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21 terms
Earth Science Chapter 2 Guide for Quiz 2016
Copernicus
Galileo
Kepler
Newton
First to propose the heliocentric theory
First person to use a telescope for astronomy. Supported the…
Christian mathematician who proposed the 3 laws of celestial…
Developed the Laws of Motion and the Law of Universal Gravita…
Copernicus
First to propose the heliocentric theory
Galileo
First person to use a telescope for astronomy. Supported the…
32 terms
Earth Science Study Guide
Geosphere, Hydrosphere, Atmosphere, Bi…
Water bottle sweats, when it rains, wa…
Can I identify Earth's 4 systems?
Can I come up with examples of Earth's water cycle
Geosphere, Hydrosphere, Atmosphere, Bi…
Can I identify Earth's 4 systems?
Water bottle sweats, when it rains, wa…
Can I come up with examples of Earth's water cycle
155 terms
earth science study guide
what are evidence of earth's spherical…
if the north star progressively gets h…
what is earth's shape caused by
what shape is the earth
earth's shadow on moon during eclipse, north star position at…
north
rotation
slightly flat at poles and bulging at equator
what are evidence of earth's spherical…
earth's shadow on moon during eclipse, north star position at…
if the north star progressively gets h…
north
34 terms
Earth Science Study Guide
heliocentric
geocentric
Kepler & celestial objects
ellipse
sun centered
earth centered
objects orbit in elipses
a path that resembles an oval, has 2 foci
heliocentric
sun centered
geocentric
earth centered
47 terms
Earth Science Study Guide
Geologist
What are the two main types of evidenc…
Direct evidence... (from rock samples)
Indirect evidence ... (from seismic waves)
A scientist who studies Earth's interior.
Direct evidence and Indirect evidence
Rocks drilled from deep inside Earth are used by geologists t…
Seismic waves produced by earthquakes allow geologists to mea…
Geologist
A scientist who studies Earth's interior.
What are the two main types of evidenc…
Direct evidence and Indirect evidence
22 terms
Earth Science Chapter 2 Test Guide
Rotate
Revolve
Geocentric Theory
Eccentric
To spin on an axis that passes through the center of an object
To circle around a point that does not lie within the object,…
The discredited theory of the arrangement of the solar system…
In circular motion, an off-center rotation. In orbital motion…
Rotate
To spin on an axis that passes through the center of an object
Revolve
To circle around a point that does not lie within the object,…
49 terms
8th Earth Science Sem. Guide
creation mandate
dominion theory
Gap theory
Big Bang Theory
the commandment to study and use the earth and its resources…
involves glorifying God and showing love to your neighbor
proposes that a great amount of time occurred between Genesis…
the important component is a theorectical, tiny, and dense vo…
creation mandate
the commandment to study and use the earth and its resources…
dominion theory
involves glorifying God and showing love to your neighbor
10 terms
Earth Science Chapter 4 Study Guide Quiz
Pressure
Plasma
Solar Flare
Milky Way
Total amount of force exerted over a standard area, such as s…
Superheated matter that is neither solid, liquid , or gas
Extremely violent eruption on the surface of the sun.
Galaxy that contains our solar system
Pressure
Total amount of force exerted over a standard area, such as s…
Plasma
Superheated matter that is neither solid, liquid , or gas
33 terms
Earth Science Chapter 4 Test Study Guide
Pressure:
Prominence:
Granule:
Solar flare:
Total amount of force exerted over a standard area, such as a…
Streams of material that rise and descend from the sun's coro…
Bumps on the sun's photosphere.
Extremely violent eruption on the surface of the sun. They ar…
Pressure:
Total amount of force exerted over a standard area, such as a…
Prominence:
Streams of material that rise and descend from the sun's coro…
35 terms
Earth Science Study Guide
Equator
Minerals
Luster
Streak
Imaginary line that circles Earth halfway between the North a…
Naturally occurring inorganic solid with a distinct chemical…
Property of a mineral that describes quality or appearance of…
Property of mineral that describes its color in powdered form
Equator
Imaginary line that circles Earth halfway between the North a…
Minerals
Naturally occurring inorganic solid with a distinct chemical…
30 terms
Earth Science Study Guide
crust
mantle
inner core
outer core
The outer layer of the Earth's surface
The middle layer of the Earth's surface.
Solid center of Earth
Layer of the Earth between the mantle and the inner core.
crust
The outer layer of the Earth's surface
mantle
The middle layer of the Earth's surface.
26 terms
Earth Science Study Guide :)
Spectroscope
Wavelength
Red Shift
Blue Shift
An apparatus for producing and recording spectra for examinat…
The distance between crests of a wave
Moves away from earth, on the left side of the spectrum (long…
Moving to earth, right side of the spectrum (shorter waveleng…
Spectroscope
An apparatus for producing and recording spectra for examinat…
Wavelength
The distance between crests of a wave
41 terms
Earth Science Study Guide
Layers of the earth and compostiion
Lithosphere
Asthenosphere
Magma
Core-pure steel... Outer core-liquid... Mantle-silly putty... Crust-mt…
Rigid layer of crust and upper mantle ... Broken up into seperat…
Putty-like where tectonic plates move
Rises and is less dense than solid rock around it... Hot fluid b…
Layers of the earth and compostiion
Core-pure steel... Outer core-liquid... Mantle-silly putty... Crust-mt…
Lithosphere
Rigid layer of crust and upper mantle ... Broken up into seperat…
88 terms
Earth Science Study Guide
Lithosphere
Hydrosphere
Atmosphere
Troposphere
The outer shell of the Earth consisting of the crust and uppe…
water in the earth system-gaseous (water vapor), solid (snow…
The gaseous envelope of air surrounding Earth, made up of a m…
The lowest layer of Earth's atmosphere characterized by decre…
Lithosphere
The outer shell of the Earth consisting of the crust and uppe…
Hydrosphere
water in the earth system-gaseous (water vapor), solid (snow…
43 terms
Earth Science Final Exam Study Guide
Air Pressure
Warm Front
Cold Front
Jet Stream
The measure of how much air is pressing on the earth.
Warm fronts generally move from the west to the east and the…
A cold front is defined as the transition zone where a cold a…
Jet streams are fast flowing, narrow air currents found in th…
Air Pressure
The measure of how much air is pressing on the earth.
Warm Front
Warm fronts generally move from the west to the east and the…
125 terms
Final exam earth science study guide
Atmosphere
Biosphere
Lithosphere
Hydrosphere
Layer of gases surrounding planets or other materials
Layer that includes all living things on Earth
Layer that includes all rock, soil, and solid earth that is f…
Layer that includes all water found on Earth
Atmosphere
Layer of gases surrounding planets or other materials
Biosphere
Layer that includes all living things on Earth
88 terms
Earth Science Study Guide
Lithosphere
Hydrosphere
Atmosphere
Troposphere
The outer shell of the Earth consisting of the crust and uppe…
water in the earth system-gaseous (water vapor), solid (snow…
The gaseous envelope of air surrounding Earth, made up of a m…
The lowest layer of Earth's atmosphere characterized by decre…
Lithosphere
The outer shell of the Earth consisting of the crust and uppe…
Hydrosphere
water in the earth system-gaseous (water vapor), solid (snow…
87 terms
Earth Science Regents Study Guide
Density
Density
Density
Density
The same substance always has the same________, no matter wha…
As pressure increases, __________ increases
As temperature increases, density decreases
Water expands when it freezes.
Density
The same substance always has the same________, no matter wha…
Density
As pressure increases, __________ increases
Earth Science Study Guide
Two main ways scientists learn about E…
What happens to the temperature from E…
What rock is the continental crust mai…
What rock is the oceanic crust mainly…
...
...
...
...
Two main ways scientists learn about E…
...
What happens to the temperature from E…
...
16 terms
Earth Science Study Guide
Meteorology
Geology
Astronomy
Oceanography
weather and climate
Earth processes
Universe
Oceans
Meteorology
weather and climate
Geology
Earth processes
9 terms
Earth Science study guide
Umbra
Penumbra
Axis
Orbit
the fully shaded inner shadow of the moon
partial shadow of the moon
An imaginary line which the Earth rotates on
The path of an object around another object
Umbra
the fully shaded inner shadow of the moon
Penumbra
partial shadow of the moon
8 terms
Earth Science Study Guide
Umbra
Penumbra
Axis
Orbit
The fully shaded inner shadow of the moon
Partial shadow of the moon
The imaginary line which the Earth rotates on
The path of an object around another object
Umbra
The fully shaded inner shadow of the moon
Penumbra
Partial shadow of the moon
Earth Science Study Guide
The principle of uniformitarianism
The Doctrine of castastrophism
Paleontology
Geologic Laws and Principles
-The state that processes occurring today have been occurring…
Made a real contribution to geology and the evolutionary theory
The studies of fossils
we assume that the oldest rocks are at the bottom and each la…
The principle of uniformitarianism
-The state that processes occurring today have been occurring…
The Doctrine of castastrophism
Made a real contribution to geology and the evolutionary theory
70 terms
Earth Science Study guide
Salinity
Seawater
Brackish
Abyssal Plain
A measure of the mass of dissolved solids in a mass of water
Water from a sea or ocean that has an average salinity of 35…
Water, or brack water, is freshwater mixed with seawater
Large, flat areas of the seafloor that extend across the deep…
Salinity
A measure of the mass of dissolved solids in a mass of water
Seawater
Water from a sea or ocean that has an average salinity of 35…
Earth Science Exam Study Guide
emphysema
withdrawal
pain
circulation
lung disease caused by smoking
physical and psychological symptoms
sad, no energy
rate of blood flow in through the body
emphysema
lung disease caused by smoking
withdrawal
physical and psychological symptoms
32 terms
Earth Science Study Guide
Crust
Mantle (lithosphere, asthenosphere)
Outer Core
Inner Core
Thin layer of rock
liquid, metal, magma
molten metal
Iron and Nickel
Crust
Thin layer of rock
Mantle (lithosphere, asthenosphere)
liquid, metal, magma
219 terms
Earth Science Guide
pele's hair
ash, cinders, and blocks are all types…
In 1902, a famous, deadly volcaniclast…
A fast-moving flow consisting of a mix…
fine threads of volcanic glass, formed when a spray of lava d…
volcaniclastic debris
martinique
lahar
pele's hair
fine threads of volcanic glass, formed when a spray of lava d…
ash, cinders, and blocks are all types…
volcaniclastic debris
8 terms
Earth Science Study Guide
Wind
Three examples of physical characteris…
Three examples of chemical characteris…
Soil forms from the weathering and ero…
Natural processes change the surface of the earth. Some chang…
Describe characteristics of the soil. Include both physical c…
Describe characteristics of the soil. Include both chemical c…
Describe characteristics of the soil. How can soil form?
Wind
Natural processes change the surface of the earth. Some chang…
Three examples of physical characteris…
Describe characteristics of the soil. Include both physical c…
25 terms
Earth science study guide
umbra
penumbra
axis
orbit
the fully shaded inner shadow of the moon
partial shadow of the moon
the imaginary line in which the earth rotates on
the path of an object around another object
umbra
the fully shaded inner shadow of the moon
penumbra
partial shadow of the moon
54 terms
Earth Science; study guide
The estimated age of the universe
Spiral galaxy
Elliptical galaxy
Irregular galaxies
14 billion years
The stars and gas clouds are concentrated mainly in one or mo…
Approximately ellipsoidal shape and a smooth, nearly pictures…
Contain large amounts of gas and dust; their stars are often…
The estimated age of the universe
14 billion years
Spiral galaxy
The stars and gas clouds are concentrated mainly in one or mo…
37 terms
Earth Science Study Guide
Contour Lines
Crust
Topographical Map
Erosion
Lines on a topographical map that indicate areas with the sam…
The thin, rocky outer layer of Earth that makes up the contin…
A map that shows the shape of surface features and their elev…
Destructive force, in which pieces of rock are moved by water…
Contour Lines
Lines on a topographical map that indicate areas with the sam…
Crust
The thin, rocky outer layer of Earth that makes up the contin…
53 terms
Earth Science Study Guide
1. Evaporation... 2. Precipitation... 3. Coo…
Atoms in an orderly, repeating pattern
Clay ⟶ Silt ⟶ Sand ⟶ Pebbles
Feldspar
What are the three ways minerals can form?
Crystals are solid materials with _________.
What are the grain sizes in order from least to greatest?... (co…
Which mineral can scratch glass?
1. Evaporation... 2. Precipitation... 3. Coo…
What are the three ways minerals can form?
Atoms in an orderly, repeating pattern
Crystals are solid materials with _________.
21 terms
Earth Science Study Guide
Naturally-Occurring
Inorganic
Solid
Crystal Structure
cannot be manmade
not composed of the remains of living things
not liquid or gas
atoms are arranged in a pattern
Naturally-Occurring
cannot be manmade
Inorganic
not composed of the remains of living things
75 terms
Earth Science Study Guide
List the 4 primary layers of the atmos…
Define Troposphere.
Define Stratosphere.
Define Mesosphere.
1. Troposphere ... 2. Stratosphere ... 3. Mesosphere... 4. Thermospher…
The first layer of the atmosphere. This part of the atmospher…
The second layer of the atmosphere that contains the ozone la…
The middle layer of the atmosphere. In the outer mesosphere,…
List the 4 primary layers of the atmos…
1. Troposphere ... 2. Stratosphere ... 3. Mesosphere... 4. Thermospher…
Define Troposphere.
The first layer of the atmosphere. This part of the atmospher…
16 terms
Earth science ( study guide)
S-N-I-D-C
Silicate minerals
non silicate minerals
Luster
S- solid (it can not be a liquid or gas)... N-naturally occurrin…
90% of the earth's crust
10% of the earth's crust
the way in which a mineral reflects light
S-N-I-D-C
S- solid (it can not be a liquid or gas)... N-naturally occurrin…
Silicate minerals
90% of the earth's crust
11 terms
Earth Science Study Guide
Topographic Map
Contour lines
Contour Interval
Depression Contours
Shows changes in elevation of the earths surface.
An isoline that connects points of equal elevation.
The difference in elevation between 2 side by side contour li…
Used to show areas that are lower in elevation than surroundi…
Topographic Map
Shows changes in elevation of the earths surface.
Contour lines
An isoline that connects points of equal elevation.
75 terms
Earth Science Study Guide
mineral
ore
aluminum
carat
a naturally occurring, inorganic, crystalline solid that has…
the rocks that contain certain valuable minerals
the most common metal worth more per ounce than gold before s…
a unit of mass
mineral
a naturally occurring, inorganic, crystalline solid that has…
ore
the rocks that contain certain valuable minerals
28 terms
Earth Science Study Guide
umbra
penumbra
axis
orbit
the fully shaded inner shadow of the moon
partial shadow of the moon
the imaginary line in which the earth rotates on
the path of an object around another object
umbra
the fully shaded inner shadow of the moon
penumbra
partial shadow of the moon
12 terms
earth science study guide
grouping 1
grouping 2
4 laws governing radiation
grouping 3
convection, heat, conduction, temperature
wavelength, visible light, infrared radiation, ultraviolet rays
Kirchhoff's law, Planck's law, Stefan-Boltzmann law, and Wien…
reflection, absorption, scattering, albedo
grouping 1
convection, heat, conduction, temperature
grouping 2
wavelength, visible light, infrared radiation, ultraviolet rays
118 terms
Earth Science Exam Study Guide
Continental Drift
Pangaea
Sonar
Trench
The hypothesis that states that the continents once formed a…
A hypothetical continent including all the landmass of the ea…
Sound navigation and ranging.
A deep ridge in Earth that can travel for miles.
Continental Drift
The hypothesis that states that the continents once formed a…
Pangaea
A hypothetical continent including all the landmass of the ea…
47 terms
Earth Science Review Guide
Geologic Time Scale
Eon
Era
Period
Record of Earth's history from its orgin 4.6 billion years ago.
Longest unit of time (measured in billions of years)
Second longest unit of time (measured in hundreds of million-…
Determined by life forms that were here or went extinct durin…
Geologic Time Scale
Record of Earth's history from its orgin 4.6 billion years ago.
Eon
Longest unit of time (measured in billions of years)
6 terms
earth science study guide
lava flow... pyroclastic debris... volcanic…
lava flow
pyroclastic debris
volcanic gases
products of volcanic eruptions
molten rock that moves over the ground
fragments blown out of volcano
expelled vapor and aerosols
lava flow... pyroclastic debris... volcanic…
products of volcanic eruptions
lava flow
molten rock that moves over the ground
55 terms
earth science study guide
define the terms rotation and revolution
why can the moon appear as big as the…
why do shadows change during the day?
explain why shadows change throughout…
rotation: to turn about on axis, or center / point of object…
the moon is closer, yet smaller, but the sun is bigger, and m…
they change because of the suns position in the sky
the sun is getting either lower or higher in the sky, dependi…
define the terms rotation and revolution
rotation: to turn about on axis, or center / point of object…
why can the moon appear as big as the…
the moon is closer, yet smaller, but the sun is bigger, and m…
136 terms
Earth science study guide
Sedimentary rocks
Metamorphic rocks
Magma
Igneous rocks
Sediments that are deposited, buried and are compacted togeth…
Heat and pressure creates this type of rock
Melting of a rock creates this
Solidification of magma creates this
Sedimentary rocks
Sediments that are deposited, buried and are compacted togeth…
Metamorphic rocks
Heat and pressure creates this type of rock
9 terms
Earth Science Study Guide
Crust
Mantle
Core
INNER CORE--- OUTER CORE
The thin most outer layer of the earth- The Layer we walk on
Moleton rock on which plates float----Contains 67./' of earth…
The most inner core of the earth. made of both solid and liqu…
the inner core is made of solid metals the outer core is of l…
Crust
The thin most outer layer of the earth- The Layer we walk on
Mantle
Moleton rock on which plates float----Contains 67./' of earth…
45 terms
Earth Science Study Guide
The Earth's crust is broken up into la…
What are Earth's 5 physical layers?
What are Earth's 3 compositional layers?
Which layer of the earth is most dense?
Tectonic Plates
Lithosphere - crust, very top of mantle... Asthenosphere - uppe…
Crust, Mantle, Core
Inner Core
The Earth's crust is broken up into la…
Tectonic Plates
What are Earth's 5 physical layers?
Lithosphere - crust, very top of mantle... Asthenosphere - uppe…
26 terms
Earth Science Study Guide
What is a Volcano?
Volcanoes are made of ________________…
Compare magma and lava
Contrast magma and lava
A depositional mountain landform built from solidifed magma f…
Igneous
They both molten rocks
Magma-is molten rock underneath the volcano Lava-is magma tha…
What is a Volcano?
A depositional mountain landform built from solidifed magma f…
Volcanoes are made of ________________…
Igneous
16 terms
earth science guided reading
earth materials
mineral
crystal structure
physical properties
solid nature materials that come from the Earth soil, snad, g…
A solid inorganic substance of natural occurrence.
the total three-dimensional arrangement of particles of a cry…
A characteristic of a pure substance that can be observed wit…
earth materials
solid nature materials that come from the Earth soil, snad, g…
mineral
A solid inorganic substance of natural occurrence.
29 terms
Earth science exam guide
Peterologist
Igneous rocks
Sedimentary rocks
Metamorphic rocks
Have block grounded into main groups
formed when magma cools beneath Earth's surface or when lava…
Form from the compaction and cementation of various sediments
These rocks form heat , great pleasure and the chemical react…
Peterologist
Have block grounded into main groups
Igneous rocks
formed when magma cools beneath Earth's surface or when lava…
15 terms
earth science guided reading
principle of original horizontality
strata
folded
faulted
layers of sediment are generally deposited in a horizontal po…
Horizontal layers of sediment
rock layers are folded like a rug
Rock layers that are offset or displaced along a type of crac…
principle of original horizontality
layers of sediment are generally deposited in a horizontal po…
strata
Horizontal layers of sediment
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