Study sets matching "earth science guide"

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Study sets matching "earth science guide"

Earth Science Study Guide
mineral
ore
aluminum
carat
a naturally occurring, inorganic, crystalline solid that has…
the rocks that contain certain valuable minerals
the most common metal worth more per ounce than gold before s…
a unit of mass
mineral
a naturally occurring, inorganic, crystalline solid that has…
ore
the rocks that contain certain valuable minerals
Earth Science Study Guide
Umbra
penumbra
Axis
Orbit
offense; annoyance; displeasure; the slightest indication or…
partial shadow (in an eclipse
A horizontal or vertical line drawn on a graph to define poin…
The path of an object as it revolves around another object in…
Umbra
offense; annoyance; displeasure; the slightest indication or…
penumbra
partial shadow (in an eclipse
11 terms
Science Earth Study Guide
Sea-floor spreading
Sonar
Deep ocean trench
Subduction
A process that adds new material to the sea floor
A device that bounces sound waves off other objects to map th…
A deep underwater canyon where subduction occurs
Ocean floor sinking beneath a deep ocean trench
Sea-floor spreading
A process that adds new material to the sea floor
Sonar
A device that bounces sound waves off other objects to map th…
28 terms
Earth Science Study Guide
umbra
penumbra
axis
orbit
the fully shaded inner shadow of the moon
partial shadow of the moon
the imaginary line in which the earth rotates on
the path of an object around another object
umbra
the fully shaded inner shadow of the moon
penumbra
partial shadow of the moon
219 terms
Earth Science Guide
pele's hair
ash, cinders, and blocks are all types…
In 1902, a famous, deadly volcaniclast…
A fast-moving flow consisting of a mix…
fine threads of volcanic glass, formed when a spray of lava d…
volcaniclastic debris
martinique
lahar
pele's hair
fine threads of volcanic glass, formed when a spray of lava d…
ash, cinders, and blocks are all types…
volcaniclastic debris
10 terms
Earth Science Chapter 4 Study Guide Quiz
Pressure
Plasma
Solar Flare
Milky Way
Total amount of force exerted over a standard area, such as s…
Superheated matter that is neither solid, liquid , or gas
Extremely violent eruption on the surface of the sun.
Galaxy that contains our solar system
Pressure
Total amount of force exerted over a standard area, such as s…
Plasma
Superheated matter that is neither solid, liquid , or gas
Earth Science Study Guide
nebular theory
fusion
geocentric
Ptolemy
most popular theory regarding the creation of the solar syste…
the collisions of planetesimals to create the planets that ev…
the belief popularized that stated the earth was the center o…
who believed that the earth was geocentric?
nebular theory
most popular theory regarding the creation of the solar syste…
fusion
the collisions of planetesimals to create the planets that ev…
41 terms
Earth science study guide
What is a rock?
What are rocks made of?
Whats the difference between intrusive…
What are the major components of soil?
A rock is a mass of grouped minerals
Rocks are made of elements found in minerals
The difference between intrusive and extrusive rocks is that…
The major components of soil are :... Minerals ... Organic matter…
What is a rock?
A rock is a mass of grouped minerals
What are rocks made of?
Rocks are made of elements found in minerals
Earth Science Study Guide
Crust
Mantle
Core
INNER CORE--- OUTER CORE
The thin most outer layer of the earth- The Layer we walk on
Moleton rock on which plates float----Contains 67./' of earth…
The most inner core of the earth. made of both solid and liqu…
the inner core is made of solid metals the outer core is of l…
Crust
The thin most outer layer of the earth- The Layer we walk on
Mantle
Moleton rock on which plates float----Contains 67./' of earth…
Earth Science Study Guide
List features of Sedimentary Rock.
How does an Igneous Rock with large cr…
Heat and pressure are two processes th…
List the three classes of Sedimentary…
Fossil Layers, Stratification, Fication, and Cross beds
If the magma slowly cools and hardens it forms larger crystal…
Metamorphic Rock
Clastic, Chemical, and Organic.
List features of Sedimentary Rock.
Fossil Layers, Stratification, Fication, and Cross beds
How does an Igneous Rock with large cr…
If the magma slowly cools and hardens it forms larger crystal…
32 terms
EARTH SCIENCE CH 8 STUDY GUIDE
According to Figure 8-1, what is the d…
According to Figure 8-1, when will the…
According to Figure 8-1, at what time…
What can we use the travel-time graph,…
1500 - 700 = 800 miles
5 min
13 min
an earthquake's epicenter
According to Figure 8-1, what is the d…
1500 - 700 = 800 miles
According to Figure 8-1, when will the…
5 min
45 terms
Earth Science Study Guide
The Earth's crust is broken up into la…
What are Earth's 5 physical layers?
What are Earth's 3 compositional layers?
Which layer of the earth is most dense?
Tectonic Plates
Lithosphere - crust, very top of mantle... Asthenosphere - uppe…
Crust, Mantle, Core
Inner Core
The Earth's crust is broken up into la…
Tectonic Plates
What are Earth's 5 physical layers?
Lithosphere - crust, very top of mantle... Asthenosphere - uppe…
17 terms
Earth Science Study Guide
Inertia and gravity
Cause of a Rotation and the time
Cause of a Revolution and the time
Cause of day and night
They keep the planets in orbit gravity pulls the planets inwa…
Earth spinning on its axis and 24 hrs.
Earth orbiting/ circling around the sun and 365 days
Earth spinning on its axis
Inertia and gravity
They keep the planets in orbit gravity pulls the planets inwa…
Cause of a Rotation and the time
Earth spinning on its axis and 24 hrs.
31 terms
Earth science study guide
Crust
Mantle
Core
Inner core
Top layer, made of rocks and soil
Middle layer
Has two parts
Middle
Crust
Top layer, made of rocks and soil
Mantle
Middle layer
23 terms
Earth Science Study Guide
Crust
Mantle
Moho Region
Outer Core
The Outermost layer of the planet composed igneous, metamorph…
The mantle is the thick layer of hot, solid and semi-solid ro…
The boundary between the crust and the mantle. Short for the…
The outer core of the Earth is a fluid layer about 2,300 km (…
Crust
The Outermost layer of the planet composed igneous, metamorph…
Mantle
The mantle is the thick layer of hot, solid and semi-solid ro…
27 terms
Earth Science Chapter 3 Test Study Guide
Constellation
Nova
Supernova
Nebulae
An imagined pattern in a group of stars
A star which explodes and increases up to ten magnitudes in b…
Start that increases brightness by 20 magnitudes in an explos…
Clouds of gas and dust in space
Constellation
An imagined pattern in a group of stars
Nova
A star which explodes and increases up to ten magnitudes in b…
Science Study guide: Earth Science
Where did the term "planet" originate…
draw and label the nine planet from th…
What shape do the planetary orbits mak…
List Kepler's three laws of planetary…
Greek... "wanderer"
Elliptical
-one foci with the sun ... -line in center of sun that sweeps ov…
Where did the term "planet" originate…
Greek... "wanderer"
draw and label the nine planet from th…
24 terms
Earth and Environmental Science- Quiz Guide
River Basin Vs. Watershed
Importance of Watersheds and River Bas…
Aquifer
Unconfined Aquifer
-both is an area of land that drains all streams and rainfall…
-Watershed consists of surface water- lakes, streams, reservo…
-The area underground permeable layers where most groundwater…
-Water-table aquifers are unconfined, unprotected, and easily…
River Basin Vs. Watershed
-both is an area of land that drains all streams and rainfall…
Importance of Watersheds and River Bas…
-Watershed consists of surface water- lakes, streams, reservo…
18 terms
Earth Science Study Guide
What was the name of the super-contine…
About how long ago did the super-conti…
Describe the theory of continental dri…
Who came up with the theory of contine…
Pangea
200 million
The continents had been joined to form a super continent and…
Alfred Wegener
What was the name of the super-contine…
Pangea
About how long ago did the super-conti…
200 million
48 terms
Earth Science Study Guide
Atom
Parts and charges of the atom
Periodic Table
Elements
the basic unit of a chemical element
...
...
pure substance composed of only one type of atom; cannot be b…
Atom
the basic unit of a chemical element
Parts and charges of the atom
...
40 terms
Earth science study guide
Geology
LxWxH
Yes, 1 ML=1 cm to the power of 3
How does the the replacement of large…
The branch of science that deals with the earths history and…
Can a metric ruler be used to find the volume of a regular so…
Can meters be used to measure the volume of a liquid?
Creates Heat Islands that raise the temperature in the area.
Geology
The branch of science that deals with the earths history and…
LxWxH
Can a metric ruler be used to find the volume of a regular so…
37 terms
Earth Science Study Guide
Crust
Mantle
Core
Lithosphere
The thin, solid, outermost zone of Earth
The layer that underlies the crust, is denser than the crust
The center sphere that is mainly composed of iron and nickel.
The uppermost part of the mantle which is 15 to 300 km thick.
Crust
The thin, solid, outermost zone of Earth
Mantle
The layer that underlies the crust, is denser than the crust
Earth science study guide
The outer core is responsible for what…
Lithospere
Asthenospere
Oceanic plates
Magnetic feild
Crust, upper mantle, broken into plates
Taffy- like layers of mantle,has convection cerrents
Thinne, colder, more dense
The outer core is responsible for what…
Magnetic feild
Lithospere
Crust, upper mantle, broken into plates
Earth Science Study Guide
Event
frame of reference
Time Scale
Independent Variable
A collection of one or more outcomes of an experiment
A system for specifying the precise location of objects in sp…
the time allowed for or taken by a process or sequence of eve…
The experimental factor that is manipulated; the variable who…
Event
A collection of one or more outcomes of an experiment
frame of reference
A system for specifying the precise location of objects in sp…
Earth Science study guide
Observation vs. Inference
Direct observations are made with your…
Indirect observations are made with in…
Energy is...
A record of what you see vs. An interpretation of what you ob…
Touch, smell, sight, sound, and taste
Ex. Ruler, thermometer
The ability to do work or transfer heat
Observation vs. Inference
A record of what you see vs. An interpretation of what you ob…
Direct observations are made with your…
Touch, smell, sight, sound, and taste
128 terms
Study Guide for Earth Science
What is a rock? What are they made of?
What are 3 different types of rocks?
How does an igneous rock form?
How does a sedimentary rock form?
A hard substance composed of one or more minerals
Igneous, sedimentary, metamorphic
Crystallization of magma
Cementation and compactation of sediments
What is a rock? What are they made of?
A hard substance composed of one or more minerals
What are 3 different types of rocks?
Igneous, sedimentary, metamorphic
20 terms
Earth Science Study Guide
High pressure outweighs high temperature
Ozone absorbs solar radiation, breaks,…
Troposphere, Stratosphere, Mesosphere,…
High temperature outweighs high pressure
Why is the inner core solid?
How does ozone reflect back solar radiation?
Name the layers of the atmosphere.
Why is the outer core liquid?
High pressure outweighs high temperature
Why is the inner core solid?
Ozone absorbs solar radiation, breaks,…
How does ozone reflect back solar radiation?
19 terms
Earth Science Study Guide
A geologist who studies fossils is cal…
A geologist who studies earthquakes is…
A (n) _______________ is a possible an…
A (n) _______________ us any use of th…
Paleontologist
Seismologist
Hypotheses
Observation
A geologist who studies fossils is cal…
Paleontologist
A geologist who studies earthquakes is…
Seismologist
14 terms
Earth Science Study Guide
Latitude
Longitude
Globe
Mercator
Run east to west... Northern and Southern Hemisphere.... Do not ext…
Run north to south.... Based on earths rotation -15 degrees per…
Best representation of the earth.
Find locations easily. Used by ships and planes.
Latitude
Run east to west... Northern and Southern Hemisphere.... Do not ext…
Longitude
Run north to south.... Based on earths rotation -15 degrees per…
184 terms
Earth Science Final Study Guide
variable
Hypothesis
Grams
Liters
In the scientific method what is the item that changes or is…
In the scientific method what is an educated guess
What are the units used for mass in the metric system
What are the units used for liters in the metric system
variable
In the scientific method what is the item that changes or is…
Hypothesis
In the scientific method what is an educated guess
78 terms
Earth Science Study Guide
Environmental science
oceanagraphy
geology
meteorology
the study of interactions of organisms and their surroundings
the study of earths oceans
the study of materials that make up the earth
the study of processes and forces that produce weather
Environmental science
the study of interactions of organisms and their surroundings
oceanagraphy
the study of earths oceans
75 terms
Earth Science Study Guide
mineral
ore
aluminum
carat
a naturally occurring, inorganic, crystalline solid that has…
the rocks that contain certain valuable minerals
the most common metal worth more per ounce than gold before s…
a unit of mass
mineral
a naturally occurring, inorganic, crystalline solid that has…
ore
the rocks that contain certain valuable minerals
6 terms
Earth Science study guide
volcanoes
weathering
erosion
Glaciers
build up the earth's crust as lava cools and hardens. Pressur…
wind, plants, freezing, and water wear down and break down ro…
wind or moving water picks up earth materials in its path, th…
masses of slowly moving ice and snow that pick up sand and ro…
volcanoes
build up the earth's crust as lava cools and hardens. Pressur…
weathering
wind, plants, freezing, and water wear down and break down ro…
18 terms
Earth science study guide
Earth science
Geology
Astronomy
Meteorology
Any of the sciences that deal with the earth
The study of the rocks, process and the history of the earth
The scientific study of the stars, the planets and other obje…
The science of dealing with the atmosphere and it's phenomena…
Earth science
Any of the sciences that deal with the earth
Geology
The study of the rocks, process and the history of the earth
19 terms
earth science study guide
umbra
penumbra
axis
orbit
the fully shaded inner shadow of the moon
partial shadow of the moon
the imaginary line in which the earth rotates on
the path of an object around another object
umbra
the fully shaded inner shadow of the moon
penumbra
partial shadow of the moon
Earth Science Study Guide
Changes of State
5 Steps to adiabatic cooling
2 Types of nuclei and what they cause
Clouds
condensation - gas to liquid... freezing - liquid to sold ... subli…
air mass moves up ... air mass expands ... humid air takes up more…
freezing nuclei and condensation nuclei ... condensation- water…
high levels - cirrocumulus, cirrostratus, cirrus ... middle leve…
Changes of State
condensation - gas to liquid... freezing - liquid to sold ... subli…
5 Steps to adiabatic cooling
air mass moves up ... air mass expands ... humid air takes up more…
19 terms
Earth science study guide
Science
Technology
Independent Variable
Dependent Variable
When you gain knowledge
Applying he knoeledg
scientists chooses
measured outcome
Science
When you gain knowledge
Technology
Applying he knoeledg
54 terms
Earth Science; study guide
The estimated age of the universe
Spiral galaxy
Elliptical galaxy
Irregular galaxies
14 billion years
The stars and gas clouds are concentrated mainly in one or mo…
Approximately ellipsoidal shape and a smooth, nearly pictures…
Contain large amounts of gas and dust; their stars are often…
The estimated age of the universe
14 billion years
Spiral galaxy
The stars and gas clouds are concentrated mainly in one or mo…
28 terms
Earth Science Study Guide
What is superposition?
What is continental drift?
What evidence supports the theory of c…
What is relative dating?
A principle that states that younger rocks lie above older ro…
The theory that continents can drift apart from one another,…
1. The continents fit together like a puzzle. ... 2. The same pl…
Determining whether an object or event is younger than other…
What is superposition?
A principle that states that younger rocks lie above older ro…
What is continental drift?
The theory that continents can drift apart from one another,…
101 terms
Earth Science Study Guide
rock
mineral
what 2 elements make up the majority o…
what type of rock is coal
hard substance composed of one or more minerals`
naturally occurring, inorganic solid that has a definite comp…
oxygen and silicon
sedimentary
rock
hard substance composed of one or more minerals`
mineral
naturally occurring, inorganic solid that has a definite comp…
15 terms
Earth Science Study Guide
Athenosphere
Lithosphere
Subduction
Epicenter
The deforming region of the upper mantle of the Earth
The rigid part of the earth, consisting of the crust and uppe…
The sideways and downward movement of the edge of a plate of…
The point on the earth's surface vertically above the focus o…
Athenosphere
The deforming region of the upper mantle of the Earth
Lithosphere
The rigid part of the earth, consisting of the crust and uppe…
20 terms
Science Earth Study Guide
The mantle is within the earth while t…
The crust and the rigid part of the ma…
-Earth's outer rocky surface... -thinnest…
The outer core is liquid and the inner…
Compare the position of the mantle to the position of the con…
What two layers of Earth make up the lithosphere?
Define crust.
How does earth's inner core compare to its outer core?
The mantle is within the earth while t…
Compare the position of the mantle to the position of the con…
The crust and the rigid part of the ma…
What two layers of Earth make up the lithosphere?
EARTH SCIENCE STUDY GUIDE
hot spot
oceanic crust
plate boundaries
mid-ocean ridges
the area where hot magma rises from the earth's interior
the portion of earth's crust that lies below the oceans - mor…
specific areas on the earths crust where two or more tectonic…
divergent tectonic plate boundaries located on the ocean floo…
hot spot
the area where hot magma rises from the earth's interior
oceanic crust
the portion of earth's crust that lies below the oceans - mor…
15 terms
Earth science study guide
Nuclear fussion begins to turn hydroge…
Hottest - blue... Coolest - red
Blue star
Quasars are some of the most distant o…
What happens during the process of nuclear fussion?
Which star is the hottest? Coolest?
Which star use up their fuel the fastest?
What is a quasar and what is it a window into?
Nuclear fussion begins to turn hydroge…
What happens during the process of nuclear fussion?
Hottest - blue... Coolest - red
Which star is the hottest? Coolest?
20 terms
Earth Science Study Guide
solidification
heat and/or pressure
cementation and compaction
recrystallization
igneous rock
metamorphic rock
sedimentary rock
metamorphic rock
solidification
igneous rock
heat and/or pressure
metamorphic rock
22 terms
Earth science study guide
landform
weathering
erosion
deposition
A physical feature of Earth's surface
the process of breaking rock into soil, sand, or other tiny p…
the process of moving sediment from one place to another--win…
the process of dropping, or depositing, sediment in a new loc…
landform
A physical feature of Earth's surface
weathering
the process of breaking rock into soil, sand, or other tiny p…
Earth Science Study guide
rapid
Slow
erosion
weathering
processes that have changed the earth's surface are:volcanic…
processes that have changed the earth's surface are: glaciers…
the process of moving sediment from one place to another
the process of breaking rock into soil, sand, and other tiny…
rapid
processes that have changed the earth's surface are:volcanic…
Slow
processes that have changed the earth's surface are: glaciers…
15 terms
Earth Science Study Guide
Constructive
Destructive
Natural processes that can affect Eart…
Weathering
Processes that create landforms (deposition, landslides, volc…
Processes that destroy landforms (weathering, erosion, landsl…
Weathering, erosion, deposition, landslides, volcanic eruptio…
used to describe processes that break down rocks at or near t…
Constructive
Processes that create landforms (deposition, landslides, volc…
Destructive
Processes that destroy landforms (weathering, erosion, landsl…
78 terms
earth science study guide
meterologist
computers, cars, and medical equipment
revise their working hypothesis
form a hypothesis, ask questions, and…
study the atmospheric conditions that produce weather
what has space exploration technology improved
what happens if experimental results do not match their predi…
what are the parts of the scientific method
meterologist
study the atmospheric conditions that produce weather
computers, cars, and medical equipment
what has space exploration technology improved
20 terms
Earth science study guide
constellation
binary star
light -years
apparent magnitude
is a specific area of the celestial sphere as defined by the…
is a star system consisting of two stars orbiting around thei…
a unit of astronomical distance equivalent to the distance th…
of a celestial object is a measure of its brightness as seen…
constellation
is a specific area of the celestial sphere as defined by the…
binary star
is a star system consisting of two stars orbiting around thei…
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