Study sets matching "earth science chapter 3"

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Study sets matching "earth science chapter 3"

26 terms
Earth science chapter.3
Rock
Igneous rock
Sedimentary rock
Metamorphic rock
A consolidated mixture of minerals
A rock formed by the crystallization of molten magma.
Rock that formed from the weathered product of preexisting ro…
Rock formed by the alteration of preexisting rock deep within…
Rock
A consolidated mixture of minerals
Igneous rock
A rock formed by the crystallization of molten magma.
Earth Science chapter 3
matter
element
nucleus
proton
anything that has volume and mass
substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substances…
an atom is made up of protons and neutrons
tiny particle that has mass and a positive electric charge
matter
anything that has volume and mass
element
substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substances…
Earth Science Chapter 3
Water vapor
weather
atmosphere
Density
Water in the form of a gas.
The condition of Earth's atmosphere at a particular time and…
The envolope of gases that surrounds Earth.
the ratio of the mass of a substance to the volume of the sub…
Water vapor
Water in the form of a gas.
weather
The condition of Earth's atmosphere at a particular time and…
Earth Science Chapter 3
igneous rock
sedimentary rock
metamorphic rock
magma
a rock formed by the crystallization of molten magma
rock formed from the weathered products of preexisting rocks…
rock formed by the alternation of preexisting rock deep in ea…
molten material that forms deep beneath earths surface
igneous rock
a rock formed by the crystallization of molten magma
sedimentary rock
rock formed from the weathered products of preexisting rocks…
Earth Science Chapter 3
constellation
gnomon
quadrant
refractor telescope
a group of stars forming a recognizable pattern that is tradi…
an upright object set in place for the purpose of casting a s…
a navigational instrument used to measure a star's angular po…
a telescope that uses only lenses to concentrate the light fr…
constellation
a group of stars forming a recognizable pattern that is tradi…
gnomon
an upright object set in place for the purpose of casting a s…
32 terms
Chapter 3 Earth science
Element
Atom
Nucleus
Proton
substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substances…
Smallest particle of an element that has all the characterist…
an atom is made up of protons and neutrons
(p+) is a tiny particle that has mass and a positive electric…
Element
substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substances…
Atom
Smallest particle of an element that has all the characterist…
29 terms
Earth Science Chapter 3
atom
atomic mass
atomic number
electron
Smallest particle of an element
Number of protons and neutrons
The number of protons in the nucleus of an atom
A subatomic particle that has a negative charge
atom
Smallest particle of an element
atomic mass
Number of protons and neutrons
29 terms
Earth Science Chapter 3
Atom
Atomic Mass
Atomic number
Electron
The smallest particle of an element that has all of the chara…
The average of the mass numbers of the isotopes of an element
The number of protons in an atom's nucleus
A smaller particle surrounding the nucleus of an atom that ha…
Atom
The smallest particle of an element that has all of the chara…
Atomic Mass
The average of the mass numbers of the isotopes of an element
Earth Science Chapter 3
Element
Atom
Nucleus
Proton
A substance that can not be broken down into simpler substanc…
The smallest particle of an element that has all the characte…
Of an atom that is made up of protons and neutrons.
A tiny particle that has mass and a positive charge.
Element
A substance that can not be broken down into simpler substanc…
Atom
The smallest particle of an element that has all the characte…
chapter 3 earth science
atomic number
electron
element
ion
numbers of protons contained in an atoms nucleus
tiny atomic particle with little mass and a negative electric…
natural or artificial substance that cannot be broken down in…
an atom that gains or loses an electron
atomic number
numbers of protons contained in an atoms nucleus
electron
tiny atomic particle with little mass and a negative electric…
Earth Science Chapter 3
epidemology
map
charts
map scale
The study of things that affect a population's health.
A simplified image that is a model of part of the earth's sur…
Aviation maps and nautical maps.
The ratio of a distance represented on a map to the same dist…
epidemology
The study of things that affect a population's health.
map
A simplified image that is a model of part of the earth's sur…
36 terms
Earth Science Chapter 3
igneous rocks
magma
extrusive (volcanic)
intrusive (plutonic)
A rock formed by the crystallization of molten magma
A body of molten rock found at depth, including any dissolved…
Igneous activity that occurs at Earth's surface
Igneous rock that formed below the Earth's surface
igneous rocks
A rock formed by the crystallization of molten magma
magma
A body of molten rock found at depth, including any dissolved…
18 terms
Chapter 3 Earth Science
Mineral
Inorganic
Crystal
Streak
A naturally occurring, in organic, that has crystal structure…
Not formed by living things or the remains of living things
A solid in which atoms are arranged in a pattern that repeats…
The color of a minerals powder
Mineral
A naturally occurring, in organic, that has crystal structure…
Inorganic
Not formed by living things or the remains of living things
Earth Science - Chapter 3
anthracite coal
aphanitic
aureole
bituminous coal
the highest grade of coal, sometimes called "hard coal," high…
refers to the fine crystal size ( <1 mm) in igneous rocks
a rind of un-melted, but altered baked material that surround…
the most common type of coal, sometimes known as "soft coal"
anthracite coal
the highest grade of coal, sometimes called "hard coal," high…
aphanitic
refers to the fine crystal size ( <1 mm) in igneous rocks
Earth Science Chapter 3
Numerical dating
Define dentrial
relative dating
law of superposition
the actual time in years when an event took place
Solid particles resulting from weathering that are transported
puts events in their proper sequence of formation
states in a undeformed sequence of sedimentary rocks, each be…
Numerical dating
the actual time in years when an event took place
Define dentrial
Solid particles resulting from weathering that are transported
36 terms
Chapter 3 Earth Science
Element
Atom
Nucleus
Proton
A substance that can not be broken down into simpler substanc…
The smallest particle of an element that has all the characte…
Center of an atom, made up of protons and neutrons, overall p…
(+) Positive charge.
Element
A substance that can not be broken down into simpler substanc…
Atom
The smallest particle of an element that has all the characte…
29 terms
Chapter 3 earth science
Atom
Atomic mass
Atomic number
Electron
The smallest particle of an element that has all of the chara…
The average of the mass numbers of the isotopes of an element
The number of protons in an atoms nucleus
Has little mass, but it has a negative electrical charge that…
Atom
The smallest particle of an element that has all of the chara…
Atomic mass
The average of the mass numbers of the isotopes of an element
Earth Science - Chapter 3 - Minerals
Mineral
Property
Color
Streak
A naturally occurring inorganic solid that has a crystal stru…
A distinctive attribute or quality of something.
Hues, Tints, Tones, And Shades
The color of a mineral's powder.
Mineral
A naturally occurring inorganic solid that has a crystal stru…
Property
A distinctive attribute or quality of something.
Chapter 3 Earth Science
Atomic Number
electron
element
ion
numbers of protons contained in an atoms nucleus
tiny atomic particle with little mass and a negative electric…
natural or artificial substance that cannot be broken down in…
an atom that gains or loses an electron
Atomic Number
numbers of protons contained in an atoms nucleus
electron
tiny atomic particle with little mass and a negative electric…
Earth science chapter 3
water vapor
calorie
latent heat
condensation
water in the form of a gas
Amount of energy needed to raise temperature 1 gram of water…
heat absorbed or radiated during a change of phase at a const…
Gas to liquid
water vapor
water in the form of a gas
calorie
Amount of energy needed to raise temperature 1 gram of water…
57 terms
Earth Science Chapter 3
External processes
Internal processes
Weathering
Mass wasting
Weathering, mass wasting, and erosion
Mountain building and volcanic activity
Physical breakdown and chemical alteration of rock at or near…
Transfer of rock and soil downslope, under the influence of g…
External processes
Weathering, mass wasting, and erosion
Internal processes
Mountain building and volcanic activity
Earth science chapter 3
Mineral
Element
Compound
Crystal
A naturally formed, inorganic solid that has a definite cryst…
A substance that cannot me separated or broken down I t9 a si…
A substance made up of atoms of two or more different element…
A solid whose atoms,ions,or molecules are arranged in a defin…
Mineral
A naturally formed, inorganic solid that has a definite cryst…
Element
A substance that cannot me separated or broken down I t9 a si…
52 terms
BJU Earth Science Chapter 3
Epidemiology
Map
Charts
Oblique View
The study of things that affect a populations' health
A simplified image that is a model of part of the earth's sur…
Aviation maps and maps of the the ocean that are used by sail…
A tilted view; a more natural way of viewing a city; is harde…
Epidemiology
The study of things that affect a populations' health
Map
A simplified image that is a model of part of the earth's sur…
41 terms
BJU Space and Earth Science Chapter 3 Vocabulary
constellation
gnomon
quadrant
refractor telescope
a named pattern of stars
upright object set in place to cast a shadow in sunlight for…
navigational instrument used to measure a star's position abo…
a telescope that uses only lenses to concentrate the light fr…
constellation
a named pattern of stars
gnomon
upright object set in place to cast a shadow in sunlight for…
44 terms
earth science chapter 3
eroison
mudflow
agent
types of agents
the process by which natural forces mover weathered rock and…
very rapid type of erosion
a force or material that causes a change in earth's surface
1. gravity... 2.running water... 3. wind ... 4. waves... 5. glaciers
eroison
the process by which natural forces mover weathered rock and…
mudflow
very rapid type of erosion
55 terms
Chapter 3 Earth Science
any solid mass of mineral or mineral-l…
most rocks occur as solid mixtures of
three major types of rocks
continuous processes that cause rocks…
rock
minerals
igneous, metamorphic, sedimentary
rock cycle
any solid mass of mineral or mineral-l…
rock
most rocks occur as solid mixtures of
minerals
Abeka Earth and Space Science Chapter 3
mineral
native element
silicates
crystal
a substance that is found naturally in the earth and has a cr…
a substance that exists naturally in the earth's crust as a s…
the largest group of minerals, which compose over 90% of the…
a geometric structure composed of atoms or molecules and havi…
mineral
a substance that is found naturally in the earth and has a cr…
native element
a substance that exists naturally in the earth's crust as a s…
Earth Science Chapter 3
Basaltic composition
Chemical Sedimentary Rock
Clastic Sedimentary Rock
Contact metamorphism
A compositional group of igneous rocks indicating that the ro…
form when dissolved substances precipitate, or separate, from…
A sedimentary rock made of broken fragments of preexisting ro…
Changes in rock caused by the heat from a nearby magma body.
Basaltic composition
A compositional group of igneous rocks indicating that the ro…
Chemical Sedimentary Rock
form when dissolved substances precipitate, or separate, from…
Earth Science Chapter 3 2016
Weathering
Deeply buried rocks _________________…
The two types of Weathering
Physical Weathering
the process that makes changes when it is intrduced to the at…
do not usually... Limestone
Physical Weathering and Chemical Weathering
The cracking or braking of rock into smaller sediments
Weathering
the process that makes changes when it is intrduced to the at…
Deeply buried rocks _________________…
do not usually... Limestone
42 terms
EARTH SCIENCE CHAPTER 3
infiltration
runoff
transpiration (evapotranspiration)
hydrologic cycle
a portion of the water soaks into the ground, slowly moving d…
surplus of water
some of the water that soaks into the ground is absorbed by p…
precipitation... evaporation... infiltration... runoff... transpiration
infiltration
a portion of the water soaks into the ground, slowly moving d…
runoff
surplus of water
34 terms
Earth Science Chapter 3
Energy
Electromagnetic Spectrum
Atoms
molecule
the ability to create change in a system
visible, ultraviolet light and infrared radiation are part of…
tiny particles-- too tiny to see
a group of atoms.
Energy
the ability to create change in a system
Electromagnetic Spectrum
visible, ultraviolet light and infrared radiation are part of…
12 terms
Earth Science-BA-Chapter 3
Cleavage
Crystal
Fracture
Gem
Physical property of some minerals thats causes them to break…
Solid in which the atoms are arranged in an orderly repeating…
Physical property of some minerals that causes them to break…
Beautiful, rare, highly prized mineral that can be worn as je…
Cleavage
Physical property of some minerals thats causes them to break…
Crystal
Solid in which the atoms are arranged in an orderly repeating…
41 terms
Earth Science: Chapter 3
constellation
gnomon
quadrant
refractor telescope
In ancient times, a named pattern of stars that represented f…
An upright object set in place for the purpose of casting a s…
A navigational instrument used to measure a star's angular po…
A telescope that uses only lenses to concentrate the light fr…
constellation
In ancient times, a named pattern of stars that represented f…
gnomon
An upright object set in place for the purpose of casting a s…
65 terms
Earth Science - Chapter 3 Review
shaking and trembling that results fro…
the movement of earthquakes take place…
a fault is a?
earthquakes that take place under the…
Earthquakes
fault
break or crack in Earth's surface
tsunami
shaking and trembling that results fro…
Earthquakes
the movement of earthquakes take place…
fault
33 terms
Earth Science Chapter 3 Models of Earth
Map
cartographers (mapmakers)
projections
Hemispheres
is a flat, two dimensional representation of earth's surface
have devised a number of tools that help a map user relate th…
cartographers draw world maps in different ways
earth divided into halves
Map
is a flat, two dimensional representation of earth's surface
cartographers (mapmakers)
have devised a number of tools that help a map user relate th…
Earth Science Vocab Chapter 3
basaltic composition
chemical sedimentary rock
clastic sedimentary rock
contact metamorphism
rocks that are made mostly of dark colored silicate minerals…
form when dissolved substances precipitate, or separate from…
composed of weathered bits of rocks and minerals
occurs when magma moves into rock
basaltic composition
rocks that are made mostly of dark colored silicate minerals…
chemical sedimentary rock
form when dissolved substances precipitate, or separate from…
Earth Science Chapter 3 (24)
constellation
gnomon
quadrant
refractor telescope
a named pattern of stars
upright object set in place to cast a shadow in sunlight for…
navigational instrument used to measure a star's position abo…
a telescope that uses only lenses to concentrate the light fr…
constellation
a named pattern of stars
gnomon
upright object set in place to cast a shadow in sunlight for…
Earth Science || Glencoe || Chapter 3
Atom
Atomic Mass
Atomic Number
Electron
the smallest particle of an element that has all of the chara…
the average of the mass number of isotopes of an element
the number of protons in an atom's nucleus
has little mass, but it has a negative electrical charge that…
Atom
the smallest particle of an element that has all of the chara…
Atomic Mass
the average of the mass number of isotopes of an element
29 terms
Physical Science: Chapter 3 - Mapping Earth
Position
Origin
Vector
Axis
a variable that tells location relative to an origin.
a place where the position has been given a value of zero.
a variable that gives direction information included in its v…
one of two (or more) number lines that form a graph.
Position
a variable that tells location relative to an origin.
Origin
a place where the position has been given a value of zero.
7 terms
Earth Science - Chapter 3, Vocab
Mineral
Element
Compound
Crystal
...
...
...
...
Mineral
...
Element
...
103 terms
Earth and Space Science Chapter 3
minerals
mineralogy
native elements
halides
____________ are the substances that are found naturally in t…
__________ is the study of minerals. The branch of geology th…
The smallest group of minerals consists of the ____________,…
consists of compounds made with the elements fluorine, chlori…
minerals
____________ are the substances that are found naturally in t…
mineralogy
__________ is the study of minerals. The branch of geology th…
Earth Science Chapter 3
hardness
luster
specific gravity
streak
a measure of how easily a mineral can be scratched
the way a mineral reflects light
the ratio of a mineral's weight compared with the weight of a…
the color of a mineral when it is in a powdered form
hardness
a measure of how easily a mineral can be scratched
luster
the way a mineral reflects light
Earth Science Chapter 3
Magma
Igneous Rocks
Lava
Melt
The parent material for forming igneous rocks; formed by the…
Formed as molten rock cools and solidifies
Magma that reaches the Earth's surface
The liquid portion of magma; composed of mobile ions of the e…
Magma
The parent material for forming igneous rocks; formed by the…
Igneous Rocks
Formed as molten rock cools and solidifies
178 terms
Earth Science Chapter 3
Celestial Object
# of Celestial Objects visible with un…
Examples of celestial objects
Universe
Any object visible in the sky that is beyond planet Earth
6,000
sun, moon, stars, planets, comet
Everything that exists in any place
Celestial Object
Any object visible in the sky that is beyond planet Earth
# of Celestial Objects visible with un…
6,000
28 terms
earth science chapter 3: rocks
rock
igneous rock
sedimentary rock
metamorphic rock
any solid mass of mineral or mineral like matter occurring na…
a type of rock that forms from the cooling of molten rock at…
A type of rock that forms when particles from other rocks or…
A type of rock that forms from an existing rock that is chang…
rock
any solid mass of mineral or mineral like matter occurring na…
igneous rock
a type of rock that forms from the cooling of molten rock at…
Earth Science Review Chapter 3
What was earth called when it was a gi…
Describe secondary waves
Describe primary waves
Transform
Pangea
Second, slow, solids only, move perpendicular
First, fast, travel through everything, move parallel
Slide past each other
What was earth called when it was a gi…
Pangea
Describe secondary waves
Second, slow, solids only, move perpendicular
26 terms
Earth Science Chapter 3
hardness
luster
specific gravity
streak
a measure of how easily a mineral can be scratched
the way a mineral reflects light
the ratio of a mineral's weight compared with the weight of a…
the color of a mineral when it is in a powdered form
hardness
a measure of how easily a mineral can be scratched
luster
the way a mineral reflects light
20 terms
Earth Science Chapter 3
Proton
Electron
Neutron
Atomic Number
Positive charge, in the nuclues, equal in mass to Neutron
Negative charge, orbits the nucleus, no mass
Neutral charge, in the nucleus, equal in mass to proton
total # of Protons
Proton
Positive charge, in the nuclues, equal in mass to Neutron
Electron
Negative charge, orbits the nucleus, no mass
18 terms
WCA - Earth Science Chapter 3 - Clark
mineral
inorganic
crystal
streak
A naturally occurring, inorganic solid that has a crystal str…
Not formed from living things or the remains of living things.
A solid in which the atoms are arranged in a pattern that rep…
The color of a mineral's powder.
mineral
A naturally occurring, inorganic solid that has a crystal str…
inorganic
Not formed from living things or the remains of living things.
46 terms
Earth Science Tarbuck: Chapter 3
Andesitic (intermediate) composition
Assimilation
Basaltic composition
Basalt
igneous rocks with a combination of between granitic and basa…
magmas chemical composition changed when it migrates upward a…
Igneous rocks that contain dark silicates and feldspar but no…
- most common extrusive igneous rock, very dark green, fine g…
Andesitic (intermediate) composition
igneous rocks with a combination of between granitic and basa…
Assimilation
magmas chemical composition changed when it migrates upward a…
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