Study sets matching "earth science rocks minerals"

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Study sets matching "earth science rocks minerals"

Earth Science Rocks and Minerals
Mineral
Property
Streak
Moh's Hardness Scale
solid nonliving material that forms in nature
something you can observe with your senses
color of powder a mineral leaves when rubbed on a rough tile
shows the hardness of a few common materials
Mineral
solid nonliving material that forms in nature
Property
something you can observe with your senses
14 terms
Earth Science - Minerals and Rocks
mineral
crystal
hardness
luster
A solid inorganic substance of natural occurrence.
a solid in which the atoms are arranged in a pattern that rep…
A measure of how easily a mineral can be scratched
The way a mineral reflects light
mineral
A solid inorganic substance of natural occurrence.
crystal
a solid in which the atoms are arranged in a pattern that rep…
Earth Science - Minerals and Rocks
mineral
magma
crystal
silicate
A solid inorganic substance of natural occurrence.
Molten rock beneath the earth's surface
a solid in which the atoms are arranged in a pattern that rep…
a member of the mineral groups that has silicon and oxygen in…
mineral
A solid inorganic substance of natural occurrence.
magma
Molten rock beneath the earth's surface
54 terms
Earth Science Rocks and Minerals
obsidian
pumice
rhyolite
granite
rock
rock
rock
rock
obsidian
rock
pumice
rock
14 terms
Earth Science- Rocks and Minerals
Color
Streak
Luster
Metallic
Easy to recognize, not very reliable
the color of a mineral powder, rub the mineral across a piece…
the way a mineral reflects light
looks like shiny metal
Color
Easy to recognize, not very reliable
Streak
the color of a mineral powder, rub the mineral across a piece…
45 terms
Earth Science Rocks and Minerals
mineral
inorganic
crystal
Is coal a mineral?
a naturally occurring, inorganic solid with a specific chemic…
not living, never lived; all minerals are inorganic
a solid in which the atoms are arranged in repeating patterns
No because 100's of millions of years ago it formed from orga…
mineral
a naturally occurring, inorganic solid with a specific chemic…
inorganic
not living, never lived; all minerals are inorganic
6 terms
Earth Science: Rocks and Minerals
Metamorphic Rocks
Igneous Rocks
Sedimentary Rocks
Magma
Rocks that have undergone a change due to tremendous heat, pr…
formed when magma cools beneath Earth's surface or when lava…
Formed when particles of broken rock and organic materials ar…
Molten rock beneath the earth's surface
Metamorphic Rocks
Rocks that have undergone a change due to tremendous heat, pr…
Igneous Rocks
formed when magma cools beneath Earth's surface or when lava…
Earth Science Rocks and Minerals
mineral
inorganic
crystal
Is coal a mineral?
a naturally occurring, inorganic solid with a specific chemic…
not living, never lived; all minerals are inorganic
a solid in which the atoms are arranged in repeating patterns
No because 100's of millions of years ago it formed from orga…
mineral
a naturally occurring, inorganic solid with a specific chemic…
inorganic
not living, never lived; all minerals are inorganic
12 terms
Earth Science - Minerals and Rocks
mineral
crystal
hardness
luster
A solid inorganic substance of natural occurrence.
a solid in which the atoms are arranged in a pattern that rep…
A measure of how easily a mineral can be scratched
The way a mineral reflects light
mineral
A solid inorganic substance of natural occurrence.
crystal
a solid in which the atoms are arranged in a pattern that rep…
50 terms
Minerals and Rocks Earth Science
Quartz
Feldspar
Calcite
Mica
Makes glass
Used in some pottery
Double refraction/Fizzes in HCl
Flakey and used in computer chips
Quartz
Makes glass
Feldspar
Used in some pottery
45 terms
Earth Science Rocks and Minerals
How is igneous rock formed?
Distinguishing features of igneous rock:
found where?
How is sedimentary rock formed
cooling and crystallization of magma
crystals
around volcanoes
weathering erosion deposition compaction cementation... lithifi…
How is igneous rock formed?
cooling and crystallization of magma
Distinguishing features of igneous rock:
crystals
8 terms
Earth Science: Rocks and Minerals
igneous rock
sedimentary rock
metamorphic rock
hardness
A rock that forms when magma cools and solidifies
A type of rock that forms when particles from other rocks or…
A type of rock that forms from an existing rock that is chang…
A measure of how easily a mineral can be scratched
igneous rock
A rock that forms when magma cools and solidifies
sedimentary rock
A type of rock that forms when particles from other rocks or…
29 terms
Earth Science Rocks and Minerals
mineral
inorganic
crystal
Is coal a mineral?
a naturally occurring, inorganic solid with a specific chemic…
not living, never lived; all minerals are inorganic
a solid in which the atoms are arranged in repeating patterns
No because 100's of millions of years ago it formed from orga…
mineral
a naturally occurring, inorganic solid with a specific chemic…
inorganic
not living, never lived; all minerals are inorganic
Earth Science Rocks and Minerals
Mineral Test
Hardness
Streak
Luster
to identify minerals, we preform tests
the resistance of minerals to be scratched. If mineral scratc…
the color of a mineral in powered form. Run across a ceramic…
appearance of light reflected from a mineral. (metallic and n…
Mineral Test
to identify minerals, we preform tests
Hardness
the resistance of minerals to be scratched. If mineral scratc…
39 terms
Earth Science: Rocks and Minerals
Mineral
Silicate
Silicon Oxygen Tetrahedron
Streak
a naturally occuring, inorganic crystalline material with a u…
any one of numerous minerals that have an oxygen and silicon…
a structure composed of four oxygen atoms surrounding a silic…
the color of a mineral in powder form.
Mineral
a naturally occuring, inorganic crystalline material with a u…
Silicate
any one of numerous minerals that have an oxygen and silicon…
104 terms
Earth science- Rocks + Minerals
Kinetic Energy
Potential Energy
Mineral
Minerals form from magma when it begin…
Energy of motion
Stored Energy
Naturally occuring inorganic solid w/ a specific chem. compos…
How do minerals form?
Kinetic Energy
Energy of motion
Potential Energy
Stored Energy
12 terms
Earth Science- Minerals/Rocks
Sedimentary
Bioclastic
Clastic
Cement
Rock that has formed through the deposition and solidificatio…
Bioclastic are skeletal fossil fragments of once living marin…
Denoting rocks composed of broken pieces of older rocks
a powdery substance made with calcined lime and clay. It is m…
Sedimentary
Rock that has formed through the deposition and solidificatio…
Bioclastic
Bioclastic are skeletal fossil fragments of once living marin…
Earth Science Rocks and Minerals
Mineral
Property
Streak
Moh's Hardness Scale
A solid, inorganic, and crystalline material that forms in na…
Something you find in order to identify the mineral/rock.
Color of powder a mineral leaves when rubbed on a rough tile…
A scale that measures the hardness of a mineral.
Mineral
A solid, inorganic, and crystalline material that forms in na…
Property
Something you find in order to identify the mineral/rock.
51 terms
Earth Science Rocks and Minerals
cleavage
hardness
mineral
non-silicate mineral
the state of being split or cleft
the quality or condition of being hard
a solid inorganic substance of natural occurrence
a mineral lacking silicon
cleavage
the state of being split or cleft
hardness
the quality or condition of being hard
9 terms
Earth Science: Rocks and Minerals
Mineral
Naturally occuring
Inorganic
color
A naturally occurring, solid, inorganic substance that has a…
not produced artifificially
that something has never been alive
...
Mineral
A naturally occurring, solid, inorganic substance that has a…
Naturally occuring
not produced artifificially
Earth Science Rocks and Minerals
Luster and the two types of luster
Color
Streak
Hardness
The way light reflects off of a mineral, metallic and nonmeta…
The color of a mineral/Its hue
The color of the powder that is left after the mineral is gra…
The resistance of a mineral to being scratched
Luster and the two types of luster
The way light reflects off of a mineral, metallic and nonmeta…
Color
The color of a mineral/Its hue
37 terms
Earth Science Rocks and Minerals
cleavage
hardness
mineral
mass
A mineral's ability to split easily along flat surfaces.
A measure of how easily a mineral can be scratched
a natural inorganic solid that has a characteristic chemical…
A measure of the amount of matter in an object
cleavage
A mineral's ability to split easily along flat surfaces.
hardness
A measure of how easily a mineral can be scratched
Earth Science: Rocks and Minerals
Color
Luster
Streak
Fracture
many have distinct colors, but have variety of hues. Never th…
Whether the mineral looks shiny like metal: how light reflect…
Rubbing on a streak plate (porcelain plate, unglazed) to see…
Texture of shape of minerals' surface when broken. Four types…
Color
many have distinct colors, but have variety of hues. Never th…
Luster
Whether the mineral looks shiny like metal: how light reflect…
19 terms
Earth Science-rocks and minerals
Vesicular
Igneous
Pyroclastic surge
Ash cloud
holes in a rock formed by the trapping of air bubbles
rocks formed through the cooling of magma or lava
a high-speed rush of hot volcanic ash & steam after a volcani…
large cloud of gas, dust, ash, and debris that forms over a v…
Vesicular
holes in a rock formed by the trapping of air bubbles
Igneous
rocks formed through the cooling of magma or lava
39 terms
Earth Science: Rocks and Minerals
Mineral
Silicate
Silicon Oxygen Tetrahedron
Streak
a naturally occuring, inorganic crystalline material with a u…
any one of numerous minerals that have an oxygen and silicon…
a structure composed of four oxygen atoms surrounding a silic…
the color of a mineral in powder form.
Mineral
a naturally occuring, inorganic crystalline material with a u…
Silicate
any one of numerous minerals that have an oxygen and silicon…
34 terms
Earth Science: Rocks and Minerals
Basaltic
Bedrock
cementation
clast
of or relating to or containing basalt, a dark, dense, extrus…
The solid layer of rock beneath the soil
The process in which minerals precipitate into pore spaces be…
a rock fragment/grain resulting from a breakdown of larger ro…
Basaltic
of or relating to or containing basalt, a dark, dense, extrus…
Bedrock
The solid layer of rock beneath the soil
41 terms
Earth Science Rocks and Minerals
Granite
Igneous Rocks
Quick
Heat and Pressure
An igneous rock formed underground
Formed from magma or lava
_____ cooling of magma forms small crystals
Main factors involved in the process of metamorphism
Granite
An igneous rock formed underground
Igneous Rocks
Formed from magma or lava
Earth Science: Minerals & Rocks
Characteristics of a sedimentary rock
Characteristics of an igneous rock
Characteristics of a metamorphic rock
Clastic
grainy texture, fossils, layers of sediment, or organic matte…
random intergrown crystals and possible gas pockets (vesicular)
mineral alignment, relatively high hardness, and is very dense.
fragmented; formation: rock cycle
Characteristics of a sedimentary rock
grainy texture, fossils, layers of sediment, or organic matte…
Characteristics of an igneous rock
random intergrown crystals and possible gas pockets (vesicular)
19 terms
Earth Science- Rocks & Minerals
Compound
Classification of a Mineral
Describe the atomic structure of a min…
Name of the Scientist who invented the…
Something composed of two or more separate elements
Naturally occurring, solid, inorganic, definite crystalline s…
Crystals are arranged in a certain pattern
Fredrich Mohs
Compound
Something composed of two or more separate elements
Classification of a Mineral
Naturally occurring, solid, inorganic, definite crystalline s…
18 terms
Earth Science Rocks and Minerals
non living solid material found in the…
solid materials made up of one or more…
the property that describes how easily…
the color of a mineral whne it is grou…
minerals
rocks
hardness
streak
non living solid material found in the…
minerals
solid materials made up of one or more…
rocks
15 terms
Earth Science Rocks and Minerals
Minerals
Physical Properties
Hardness
Moh's Hardness Scale
these are 1. solid. 2. Made from nature. 3. Have never been a…
Particular attributes of minerals that can help them be ident…
This refers to whether a mineral can be scratched or can scra…
A scaled from 1-10 that rates the hardness of a mineral. 1 be…
Minerals
these are 1. solid. 2. Made from nature. 3. Have never been a…
Physical Properties
Particular attributes of minerals that can help them be ident…
13 terms
Rocks and Minerals - Earth Science
Mineral
Property
Grains
Streak
rocks are made of 2 or more of these
something you can observe with your senses
Small minerals or rock pieces
color of powder a mineral leaves when rubbed on a rough tile
Mineral
rocks are made of 2 or more of these
Property
something you can observe with your senses
17 terms
earth science - rocks and minerals
crust
hydrosphere
physical properties
chemical properties
the outer shell that surrounds the earth made up of rocks and…
part of the earth that is water
outward observable characteristics of matter
how matter changes into other matter when joined with other s…
crust
the outer shell that surrounds the earth made up of rocks and…
hydrosphere
part of the earth that is water
Earth Science- Rocks and Minerals
having a specific internal structure m…
very specific pattern/arrangement of a…
not formed of animals or plant materia…
not man-made
crystalline
organized
inorganic
natural
having a specific internal structure m…
crystalline
very specific pattern/arrangement of a…
organized
Earth Science: Rocks and Minerals
A rock formed as the result of (Igneous)
Magma
Igneous: Based on _______, or grain ap…
Sedimentary: Rock formed as a result o…
Melting and Cooling of Magman
Molten rock beneath Earths surface
Composition
Compaction and Cementation
A rock formed as the result of (Igneous)
Melting and Cooling of Magman
Magma
Molten rock beneath Earths surface
25 terms
Earth Science: Earth, Minerals, Rocks
Plants, humans, living things
Water on earth
Air/gas on earth
Rock, dirt on earth (metals)
Biosphere
Hydrosphere
Atmosphere
Geosphere
Plants, humans, living things
Biosphere
Water on earth
Hydrosphere
Earth Science Rocks and Minerals
rocks
3 types of rocks
igneous rock
sedimentary rock
any solid mass of mineral or mineral-like matter occurring na…
igneous, sedimentary, metamorphic
rock formed by the crystallization of molten magma
rock formed from the weathered products of preexisting rocks…
rocks
any solid mass of mineral or mineral-like matter occurring na…
3 types of rocks
igneous, sedimentary, metamorphic
23 terms
Earth Science Rocks and Minerals
Mineral
Rock
Streak
Hardness
a natural, solid, inorganic substance
A group of minerals bound together
The color of a minerals powder when rubbed on an unglazed, po…
A minerals resistance to being scratched
Mineral
a natural, solid, inorganic substance
Rock
A group of minerals bound together
Earth science rocks and minerals
Minerals are
Rocks are
Monomineralic
Polymineralic
Naturally occuring, crystalline, inorganic substance, charact…
A mixture of two or more minerals, physically combined
One kind of mineral
Three or more minerals
Minerals are
Naturally occuring, crystalline, inorganic substance, charact…
Rocks are
A mixture of two or more minerals, physically combined
Earth Science: Rocks & Minerals
Mineral Characteristics
Color
Luster
Streak
1. Inorganic... 2. Natural... 3. Crystalline... 4. Homogeneous
Mineral Identifier: Impurities in minerals can change it. Not…
Mineral Identifier: The way a mineral reflects light. Can be…
Mineral Identifier: Color of powder when rubbed on a porcelai…
Mineral Characteristics
1. Inorganic... 2. Natural... 3. Crystalline... 4. Homogeneous
Color
Mineral Identifier: Impurities in minerals can change it. Not…
46 terms
Earth Science Mineral and Rocks
naturally occuring
Forms by Inorganic Processes
solid
crystal structure
all are formed by a natural process and aren't man-made
formed by non-living materials
mineral has a definite volume and shape
has a repeating crystal pattern
naturally occuring
all are formed by a natural process and aren't man-made
Forms by Inorganic Processes
formed by non-living materials
19 terms
Earth Science Rocks and Minerals
Bioclastic Sedimentary Rocks
Chemical Sedimentary Rocks
Clastic Sedimentary Rocks
Cleavage
Any rocks made by or from parts of living organisms
Rock composed of sediments
Rock Composed of sediments
Predictable breakage
Bioclastic Sedimentary Rocks
Any rocks made by or from parts of living organisms
Chemical Sedimentary Rocks
Rock composed of sediments
32 terms
Earth science rocks and minerals
Sedimentary
Clastic(sedimentary)
Evaporates (sedimentary)
Organic (sedimentary)
Clastic evaporates organic
Conglomerate fragmental sandstone
limestone
Coal
Sedimentary
Clastic evaporates organic
Clastic(sedimentary)
Conglomerate fragmental sandstone
Earth science rocks and minerals
Igneous rock
Intrusive
Extrusive
Cooling rates
Formed from melting and solidification of rocks
Made beneath the earths surface
Made above the earths surface
Intrusive slowly = coarse grain... Extrusive slowly = fine grain…
Igneous rock
Formed from melting and solidification of rocks
Intrusive
Made beneath the earths surface
Earth science rocks and minerals
Elements
most common
minerals
mineral properties
a substance that cannot be broken down by chemical means, com…
common elements in Earth's crust by mass are Oxygen & Silicon…
naturally occurring, inorganic solid with definite chemical c…
The characteristics of a mineral which are all determined by…
Elements
a substance that cannot be broken down by chemical means, com…
most common
common elements in Earth's crust by mass are Oxygen & Silicon…
Earth Science: Minerals and Rocks
Silicates
Carbonates
Oxides
A use for halite
Silicon and oxygen
Carbon and oxygen
Metal and oxygen
Salt
Silicates
Silicon and oxygen
Carbonates
Carbon and oxygen
Earth Science rocks and minerals
What do minerals make up
Define lithify
What's the New York State gem?
What are minerals made of?
The lithosphere,Rocks, metals, computer chips, food etc
To change into rock
Garnett
Atoms and molecules ... If the mineral contains and ore then it…
What do minerals make up
The lithosphere,Rocks, metals, computer chips, food etc
Define lithify
To change into rock
49 terms
Earth Science- Rocks/Minerals
lithosphere
rock
monomineralic
mineral
the outermost, relatively brittle layer of the solid Earth, w…
a substance that that is or was a natural part of the solid E…
a rock with only one mineral in it
a natural inorganic, crystalline solid that has a specific ra…
lithosphere
the outermost, relatively brittle layer of the solid Earth, w…
rock
a substance that that is or was a natural part of the solid E…
Earth Science: Rocks and Minerals
Mineral
Silicate
Silicon Oxygen Tetrahedron
Streak
a naturally occuring, inorganic crystalline material with a u…
any one of numerous minerals that have an oxygen and silicon…
a structure composed of four oxygen atoms surrounding a silic…
the color of a mineral in powder form.
Mineral
a naturally occuring, inorganic crystalline material with a u…
Silicate
any one of numerous minerals that have an oxygen and silicon…
12 terms
Earth Science: Rocks and Minerals
Intrustive Igneous Rocks
Extrusive Igneous Rocks
Metamorphic Rock
Sedimentary Rock
Rock formed under earth's surface
Rock formed at or above earth's surface
a result of a transformation of a pre-existing rock. The orig…
...
Intrustive Igneous Rocks
Rock formed under earth's surface
Extrusive Igneous Rocks
Rock formed at or above earth's surface
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