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Study sets matching "earth science guide"

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Study sets matching "earth science guide"

22 terms
Earth Science Study Guide
Pangea
Earthquake
Volcano
plate boundary
A super continent that existed about 250 million years ago
A shaking or movement of earth surface caused by the release…
An opening in Earth's crust through which hot gasses, rock fr…
a place where the plates that make up Earth' s crust and uppe…
Pangea
A super continent that existed about 250 million years ago
Earthquake
A shaking or movement of earth surface caused by the release…
15 terms
Earth-Science study guide
geologic time scale
metamorphic rock
sedimentary rock
igneous rock
describes the timing and relationships between events through…
arises from the transformation of the existing rock and it is…
formed from sediment deposited by water or air.
formed by the cooling of magma or lava.
geologic time scale
describes the timing and relationships between events through…
metamorphic rock
arises from the transformation of the existing rock and it is…
17 terms
Earth Science Study Guide
Inertia and gravity
Cause of a Rotation and the time
Cause of a Revolution and the time
Cause of day and night
They keep the planets in orbit gravity pulls the planets inwa…
Earth spinning on its axis and 24 hrs.
Earth orbiting/ circling around the sun and 365 days
Earth spinning on its axis
Inertia and gravity
They keep the planets in orbit gravity pulls the planets inwa…
Cause of a Rotation and the time
Earth spinning on its axis and 24 hrs.
39 terms
Earth Science study guide
Denisty
Core
Asthenosphere
Inner core is made of
Is measured as mass per unit volume
Most dense layer of earth
More liquid layer of the mantle
Solids
Denisty
Is measured as mass per unit volume
Core
Most dense layer of earth
54 terms
Earth Science: Meteorology Study Guide
weather
climate
ozone
atmospheric duct
the condition of Earth's atmosphere at a particular time and…
the average weather conditions in an area over a long period…
gas that absorbs ultraviolet solar radiation, found in the st…
a layer in the atmosphere where microwaves refract instead of…
weather
the condition of Earth's atmosphere at a particular time and…
climate
the average weather conditions in an area over a long period…
18 terms
Earth Science Study Guide
earths layers
layer compositions crust
layer compositions mantle
layer compositions outer core
crust, mantle, outer core, inner core
made up of water and many different rock types
all different elements, variety of rocks
sphere of mainly iron and nickle
earths layers
crust, mantle, outer core, inner core
layer compositions crust
made up of water and many different rock types
10 terms
Earth Science Study Guide
Troposphere
Mesosphere
Thermosphere
Stratosphere
Where the weather occurs at
The middle layer
The hottest layer
Where the ozone layer is at
Troposphere
Where the weather occurs at
Mesosphere
The middle layer
38 terms
earth science study guide
meteorology
Atmosphere
Environmental Science
Geology
the study of the atmosphere, which is the air surrounding Earth
blanket of gasses surrounding earth
study of the interactions of humans with the enviroment
Study of materials, and the history of the planet and its lif…
meteorology
the study of the atmosphere, which is the air surrounding Earth
Atmosphere
blanket of gasses surrounding earth
43 terms
Earth Science Final Study Guide
Continental drift is the idea that
Plate tectonics refers to
Earthquakes most likely to occur
The word "lithosphere" is used to
The continents were once joined together to form a large land…
the theory that the surface of the earth is made up of large…
at a transform boundary
refer to the crust and the upper mantle layers
Continental drift is the idea that
The continents were once joined together to form a large land…
Plate tectonics refers to
the theory that the surface of the earth is made up of large…
Earth Science Study Guide
Cosmology
BCE
Geocentric Theory
Heliocentric Theory
the study of the structure and evolution of the universe
before common era
Earth is the center of the universe. All planets revolve arou…
Sun-centered model; all planets revolve around the sun (Renai…
Cosmology
the study of the structure and evolution of the universe
BCE
before common era
9 terms
Science earth study guide
Erosion
Deposition
Compaction
Cementation
Particles carried away from source by wind or water.
Particles are deposited as loosely packed sediment.
Particles press together from weight of sediment above.
Particles glued together as dissolved mineral solutions harden.
Erosion
Particles carried away from source by wind or water.
Deposition
Particles are deposited as loosely packed sediment.
31 terms
Earth science study guide
What are the four systems of the earth…
What is the geosphere? What things are…
How is the geosphere structured?
What are continental drift and plate t…
Geosphere - all the land of the Earth (rocks, soils, minerals…
Geosphere - all the land of the Earth (rocks, soils, minerals…
Inner Core - solid, most dense, very hot, lots of pressure, m…
Continental drift - continents drifting apart, plate tectonic…
What are the four systems of the earth…
Geosphere - all the land of the Earth (rocks, soils, minerals…
What is the geosphere? What things are…
Geosphere - all the land of the Earth (rocks, soils, minerals…
14 terms
Earth Science Study Guide
Put the layers of the earth in or from…
Which layer of the earth is liquid?
What layer causes Earth's magnetic fie…
The name of the single landmass that m…
mantle, outer core, inner core, crust
Outer core is liquid
Outer core
Pangaea
Put the layers of the earth in or from…
mantle, outer core, inner core, crust
Which layer of the earth is liquid?
Outer core is liquid
22 terms
Earth Science Study Guide
Crust
Mantle
Moho Region
Outer Core
The outermost layer of the planet composed of igneous, metamo…
The mantle is a thick layer of hot, solid and semi-solid rock…
The boundary between the crust and the mantle. Short for Moho…
The outer core of the Earth is a fluid layer about 2,300 km…
Crust
The outermost layer of the planet composed of igneous, metamo…
Mantle
The mantle is a thick layer of hot, solid and semi-solid rock…
24 terms
Science Study Guide - Earth
The Earth has three layers
The outer layer (crust) is the most im…
The core is divided into the
The crust is made of
the crust, the mantle and the core
because we live on it
outer core and the inner core
is a solid, is made mostly of sand and is the thinnest layer.
The Earth has three layers
the crust, the mantle and the core
The outer layer (crust) is the most im…
because we live on it
42 terms
Earth Science Study Guide
Independent variable
Dependent variable
Control variable
Mineral characteristics
Varied or manipulated
Resul from the independent
Remains constant and unchanged
Naturally occuring substance that is solid & inorganic atomic…
Independent variable
Varied or manipulated
Dependent variable
Resul from the independent
28 terms
Earth Science Study Guide
protostar
black hole
nebula
neutron star
hot, condensed object at the center of a nebula that will bec…
small, extremely dense remnant of a star whose gravity is so…
a large cloud of dust and gas in interstellar space; a region…
collapsed, dense core of a star that forms
protostar
hot, condensed object at the center of a nebula that will bec…
black hole
small, extremely dense remnant of a star whose gravity is so…
21 terms
Earth Science study guide
Distance
Mass
Volume
Density
amount of space between two points
amount of matter in an object
amount of space an object takes up
amount of matter in a given space
Distance
amount of space between two points
Mass
amount of matter in an object
9 terms
Earth Science Study Guide
Converges
Counterclockwise
Clockwise
Divergence
low pressure system
low pressure system
high pressure system
high pressure system
Converges
low pressure system
Counterclockwise
low pressure system
60 terms
Earth Science Study Guide
Earth Science
Geology
Oceanography
Meteorology
A collective term that refers to the fields of science and st…
Study of the Earth.
Study of the oceans.
Study of weather and climate.
Earth Science
A collective term that refers to the fields of science and st…
Geology
Study of the Earth.
15 terms
Study guide earth science
Earth science
The four branches of earth science
Scientific method steps
Hypothesis
Is the scientific study of earth and the universe around it.
Are geology, oceanography, meteorology, and astronomy. Geolog…
Make observations, form a hypothesis, test the hypothesis, ma…
Is a specific statement, is not as widely accepted, and is no…
Earth science
Is the scientific study of earth and the universe around it.
The four branches of earth science
Are geology, oceanography, meteorology, and astronomy. Geolog…
10 terms
Earth Science Study Guide
Radiation
Convection
Conduction
Density
Transfer of energy by electromagnetic waves.
The transfer of energy by the of matter with different temper…
Transfer of energy from one particle to another.
The mass per unit volume of a substance D=M/V
Radiation
Transfer of energy by electromagnetic waves.
Convection
The transfer of energy by the of matter with different temper…
21 terms
Earth Science Study Guide
mineral
element
atom
compound
naturally formed inorganic solid with a crystalline structure
pure substances that cannot be broken down into simpler subst…
smallest part of an element that has all the properties of th…
substance made of two or more elements that have been chemica…
mineral
naturally formed inorganic solid with a crystalline structure
element
pure substances that cannot be broken down into simpler subst…
26 terms
earth science study guide
glacers ____large amounts of sediment
Land features formed by wind are more…
____, or giant pieces of ice, once cov…
____is a flat piece of land at a high…
deposits
dry
Glaciers
Plateau
glacers ____large amounts of sediment
deposits
Land features formed by wind are more…
dry
115 terms
Earth science study guide
Density
Volume
Mass
Area
The ratio of the mass of a substance to the volume of the sub…
A measure of the size of a body of region in three-dimensiona…
a measure of the amount of matter in an object
A measure of the size of a surface or a region
Density
The ratio of the mass of a substance to the volume of the sub…
Volume
A measure of the size of a body of region in three-dimensiona…
59 terms
Earth Science study guide
Made of materials from living things
Made of Particles of other rocks
Made of precipitated Minerals
Caves, Geodes, and gypsum are examples…
Organic
Clastic
Chemical
Chemical
Made of materials from living things
Organic
Made of Particles of other rocks
Clastic
16 terms
Earth Science Study Guide
Layers of the earth's crust
Alfred Wegener
Pangaea
Plate tectonics
crust, mantle, outer and inner cores
a geologist who championed the idea of Continental Drift
the supercontinent Wegener hypothesized once existed
the crust is broken in pieces called plates; plates move due…
Layers of the earth's crust
crust, mantle, outer and inner cores
Alfred Wegener
a geologist who championed the idea of Continental Drift
25 terms
Earth Science Study Guide
What percentage of water covers the ea…
What color is the Earth often called?
What is most of the water on earth?
Where is salt water located?
70%
blue
salt water
oceans
What percentage of water covers the ea…
70%
What color is the Earth often called?
blue
12 terms
Earth science study guide
Fossil Fuels are---- because thay are…
Air,plants,water,and wind are ---- res…
We waste ---- when we take long shower…
---- by a fast-moving river would resu…
Nonrenewablae
Renewable
Water
Weathering
Fossil Fuels are---- because thay are…
Nonrenewablae
Air,plants,water,and wind are ---- res…
Renewable
70 terms
Earth Science study guide
which of the following does not descri…
the nucleus of an atom does not contain
the tendency of minerals to break alon…
if the atomic number of an element is…
it has a definite composition
electrons
cleavage
8
which of the following does not descri…
it has a definite composition
the nucleus of an atom does not contain
electrons
Earth science study guide!
Describe the solar nebula theory
Identify where the greatest concentrat…
Name the planets of our solar system i…
Name 4 characteristics that all the Ga…
The interstellar cloud nebula is made up of mostly hydrogen a…
The sun!! The sun contains 99.86%. Jupiter and Saturn account…
Mercury, Venus, earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Nep…
They are all furthest from the sun, large, rotate fast, and f…
Describe the solar nebula theory
The interstellar cloud nebula is made up of mostly hydrogen a…
Identify where the greatest concentrat…
The sun!! The sun contains 99.86%. Jupiter and Saturn account…
20 terms
Earth science study guide
Continental Crust
Ocianic Crust
Lithosphere
Asthenosphere
Thicker of the two crusts: Made up of mostly granites which i…
Formed beneath the ocean: Thinner of two crusts. Made up of b…
A ridge layer of the earth that includes the crust, and the u…
Plastic solid. Rock is solid, but still soft and can bend--pl…
Continental Crust
Thicker of the two crusts: Made up of mostly granites which i…
Ocianic Crust
Formed beneath the ocean: Thinner of two crusts. Made up of b…
60 terms
Earth Science Study Guide
Rotation
Revolution
Axis
Specific Heat Capacity
Movement of the Earth that gives us day and night
Movement of the Earth that gives us a year
The imaginary line in which the Earth rotates which determine…
The heat required to raise the temperature of a substance by…
Rotation
Movement of the Earth that gives us day and night
Revolution
Movement of the Earth that gives us a year
20 terms
Earth Science Study Guide
1. Changes to Earth's surface can happ…
2. Where does a landslide begin?
3. What area does sand erode from firs…
4. Which 2 processes best describe how…
Slowly: mountain eroding to a hill, river making a delta, gla…
A mountain
The beach near the waves
Wind erosion then deposition
1. Changes to Earth's surface can happ…
Slowly: mountain eroding to a hill, river making a delta, gla…
2. Where does a landslide begin?
A mountain
34 terms
Study Guide: Earth Science
Inner core
Outer core
Mantle
Lithosphere
•the inner core is a sphere of hot solid metal... •its surrounde…
•it is made out liquid
•it surrounds the core... •it's hot but mostly made out of solid…
•includes uppermost mantle
Inner core
•the inner core is a sphere of hot solid metal... •its surrounde…
Outer core
•it is made out liquid
24 terms
Earth Science Study Guide
Trade winds
Doldrum
Westerlies
Easterlies
Winds from 30 degress north and south blowing toward the equa…
Narrow zone where trade winds converge... Aka intertropical conv…
Winds located 60-30 degrees north and south. Blow toward the…
Winds located 60-90 degrees north and south. Blow toward sout…
Trade winds
Winds from 30 degress north and south blowing toward the equa…
Doldrum
Narrow zone where trade winds converge... Aka intertropical conv…
15 terms
Earth Science Study Guide
Fossil
Permineralized remains
Carbon film
Mold
An imprint or remain of a once living creature
When things dissolve and turn into rocks from erosion
living things have it, dissolves once the organism dies
Grows on many things, usually dead.
Fossil
An imprint or remain of a once living creature
Permineralized remains
When things dissolve and turn into rocks from erosion
20 terms
Earth Science Study Guide
Crust
Ablation
Abnormal
Resources
Outer layer of the Earth
A glacier that is eroding
Something not regular
Something from the Earth you can use
Crust
Outer layer of the Earth
Ablation
A glacier that is eroding
13 terms
Earth Science study guide
is the proportion of dissolved salts i…
the gently sloping plain that forms an…
Light and temperature
Pressure
Salinity
Continental Shelf
What two things decrease with depth in the ocean
What increases with depth in the ocean
is the proportion of dissolved salts i…
Salinity
the gently sloping plain that forms an…
Continental Shelf
16 terms
Earth science study guide
Umbra
Penumbra
Axis
Orbit
The fully shaded inner shadow of the moon.
Partial shadow of the moon.
The imaginary line in which the earth rotates on.
The path of an object around another object.
Umbra
The fully shaded inner shadow of the moon.
Penumbra
Partial shadow of the moon.
8 terms
Earth science study guide
Asthenosphere
Hot spot/flume
Intraplate
Lithosphere
A weak plastic layer of the mantle situated below the lithosp…
A concentration of heat in the mantle capable of producing ma…
Igneous activity that occurs within a tectonic plate away fro…
The rigid outer layer of earth, including the crust and upper…
Asthenosphere
A weak plastic layer of the mantle situated below the lithosp…
Hot spot/flume
A concentration of heat in the mantle capable of producing ma…
25 terms
Earth Science Study Guide
Earth Science
Oceanography
Geology
Meterology
The name of all the sciences that collectively seek to unders…
The scientific study of the oceans and oceanic phenomena; Oce…
The science that examines Earth, its form and composition, an…
The scientific study of the atmosphere and atmospheric phenom…
Earth Science
The name of all the sciences that collectively seek to unders…
Oceanography
The scientific study of the oceans and oceanic phenomena; Oce…
25 terms
Earth Science study guide
Rock
A mineral is made from a rock but a ro…
The Rock Cycle
They are both molten rock, in which ig…
A naturally formed solid that is usually made up of one or mo…
KNOW THIS***
Describes the natural processes that form, change, break, and…
What is the difference between magma and lava?
Rock
A naturally formed solid that is usually made up of one or mo…
A mineral is made from a rock but a ro…
KNOW THIS***
10 terms
Earth Science Study Guide
Oceanography
Astronomy
Geology
Meteorology
Creatures that inhabit salty water; Physical and chemical pro…
Objects beyond Earth's Atmosphere; Earth's neighbors, distant…
Materials that make up Earth; Rocks, Glacial Movements, and c…
Forces and processes that produce weather (VOCAB)
Oceanography
Creatures that inhabit salty water; Physical and chemical pro…
Astronomy
Objects beyond Earth's Atmosphere; Earth's neighbors, distant…
46 terms
Earth Science study guide
troposphere
stratosphere
mesosphere
thermosphere
The lowest layer of Earth's atmosphere
2nd layer of atmosphere; extends from 10 to 30 miles up; loca…
The middle layer of the atmosphere
outermost layer of Earth's atmosphere - contains the ionosphere
troposphere
The lowest layer of Earth's atmosphere
stratosphere
2nd layer of atmosphere; extends from 10 to 30 miles up; loca…
52 terms
Earth science study guide
Weather
Anticyclone
Cyclone
Jet stream
Condition of the atmosphere at a specific time and place
High pressure center in the northern hemisphere with winds bl…
Low pressure center in the northern hemisphere with winds blo…
Fast moving west-to-east flowing "river"
Weather
Condition of the atmosphere at a specific time and place
Anticyclone
High pressure center in the northern hemisphere with winds bl…
34 terms
Earth Science study guide
Data Analysis
Tables
X&Y plots
Bar Graph
The most critical step in science
Orginize collected data
Show trends
Comparing data
Data Analysis
The most critical step in science
Tables
Orginize collected data
20 terms
earth science study guide
contour lines
crust
topographical map
mountains
lines on a topographical map that indicate areas with the sam…
The thin, rocky outer layer of Earth that makes up the contin…
Map that shows the shape of the surface features and their el…
the tallest of Earth's landforms
contour lines
lines on a topographical map that indicate areas with the sam…
crust
The thin, rocky outer layer of Earth that makes up the contin…
12 terms
earth science study guide
3 eons
hadean time/facts
archean time/facts
protorozoic time/facts
hadean, archean, protorozoic
began 4.6 billion years ago ended 4 billion years ago... birth…
4,000 million years ago ended 2,500 years ago... first traces o…
began 2.5 billion years ago ended 541 million years ago... cont…
3 eons
hadean, archean, protorozoic
hadean time/facts
began 4.6 billion years ago ended 4 billion years ago... birth…
12 terms
Earth science study guide.
What are the different plate boundries?
What is a divergent plate boundry?
What are the effects of divergent plat…
What is a convergent plate boundary?
Divergent, convergent, transform.
Two tectonic plates move AWAY from each other
-Lava and superheated geysers spew.... -Magma rises from the man…
Two plates come TOGETHER.
What are the different plate boundries?
Divergent, convergent, transform.
What is a divergent plate boundry?
Two tectonic plates move AWAY from each other
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