in protocells... -may have fo…
-first genetic material ... -ribozymes catalyze different reacti…
Macroevolution
-changes over lifetime scale ... ~emergence of terrestrial vert…
How long ago was earth formed?
4.6 billion years ago
29 terms
Chapter 25 History of Life on Earth
Macroevolutionary
Stages that led to the creation of sim…
Are organic molecules synthesized outs…
What did early earth's atmosphere cont…
changes over large time scales such as the emergence of terre…
1) abiotic synthesis of small organic molecules (living thing…
No, the organic molecules from which living organisms are com…
water vapor and chemicals
Macroevolutionary
changes over large time scales such as the emergence of terre…
Stages that led to the creation of sim…
1) abiotic synthesis of small organic molecules (living thing…
50 terms
Earth Science Chapter 25
constellations
absolute magnitude
apparent magnitude
light year
a group of stars that forms a shape or pattern, positions see…
a measure of the amount of light that a star actually emits
the brightness of a star when viewed from Earth
The distance light travels in one year
constellations
a group of stars that forms a shape or pattern, positions see…
absolute magnitude
a measure of the amount of light that a star actually emits
41 terms
(Chapter 25) The History of Life on Earth
Are Archaea anaerobic or aerobic?
Fossil records show macroevolutionary…
How many extinctions have occurred so…
Chemical and physical processes on ear…
Anaerobic - without oxygen
- The emergence of terrestrial vertebrates... - The origin of ph…
5
Abiotic syntehsis of small organic molecules, join into macro…
Are Archaea anaerobic or aerobic?
Anaerobic - without oxygen
Fossil records show macroevolutionary…
- The emergence of terrestrial vertebrates... - The origin of ph…
11 terms
Earth Sicence chapter 25
CONSTELLATION
LIGHT-YEAR
APPARENT MAGNITUDE
ABSOLUTE MAGNITUDE
Patterns of stars named in honor of mythological characters o…
The distance light travels in one year.
A star's brightness as it appears from Earth. Three factors c…
How bright a star actually is.
CONSTELLATION
Patterns of stars named in honor of mythological characters o…
LIGHT-YEAR
The distance light travels in one year.
Chapter 25 History of the Earth
How do fossils form? How can we figure…
Understand the eons, eras, and selecte…
What 4 events likely happened in order…
What caused the oxygen revolution, and…
-Pressure fm the sediment above causes bottom layers to solid…
-Phanerozoic eon: Cenozoic era, Mesozoic era (Cretaceous peri…
1) abiotic synthesis of organic compounds... 2) abiotic synthesi…
-Rapid increase in oxygen levels at 2.4 bya... -Increased O2 lev…
How do fossils form? How can we figure…
-Pressure fm the sediment above causes bottom layers to solid…
Understand the eons, eras, and selecte…
-Phanerozoic eon: Cenozoic era, Mesozoic era (Cretaceous peri…
19 terms
Chapter 25 - The History of Life on Earth
macroevolution
protocells
ribozymes
radiometric dating
evolution on a large scale extending over geologic era and re…
droplets with membranes that maintained an internal chemistry…
RNA molecules that function as enzymes
the process of measuring the absolute age of geologic materia…
macroevolution
evolution on a large scale extending over geologic era and re…
protocells
droplets with membranes that maintained an internal chemistry…
65 terms
Chapter 25 The History of the Earth
Macro evolutionary
What is the age of the earth and the s…
When did life first appear?
What was the first form of life ?
change that occurs over a long period of time
4.6 Billion Years old
3.5-3.9 Billion years ago
Cyano Bacteria
Macro evolutionary
change that occurs over a long period of time
What is the age of the earth and the s…
4.6 Billion Years old
Chapter 25: The History of Life on Earth
Precambrian, Paleozoic, Mesozoic, Ceno…
geological time scale
strata
stratigraphy, similar, younger, older,…
4 Geological Eras
a system of chronological measurement that relates stratigrap…
found by Danish physician Steno; the layers of rock, in which…
Principles of __________:... Fossils of ______ organisms are fou…
Precambrian, Paleozoic, Mesozoic, Ceno…
4 Geological Eras
geological time scale
a system of chronological measurement that relates stratigrap…
43 terms
Earth Science Chapter 25
Convergent Plate Boundary
Divergent Plate Boundary
Mid-Ocean Ridge
Rift Valley
Area where tectonic plates merge or come together. Can result…
Boundary between tectonic plates in which the two plates move…
An undersea mountain chain where new ocean floor is produced;…
A deep valley that forms where two plates move apart
Convergent Plate Boundary
Area where tectonic plates merge or come together. Can result…
Divergent Plate Boundary
Boundary between tectonic plates in which the two plates move…
46 terms
Chapter 25: History of Life on Earth
macroevolution
Early Atmosphere
Chemical Evolution
Oparin & Haldane
evolution above the species level
- 4.6 BYA... - methane, water, hydrogen sulfide, ammonia, hydrog…
1. abiotic synthesis of amino acids, nucleotides... 2. monomers…
- abiotic synthesis... - postulated conditions of early earth f…
macroevolution
evolution above the species level
Early Atmosphere
- 4.6 BYA... - methane, water, hydrogen sulfide, ammonia, hydrog…
chapter 25 history of life on earth
Chemical/ physical processes on early…
Synthesis of Organic Compounds experim…
miller and urey
miller and urey believe that life bega…
1 - abiotic synthesis of organic molecules... 2 - joining of the…
Miller and Urey ... -Laboratory conditions comparable to early E…
oceans
Chemical/ physical processes on early…
1 - abiotic synthesis of organic molecules... 2 - joining of the…
Synthesis of Organic Compounds experim…
Miller and Urey ... -Laboratory conditions comparable to early E…
Chapter 25 The History of Life on Earth
Earth may have produced very simple ce…
The first genetic material was most li…
The fossil record is biased in favour…
tetrapods
1. Abiotic synthesis of small organic molecules such as amino…
RNA
1) Existed for a long time... 2) Were abundant and widespread... 3)…
animals with four limbs
Earth may have produced very simple ce…
1. Abiotic synthesis of small organic molecules such as amino…
The first genetic material was most li…
RNA
Earth Science Chapter 25
altitude
Antarctic Circle
Arctic Circle
celestial object
The angular elevation of an object above the horizon.
The latitude south of which the sun does not rise on the Sout…
The latitude north of which the sun does not rise on the Nort…
Things seen in the sky that are outside Earth's atmosphere.
altitude
The angular elevation of an object above the horizon.
Antarctic Circle
The latitude south of which the sun does not rise on the Sout…
15 terms
Earth Science Chapter 25
Light-Year
Apparent Magnitude
Absolute Magnitude
HR Diagram
the distance that light travels in one year
the brightness of a star when viewed from Earth
The actual brightness of a star
A graph relating the temperature and brightness of stars
Light-Year
the distance that light travels in one year
Apparent Magnitude
the brightness of a star when viewed from Earth
Chapter 25 History of Life on Earth
explain the origin of life on earth an…
explain dating fossils and absolute da…
explain how is radiometric data is done
sequence of history of life on earth
4 billion years... 1. had to be able to make small molecules wit…
its is given in years instead of words before and after.... 1. r…
unstable atoms decay and make a daughter isotope
1. the origin of photosynthesis + increase in atmosphere... 2. t…
explain the origin of life on earth an…
4 billion years... 1. had to be able to make small molecules wit…
explain dating fossils and absolute da…
its is given in years instead of words before and after.... 1. r…
46 terms
Earth Science Chapter 25
Currents
Surface Currents
Deep Currents
Factors that control surface currents
a horizontal movement of water in a well-defined pattern, suc…
a horizontal movement of ocean water that is caused by wind a…
a stream-like movement of ocean water far below the surface.…
Air currents, Earth's rotation, and location of continents.
Currents
a horizontal movement of water in a well-defined pattern, suc…
Surface Currents
a horizontal movement of ocean water that is caused by wind a…
13 terms
Chapter 25: The History of Life on Earth
adaptive radiation
Cambrian explosion
endosymbiont theory
geologic record
Period of evolutionary change in which groups of organisms fr…
A burst of evolutionary change that occurred about 535-525 mi…
The theory that mitocondria and plastids, including chloropla…
A standard time scale dividing Earth's history into time peri…
adaptive radiation
Period of evolutionary change in which groups of organisms fr…
Cambrian explosion
A burst of evolutionary change that occurred about 535-525 mi…
13 terms
Chapter 25 History of Life on Earth
Macroevolutionary
Protocells
Ribozymes
Radiometric Dating
The fossil record shows _____ changes over large time scales,…
3. Packaging of molecules into _____
RNA molecules called ____ have been found to catalyze many di…
The absolute ages of fossils can be determined by _____.
Macroevolutionary
The fossil record shows _____ changes over large time scales,…
Protocells
3. Packaging of molecules into _____
20 terms
Chapter 25- History of Life on Earth
Macroevolution
3.5 Billion Years Ago
Stage 1 of Origin of life on Earth
Stage 2 of Origin of life on Earth
Broad pattern of evolution above the species level
Fossil evidence of life on Earth
Abiotic synthesis of small organic molecules... 4.6 Billion year…
Synthesis of Molecules... Aided by heat or rocks
Macroevolution
Broad pattern of evolution above the species level
3.5 Billion Years Ago
Fossil evidence of life on Earth
Chapter 25: History of Life on Earth
macroevolution
four main stages of producing simple c…
protocells
Haldane
the broad pattern of evolution above the species level
1. abiotic synthesis of small organic molecules, 2. joining o…
droplets with membranes that maintained an internal chemistry…
hypothesized that earth's early atmosphere was a reducing (el…
macroevolution
the broad pattern of evolution above the species level
four main stages of producing simple c…
1. abiotic synthesis of small organic molecules, 2. joining o…
14 terms
Chapter 25: History of Life on Earth
Abiotic
4.6 Bya
Protocells
Vesicles
Nonliving
Earth formed, along with rest of Solar System
aggregates of abiotically produced molecules molecules surrou…
small membrane-bounded droplets formed when lipids or other o…
Abiotic
Nonliving
4.6 Bya
Earth formed, along with rest of Solar System
35 terms
Chapter 25: The History of Life on Earth
MACROEVOLUTION
conditions on early Earth made origin…
simple cells produced thru 4 main stages
PROTOCELLS
- broad pattern of evolution above species level... - evolutiona…
- hypothesized chemical and physical processes on early Earth…
1) abiotic (nonliving) synthesis of small organic molecules (…
- an abiotic precursor of a living cell that had a membrane-l…
MACROEVOLUTION
- broad pattern of evolution above species level... - evolutiona…
conditions on early Earth made origin…
- hypothesized chemical and physical processes on early Earth…
13 terms
ap bio chapter 25 (history of life on earth)
THe planet was formed _____ billion ye…
first atmosphere was composed of ____…
oparin and Haldane...
Miller and Urey...
4.6; cloud of dust and rocks condensed; bombardments by ice a…
water vapor, nitrogen oxides, carbon dioxide, methane, ammoni…
1920s; thought atmosphere was reducing (add electrons and H+…
1953 - tested hypothesis of Oparin and Haldane by recreating…
THe planet was formed _____ billion ye…
4.6; cloud of dust and rocks condensed; bombardments by ice a…
first atmosphere was composed of ____…
water vapor, nitrogen oxides, carbon dioxide, methane, ammoni…
History of life on earth chapter 25
Fossil record
Orgin of life
4.6
Volcanic eruptions
This shows macroevolutionary changes over larger time scales…
This sequence of stages depicts the how what may have occurre…
Earth formed about how many billion years ago
Earths early atmosphere likely contained water vapor and chem…
Fossil record
This shows macroevolutionary changes over larger time scales…
Orgin of life
This sequence of stages depicts the how what may have occurre…
18 terms
Chapter 25: The History of Life on Earth
Macroevolution
Hydrothermal vent
Alkaline vent
Ribozymes
Evolutionary change above the species level. Examples include…
An area on the deep seafloor where heated water and minerals…
A deep sea hydrothermal vent that releases water that is warm…
An RNA molecule that functions as an enzyme, such as an intro…
Macroevolution
Evolutionary change above the species level. Examples include…
Hydrothermal vent
An area on the deep seafloor where heated water and minerals…
18 terms
Chapter 25: The History of Life on Earth
macroevolution
protocell
hydrothermal vent
alkaline vent
Evolutionary change above the species level. Examples of macr…
an abiotic precursor of a living cell that had a membrane-lik…
an area on the deep seafloor where heated water and minerals…
A deep-sea hydrothermal vent that releases water that is warm…
macroevolution
Evolutionary change above the species level. Examples of macr…
protocell
an abiotic precursor of a living cell that had a membrane-lik…
Chapter 25: The History of Life on Earth
Early Earth: chemical and physical pro…
Early Earth: Atmosphere composition
Protobionts
Liposomes
1. Abiotic synthesis of small organic organelles... 2. Joining o…
likely contained water vapour and chemicals released by volca…
Aggregates of abiotically produced molecules surrounded by a…
Small membrane bound droplets which form when lipids or other…
Early Earth: chemical and physical pro…
1. Abiotic synthesis of small organic organelles... 2. Joining o…
Early Earth: Atmosphere composition
likely contained water vapour and chemicals released by volca…
30 terms
AP Biology, Chapter 25 The History of Life on Earth
1. Give examples of macroevolutionary…
2. Describe the four stages of the hyp…
3. Describe the contributions that A.…
4. Describe alternative scenarios for…
Emergence of terrestrial vertebrates... Impact of mass extinctio…
Abiotic synthesis of small organic molecules... Abiotic synthesi…
Oparin and Haldane: conditions on the early Earth favored the…
Not a reducing atmosphere... N2 and CO2... Simulations still show f…
1. Give examples of macroevolutionary…
Emergence of terrestrial vertebrates... Impact of mass extinctio…
2. Describe the four stages of the hyp…
Abiotic synthesis of small organic molecules... Abiotic synthesi…
17 terms
Chapter 25 Earth's Moon
astronomy
crater
gibbous
lunar eclipse
The study of the universe.
A bowl-shaped depression on the surface of a moon or a planet…
A phase of the moon in which almost all of the bright half of…
The eclipse that occurs when the moon passes into Earth's tot…
astronomy
The study of the universe.
crater
A bowl-shaped depression on the surface of a moon or a planet…
19 terms
Chapter 25- The History of Life on Earth
macroevolution
protocell
hydrothermal vent
alkaline vent
evolutionary change above the species level
an abiotic precursor of a living cell that had a membrane-lik…
an area on the deep seafloor where heated water and minerals…
a deep-sea hydrothermal vent that releases water that is warm…
macroevolution
evolutionary change above the species level
protocell
an abiotic precursor of a living cell that had a membrane-lik…
Chapter 25: The History of Life on Earth
Macroevolutionary Changes
Origin of Life on Earth
4 main Stages
Early Atmosphere
broad pattern of evolution above the species level
Chemical and Physical Processes on early Earth coupled with N…
1.Abiotic (non-biological) Synthesis of small organic molecul…
Atmosphere was Anaerobic and devoid of Oxygen
Macroevolutionary Changes
broad pattern of evolution above the species level
Origin of Life on Earth
Chemical and Physical Processes on early Earth coupled with N…
Earth Science Chapter 25
First country to build rockets
first rocket propellant
Rockets red glare rocket
US space program with the purpose of l…
china
gun powder
Congreve
Apollo
First country to build rockets
china
first rocket propellant
gun powder
9 terms
American History Chapter 25
Contract with America
Whitewater Affair
Apartheid
Economic Sanction
Pledge, made by Republican candidates in the 1994 election ca…
Charges that President Clinton had engaged in improper busine…
South Africa's systematic separation of the white and black r…
Trade restrictions and other economic measures intended to pu…
Contract with America
Pledge, made by Republican candidates in the 1994 election ca…
Whitewater Affair
Charges that President Clinton had engaged in improper busine…
345 terms
Chapter 25 The History of Life on Earth
Three hundred million years ago, drago…
Three hundred years ago, these dragon…
During the Carboniferous and permian g…
Many of the gigantic insects that live…
more than 70cm: well over 2 feet. Exceeding or matching the w…
largest predators of their time
350 to 250 million years ago, many arounds of flying insects…
The oxygen concentrations in Earth's atmosphere were about 50…
Three hundred million years ago, drago…
more than 70cm: well over 2 feet. Exceeding or matching the w…
Three hundred years ago, these dragon…
largest predators of their time
The History of Life on Earth (Chapter 25)
Oparin and Haldane
Miller and Urey
Self-Replicating RNA
Prokaryotes
independently hypothesized that the early Earth's atmosphere…
tested Oparin and Haldane's hypothesis and proved that abioti…
first genetic material most likely RNA, not DNA; RNA can carr…
single celled organism that lacks membrane bound organelles
Oparin and Haldane
independently hypothesized that the early Earth's atmosphere…
Miller and Urey
tested Oparin and Haldane's hypothesis and proved that abioti…
20 terms
Chapter 25-- The History of Life on Earth
macroevolution
conditions in early earth that made li…
protobionts
ribozymes
pattern of evolution over large time scales (ex. origin of ph…
1. non living synthesis of small organic molecules ... 2. making…
collections of abiotically produced molecules surrounded by a…
RNA molecule that functions as an enzyme, catalyzing reaction…
macroevolution
pattern of evolution over large time scales (ex. origin of ph…
conditions in early earth that made li…
1. non living synthesis of small organic molecules ... 2. making…
47 terms
Chapter 25: The History of life on Earth
Geological events that alter environme…
Most biologists now think that it is a…
There were four main stages in the evo…
Earth formed about 4.6 billion years ago
change the course of biological evolution; conversely life ch…
that chemical and physical processes on early Earth produced…
Abiotic synthesis of small organic molecules ... Joining of thes…
along with the rest of the solar system; the first life evolv…
Geological events that alter environme…
change the course of biological evolution; conversely life ch…
Most biologists now think that it is a…
that chemical and physical processes on early Earth produced…
18 terms
Chapter 25: The History of Life on Earth
macroevolutionary
Protobionts
ribozymes
radiometric dating
changes over large time scales including... The origin of photos…
aggregates of abiotically produced molecules surrounded by a…
have been found to catalyze many different reactions
The absolute ages of fossils can be determined by
macroevolutionary
changes over large time scales including... The origin of photos…
Protobionts
aggregates of abiotically produced molecules surrounded by a…
Chapter 25 The History of Life on Earth
Geological Time Scale
Strata
Stratigraphy
Radioisotopes
Periods of time on Earth with different physical changes, QTK…
The oldest layers of rock that lie on the bottom and get prog…
The principles that Geologists subsequently combined Steno''s…
Radioactive isotopes of elements that decay in a predictable…
Geological Time Scale
Periods of time on Earth with different physical changes, QTK…
Strata
The oldest layers of rock that lie on the bottom and get prog…
Chapter 25- The History of Life on Earth
Macroevolution
Protocells
Ribozymes
Stromatolites
...
...
...
...
Macroevolution
...
Protocells
...
11 terms
Chapter 25: The History of Life on Earth
protocell
ribozyme
radiometric dating
half-life
an abiotic precursor of a living cell that had a membrane-lik…
an RNA molecule that functions as an enzyme, such as an intro…
a method for determining the absolute age of rocks and fossil…
the amount of time it takes for 50% of a sample of a radioact…
protocell
an abiotic precursor of a living cell that had a membrane-lik…
ribozyme
an RNA molecule that functions as an enzyme, such as an intro…
Chapter 25: The History of Life on Earth
Macroevolution
Protocells
Ribozymes
Radiometric dating
Broad pattern of evolution above the species level
Droplets woth memberanes that maintained an internal chemestr…
Rna molecule that functions as an enzyme
Based on decay of radioactive isotopes
Macroevolution
Broad pattern of evolution above the species level
Protocells
Droplets woth memberanes that maintained an internal chemestr…
11 terms
The History of Life On Earth (Chapter 25)
Radiometric Dating
Half-life
Geologic Record
Stromatolite
A method for determining the absolute age of rocks and fossil…
The amount of time it takes for 50% of a sample of a radioact…
The division of Earth's history into time periods, grouped in…
Layered rock that results from the activities of prokaryotes…
Radiometric Dating
A method for determining the absolute age of rocks and fossil…
Half-life
The amount of time it takes for 50% of a sample of a radioact…
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