Study sets matching "earth science chapter 8"

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Study sets matching "earth science chapter 8"

23 terms
Chapter 8 Earth Science Vocabulary
Earthquake
fault
focus
seismic waves
vibration of Earth produced by the rapid release of energy
fracture in Earth along which movement has or can occur
the point where energy from an earthquake originates
waves traveling through Earth transferring energy released du…
Earthquake
vibration of Earth produced by the rapid release of energy
fault
fracture in Earth along which movement has or can occur
23 terms
Earth Science Chapter 8
Earthquake
S Wave
Fault
Focus
Shaking and vibration at the surface of the earth resulting f…
a type of seismic wave in which the shaking is perpendicular…
A crack in the earth's crust resulting from the displacement…
Point at the depth where the rocks ruptured to produce earthq…
Earthquake
Shaking and vibration at the surface of the earth resulting f…
S Wave
a type of seismic wave in which the shaking is perpendicular…
40 terms
Earth & Space Science Chapter 8
Catastrophism
Uniformitarianism
Geologic time scale
Numerical dates
The belief that Earth's varied landscapes had been fashioned…
The physical, chemical, and biological laws that operate toda…
The division of Earth history into blocks of time, such as eo…
Dates that specify the actual number of years that have passe…
Catastrophism
The belief that Earth's varied landscapes had been fashioned…
Uniformitarianism
The physical, chemical, and biological laws that operate toda…
Earth Science Chapter 8
Compression
Isostasy
Plastic
Shear
Stress resulting from squeezing.
Equilibrium between continental crust and the denser mantle b…
Capable of being molded.
Stress resulting from parallel forces acting in opposite dire…
Compression
Stress resulting from squeezing.
Isostasy
Equilibrium between continental crust and the denser mantle b…
Earth Science Chapter 8
igneous
volcano
vent
pillow lava
Volcanoes are made of _________rocks.
came from the name for a Roman god
what a volcano forms when magma forces its way to the surface…
only forms underwater
igneous
Volcanoes are made of _________rocks.
volcano
came from the name for a Roman god
15 terms
CPO Middle School Earth Science (Chapter 8)
Map
Globe
Equator
Latitude
a representational drawing of a location
a map of Earth that models its shape, and the locations and r…
an imaginary line around Earth's middle; lies between the nor…
east-west lines that are north or south of the equator
Map
a representational drawing of a location
Globe
a map of Earth that models its shape, and the locations and r…
Earth Science - Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Uniformitarianism
Relative Age
Law of Superposition
Uncomformity
a principle that geologic processes that occurred in the past…
the age of an object in relation to the ages of other objects
the law that a sedimentary rock layer is older than the layer…
a break in the geologic record created when rock layers are e…
Uniformitarianism
a principle that geologic processes that occurred in the past…
Relative Age
the age of an object in relation to the ages of other objects
23 terms
Earth Science Chapter 8.2
If droplets or crystals are present in…
Most clouds are a result of . . .
Low-level clouds
Mid-level clouds
Cloud
Adiabatic cooling
surface of the earth to 6500 feet
6500 - 23000 feet
If droplets or crystals are present in…
Cloud
Most clouds are a result of . . .
Adiabatic cooling
35 terms
earth science-chapter 8-Matter
physical properties
subatomic particle
chemical properties
isotopes
properties that can be observed without changing the chemical…
protons, neutrons, electrons
Characteristics of a substance that determine how it will rea…
atoms of the same element that have different numbers of neut…
physical properties
properties that can be observed without changing the chemical…
subatomic particle
protons, neutrons, electrons
Chapter 8 EARTH SCIENCE!!!
Core
Mantle
Magma
Asthenosphere
The innermost zone of Earth's interior, composed mostly of ir…
The layer of Earth above the core, containing magma.
Molten rock.
The layer of Earth located in the outer part of the mantle, c…
Core
The innermost zone of Earth's interior, composed mostly of ir…
Mantle
The layer of Earth above the core, containing magma.
23 terms
Earth Science Chapter 8: Earthquakes and Earth's Interior
Earthquake
Focus
Epicenter
Fault
the vibration of Earth produced by the rapid release of energy
the point within Earth where an earthquake originates
the location on Earth's surface directly above the focus, or…
a fracture in Earth along which movement has occurred
Earthquake
the vibration of Earth produced by the rapid release of energy
Focus
the point within Earth where an earthquake originates
20 terms
Earth Science Chapter 8
fissure
active volcano
dormant volcano
effusive eruption
long cracks in the ground
a volcano that is erupting or has shown signs that it may eru…
A volcano that has not erupted for a long time, but may erupt…
An eruption that yields mostly lava, not ash.
fissure
long cracks in the ground
active volcano
a volcano that is erupting or has shown signs that it may eru…
20 terms
Earth Science Chapter 8.1
weather
climate
meteorology
Factors that cause earth's variable we…
state of the atmosphere at a certain time and place
year-round weather typical of a certain place
study of weather
heat energy
weather
state of the atmosphere at a certain time and place
climate
year-round weather typical of a certain place
22 terms
Earth Science Chapter 8
Earthquake
Focus
Seismic waves
Epicenter
The vibration of Earth produces by the rapid release of energy.
The point within the Earth where an earthquake originates.
Vibrations traveling through the Earth carrying the energy re…
The location on the Earth's surface directly above the focus,…
Earthquake
The vibration of Earth produces by the rapid release of energy.
Focus
The point within the Earth where an earthquake originates.
Glencoe Earth Science Chapter 8 Mass Movement
mass movement
creep
mudflow
landslide
the downhill movement of rock and soil because of gravity
the slow downhill movement of weathered rock material
quickly moving downhill flow of soil and rock fragments conta…
A downslope movement of rock and soil over a failure surface(…
mass movement
the downhill movement of rock and soil because of gravity
creep
the slow downhill movement of weathered rock material
23 terms
Earth Science Chapter 8
earthquake
focus
epicenter
fault
...
...
...
...
earthquake
...
focus
...
33 terms
BJU Earth Science Chapter 8
igneous
a Roman God
vent.
under water
Volcanoes are made of what kind of rocks?
Where did the term volcano originally come from?
A volcano begins to form when magma forces its way up through…
Where does pillow lava form?
igneous
Volcanoes are made of what kind of rocks?
a Roman God
Where did the term volcano originally come from?
Chapter 8 earth science
by correlating stratigraphic records w…
uniformity
catasrophism
stratigraphy
how was this earth geologic history created?
natural laws are permament: under the same conditions a given…
earth originated through supernatural means and had been affe…
the study of rock layers and layering
by correlating stratigraphic records w…
how was this earth geologic history created?
uniformity
natural laws are permament: under the same conditions a given…
30 terms
Chapter 8 Earth Science
erosion
deposition
mass erosion
talus
(geology) the mechanical process of wearing or grinding somet…
Process in which sediment is laid down in new locations.
downhill movement of weathered materials caused by gravity
An accumulation of rock debris at the base of a cliff
erosion
(geology) the mechanical process of wearing or grinding somet…
deposition
Process in which sediment is laid down in new locations.
chapter 8 earth science
Earthquake zone
Seismograph
Elastic rebound
Mercalli scale
area with many faults and earthquakes happen most often in.
an instrument that records vibrations in the ground and deter…
causes the ground to move during an earthquake, and it also b…
is used to measure earthquakes.
Earthquake zone
area with many faults and earthquakes happen most often in.
Seismograph
an instrument that records vibrations in the ground and deter…
26 terms
Earth Science Chapter 8 Weathering and Soil Formation
weathering
erosion
uniformitarianism
mechanical weathering
The breaking down of rocks and other materials on the Earth's…
The process by which water, ice, wind, or gravity moves weath…
The geologic principle that the same geologic processes that…
The type of weathering in which rock is physically broken int…
weathering
The breaking down of rocks and other materials on the Earth's…
erosion
The process by which water, ice, wind, or gravity moves weath…
22 terms
Glencoe Earth Science Chapter 8 Mass Movement
mass movement
creep
mudflow
landslide
the downhill movement of rock and soil because of gravity
the slow downhill movement of weathered rock material
quickly moving downhill flow of soil and rock fragments conta…
A downslope movement of rock and soil over a failure surface(…
mass movement
the downhill movement of rock and soil because of gravity
creep
the slow downhill movement of weathered rock material
52 terms
Chapter 8 Earth Science
Earthquake
Faults
Hypocenter or Focus
Epicenter
Ground shaking caused by the sudden and rapid movement of one…
The fractures in the Earth's crust along which rocks on one s…
The location where slippage begins
The point on the Earth's surface directly above the hypocente…
Earthquake
Ground shaking caused by the sudden and rapid movement of one…
Faults
The fractures in the Earth's crust along which rocks on one s…
Earth Science Chapter 8
Seismology
Deformation
Elastic Rebound
Seismic Wave
The study of earthquakes
The bending, tilting, and breaking of the Earth's crust; the…
the sudden return of elastically deformed rock to its undefor…
A wave of energy that travels through the Earth, away from an…
Seismology
The study of earthquakes
Deformation
The bending, tilting, and breaking of the Earth's crust; the…
Chapter 8: Earth Science
Core
Mantle
Magma
Asthenosphere
The innermost zone of Earth's interior, composed mostly of ir…
The layer of Earth above the core, containing magma.
Molten rock
The layer of Earth located in the outer part of the mantle, c…
Core
The innermost zone of Earth's interior, composed mostly of ir…
Mantle
The layer of Earth above the core, containing magma.
29 terms
earth science chapter 8
seismology
deformation
elastic rebound
seismic wave
The study of earthquakes
the bending, tilting, and breaking of the earth's crust; the…
the sudden return of elastically deformed rock to its undefor…
a wave of energy that travels through the Earth, away from an…
seismology
The study of earthquakes
deformation
the bending, tilting, and breaking of the earth's crust; the…
44 terms
Earth Science Chapter 8
Volcano
Igneous rock
Intrusive volcanism
Extrusive volcanism
Mountain landform created from solidified magma
Fire formed rock
Igneous structures formed beneath the Earth's surface
igneous structures formed on top of the Earth's surface
Volcano
Mountain landform created from solidified magma
Igneous rock
Fire formed rock
14 terms
Earth Science Chapter 8
erosion
deposition
mass movement
slump
process in which surface materials are worn away and transpor…
dropping of sediments that occurs when an agent of erosion, s…
any type of erosion that occurs as gravity moves materials do…
a type of mass movement that occurs when a mass of material m…
erosion
process in which surface materials are worn away and transpor…
deposition
dropping of sediments that occurs when an agent of erosion, s…
20 terms
Earth Science Chapter 8
Massive stars, many times heavier than…
In the reaction for the decomposition…
Since we are unable to directly sample…
What percentage of the total mass of t…
supernova... Supernovae (plural of supernova) are explosions of…
4 moles are produced.... The coefficients in front of each comp…
proxy... Proxy data is biological, chemical, mineralogical and…
99%
Massive stars, many times heavier than…
supernova... Supernovae (plural of supernova) are explosions of…
In the reaction for the decomposition…
4 moles are produced.... The coefficients in front of each comp…
34 terms
Earth Science chapter 8
igneous
Magma
Lava
Pahoehoe
fire-formed
Liquid rock beneath Earth's surface
Liquid rock above Earth's surface
Lava with smoothly wrinkled ropey surface
igneous
fire-formed
Magma
Liquid rock beneath Earth's surface
36 terms
Earth Science Chapter 8
Earthquake
Focus
Epicenter
Faults
the vibration of Earth produced by the rapid release of energy
point within Earth where the earthquake starts
location on the surface directly above the focus
Fractures in Earth where movement has occurred
Earthquake
the vibration of Earth produced by the rapid release of energy
Focus
point within Earth where the earthquake starts
14 terms
Earth Science Chapter 8 Review
A rock is a mixture of_____.
The three main types of rocks are
_____ is a metamorphic rock.
_______ is an igneous rock
minerals
igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic
Foliated Rock
Granite
A rock is a mixture of_____.
minerals
The three main types of rocks are
igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic
44 terms
Earth Science: Chapter 8 Earth Chemistry REVIEW
alloy
energy level
diatomic molecule
chemical property
Solid solution of two or more metals.
Arrangement of electrons within the electron cloud of atoms.
Consisting of two atoms.
Characteristic that describes how a substance interacts with…
alloy
Solid solution of two or more metals.
energy level
Arrangement of electrons within the electron cloud of atoms.
26 terms
Earth Science Chapter 8 Weathering and Soil Formation
weathering
erosion
uniformitarianism
mechanical weathering
The breaking down of rocks and other materials on the Earth's…
The process by which water, ice, wind, or gravity moves weath…
The geologic principle that the same geologic processes that…
The type of weathering in which rock is physically broken int…
weathering
The breaking down of rocks and other materials on the Earth's…
erosion
The process by which water, ice, wind, or gravity moves weath…
Earth Science Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Erosion
Deposition
Mass Movement
Slump
Processes by which rock, sand, and soil are broken down and c…
Process in which sediment is laid down in new locations.
Any one of several processes by which gravity moves sediment…
A type of mass movement that occurs when a mass of material m…
Erosion
Processes by which rock, sand, and soil are broken down and c…
Deposition
Process in which sediment is laid down in new locations.
29 terms
Earth Science Chapter 8
earthquake
fault
focus
seismic waves
the vibration of Earth by the rapid release of energy
fractures in Earth where movement has occurred
point within the Earth where an earthquake originated
energy released by the earthquake that travels in all directi…
earthquake
the vibration of Earth by the rapid release of energy
fault
fractures in Earth where movement has occurred
Holt Earth Science Chapter 8
uniformitarianism
relative age
law of superposition
unconformity
principle that Earth's processes occurring today are similar…
the age of an object in relation to the ages of other objects
the law that a sedimentary rock layer is older than the layer…
a break in the geologic record created when rock layers are e…
uniformitarianism
principle that Earth's processes occurring today are similar…
relative age
the age of an object in relation to the ages of other objects
18 terms
Earth Science Chapter 8
seismology
tectonic plates
fault
deformation
study of earthquakes
giant pieces of earth's thin, outermost layer
a break in the earth's crust along which blocks of crust slide
the change in the shape of rock in response to stress
seismology
study of earthquakes
tectonic plates
giant pieces of earth's thin, outermost layer
7 terms
Mr.Q Earth Science Chapter 8
Solar eclipse
Umbra
Path of totality
Corona
an event in which the moon gets in between the sun and the ea…
the shadow caused by the moon during a solar eclipse
the path of the moon's shadow during a solar eclipse
a bright ring of light that encircles the moon when it is com…
Solar eclipse
an event in which the moon gets in between the sun and the ea…
Umbra
the shadow caused by the moon during a solar eclipse
16 terms
Earth Science Chapter 8.4
Air mass
Maritime
Continental
Polar
large body of air with uniform temperature, humidity and pres…
forms over water
forms over land
forms over cold region
Air mass
large body of air with uniform temperature, humidity and pres…
Maritime
forms over water
20 terms
Earth Science Chapter 8.3
Rain
Water cycle
Bergeron process
Collision-coalescence process
drops of liquid falling from clouds to earth; most common for…
movement of earth's water from the surface, into the air and…
how rain forms in clouds with temperatures below freezing
how rain forms in clouds with temperatures above freezing
Rain
drops of liquid falling from clouds to earth; most common for…
Water cycle
movement of earth's water from the surface, into the air and…
34 terms
BJU Earth Science, Chapter 8
Volcanoes are made of what kind of roc…
Where did the term volcano originally…
A volcano begins to form when magma fo…
Where does pillow lava form?
igneous
a Roman God
vent.
under water
Volcanoes are made of what kind of roc…
igneous
Where did the term volcano originally…
a Roman God
46 terms
BJU earth science chapter 8
what type of rocks are volcanoes made of
where did the term volcano originate
a hole or what forms during the format…
where does pillow lava form
igneous
a roman god, vulcano island
vent
underwater
what type of rocks are volcanoes made of
igneous
where did the term volcano originate
a roman god, vulcano island
33 terms
BJU Earth Science, Chapter 8
Volcanoes are made of what kind of roc…
Where did the term volcano originally…
A volcano begins to form when magma fo…
Where does pillow lava form?
igneous
a Roman God
vent.
under water
Volcanoes are made of what kind of roc…
igneous
Where did the term volcano originally…
a Roman God
Earth Science - Chapter 8 Earthquakes
Seismology
Fault
Deformation
Elastic rebound
The study of earthquakes
A break in the Earth's crust
The bending, tilting, and breaking of the Earth's crust; the…
The sudden return of elastically deformed rock to its undefor…
Seismology
The study of earthquakes
Fault
A break in the Earth's crust
Earth Science Chapter 8: Plate Tectonics
crust
mantle
core
lithosphere
the outermost solid layer of the Earth
the thick layer just below Earth's crust
the dense, innermost layer of the Earth
the crust and the upper part of the mantle which form tectoni…
crust
the outermost solid layer of the Earth
mantle
the thick layer just below Earth's crust
Earth Science, Chapter 8
erosion
deposition
mass erosion
run off
process by which weathered material is removed and carried fr…
process by which material carried by erosion is dropped in ne…
downhill movement of weathered material caused by gravity
water from rain or snow that flows into streams and rivers fr…
erosion
process by which weathered material is removed and carried fr…
deposition
process by which material carried by erosion is dropped in ne…
29 terms
Earth Science Chapter 8 Matter
matter
physical properties
chemical properties
atoms
a substance that take up space and has mass
A characteristic of a pure substance that can be observed wit…
Characteristics of a substance that determines how it will re…
Smallest part of an element
matter
a substance that take up space and has mass
physical properties
A characteristic of a pure substance that can be observed wit…
12 terms
Earth Science Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Clastic Rock
Extrusive Rock
Igneous Rock
Metamorphic Rock
Sedimentary rock made mainly from fragments of other rocks
Igneous rock that forms from cooled lava on the earth's surface
Rock formed from melted minerals that have cooled and hardened
Rock that has been changed by intense heat, pressure, and che…
Clastic Rock
Sedimentary rock made mainly from fragments of other rocks
Extrusive Rock
Igneous rock that forms from cooled lava on the earth's surface
Chapter 8 earth science
Rock
Texture
Igneous rock
Types of igneous rock
An aggregate (mixture) of minerals
The visible characteristics of a rock which include grain siz…
Rocks that Form from molten rock
- plutonic (intrusive) ... - volcanic (extrusive)
Rock
An aggregate (mixture) of minerals
Texture
The visible characteristics of a rock which include grain siz…
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