Study sets matching "earth science earth's surface"

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Study sets matching "earth science earth's surface"

5 terms
Earth Science Earth's Surface
Mineral
silicate
crystallization
magma
Basic building blocks of rocks they are composed of elements…
Any one of numerous minerals that have the oxygen and silicon…
2. a process when minerals form which molecules and/or ions c…
Molten rock beneath the earth's surface... A molten mixture of r…
Mineral
Basic building blocks of rocks they are composed of elements…
silicate
Any one of numerous minerals that have the oxygen and silicon…
36 terms
Earth Science Sculpting Earth's Surface
Weathering
Mechanical Weathering
Chemical Weathering
Frost wedging
The breaking down of rocks and other materials on the Earth's…
The type of weathering in which rock is physically broken int…
The process in which rock is broken down by changes in its ch…
The mechanical breakup of rock caused by the expansion of fre…
Weathering
The breaking down of rocks and other materials on the Earth's…
Mechanical Weathering
The type of weathering in which rock is physically broken int…
24 terms
Science - Earth's Surface
Streak
Mineral
Luster
Igneous
the color of a mineral in its powdered form.
a nonliving, naturally occurring solid that has its own regul…
the way a mineral's surface reflects light.
..rocks that form when melted rock cools and hardens.
Streak
the color of a mineral in its powdered form.
Mineral
a nonliving, naturally occurring solid that has its own regul…
37 terms
Earth Science Vocabulary--Changes to Earth's Surface
landform
mountain
canyon
plain
a natural land shape or feature on Earth's surface
Is a landform that is higher than the land around it.
a valley with steep walls
large, flat landform
landform
a natural land shape or feature on Earth's surface
mountain
Is a landform that is higher than the land around it.
19 terms
Science - Earth's Surface
Weathering
Erosion
Uniformitarianism
Mechanical Weathering
Chemical or physical process that breaks down rocks into smal…
(geology) The mechanical process of wearing or grinding somet…
A principle that geologic processes that occurred in the past…
The type of weathering in which rock is physically broken int…
Weathering
Chemical or physical process that breaks down rocks into smal…
Erosion
(geology) The mechanical process of wearing or grinding somet…
Schulz Science/Earth's Surface
Earth's surface is constantly ________…
erosion
weathering
channels
changing
the moving of rocks and soil by water, wind, ice, gravity, pl…
the breaking down or wearing away of rocks by water or wind
cuts in the ground made by moving water, such as a river or s…
Earth's surface is constantly ________…
changing
erosion
the moving of rocks and soil by water, wind, ice, gravity, pl…
16 terms
Science- earth's surface
define the process of erosion
define the process of deposition
describe what happens to sediment when…
describe the effects of erosion by gro…
type of weathering in which surface soil and rock are worn aw…
process in which sediments, soil, and rocks are added to land…
the sediment is deposited because the gravity is stronger tha…
acidic water soaks into the ground, the water dissolves the r…
define the process of erosion
type of weathering in which surface soil and rock are worn aw…
define the process of deposition
process in which sediments, soil, and rocks are added to land…
Science Earth's Surface
Rock
Boulder
Pebble
Clay
A hard non-living object that comes from the ground
A very large Rock
A very small rock
Holds more water than sand
Rock
A hard non-living object that comes from the ground
Boulder
A very large Rock
23 terms
Earth Science Vocabulary--Changes to Earth's Surface
landform
mountain
valley
canyon
a natural feature on Earth's surface
an area that is higher than the land around it
lower area with higher land around it
a valley with steep walls
landform
a natural feature on Earth's surface
mountain
an area that is higher than the land around it
Science Earth's Surface
Temperature change, Pressure change, W…
Desert regions, because they have the…
Water collects in cracks in rock, rock…
the wearing away of rock by mechanical…
Name the 6 causes of physical weathering.
Where would physical weathering from temperature changes be m…
Explain ice wedging.
Explain abrasion.
Temperature change, Pressure change, W…
Name the 6 causes of physical weathering.
Desert regions, because they have the…
Where would physical weathering from temperature changes be m…
37 terms
Science// Earth's Surface
Sphere
Ocean
Diameter
Atmosphere
Shaped like a ball
70% of Earth is _______
Earth has a ________ of about 1300 0 km
Gases surrounding Earth
Sphere
Shaped like a ball
Ocean
70% of Earth is _______
16 terms
Science Earth's Surface
Chemical Weathering
Deposition
Erosion
Humus
The process that breaks down rock through chemical changes
Occurs where the agents of erosion deposit or lay down, sedim…
The process by which natural; forces move weathered rock & so…
A dark-colored substance that forms as plant & animal remains…
Chemical Weathering
The process that breaks down rock through chemical changes
Deposition
Occurs where the agents of erosion deposit or lay down, sedim…
43 terms
Earth Science: Mapping Earth's Surface
topography
elevation
map
globe
the shape of the land determined by elevation, relief, and la…
height above sea level
a flat model of all or part of Earth's surface as seen from a…
a sphere that represents Earth's entire surface
topography
the shape of the land determined by elevation, relief, and la…
elevation
height above sea level
46 terms
Science-Earth's Surface
weathering
physical weathering
chemical weathering
erosion
The process that breaks down rock into small pieces
Impacts, temperature changes, and ice expanding in cracks bre…
when rock's composition is broken down and changed
pieces of weathered rock are moved from place to place
weathering
The process that breaks down rock into small pieces
physical weathering
Impacts, temperature changes, and ice expanding in cracks bre…
43 terms
Earth Science: Mapping Earth's Surface
topography
elevation
map
globe
the shape of the land determined by elevation, relief, and la…
height above sea level
a flat model of all or part of Earth's surface as seen from a…
a sphere that represents Earth's entire surface
topography
the shape of the land determined by elevation, relief, and la…
elevation
height above sea level
16 terms
Earth Science: Changes to Earth's Surface
Weathering
Mechanical Weathering
Chemical Weathering
Ice Wedging
The breaking down of rocks and other materials on the Earth's…
The type of weathering in which rock is physically broken int…
The process in which rock is broken down by changes in its ch…
Process that splits rock when water seeps into cracks, then f…
Weathering
The breaking down of rocks and other materials on the Earth's…
Mechanical Weathering
The type of weathering in which rock is physically broken int…
14 terms
Science- Earth's surface
The earth's crust is made up of many d…
Some examples of landforms are
Earth's landforms change constantly. W…
Two types of weathering are
landforms
mountains, valleys, hills, rivers, lakes, plateaus, etc
weathering
Chemical and Physical
The earth's crust is made up of many d…
landforms
Some examples of landforms are
mountains, valleys, hills, rivers, lakes, plateaus, etc
16 terms
Earth's Surface Science 6
Abrasion
Chemical Weathering
Decomposers
Deposition
The grinding away of rock by other rock particles carried in…
The process that breaks down rock through chemical changes
Organism that gets energy by breaking down wastes and dead or…
Process in which sediment is laid down in a new location
Abrasion
The grinding away of rock by other rock particles carried in…
Chemical Weathering
The process that breaks down rock through chemical changes
13 terms
Science-5th grade-Changes to earth's surface
fault
delta
sand dune
glacier
a break in the earth's crust
an area of new land at the mouth of the river formed by sedim…
a hill of sand made and shaped by wind
a large thick sheet of ice (it moves)
fault
a break in the earth's crust
delta
an area of new land at the mouth of the river formed by sedim…
28 terms
Science Earth's Changing Surface
What are the two types of weathering?
Mechanical weathering
Weathering
Chemical Weathering
Mechanical and Chemical
the type of weathering in which rock is physically broken int…
the process (slow) that breaks down rock and other substances…
The process (slow) that breaks down rock through chemical cha…
What are the two types of weathering?
Mechanical and Chemical
Mechanical weathering
the type of weathering in which rock is physically broken int…
12 terms
Science Ch 5: Exploring Earth's Surface
weathering
erosion
earthquake
volcano
a kind of change that happens when wind and water break down…
a kind of change that happens when wind and water move sand a…
a shaking of Earth's surface that can cause land to rise and…
a place where hot, melted rock called lava come out of the gr…
weathering
a kind of change that happens when wind and water break down…
erosion
a kind of change that happens when wind and water move sand a…
21 terms
Science Earth's Changing Surface
Abrasion
Delta
Mechanical Weathering
Chemical Weathering
the grinding away of rock or other surfaces as particles carr…
a large deposit of sediment that forms where a stream natural…
the physical processes that naturally break rock into smaller…
the process that changes the composition of rocks and mineral…
Abrasion
the grinding away of rock or other surfaces as particles carr…
Delta
a large deposit of sediment that forms where a stream natural…
Mapping Earth's Surface
topography
elevation
relief
landform
The shape of the land determined by elevation, relief, and la…
Height above sea level.
The difference in elevation between the highest and lowest pa…
A feature of topography formed by the processes that shape Ea…
topography
The shape of the land determined by elevation, relief, and la…
elevation
Height above sea level.
13 terms
Fifth Grade Science Earth's Surface
Metamorphic
Mineral
Rock cycle
Igneous
Rocks formed inside earth from other rocks under heat and pre…
A non living, naturally occurring solid that has its own regu…
A process in which rocks are constantly being formed and dest…
Rocks that form when melted rock cools and hardens
Metamorphic
Rocks formed inside earth from other rocks under heat and pre…
Mineral
A non living, naturally occurring solid that has its own regu…
10 terms
Science --Changes to Earth's Surface
landform
weathering
Erosion
deposition
physical features on the Earth's surface; ex. canyons, rock c…
the process of breaking rock into sediments
the process of moving sediments from one place to another
the process of dropping or depositing sediment into a new loc…
landform
physical features on the Earth's surface; ex. canyons, rock c…
weathering
the process of breaking rock into sediments
28 terms
Mapping Earth's Surface
Topography
elevation
relief
map projection
the shape of the land determined by elevation, relief, and la…
height above sea level
the difference in elevation between the highest and lowest pa…
a framework of lines that helps to transfer points on Earth's…
Topography
the shape of the land determined by elevation, relief, and la…
elevation
height above sea level
10 terms
science vocab:earth's surface
tectonic plate
convection current
hot spot
rifting
lithosphere is broken into many large and small slabs of rock
a motion that transfers heat and energy in a material
an area of volcanic activity that develops above a plume in t…
going apart; to move apart
tectonic plate
lithosphere is broken into many large and small slabs of rock
convection current
a motion that transfers heat and energy in a material
Earth Science 3.1 Changing Earth's Surface
Erosion
Sediment
Deposition
Gravity
The process by which natural forces move weathered rock and s…
Material moved by erosion.
Occurs where the agents of erosion deposit, or lay down, sedi…
The force that moves rock and other materials downhill.
Erosion
The process by which natural forces move weathered rock and s…
Sediment
Material moved by erosion.
13 terms
Changing Earth's Surface
Landslide
Mudflow
Slump
Creep
The sudden movement of rock and soil down a slope
Quickly moving downhill flow of soil and rock fragments conta…
A type of mass movement that occurs when a mass of material m…
very slow downhill movement of rock and soil
Landslide
The sudden movement of rock and soil down a slope
Mudflow
Quickly moving downhill flow of soil and rock fragments conta…
Science~ Earth's Moving Surface
Plate tectonics
Lithosphere
Asthenosphere
Divergent boundary
Theory that states that Earth surface is broken into large, r…
Crust and upper it part of the mantle
Partially melted portion of the mantle below the lithosphere
Where two plates move away from each other
Plate tectonics
Theory that states that Earth surface is broken into large, r…
Lithosphere
Crust and upper it part of the mantle
Science (earth's changing surface)
Topography
Elevation
Relief
Landform
Shape of the land
Height above sea level
Difference in elevation between highest and lowest parts of a…
Feature of topography formed by natural processes that shape…
Topography
Shape of the land
Elevation
Height above sea level
28 terms
Grade 4 Science Earth's Surface
Cave
Plains
Mountains
Hills
A natural opening in the ground formed by slowly moving groun…
A large are of flat land with few trees
A land mass that projects well above its surroundings
Naturally raised area of land
Cave
A natural opening in the ground formed by slowly moving groun…
Plains
A large are of flat land with few trees
9 terms
Exploring Earth's Surface
topograhpy
elavation
relief
landform
the shape of the lad determined by elevation, relief, and lan…
Height above sea level.
The difference in elevation between the highest and lowest po…
a feature of topography formed by the processes that shape Ea…
topograhpy
the shape of the lad determined by elevation, relief, and lan…
elavation
Height above sea level.
67 terms
Science - Mapping Earth's surface
topography
elevation relief and landforms
elevation
relief
the shape of the land
what three things does the topography of an area include
the height above sea level of a point on earth's surface
the difference in elevation between the highest and lowest pa…
topography
the shape of the land
elevation relief and landforms
what three things does the topography of an area include
30 terms
Science, Shaping Earth's surface
Glacier
Sediment
acid rain
floodplain
I am a huge mass of ice. I erode the rock beneath me as I flo…
I am particles of rock. Moving water deposits me when it slow…
I wear away stone and metal surfaces when I fall from the sky…
I am a flat area along a riverbank. Rivers deposit sediment o…
Glacier
I am a huge mass of ice. I erode the rock beneath me as I flo…
Sediment
I am particles of rock. Moving water deposits me when it slow…
11 terms
6th Science: Earth's Surface
oxidation
Dissolve
gravity
combine
Chemical weathering process: Oxygen and water cause minerals…
To mix completely with a fluid so that you can't separate it…
One force that pulls two objects together. Example: It is a f…
To put together and make a new thing
oxidation
Chemical weathering process: Oxygen and water cause minerals…
Dissolve
To mix completely with a fluid so that you can't separate it…
16 terms
Earth's Changing Surface
landform
weathering
erosion
glacier
A physical feature on Earth's surface.
The breaking down of rocks and other materials on the Earth's…
Processes by which rock, sand, and soil are broken down and c…
A large mass of moving ice and snow on land.
landform
A physical feature on Earth's surface.
weathering
The breaking down of rocks and other materials on the Earth's…
Science: Changes to the Earth's Surface
Bay
Delta
Depositation
Erosion
A body of water that is partly enclosed by land and has a wid…
A large mass of sediment deposited at the mouth of a river
The dropping of sediment moved by water, wind, and ice
The movement of rock material from one place to another
Bay
A body of water that is partly enclosed by land and has a wid…
Delta
A large mass of sediment deposited at the mouth of a river
22 terms
Earth's Surface
Earth System
Geosphere
Hydrosphere
Cryosphere
All of the nonliving things, living things, and processes tha…
The mostly solid, rocky part of Earth.
The portion of Earth that is water.
Those portions of Earth's surface where water occurs in solid…
Earth System
All of the nonliving things, living things, and processes tha…
Geosphere
The mostly solid, rocky part of Earth.
22 terms
Science Earth's Changing Surface
landform
topography
sand dune
weathering
a natural shape or feature
all the kinds of landforms in a certain place
a hill of sand, made and shaped by the wind
the process of wearing away rocks by natural means
landform
a natural shape or feature
topography
all the kinds of landforms in a certain place
49 terms
Science Earth's Changing Surface
feature
landscape
landform
model
A noticeable characteristic or trait
a large area of land that includes a wide variety of surface…
A part of the Earth's surface that has a unique shape, it is…
An object that represents something that is similar to the re…
feature
A noticeable characteristic or trait
landscape
a large area of land that includes a wide variety of surface…
27 terms
Science Earth's Changing Surface
Crust
Mantle
Landforms
Weathering
The outer surface of Earth is a layer of rock called ------.…
The layer of Earths surface after the crust is -----.
------ are natural land features on Earth's surface.
------ is when rocks are broken into smaller pieces.
Crust
The outer surface of Earth is a layer of rock called ------.…
Mantle
The layer of Earths surface after the crust is -----.
20 terms
Science - Ch 2 Mapping Earth's Surface
topography
elevation
landform
plain
the shape of the land
how high the land is
a hill, valley, or mountain on Earth
flat land
topography
the shape of the land
elevation
how high the land is
Science: changing Earth's surface
Gravity
Mudflow
Landslide
Slump
A force that moves rock and other materials downhill
Description: Rapid downhill movement of water rock and soil... O…
Rock and soil slide quickly down a steep slope... Most destructi…
Mass of rock and soil suddenly slips down slope... Moves in one…
Gravity
A force that moves rock and other materials downhill
Mudflow
Description: Rapid downhill movement of water rock and soil... O…
14 terms
Science Unit 7 Changes to Earth's Surface
constructive force
destructive force
erosion
weathering
force that builds a landform such as deposition to make sand…
force that breaks down land to form a new land form such as w…
water, wind, ice, and gravity move materials from place to pl…
physical or chemical process that breaks down rock on or near…
constructive force
force that builds a landform such as deposition to make sand…
destructive force
force that breaks down land to form a new land form such as w…
Science EOYA - Earth's Surface
What is a pollutant?
Explain the difference between erosion…
What is meant by the term "urban growt…
What are the main components of soil?
Substances that are harmful to the environment.
Weathering are natural forces breaking down rock. Erosion is…
Population grows and there is an increased demand for resourc…
Rock particles, organic matter, air, water
What is a pollutant?
Substances that are harmful to the environment.
Explain the difference between erosion…
Weathering are natural forces breaking down rock. Erosion is…
Science EOYA - Earth's Surface
What is a pollutant?
Explain the difference between erosion…
What is meant by the term "urban growt…
What are the main components of soil?
Substances that are harmful to the environment.
Weathering are natural forces breaking down rock. Erosion is…
Population grows and there is an increased demand for resourc…
Rock particles, organic matter, air, water
What is a pollutant?
Substances that are harmful to the environment.
Explain the difference between erosion…
Weathering are natural forces breaking down rock. Erosion is…
28 terms
Grade 4 Science Earth's Surface
Cave
Plains
Mountains
Hills
A natural opening in the ground formed by slowly moving groun…
A large are of flat land with few trees
A land mass that projects well above its surroundings
Naturally raised area of land
Cave
A natural opening in the ground formed by slowly moving groun…
Plains
A large are of flat land with few trees
18 terms
Earth's Surface Science Test
Landform
Erosion
Deposition
Weathering
A natural feature of the earth's surface.
The gradual destruction of something.
Sediments, soil and rocks are added to a landform or land mass.
wear away or change the appearance or texture of (something)…
Landform
A natural feature of the earth's surface.
Erosion
The gradual destruction of something.
Science Earth's Surface Quiz
Topographic Map
Contour Lines
Contour Interval
Elevation
A map that shows Earth's surface topography, which is Earth's…
A line on a topographic map that connects points of equal ele…
The elevation difference between contour lines
The height above sea level of any point on Earth's surface.
Topographic Map
A map that shows Earth's surface topography, which is Earth's…
Contour Lines
A line on a topographic map that connects points of equal ele…
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