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Study sets matching "earth science rocks minerals"

Earth Science Rocks and Minerals
Mineral
Property
Streak
Moh's Hardness Scale
solid nonliving material that forms in nature
something you can observe with your senses
color of powder a mineral leaves when rubbed on a rough tile
shows the hardness of a few common materials
Mineral
solid nonliving material that forms in nature
Property
something you can observe with your senses
27 terms
Earth Science - Minerals and Rocks
mineral
magma
crystal
silicate
A solid inorganic substance of natural occurrence.
Molten rock beneath the earth's surface
a solid in which the atoms are arranged in a pattern that rep…
a member of the mineral groups that has silicon and oxygen in…
mineral
A solid inorganic substance of natural occurrence.
magma
Molten rock beneath the earth's surface
54 terms
Earth Science Rocks and Minerals
obsidian
pumice
rhyolite
granite
rock
rock
rock
rock
obsidian
rock
pumice
rock
14 terms
Earth Science- Rocks and Minerals
Color
Streak
Luster
Metallic
Easy to recognize, not very reliable
the color of a mineral powder, rub the mineral across a piece…
the way a mineral reflects light
looks like shiny metal
Color
Easy to recognize, not very reliable
Streak
the color of a mineral powder, rub the mineral across a piece…
45 terms
Earth Science Rocks and Minerals
mineral
inorganic
crystal
Is coal a mineral?
a naturally occurring, inorganic solid with a specific chemic…
not living, never lived; all minerals are inorganic
a solid in which the atoms are arranged in repeating patterns
No because 100's of millions of years ago it formed from orga…
mineral
a naturally occurring, inorganic solid with a specific chemic…
inorganic
not living, never lived; all minerals are inorganic
29 terms
Earth Science Rocks and Minerals
mineral
inorganic
crystal
Is coal a mineral?
a naturally occurring, inorganic solid with a specific chemic…
not living, never lived; all minerals are inorganic
a solid in which the atoms are arranged in repeating patterns
No because 100's of millions of years ago it formed from orga…
mineral
a naturally occurring, inorganic solid with a specific chemic…
inorganic
not living, never lived; all minerals are inorganic
50 terms
Minerals and Rocks Earth Science
Quartz
Feldspar
Calcite
Mica
Makes glass
Used in some pottery
Double refraction/Fizzes in HCl
Flakey and used in computer chips
Quartz
Makes glass
Feldspar
Used in some pottery
45 terms
Earth Science Rocks and Minerals
How is igneous rock formed?
Distinguishing features of igneous rock:
found where?
How is sedimentary rock formed
cooling and crystallization of magma
crystals
around volcanoes
weathering erosion deposition compaction cementation... lithifi…
How is igneous rock formed?
cooling and crystallization of magma
Distinguishing features of igneous rock:
crystals
8 terms
Earth Science: Rocks and Minerals
igneous rock
sedimentary rock
metamorphic rock
hardness
A rock that forms when magma cools and solidifies
A type of rock that forms when particles from other rocks or…
A type of rock that forms from an existing rock that is chang…
A measure of how easily a mineral can be scratched
igneous rock
A rock that forms when magma cools and solidifies
sedimentary rock
A type of rock that forms when particles from other rocks or…
29 terms
Earth Science Rocks and Minerals
mineral
inorganic
crystal
Is coal a mineral?
a naturally occurring, inorganic solid with a specific chemic…
not living, never lived; all minerals are inorganic
a solid in which the atoms are arranged in repeating patterns
No because 100's of millions of years ago it formed from orga…
mineral
a naturally occurring, inorganic solid with a specific chemic…
inorganic
not living, never lived; all minerals are inorganic
39 terms
Earth Science: Rocks and Minerals
Mineral
Silicate
Silicon Oxygen Tetrahedron
Streak
a naturally occuring, inorganic crystalline material with a u…
any one of numerous minerals that have an oxygen and silicon…
a structure composed of four oxygen atoms surrounding a silic…
the color of a mineral in powder form.
Mineral
a naturally occuring, inorganic crystalline material with a u…
Silicate
any one of numerous minerals that have an oxygen and silicon…
24 terms
Earth Science Rocks and Minerals
Mineral Test
Hardness
Streak
Luster
to identify minerals, we preform tests
the resistance of minerals to be scratched. If mineral scratc…
the color of a mineral in powered form. Run across a ceramic…
appearance of light reflected from a mineral. (metallic and n…
Mineral Test
to identify minerals, we preform tests
Hardness
the resistance of minerals to be scratched. If mineral scratc…
51 terms
Earth Science Rocks and Minerals
cleavage
hardness
mineral
non-silicate mineral
the state of being split or cleft
the quality or condition of being hard
a solid inorganic substance of natural occurrence
a mineral lacking silicon
cleavage
the state of being split or cleft
hardness
the quality or condition of being hard
9 terms
Earth Science: Rocks and Minerals
Mineral
Naturally occuring
Inorganic
color
A naturally occurring, solid, inorganic substance that has a…
not produced artifificially
that something has never been alive
...
Mineral
A naturally occurring, solid, inorganic substance that has a…
Naturally occuring
not produced artifificially
37 terms
Earth Science Rocks and Minerals
cleavage
hardness
mineral
mass
A mineral's ability to split easily along flat surfaces.
A measure of how easily a mineral can be scratched
a natural inorganic solid that has a characteristic chemical…
A measure of the amount of matter in an object
cleavage
A mineral's ability to split easily along flat surfaces.
hardness
A measure of how easily a mineral can be scratched
34 terms
Earth Science: Rocks and Minerals
Basaltic
Bedrock
cementation
clast
of or relating to or containing basalt, a dark, dense, extrus…
The solid layer of rock beneath the soil
The process in which minerals precipitate into pore spaces be…
a rock fragment/grain resulting from a breakdown of larger ro…
Basaltic
of or relating to or containing basalt, a dark, dense, extrus…
Bedrock
The solid layer of rock beneath the soil
22 terms
Earth Science - Rocks and Minerals
Mineral
Element
compound
Crystal
A naturally formed, inorganic solid that has a definite cryst…
A substance that cannot be separated or broken down into simp…
A substance made up of atoms of two or more different element…
A solid whose atoms, ions, or molecules are arranged in a def…
Mineral
A naturally formed, inorganic solid that has a definite cryst…
Element
A substance that cannot be separated or broken down into simp…
10 terms
Earth Science: Rocks and Minerals
Color
Luster
Streak
Fracture
many have distinct colors, but have variety of hues. Never th…
Whether the mineral looks shiny like metal: how light reflect…
Rubbing on a streak plate (porcelain plate, unglazed) to see…
Texture of shape of minerals' surface when broken. Four types…
Color
many have distinct colors, but have variety of hues. Never th…
Luster
Whether the mineral looks shiny like metal: how light reflect…
39 terms
Earth Science: Rocks and Minerals
Mineral
Silicate
Silicon Oxygen Tetrahedron
Streak
a naturally occuring, inorganic crystalline material with a u…
any one of numerous minerals that have an oxygen and silicon…
a structure composed of four oxygen atoms surrounding a silic…
the color of a mineral in powder form.
Mineral
a naturally occuring, inorganic crystalline material with a u…
Silicate
any one of numerous minerals that have an oxygen and silicon…
19 terms
Earth Science-rocks and minerals
Vesicular
Igneous
Pyroclastic surge
Ash cloud
holes in a rock formed by the trapping of air bubbles
rocks formed through the cooling of magma or lava
a high-speed rush of hot volcanic ash & steam after a volcani…
large cloud of gas, dust, ash, and debris that forms over a v…
Vesicular
holes in a rock formed by the trapping of air bubbles
Igneous
rocks formed through the cooling of magma or lava
41 terms
Earth Science Rocks and Minerals
Granite
Igneous Rocks
Quick
Heat and Pressure
An igneous rock formed underground
Formed from magma or lava
_____ cooling of magma forms small crystals
Main factors involved in the process of metamorphism
Granite
An igneous rock formed underground
Igneous Rocks
Formed from magma or lava
21 terms
Earth Science: Minerals & Rocks
Characteristics of a sedimentary rock
Characteristics of an igneous rock
Characteristics of a metamorphic rock
Clastic
grainy texture, fossils, layers of sediment, or organic matte…
random intergrown crystals and possible gas pockets (vesicular)
mineral alignment, relatively high hardness, and is very dense.
fragmented; formation: rock cycle
Characteristics of a sedimentary rock
grainy texture, fossils, layers of sediment, or organic matte…
Characteristics of an igneous rock
random intergrown crystals and possible gas pockets (vesicular)
15 terms
Earth Science Rocks and Minerals
Minerals
Physical Properties
Hardness
Moh's Hardness Scale
these are 1. solid. 2. Made from nature. 3. Have never been a…
Particular attributes of minerals that can help them be ident…
This refers to whether a mineral can be scratched or can scra…
A scaled from 1-10 that rates the hardness of a mineral. 1 be…
Minerals
these are 1. solid. 2. Made from nature. 3. Have never been a…
Physical Properties
Particular attributes of minerals that can help them be ident…
13 terms
Rocks and Minerals - Earth Science
Mineral
Property
Grains
Streak
rocks are made of 2 or more of these
something you can observe with your senses
Small minerals or rock pieces
color of powder a mineral leaves when rubbed on a rough tile
Mineral
rocks are made of 2 or more of these
Property
something you can observe with your senses
19 terms
Earth Science- Rocks & Minerals
Compound
Classification of a Mineral
Describe the atomic structure of a min…
Name of the Scientist who invented the…
Something composed of two or more separate elements
Naturally occurring, solid, inorganic, definite crystalline s…
Crystals are arranged in a certain pattern
Fredrich Mohs
Compound
Something composed of two or more separate elements
Classification of a Mineral
Naturally occurring, solid, inorganic, definite crystalline s…
18 terms
Earth Science Rocks and Minerals
non living solid material found in the…
solid materials made up of one or more…
the property that describes how easily…
the color of a mineral whne it is grou…
minerals
rocks
hardness
streak
non living solid material found in the…
minerals
solid materials made up of one or more…
rocks
17 terms
earth science - rocks and minerals
crust
hydrosphere
physical properties
chemical properties
the outer shell that surrounds the earth made up of rocks and…
part of the earth that is water
outward observable characteristics of matter
how matter changes into other matter when joined with other s…
crust
the outer shell that surrounds the earth made up of rocks and…
hydrosphere
part of the earth that is water
33 terms
Earth Science- Rocks and Minerals
having a specific internal structure m…
very specific pattern/arrangement of a…
not formed of animals or plant materia…
not man-made
crystalline
organized
inorganic
natural
having a specific internal structure m…
crystalline
very specific pattern/arrangement of a…
organized
Earth Science: Rocks and Minerals
A rock formed as the result of (Igneous)
Magma
Igneous: Based on _______, or grain ap…
Sedimentary: Rock formed as a result o…
Melting and Cooling of Magman
Molten rock beneath Earths surface
Composition
Compaction and Cementation
A rock formed as the result of (Igneous)
Melting and Cooling of Magman
Magma
Molten rock beneath Earths surface
63 terms
Earth Science Rocks and Minerals
rocks
3 types of rocks
igneous rock
sedimentary rock
any solid mass of mineral or mineral-like matter occurring na…
igneous, sedimentary, metamorphic
rock formed by the crystallization of molten magma
rock formed from the weathered products of preexisting rocks…
rocks
any solid mass of mineral or mineral-like matter occurring na…
3 types of rocks
igneous, sedimentary, metamorphic
25 terms
Earth Science: Earth, Minerals, Rocks
Plants, humans, living things
Water on earth
Air/gas on earth
Rock, dirt on earth (metals)
Biosphere
Hydrosphere
Atmosphere
Geosphere
Plants, humans, living things
Biosphere
Water on earth
Hydrosphere
23 terms
Earth Science Rocks and Minerals
Mineral
Rock
Streak
Hardness
a natural, solid, inorganic substance
A group of minerals bound together
The color of a minerals powder when rubbed on an unglazed, po…
A minerals resistance to being scratched
Mineral
a natural, solid, inorganic substance
Rock
A group of minerals bound together
54 terms
Earth science rocks and minerals
Minerals are
Rocks are
Monomineralic
Polymineralic
Naturally occuring, crystalline, inorganic substance, charact…
A mixture of two or more minerals, physically combined
One kind of mineral
Three or more minerals
Minerals are
Naturally occuring, crystalline, inorganic substance, charact…
Rocks are
A mixture of two or more minerals, physically combined
26 terms
Earth Science: Rocks & Minerals
Mineral Characteristics
Color
Luster
Streak
1. Inorganic... 2. Natural... 3. Crystalline... 4. Homogeneous
Mineral Identifier: Impurities in minerals can change it. Not…
Mineral Identifier: The way a mineral reflects light. Can be…
Mineral Identifier: Color of powder when rubbed on a porcelai…
Mineral Characteristics
1. Inorganic... 2. Natural... 3. Crystalline... 4. Homogeneous
Color
Mineral Identifier: Impurities in minerals can change it. Not…
40 terms
Earth Science: Minerals/Rocks
compound
streak
inorganic
element
substance formed when two or more elements combined
the color of the powder of the mineral
minerals from non living substances
a substance composed of a single kind of atom
compound
substance formed when two or more elements combined
streak
the color of the powder of the mineral
46 terms
Earth Science Mineral and Rocks
naturally occuring
Forms by Inorganic Processes
solid
crystal structure
all are formed by a natural process and aren't man-made
formed by non-living materials
mineral has a definite volume and shape
has a repeating crystal pattern
naturally occuring
all are formed by a natural process and aren't man-made
Forms by Inorganic Processes
formed by non-living materials
19 terms
Earth Science Rocks and Minerals
Bioclastic Sedimentary Rocks
Chemical Sedimentary Rocks
Clastic Sedimentary Rocks
Cleavage
Any rocks made by or from parts of living organisms
Rock composed of sediments
Rock Composed of sediments
Predictable breakage
Bioclastic Sedimentary Rocks
Any rocks made by or from parts of living organisms
Chemical Sedimentary Rocks
Rock composed of sediments
32 terms
Earth science rocks and minerals
Sedimentary
Clastic(sedimentary)
Evaporates (sedimentary)
Organic (sedimentary)
Clastic evaporates organic
Conglomerate fragmental sandstone
limestone
Coal
Sedimentary
Clastic evaporates organic
Clastic(sedimentary)
Conglomerate fragmental sandstone
Earth science rocks and minerals
Igneous rock
Intrusive
Extrusive
Cooling rates
Formed from melting and solidification of rocks
Made beneath the earths surface
Made above the earths surface
Intrusive slowly = coarse grain... Extrusive slowly = fine grain…
Igneous rock
Formed from melting and solidification of rocks
Intrusive
Made beneath the earths surface
Earth Science rocks and minerals
What do minerals make up
Define lithify
What's the New York State gem?
What are minerals made of?
The lithosphere,Rocks, metals, computer chips, food etc
To change into rock
Garnett
Atoms and molecules ... If the mineral contains and ore then it…
What do minerals make up
The lithosphere,Rocks, metals, computer chips, food etc
Define lithify
To change into rock
Earth Science Rocks and Minerals
Mineral
Rock
Streak
Hardness
a natural, solid, inorganic substance
A group of minerals bound together
The color of a minerals powder when rubbed on an unglazed, po…
A minerals resistance to being scratched
Mineral
a natural, solid, inorganic substance
Rock
A group of minerals bound together
17 terms
Earth science rocks and minerals
38 Mineral
40 Mineral Formation
41 Earths crust
42 Luster
A natural occurring solid inorganic substance that's has a de…
Crystallization from magma... Precipitation... Changes in pressure…
The thin rocky outer layer of the earth
The appearance or quality of ... light reflected from the surfac…
38 Mineral
A natural occurring solid inorganic substance that's has a de…
40 Mineral Formation
Crystallization from magma... Precipitation... Changes in pressure…
36 terms
Earth Science: Rocks and Minerals
Mineral
Silicate
Silicon Oxygen Tetrahedron
Streak
a naturally occuring, inorganic crystalline material with a u…
any one of numerous minerals that have an oxygen and silicon…
a structure composed of four oxygen atoms surrounding a silic…
the color of a mineral in powder form.
Mineral
a naturally occuring, inorganic crystalline material with a u…
Silicate
any one of numerous minerals that have an oxygen and silicon…
12 terms
Earth Science: Rocks and Minerals
Intrustive Igneous Rocks
Extrusive Igneous Rocks
Metamorphic Rock
Sedimentary Rock
Rock formed under earth's surface
Rock formed at or above earth's surface
a result of a transformation of a pre-existing rock. The orig…
...
Intrustive Igneous Rocks
Rock formed under earth's surface
Extrusive Igneous Rocks
Rock formed at or above earth's surface
19 terms
earth science rocks and minerals
lithosphere
rock
mineral
hardness
the rigid outer part of the earth, consisting of the crust an…
Naturally-ocurring solid substance composed of one or more mi…
A naturally-ocurring (solid) material that has a specific che…
the mineral's ability to resist scratching
lithosphere
the rigid outer part of the earth, consisting of the crust an…
rock
Naturally-ocurring solid substance composed of one or more mi…
45 terms
Earth Science Rocks and Minerals
mica
moonstone
peridot
pink feldspar
silver with bit of dark green, flaky/thin sheets, only one cl…
matte clear with white lines in it, sodium potassium aluminiu…
transparent green, magnesium iron silicate group
light pink rock
mica
silver with bit of dark green, flaky/thin sheets, only one cl…
moonstone
matte clear with white lines in it, sodium potassium aluminiu…
13 terms
Earth science(rocks&minerals)
Extrusive igneous rock
Pluton
Batholith
Clastic sedimentary rock
Formed by lava
Igneous intrusions; magma
Deep rock; larger pluton
From fragments; conglomerate
Extrusive igneous rock
Formed by lava
Pluton
Igneous intrusions; magma
93 terms
Earth Science (Rocks & Minerals)
minerals
mineralogy
orderly crystalline structure
rock
building blocks of rocks
study of minerals
minerals have this; atoms are arranged in organized, repetiti…
naturally occurring solid aggregate mass of mineral, or miner…
minerals
building blocks of rocks
mineralogy
study of minerals
21 terms
Earth Science: Rocks and Minerals
Minerals
All minerals are:
Crystalline
Physical...Chemical
The building blocks of rocks.
Solid, Naturally occuring, Inorganic, Fixed composition, and…
Made of crystals.
Minerals are classified by their ________ & ________ properti…
Minerals
The building blocks of rocks.
All minerals are:
Solid, Naturally occuring, Inorganic, Fixed composition, and…
49 terms
Earth Science- Rocks/Minerals
lithosphere
rock
monomineralic
mineral
the outermost, relatively brittle layer of the solid Earth, w…
a substance that that is or was a natural part of the solid E…
a rock with only one mineral in it
a natural inorganic, crystalline solid that has a specific ra…
lithosphere
the outermost, relatively brittle layer of the solid Earth, w…
rock
a substance that that is or was a natural part of the solid E…
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