Study sets matching "earth science chapter 12"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "earth science chapter 12"

Earth Science Chapter 12
Weather
Climate
Air Mass
Maritime
The current state of the atmosphere.
The average weather of a particular area over a long time; 10…
Large body of air that takes on the characteristics of the ar…
A air mass that forms over water.
Weather
The current state of the atmosphere.
Climate
The average weather of a particular area over a long time; 10…
Earth Science Chapter 12 Meteorology
weather
climate
source region
coriolis effect
short- term variations in atmospheric phenomena that interact…
the long- term average variations in weather for a particular…
area over which an air mass forms
the direction of Earth's winds are influenced by Earth's rota…
weather
short- term variations in atmospheric phenomena that interact…
climate
the long- term average variations in weather for a particular…
22 terms
Earth Science Chapter 12
Atmosphere
Water Vapor
Troposphere
Stratosphere
A thin layer of gases surrounding the Earth.
Water in its gaseous form.
The atmospheric layer closest to Earth's surface.
The atmospheric layer directly above the troposphere.
Atmosphere
A thin layer of gases surrounding the Earth.
Water Vapor
Water in its gaseous form.
16 terms
Earth Science Chapter 12
water cycle
precipitation
groundwater
tributary
water recycled naturally from Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and…
step in the water cycle where water condenses, becomes heavie…
water that fills the cracks and spaces in underground soil an…
stream or small river that feeds into a main river
water cycle
water recycled naturally from Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and…
precipitation
step in the water cycle where water condenses, becomes heavie…
33 terms
CPO Middle School Earth Science (Chapter 12)
Foreshock
Aftershock
Earthquake
Focus
A small burst of shaking that occurs before a large earthquake
a small tremor that follows an earthquake
the movement of Earth's crust resulting from the release of b…
the point below Earth's surface where a rock breaks or slips…
Foreshock
A small burst of shaking that occurs before a large earthquake
Aftershock
a small tremor that follows an earthquake
20 terms
Holt Earth Science, Chapter 12
saltation
deflation
abrasion
landslide
the skipping and bouncing movements of sand-sized particles i…
a form of wind erosion in which fine, dry soil particles are…
the grinding and wearing away of rock surfaces through the me…
a sudden movement of rock and soil
saltation
the skipping and bouncing movements of sand-sized particles i…
deflation
a form of wind erosion in which fine, dry soil particles are…
32 terms
Earth Science Chapter 12
marine regression
marine transgression
orogeny
amino acid
shallow oceans WITHDREW from across craton of Laurentia
when sea level rises with respect to the land resulting in of…
refers to all processes that form mountain ranges
Building blocks of protein
marine regression
shallow oceans WITHDREW from across craton of Laurentia
marine transgression
when sea level rises with respect to the land resulting in of…
57 terms
Chapter 12 Review Earth Science
What would have happened to the earth…
What would have happened to earth if i…
The earth formed approximately _______…
The first elements to form after the "…
Our atmosphere would consist mainly of carbon dioxide.
Liquid water and the water cycle would not exist.
13,700,000,000 or 13.7 Billion years ago
Helium and Hydrogen
What would have happened to the earth…
Our atmosphere would consist mainly of carbon dioxide.
What would have happened to earth if i…
Liquid water and the water cycle would not exist.
62 terms
Earth Science Chapter 12
Calorie
Latent heat
Sublimation
Deposition
Defined as the amount of heat required to raise the temperatu…
Under certain situations, heat can be added or removed from w…
Conversion of a solid directly into a gas without passing thr…
Conversion of a gas directly into a solid without passing thr…
Calorie
Defined as the amount of heat required to raise the temperatu…
Latent heat
Under certain situations, heat can be added or removed from w…
Holt Earth Science, Chapter 12
saltation
deflation
abrasion
landslide
the skipping and bouncing movements of sand-sized particles i…
a form of wind erosion in which fine, dry soil particles are…
the grinding and wearing away of rock surfaces through the me…
a sudden movement of rock and soil
saltation
the skipping and bouncing movements of sand-sized particles i…
deflation
a form of wind erosion in which fine, dry soil particles are…
37 terms
BJU Earth Science Chapter 12
biome
weathering
chemical weathering
Chemical weathering factors
biological community of plants and animals suited for the sur…
The breaking down of rocks and other materials on the Earth's…
The process in which rock is broken down by changes in its ch…
- mineral of rock... - climate (warmth and moisture)... - topograph…
biome
biological community of plants and animals suited for the sur…
weathering
The breaking down of rocks and other materials on the Earth's…
65 terms
Earth Science - Chapter 12
weathering
erosion
deposition
chemical weathering
the breakdown of rock into smaller and smaller pieces
the movement of rock particles
the setting down of sediments
the breakdown of rock by some chemical process
weathering
the breakdown of rock into smaller and smaller pieces
erosion
the movement of rock particles
47 terms
Earth Science Chapter 12
Geologist
When studying earth's history, geologi…
rock record
process
the scientist who studies rocks
1. the rock record gives clues or "evidence" of geological ev…
learning about events of the earth by looking at the rocks
a series of actions that take place in steps... for example: ste…
Geologist
the scientist who studies rocks
When studying earth's history, geologi…
1. the rock record gives clues or "evidence" of geological ev…
31 terms
Earth Science Chapter 12: Earthquakes
Aftershock
Asthenosphere
Body wave
Earthquake
A smaller earthquake that follows the main earthquake
The weaker, highly viscous part of the mantle below the litho…
a seismic wave that travels along the surface... of a medium
The vibration of Earth produced by the rapid release of energy
Aftershock
A smaller earthquake that follows the main earthquake
Asthenosphere
The weaker, highly viscous part of the mantle below the litho…
Earth Science: Chapter 12 Meteorolgy
Weather
Air Mass
Maritime
Continental
The current state of the atmosphere.
Large body of air that takes on the characteristics of the ar…
A air mass that forms over water.
An air mass that forms over land.
Weather
The current state of the atmosphere.
Air Mass
Large body of air that takes on the characteristics of the ar…
35 terms
Earth Science - Chapter 12
atmosphere
water vapor
troposphere
stratosphere
a thin layer of gases surrounding Earth
Water in its gaseous form
the atmospheric layer closest to Earth's surface
The atmosphere directly above the troposphere and contains th…
atmosphere
a thin layer of gases surrounding Earth
water vapor
Water in its gaseous form
12 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 12
uniformitarianism
relative dating
law of superposition
principal of original horizontality
the concept that processes that shaped the Earth in the past…
process by which rocks are placed in their proper chronologic…
a law that states that in any undeformed sequence of sediment…
principle of relative dating; layers of sediments are general…
uniformitarianism
the concept that processes that shaped the Earth in the past…
relative dating
process by which rocks are placed in their proper chronologic…
21 terms
earth science chapter 12
Water Cycle
Evaporation
Water
Condensation
the continuous cycle by which water moves from Earth's surfac…
process by which a liquid turns into a gas. This process requ…
from oceans, lakes, rivers, and ponds become heated(gain ener…
the process by which a gas turns into a liquid. This process…
Water Cycle
the continuous cycle by which water moves from Earth's surfac…
Evaporation
process by which a liquid turns into a gas. This process requ…
27 terms
Chapter 12 Earth Science
Supernova
Solar nebula
Planetesimals
Protoplanets
An exploding star that increases in brightness many thousands…
A large, rotating cloud of interstellar dust and gas
A solid celestial body that accumulated during the 1st stages…
A developing planetary body that grows by the accumulation of…
Supernova
An exploding star that increases in brightness many thousands…
Solar nebula
A large, rotating cloud of interstellar dust and gas
30 terms
Earth Science Chapter 12
Weather
Climate
Air Mass
Maritime
The current state of the atmosphere.
The average weather of a particular area over a long time; 10…
Large body of air that takes on the characteristics of the ar…
A air mass that forms over water.
Weather
The current state of the atmosphere.
Climate
The average weather of a particular area over a long time; 10…
29 terms
Earth Science Chapter 12
volcano
effects of volcanoes
acid rain
formation of volcanoes
an opening in Earth that erupts gases, ash, and lava... FORM: la…
direct, dramatic effects. lava flows destroy everything in pa…
sulfurous gases from volcanoes mix with water vapor in the at…
heat & pressure = melting rock = magma/lava... less dense than s…
volcano
an opening in Earth that erupts gases, ash, and lava... FORM: la…
effects of volcanoes
direct, dramatic effects. lava flows destroy everything in pa…
24 terms
Earth Science- Chapter 12
Meteorology
Weather
Climate
Air Mass
the study of atmospheric phenomena
short-term variations of the current state of the atmosphere
long-term variations in weather for a particular area
a large body of air that take on the characteristics of the a…
Meteorology
the study of atmospheric phenomena
Weather
short-term variations of the current state of the atmosphere
32 terms
Earth Science - Chapter 12
What is Latent Heat?
What is Sensible Heat?
What is Evaporation?
What causes Melting?
is the energy absorbed by or released from a substance during…
is the energy required to change the temperature of a substan…
is a type of vaporization of a liquid that occurs from the su…
The temperature at which a solid becomes a liquid
What is Latent Heat?
is the energy absorbed by or released from a substance during…
What is Sensible Heat?
is the energy required to change the temperature of a substan…
32 terms
Chapter 12 Earth Science
Asthenosphere
Continental Drift Theory
Converging Plates
Diverging Plates
A partly molten layer in Earth's upper mantle just below lith…
The theory that the continents have not been in their present…
Tectonic plates that are colliding
Tectonic plates that are spreading apart
Asthenosphere
A partly molten layer in Earth's upper mantle just below lith…
Continental Drift Theory
The theory that the continents have not been in their present…
43 terms
BJU Earth Science, Chapter 12
What is a cirque?
What is a horn?
What is an outwash plain?
What is an eskers?
a steep, hollow excavation made by glacial erosion in a mount…
a slender mountain peak eroded by glaciers from several sides
a layer of debris carried away from the terminus of a glacier…
a winding ridge of sorted sediments deposited by a meltwater…
What is a cirque?
a steep, hollow excavation made by glacial erosion in a mount…
What is a horn?
a slender mountain peak eroded by glaciers from several sides
9 terms
Mr. Q Earth Science Chapter 12
States of matter
Water vapor (steam)
H2O
Atom
different forms of matter; a solid, liquid or gas
the gaseous state of matter for water
the chemical formula for water
smallest part of everything in the world
States of matter
different forms of matter; a solid, liquid or gas
Water vapor (steam)
the gaseous state of matter for water
Earth Science - Chapter 12
What is Meteorology?
What are Hydro-meteors? Litho-meteors?…
What is weather and climate? How do th…
What ways do the sun's rays strike Ear…
The branch science concerned with the phenomena in the atmosp…
Hydro-meteor - Liquid particles in the atmosphere... LItho-meteo…
Weather is the condition of the atmosphere in a place at this…
Indirect rays are rays from the sun that hit the Earth at an…
What is Meteorology?
The branch science concerned with the phenomena in the atmosp…
What are Hydro-meteors? Litho-meteors?…
Hydro-meteor - Liquid particles in the atmosphere... LItho-meteo…
Earth science chapter 12 vocabulary
batholith
caldera
cinder cone volcano
composite volcano
The largest type of intrusive igneous rock mass
the large hole at the top of a volcano formed when the roof o…
small volcanic cones made almost entirely of pyroclastic mate…
A volcano that forms from a combination of lava and ash
batholith
The largest type of intrusive igneous rock mass
caldera
the large hole at the top of a volcano formed when the roof o…
Glencoe Earth Science Chapter 12
air mass
air mass modification
analog forecast
anemometer
large body of air that takes on the characteristics of the ar…
exchange of heat or moisture with the surface over which an a…
weather forecast that compares current weather patterns to pa…
weather instrument used to measure wind speed
air mass
large body of air that takes on the characteristics of the ar…
air mass modification
exchange of heat or moisture with the surface over which an a…
17 terms
Earth Science Chapter 12 Vocabulary
ion
atmosphere
exosphere
jet stream
* Electrically charged atom that has either lost or gained el…
* Envelope of gas surrounding the earth
* Upper thermosphere
* Very strong eastward winds that blow horizontally around th…
ion
* Electrically charged atom that has either lost or gained el…
atmosphere
* Envelope of gas surrounding the earth
Earth Science Chapter 12
coriolis effect
trade winds
jet stream
front
the direction of Earth's winds are influenced by Earth's rota…
two circulation belts of wind between 30N and 30s
a narrow band of fast wind caused by a large temperature grad…
a narrow region between two air masses of different densities
coriolis effect
the direction of Earth's winds are influenced by Earth's rota…
trade winds
two circulation belts of wind between 30N and 30s
18 terms
Earth Science Chapter 12
relative dating
unconformity
uniformitarianism
principle of cross cutting relationships
method of determining age of fossil by comparing its placemen…
break in geologic record created when rock layers are eroded…
the idea that geologic processes that operate today also oper…
if one layer cuts through another, the one being cut through…
relative dating
method of determining age of fossil by comparing its placemen…
unconformity
break in geologic record created when rock layers are eroded…
22 terms
Earth Science Chapter 12
andesitic lava
ash-flow deposit
basaltic lava
breccia
lava type of intermediate composition that has higher silica…
extensive sheet of hard volcanic tuff produced by a continent…
lava type of mafic composition that has a low silica content…
volcanic rock formed by lithification of large pyroclasts
andesitic lava
lava type of intermediate composition that has higher silica…
ash-flow deposit
extensive sheet of hard volcanic tuff produced by a continent…
22 terms
Earth Science Chapter 12
Earthquake
Elastic rebound
Focus
Epicenter
A movement or trembling of the ground that is caused by a sud…
The sudden return of elastically deformed rock to its undefor…
The location within Earth along a fault at which the first mo…
The point on Earth's surface directly above an earthquake's s…
Earthquake
A movement or trembling of the ground that is caused by a sud…
Elastic rebound
The sudden return of elastically deformed rock to its undefor…
Chapter 12 Earth Science
Volcano... People die because of volcano…
Crater... There's a lot of craters on th…
Vent... Magma flows out of vents.
Hotspot... A lot of volcanoes form at ho…
A weak spot in the crust where magma has come to the surface
A bowl-shaped area that forms around a volcano's central open…
Opening in earth's surfacef thorugh which magma flows
A weak spot in the middle of a tectonic plate where magma sur…
Volcano... People die because of volcano…
A weak spot in the crust where magma has come to the surface
Crater... There's a lot of craters on th…
A bowl-shaped area that forms around a volcano's central open…
61 terms
Earth Science: Chapter 12
the place where land and a body of wat…
Waves usually play a role in ______ __…
As wind moves across the water surface…
more wind = _____ waves
shoreline
building up and breaking down
waves
larger
the place where land and a body of wat…
shoreline
Waves usually play a role in ______ __…
building up and breaking down
24 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 12
uniformitarianism
relative dating
law of superposition
principal of original horizontality
the concept that processes that shaped the Earth in the past…
process by which rocks are placed in their proper chronologic…
a law that states that in any undeformed sequence of sediment…
principle of relative dating; layers of sediments are general…
uniformitarianism
the concept that processes that shaped the Earth in the past…
relative dating
process by which rocks are placed in their proper chronologic…
chapter 12 earth science
weather
climate
air mass
Coriolis effect
the state of the atmosphere with respect to wind, temperature…
the composite or generally prevailing weather conditions of a…
a body of air covering a relatively wide area, exhibiting app…
the apparent deflection (Coriolis acceleration) of a body in…
weather
the state of the atmosphere with respect to wind, temperature…
climate
the composite or generally prevailing weather conditions of a…
chapter 12 earth science
volcano
crater
vent
hotspot
A weak spot in the crust where magma has come to the surface
A bowl-shaped area that forms around a volcano's central open…
an opening in earths surface through which magma flows
A weak spot in the middle of a tectonic plate where magma sur…
volcano
A weak spot in the crust where magma has come to the surface
crater
A bowl-shaped area that forms around a volcano's central open…
Earth Science Chapter 12
Evaporation
Transpiration
Capacity
Humidity
Changing of a gas to liquid
Process by which plants give off water vapor into the air
Amount of material something can hold
Amount of water vapor in the air
Evaporation
Changing of a gas to liquid
Transpiration
Process by which plants give off water vapor into the air
Earth Science Chapter 12
If Earth Were Larger...
If Earth Were Smaller...
If Earth did not have a rigid lithosph…
If Earth did not have a molten metalli…
It would have a thick force of gravity like other planets
We would lose oxygen, water vapor, and other volatiles thus r…
Plate tectonics would not exist
most of the life-forms on Earth would not exist and also we w…
If Earth Were Larger...
It would have a thick force of gravity like other planets
If Earth Were Smaller...
We would lose oxygen, water vapor, and other volatiles thus r…
Chapter 12 Earth Science
Shield Volcano... - There are no shield v…
Tephra... - The tephra has claimed over 2…
Cider Cone Volcano... - A cider cone volc…
Composite Volcano... - The Soufrière Hill…
a broad volcano with gently sloping sides
rock or solidified lava dropped from the air
steep-sided, loosely packed volcano.
cycle of lava and tephra is repeated... over and over in alterna…
Shield Volcano... - There are no shield v…
a broad volcano with gently sloping sides
Tephra... - The tephra has claimed over 2…
rock or solidified lava dropped from the air
22 terms
Earth science chapter 12
*** airmasses have
Meteorology
Weather
Climate
Different temperature ans amounts of moisture because of unev…
The study of atmospheric phenomena
Short term variation in atmospheric phenomena that interact a…
The long term average of variations in weather for a particul…
*** airmasses have
Different temperature ans amounts of moisture because of unev…
Meteorology
The study of atmospheric phenomena
Earth Science Chapter 12
Meteorology
Weather
Climate
Angle of isolation
The study of atmospheric phenomenon
Current state of the atmosphere
Long term variation in the atmosphere
This determines how radiation and heat is recieved by the ear…
Meteorology
The study of atmospheric phenomenon
Weather
Current state of the atmosphere
20 terms
Chapter 12 Earth Science
Abrasion
salinization
soil depletion
exfoliation
The wearing away of rock material by grinding action
A soil condition caused by the evaporation of irrigation wate…
The process by which soil gradually becomes so lacking or dep…
The peeling of surface layers from exposed rock
Abrasion
The wearing away of rock material by grinding action
salinization
A soil condition caused by the evaporation of irrigation wate…
earth science chapter 12
cross cutting relationships
correlation
disconformity
eon
states that when a fault cuts through rock layers, or when ma…
matches rocks of similar age in different locations
two sedimentary rock layers are separates by an erosional sur…
the longest interval of geologic time
cross cutting relationships
states that when a fault cuts through rock layers, or when ma…
correlation
matches rocks of similar age in different locations
32 terms
Earth Science Chapter 12
Relative dating
Fossil
Mold
Cast
the methods that geologists use to place rocks in chronologic…
Evidence of once living organisms preserved in sedimentary rock
cavity imprint of an organism
a mineral or sediment filled mold
Relative dating
the methods that geologists use to place rocks in chronologic…
Fossil
Evidence of once living organisms preserved in sedimentary rock
5 terms
Earth Science Chapter 12
equilibrium
ozone
ozone layer
photochemical smog
state of balance between opposing forces in a system
form of oxygen that in the upper atmosphere that shields Eart…
protective layer, in the upper atmosphere, that has a high oz…
air pollution that forms when sunlight changes exhausts from…
equilibrium
state of balance between opposing forces in a system
ozone
form of oxygen that in the upper atmosphere that shields Eart…
19 terms
Chapter 12 Earth Science
Dry
Unsaturated, Condensation level
Stratus
Absolute Stability
A large temperature difference between the wet and dry bulb t…
Dry adiabatic cooling occurs when a ___ parcel of air rises u…
___ clouds are uniform fog like layer that frequently covers…
When the environmental lapse rate is less than the wet adiaba…
Dry
A large temperature difference between the wet and dry bulb t…
Unsaturated, Condensation level
Dry adiabatic cooling occurs when a ___ parcel of air rises u…
40 terms
Earth Science: Chapter 12
weather
climate
air mass
source region
short-term variations in atmospheric phenomena that interact…
long-term average of variations in weather for a particular a…
large volume of air that has the same characteristics (humidi…
...
weather
short-term variations in atmospheric phenomena that interact…
climate
long-term average of variations in weather for a particular a…
1 of 10