Study sets matching "earth science chapter 12"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "earth science chapter 12"

21 terms
Earth Science - chapter 12
weather
climate
air mass
source regions
The condition of Earth's atmosphere at a particular time and…
Overall weather in an area over a long period of time
a body of air with horizontally uniform temperature, humidity…
The area where an air mass acquires its properties
weather
The condition of Earth's atmosphere at a particular time and…
climate
Overall weather in an area over a long period of time
11 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 12
wetland
freshwater wetlands
human activities that threaten Florida…
natural habitats
a land area that is covered with a shallow layer of water dur…
three common types of freshwater wetlands are marshes, swamps…
agriculture, development, and the introduction of new species…
because of their sheltered waters and rich supply of nutrient…
wetland
a land area that is covered with a shallow layer of water dur…
freshwater wetlands
three common types of freshwater wetlands are marshes, swamps…
50 terms
Earth Science - Chapter 12 - Meteorology
meteorology
weather
climate
air mass
study of events in the atmosphere
day to day temperature
long term temperature
large body of air that takes on characteristics of the area o…
meteorology
study of events in the atmosphere
weather
day to day temperature
25 terms
Mr Mark - BJU Earth Science chapter 12
Frost heaving
Landslide
Sand dune
Horizon
The raising of rocks and boulders caused by the expansion of…
The rapid movement of a large mass of any type of earth mater…
A hill or ridge of wind loan sand
A layer of soil resulting from the weathering of bedrock
Frost heaving
The raising of rocks and boulders caused by the expansion of…
Landslide
The rapid movement of a large mass of any type of earth mater…
16 terms
Earth Science- Chapter 12- Volcanoes
magma
lava
magma chamber
vent
molten rock that is BELOW Earth's surface
molten rock that is ON Earth's surface
place where magma is stored under Earth's surface
opening where lava flows out to surface
magma
molten rock that is BELOW Earth's surface
lava
molten rock that is ON Earth's surface
61 terms
Chapter 12 earth science
Water cycle
Evaporation
Condensation
Humanity
water vapors enter the atmosphere by evaporation from the oce…
The process by which molecules of liquid water escapes into t…
When will water vapor becomes liquid water
Measure of the amount of water vapor in the air
Water cycle
water vapors enter the atmosphere by evaporation from the oce…
Evaporation
The process by which molecules of liquid water escapes into t…
Earth Science Chapter 12
3 assumptions of Geologists
1700's
James Hutton
Uniformitarianism
1. Rock record provides evidence of geological events and lif…
Geology came into its own as a science
...
Physical, chemical, and biological laws that operate today an…
3 assumptions of Geologists
1. Rock record provides evidence of geological events and lif…
1700's
Geology came into its own as a science
22 terms
Earth Science Chapter 12
Paleontology
Fossils
Law of Superposition
Law of Cross-Cutting Relationships
The study of fossils
Preserved remains of once-living organisms
The geologic principle that states that in horizontal layers…
Any rock or fault that intrudes or cuts across others is youn…
Paleontology
The study of fossils
Fossils
Preserved remains of once-living organisms
Chapter 12 Earth science
what do Rocks record
means that the forces and processes th…
tells us the sequence in which events…
states that in an undeformed sequence…
geological events and changing life forms of the past
Uniformitarianism
Relative dating
The law of superposition
what do Rocks record
geological events and changing life forms of the past
means that the forces and processes th…
Uniformitarianism
60 terms
Chapter 12- Earth Science
Clues to geological events and changin…
Today's processes mimicking those of t…
The relative order of each
Key principles of relative dating
Rock Record
Uniformitarianism
Relative Dating
Law of superposition... Principle of original horizontality... Prin…
Clues to geological events and changin…
Rock Record
Today's processes mimicking those of t…
Uniformitarianism
earth science chapter 12
cross cutting relationships
correlation
disconformity
eon
when a fault cuts through rock layers, or when magma intrudes…
matching up rocks of similar age in different areas
when two sedimentary rock layers are separated by an erosiona…
the longest interval of geologic time
cross cutting relationships
when a fault cuts through rock layers, or when magma intrudes…
correlation
matching up rocks of similar age in different areas
Earth Science Chapter 12
uniformitarianism
relative dating
law of superposition
principle of original horizontality
the physical, chemical, and biological laws that operate toda…
method that geologists used to place rocks in chronological o…
in an undeformed sequence of sedimentary rocks, each layer is…
layers of sediment are generally deposited in a horizontal po…
uniformitarianism
the physical, chemical, and biological laws that operate toda…
relative dating
method that geologists used to place rocks in chronological o…
93 terms
Earth Science Chapter 12
Name Four types of Glacial Moraines.
What is a Terminal Moraine?
What is a Lateral Moraine?
What is a Ground Moraine?
Terminal Moraines... Lateral Moraines... Ground Moraines... Medial Mor…
Piles of debris left at the front of a retreating glacier.
Piles of debris left along the sides of a glacier.
Piles of debris left along the ground from the bottom of a gl…
Name Four types of Glacial Moraines.
Terminal Moraines... Lateral Moraines... Ground Moraines... Medial Mor…
What is a Terminal Moraine?
Piles of debris left at the front of a retreating glacier.
7 terms
Science chapter 12: Earth and Space
Axis
Rotation
Orbit
Constellation
An imaginary line through the center of Earth
The spinning on an axis is called
A path around another object
A group of stars that form a picture
Axis
An imaginary line through the center of Earth
Rotation
The spinning on an axis is called
Earth Science Chapter 12: Climate and Weather
atmosphere
air pressure
humidity
relative humidity
the blanket of air that surrounds a planet
the measure of force with which air particles push on matter…
amount of water vapor in the air
amount of water vapor actually contained in the air compared…
atmosphere
the blanket of air that surrounds a planet
air pressure
the measure of force with which air particles push on matter…
earth science chapter 12
Geologic Time
Uniformitarianism
Relative Dating
Original horizontality
Rocks record ______ and changing life forms of the past
The principle of ______ states that physical, biological and…
Tells geologists the sequence, or order in which events occur…
To assume that rock layers that are tilted have been moved in…
Geologic Time
Rocks record ______ and changing life forms of the past
Uniformitarianism
The principle of ______ states that physical, biological and…
21 terms
Earth Science Chapter 12
Weather
Climate
Air mass
Source region
Short-term variations in atmosphere phenomena that interact a…
The long-term average of variation in weather for a particula…
Large volume of air that has he characteristics of the area o…
Area over which an air mass forms.
Weather
Short-term variations in atmosphere phenomena that interact a…
Climate
The long-term average of variation in weather for a particula…
Earth Science Chapter 12
Fossil
Petrified Remains
Carbonaceous Film
Mold
remains, imprints, or traces of once living organisms
plant or animal remains that have been turned to rock
a fossil impression in a rock made of a thin carbon residue
a cavity in a rock
Fossil
remains, imprints, or traces of once living organisms
Petrified Remains
plant or animal remains that have been turned to rock
39 terms
Earth Science - Chapter 12
Shoreline
Wave Train
Surf
Wave Period
Boundary between land and a body of water.
Groups that waves travel in.
When the top of the wave is so tall, that it can't support it…
Time interval between breaching waves.
Shoreline
Boundary between land and a body of water.
Wave Train
Groups that waves travel in.
Earth science chapter 12
__ is the study of atmospheric phenomena
Weather is the current state of the __
Long-term variations in weathr for a p…
The tropics ar hotter than the poles b…
Meterology
Atmosphere
Climate
Directly
__ is the study of atmospheric phenomena
Meterology
Weather is the current state of the __
Atmosphere
32 terms
Earth Science Chapter 12
EARTHQUAKES
Fault
Locked
ELASTIC REBOUND
a movement or trembling of the ground that is caused by a sud…
break in a body of rock along a transform boundary
in faults immobile state
sudden return of elastically deformed rock to its undeformed…
EARTHQUAKES
a movement or trembling of the ground that is caused by a sud…
Fault
break in a body of rock along a transform boundary
38 terms
chapter 12 earth science
__________ is used to measure the spee…
A __________ is a narrow region that s…
A forecast that involves comparing cur…
A forecast that relies on numerical da…
doppler radar
front
an analog forecast
a digital forecast
__________ is used to measure the spee…
doppler radar
A __________ is a narrow region that s…
front
44 terms
Earth Science Chapter 12
1
A volcano is an opening in Earth that…
What is a pyroclastic flow?
Sulfurous gases emitted by volcanoes _…
...
Gases, ash and lava
Hot volcanic ash and debris that rushes down the side of a vo…
They can mix with water vapor and form acid rain
1
...
A volcano is an opening in Earth that…
Gases, ash and lava
51 terms
Earth Science chapter 12
How was the earth formed?
What is the solar nebula?
What was the solar nebula contracted as?
What is the planetesimal?
4.5 billion years ago from gas and dust in the solar nebula
Rotating cloud of interstellar dust and gas
The matter in middle made the protosun
Gradual coalesced into clumps that collide and stuck together…
How was the earth formed?
4.5 billion years ago from gas and dust in the solar nebula
What is the solar nebula?
Rotating cloud of interstellar dust and gas
49 terms
Earth Science Chapter 12
Water Cycle
Energy source
Evaporating
Condenses
water moves from bodies of ... water, land and living things on…
The Sun
Water is constantly _________ from the ... surfaces of lakes and…
Water vapor cools and __________ into liquid ... water
Water Cycle
water moves from bodies of ... water, land and living things on…
Energy source
The Sun
44 terms
VFBA BJU Earth Science, Chapter 12
cirque
horn
outwash plain
eskers
a steep, hollow excavation made by glacial erosion in a mount…
a slender mountain peak eroded by glaciers from several sides
a layer of debris carried away from the terminus of a glacier…
a winding ridge of sorted sediments deposited by a meltwater…
cirque
a steep, hollow excavation made by glacial erosion in a mount…
horn
a slender mountain peak eroded by glaciers from several sides
18 terms
Chapter 12 earth science
Uniformitarianism
Relative dating
Law of superposition
Cross cutting relationships
The physical, chemical, and biological laws that operate toda…
Identifying which rock units formed first,second,third (seque…
In an undeformed sequence of sedimentary rocks, each bed is o…
When a fault cuts through/magma intrudes other rocks and crys…
Uniformitarianism
The physical, chemical, and biological laws that operate toda…
Relative dating
Identifying which rock units formed first,second,third (seque…
22 terms
Earth science chapter 12
*** airmasses have
Meteorology
Weather
Climate
Different temperature ans amounts of moisture because of unev…
The study of atmospheric phenomena
Short term variation in atmospheric phenomena that interact a…
The long term average of variations in weather for a particul…
*** airmasses have
Different temperature ans amounts of moisture because of unev…
Meteorology
The study of atmospheric phenomena
28 terms
Earth Science (Chapter 12)
asthenosphere
plate boundary
composite volcano
continental drift theory
the upper layer of the earth's mantle, below the lithosphere,…
the region where two tectonic plates are in contact
A tall, cone-shaped mountain in which layers of lava alternat…
the theory that the continents have not always been in their…
asthenosphere
the upper layer of the earth's mantle, below the lithosphere,…
plate boundary
the region where two tectonic plates are in contact
24 terms
Honors Earth Science Chapter 12
uniformitarianism
relative dating
law of superposition
principle of original horizontality
A principle stating that the physical, chemical, and biologic…
The method that geologists use to place rocks in chronologica…
A law stating that in an undeformed sequence of sedimentary r…
A principle stating that layers of sediment are generally dep…
uniformitarianism
A principle stating that the physical, chemical, and biologic…
relative dating
The method that geologists use to place rocks in chronologica…
6 terms
Earth Science Vocabulary Chapter 12 Lesson 1
atmosphere
water vapor
troposphere
stratosphere
- the layers of gases around the Earth.
- microscopic droplets of water in air.
- the layer of the atmosphere closest to Earth where weather…
- the layer of the atmosphere where the air is very thin and…
atmosphere
- the layers of gases around the Earth.
water vapor
- microscopic droplets of water in air.
5 terms
Earth Science Chapter 12 Lesson 2 Vocabulary
radiation
conduction
convection
stability
- transfer of energy by electromagnetic wave.
- transfer of heat energy in the atmosphsere through direct c…
- transfer of heat energy through movement of warm air up int…
- a description of how strong or weak the air movement is in…
radiation
- transfer of energy by electromagnetic wave.
conduction
- transfer of heat energy in the atmosphsere through direct c…
18 terms
Earth Science Vocab Chapter 12
uniformitarianism
relative dating
law of superposition
principle of orginial horizonality
the concept that processes that have shaped Earth in the past…
process by which rocks are placed in their proper sequence or…
a law that states that in any undefined sequence of sedimenta…
a principle of relative dating; layers of sediments are gener…
uniformitarianism
the concept that processes that have shaped Earth in the past…
relative dating
process by which rocks are placed in their proper sequence or…
32 terms
AGS Earth Science - Chapter 12
The breaking down of rocks on the eart…
The breaking apart of rocks without ch…
The breaking apart of rocks caused by…
The process in which minerals combine…
weathering
mechanical weathering
chemical weathering
oxidation
The breaking down of rocks on the eart…
weathering
The breaking apart of rocks without ch…
mechanical weathering
8 terms
Earth Science Chapter 12 Definitions
Saltation
Deflation
Abrasion
Glacier
The movement of sand or other sediments by short jumps and bo…
A form of wind erosion in which fine, dry soil particles are…
The grinding and wearing away of rock surfaces through the me…
A large mass of moving ice
Saltation
The movement of sand or other sediments by short jumps and bo…
Deflation
A form of wind erosion in which fine, dry soil particles are…
49 terms
Chapter 12 Earth Science
Asthenosphere
Continental Drift theory
Converging Plates
Composite Volcanos
A partly molten layer in earths upper mantle just below the l…
The theory that the comtinents have not always been in their…
Tectonic plates that are colliding
Large cone-shaped volcanic mountians; the cone shape is the r…
Asthenosphere
A partly molten layer in earths upper mantle just below the l…
Continental Drift theory
The theory that the comtinents have not always been in their…
39 terms
Earth Science: Chapter 12
weather
climate
air mass
heating of Earth's surface
short-term variations in atmospheric phenomena that interact…
long-term average of variations in weather for a particular a…
large volume of air that has the same characteristics (humidi…
- Earth's axis is tilted (so the amount of solar radiation is…
weather
short-term variations in atmospheric phenomena that interact…
climate
long-term average of variations in weather for a particular a…
24 terms
Earth Science Chapter 12 Vocab
Weathering
Erosion
Deposition
Chemical Weathering
...
...
...
...
Weathering
...
Erosion
...
24 terms
Earth Science chapter 12
Water cycle
Evaporation
Condensation
Humidity
The continual movement of water among Earth's atmosphere, oce…
The process by which molecules at the surface of a liquid abs…
The change in state from a gas to a liquid.
The amount of water vapor in a given volume of air.
Water cycle
The continual movement of water among Earth's atmosphere, oce…
Evaporation
The process by which molecules at the surface of a liquid abs…
5 terms
Earth Science Chapter 12 Lesson 3 Vocabulary
wind
prevailing wind
trade winds
westerlies
- the movement of air as a result of differences in pressure…
- the average wind movement based on latitude.
- east to west wind in the tropics.
- the west to east winds north and south of the tropics.
wind
- the movement of air as a result of differences in pressure…
prevailing wind
- the average wind movement based on latitude.
Chapter 12 Earth Science Review
B
B
B
C
Which term best describes a snowflake?... A. Hydrosphere ... B. Hyd…
What winds blow between 30 degrees and 60 degrees north and s…
What would be the most likely classification for an air mass…
What would be the most likely dominant air mass over the east…
B
Which term best describes a snowflake?... A. Hydrosphere ... B. Hyd…
B
What winds blow between 30 degrees and 60 degrees north and s…
22 terms
Earth Science Chapter 12 Vocab
atmosphere
water vapor
troposphere
stratosphere
a thin layer of gases surrounding Earth
water in its gaseous form
the atmospheric layer closest to Earth's surface
the atmospheric layer directly above the troposphere
atmosphere
a thin layer of gases surrounding Earth
water vapor
water in its gaseous form
31 terms
earth science chapter 12
weather
climate
air mass
source region
type of precipitation
Overall weather in an area over a long period of time
A huge body of air that has similar temperature, humidity, an…
the area over which the air mass forms
weather
type of precipitation
climate
Overall weather in an area over a long period of time
18 terms
Earth Science Vocab. Chapter 12
Absolute Dating
Amber
Carbon Dating
Cenozoic Era
The use of radioactivity to make accurate determination's of…
Fossil tree resin that sometimes contains preserved specimens…
Method of dating a substance, based upon the rate of decay of…
Most recent era including the present; called age of mammals…
Absolute Dating
The use of radioactivity to make accurate determination's of…
Amber
Fossil tree resin that sometimes contains preserved specimens…
23 terms
Chapter 12 Earth Science
The process where water flows through…
Which soil horizon is called subsoil?
The soil in tropical climates is often:
Clay rich soils tend to form from ____…
leaching
Horizon B
thick but not fertile
calcite
The process where water flows through…
leaching
Which soil horizon is called subsoil?
Horizon B
24 terms
Earth Science Chapter 12 Vocab Words
Uniformitarianism
Relative Dating
Law Of Superposition
Principle Of Original Horizontality
Hutton put forth the fundamental principle of uniformitariani…
Identifies which rock units formed first,second,third, and so…
stating that in any undisturbed sequence of rocks deposited i…
layers of sediment are generally deposited in horizontal posi…
Uniformitarianism
Hutton put forth the fundamental principle of uniformitariani…
Relative Dating
Identifies which rock units formed first,second,third, and so…
24 terms
Chapter 12 Earth and Space Science vocab terms
Longshore current
Rip currents
ventifacts
desert pavement
current parallel to shore that occurs from waves striking sho…
Occur where 2 longshore currents meet head on... Fast-moving, na…
Shapes created in boulders and rocks by ... the abrasive action…
place in the desert where wind has blown away most of the loo…
Longshore current
current parallel to shore that occurs from waves striking sho…
Rip currents
Occur where 2 longshore currents meet head on... Fast-moving, na…
22 terms
Earth Science Vocabulary (Chapter 12)
Weather
Climate
Air Mass
Air Mass Modification
Current state of the atmosphere, including short-term variati…
Average weather of a particular area over a long period of ti…
Large body of air that takes on the characteristics of the ar…
Exchange of heat or moisture with the surface over which an a…
Weather
Current state of the atmosphere, including short-term variati…
Climate
Average weather of a particular area over a long period of ti…
Earth Science Chapter 12 Vocabulary
uniformitarianism
relative dating
law of superposition
principle of original horizontality
the concept that processes that have shaped Earth in the past…
process by which rocks are placed in their proper sequence or…
a law that state that in any undeformed sequence of sedimenta…
a principle of relative dating; Layers of sediments are gener…
uniformitarianism
the concept that processes that have shaped Earth in the past…
relative dating
process by which rocks are placed in their proper sequence or…
Earth Science Chapter 12
latent heat
false
true
saturation
when heat is added, but temperature stays the same, this occu…
true or false: evaporation can only happen during heat
true or false: Evaporation does not need heat, but it does mo…
water will evaporate or condense until this equilibrium is met
latent heat
when heat is added, but temperature stays the same, this occu…
false
true or false: evaporation can only happen during heat
2 of 10