Study sets matching "earth science 8"

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Study sets matching "earth science 8"

60 terms
Earth Science 8 MCA Vocabulary Words
Axis
Gravity
Inertia
Phase
An imaginary line through a body, about which it rotates.
A force of attraction between objects that is due to their ma…
Resistance of an object to a change in its motion
one of the different shapes of the moon as seen from Earth
Axis
An imaginary line through a body, about which it rotates.
Gravity
A force of attraction between objects that is due to their ma…
34 terms
Earth Science chapter 8
igneous
Magma
Lava
Pahoehoe
fire-formed
Liquid rock beneath Earth's surface
Liquid rock above Earth's surface
Lava with smoothly wrinkled ropey surface
igneous
fire-formed
Magma
Liquid rock beneath Earth's surface
Earth science 8.1
Earthquake
Fault
Epicenter
Focus
The vibration of earth produced by the rapid release of energy
A fracture in earth along which movement has occured
The location on earths surface directly above the focus or or…
The point within earth where an earthquake originates
Earthquake
The vibration of earth produced by the rapid release of energy
Fault
A fracture in earth along which movement has occured
Earth Science 8.2
Seismograph
Seismogram
Surface waves
P-wave
An intrument that records earthquake waves
A record made by a seismograph showing p-waves s-waves and su…
When saturated soil behaves like liquid during an earthquake
1st earthquake wave pushes and pulls rocks in the direction o…
Seismograph
An intrument that records earthquake waves
Seismogram
A record made by a seismograph showing p-waves s-waves and su…
19 terms
Earth Science-8: Seasons
What direction do you look for all noo…
Parallelism of Axis.
Aphelion.
Duration.
South.
Axis always points to Polaris.
Summer is when we are farthest from the sun.
How long the Sun is out.
What direction do you look for all noo…
South.
Parallelism of Axis.
Axis always points to Polaris.
22 terms
Science 8-ILS/Earth Science Review
lithosphere
hydrosphere
atmosphere
erosion
earth's rock layer
earth's water layer
earth's air layer
carries away rock
lithosphere
earth's rock layer
hydrosphere
earth's water layer
Earth Science 8--Rocks
The remains of a plant or animal impri…
The name of the metamorphic rock that…
The type of igneous rock produced by c…
The type of sedimentary rock that is c…
fossils
slate
extrusive
clastic
The remains of a plant or animal impri…
fossils
The name of the metamorphic rock that…
slate
12 terms
Earth Science 8.8
accretion
condensation theory
interstellar
nebula
process of steady growth of an object by a steady accumulatio…
theory about the origin of the solar system that agrees with…
among or between stars
enormous cloud of gas and dust in space
accretion
process of steady growth of an object by a steady accumulatio…
condensation theory
theory about the origin of the solar system that agrees with…
10 terms
Earth Science lesson 8
natural resource
inexhaustible resource
renewable resource
nonrenewable resource
something found in nature that people use
a resource that can be used over and over
a resource that can be replaced
a resource that cannot be replaced
natural resource
something found in nature that people use
inexhaustible resource
a resource that can be used over and over
26 terms
Earth science vocab 8
Fault
Elastic rebound hypothesis
Aftershock
Foreshock
A fracture in earth along which movement has occurred
The explanation stating that when he walks are deformed they…
Is not earthquake that often proceeds a major earthquake
He small earthquake that often precedes a major earthquake
Fault
A fracture in earth along which movement has occurred
Elastic rebound hypothesis
The explanation stating that when he walks are deformed they…
38 terms
Earth Science Ch. 8
Earthquakes
Elastic Rebound Theory
shear strength
elastic potential energy
vibration of earth produced by the rapid release of energy st…
tectonic plates move relative to each other, elastic strain p…
the strength of a material against structural failure
energy that is stored in objects that are stretched, compress…
Earthquakes
vibration of earth produced by the rapid release of energy st…
Elastic Rebound Theory
tectonic plates move relative to each other, elastic strain p…
35 terms
earth science-chapter 8-Matter
physical properties
subatomic particle
chemical properties
isotopes
properties that can be observed without changing the chemical…
protons, neutrons, electrons
Characteristics of a substance that determine how it will rea…
atoms of the same element that have different numbers of neut…
physical properties
properties that can be observed without changing the chemical…
subatomic particle
protons, neutrons, electrons
23 terms
Earth Science Chapter 8.2
If droplets or crystals are present in…
Most clouds are a result of . . .
Low-level clouds
Mid-level clouds
Cloud
Adiabatic cooling
surface of the earth to 6500 feet
6500 - 23000 feet
If droplets or crystals are present in…
Cloud
Most clouds are a result of . . .
Adiabatic cooling
10 terms
Earth science #8
Continental plates
Convection
Convection currents
Conventional oil
A tectonic plate made up primarily of continental lithosphere
Transfer of heat by the circulating movement of warmed matter
(Atmospheric) circulating air currents that transfer heat fro…
Oil contained in high-permeability reservoirs
Continental plates
A tectonic plate made up primarily of continental lithosphere
Convection
Transfer of heat by the circulating movement of warmed matter
earth science 8
weather
water cycle
humidity
relative humidity
condition of the atmosphere at a certain time and place.
continuous movement of water from sources on earths surface.…
the amount of water vapor in the air.
the ratio of the amount of water vapor in the air to the maxi…
weather
condition of the atmosphere at a certain time and place.
water cycle
continuous movement of water from sources on earths surface.…
Earth Science 8-10
Earthquake
Fault
True
Focus
The vibration of the Earth produced by the rapid release of e…
Fractures in the Earth where movement has occurred
T/F Crust can move vertically, horizontally, or rotationally…
The point within the Earth where an earthquake starts
Earthquake
The vibration of the Earth produced by the rapid release of e…
Fault
Fractures in the Earth where movement has occurred
Earth Science - Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Uniformitarianism
Relative Age
Law of Superposition
Uncomformity
a principle that geologic processes that occurred in the past…
the age of an object in relation to the ages of other objects
the law that a sedimentary rock layer is older than the layer…
a break in the geologic record created when rock layers are e…
Uniformitarianism
a principle that geologic processes that occurred in the past…
Relative Age
the age of an object in relation to the ages of other objects
48 terms
Science 8: Chapter 1 The World of Earth Science
hypothesis
inference
law
presupposition
an initial explanation that guides a scientist's research
a conclusion that is drawn from an assumed thruth
a description that may include an equation with symbols
an initial explanation that guides a scientist's research
hypothesis
an initial explanation that guides a scientist's research
inference
a conclusion that is drawn from an assumed thruth
8 Science Earth crust
Crust
Mantle
Core
Lithosphere
the outer layer of the earth, about 22 miles deep under the c…
interior of Earth, similar to the other terrestrial planets,…
a mass of iron serving to concentrate and intensify the magne…
the rigid outer part of the earth, consisting of the crust an…
Crust
the outer layer of the earth, about 22 miles deep under the c…
Mantle
interior of Earth, similar to the other terrestrial planets,…
Sedimentary - Earth Science 8
Lithification
Stratification
Superposition
Clastic
NA
NA
NA
NA
Lithification
NA
Stratification
NA
Earth Science 8
Continental Drift
Convergent Boundary
Pangaea
Divergent Boundary
Continents have moved slowly to their current locations.
The boundary between two plates that are moving apart.
When all Continents were part of one huge land mass.
the Mid-Atlantic Ridge
Continental Drift
Continents have moved slowly to their current locations.
Convergent Boundary
The boundary between two plates that are moving apart.
40 terms
SCIENCE 8: EARTH SCIENCE
PHIVOLCS
Communities living near volcanoes
Fault
Fault Zones
Philippin Institute of Volcanology and Seismology; archipelag…
Culture practice disaster preparedness
Fracture of break in the Earth's crust; because these rocks a…
Many faults spread over a wide area
PHIVOLCS
Philippin Institute of Volcanology and Seismology; archipelag…
Communities living near volcanoes
Culture practice disaster preparedness
20 terms
Earth Science Ch. 8
Floodplain
Water diversion
Runoff
River basin
The low, flat part of a valley is the ________________.
________ is the changing of the natural water flow by people.
______ is water that flows over Earth's surface.
A ___________ is the land area drained by a river system.
Floodplain
The low, flat part of a valley is the ________________.
Water diversion
________ is the changing of the natural water flow by people.
18 terms
Earth Science Chapter 8
seismology
tectonic plates
fault
deformation
study of earthquakes
giant pieces of earth's thin, outermost layer
a break in the earth's crust along which blocks of crust slide
the change in the shape of rock in response to stress
seismology
study of earthquakes
tectonic plates
giant pieces of earth's thin, outermost layer
10 terms
Earth Science8
atmosphere
convection
flood
greenhouse effect
layers of gases surrounding earth's... surface
process of hot humid air mass rising... in atmosphere
an overflow of water onto dry land
trapping of heat radiation by Earth's... gases
atmosphere
layers of gases surrounding earth's... surface
convection
process of hot humid air mass rising... in atmosphere
35 terms
Yr 8 - Earth Science
Mineral
Lithosphere
Magma
Sediment
Make up rocks; any of the inorganic elements that are essenti…
The outermost layer of the Earth, includes the crust and uppe…
A very hot mixture of molten rock and gases, just below the E…
Material broken down by weathering and erosion that is moved…
Mineral
Make up rocks; any of the inorganic elements that are essenti…
Lithosphere
The outermost layer of the Earth, includes the crust and uppe…
29 terms
Earth Science 8
Tornado
Typhoon
Maritime Polar
Sun
Violent,funnel shaped,whirling wind that moves in a narrow pa…
Another name for a hurricane in the Pacific Ocean or the Indi…
mP
Major source of energy
Tornado
Violent,funnel shaped,whirling wind that moves in a narrow pa…
Typhoon
Another name for a hurricane in the Pacific Ocean or the Indi…
20 terms
Earth Science Chapter 8
Massive stars, many times heavier than…
In the reaction for the decomposition…
Since we are unable to directly sample…
What percentage of the total mass of t…
supernova... Supernovae (plural of supernova) are explosions of…
4 moles are produced.... The coefficients in front of each comp…
proxy... Proxy data is biological, chemical, mineralogical and…
99%
Massive stars, many times heavier than…
supernova... Supernovae (plural of supernova) are explosions of…
In the reaction for the decomposition…
4 moles are produced.... The coefficients in front of each comp…
56 terms
Earth Science chp. 8
earthquake
fault
joint
focus
a vibration of the earth's crust (and more) caused by a rapid…
a large fracture in the earth's crust along which movement ha…
a large fracture in the earth's crust where no movement has o…
the point/area where an earthquake begins; the area where a f…
earthquake
a vibration of the earth's crust (and more) caused by a rapid…
fault
a large fracture in the earth's crust along which movement ha…
8.1 Earth Science
earthquake
focus
epicenter
fault
vibration of earth produced by the rapid release of energy
the point with in the earth where the earthquake starts
location on the surface directly above the focus
fractures in earth where movement has occurred
earthquake
vibration of earth produced by the rapid release of energy
focus
the point with in the earth where the earthquake starts
Minerals - Earth Science 8
Mineral properties
Fracture
Cleavage
Luster
Naturally occurring... Solid... Crystal structure... Forms by inorgani…
The breaking of a mineral in an irregular way
The breaking of a mineral that splits evenly along flat surfa…
The term used to describe how light is reflected off a mineral
Mineral properties
Naturally occurring... Solid... Crystal structure... Forms by inorgani…
Fracture
The breaking of a mineral in an irregular way
Earth Science 1121 8
Where does the majority of magma origi…
Magma is produced in one of three plat…
What determines the way a volcano erup…
Mafic
Upper mantle
Divergent plate boundaries, both ocean ridges and continental…
Magma's composition which is determined by the tectonic setting
Magma (or rock) rich in iron and magnesium... "Thin" or low in v…
Where does the majority of magma origi…
Upper mantle
Magma is produced in one of three plat…
Divergent plate boundaries, both ocean ridges and continental…
18 terms
Earth Science 8
Observation
Inference
Geology
Astronomy
Factual information, use your senses
An opinion, what you think based on what your senses are tell…
Study of the earth's crust & core
The study of space, stars, planets & moons
Observation
Factual information, use your senses
Inference
An opinion, what you think based on what your senses are tell…
Earth Science 8
Epicenter
Transform Boundary
Convergent Boundary
Divergent Boundary
The point directly above the focus of an earthquake
When two plates slide against each other
When two plates collide with each other
When two plates move away from each other
Epicenter
The point directly above the focus of an earthquake
Transform Boundary
When two plates slide against each other
Strand 8: Earth Science
Radiocarbon Dating
Decay
Half-Life
Oldest
Process used to determine the age of fossils by measuring car…
Break down of organic material
Time it takes for 1/2 material to decay
Rock at the bottom... (A)
Radiocarbon Dating
Process used to determine the age of fossils by measuring car…
Decay
Break down of organic material
Earth Science 8
Chemical Weathering
Mechanical Weathering
Erosion
Abrasion
Process that breaks down rock through chemical changes
Process that breaks down rock physically
Process by which water, ice, or gravity moves rock and soil
Grinding away of rock by other rock particles carried by elem…
Chemical Weathering
Process that breaks down rock through chemical changes
Mechanical Weathering
Process that breaks down rock physically
Chapter 8: Earth Science
Core
Mantle
Magma
Asthenosphere
The innermost zone of Earth's interior, composed mostly of ir…
The layer of Earth above the core, containing magma.
Molten rock
The layer of Earth located in the outer part of the mantle, c…
Core
The innermost zone of Earth's interior, composed mostly of ir…
Mantle
The layer of Earth above the core, containing magma.
Earth Science 8 #2
Evolution
Extinct
Relative Age
Absolute Age
The process by which all different kinds of living things hav…
Describes a type of organism that no longer exists anywhere o…
The age of rock compared to the ages of rock layers.
The age of rock given as the number of years since the rock f…
Evolution
The process by which all different kinds of living things hav…
Extinct
Describes a type of organism that no longer exists anywhere o…
18 terms
Earth science quiz 8
A narrow, V-shaped river valley is lik…
Artesian wells may be non flowing
Our streams and lakes are fed by predo…
The zone of saturation and the zone of…
False
True
groundwater
water table
A narrow, V-shaped river valley is lik…
False
Artesian wells may be non flowing
True
28 terms
Earth Science Chap 7 & 8
Absolute age
Conservation
disconformity
Fossil fuels
numeric age of an object or event
the preservation and wise use of natural resources
when older horizontal layers lay above younger horizontal lay…
natural resources formed formed from the remains of plants an…
Absolute age
numeric age of an object or event
Conservation
the preservation and wise use of natural resources
Earth Science 8
chemical weathering
mechanical weathering
erosion
abrasion
The process that breaks down rock through chemical changes.
The type of weathering in which rock is physically broken int…
The process by which water, ice, wind, or gravity moves weath…
The grinding away of rock by other rock particles carried in…
chemical weathering
The process that breaks down rock through chemical changes.
mechanical weathering
The type of weathering in which rock is physically broken int…
Igneous - Earth Science 8
Felsic
Mafic
Magma
Lava
NA
NA
NA
NA
Felsic
NA
Mafic
NA
Earth Science 8
Chemical Weathering
Mechanical Weathering
Erosion
Abrasion
The process that breaks down rock through chemical changes.
Rock is physically broken into smaller pieces.
When water, wind, ice, or gravity moves weathered rock and so…
The grinding away of rock by other rock particles carried in…
Chemical Weathering
The process that breaks down rock through chemical changes.
Mechanical Weathering
Rock is physically broken into smaller pieces.
22 terms
earth science 8
Abrasion
absolute age
Chemical weathering
continental glacier
The grinding away of rock by another rock particles carried i…
the age of a rock given as the number of years since the rock…
The process that breaks down rock through chemical changes.
a glacier that covers much of a continent or large island
Abrasion
The grinding away of rock by another rock particles carried i…
absolute age
the age of a rock given as the number of years since the rock…
Earth Science 8
Chemical weathering
Mechanical weathering
Erosion
Abrasion
The process that breaks down rock through chemical changes.
The type of weathering in which rock is physically broken int…
The process by which water, ice, wind, or gravity moves weath…
The grinding away of rock by other rock particles carried in…
Chemical weathering
The process that breaks down rock through chemical changes.
Mechanical weathering
The type of weathering in which rock is physically broken int…
20 terms
Gr 8 Earth Science
stress
tension
compression
shearing
a force that acts on rock to change its shape or volume
stress that stretched rock so that it becomes thinner in the…
1. stress that squeezes rock until it folds of breaks... 2. the…
stress that pushes masses of rock in opposite directions, in…
stress
a force that acts on rock to change its shape or volume
tension
stress that stretched rock so that it becomes thinner in the…
29 terms
earth science chapter 8
seismology
deformation
elastic rebound
seismic wave
The study of earthquakes
the bending, tilting, and breaking of the earth's crust; the…
the sudden return of elastically deformed rock to its undefor…
a wave of energy that travels through the Earth, away from an…
seismology
The study of earthquakes
deformation
the bending, tilting, and breaking of the earth's crust; the…
Earth Science Chapter 8
Seismology
Deformation
Elastic Rebound
Seismic Wave
The study of earthquakes
The bending, tilting, and breaking of the Earth's crust; the…
the sudden return of elastically deformed rock to its undefor…
A wave of energy that travels through the Earth, away from an…
Seismology
The study of earthquakes
Deformation
The bending, tilting, and breaking of the Earth's crust; the…
16 terms
Earth Science 8
Climate
Potential Evapotranspiration
Marine Climate
Continental Climate
Overall weather in an area over a long period of time
Amount of water that would be transpired under constantly opt…
The climate of some coastal regions, with relatively warm win…
the climate that centers of climate with cold winters and war…
Climate
Overall weather in an area over a long period of time
Potential Evapotranspiration
Amount of water that would be transpired under constantly opt…
Landforms Earth Science 8
landform
constructive
deconstructive
weathering
A natural land shape or feature
the building up of something
to take down something or to deconstruct
the process of breaking off rock by wind, rain, ice, or natur…
landform
A natural land shape or feature
constructive
the building up of something
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