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Study sets matching "earth science chapter 3"

33 terms
Earth Science Chapter 3 Models of Earth
Map
cartographers (mapmakers)
projections
Hemispheres
is a flat, two dimensional representation of earth's surface
have devised a number of tools that help a map user relate th…
cartographers draw world maps in different ways
earth divided into halves
Map
is a flat, two dimensional representation of earth's surface
cartographers (mapmakers)
have devised a number of tools that help a map user relate th…
38 terms
Earth science chapter 3
matter
chemical properties
physical properties
elements
anything that takes up space and has mass
characteristics that describe how a substance reacts with oth…
are characteristics that can be observed without changing the…
a substance that cannot be broken down into simpler, stabler…
matter
anything that takes up space and has mass
chemical properties
characteristics that describe how a substance reacts with oth…
65 terms
Abeka Earth and Space Science Chapter 3
mineral
native element
silicates
crystal
a substance that is found naturally in the earth and has a cr…
a substance that exists naturally in the earth's crust as a s…
the largest group of minerals, which compose over 90% of the…
a geometric structure composed of atoms or molecules and havi…
mineral
a substance that is found naturally in the earth and has a cr…
native element
a substance that exists naturally in the earth's crust as a s…
26 terms
Earth Science/ chapter 3
Atomic Number
Electron
Element
Ion
number of protons contained in an atom's nucleus.
tiny atomic particle with little mass and a negative electric…
natural or artificial substance that cannot be broken down in…
an atom that gains or loses an electron.
Atomic Number
number of protons contained in an atom's nucleus.
Electron
tiny atomic particle with little mass and a negative electric…
37 terms
Earth Science Chapter 3: Rocks
_________________ __________ forms whe…
_____________ is lava when it reaches…
______________________ _____________ a…
________________________ _____________…
igneous rock
magma
sedimentary rocks
metamorphic rocks
_________________ __________ forms whe…
igneous rock
_____________ is lava when it reaches…
magma
25 terms
Earth Science Chapter 3.1
matter
element
nucleus
electron
Anything that has mass and occupies space
A substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substances
A region that is located at the center of an atom and contain…
A tiny, negatively charged particle that moves around the nuc…
matter
Anything that has mass and occupies space
element
A substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substances
24 terms
Earth Science Chapter 3
Rock Cycle
Rocks
3 Rock Types
Igneous
An idealized cycle of processes undergone by rocks in the ear…
A mass of 1 or more minerals bound together
Igneous, Sedimentary, Metamorphic
Forms from the crystallization of magma/lava
Rock Cycle
An idealized cycle of processes undergone by rocks in the ear…
Rocks
A mass of 1 or more minerals bound together
13 terms
chapter 3 earth science
paralles
latitude
meridian
longitude
any circle thats runs east land west around earth and that is…
the angular distance north or south from the equator ; expres…
any semicircle that runs north and south around earth form th…
the angular distance east or west from the prime meridian ; e…
paralles
any circle thats runs east land west around earth and that is…
latitude
the angular distance north or south from the equator ; expres…
11 terms
Chapter 3 Earth Science
Rock
Rock cycle
Igneous rock
Sedimentary rock
Is a naturally formed solid that is usually made up of one or…
Set of natural processes that form, change, break down, and r…
Forms when molten rock cools and becomes solid
Forms when prices of older rocks, plants, and other loose mat…
Rock
Is a naturally formed solid that is usually made up of one or…
Rock cycle
Set of natural processes that form, change, break down, and r…
27 terms
Earth Science chapter 3
Cartography
Cartographer
Field Survey
Remote sensing
Science of making maps
Map maker
On site collection of data used to make maps along with remot…
Collecting information about a site without being at the site
Cartography
Science of making maps
Cartographer
Map maker
18 terms
Earth Science Chapter 3
map
map scale
cartographer
cardinal direction
A model of an area of the earth's surface
The ratio of distance represented on a map to the same distan…
A person who makes maps
North, South, East, West
map
A model of an area of the earth's surface
map scale
The ratio of distance represented on a map to the same distan…
14 terms
Earth Science Chapter 3
3 types of projection
advantages of cyndrical projection
advantages of azimuthal projection
three different types of scales
cyndrical, azimuthal, conic
-parallel and meridians make a nice grid pattern ... -shapes of…
-little distortion at points of contact... -helps navigators in…
verbal, fractional, graphic scale
3 types of projection
cyndrical, azimuthal, conic
advantages of cyndrical projection
-parallel and meridians make a nice grid pattern ... -shapes of…
33 terms
Earth Science Chapter 3
Immiscible
Miscible
Chemical elements
Isotopes
(unmixable) liquids do not mix spontaneously an throughly wit…
(mixable) liquids and gases mis to form one phase
most fundamental substances into which matter can be separated
atoms with same atomic number but different mass number. Can…
Immiscible
(unmixable) liquids do not mix spontaneously an throughly wit…
Miscible
(mixable) liquids and gases mis to form one phase
54 terms
earth science chapter 3
lave is on the ground and magma is in…
it is less dense than surrounding rock
underground and volcanic cool on the s…
cooling causes it, bonds are forming,…
what is the difference between magma and lava
why does magma risk towards the surface of the earth
what is the difference between extrusive and intrusive igneou…
describe the process of crystallization of magma
lave is on the ground and magma is in…
what is the difference between magma and lava
it is less dense than surrounding rock
why does magma risk towards the surface of the earth
26 terms
chapter 3 earth science
solar system
geocentric
retrograde motion
heliocentric
-The sun and all objects that revolve around the sun as a res…
Model used by ancient Greeks that puts the Earth at the cente…
-An apparent change in the movement of the planet through the…
-An astronomical model that places the Sun as the center of t…
solar system
-The sun and all objects that revolve around the sun as a res…
geocentric
Model used by ancient Greeks that puts the Earth at the cente…
9 terms
Earth Science - Chapter 3 - Minerals
Mineral
Color
Streak
Luster
A naturally occurring inorganic solid that has a crystal stru…
Hues, Tints, Tones, And Shades
The color of a mineral's powder.
The way a mineral reflects light from its surface.
Mineral
A naturally occurring inorganic solid that has a crystal stru…
Color
Hues, Tints, Tones, And Shades
26 terms
Chapter 3: Earth Science
sedimentary rock
metamorphic rock
igneous rock
weathering
a rock formed from the weathered products of pre-existing roc…
a rock formed by the alternation of preexisting rock deep wit…
a rock formed by the crystallization of molten magma
the disintegration and decomposition of rock at or near Earth…
sedimentary rock
a rock formed from the weathered products of pre-existing roc…
metamorphic rock
a rock formed by the alternation of preexisting rock deep wit…
103 terms
Earth and Space Science Chapter 3
minerals
mineralogy
native elements
halides
____________ are the substances that are found naturally in t…
__________ is the study of minerals. The branch of geology th…
The smallest group of minerals consists of the ____________,…
consists of compounds made with the elements fluorine, chlori…
minerals
____________ are the substances that are found naturally in t…
mineralogy
__________ is the study of minerals. The branch of geology th…
22 terms
Chapter 3 Earth science
Mineral
Mineralogy
Crystal
Physical properties of minerals
Is a naturally occurring non living solid with definite struc…
The study of minerals and their properties.
Solid in which the atoms are arranged in repeating patterns (…
Color, hardness, density crystal form, and cleavage
Mineral
Is a naturally occurring non living solid with definite struc…
Mineralogy
The study of minerals and their properties.
14 terms
Earth Science Chapter 3
atom
atomic mass
atomic number
electron
Basic unit of matter
The average mass of all the isotopes of an element
...
...
atom
Basic unit of matter
atomic mass
The average mass of all the isotopes of an element
15 terms
Chapter 3 Earth Science
Mercator Projection
What is another name for Gnomic Projec…
Gnomic projection
Polyconic Projection
large cylinder of paper wrapped around planet, shows whole wo…
planar projection
sheet of paper laid on point on Earth's surface. Distorts lan…
cone wrapped around Earth. Lines of latitude and longitude ar…
Mercator Projection
large cylinder of paper wrapped around planet, shows whole wo…
What is another name for Gnomic Projec…
planar projection
27 terms
Earth Science Study Guide - Chapter 3
Erosion-by waves
Abrasion by waves and wind
Sediment
Deposition
is the process by which natural forces move weathered rock an…
The wearing away of rocks by a grinding action when the wave…
The material moved by erosion. ... What is it: small, solid pie…
Occurs when the agents of erosion lay down sediment. ... Create…
Erosion-by waves
is the process by which natural forces move weathered rock an…
Abrasion by waves and wind
The wearing away of rocks by a grinding action when the wave…
31 terms
Chapter 3 Earth Science
Rock Cycle
Igneous rock
Plutonic and intrusive Rocks
Volcanic or Extrusive Rocks
Shows the interrelationships among the three rock types
Form as magma cools and crystallizes
Rocks formed inside Earth
Formed from lava
Rock Cycle
Shows the interrelationships among the three rock types
Igneous rock
Form as magma cools and crystallizes
31 terms
Earth Science: Chapter 3
Element
Atom
Nucleus
Proton
A substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substance…
The smallest particle of anelement thar has all of the charac…
Is made up of protons and neutrons (the center of atom)
A tiny particle with about the same mass as a proton, but is…
Element
A substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substance…
Atom
The smallest particle of anelement thar has all of the charac…
Earth Science Chapter 3
rock
igneous rock
sedimentary rock
metamorphic rock
the solid material forming part of the surface of the earth a…
one of the three main rock types, formed through the cooling…
types of rock that are formed by the deposition of material a…
type of rock changes by heat and pressurw
rock
the solid material forming part of the surface of the earth a…
igneous rock
one of the three main rock types, formed through the cooling…
49 terms
Earth science chapter 3
asthenosphere
basaltic
compression waves
conduction
A subdivision of the mantle situated below the lithosphere. T…
Describes dense, dark-colored igneous rock formed from magma…
p waves
Form of heat transfer where heat energy is directly transferr…
asthenosphere
A subdivision of the mantle situated below the lithosphere. T…
basaltic
Describes dense, dark-colored igneous rock formed from magma…
11 terms
Chapter 3 earth science
Rock
Rock cycle
Ingenious rock
Sedimentary rock
A natural formed solid
Natural process set
Molten rock becomes solid
Loose pieces that get formed together
Rock
A natural formed solid
Rock cycle
Natural process set
49 terms
Chapter 3- Earth Science
Asthenosphere
Basaltic
Compression Waves
Continental Crust
Part of the Earth's interior below the lithosphere that becom…
Igneous rock composed mostly of dark colored, dense minerals…
P-Waves
Rocks within the continents, usually a thin layer of sediment…
Asthenosphere
Part of the Earth's interior below the lithosphere that becom…
Basaltic
Igneous rock composed mostly of dark colored, dense minerals…
28 terms
Earth Science Chapter 3
____-____ silicates are very strong in…
____ is the second most abundant chemi…
Selenite is a very common ____ mineral
Aragonite is a very common ____ of cal…
double chain
silicon
sulfate
polymorph
____-____ silicates are very strong in…
double chain
____ is the second most abundant chemi…
silicon
33 terms
Earth Science chapter 3
Mineral
Silicate Minerals
Nonsilicate minerals
Silicate
A naturally ocurring,inorganic solid with a definite chemical…
Quartz,Potassium feldspar, Plagioclase feldspar, Olivine, Pyr…
Calcite & Halite
A member of the mineral group that has silicon and oxygen in…
Mineral
A naturally ocurring,inorganic solid with a definite chemical…
Silicate Minerals
Quartz,Potassium feldspar, Plagioclase feldspar, Olivine, Pyr…
22 terms
Chapter 3 - Earth Science
Rock
Rock cycle
Magma
Lava
Solid mass of minerals or mineral like materials
Summarizes how each of the rock types form
Melted rock
Magma that reaches earths surface
Rock
Solid mass of minerals or mineral like materials
Rock cycle
Summarizes how each of the rock types form
10 terms
Earth science chapter 3
Rocks
Three types of rocks
Rock cycle
Types of igneous rocks
A solid aggregate of one or more minerals
Igneous, sedimentary, metamorphic
Systems driven by sunlight, Gravity, internal heat, chemistry
Extrusive, instrusive
Rocks
A solid aggregate of one or more minerals
Three types of rocks
Igneous, sedimentary, metamorphic
13 terms
Chapter 3 earth science
Parallel
Latitude
Meridian
Longitude
Any circle that runs east and west around earth and parallel…
Distance north and south of the equator, in degrees
Any semicircle that runs north and south around earth to the…
Distance measured in degrees east or west of the prime meridian
Parallel
Any circle that runs east and west around earth and parallel…
Latitude
Distance north and south of the equator, in degrees
13 terms
earth science chapter 3
parrallel
latitude
meridian
longitude
any circle that runs east and west around earth and that is p…
The angular distance north or south of the equator
any semi circle that runs north or south around earth from th…
The angular distance east or west from the prime meridian
parrallel
any circle that runs east and west around earth and that is p…
latitude
The angular distance north or south of the equator
27 terms
chapter 3 earth science
isotherms
isobars
weather technology
meteoroligists
are lines joining places on a map that have the same temperat…
are lines joining places on the map that has the same air pre…
weather balloons, weather satellites, computer forecast
scientists who study the causes of weather and try to predict…
isotherms
are lines joining places on a map that have the same temperat…
isobars
are lines joining places on the map that has the same air pre…
Chapter 3 Earth Science
Rock
Igneous Rock
Sedimentary Rock
Metamorphic Rock
A rock is any solid mass of mineral or mineral-like matter th…
A rock formed by the crystallization of molten magma.
Rock formed from the weathered products of preexisting rocks…
Rock formed by the alteration of preexisting rock deep within…
Rock
A rock is any solid mass of mineral or mineral-like matter th…
Igneous Rock
A rock formed by the crystallization of molten magma.
12 terms
Earth science chapter 3
Basaltic Composition
Chemical sedimentary rock
clastic sedimentary rock
contact metamorphism
Rocks that contain many dark silicate minerals and plagioclas…
from when dissolved substances precipitate or separate from w…
composed of weathered bits of rocks and minerals ... classified…
changes in rock caused by the heat from a near by magma body
Basaltic Composition
Rocks that contain many dark silicate minerals and plagioclas…
Chemical sedimentary rock
from when dissolved substances precipitate or separate from w…
21 terms
Earth Science Chapter 3
igneous rock
sedimentary rock
metamorphic rock
magma
a rock formed by the crystallization of molten magma
rock formed from the weathered products of preexisting rocks…
rock formed by the alternation of preexisting rock deep in ea…
molten material that forms deep beneath earths surface
igneous rock
a rock formed by the crystallization of molten magma
sedimentary rock
rock formed from the weathered products of preexisting rocks…
17 terms
Earth Science chapter 3
Latitude
Longitude
Legend
Scale
Horizontal lines on maps that measure N. S.
Vertical lines on maps that measure E. W.
List of symbols used in map with their explanations
Shows relation of distance on map and Actual distance on Earth
Latitude
Horizontal lines on maps that measure N. S.
Longitude
Vertical lines on maps that measure E. W.
17 terms
Chapter 3 Earth science
Mineral
Crystal
Magma
Silicates
A naturally occurring inorganic solid
A solid where atoms are arranged orderly
hot melted rock beneath he surface
Minerals containing silicon and oxygen
Mineral
A naturally occurring inorganic solid
Crystal
A solid where atoms are arranged orderly
70 terms
Earth Science chapter 3
Rock
Three major types of rocks
Description of granite
Description of rhyolite
Any solid mass of mineral or mineral-like matter that occurs…
Igneous rocks, sedimentary rocks, metamorphic rocks
Coarse-grained texture
Fine-grained texture
Rock
Any solid mass of mineral or mineral-like matter that occurs…
Three major types of rocks
Igneous rocks, sedimentary rocks, metamorphic rocks
12 terms
Earth Science Chapter 3 Notecards
Map
Map Scale
Cartographer
Cardinal Direction
A model of an area of the earths surface
The ratio of the distance represented on a map to the same di…
A mapmaker
One of the four key geographic directions: North, South, East…
Map
A model of an area of the earths surface
Map Scale
The ratio of the distance represented on a map to the same di…
22 terms
Chapter 3: Earth Science
Crystal
Crystal faces
Crystal structure
Polymorphs
Is a single continous piece of crystalline solid
Flat surfaces that bound a crystal
Contain one of nature's most spectacular examples of wallpape…
Two different minerals that have the composition but differen…
Crystal
Is a single continous piece of crystalline solid
Crystal faces
Flat surfaces that bound a crystal
20 terms
Earth Science chapter 3
matter
element
nucleus
proton
anything that has volume and mass
substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substances…
an atom is made up of protons and neutrons
tiny particle that has mass and a positive electric charge
matter
anything that has volume and mass
element
substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substances…
17 terms
Earth Science chapter 3
Fuel
Fossil Fuel
Coal
Oil
a material that provides useful energy
nonrenewable energy resource, such as oil and coal, formed ov…
sedimentary rock formed from decayed plant material; the worl…
liquid fossil fuel formed from marine organisms that is burne…
Fuel
a material that provides useful energy
Fossil Fuel
nonrenewable energy resource, such as oil and coal, formed ov…
37 terms
Earth Science Chapter 3 Minerals
the number of elements that make up th…
the most abundant element in the earth…
the second most abundant element in th…
element
8
oxygen
silicon
pure substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substa…
the number of elements that make up th…
8
the most abundant element in the earth…
oxygen
29 terms
Earth Science Chapter 3
Element
Atom
Nucleus
Proton
A substance that can not be broken down into simpler substanc…
The smallest particle of an element that has all the characte…
Of an atom that is made up of protons and neutrons.
A tiny particle that has mass and a positive charge.
Element
A substance that can not be broken down into simpler substanc…
Atom
The smallest particle of an element that has all the characte…
29 terms
Earth Science Chapter 3
Atom
Atomic Mass
Atomic number
Electron
The smallest particle of an element that has all of the chara…
The average of the mass numbers of the isotopes of an element
The number of protons in an atom's nucleus
A smaller particle surrounding the nucleus of an atom that ha…
Atom
The smallest particle of an element that has all of the chara…
Atomic Mass
The average of the mass numbers of the isotopes of an element
26 terms
chapter 3 earth science
atomic number
electron
element
ion
numbers of protons contained in an atoms nucleus
tiny atomic particle with little mass and a negative electric…
natural or artificial substance that cannot be broken down in…
an atom that gains or loses an electron
atomic number
numbers of protons contained in an atoms nucleus
electron
tiny atomic particle with little mass and a negative electric…
53 terms
Earth Science - Chapter 3
anthracite coal
aphanitic
aureole
bituminous coal
the highest grade of coal, sometimes called "hard coal," high…
refers to the fine crystal size ( <1 mm) in igneous rocks
a rind of un-melted, but altered baked material that surround…
the most common type of coal, sometimes known as "soft coal"
anthracite coal
the highest grade of coal, sometimes called "hard coal," high…
aphanitic
refers to the fine crystal size ( <1 mm) in igneous rocks
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