How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

Study sets matching "earth science chapter 12"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "earth science chapter 12"

Earth Science Chapter 12
Meteorology
Weather
Climate
Angle of isolation
The study of atmospheric phenomenon
Current state of the atmosphere
Long term variation in the atmosphere
This determines how radiation and heat is recieved by the ear…
Meteorology
The study of atmospheric phenomenon
Weather
Current state of the atmosphere
20 terms
Chapter 12 Earth Science
Abrasion
salinization
soil depletion
exfoliation
The wearing away of rock material by grinding action
A soil condition caused by the evaporation of irrigation wate…
The process by which soil gradually becomes so lacking or dep…
The peeling of surface layers from exposed rock
Abrasion
The wearing away of rock material by grinding action
salinization
A soil condition caused by the evaporation of irrigation wate…
44 terms
Earth Science Chapter 12
1
A volcano is an opening in Earth that…
What is a pyroclastic flow?
Sulfurous gases emitted by volcanoes _…
...
Gases, ash and lava
Hot volcanic ash and debris that rushes down the side of a vo…
They can mix with water vapor and form acid rain
1
...
A volcano is an opening in Earth that…
Gases, ash and lava
32 terms
Earth Science Chapter 12
Relative dating
Fossil
Mold
Cast
the methods that geologists use to place rocks in chronologic…
Evidence of once living organisms preserved in sedimentary rock
cavity imprint of an organism
a mineral or sediment filled mold
Relative dating
the methods that geologists use to place rocks in chronologic…
Fossil
Evidence of once living organisms preserved in sedimentary rock
19 terms
Chapter 12 Earth Science
Dry
Unsaturated, Condensation level
Stratus
Absolute Stability
A large temperature difference between the wet and dry bulb t…
Dry adiabatic cooling occurs when a ___ parcel of air rises u…
___ clouds are uniform fog like layer that frequently covers…
When the environmental lapse rate is less than the wet adiaba…
Dry
A large temperature difference between the wet and dry bulb t…
Unsaturated, Condensation level
Dry adiabatic cooling occurs when a ___ parcel of air rises u…
40 terms
Earth Science: Chapter 12
weather
climate
air mass
source region
short-term variations in atmospheric phenomena that interact…
long-term average of variations in weather for a particular a…
large volume of air that has the same characteristics (humidi…
...
weather
short-term variations in atmospheric phenomena that interact…
climate
long-term average of variations in weather for a particular a…
21 terms
Earth Science - chapter 12
weather
climate
air mass
source regions
The condition of Earth's atmosphere at a particular time and…
Overall weather in an area over a long period of time
a body of air with horizontally uniform temperature, humidity…
The area where an air mass acquires its properties
weather
The condition of Earth's atmosphere at a particular time and…
climate
Overall weather in an area over a long period of time
9 terms
Earth Science Chapter 12: Climate and Weather
atmosphere
air pressure
humidity
relative humidity
the blanket of air that surrounds a planet
the measure of force with which air particles push on matter…
amount of water vapor in the air
amount of water vapor actually contained in the air compared…
atmosphere
the blanket of air that surrounds a planet
air pressure
the measure of force with which air particles push on matter…
44 terms
VFBA BJU Earth Science, Chapter 12
cirque
horn
outwash plain
eskers
a steep, hollow excavation made by glacial erosion in a mount…
a slender mountain peak eroded by glaciers from several sides
a layer of debris carried away from the terminus of a glacier…
a winding ridge of sorted sediments deposited by a meltwater…
cirque
a steep, hollow excavation made by glacial erosion in a mount…
horn
a slender mountain peak eroded by glaciers from several sides
81 terms
Earth Science Chapter 12
3 assumptions of Geologists
1700's
James Hutton
Uniformitarianism
1. Rock record provides evidence of geological events and lif…
Geology came into its own as a science
...
Physical, chemical, and biological laws that operate today an…
3 assumptions of Geologists
1. Rock record provides evidence of geological events and lif…
1700's
Geology came into its own as a science
22 terms
Earth Science Chapter 12
Paleontology
Fossils
Law of Superposition
Law of Cross-Cutting Relationships
The study of fossils
Preserved remains of once-living organisms
The geologic principle that states that in horizontal layers…
Any rock or fault that intrudes or cuts across others is youn…
Paleontology
The study of fossils
Fossils
Preserved remains of once-living organisms
51 terms
Earth Science chapter 12
How was the earth formed?
What is the solar nebula?
What was the solar nebula contracted as?
What is the planetesimal?
4.5 billion years ago from gas and dust in the solar nebula
Rotating cloud of interstellar dust and gas
The matter in middle made the protosun
Gradual coalesced into clumps that collide and stuck together…
How was the earth formed?
4.5 billion years ago from gas and dust in the solar nebula
What is the solar nebula?
Rotating cloud of interstellar dust and gas
60 terms
Chapter 12- Earth Science
Clues to geological events and changin…
Today's processes mimicking those of t…
The relative order of each
Key principles of relative dating
Rock Record
Uniformitarianism
Relative Dating
Law of superposition... Principle of original horizontality... Prin…
Clues to geological events and changin…
Rock Record
Today's processes mimicking those of t…
Uniformitarianism
23 terms
Earth Science Chapter 12
uniformitarianism
relative dating
law of superposition
principle of original horizontality
the physical, chemical, and biological laws that operate toda…
method that geologists used to place rocks in chronological o…
in an undeformed sequence of sedimentary rocks, each layer is…
layers of sediment are generally deposited in a horizontal po…
uniformitarianism
the physical, chemical, and biological laws that operate toda…
relative dating
method that geologists used to place rocks in chronological o…
31 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 12 Vocabulary
water cycle
precipitation
groundwater
tributaries
is the continuous process by which water moves from earths su…
rain, snow, sleet, hail,
water that fills the cracks and spaces in underground soil an…
The streams and smaller rivers that feed into a main river.
water cycle
is the continuous process by which water moves from earths su…
precipitation
rain, snow, sleet, hail,
32 terms
Earth Science Chapter 12
EARTHQUAKES
Fault
Locked
ELASTIC REBOUND
a movement or trembling of the ground that is caused by a sud…
break in a body of rock along a transform boundary
in faults immobile state
sudden return of elastically deformed rock to its undeformed…
EARTHQUAKES
a movement or trembling of the ground that is caused by a sud…
Fault
break in a body of rock along a transform boundary
23 terms
Chapter 12 Earth Science
The process where water flows through…
Which soil horizon is called subsoil?
The soil in tropical climates is often:
Clay rich soils tend to form from ____…
leaching
Horizon B
thick but not fertile
calcite
The process where water flows through…
leaching
Which soil horizon is called subsoil?
Horizon B
32 terms
AGS Earth Science - Chapter 12
The breaking down of rocks on the eart…
The breaking apart of rocks without ch…
The breaking apart of rocks caused by…
The process in which minerals combine…
weathering
mechanical weathering
chemical weathering
oxidation
The breaking down of rocks on the eart…
weathering
The breaking apart of rocks without ch…
mechanical weathering
28 terms
Physical Science Chapter 12 Earth Moon and Sun
astronomy
axis
rotation
revolution
the study of the moon, stars, and other objects in space
an imaginary line that passes through Earth's center and the…
the spinning motion of a planet on its axis
the movement of an object around another object
astronomy
the study of the moon, stars, and other objects in space
axis
an imaginary line that passes through Earth's center and the…
20 terms
earth science chapter 12
Geologic Time
Uniformitarianism
Relative Dating
Original horizontality
Rocks record ______ and changing life forms of the past
The principle of ______ states that physical, biological and…
Tells geologists the sequence, or order in which events occur…
To assume that rock layers that are tilted have been moved in…
Geologic Time
Rocks record ______ and changing life forms of the past
Uniformitarianism
The principle of ______ states that physical, biological and…
21 terms
Earth Science Chapter 12
Weather
Climate
Air mass
Source region
Short-term variations in atmosphere phenomena that interact a…
The long-term average of variation in weather for a particula…
Large volume of air that has he characteristics of the area o…
Area over which an air mass forms.
Weather
Short-term variations in atmosphere phenomena that interact a…
Climate
The long-term average of variation in weather for a particula…
8 terms
Earth Science Chapter 12 Definitions
Saltation
Deflation
Abrasion
Glacier
The movement of sand or other sediments by short jumps and bo…
A form of wind erosion in which fine, dry soil particles are…
The grinding and wearing away of rock surfaces through the me…
A large mass of moving ice
Saltation
The movement of sand or other sediments by short jumps and bo…
Deflation
A form of wind erosion in which fine, dry soil particles are…
49 terms
Earth Science Chapter 12
Water Cycle
Energy source
Evaporating
Condenses
water moves from bodies of ... water, land and living things on…
The Sun
Water is constantly _________ from the ... surfaces of lakes and…
Water vapor cools and __________ into liquid ... water
Water Cycle
water moves from bodies of ... water, land and living things on…
Energy source
The Sun
15 terms
Earth Science Chapter 12
Fossil
Petrified Remains
Carbonaceous Film
Mold
remains, imprints, or traces of once living organisms
plant or animal remains that have been turned to rock
a fossil impression in a rock made of a thin carbon residue
a cavity in a rock
Fossil
remains, imprints, or traces of once living organisms
Petrified Remains
plant or animal remains that have been turned to rock
Earth Science Chapter 12 Earthquakes
a seismic wave that travels through th…
a movement or trembling of the ground…
the sudden return of elastically defor…
the point on Earth's surface directly…
body wave
earthquake
elastic rebound
epicenter
a seismic wave that travels through th…
body wave
a movement or trembling of the ground…
earthquake
22 terms
Earth Science Chapter 12 Vocab
atmosphere
water vapor
troposphere
stratosphere
a thin layer of gases surrounding Earth
water in its gaseous form
the atmospheric layer closest to Earth's surface
the atmospheric layer directly above the troposphere
atmosphere
a thin layer of gases surrounding Earth
water vapor
water in its gaseous form
18 terms
Earth Science Vocab. Chapter 12
Absolute Dating
Amber
Carbon Dating
Cenozoic Era
The use of radioactivity to make accurate determination's of…
Fossil tree resin that sometimes contains preserved specimens…
Method of dating a substance, based upon the rate of decay of…
Most recent era including the present; called age of mammals…
Absolute Dating
The use of radioactivity to make accurate determination's of…
Amber
Fossil tree resin that sometimes contains preserved specimens…
22 terms
Earth Science 9 - Chapter 12 Earth's History
differentiation
outgassing
paleontologist
amino acid
separation of planetary materials by density to create differ…
transfer of gases from Earth's mantle to the atmosphere by vo…
scientist who finds and studies fossils to learn about the hi…
type of organic molecule that is a building block of proteins…
differentiation
separation of planetary materials by density to create differ…
outgassing
transfer of gases from Earth's mantle to the atmosphere by vo…
24 terms
Earth Science Chapter 12 Vocab Words
Uniformitarianism
Relative Dating
Law Of Superposition
Principle Of Original Horizontality
Hutton put forth the fundamental principle of uniformitariani…
Identifies which rock units formed first,second,third, and so…
stating that in any undisturbed sequence of rocks deposited i…
layers of sediment are generally deposited in horizontal posi…
Uniformitarianism
Hutton put forth the fundamental principle of uniformitariani…
Relative Dating
Identifies which rock units formed first,second,third, and so…
38 terms
chapter 12 earth science
__________ is used to measure the spee…
A __________ is a narrow region that s…
A forecast that involves comparing cur…
A forecast that relies on numerical da…
doppler radar
front
an analog forecast
a digital forecast
__________ is used to measure the spee…
doppler radar
A __________ is a narrow region that s…
front
56 terms
Space and Earth Science Chapter 12
What is a Biome?
What are the agents for creating and r…
What are the two types of weathering?
What are the different ways of Mechani…
A biological community of plants and animals suited for the s…
-Weathering... -Erosion... -Deposition
1. Chemical- Natural Acids... 1. Mechanical
-Frost wedging... -Frost heaving... -Exfoliation... -Biological
What is a Biome?
A biological community of plants and animals suited for the s…
What are the agents for creating and r…
-Weathering... -Erosion... -Deposition
21 terms
Earth Science Chapter 12 Vocabulary
Weather
Climate
Air mass
Coriolis effect
is the current state of the atmosphere.
long-term variations in weather for a particular area.
is a large body of air that takes on the characteristics of t…
wherein moving particles such as air are deflected to the rig…
Weather
is the current state of the atmosphere.
Climate
long-term variations in weather for a particular area.
31 terms
Earth Science: Chapter 12 - Fresh Water
water cycle
precipitation
ground water
tributary
the continual movement of water among Earth's atmosphere, oce…
any form of water that falls from clouds and reaches Earth's…
water that fills the cracks and spaces in underground soil an…
a stream or smaller river that feeds into a main river
water cycle
the continual movement of water among Earth's atmosphere, oce…
precipitation
any form of water that falls from clouds and reaches Earth's…
18 terms
Chapter 12 earth science
Uniformitarianism
Relative dating
Law of superposition
Cross cutting relationships
The physical, chemical, and biological laws that operate toda…
Identifying which rock units formed first,second,third (seque…
In an undeformed sequence of sedimentary rocks, each bed is o…
When a fault cuts through/magma intrudes other rocks and crys…
Uniformitarianism
The physical, chemical, and biological laws that operate toda…
Relative dating
Identifying which rock units formed first,second,third (seque…
64 terms
Earth Science Chapter 12 and 13
Weather
Climate
Air Mass
Maritime
The current state of the atmosphere.
The average weather of a particular area over a long time; 10…
Large body of air that takes on the characteristics of the ar…
A air mass that forms over water.
Weather
The current state of the atmosphere.
Climate
The average weather of a particular area over a long time; 10…
18 terms
Earth Science Vocab Chapter 12
uniformitarianism
relative dating
law of superposition
principle of orginial horizonality
the concept that processes that have shaped Earth in the past…
process by which rocks are placed in their proper sequence or…
a law that states that in any undefined sequence of sedimenta…
a principle of relative dating; layers of sediments are gener…
uniformitarianism
the concept that processes that have shaped Earth in the past…
relative dating
process by which rocks are placed in their proper sequence or…
28 terms
Earth Science (Chapter 12)
asthenosphere
plate boundary
composite volcano
continental drift theory
the upper layer of the earth's mantle, below the lithosphere,…
the region where two tectonic plates are in contact
A tall, cone-shaped mountain in which layers of lava alternat…
the theory that the continents have not always been in their…
asthenosphere
the upper layer of the earth's mantle, below the lithosphere,…
plate boundary
the region where two tectonic plates are in contact
22 terms
Earth science chapter 12
*** airmasses have
Meteorology
Weather
Climate
Different temperature ans amounts of moisture because of unev…
The study of atmospheric phenomena
Short term variation in atmospheric phenomena that interact a…
The long term average of variations in weather for a particul…
*** airmasses have
Different temperature ans amounts of moisture because of unev…
Meteorology
The study of atmospheric phenomena
24 terms
Earth Science chapter 12
Water cycle
Evaporation
Condensation
Humidity
The continual movement of water among Earth's atmosphere, oce…
The process by which molecules at the surface of a liquid abs…
The change in state from a gas to a liquid.
The amount of water vapor in a given volume of air.
Water cycle
The continual movement of water among Earth's atmosphere, oce…
Evaporation
The process by which molecules at the surface of a liquid abs…
earth science chapter 12 vocabulary
Batholith
Caldera
Cinder cone volcano
Composite volcano
Largest intrusive rock body that forms when magma being force…
Large, circular-shaped opening formed when the top of a volca…
Steep-sided, loosely packed volcano formed when tephra falls…
Volcano built by alternating explosive and quiet eruptions th…
Batholith
Largest intrusive rock body that forms when magma being force…
Caldera
Large, circular-shaped opening formed when the top of a volca…
24 terms
Honors Earth Science Chapter 12
uniformitarianism
relative dating
law of superposition
principle of original horizontality
A principle stating that the physical, chemical, and biologic…
The method that geologists use to place rocks in chronologica…
A law stating that in an undeformed sequence of sedimentary r…
A principle stating that layers of sediment are generally dep…
uniformitarianism
A principle stating that the physical, chemical, and biologic…
relative dating
The method that geologists use to place rocks in chronologica…
30 terms
Earth Science Chapter 12
Heat Budget
Weather
Climate
Doppler Effect
The distribution of heat energy to maintain average condition…
The current state of the atmosphere.
The average weather of a particular area over a long time; 10…
Radar used to measure the speed or movement of precipitation.…
Heat Budget
The distribution of heat energy to maintain average condition…
Weather
The current state of the atmosphere.
Chapter 12 Earth Science Review
B
B
B
C
Which term best describes a snowflake?... A. Hydrosphere ... B. Hyd…
What winds blow between 30 degrees and 60 degrees north and s…
What would be the most likely classification for an air mass…
What would be the most likely dominant air mass over the east…
B
Which term best describes a snowflake?... A. Hydrosphere ... B. Hyd…
B
What winds blow between 30 degrees and 60 degrees north and s…
49 terms
Chapter 12 Earth Science
Asthenosphere
Continental Drift theory
Converging Plates
Composite Volcanos
A partly molten layer in earths upper mantle just below the l…
The theory that the comtinents have not always been in their…
Tectonic plates that are colliding
Large cone-shaped volcanic mountians; the cone shape is the r…
Asthenosphere
A partly molten layer in earths upper mantle just below the l…
Continental Drift theory
The theory that the comtinents have not always been in their…
28 terms
Physical Science Chapter 12 Earth, Moon, and Sun
astronomy
axis
rotation
revolution
The study of the moon, stars, and other objects in space.
An imaginary line that passes through Earth's center and the…
The spinning motion of a planet on its axis.
The movement of an object around another object.
astronomy
The study of the moon, stars, and other objects in space.
axis
An imaginary line that passes through Earth's center and the…
39 terms
Earth Science: Chapter 12
weather
climate
air mass
heating of Earth's surface
short-term variations in atmospheric phenomena that interact…
long-term average of variations in weather for a particular a…
large volume of air that has the same characteristics (humidi…
- Earth's axis is tilted (so the amount of solar radiation is…
weather
short-term variations in atmospheric phenomena that interact…
climate
long-term average of variations in weather for a particular a…
32 terms
Earth Science Chapter 12 Vocabulary Words
Foreshock
Aftershock
Earthquake
Focus
a small burst of shaking that occurs before a large earthquake.
a small tremor that follows an earthquake.
the movement of Earth's crust resulting from the release of b…
the point below Earth's surface where a rock breaks or slips…
Foreshock
a small burst of shaking that occurs before a large earthquake.
Aftershock
a small tremor that follows an earthquake.
24 terms
Earth Science Chapter 12 Vocab
Weathering
Erosion
Deposition
Chemical Weathering
...
...
...
...
Weathering
...
Erosion
...
15 terms
Earth Science Chapter 12
Earthquake
Elastic Rebound
Focus
Epicenter
A movement or trembling of the ground that is caused by a sud…
The sudden return of elastically deformed rock to its undefor…
The location within Earth along a fault at which the first mo…
The point on the Earth's surface directly above an earthquake…
Earthquake
A movement or trembling of the ground that is caused by a sud…
Elastic Rebound
The sudden return of elastically deformed rock to its undefor…
2 of 10