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Study sets matching "earth science chapter 12"

30 terms
Earth Science Chapter 12
Weather
Climate
Air Mass
Maritime
The current state of the atmosphere.
The average weather of a particular area over a long time; 10…
Large body of air that takes on the characteristics of the ar…
A air mass that forms over water.
Weather
The current state of the atmosphere.
Climate
The average weather of a particular area over a long time; 10…
22 terms
Earth Science Chapter 12 Meteorology
weather
climate
source region
coriolis effect
short- term variations in atmospheric phenomena that interact…
the long- term average variations in weather for a particular…
area over which an air mass forms
the direction of Earth's winds are influenced by Earth's rota…
weather
short- term variations in atmospheric phenomena that interact…
climate
the long- term average variations in weather for a particular…
16 terms
Earth Science Chapter 12
water cycle
precipitation
groundwater
tributary
water recycled naturally from Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and…
step in the water cycle where water condenses, becomes heavie…
water that fills the cracks and spaces in underground soil an…
stream or small river that feeds into a main river
water cycle
water recycled naturally from Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and…
precipitation
step in the water cycle where water condenses, becomes heavie…
22 terms
Earth Science Chapter 12
Atmosphere
Water Vapor
Troposphere
Stratosphere
A thin layer of gases surrounding the Earth.
Water in its gaseous form.
The atmospheric layer closest to Earth's surface.
The atmospheric layer directly above the troposphere.
Atmosphere
A thin layer of gases surrounding the Earth.
Water Vapor
Water in its gaseous form.
20 terms
Holt Earth Science, Chapter 12
saltation
deflation
abrasion
landslide
the skipping and bouncing movements of sand-sized particles i…
a form of wind erosion in which fine, dry soil particles are…
the grinding and wearing away of rock surfaces through the me…
a sudden movement of rock and soil
saltation
the skipping and bouncing movements of sand-sized particles i…
deflation
a form of wind erosion in which fine, dry soil particles are…
57 terms
Chapter 12 Review Earth Science
What would have happened to the earth…
What would have happened to earth if i…
The earth formed approximately _______…
The first elements to form after the "…
Our atmosphere would consist mainly of carbon dioxide.
Liquid water and the water cycle would not exist.
13,700,000,000 or 13.7 Billion years ago
Helium and Hydrogen
What would have happened to the earth…
Our atmosphere would consist mainly of carbon dioxide.
What would have happened to earth if i…
Liquid water and the water cycle would not exist.
20 terms
Holt Earth Science, Chapter 12
saltation
deflation
abrasion
landslide
the skipping and bouncing movements of sand-sized particles i…
a form of wind erosion in which fine, dry soil particles are…
the grinding and wearing away of rock surfaces through the me…
a sudden movement of rock and soil
saltation
the skipping and bouncing movements of sand-sized particles i…
deflation
a form of wind erosion in which fine, dry soil particles are…
32 terms
Earth Science Chapter 12
marine regression
marine transgression
orogeny
amino acid
shallow oceans WITHDREW from across craton of Laurentia
when sea level rises with respect to the land resulting in of…
refers to all processes that form mountain ranges
Building blocks of protein
marine regression
shallow oceans WITHDREW from across craton of Laurentia
marine transgression
when sea level rises with respect to the land resulting in of…
62 terms
Earth Science Chapter 12
Calorie
Latent heat
Sublimation
Deposition
Defined as the amount of heat required to raise the temperatu…
Under certain situations, heat can be added or removed from w…
Conversion of a solid directly into a gas without passing thr…
Conversion of a gas directly into a solid without passing thr…
Calorie
Defined as the amount of heat required to raise the temperatu…
Latent heat
Under certain situations, heat can be added or removed from w…
65 terms
Earth Science - Chapter 12
weathering
erosion
deposition
chemical weathering
the breakdown of rock into smaller and smaller pieces
the movement of rock particles
the setting down of sediments
the breakdown of rock by some chemical process
weathering
the breakdown of rock into smaller and smaller pieces
erosion
the movement of rock particles
22 terms
Earth Science Chapter 12
andesitic lava
ash-flow deposit
basaltic lava
breccia
lava type of intermediate composition that has higher silica…
extensive sheet of hard volcanic tuff produced by a continent…
lava type of mafic composition that has a low silica content…
volcanic rock formed by lithification of large pyroclasts
andesitic lava
lava type of intermediate composition that has higher silica…
ash-flow deposit
extensive sheet of hard volcanic tuff produced by a continent…
37 terms
BJU Earth Science Chapter 12
biome
weathering
chemical weathering
Chemical weathering factors
biological community of plants and animals suited for the sur…
The breaking down of rocks and other materials on the Earth's…
The process in which rock is broken down by changes in its ch…
- mineral of rock... - climate (warmth and moisture)... - topograph…
biome
biological community of plants and animals suited for the sur…
weathering
The breaking down of rocks and other materials on the Earth's…
47 terms
Earth Science Chapter 12
Geologist
When studying earth's history, geologi…
rock record
process
the scientist who studies rocks
1. the rock record gives clues or "evidence" of geological ev…
learning about events of the earth by looking at the rocks
a series of actions that take place in steps... for example: ste…
Geologist
the scientist who studies rocks
When studying earth's history, geologi…
1. the rock record gives clues or "evidence" of geological ev…
31 terms
Earth Science Chapter 12: Earthquakes
Aftershock
Asthenosphere
Body wave
Earthquake
A smaller earthquake that follows the main earthquake
The weaker, highly viscous part of the mantle below the litho…
a seismic wave that travels along the surface... of a medium
The vibration of Earth produced by the rapid release of energy
Aftershock
A smaller earthquake that follows the main earthquake
Asthenosphere
The weaker, highly viscous part of the mantle below the litho…
30 terms
Earth Science Chapter 12
Weather
Climate
Air Mass
Maritime
The current state of the atmosphere.
The average weather of a particular area over a long time; 10…
Large body of air that takes on the characteristics of the ar…
A air mass that forms over water.
Weather
The current state of the atmosphere.
Climate
The average weather of a particular area over a long time; 10…
35 terms
Earth Science - Chapter 12
atmosphere
water vapor
troposphere
stratosphere
a thin layer of gases surrounding Earth
Water in its gaseous form
the atmospheric layer closest to Earth's surface
The atmosphere directly above the troposphere and contains th…
atmosphere
a thin layer of gases surrounding Earth
water vapor
Water in its gaseous form
20 terms
Earth Science: Chapter 12 Meteorolgy
Weather
Air Mass
Maritime
Continental
The current state of the atmosphere.
Large body of air that takes on the characteristics of the ar…
A air mass that forms over water.
An air mass that forms over land.
Weather
The current state of the atmosphere.
Air Mass
Large body of air that takes on the characteristics of the ar…
24 terms
Earth Science- Chapter 12
Meteorology
Weather
Climate
Air Mass
the study of atmospheric phenomena
short-term variations of the current state of the atmosphere
long-term variations in weather for a particular area
a large body of air that take on the characteristics of the a…
Meteorology
the study of atmospheric phenomena
Weather
short-term variations of the current state of the atmosphere
21 terms
earth science chapter 12
Water Cycle
Evaporation
Water
Condensation
the continuous cycle by which water moves from Earth's surfac…
process by which a liquid turns into a gas. This process requ…
from oceans, lakes, rivers, and ponds become heated(gain ener…
the process by which a gas turns into a liquid. This process…
Water Cycle
the continuous cycle by which water moves from Earth's surfac…
Evaporation
process by which a liquid turns into a gas. This process requ…
43 terms
BJU Earth Science, Chapter 12
What is a cirque?
What is a horn?
What is an outwash plain?
What is an eskers?
a steep, hollow excavation made by glacial erosion in a mount…
a slender mountain peak eroded by glaciers from several sides
a layer of debris carried away from the terminus of a glacier…
a winding ridge of sorted sediments deposited by a meltwater…
What is a cirque?
a steep, hollow excavation made by glacial erosion in a mount…
What is a horn?
a slender mountain peak eroded by glaciers from several sides
32 terms
Chapter 12 Earth Science
Asthenosphere
Continental Drift Theory
Converging Plates
Diverging Plates
A partly molten layer in Earth's upper mantle just below lith…
The theory that the continents have not been in their present…
Tectonic plates that are colliding
Tectonic plates that are spreading apart
Asthenosphere
A partly molten layer in Earth's upper mantle just below lith…
Continental Drift Theory
The theory that the continents have not been in their present…
17 terms
Earth Science Chapter 12 Vocabulary
ion
atmosphere
exosphere
jet stream
* Electrically charged atom that has either lost or gained el…
* Envelope of gas surrounding the earth
* Upper thermosphere
* Very strong eastward winds that blow horizontally around th…
ion
* Electrically charged atom that has either lost or gained el…
atmosphere
* Envelope of gas surrounding the earth
32 terms
Earth Science - Chapter 12
What is Latent Heat?
What is Sensible Heat?
What is Evaporation?
What causes Melting?
is the energy absorbed by or released from a substance during…
is the energy required to change the temperature of a substan…
is a type of vaporization of a liquid that occurs from the su…
The temperature at which a solid becomes a liquid
What is Latent Heat?
is the energy absorbed by or released from a substance during…
What is Sensible Heat?
is the energy required to change the temperature of a substan…
27 terms
Chapter 12 Earth Science
Supernova
Solar nebula
Planetesimals
Protoplanets
An exploding star that increases in brightness many thousands…
A large, rotating cloud of interstellar dust and gas
A solid celestial body that accumulated during the 1st stages…
A developing planetary body that grows by the accumulation of…
Supernova
An exploding star that increases in brightness many thousands…
Solar nebula
A large, rotating cloud of interstellar dust and gas
13 terms
Earth Science Chapter 12 Vocabulary
Salinity
Thermocline
Sodium Chloride
Surface zone
A measure of the amount of dissolved salts in a given amount…
A layer in a large body of water, such as a lake, that sharpl…
NaCl
in opean ocean; only zone that has enough sunlight to grow al…
Salinity
A measure of the amount of dissolved salts in a given amount…
Thermocline
A layer in a large body of water, such as a lake, that sharpl…
12 terms
Earth science chapter 12 vocabulary
batholith
caldera
cinder cone volcano
composite volcano
The largest type of intrusive igneous rock mass
the large hole at the top of a volcano formed when the roof o…
small volcanic cones made almost entirely of pyroclastic mate…
A volcano that forms from a combination of lava and ash
batholith
The largest type of intrusive igneous rock mass
caldera
the large hole at the top of a volcano formed when the roof o…
16 terms
Earth Science- Chapter 12- Volcanoes
magma
lava
magma chamber
vent
molten rock that is BELOW Earth's surface
molten rock that is ON Earth's surface
place where magma is stored under Earth's surface
opening where lava flows out to surface
magma
molten rock that is BELOW Earth's surface
lava
molten rock that is ON Earth's surface
24 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 12
uniformitarianism
relative dating
law of superposition
principal of original horizontality
the concept that processes that shaped the Earth in the past…
process by which rocks are placed in their proper chronologic…
a law that states that in any undeformed sequence of sediment…
principle of relative dating; layers of sediments are general…
uniformitarianism
the concept that processes that shaped the Earth in the past…
relative dating
process by which rocks are placed in their proper chronologic…
31 terms
earth science chapter 12
weather
climate
air mass
source region
type of precipitation
Overall weather in an area over a long period of time
A huge body of air that has similar temperature, humidity, an…
the area over which the air mass forms
weather
type of precipitation
climate
Overall weather in an area over a long period of time
11 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 12
wetland
freshwater wetlands
human activities that threaten Florida…
natural habitats
a land area that is covered with a shallow layer of water dur…
three common types of freshwater wetlands are marshes, swamps…
agriculture, development, and the introduction of new species…
because of their sheltered waters and rich supply of nutrient…
wetland
a land area that is covered with a shallow layer of water dur…
freshwater wetlands
three common types of freshwater wetlands are marshes, swamps…
18 terms
Earth Science Chapter 12
relative dating
unconformity
uniformitarianism
principle of cross cutting relationships
method of determining age of fossil by comparing its placemen…
break in geologic record created when rock layers are eroded…
the idea that geologic processes that operate today also oper…
if one layer cuts through another, the one being cut through…
relative dating
method of determining age of fossil by comparing its placemen…
unconformity
break in geologic record created when rock layers are eroded…
29 terms
Earth Science Chapter 12
volcano
effects of volcanoes
acid rain
formation of volcanoes
an opening in Earth that erupts gases, ash, and lava... FORM: la…
direct, dramatic effects. lava flows destroy everything in pa…
sulfurous gases from volcanoes mix with water vapor in the at…
heat & pressure = melting rock = magma/lava... less dense than s…
volcano
an opening in Earth that erupts gases, ash, and lava... FORM: la…
effects of volcanoes
direct, dramatic effects. lava flows destroy everything in pa…
chapter 12 earth science
weather
climate
air mass
Coriolis effect
the state of the atmosphere with respect to wind, temperature…
the composite or generally prevailing weather conditions of a…
a body of air covering a relatively wide area, exhibiting app…
the apparent deflection (Coriolis acceleration) of a body in…
weather
the state of the atmosphere with respect to wind, temperature…
climate
the composite or generally prevailing weather conditions of a…
9 terms
Mr. Q Earth Science Chapter 12
States of matter
Water vapor (steam)
H2O
Atom
different forms of matter; a solid, liquid or gas
the gaseous state of matter for water
the chemical formula for water
smallest part of everything in the world
States of matter
different forms of matter; a solid, liquid or gas
Water vapor (steam)
the gaseous state of matter for water
28 terms
Earth Science Chapter 12
Evaporation
Transpiration
Capacity
Humidity
Changing of a gas to liquid
Process by which plants give off water vapor into the air
Amount of material something can hold
Amount of water vapor in the air
Evaporation
Changing of a gas to liquid
Transpiration
Process by which plants give off water vapor into the air
6 terms
Earth Science Chapter 12
coriolis effect
trade winds
jet stream
front
the direction of Earth's winds are influenced by Earth's rota…
two circulation belts of wind between 30N and 30s
a narrow band of fast wind caused by a large temperature grad…
a narrow region between two air masses of different densities
coriolis effect
the direction of Earth's winds are influenced by Earth's rota…
trade winds
two circulation belts of wind between 30N and 30s
22 terms
Earth Science Chapter 12
Earthquake
Elastic rebound
Focus
Epicenter
A movement or trembling of the ground that is caused by a sud…
The sudden return of elastically deformed rock to its undefor…
The location within Earth along a fault at which the first mo…
The point on Earth's surface directly above an earthquake's s…
Earthquake
A movement or trembling of the ground that is caused by a sud…
Elastic rebound
The sudden return of elastically deformed rock to its undefor…
22 terms
Earth Science Chapter 12 Vocabulary
Meteorology
Weather
Climate
Air mass
is the study of atmospheric phenomena.
is the current state of the atmosphere.
long-term variations in weather for a particular area.
is a large body of air that takes on the characteristics of t…
Meteorology
is the study of atmospheric phenomena.
Weather
is the current state of the atmosphere.
12 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 12
uniformitarianism
relative dating
law of superposition
principal of original horizontality
the concept that processes that shaped the Earth in the past…
process by which rocks are placed in their proper chronologic…
a law that states that in any undeformed sequence of sediment…
principle of relative dating; layers of sediments are general…
uniformitarianism
the concept that processes that shaped the Earth in the past…
relative dating
process by which rocks are placed in their proper chronologic…
10 terms
Chapter 12 Earth Science
Volcano... People die because of volcano…
Crater... There's a lot of craters on th…
Vent... Magma flows out of vents.
Hotspot... A lot of volcanoes form at ho…
A weak spot in the crust where magma has come to the surface
A bowl-shaped area that forms around a volcano's central open…
Opening in earth's surfacef thorugh which magma flows
A weak spot in the middle of a tectonic plate where magma sur…
Volcano... People die because of volcano…
A weak spot in the crust where magma has come to the surface
Crater... There's a lot of craters on th…
A bowl-shaped area that forms around a volcano's central open…
10 terms
chapter 12 earth science
volcano
crater
vent
hotspot
A weak spot in the crust where magma has come to the surface
A bowl-shaped area that forms around a volcano's central open…
an opening in earths surface through which magma flows
A weak spot in the middle of a tectonic plate where magma sur…
volcano
A weak spot in the crust where magma has come to the surface
crater
A bowl-shaped area that forms around a volcano's central open…
37 terms
Earth Science Chapter 12
If Earth Were Larger...
If Earth Were Smaller...
If Earth did not have a rigid lithosph…
If Earth did not have a molten metalli…
It would have a thick force of gravity like other planets
We would lose oxygen, water vapor, and other volatiles thus r…
Plate tectonics would not exist
most of the life-forms on Earth would not exist and also we w…
If Earth Were Larger...
It would have a thick force of gravity like other planets
If Earth Were Smaller...
We would lose oxygen, water vapor, and other volatiles thus r…
10 terms
Chapter 12 Earth Science
volcano ... * a piece of rock that has ma…
crater ... * hole in the surface of the e…
vent... * where lava erupts
hot spot... *an area where molten rock ri…
opening in Earth's surface that, when active, spew out chunks…
hole in earths crust
where lava sees earths crust
only one active volcano... an area where molten rock rises to th…
volcano ... * a piece of rock that has ma…
opening in Earth's surface that, when active, spew out chunks…
crater ... * hole in the surface of the e…
hole in earths crust
10 terms
Chapter 12 Earth Science
Shield Volcano... - There are no shield v…
Tephra... - The tephra has claimed over 2…
Cider Cone Volcano... - A cider cone volc…
Composite Volcano... - The Soufrière Hill…
a broad volcano with gently sloping sides
rock or solidified lava dropped from the air
steep-sided, loosely packed volcano.
cycle of lava and tephra is repeated... over and over in alterna…
Shield Volcano... - There are no shield v…
a broad volcano with gently sloping sides
Tephra... - The tephra has claimed over 2…
rock or solidified lava dropped from the air
50 terms
Earth Science - Chapter 12 - Meteorology
meteorology
weather
climate
air mass
study of events in the atmosphere
day to day temperature
long term temperature
large body of air that takes on characteristics of the area o…
meteorology
study of events in the atmosphere
weather
day to day temperature
25 terms
Mr Mark - BJU Earth Science chapter 12
Frost heaving
Landslide
Sand dune
Horizon
The raising of rocks and boulders caused by the expansion of…
The rapid movement of a large mass of any type of earth mater…
A hill or ridge of wind loan sand
A layer of soil resulting from the weathering of bedrock
Frost heaving
The raising of rocks and boulders caused by the expansion of…
Landslide
The rapid movement of a large mass of any type of earth mater…
61 terms
Earth Science: Chapter 12
the place where land and a body of wat…
Waves usually play a role in ______ __…
As wind moves across the water surface…
more wind = _____ waves
shoreline
building up and breaking down
waves
larger
the place where land and a body of wat…
shoreline
Waves usually play a role in ______ __…
building up and breaking down
93 terms
Earth Science Chapter 12
Name Four types of Glacial Moraines.
What is a Terminal Moraine?
What is a Lateral Moraine?
What is a Ground Moraine?
Terminal Moraines... Lateral Moraines... Ground Moraines... Medial Mor…
Piles of debris left at the front of a retreating glacier.
Piles of debris left along the sides of a glacier.
Piles of debris left along the ground from the bottom of a gl…
Name Four types of Glacial Moraines.
Terminal Moraines... Lateral Moraines... Ground Moraines... Medial Mor…
What is a Terminal Moraine?
Piles of debris left at the front of a retreating glacier.
61 terms
Chapter 12 earth science
Water cycle
Evaporation
Condensation
Humanity
water vapors enter the atmosphere by evaporation from the oce…
The process by which molecules of liquid water escapes into t…
When will water vapor becomes liquid water
Measure of the amount of water vapor in the air
Water cycle
water vapors enter the atmosphere by evaporation from the oce…
Evaporation
The process by which molecules of liquid water escapes into t…
44 terms
Earth Science Chapter 12
1
A volcano is an opening in Earth that…
What is a pyroclastic flow?
Sulfurous gases emitted by volcanoes _…
...
Gases, ash and lava
Hot volcanic ash and debris that rushes down the side of a vo…
They can mix with water vapor and form acid rain
1
...
A volcano is an opening in Earth that…
Gases, ash and lava
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