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Study sets matching "earth science guide"

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Study sets matching "earth science guide"

15 terms
earth science guided reading
principle of original horizontality
strata
folded
faulted
layers of sediment are generally deposited in a horizontal po…
Horizontal layers of sediment
rock layers are folded like a rug
Rock layers that are offset or displaced along a type of crac…
principle of original horizontality
layers of sediment are generally deposited in a horizontal po…
strata
Horizontal layers of sediment
20 terms
Earth Science Test Guide
Rock
Monomineralic
Polymineralic
Igneous
is a hard material made of one or more minerals
a rock that can be made of only one mineral
a mixture of many minerals
formed by the cooling and solidification of molten rock(magma)
Rock
is a hard material made of one or more minerals
Monomineralic
a rock that can be made of only one mineral
38 terms
Earth science study guide
Earthquakes
Focus
Epicenter
Seismology
sudden movements of Earth's crust followed by a series of sho…
Point at the depth where the rocks ruptured to produce earthq…
Point on Earth's surface directly above an earthquake's focus
The study of earthquakes
Earthquakes
sudden movements of Earth's crust followed by a series of sho…
Focus
Point at the depth where the rocks ruptured to produce earthq…
20 terms
Earth Science Test Guide
Air Pressure
Atmosphere
Convection
Conduction
Weight of the air. Air pressure causes water pressure, heavie…
Like a blanket, the atmosphere contains the amount of heat ne…
The reason wind blows because of the uneven heating of the ea…
Transfer of heat through direct contact .
Air Pressure
Weight of the air. Air pressure causes water pressure, heavie…
Atmosphere
Like a blanket, the atmosphere contains the amount of heat ne…
45 terms
Earth Science Study Guide
compression, tension, shearing
compression
tension
shearing
What are the three types of stress?
forces squeeze rock together until it folds or faults togethe…
forces pull rock apart so it stretches or fault apart or so o…
forces push rock and faults in opposite directions
compression, tension, shearing
What are the three types of stress?
compression
forces squeeze rock together until it folds or faults togethe…
128 terms
Study Guide for Earth Science
What is a rock? What are they made of?
What are 3 different types of rocks?
How does an igneous rock form?
How does a sedimentary rock form?
A hard substance composed of one or more minerals
Igneous, sedimentary, metamorphic
Crystallization of magma
Cementation and compactation of sediments
What is a rock? What are they made of?
A hard substance composed of one or more minerals
What are 3 different types of rocks?
Igneous, sedimentary, metamorphic
24 terms
Earth Science Study Guide
Oceanic v. Oceanic Convergent
Oceanic v. Continental Convergent
Continental v. Continental Convergence
Divergent
-Oceanic trench... -Volcanic island chain... -Zone of progressively…
-Continental Arc--Line of volcanoes... -Trench
-Mountain range... -Shortening and thickening of plates
-Rift valley... -Shallow earthquake activity... -Long linear lake
Oceanic v. Oceanic Convergent
-Oceanic trench... -Volcanic island chain... -Zone of progressively…
Oceanic v. Continental Convergent
-Continental Arc--Line of volcanoes... -Trench
26 terms
earth science study guide
properties of air
composition of earths atmosphere
why nitrogen is important to earth
why oxygen is important to earth
- affected by heat... - takes up space... - has mass... - exerts press…
78% nitrogen... 21% oxygen... 1% argon, carbon dioxide, water vapor…
proteins and dilutes oxygen
respiration and combustion
properties of air
- affected by heat... - takes up space... - has mass... - exerts press…
composition of earths atmosphere
78% nitrogen... 21% oxygen... 1% argon, carbon dioxide, water vapor…
11 terms
Science Earth Study Guide
Sea-floor spreading
Sonar
Deep ocean trench
Subduction
A process that adds new material to the sea floor
A device that bounces sound waves off other objects to map th…
A deep underwater canyon where subduction occurs
Ocean floor sinking beneath a deep ocean trench
Sea-floor spreading
A process that adds new material to the sea floor
Sonar
A device that bounces sound waves off other objects to map th…
28 terms
Earth Science Study Guide
What is superposition?
What is continental drift?
What evidence supports the theory of c…
What is relative dating?
A principle that states that younger rocks lie above older ro…
The theory that continents can drift apart from one another,…
1. The continents fit together like a puzzle. ... 2. The same pl…
Determining whether an object or event is younger than other…
What is superposition?
A principle that states that younger rocks lie above older ro…
What is continental drift?
The theory that continents can drift apart from one another,…
19 terms
Science Study Guide - Earth
What are the Earth has three layers ?
Why is the outer layer (crust) is the…
What is the core divided into ?
What is the crust made of ?
the crust, the mantle and the core
because we live on it
outer core and the inner core
It is a solid, is made mostly of sand and is the thinnest lay…
What are the Earth has three layers ?
the crust, the mantle and the core
Why is the outer layer (crust) is the…
because we live on it
33 terms
Science Study guide: Earth Science
Where did the term "planet" originate…
draw and label the nine planet from th…
What shape do the planetary orbits mak…
List Kepler's three laws of planetary…
Greek... "wanderer"
Elliptical
-one foci with the sun ... -line in center of sun that sweeps ov…
Where did the term "planet" originate…
Greek... "wanderer"
draw and label the nine planet from th…
Earth Science Study Guide
Umbra
penumbra
Axis
Orbit
offense; annoyance; displeasure; the slightest indication or…
partial shadow (in an eclipse
A horizontal or vertical line drawn on a graph to define poin…
The path of an object as it revolves around another object in…
Umbra
offense; annoyance; displeasure; the slightest indication or…
penumbra
partial shadow (in an eclipse
24 terms
Earth Science Study Guide
Two main ways scientists learn about E…
What happens to the temperature from E…
What rock is the continental crust mai…
What rock is the oceanic crust mainly…
rock samples and seismic waves
colder then warmer
granite
basalt
Two main ways scientists learn about E…
rock samples and seismic waves
What happens to the temperature from E…
colder then warmer
51 terms
Earth Science Guided Notes
How are igneous rocks formed?
What's the difference between magma an…
In order to determine what type of ign…
Felsic is made from what type of miner…
through cooling and solidification of magma.
Magma: Interior... Lava: Exterior
Where it was formed and what materials make it up.
lightly colored minerals
How are igneous rocks formed?
through cooling and solidification of magma.
What's the difference between magma an…
Magma: Interior... Lava: Exterior
36 terms
Earth Science Study Guide
nebular theory
fusion
geocentric
Ptolemy
most popular theory regarding the creation of the solar syste…
the collisions of planetesimals to create the planets that ev…
the belief popularized that stated the earth was the center o…
who believed that the earth was geocentric?
nebular theory
most popular theory regarding the creation of the solar syste…
fusion
the collisions of planetesimals to create the planets that ev…
41 terms
Earth science study guide
What is a rock?
What are rocks made of?
Whats the difference between intrusive…
What are the major components of soil?
A rock is a mass of grouped minerals
Rocks are made of elements found in minerals
The difference between intrusive and extrusive rocks is that…
The major components of soil are :... Minerals ... Organic matter…
What is a rock?
A rock is a mass of grouped minerals
What are rocks made of?
Rocks are made of elements found in minerals
30 terms
Earth Science Study Guide
solar systems
milky way
humans
distance
clouds of dust and gas are typically areas where new ___ ___…
the sun is a star that can be found in the...
the milky way galaxy is difficult to observe from earth becau…
we have limited knowledge of galaxies because of their...
solar systems
clouds of dust and gas are typically areas where new ___ ___…
milky way
the sun is a star that can be found in the...
36 terms
earth science study guide
Asthenosphere
Continental Drift
Convection
Density
The first person to propose the theory of continental drift
Fossils of tropical plants found on an island in the Arctic O…
Heat transferred by the movement of a heated fluid
A measure of how much mass there is in a volume of a substance
Asthenosphere
The first person to propose the theory of continental drift
Continental Drift
Fossils of tropical plants found on an island in the Arctic O…
50 terms
Study Guide Earth Science
Hydrosphere
groundwater
infiltration
Zone of Aeration
the water on, and in Earth's crust
water beneath the surface of the Earth which saturates the po…
process in which precipitation falls on land and enters the g…
the area above the water table where materials are moist
Hydrosphere
the water on, and in Earth's crust
groundwater
water beneath the surface of the Earth which saturates the po…
26 terms
Earth Science Study Guide
Event
frame of reference
Time Scale
Independent Variable
A collection of one or more outcomes of an experiment
A system for specifying the precise location of objects in sp…
the time allowed for or taken by a process or sequence of eve…
The experimental factor that is manipulated; the variable who…
Event
A collection of one or more outcomes of an experiment
frame of reference
A system for specifying the precise location of objects in sp…
23 terms
Earth Science Study Guide
Crust
Mantle
Moho Region
Outer Core
The Outermost layer of the planet composed igneous, metamorph…
The mantle is the thick layer of hot, solid and semi-solid ro…
The boundary between the crust and the mantle. Short for the…
The outer core of the Earth is a fluid layer about 2,300 km (…
Crust
The Outermost layer of the planet composed igneous, metamorph…
Mantle
The mantle is the thick layer of hot, solid and semi-solid ro…
37 terms
Earth Science Study Guide
Crust
Mantle
Core
Lithosphere
The thin, solid, outermost zone of Earth
The layer that underlies the crust, is denser than the crust
The center sphere that is mainly composed of iron and nickel.
The uppermost part of the mantle which is 15 to 300 km thick.
Crust
The thin, solid, outermost zone of Earth
Mantle
The layer that underlies the crust, is denser than the crust
30 terms
Study Guide Earth Science
What is magma?
What is rock?
What is an igneous rock?
What is crystallization?
Liquid rock under the surface of the earth
A solid that can be formed from one or more minerals
A rock formed from magma or lava that has cooled
Process of magma or lava cooling and creating crystals
What is magma?
Liquid rock under the surface of the earth
What is rock?
A solid that can be formed from one or more minerals
20 terms
Earth Science Study Guide
High pressure outweighs high temperature
Ozone absorbs solar radiation, breaks,…
Troposphere, Stratosphere, Mesosphere,…
High temperature outweighs high pressure
Why is the inner core solid?
How does ozone reflect back solar radiation?
Name the layers of the atmosphere.
Why is the outer core liquid?
High pressure outweighs high temperature
Why is the inner core solid?
Ozone absorbs solar radiation, breaks,…
How does ozone reflect back solar radiation?
18 terms
Earth Science Study Guide
What was the name of the super-contine…
About how long ago did the super-conti…
Describe the theory of continental dri…
Who came up with the theory of contine…
Pangea
200 million
The continents had been joined to form a super continent and…
Alfred Wegener
What was the name of the super-contine…
Pangea
About how long ago did the super-conti…
200 million
19 terms
Earth Science Study Guide
A geologist who studies fossils is cal…
A geologist who studies earthquakes is…
A (n) _______________ is a possible an…
A (n) _______________ us any use of th…
Paleontologist
Seismologist
Hypotheses
Observation
A geologist who studies fossils is cal…
Paleontologist
A geologist who studies earthquakes is…
Seismologist
78 terms
Earth Science Study Guide
Environmental science
oceanagraphy
geology
meteorology
the study of interactions of organisms and their surroundings
the study of earths oceans
the study of materials that make up the earth
the study of processes and forces that produce weather
Environmental science
the study of interactions of organisms and their surroundings
oceanagraphy
the study of earths oceans
75 terms
Earth Science Study Guide
mineral
ore
aluminum
carat
a naturally occurring, inorganic, crystalline solid that has…
the rocks that contain certain valuable minerals
the most common metal worth more per ounce than gold before s…
a unit of mass
mineral
a naturally occurring, inorganic, crystalline solid that has…
ore
the rocks that contain certain valuable minerals
18 terms
Earth science study guide
Earth science
Geology
Astronomy
Meteorology
Any of the sciences that deal with the earth
The study of the rocks, process and the history of the earth
The scientific study of the stars, the planets and other obje…
The science of dealing with the atmosphere and it's phenomena…
Earth science
Any of the sciences that deal with the earth
Geology
The study of the rocks, process and the history of the earth
19 terms
Earth science study guide
Science
Technology
Independent Variable
Dependent Variable
When you gain knowledge
Applying he knoeledg
scientists chooses
measured outcome
Science
When you gain knowledge
Technology
Applying he knoeledg
184 terms
Earth Science Final Study Guide
variable
Hypothesis
Grams
Liters
In the scientific method what is the item that changes or is…
In the scientific method what is an educated guess
What are the units used for mass in the metric system
What are the units used for liters in the metric system
variable
In the scientific method what is the item that changes or is…
Hypothesis
In the scientific method what is an educated guess
14 terms
Earth Science Study Guide
Latitude
Longitude
Globe
Mercator
Run east to west... Northern and Southern Hemisphere.... Do not ext…
Run north to south.... Based on earths rotation -15 degrees per…
Best representation of the earth.
Find locations easily. Used by ships and planes.
Latitude
Run east to west... Northern and Southern Hemisphere.... Do not ext…
Longitude
Run north to south.... Based on earths rotation -15 degrees per…
88 terms
Earth Science Study Guide
Lithosphere
Hydrosphere
Atmosphere
Troposphere
The outer shell of the Earth consisting of the crust and uppe…
water in the earth system-gaseous (water vapor), solid (snow…
The gaseous envelope of air surrounding Earth, made up of a m…
The lowest layer of Earth's atmosphere characterized by decre…
Lithosphere
The outer shell of the Earth consisting of the crust and uppe…
Hydrosphere
water in the earth system-gaseous (water vapor), solid (snow…
20 terms
Science Earth Study Guide
The mantle is within the earth while t…
The crust and the rigid part of the ma…
-Earth's outer rocky surface... -thinnest…
The outer core is liquid and the inner…
Compare the position of the mantle to the position of the con…
What two layers of Earth make up the lithosphere?
Define crust.
How does earth's inner core compare to its outer core?
The mantle is within the earth while t…
Compare the position of the mantle to the position of the con…
The crust and the rigid part of the ma…
What two layers of Earth make up the lithosphere?
20 terms
Earth science study guide
The outer core is responsible for what…
Lithospere
Asthenospere
Oceanic plates
Magnetic feild
Crust, upper mantle, broken into plates
Taffy- like layers of mantle,has convection cerrents
Thinne, colder, more dense
The outer core is responsible for what…
Magnetic feild
Lithospere
Crust, upper mantle, broken into plates
19 terms
earth science study guide
umbra
penumbra
axis
orbit
the fully shaded inner shadow of the moon
partial shadow of the moon
the imaginary line in which the earth rotates on
the path of an object around another object
umbra
the fully shaded inner shadow of the moon
penumbra
partial shadow of the moon
22 terms
Earth science study guide
Asteroid
Comet
Ellipse
Fusion
A large piece of rock or metal orbiting the sun.
A piece ice mixed with rocks,dust, and gases orbiting the sun…
A flattened circle or nearly circular orbit
The smashing together of 2 or more hydrogens to create one he…
Asteroid
A large piece of rock or metal orbiting the sun.
Comet
A piece ice mixed with rocks,dust, and gases orbiting the sun…
11 terms
EARTH SCIENCE STUDY GUIDE
hot spot
oceanic crust
plate boundaries
mid-ocean ridges
the area where hot magma rises from the earth's interior
the portion of earth's crust that lies below the oceans - mor…
specific areas on the earths crust where two or more tectonic…
divergent tectonic plate boundaries located on the ocean floo…
hot spot
the area where hot magma rises from the earth's interior
oceanic crust
the portion of earth's crust that lies below the oceans - mor…
15 terms
Earth science study guide
Nuclear fussion begins to turn hydroge…
Hottest - blue... Coolest - red
Blue star
Quasars are some of the most distant o…
What happens during the process of nuclear fussion?
Which star is the hottest? Coolest?
Which star use up their fuel the fastest?
What is a quasar and what is it a window into?
Nuclear fussion begins to turn hydroge…
What happens during the process of nuclear fussion?
Hottest - blue... Coolest - red
Which star is the hottest? Coolest?
22 terms
Earth science study guide
landform
weathering
erosion
deposition
A physical feature of Earth's surface
the process of breaking rock into soil, sand, or other tiny p…
the process of moving sediment from one place to another--win…
the process of dropping, or depositing, sediment in a new loc…
landform
A physical feature of Earth's surface
weathering
the process of breaking rock into soil, sand, or other tiny p…
31 terms
Earth science study guide
Crust
Mantle
Core
Inner core
Top layer, made of rocks and soil
Middle layer
Has two parts
Middle
Crust
Top layer, made of rocks and soil
Mantle
Middle layer
15 terms
Earth Science Study Guide
Constructive
Destructive
Natural processes that can affect Eart…
Weathering
Processes that create landforms (deposition, landslides, volc…
Processes that destroy landforms (weathering, erosion, landsl…
Weathering, erosion, deposition, landslides, volcanic eruptio…
used to describe processes that break down rocks at or near t…
Constructive
Processes that create landforms (deposition, landslides, volc…
Destructive
Processes that destroy landforms (weathering, erosion, landsl…
78 terms
earth science study guide
meterologist
computers, cars, and medical equipment
revise their working hypothesis
form a hypothesis, ask questions, and…
study the atmospheric conditions that produce weather
what has space exploration technology improved
what happens if experimental results do not match their predi…
what are the parts of the scientific method
meterologist
study the atmospheric conditions that produce weather
computers, cars, and medical equipment
what has space exploration technology improved
101 terms
Earth Science Study Guide
rock
mineral
what 2 elements make up the majority o…
what type of rock is coal
hard substance composed of one or more minerals`
naturally occurring, inorganic solid that has a definite comp…
oxygen and silicon
sedimentary
rock
hard substance composed of one or more minerals`
mineral
naturally occurring, inorganic solid that has a definite comp…
15 terms
Earth Science Study Guide
Athenosphere
Lithosphere
Subduction
Epicenter
The deforming region of the upper mantle of the Earth
The rigid part of the earth, consisting of the crust and uppe…
The sideways and downward movement of the edge of a plate of…
The point on the earth's surface vertically above the focus o…
Athenosphere
The deforming region of the upper mantle of the Earth
Lithosphere
The rigid part of the earth, consisting of the crust and uppe…
22 terms
Earth Science Study Guide
Pangea
Earthquake
Volcano
plate boundary
A super continent that existed about 250 million years ago
A shaking or movement of earth surface caused by the release…
An opening in Earth's crust through which hot gasses, rock fr…
a place where the plates that make up Earth' s crust and uppe…
Pangea
A super continent that existed about 250 million years ago
Earthquake
A shaking or movement of earth surface caused by the release…
64 terms
Earth Science study guide
study of our planets physical characte…
solar system was formed from dust clou…
biosphere geosphere atmosphere and hyd…
Solid Earth: core, mantle, crust,
what is the study of earth science
how did the earth and solar system form
what are the four major spheres in which the earth is divided
define the parts of the solid earth
study of our planets physical characte…
what is the study of earth science
solar system was formed from dust clou…
how did the earth and solar system form
15 terms
Earth-Science study guide
geologic time scale
metamorphic rock
sedimentary rock
igneous rock
describes the timing and relationships between events through…
arises from the transformation of the existing rock and it is…
formed from sediment deposited by water or air.
formed by the cooling of magma or lava.
geologic time scale
describes the timing and relationships between events through…
metamorphic rock
arises from the transformation of the existing rock and it is…
20 terms
Earth Science Study Guide
solidification
heat and/or pressure
cementation and compaction
recrystallization
igneous rock
metamorphic rock
sedimentary rock
metamorphic rock
solidification
igneous rock
heat and/or pressure
metamorphic rock
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