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Study sets matching "earth history chapter 25"

chapter 25 history of the earth
has he read abraham?
3.5
2.7-2.5
1.5 bya
nope.... you should give him a Book of Mormon
life begain
o2 producing photosynthesis appears
multicellular eukaryotes
has he read abraham?
nope.... you should give him a Book of Mormon
3.5
life begain
Chapter 25 The Earth's History
Uplifting and folding
Radioactive dating
Geological era
Precambrian era
A geological process that bends layers of the Earth's crust a…
A way to find the age of rocks by measuring the decay, or bre…
A huge period of time in the Earth's history.
The geological era that started 4.5 billion years ago lasted…
Uplifting and folding
A geological process that bends layers of the Earth's crust a…
Radioactive dating
A way to find the age of rocks by measuring the decay, or bre…
16 terms
Earth Science Chapter 25
Light-Year
Apparent Magnitude
Absolute Magnitude
Galaxy
the distance that light travels in one year
amount of light received from a star on Earth
The measure of the amount of light a star gives off
large group of stars, gas and dust held together by gravity
Light-Year
the distance that light travels in one year
Apparent Magnitude
amount of light received from a star on Earth
50 terms
Earth Science Chapter 25
constellations
absolute magnitude
apparent magnitude
light year
a group of stars that forms a shape or pattern, positions see…
a measure of the amount of light that a star actually emits
the brightness of a star when viewed from Earth
The distance light travels in one year
constellations
a group of stars that forms a shape or pattern, positions see…
absolute magnitude
a measure of the amount of light that a star actually emits
Chapter 25 History of the Earth
How do fossils form? How can we figure…
Understand the eons, eras, and selecte…
What 4 events likely happened in order…
What caused the oxygen revolution, and…
-Pressure fm the sediment above causes bottom layers to solid…
-Phanerozoic eon: Cenozoic era, Mesozoic era (Cretaceous peri…
1) abiotic synthesis of organic compounds... 2) abiotic synthesi…
-Rapid increase in oxygen levels at 2.4 bya... -Increased O2 lev…
How do fossils form? How can we figure…
-Pressure fm the sediment above causes bottom layers to solid…
Understand the eons, eras, and selecte…
-Phanerozoic eon: Cenozoic era, Mesozoic era (Cretaceous peri…
12 terms
Chapter 25: The History of Life on Earth
Origin of Life - Step 1
Origin of Life - Step 2
Origin of Life - Step 3
Origin of Life - Step 4
-Abiotic synthesis of small organic molecules.... -Demonstrated…
Macromolecule assembly (polymerization of monomers into more…
-Packaging into protocells. ... -Supported by extensive lab demo…
-Self-replicating molecules.... -RNA is seen as most likely cand…
Origin of Life - Step 1
-Abiotic synthesis of small organic molecules.... -Demonstrated…
Origin of Life - Step 2
Macromolecule assembly (polymerization of monomers into more…
19 terms
Chapter 25: History of Life on Earth
Define macroevolution.
Define fossil.
Define paleontologists.
Define sedimentary rocks.
Evolutionary change above the species level.
A preserved remnant or impression of an organism that lived i…
The scientific study of fossils.
Rock that has formed through the deposition and solidificatio…
Define macroevolution.
Evolutionary change above the species level.
Define fossil.
A preserved remnant or impression of an organism that lived i…
9 terms
Chapter 25 : The History of Life on Earth
The production of simple cells through…
ribozymes
radiometric dating
half-life
1. The nonliving synthesis of small organic molecules (i.e am…
RNA catalysts that act like enzymes
a technique that is based on the decay of radioactive isotope…
the time required for 50% of the parent isotope to decay
The production of simple cells through…
1. The nonliving synthesis of small organic molecules (i.e am…
ribozymes
RNA catalysts that act like enzymes
17 terms
Chapter 25: The History of Life on Earth
macroevolution
protocells
ribozymes
radiometric dating
the broad pattern of evolution above the species level
droplets with membranes that maintained an internal chemistry…
RNA catalyst; some ribozymes can make complementary copies of…
a radioactive "parent" isotope decays to a "daughter" isotope…
macroevolution
the broad pattern of evolution above the species level
protocells
droplets with membranes that maintained an internal chemistry…
65 terms
Chapter 25 The History of the Earth
Macro evolutionary
What is the age of the earth and the s…
When did life first appear?
What was the first form of life ?
change that occurs over a long period of time
4.6 Billion Years old
3.5-3.9 Billion years ago
Cyano Bacteria
Macro evolutionary
change that occurs over a long period of time
What is the age of the earth and the s…
4.6 Billion Years old
23 terms
Chapter 25: The History of Life on Earth
Macroevolution
How long ago was earth formed?
Protocells
RNA
-changes over lifetime scale ... ~emergence of terrestrial vert…
4.6 billion years ago
-replication & metabolism appeared in protocells... -may have fo…
-first genetic material ... -ribozymes catalyze different reacti…
Macroevolution
-changes over lifetime scale ... ~emergence of terrestrial vert…
How long ago was earth formed?
4.6 billion years ago
11 terms
Earth Sicence chapter 25
CONSTELLATION
LIGHT-YEAR
APPARENT MAGNITUDE
ABSOLUTE MAGNITUDE
Patterns of stars named in honor of mythological characters o…
The distance light travels in one year.
A star's brightness as it appears from Earth. Three factors c…
How bright a star actually is.
CONSTELLATION
Patterns of stars named in honor of mythological characters o…
LIGHT-YEAR
The distance light travels in one year.
29 terms
Chapter 25 History of Life on Earth
Macroevolutionary
Stages that led to the creation of sim…
Are organic molecules synthesized outs…
What did early earth's atmosphere cont…
changes over large time scales such as the emergence of terre…
1) abiotic synthesis of small organic molecules (living thing…
No, the organic molecules from which living organisms are com…
water vapor and chemicals
Macroevolutionary
changes over large time scales such as the emergence of terre…
Stages that led to the creation of sim…
1) abiotic synthesis of small organic molecules (living thing…
41 terms
(Chapter 25) The History of Life on Earth
Are Archaea anaerobic or aerobic?
Fossil records show macroevolutionary…
How many extinctions have occurred so…
Chemical and physical processes on ear…
Anaerobic - without oxygen
- The emergence of terrestrial vertebrates... - The origin of ph…
5
Abiotic syntehsis of small organic molecules, join into macro…
Are Archaea anaerobic or aerobic?
Anaerobic - without oxygen
Fossil records show macroevolutionary…
- The emergence of terrestrial vertebrates... - The origin of ph…
26 terms
Chapter 25: The History of Life on Earth
why study the hisotry of life
how old is the planet?
how many years has life been present?
how is the history of life split?
while some biological and evolutionary phenomenon can be stud…
4.65 billion years old
4 billion years... this number keeps getting pushed back further…
into the Precambrian and Phanerozoic
why study the hisotry of life
while some biological and evolutionary phenomenon can be stud…
how old is the planet?
4.65 billion years old
19 terms
Chapter 25 - The History of Life on Earth
macroevolution
protocells
ribozymes
radiometric dating
evolution on a large scale extending over geologic era and re…
droplets with membranes that maintained an internal chemistry…
RNA molecules that function as enzymes
the process of measuring the absolute age of geologic materia…
macroevolution
evolution on a large scale extending over geologic era and re…
protocells
droplets with membranes that maintained an internal chemistry…
15 terms
Chapter 25 - History of Life of Earth
fossil records
production of simple cells
early atmosphere
JBS Haldane
shows macroevolutionary changes overtime ... emergence of terre…
1. abiotic synthesis of small organic molecules ... 2. joining o…
contained water vapor, chemical released by volcanoes (nitrog…
hypothesized that the early atmosphere was a reducing environ…
fossil records
shows macroevolutionary changes overtime ... emergence of terre…
production of simple cells
1. abiotic synthesis of small organic molecules ... 2. joining o…
Chapter 25: The History of Life on Earth
Precambrian, Paleozoic, Mesozoic, Ceno…
geological time scale
strata
stratigraphy, similar, younger, older,…
4 Geological Eras
a system of chronological measurement that relates stratigrap…
found by Danish physician Steno; the layers of rock, in which…
Principles of __________:... Fossils of ______ organisms are fou…
Precambrian, Paleozoic, Mesozoic, Ceno…
4 Geological Eras
geological time scale
a system of chronological measurement that relates stratigrap…
46 terms
Chapter 25: History of Life on Earth
macroevolution
Early Atmosphere
Chemical Evolution
Oparin & Haldane
evolution above the species level
- 4.6 BYA... - methane, water, hydrogen sulfide, ammonia, hydrog…
1. abiotic synthesis of amino acids, nucleotides... 2. monomers…
- abiotic synthesis... - postulated conditions of early earth f…
macroevolution
evolution above the species level
Early Atmosphere
- 4.6 BYA... - methane, water, hydrogen sulfide, ammonia, hydrog…
43 terms
Earth Science Chapter 25
Convergent Plate Boundary
Divergent Plate Boundary
Mid-Ocean Ridge
Rift Valley
Area where tectonic plates merge or come together. Can result…
Boundary between tectonic plates in which the two plates move…
An undersea mountain chain where new ocean floor is produced;…
A deep valley that forms where two plates move apart
Convergent Plate Boundary
Area where tectonic plates merge or come together. Can result…
Divergent Plate Boundary
Boundary between tectonic plates in which the two plates move…
26 terms
Chapter 25 The History of Life on Earth
Earth may have produced very simple ce…
The first genetic material was most li…
The fossil record is biased in favour…
tetrapods
1. Abiotic synthesis of small organic molecules such as amino…
RNA
1) Existed for a long time... 2) Were abundant and widespread... 3)…
animals with four limbs
Earth may have produced very simple ce…
1. Abiotic synthesis of small organic molecules such as amino…
The first genetic material was most li…
RNA
17 terms
Chapter 25 Earth's Moon
astronomy
crater
gibbous
lunar eclipse
The study of the universe.
A bowl-shaped depression on the surface of a moon or a planet…
A phase of the moon in which almost all of the bright half of…
The eclipse that occurs when the moon passes into Earth's tot…
astronomy
The study of the universe.
crater
A bowl-shaped depression on the surface of a moon or a planet…
40 terms
chapter 25 history of life on earth
Chemical/ physical processes on early…
Synthesis of Organic Compounds experim…
miller and urey
miller and urey believe that life bega…
1 - abiotic synthesis of organic molecules... 2 - joining of the…
Miller and Urey ... -Laboratory conditions comparable to early E…
oceans
Chemical/ physical processes on early…
1 - abiotic synthesis of organic molecules... 2 - joining of the…
Synthesis of Organic Compounds experim…
Miller and Urey ... -Laboratory conditions comparable to early E…
9 terms
American History Chapter 25
Contract with America
Whitewater Affair
Apartheid
Economic Sanction
Pledge, made by Republican candidates in the 1994 election ca…
Charges that President Clinton had engaged in improper busine…
South Africa's systematic separation of the white and black r…
Trade restrictions and other economic measures intended to pu…
Contract with America
Pledge, made by Republican candidates in the 1994 election ca…
Whitewater Affair
Charges that President Clinton had engaged in improper busine…
21 terms
Earth Science Chapter 25
altitude
Antarctic Circle
Arctic Circle
celestial object
The angular elevation of an object above the horizon.
The latitude south of which the sun does not rise on the Sout…
The latitude north of which the sun does not rise on the Nort…
Things seen in the sky that are outside Earth's atmosphere.
altitude
The angular elevation of an object above the horizon.
Antarctic Circle
The latitude south of which the sun does not rise on the Sout…
13 terms
ap bio chapter 25 (history of life on earth)
THe planet was formed _____ billion ye…
first atmosphere was composed of ____…
oparin and Haldane...
Miller and Urey...
4.6; cloud of dust and rocks condensed; bombardments by ice a…
water vapor, nitrogen oxides, carbon dioxide, methane, ammoni…
1920s; thought atmosphere was reducing (add electrons and H+…
1953 - tested hypothesis of Oparin and Haldane by recreating…
THe planet was formed _____ billion ye…
4.6; cloud of dust and rocks condensed; bombardments by ice a…
first atmosphere was composed of ____…
water vapor, nitrogen oxides, carbon dioxide, methane, ammoni…
15 terms
Earth Science Chapter 25
Light-Year
Apparent Magnitude
Absolute Magnitude
HR Diagram
the distance that light travels in one year
the brightness of a star when viewed from Earth
The actual brightness of a star
A graph relating the temperature and brightness of stars
Light-Year
the distance that light travels in one year
Apparent Magnitude
the brightness of a star when viewed from Earth
31 terms
Earth Science Chapter 25
First country to build rockets
first rocket propellant
Rockets red glare rocket
US space program with the purpose of l…
china
gun powder
Congreve
Apollo
First country to build rockets
china
first rocket propellant
gun powder
12 terms
Earth Science Chapter 25: Energy Resources
Fuel
Biomass fuel
Hydrocarbon
Peat
Material, such as wood, peat, or coal, burned to produce energy
Fuel derived from living things; renewable sources
Molecules with hydrogen and carbon bonds only; The result of…
Light, spongy, organic fossil fuel derived from moss and othe…
Fuel
Material, such as wood, peat, or coal, burned to produce energy
Biomass fuel
Fuel derived from living things; renewable sources
13 terms
Chapter 25: The History of Life on Earth
adaptive radiation
Cambrian explosion
endosymbiont theory
geologic record
Period of evolutionary change in which groups of organisms fr…
A burst of evolutionary change that occurred about 535-525 mi…
The theory that mitocondria and plastids, including chloropla…
A standard time scale dividing Earth's history into time peri…
adaptive radiation
Period of evolutionary change in which groups of organisms fr…
Cambrian explosion
A burst of evolutionary change that occurred about 535-525 mi…
46 terms
Earth Science Chapter 25
Currents
Surface Currents
Deep Currents
Factors that control surface currents
a horizontal movement of water in a well-defined pattern, suc…
a horizontal movement of ocean water that is caused by wind a…
a stream-like movement of ocean water far below the surface.…
Air currents, Earth's rotation, and location of continents.
Currents
a horizontal movement of water in a well-defined pattern, suc…
Surface Currents
a horizontal movement of ocean water that is caused by wind a…
28 terms
Earth Science - Chapter 25
refracting telescope
reflecting telescope
radio telescope
satellite
telescopes that use lenses to collect incoming light
telescopes that use mirrors to collect incoming light
telescopes that detect energy other than visible light
an object in orbit around a planet
refracting telescope
telescopes that use lenses to collect incoming light
reflecting telescope
telescopes that use mirrors to collect incoming light
30 terms
AP Biology, Chapter 25 The History of Life on Earth
1. Give examples of macroevolutionary…
2. Describe the four stages of the hyp…
3. Describe the contributions that A.…
4. Describe alternative scenarios for…
Emergence of terrestrial vertebrates... Impact of mass extinctio…
Abiotic synthesis of small organic molecules... Abiotic synthesi…
Oparin and Haldane: conditions on the early Earth favored the…
Not a reducing atmosphere... N2 and CO2... Simulations still show f…
1. Give examples of macroevolutionary…
Emergence of terrestrial vertebrates... Impact of mass extinctio…
2. Describe the four stages of the hyp…
Abiotic synthesis of small organic molecules... Abiotic synthesi…
26 terms
Chapter 25 US History
Cold War
Iron Curtain
containment
George F. Kennan
A conflict that was between the US and the Soviet Union. The…
A term popularized by British Prime Minister Winston Churchil…
A U.S. foreign policy adopted by President Harry Truman in th…
an American diplomat in Moscow, best known as "the father of…
Cold War
A conflict that was between the US and the Soviet Union. The…
Iron Curtain
A term popularized by British Prime Minister Winston Churchil…
22 terms
Earth Science Chapter 25
Constellation
Absolute Magnitude
Apparent Magnitude
light-year
group of stars that forms a pattern in the sky that looks lik…
measure of the amount of light a star gives off
measure of the amount of light received on Earth
The distance that light travels in one year
Constellation
group of stars that forms a pattern in the sky that looks lik…
Absolute Magnitude
measure of the amount of light a star gives off
19 terms
Chapter 25 World History
Mao Tse tung
Sun Yat sen
Franco
Hitler
Chinese Communist leader
Nationalist leader of China; dies leading to the Chinese Civi…
Fascist leader of Spain
Fascist leader of Germany
Mao Tse tung
Chinese Communist leader
Sun Yat sen
Nationalist leader of China; dies leading to the Chinese Civi…
13 terms
Chapter 25 History of Life on Earth
Macroevolutionary
Protocells
Ribozymes
Radiometric Dating
The fossil record shows _____ changes over large time scales,…
3. Packaging of molecules into _____
RNA molecules called ____ have been found to catalyze many di…
The absolute ages of fossils can be determined by _____.
Macroevolutionary
The fossil record shows _____ changes over large time scales,…
Protocells
3. Packaging of molecules into _____
44 terms
Chapter 25: History of Life on Earth
macroevolution
four main stages of producing simple c…
protocells
Haldane
the broad pattern of evolution above the species level
1. abiotic synthesis of small organic molecules, 2. joining o…
droplets with membranes that maintained an internal chemistry…
hypothesized that earth's early atmosphere was a reducing (el…
macroevolution
the broad pattern of evolution above the species level
four main stages of producing simple c…
1. abiotic synthesis of small organic molecules, 2. joining o…
36 terms
History of life on earth chapter 25
Fossil record
Orgin of life
4.6
Volcanic eruptions
This shows macroevolutionary changes over larger time scales…
This sequence of stages depicts the how what may have occurre…
Earth formed about how many billion years ago
Earths early atmosphere likely contained water vapor and chem…
Fossil record
This shows macroevolutionary changes over larger time scales…
Orgin of life
This sequence of stages depicts the how what may have occurre…
27 terms
Chapter 25: The History of Life on Earth
Macroevolutionary changes over large t…
Chemical and physical processes on ear…
A. I. Oparin and J. B. S. Haldane
Protobionts
1. the emergence of terrestrial vertebrates ... 2. the origin of…
1. abiotic synthesis of small organic molecules... 2. joining of…
hypothesized that the early atmosphere was a reducing environ…
aggregates of abiotically produced molecules surrounded by a…
Macroevolutionary changes over large t…
1. the emergence of terrestrial vertebrates ... 2. the origin of…
Chemical and physical processes on ear…
1. abiotic synthesis of small organic molecules... 2. joining of…
Chapter 25: The History of Life on Earth
Macroevolutionary Changes
Origin of Life on Earth
4 main Stages
Early Atmosphere
broad pattern of evolution above the species level
Chemical and Physical Processes on early Earth coupled with N…
1.Abiotic (non-biological) Synthesis of small organic molecul…
Atmosphere was Anaerobic and devoid of Oxygen
Macroevolutionary Changes
broad pattern of evolution above the species level
Origin of Life on Earth
Chemical and Physical Processes on early Earth coupled with N…
13 terms
The History of Life on Earth (Chapter 25)
Oparin and Haldane
Miller and Urey
Self-Replicating RNA
Prokaryotes
independently hypothesized that the early Earth's atmosphere…
tested Oparin and Haldane's hypothesis and proved that abioti…
first genetic material most likely RNA, not DNA; RNA can carr…
single celled organism that lacks membrane bound organelles
Oparin and Haldane
independently hypothesized that the early Earth's atmosphere…
Miller and Urey
tested Oparin and Haldane's hypothesis and proved that abioti…
25 terms
Chapter 25: History of Life on Earth
4.6 billion years ago
Early Earth
Miller and Urey
3.5 billion years ago
When did earth form?
Atmosphere was very thick, very little oxygen, no ozone yet,…
Who's experiment simulated early Earth's atmosphere?
When was the oldest prokaryote fossil dated?
4.6 billion years ago
When did earth form?
Early Earth
Atmosphere was very thick, very little oxygen, no ozone yet,…
21 terms
Chapter 25 THE HISTORY OF LIFE ON EARTH
1. Describe the four stages of the hyp…
2. Describe the contributions that A.…
3. Describe the evidence that suggests…
4. Describe how natural selection may…
1. Abiotic (nonliving) synthesis of small organic molecules,…
...
1. RNA is central to information transfer in cells... 2. RNA can…
...
1. Describe the four stages of the hyp…
1. Abiotic (nonliving) synthesis of small organic molecules,…
2. Describe the contributions that A.…
...
47 terms
Chapter 25: The History of life on Earth
Geological events that alter environme…
Most biologists now think that it is a…
There were four main stages in the evo…
Earth formed about 4.6 billion years ago
change the course of biological evolution; conversely life ch…
that chemical and physical processes on early Earth produced…
Abiotic synthesis of small organic molecules ... Joining of thes…
along with the rest of the solar system; the first life evolv…
Geological events that alter environme…
change the course of biological evolution; conversely life ch…
Most biologists now think that it is a…
that chemical and physical processes on early Earth produced…
11 terms
Chapter 25: History of Life on Earth
4.6 billion years
Vesicles
RNA
Ribozyme
Age of Earth
Louisville compartments found by membrane like structures. Ca…
Important for protein synthesis likely the first genetic mate…
RNA Catalyst that can carry out and I'm like functions.
4.6 billion years
Age of Earth
Vesicles
Louisville compartments found by membrane like structures. Ca…
18 terms
Chapter 25: The History of Life on Earth
macroevolutionary
Protobionts
ribozymes
radiometric dating
changes over large time scales including... The origin of photos…
aggregates of abiotically produced molecules surrounded by a…
have been found to catalyze many different reactions
The absolute ages of fossils can be determined by
macroevolutionary
changes over large time scales including... The origin of photos…
Protobionts
aggregates of abiotically produced molecules surrounded by a…
14 terms
Earth science: chapter 25
Constellation
Binary stars
Protostar
Light-year
were names in honor of mythological characters or great heroes
these pairs of stars, pulled toward each other by gravity
is a developing star not yet hot enough to engage in nuclear…
a better unit to express stellar distance
Constellation
were names in honor of mythological characters or great heroes
Binary stars
these pairs of stars, pulled toward each other by gravity
10 terms
Chapter 25- The History of Life on Earth
Macroevolution
Protocells
Ribozymes
Stromatolites
...
...
...
...
Macroevolution
...
Protocells
...
50 terms
Chapter 25: The History of Life on Earth
Macroevolution
What are the 4 main stages scientists…
Protocells
Synthesis of organic compounds on eart…
the broad pattern of evolution above the species level
1- the abiotic (nonliving) synthesis of organic molecules (am…
droplets with membranes with different internal chemistry tha…
the collisions that created earth generated so much heat that…
Macroevolution
the broad pattern of evolution above the species level
What are the 4 main stages scientists…
1- the abiotic (nonliving) synthesis of organic molecules (am…
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