Study sets matching "earth science 4 yale"

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Study sets matching "earth science 4 yale"

42 terms
4 Earth Science Earth
1968
Apollo 8
Vietnam war social injustice riots Col…
December 21 , 1968
In ______ ( year) the first space ship orbited the moon.
What was the space ship called that orbited the moon for the…
What was some of the conflicts going on when we orbited the m…
When did Apollo 8 launch .
1968
In ______ ( year) the first space ship orbited the moon.
Apollo 8
What was the space ship called that orbited the moon for the…
50 terms
Earth Science Chapter 4
weathering
erosion
physical weathering and chemical weath…
ice wedging
the break down of rocks by natural forces
the carrying away of rock fragments, such as by wind or runni…
the 2 general types of weathering
a type of weathering that occurs when rainwater soaks into cr…
weathering
the break down of rocks by natural forces
erosion
the carrying away of rock fragments, such as by wind or runni…
13 terms
Earth Science Topic 4
axis
constellation
Coriolis effect
eclipse
An imaginary line through a planet's north and south poles on…
A group of stars that form a pattern in the sky
The effect of Earth's rotation on the direction of winds and…
The partial or total blocking of one object in space by another
axis
An imaginary line through a planet's north and south poles on…
constellation
A group of stars that form a pattern in the sky
Earth Science 4.1 Earth's Interior
Seismic Waves
Pressure
Crust
Mantle
Waves produced by earthquakes
Force pressing on a certain area
The layer of rock that forms earth's outer skin
A layer of hot rock beneath the crust
Seismic Waves
Waves produced by earthquakes
Pressure
Force pressing on a certain area
10 terms
Earth Science week 4
Gravitational pull
Big Bang Theory
Electromagnetic Spectrum
Satellite
The force of gravity between two objects like the Earth and t…
Cosmological model that explains the sudden development of th…
The arrangement of waves of radiant energy in order of wavele…
A natural or artificial body that revolves around a planet
Gravitational pull
The force of gravity between two objects like the Earth and t…
Big Bang Theory
Cosmological model that explains the sudden development of th…
25 terms
Earth Science Regents Vocabulary 4
Jet Stream
Joule
Kinetic energy
land breeze
Very fast winds that flow in the upper atmosphere from west t…
Used to measure energy
energy in motion
blows at night from the land to sea
Jet Stream
Very fast winds that flow in the upper atmosphere from west t…
Joule
Used to measure energy
18 terms
Earth Science Ch. 4 "ROCKS"
Granitic
Rock Cycle
Basaltic
Metamorphic Rock
Igneous rocks that are light-colored rocks of lower density t…
Model that illustrates the processes that create and change r…
Igneous rocks that are dense, dark-colored, and form from mag…
Rock that has changed because of changes in temperature and p…
Granitic
Igneous rocks that are light-colored rocks of lower density t…
Rock Cycle
Model that illustrates the processes that create and change r…
17 terms
Earth Science 4
fossil
paleontologist
catastrophism
uniformitarianism
the preserved remains or evidence of past living organisms
scientist who studies fossils
the idea that conditions and organisms on Earth change in qui…
a principle stating that geologic processes that occur today…
fossil
the preserved remains or evidence of past living organisms
paleontologist
scientist who studies fossils
Earth Science 4
Summer Solstice
Solstice
Winter Solstice
Spring Equinox
The first day of summer when the earth is tilted directly tow…
Occurs when the earth is either fully tilted toward the sun o…
The first day of winter when the earth is fully tilted away f…
The first day of spring when the earth begins to tilt toward…
Summer Solstice
The first day of summer when the earth is tilted directly tow…
Solstice
Occurs when the earth is either fully tilted toward the sun o…
12 terms
Earth Science - Chapter 4
Outer Planets
Inner Planets
Star
Moon
Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, and Pluto
Mercury, Venus, Earth, and Mars
Object that makes its own light
Satellite that orbits a planet
Outer Planets
Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, and Pluto
Inner Planets
Mercury, Venus, Earth, and Mars
7 terms
Earth Science 4.4
mid-ocean ridge
sonar
sea-floor spreading
deep-ocean trenches
The undersea mountain chain where new ocean floor is produced…
A system that determines the distance of an object under wate…
The process by which molten material adds new oceanic crust t…
a deep valley along the ocean floor through which oceanic cru…
mid-ocean ridge
The undersea mountain chain where new ocean floor is produced…
sonar
A system that determines the distance of an object under wate…
11 terms
Earth Science Chapter 4: Earth's Resources
Renewable resource
Nonrenewable resource
Fossil fuel
Ore
a resource that is virtually inexhaustible or that can be rep…
resource that takes millions of years to form
general term for any hydrocarbon that may be used as a fuel,…
a material from which a useful mineral or minerals can be min…
Renewable resource
a resource that is virtually inexhaustible or that can be rep…
Nonrenewable resource
resource that takes millions of years to form
31 terms
Earth Science - Chp. 4
23 1/2°
Waters special properties
Earth's perfect atmosphere
Earth's magnetic field
The incline of the Earth's axis from the vertical
1. It dissolves and transports nutrients that living things n…
1. Made of gases that are colorless and clear... 2. Blocks dange…
1. Provides protection against dangerous energetic radiation…
23 1/2°
The incline of the Earth's axis from the vertical
Waters special properties
1. It dissolves and transports nutrients that living things n…
Earth Science - Chapter 4
Geology
Inner Core
Outer Core
Mantle
the study of planet earth, its structure and how it has chang…
center of earth, made of SOLID iron and nickel
surrounds the inner core, this is LIQUID iron and nickel
the thickest layer of the earth - it is mostly iron, silicon…
Geology
the study of planet earth, its structure and how it has chang…
Inner Core
center of earth, made of SOLID iron and nickel
8 terms
Earth Science 4.1 Vocabulary
cosmology
Big Bang Theory
Cosmic Background Radiation
celestial object
The study of the origin, properties, processes, and evolution…
Cosmological model that explains the sudden development of th…
Relatively uniform low temperature radiation that is present…
Any object that exists in space.
cosmology
The study of the origin, properties, processes, and evolution…
Big Bang Theory
Cosmological model that explains the sudden development of th…
Earth Science 3.4 Glaciers
Glacier
Continental Glacier
Ice Age
Valley Glacier
A large mass of ice that moves slowly over land
A glacier that covers most of a continent or large island
A time when a continental glacier covered large parts of eart…
A long, narrow glacier formed when snow and ice build up high…
Glacier
A large mass of ice that moves slowly over land
Continental Glacier
A glacier that covers most of a continent or large island
10 terms
Earth Science, Chapter 4
rock cycle
rock
erosion
deposition
process in which a rock forms, changes from one type to anoth…
a naturally occurring solid mixture of one or more minerals O…
wind, water, ice, or gravity transport soil and sediment form…
process in which material is laid down
rock cycle
process in which a rock forms, changes from one type to anoth…
rock
a naturally occurring solid mixture of one or more minerals O…
45 terms
Earth Science Ch. 4 "ROCKS"
Granitic
Rock Cycle
Basaltic
Metamorphic Rock
Igneous rocks that are light-colored, high silica content ign…
Model that illustrates the processes that create and change r…
Igneous rocks that are dense, dark-colored, and form from lav…
Rock that has changed because of changes in temperature and p…
Granitic
Igneous rocks that are light-colored, high silica content ign…
Rock Cycle
Model that illustrates the processes that create and change r…
Earth Science , chp. 4
fossil
original remains
ice core
Rock fossils form
remains of living things from long ago found in rocks, give e…
actual bodies or body parts of organisms, ice, amber & tar
a tubular sample that shows the layers of snow and ice that b…
in sedementary rocks
fossil
remains of living things from long ago found in rocks, give e…
original remains
actual bodies or body parts of organisms, ice, amber & tar
183 terms
4 earth science finals
glacial ice comes from snow which has…
found in polar regions ... ex) ___________
glacial origins are indicated by _____…
valley glaciers form in __________ and…
compacted
continental glaciers... greenland
cirques... U shaped valleys
mountains... downward
glacial ice comes from snow which has…
compacted
found in polar regions ... ex) ___________
continental glaciers... greenland
15 terms
Earth Science Credit 4
plate boundary
faults
strike-slip fault
folded mountain
where two rigid sections of the lithosphere (plates) meet
a fracture in Earth along which movement has occurred
a fault along which the movement is horizontal and parallel t…
a mountain created primarily by compressional stresses; such…
plate boundary
where two rigid sections of the lithosphere (plates) meet
faults
a fracture in Earth along which movement has occurred
16 terms
4-Earth Science-Rocks
Rock
Rock Cycle
Igneous Rock
Lava
mixture of minerals, rock fragments, volcanic glass, organic…
model that illustrates the processes that create and change r…
rock formed when magma cools and hardens
magma the reaches the earth's surface flowing from volcanoes…
Rock
mixture of minerals, rock fragments, volcanic glass, organic…
Rock Cycle
model that illustrates the processes that create and change r…
Earth Science Unit 4
Longitude
Globe
Eastern, Western
Prime Meridian
Longitude is measured from the Prime Meridian (which is the l…
a sphere that represents Earth's entire surface
The two hemispheres formed by the prime meridian and the 180…
The meridian, designated at 0° longitude, which passes throug…
Longitude
Longitude is measured from the Prime Meridian (which is the l…
Globe
a sphere that represents Earth's entire surface
Earth Science Chapter 4
Rock
Grains
How do geologists use grains to classi…
What are two observations geologists u…
A natural, solid mixture of minerals or grains
Fragments that make up a rock
By the grain's size, shape, and chemical composition
Texture and composition
Rock
A natural, solid mixture of minerals or grains
Grains
Fragments that make up a rock
18 terms
Earth Science - Test 4
climate
weather
hurricane
tornado
the pattern of weather over many years
the day to day conditions in the atmosphere
a tropical storm that forms over the ocean
a rapidly circling column of air
climate
the pattern of weather over many years
weather
the day to day conditions in the atmosphere
8 terms
Earth Science 4
Alternative Energy
Solar energy
Hydroelectric Energy
Geothermal Energy
Sources of energy to use in place of nonrenewable resources w…
Transferring heat and light from the sun into electrical ener…
Transferring the energy in running water into electrical ener…
Capturing the heat within the earth to use for heat in homes
Alternative Energy
Sources of energy to use in place of nonrenewable resources w…
Solar energy
Transferring heat and light from the sun into electrical ener…
38 terms
Topic 4 (Earth Science)
apparent motion
proper motion
proper and apparent motion occur
proper motions involving Earth
is a motion that appears to happen
motion that actually happens
at the same rate and in opposite directions
-Earth rotates once per day from west to east ... -Earth revolve…
apparent motion
is a motion that appears to happen
proper motion
motion that actually happens
10 terms
Earth Science 4.1
Seismic Waves
Pressure
Crust; oceanic and continental
Mantle
a vibration that travels that travels through Earth carrying…
the amount of force pushing on a surface or area
the layer of rock that forms Earth's outer surface; 2 types
the layer of hot, solid material between Earth's crust and core
Seismic Waves
a vibration that travels that travels through Earth carrying…
Pressure
the amount of force pushing on a surface or area
10 terms
Earth Science 4.3
theory of continental drift
pangaea
Laurasia and Gondwanaland
laurasia
The hypothesis that the continents slowly move across Earth's…
The name of a single landmass that broke apart 225 million ye…
What 2 landmasses did Pangaea split into?
North America, Asia, Europe
theory of continental drift
The hypothesis that the continents slowly move across Earth's…
pangaea
The name of a single landmass that broke apart 225 million ye…
5 terms
Earth Science Ch. 4
humus
soil
minerals
grain
a part of soil made of bits of decayed plants and animals
a layer of loose materials on Earth's surface that is made up…
solid nonliving materials found in nature
a small piece that makes up rock or soil
humus
a part of soil made of bits of decayed plants and animals
soil
a layer of loose materials on Earth's surface that is made up…
11 terms
Earth science 4.5
plates
plate tectonic
ashtenosphere
earthquakes, rift valley, mountains
a section of the lithosphere that slowly moves over the asthe…
the theory that pieces of Earth's lithosphere are in constant…
On what do the plates of the lithosphere float?
What are three products of plate movement
plates
a section of the lithosphere that slowly moves over the asthe…
plate tectonic
the theory that pieces of Earth's lithosphere are in constant…
8 terms
Earth Science Ch 4
Landforms
Erosion
Glacier
Deposition
A surface feature of Earth's land
The process of picking up weathered rock and moving it to a n…
A large sheet of ice that moves slowly over land
The process of dropping eroded rock in a new place
Landforms
A surface feature of Earth's land
Erosion
The process of picking up weathered rock and moving it to a n…
Earth Science Ch. 4 "ROCKS"
Granitic
Rock Cycle
Basaltic
Metamorphic Rock
Igneous rocks that are light-colored, high silica content ign…
Model that illustrates the processes that create and change r…
Igneous rocks that are dense, dark-colored, and form from lav…
Rock that has changed because of changes in temperature and p…
Granitic
Igneous rocks that are light-colored, high silica content ign…
Rock Cycle
Model that illustrates the processes that create and change r…
Earth Science Chapter 4 Minerals
mineral
crystal
magma
silicate
a naturally occuring, inorganic solid with a specific chemica…
a solid in which the atoms are arranged in repeating patterns
molten (melted) material found beneath Earth's surface
mineral that contains silicon and oxygen, and make up approxi…
mineral
a naturally occuring, inorganic solid with a specific chemica…
crystal
a solid in which the atoms are arranged in repeating patterns
Science: 4 Makeup of the Earth
oceans
river
lake
landforms
made from salt ... largest body of water... 3/4 of the earth is cov…
large body of water... flows into a larger body of water
body of water surrounded by land
found on 1/4 of the Earth... shape the land... mountains... plains... pla…
oceans
made from salt ... largest body of water... 3/4 of the earth is cov…
river
large body of water... flows into a larger body of water
Earth Science Term 4
Primary waves
Secondary waves
Body waves
Surface waves
fastest waves... travel through solids, liquids, or gases... longit…
slower than Primary waves... travel through solids only... transver…
Primary and Secondary waves
Rayleigh and Love waves. ... Travel below or along the grounds s…
Primary waves
fastest waves... travel through solids, liquids, or gases... longit…
Secondary waves
slower than Primary waves... travel through solids only... transver…
21 terms
Earth Science Chapter 4: Rocks
Texture
Grains
igneous rock
metamorphic rock
the look and feel of the rock's surface
A particle of mineral or other rock that gives a rock its tex…
a type of rock that forms form the cooling of molten rock at…
a type of rock that forms from an existing rock that is chang…
Texture
the look and feel of the rock's surface
Grains
A particle of mineral or other rock that gives a rock its tex…
37 terms
Earth Science Unit 4
GEYSER
HOT SPRING
SPOUTERS
FUMAROLE
a hot spring that periodically blows steam and water into the…
heated water that rises to the surface
water that continuously bubbles and gives off steam
superheated steam that rises to the surface
GEYSER
a hot spring that periodically blows steam and water into the…
HOT SPRING
heated water that rises to the surface
13 terms
Earth Science ch4
Renewable resources
Nonrenewable Resources
Fossil Fuel
Ore
A renewable resource can be replenished over fairly short tim…
By contrast, a nonrenewable resource takes millions of years…
A fossil fuel is any hydrocarbon that may be used as a source…
Ore is a useful metallic mineral that can be mined at a profit.
Renewable resources
A renewable resource can be replenished over fairly short tim…
Nonrenewable Resources
By contrast, a nonrenewable resource takes millions of years…
73 terms
Earth Science Unit 4
Eccentricity and Ellipse
Ellipse
Eccentricity
Eccentricity Formula
planets travel around the Sun in elliptical paths
circular shape that consists of two properties length of majo…
the amount of flattening of an ellipse
Eccentricity= distance between foci / length of major axis…
Eccentricity and Ellipse
planets travel around the Sun in elliptical paths
Ellipse
circular shape that consists of two properties length of majo…
12 terms
Earth Science 11.4
Wetland
freshwater and saltwater
grassy areas covered by shallow water…
flooded forest, trees and shrubs. most…
An area of land that is covered with a shallow layer of water…
What are two main types of wetlands?
Describe a marsh. What kind of wetland?
Define swamp. What kind of wetland?
Wetland
An area of land that is covered with a shallow layer of water…
freshwater and saltwater
What are two main types of wetlands?
6 terms
Earth Science 3.4
Fringe Reef
Barrier Reef
Atoll
calcium, calcite, skeleton
reef that lies close to shore, separated from land by shallow…
reef that lies farther out, at least 10 km from the land
A ring-shaped coral island found far from land
Coral absorbs _________ (element) from the water, turns it in…
Fringe Reef
reef that lies close to shore, separated from land by shallow…
Barrier Reef
reef that lies farther out, at least 10 km from the land
6 terms
Earth Science 17.4
Meteorologist
computers
weather balloons and satelites
isobars
scientists who study the causes of weather and try to predict…
What is the ultimate source of weather information?
Name two forms of weather technology
lines joining places that have the same air pressure
Meteorologist
scientists who study the causes of weather and try to predict…
computers
What is the ultimate source of weather information?
Earth Science: Ch. 4 - Rocks
rock
rock cycle
igneous rock
intrusive igneous rock
A naturally occurring solid mixture of one or more minerals o…
A model to show the processes that create and change rocks.
a type of rock that forms from the cooling of molten rock at…
rock formed from the cooling and solidification of magma bene…
rock
A naturally occurring solid mixture of one or more minerals o…
rock cycle
A model to show the processes that create and change rocks.
22 terms
Utah Earth Science Standard 4
Hydrosphere
groundwater
water cycle
evaporation
all the water on Earth
water found in aquifers, or spaces underground
the cycle that moves water through living and nonliving things
water changes from a liquid to a gas; molecules speed up
Hydrosphere
all the water on Earth
groundwater
water found in aquifers, or spaces underground
27 terms
Earth Science Chapter 4
Charles Lyell
Charles Darwin
James Hutton
John Whitcomb
Father of Geology; uniformitarianism
Father of Evolution
Founder of Modern Geology; believed that the earth is ancient…
co-authored The Genesis Flood; restored the young earth view
Charles Lyell
Father of Geology; uniformitarianism
Charles Darwin
Father of Evolution
21 terms
Earth Science Chapt 4
asthenosphere
continental crust
continental drift
convection
layer of the mantle beneath the lithosphere that consists of…
material that makes up landmasses
hypothesis stating that the continents once formed a single l…
transfer of heat through the movement of fluid material
asthenosphere
layer of the mantle beneath the lithosphere that consists of…
continental crust
material that makes up landmasses
9 terms
Earth Science 13.4
Currents; go through water instead of…
wind
Coriolis effect
South= left... North= right
a large stream of moving water that flows through an ocean; h…
What power surface currents?
the way Earth's rotation makes winds in the Northern Hemisphe…
Which way do the winds blow/ currents flow in each hemisphere?
Currents; go through water instead of…
a large stream of moving water that flows through an ocean; h…
wind
What power surface currents?
21 terms
Earth Science Vocabulary Topic 4
energy
kinetic energy
potential energy
electromagnetic energy
The ability to do work.
The energy of motion.
Stored energy; energy an object or system has due to it posit…
Energy that has the properties of transverse waves
energy
The ability to do work.
kinetic energy
The energy of motion.
Earth Science Chapter 4
The point on the Earth's surface havin…
The distance in degrees east or west o…
Topographic maps are usually large-sca…
A mineral must be inorganic, which mea…
where the equator crosses the prime meridian
longitude
a close-up view of part of Earth's surface
no materials that were once part of living things
The point on the Earth's surface havin…
where the equator crosses the prime meridian
The distance in degrees east or west o…
longitude
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