Study sets matching "earth science force earthquakes"

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Study sets matching "earth science force earthquakes"

27 terms
science test for forces in earth's crust, and earthquakes
richter scale
surface wave
mercalli scale
s wave
iit is a rating of an earthquake's magnitude based on the siz…
some are created when p and s waves reach the surface. they m…
it was developed to rate earthquakes according to the level o…
seismic waves that vibrate from side to side as well as up an…
richter scale
iit is a rating of an earthquake's magnitude based on the siz…
surface wave
some are created when p and s waves reach the surface. they m…
34 terms
science - forces in Earth's crust (earthquakes)
stress
tension
compression
shearing
a force that acts on rock to change its shape or volume
pulls on the crust, stretching rock so that it becomes thinne…
squeezes rock until it folds or breaks (causes reverse faults)
pushes a mass of rock in two opposite directions (causes stri…
stress
a force that acts on rock to change its shape or volume
tension
pulls on the crust, stretching rock so that it becomes thinne…
Earth Science: Earthquakes
focus
epicenter
seismic waves
primary waves
the point beneath Earth's surface where rock under stress bre…
the point on the surface of the earth directly above the focus
carry the energy of an earthquake away from the focus, throug…
Compress and expand or push and pull the ground like an accor…
focus
the point beneath Earth's surface where rock under stress bre…
epicenter
the point on the surface of the earth directly above the focus
Earthquakes Holt,Earth, and Science
Focus
Elastic Rebound
Earthquake
Intensity
The location within Earth along a fault at wich the first mot…
The sudden return of elastically deformed rock to its underfo…
A movement of treamblig of the ground that is caused by a sud…
In Earth science, the amount of damage caused by an eartquake.
Focus
The location within Earth along a fault at wich the first mot…
Elastic Rebound
The sudden return of elastically deformed rock to its underfo…
37 terms
CMS Earth Science Earthquakes
8,000
50
80
Focus
There are ________ earthquakes per day, worldwide
Most earthquakes begin within _______ miles from the Earth's…
___% of earthquakes occur in Pacific belt (Ring of Fire)
The point beneath the Earth's surface where rock breaks under…
8,000
There are ________ earthquakes per day, worldwide
50
Most earthquakes begin within _______ miles from the Earth's…
Earth Science Chapter 19 - "Earthquakes" - 19.1: Forces Within Earth.
Stress
Strain
Elastic Deformation
Plastic Deformation
Forces per unit area that act on a material - such as compres…
Deformation of materials as a response to scientific stress.
Causes material to "bend" and stretch; if stress decreases, s…
Permanent deformation caused by strain when stress exceeds a…
Stress
Forces per unit area that act on a material - such as compres…
Strain
Deformation of materials as a response to scientific stress.
12 terms
Forces in the Earth and Earthquakes
Energy stored in the rock as a result…
S Waves
Tension
Compression
Where does the energy in an earthquake wave come from?
Which type of wave cannot travel through a liquid
What kind of stress causes a normal fault?
What kind of stress causes a reverse fault?
Energy stored in the rock as a result…
Where does the energy in an earthquake wave come from?
S Waves
Which type of wave cannot travel through a liquid
20 terms
Earthquakes - forces within the earth
earthquake
most earthquakes occur when
stress
3 types of stress:
shaking&vibration at the surface of the Earth resulting from…
rock fractures/breaks deep within earth.
forces per unit area acting on a material.
compression, tension, and shear
earthquake
shaking&vibration at the surface of the Earth resulting from…
most earthquakes occur when
rock fractures/breaks deep within earth.
22 terms
Earth Science: Earthquakes
focus
epicenter
seismic waves
primary waves
the point beneath Earth's surface where rock under stress bre…
the point on the surface of the earth directly above the focus
carry the energy of an earthquake away from the focus, throug…
Compress and expand or push and pull the ground like an accor…
focus
the point beneath Earth's surface where rock under stress bre…
epicenter
the point on the surface of the earth directly above the focus
10 terms
Earth Science Earthquakes and Volcanoes
earthquakes
volcanoes
Convection Current
hot spot
energy released as tectonic/lithospheric plates slide and scr…
the eruption of magma and rock material which is ejected or r…
the rising of hot, less dense material and sinking of cold, m…
a weak spot in Earth's crust where magma comes out
earthquakes
energy released as tectonic/lithospheric plates slide and scr…
volcanoes
the eruption of magma and rock material which is ejected or r…
Earthquakes: Forces in Earth's Crust
p waves
compression
normal fault
focus
the first and fastest seismic waves that compress and expand…
stress force that squeezes rock until it folds or breaks
tension in Earth's crust where plates diverge or pull apart.…
the area beneath Earth's surface where rock that is under str…
p waves
the first and fastest seismic waves that compress and expand…
compression
stress force that squeezes rock until it folds or breaks
20 terms
Vocabulary - Earth Science and Earthquakes
crust
epicenter
focus
inner core
Earth's outermost layer, which varies in thickness from about…
point of Earth's surface directely above an earthquake's focus
in an earthquake, the point beneath Earth's surface where ene…
very dense, solid center of the Earth that is made of mostly…
crust
Earth's outermost layer, which varies in thickness from about…
epicenter
point of Earth's surface directely above an earthquake's focus
12 terms
Earthquakes- Forces in Earth's Crust
stress
tension
compression
shearing
a force that acts on rock to change its shape or volume.
stress that stretches rock so that it becomes thinner in the…
stress that squeezes rock until it folds or breaks.
stress that pushes masses of rock in opposite directions, in…
stress
a force that acts on rock to change its shape or volume.
tension
stress that stretches rock so that it becomes thinner in the…
9 terms
Earth Science - Earthquakes
Seismology
Deformation
Elastic Rebound
Seismic Wave
The study of earthquakes.
The bending, tilting, and breaking of the Earth's crust; the…
The sudden return of elastically deformed rock to its undefor…
A wave of energy that travels through the Earth, away from an…
Seismology
The study of earthquakes.
Deformation
The bending, tilting, and breaking of the Earth's crust; the…
29 terms
6th Grade Science: Earthquakes - Forces in Earth's Crust
force
mass
volume
fault
push or pull exerted on an object
a measure of the amount of matter an object contains and its…
the amount of space that matter occupies
a crack or break in rock along which rock surfaces can slip
force
push or pull exerted on an object
mass
a measure of the amount of matter an object contains and its…
35 terms
earthquakes and earths forces review
earthquake
types of earthquakes
stress
three types of stress
A shaking and vibration at the surface of the Earth resulting…
tectonic and magmatic
the pressure per unit area acting on a material.... generic term…
compression, tension, shear
earthquake
A shaking and vibration at the surface of the Earth resulting…
types of earthquakes
tectonic and magmatic
Earthquakes: Forces in Earth's Crust
stress
tension
compression
shearing
a force that acts on rock to change its shape or volume
stress that stretches rock so that it becomes thinner in the…
stress that squeezes rock until it folds or breaks
stress that pushes masses of rock in opposite directions, in…
stress
a force that acts on rock to change its shape or volume
tension
stress that stretches rock so that it becomes thinner in the…
27 terms
Forces in Earths crust-Earthquakes
Stress
Tension
Compression
Chearing
A force that acts on rock to change its shape or volume
Stress that stretches rock so that it becomes thinner in the…
Stress that squeezes rock until it folds or breaks
stress that pushes masses of rock in opposite directions, in…
Stress
A force that acts on rock to change its shape or volume
Tension
Stress that stretches rock so that it becomes thinner in the…
31 terms
Earth Science Chapter 12: Earthquakes
Aftershock
Asthenosphere
Body wave
Earthquake
A smaller earthquake that follows the main earthquake
The weaker, highly viscous part of the mantle below the litho…
a seismic wave that travels along the surface... of a medium
The vibration of Earth produced by the rapid release of energy
Aftershock
A smaller earthquake that follows the main earthquake
Asthenosphere
The weaker, highly viscous part of the mantle below the litho…
25 terms
6 Earth Science -- Earthquakes
stress
tension
compression
shearing
a force that acts on rock to change its shape or volume
stress that stretches rock so that it becomes thinner in the…
stress that squeezes rock until it folds and breaks
stress that pushes masses of rock in opposite directions, in…
stress
a force that acts on rock to change its shape or volume
tension
stress that stretches rock so that it becomes thinner in the…
5 terms
Earth Science - Earthquakes
Seismograph
Ring of Fire
Earthquake
Surface Wave
it measures how strong an earthquake is
an area around the Pacific Ocean where many volcanic eruption…
Vibrations in the Earth from sudden release of energy
is the most destructive vibration
Seismograph
it measures how strong an earthquake is
Ring of Fire
an area around the Pacific Ocean where many volcanic eruption…
30 terms
Earth Science -Earthquakes
The type of seismic waves that arrive…
Surface waves move
The ground movements caused by seismic…
Rocks on either side of the fault of a…
P Waves
slower...
seismograph
strike slip fault
The type of seismic waves that arrive…
P Waves
Surface waves move
slower...
18 terms
Earthquakes: Forces in Earth's Crust
Mercalli Scale
P-waves
Richter scale
S-waves
Developed to rate earthquakes according to the level of damag…
The first and fastest seismic waves that compress and expand…
A rating of an earthquake's magnitude based on the size of th…
Seismic waves that vibrate from side to side as well as up an…
Mercalli Scale
Developed to rate earthquakes according to the level of damag…
P-waves
The first and fastest seismic waves that compress and expand…
18 terms
Earthquakes: Forces in Earth's Crust
Mercalli scale
p waves
Richter scale
s waves
Developed to rate earthquakes according to the level of damag…
The first and fastest seismic waves that compress and expand…
A rating of an earthquake's magnitude based on the size of th…
Seismic waves that vibrate from side to side as well as up an…
Mercalli scale
Developed to rate earthquakes according to the level of damag…
p waves
The first and fastest seismic waves that compress and expand…
15 terms
11-Earth Science-Earthquakes
fault
earthquake
normal fault
reverse fault
surface along which rocks move when they pass their elastic l…
the vibrations produced by the breaking of rock
break in rock caused by tension forces, where rocks above the…
break in rock caused by compressive forces, where rock above…
fault
surface along which rocks move when they pass their elastic l…
earthquake
the vibrations produced by the breaking of rock
39 terms
Earth Science Earthquakes Test
father of modern geology
radioactive element
earthquake
lithosphere
James Hutton
Uranium
a violent skaing of the earth's crust
the solid outersection of the earth's crust which includes th…
father of modern geology
James Hutton
radioactive element
Uranium
Earth Science - Earthquakes
San Andreas Fault
United States Geological Survey (USGS)
Precursors
of all natural events, earthquakes
slip fault at a transform boundary
in charge of monitoring and predicting earthquakes to save li…
small events that lead up to a big event
kill most people
San Andreas Fault
slip fault at a transform boundary
United States Geological Survey (USGS)
in charge of monitoring and predicting earthquakes to save li…
22 terms
Extreme Earth Forces: Earthquakes and Volcanoes
Continental Drift
Core
Crust
Epicenter
a theory proposed in 1912 that says the continents once all f…
the deepest innermost layer of Earth
the outermost layer of Earth
The point on the surface of Earth where an earthquake is firs…
Continental Drift
a theory proposed in 1912 that says the continents once all f…
Core
the deepest innermost layer of Earth
13 terms
Earthquakes Holt,Earth, and Science
Focus
Elastic Rebound
Earthquake
Intensity
The location within Earth along a fault at wich the first mot…
The sudden return of elastically deformed rock to its underfo…
A movement of treamblig of the ground that is caused by a sud…
In Earth science, the amount of damage caused by an eartquake.
Focus
The location within Earth along a fault at wich the first mot…
Elastic Rebound
The sudden return of elastically deformed rock to its underfo…
25 terms
Earth Science ~ Earthquakes
weathering
erosion
uniformitarianism
abrasion
the process that breaks down rock and other substances at Ear…
The process by which wind, water, ice, or gravity transports…
is the idea that the geologic processes that operate today al…
The grinding away of rock by other rock particles carried in…
weathering
the process that breaks down rock and other substances at Ear…
erosion
The process by which wind, water, ice, or gravity transports…
29 terms
Earth Science - Earthquakes and Faults
hanging wall
footwall
fault
dip-slip fault
The block of rock that forms the upper half of a fault.
The block of rock that forms the lower half of a fault
A crack in the earth's crust resulting from the displacement…
A fault in which the movement is parallel to the dip of the f…
hanging wall
The block of rock that forms the upper half of a fault.
footwall
The block of rock that forms the lower half of a fault
9 terms
Earthquakes and Volcanos- Earth Science
fault
seismic waves
volcano
magnitude
A break in the earth's crust
vibrations that travel through Earth carrying the energy rele…
The violent shaking of Earth's crust.
Measure of the energy released during an earthquake
fault
A break in the earth's crust
seismic waves
vibrations that travel through Earth carrying the energy rele…
19 terms
Earth Science, Destructive Forces (Earthquakes, Tsunamis, Weathering&Erosion)
liquefaction
tsunami
Erosion
May 18, 1980
weakening of oversaturated soil caused by seismic waves
series of destructive ocean waves caused by vibrations in Ear…
a destructive force that breaks down existing landforms to cr…
Mount St. Helens erupted, Earthquakes preceding the eruption…
liquefaction
weakening of oversaturated soil caused by seismic waves
tsunami
series of destructive ocean waves caused by vibrations in Ear…
Earth Science - Volcanoes and Earthquakes
Reverse Fault
Transform Fault
Fault
Focus
The opposite of normal fault. If the HANGING WALL RISES relat…
A type of fault whose relative motion is predominately HORIZO…
A crack or fracture in the Earth's crust
The exact location where the crust moved causing an earthquake.
Reverse Fault
The opposite of normal fault. If the HANGING WALL RISES relat…
Transform Fault
A type of fault whose relative motion is predominately HORIZO…
Earth Science - Ch. 11: Earthquakes
fault
earthquake
normal fault
reverse fault
A break in the earth's crust
The shaking that results from the movement of rock beneath Ea…
rock above the fault surface moves downward in relation to ro…
rock above the fault moves upward in relation to the rock bel…
fault
A break in the earth's crust
earthquake
The shaking that results from the movement of rock beneath Ea…
Chapter 6 Earthquakes Earth Science
Aftershock
earthquake
fault zone
seismic gap
tremor that follows and is smaller than a major earthquake
vibration of the earth's crust
group of interconnected earthquakes
earthquake zone no activity
Aftershock
tremor that follows and is smaller than a major earthquake
earthquake
vibration of the earth's crust
32 terms
Earthquakes-Earth Science
earthquake
where do earthquakes occur
normal fault
normal stress
the violent shaking of earth's crust
earth's crust, at plate boundaries
the hanging wall moves down
forms from tensional stress
earthquake
the violent shaking of earth's crust
where do earthquakes occur
earth's crust, at plate boundaries
19 terms
Earthquakes - 6th Grade Earth Science
Earthquake
Seismic waves
Seismology
P waves
shaking and trembling that results from movement of rock below
Energy that is released from an earthquake
the study of earthquakes
Primary waves, fastest, moves parallel (think accordian)
Earthquake
shaking and trembling that results from movement of rock below
Seismic waves
Energy that is released from an earthquake
Earthquakes: Forces in Earth's Crust
stress
tension
compression
shearing
a force that acts on rock to change its shape or volume
stress that stretches rock so that it becomes thinner in the…
stress that squeezes rock until it folds or breaks
stress that pushes masses of rock in opposite directions, in…
stress
a force that acts on rock to change its shape or volume
tension
stress that stretches rock so that it becomes thinner in the…
10 terms
Earth Science Earthquakes and Faults
Antincline
Folds
Fault-Block Mountain
Reverse Fault
An upward arch or fold
a bend in rock that forms where part of Earth's crust is comp…
a mountain that forms where a normal fault uplifts a block of…
a fault in which the hanging wall moves up relative to the fo…
Antincline
An upward arch or fold
Folds
a bend in rock that forms where part of Earth's crust is comp…
19 terms
Earth Science Unit 2: Forces and Features of Earth - FEATURES OF EARTHQUAKES (Lesson 3 Info)
Earthquake Features
Folds
Types of Folds
Monoclines
Earthquakes can can great damage and significantly reshape th…
A fold is a bending of rock layers when surrounding layers of…
There are three types of folds: monoclines, anticlines, and s…
Monoclines are the simplest type of folds. The rock layers or…
Earthquake Features
Earthquakes can can great damage and significantly reshape th…
Folds
A fold is a bending of rock layers when surrounding layers of…
30 terms
Earth Science Volcanoes and earthquakes
Earthquake
seismograph
seismograms
focus
produced by the rapid release of energy.
an instrument used to record earthquakes.
the record made by the seismograph.
point within earth where the earthquake originates.
Earthquake
produced by the rapid release of energy.
seismograph
an instrument used to record earthquakes.
Earthquake Unit for Earth Science
Earthquake
Focus
Epicenter
Fault
Shaking and vibration at the surface of the earth resulting f…
The point beneath Earth's surface where rock breaks under str…
The location on Earth's surface directly above the focus, or…
(geology) a crack in the earth's crust resulting from the dis…
Earthquake
Shaking and vibration at the surface of the earth resulting f…
Focus
The point beneath Earth's surface where rock breaks under str…
Earth Science- Earthquakes
An ____ is a sudden movement or shakin…
Earthquakes are located at ____.
Earthquakes are caused by plate tecton…
Earthquakes result in breakage of Eart…
earthquake
plate boundaries
stresses
crust
An ____ is a sudden movement or shakin…
earthquake
Earthquakes are located at ____.
plate boundaries
23 terms
Earth Science-Earthquakes
Earthquake
focus
epicenter
fault
the vibration of Earth produced by the rapid release of energy
the point within Earth where an earthquake originates
the location on Earth's surface directly above the focus of a…
a fracture in Earth along which movement has occurred
Earthquake
the vibration of Earth produced by the rapid release of energy
focus
the point within Earth where an earthquake originates
11 terms
Earth science earthquakes
A natural rapid shaking of the lithosp…
The spot on the surface above an earth…
A primary earthquake wave is called a.…
A secondary earthquake wave is called…
Earthquake
Epicenter
P-wave
S-wave
A natural rapid shaking of the lithosp…
Earthquake
The spot on the surface above an earth…
Epicenter
Earth science earthquakes
Elastic rebound hypothesis
Seismograph
Seismogram
P wave
Earthquakes are produced by the rapid release of elastic ener…
The instruments used by seismologists to record movement
The product made from a seismograph
Arrives first, push-pull wave and moves through all phases of…
Elastic rebound hypothesis
Earthquakes are produced by the rapid release of elastic ener…
Seismograph
The instruments used by seismologists to record movement
26 terms
Earth Science Earthquakes Vocab
fault
elastic rebound hypothesis
aftershock
foreshock
a fracture in Earth along which movement has occurred
the explanation stating that when rocks are deformed, they br…
a small earthquake that follows the mais earthquake
a small earthquake that often precedes a major earthquake
fault
a fracture in Earth along which movement has occurred
elastic rebound hypothesis
the explanation stating that when rocks are deformed, they br…
46 terms
Earth Science-Earthquakes
stress
strain
fault
focus
The forces per unit area acting on a material.
The deformation of materials in response to stress.
A fracture or system of fractures, along which movement occur…
The point where an earthquake originates.
stress
The forces per unit area acting on a material.
strain
The deformation of materials in response to stress.
earth science earthquakes
earthquake
crust
fault
mantle
The shaking that results from the movement of rock beneath Ea…
Earth's outermost layer.
(geology) a crack in the earth's crust resulting from the dis…
A sheath of tissue that encloses the vital organs of a mollus…
earthquake
The shaking that results from the movement of rock beneath Ea…
crust
Earth's outermost layer.
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